CN208949075U - Novel anaerobic reactor - Google PatentsNovel anaerobic reactor Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN208949075U CN208949075U CN201820820405.3U CN201820820405U CN208949075U CN 208949075 U CN208949075 U CN 208949075U CN 201820820405 U CN201820820405 U CN 201820820405U CN 208949075 U CN208949075 U CN 208949075U
- Prior art keywords
- phase separator
- anaerobism cylinder
- knockout drum
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 11
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 10
- 239000000523 sample Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 8
- 238000006243 chemical reaction Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 5
- 239000012141 concentrate Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 4
- 239000010802 sludge Substances 0.000 abstract description 19
- 239000007789 gas Substances 0.000 abstract description 17
- 239000010865 sewage Substances 0.000 abstract description 11
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 abstract description 3
- 239000007787 solid Substances 0.000 abstract description 2
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 abstract 1
- 239000002351 wastewater Substances 0.000 description 5
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000000926 separation method Methods 0.000 description 4
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 3
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 3
- 239000005416 organic matter Substances 0.000 description 3
- 230000015556 catabolic process Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000004059 degradation Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000006731 degradation reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000029087 digestion Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000011499 joint compound Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000003756 stirring Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000001186 cumulative Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001079 digestive Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000003344 environmental pollutant Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000011068 load Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010907 mechanical stirring Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000002156 mixing Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000002245 particle Substances 0.000 description 1
- 231100000719 pollutant Toxicity 0.000 description 1
- 230000008929 regeneration Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000011069 regeneration method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000717 retained Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000004062 sedimentation Methods 0.000 description 1
Novel anaerobic reactor, mainly by reaction zone, settling zone and gas chamber composition, it is characterized in that, position, which is equipped with, among the bottom of anaerobism cylinder 1 concentrates mud discharging device, water-distributing device is located at the top for concentrating mud discharging device, probe tube is located at the inner wall side of anaerobism cylinder, three phase separator is equipped on the top of anaerobism cylinder, overflow weir is on the periphery top for being located at three phase separator, knockout drum is located at the top of anaerobism cylinder, the collecting methane pipe for being located at the knockout drum two sides is connect with three phase separator respectively, deposition liquid pipe is located at the lower part of knockout drum, and it is inserted into the lower part of anaerobism cylinder.The utility model is reacted using upflow type anaerobic, can be separated gas, water and sludge in the case where water flow turbulence, so that it is guaranteed that efficiently.It is also strong for the adaptability of different solid content sewage, and its structure, operation operation and maintenance management are relatively easy, cost is relatively low, and technology is mature, is increasingly subject to the attention of sewage treatment industry, is widely used.
The utility model relates to a kind of sewage disposal device, specifically a kind of Novel anaerobic for sewage treatment is reacted Device.
It is currently used for the anaerobic reactor of sewage treatment, frequently with closed cylindrical pond, waste water is directly entered digester In, the sludge by digestion is discharged by digestion bottom of pond portion, and waste water is discharged by top overflow.There are three types of muddy water mixing modes: Mechanical stirring in pond, biogas stirring, circulation digestive juice stirring.Feature be can directly handle suspended matter constant concentration it is higher or The biggish feed liquid of grain, but its structure is simple, organic loading is low, and the residence time is long, and it is bulky, and lack withholding anaerobic sludge Special device, will cause run mud and cause outlet effect to be deteriorated.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of novel anaerobic reactor for sewage treatment.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model is mainly made of reaction zone, settling zone and gas chamber, at the bottom of anaerobism cylinder Position, which is equipped with, among portion concentrates mud discharging device, and water-distributing device is located at the top for concentrating mud discharging device, and probe tube is located at anaerobism cylinder Inner wall side is equipped with three phase separator on the top of anaerobism cylinder, and overflow weir is in the periphery top for being located at three phase separator, gas-liquid point From the top that tank is located at anaerobism cylinder, the collecting methane pipe for being located at the knockout drum two sides is connect with three phase separator respectively, Deposition liquid pipe is located at the lower part of knockout drum, and is inserted into the lower part of anaerobism cylinder.
Preferably, being equipped with multiple gas gathering masks in the downside of the three phase separator, the height of the gas gathering mask is different, point It is two layers.
Preferably, the upper end of the probe tube, on the top of anaerobism cylinder, lower end is pierced by from the lower part of anaerobism cylinder.
Preferably, the gas collection plate angle of the gas gathering mask is 60 °.
The utility model is by adopting the above-described technical solution, anaerobism of the waste water from the entrance of anaerobism cylinder bottom, with reaction zone Sludge, which is mixed, completes degradation to organic matter, and generates biogas, gas and water, mud mixed liquor rise to three phase separator, Mud-water separation is completed in the settling zone of three phase separator unit, and the separation of air water is completed in knockout drum.
The utility model is reacted using upflow type anaerobic, in conjunction with the advantages of existing anaerobic reactor, is had a wide range of application, can Anaerobic grain sludge or floc sludge are handled, can be separated gas, water and sludge in the case where water flow turbulence, so that it is guaranteed that Efficiently.Up-flow anaerobic sludge treatment process is due to the dual characteristics with anaerobism filtering and anaerobic activated sludge method, as energy It is enough that pollutant in sewage is converted to regeneration clean energy resource --- a technology of biogas.For the suitable of different solid content sewage Answering property is also strong, and its structure, operation operation and maintenance management it is relatively easy, cost is relatively low, and technology is mature, increasingly by To the attention of sewage treatment industry, it is widely used.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model three phase separator.
In figure: 1, anaerobism cylinder, 2, concentration mud discharging device, 3, water-distributing device, 4, probe tube, 5, three phase separator, 6, overflow Weir, 7, knockout drum, 8, collecting methane pipe, 9, deposition liquid pipe, 10, gas gathering mask.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the utility model position among the bottom of anaerobism cylinder 1, which is equipped with, concentrates mud discharging device 2, water distribution dress It sets 3 and is located at the top for concentrating mud discharging device 2, probe tube 4 is located at the inner wall side of anaerobism cylinder 1, is equipped with three on the top of anaerobism cylinder 1 Phase separator 5, overflow weir 6 are located at the top of anaerobism cylinder 1 in the periphery top for being located at three phase separator 5, knockout drum 7, if Collecting methane pipe 8 in 7 two sides of knockout drum is connect with three phase separator 5 respectively, and deposition liquid pipe 9 is located at gas-liquid separation The lower part of tank 7, and it is inserted into the lower part of anaerobism cylinder 1.
Further, multiple gas gathering masks 10 are equipped in the downside of the three phase separator 5, the height of the gas gathering mask 10 is not One, it is divided into two layers.
Further, the upper end of the probe tube 4 is pierced by the top of anaerobism cylinder 1, lower end from the lower part of anaerobism cylinder 1.
Further, the gas collection plate angle of the gas gathering mask 10 is 60 °.
With the above arrangement, being handled using the utility model waste water, retained in 1 bottom reaction zone of anaerobism cylinder big Anaerobic sludge is measured, the sludge with good sedimentation function and cohesion performance forms sludge blanket in lower part.Waste water is from 1 bottom of anaerobism cylinder Portion enters, and is uniformly distributed, is mixed with the anaerobic sludge for being deposited on 1 bottom of anaerobism cylinder, micro- life in sludge through water-distributing device 3 Object decomposes the organic matter in sewage, completes the degradation to organic matter, and generate biogas, the mixed liquor of gas and water, mud, biogas is with micro- Minute bubbles form is constantly released, and micro-bubble constantly merges in uphill process, biggish bubble gradually formed, in Sludge Bed Top forms the leaner sludge and water of sludge concentration, ascends into three phase separator 5 together due to the agitation of biogas, It when biogas encounters the gas gathering mask 10 of 5 lower part of three phase separator, is collected by gas gathering mask 10, enters gas-liquid separation through collecting methane pipe 8 Tank 7 is separated again, and solid-liquid mixed liquor enters the settling zone of three phase separator 5, and the sludge in sewage flocculates, particle by It is cumulative big, and it is settled down to 1 bottom of anaerobism cylinder under the effect of gravity, through concentrating mud discharging device 2 to exclude, after being separated with sludge
Clear water is flowed out through overflow weir 6.
The preferred embodiment of the utility model is described above.It is to be appreciated that the utility model not office It is limited to above-mentioned particular implementation, devices and structures not described in detail herein should be understood as with the common side in this field Formula is practiced；Anyone skilled in the art, in the case where not departing from technical solutions of the utility model ambit, all Many possible changes and modifications are made to technical solutions of the utility model using the methods and technical content of above-mentioned enlightenment, or Equivalent example modified to equivalent change, this has no effect on the substantive content of the utility model.Therefore, all without departing from this reality With the content of new technique scheme, according to the technical essence of the utility model any simple modification made to the above embodiment, Equivalent variations and modification, still fall within technical solutions of the utility model protection in the range of.
1. novel anaerobic reactor is mainly made of reaction zone, settling zone and gas chamber, it is characterised in that: at the bottom of anaerobism cylinder (1) Position, which is equipped with, among portion concentrates mud discharging device, and water-distributing device is located at the top for concentrating mud discharging device, and probe tube is located at anaerobism cylinder Inner wall side is equipped with three phase separator on the top of anaerobism cylinder, and overflow weir is in the periphery top for being located at three phase separator, gas-liquid point From the top that tank is located at anaerobism cylinder, the collecting methane pipe for being located at the knockout drum two sides is connect with three phase separator respectively, Deposition liquid pipe is located at the lower part of knockout drum, and is inserted into the lower part of anaerobism cylinder.
2. novel anaerobic reactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped in the downside of the three phase separator The height of multiple gas gathering masks, the gas gathering mask is different, is divided into two layers.
3. novel anaerobic reactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper end of the probe tube (4) is in anaerobism The top of cylinder, lower end is pierced by from the lower part of anaerobism cylinder.
4. novel anaerobic reactor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the gas collection plate angle of the gas gathering mask is 60°。
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201820820405.3U CN208949075U (en)||2018-05-29||2018-05-29||Novel anaerobic reactor|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201820820405.3U CN208949075U (en)||2018-05-29||2018-05-29||Novel anaerobic reactor|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN208949075U true CN208949075U (en)||2019-06-07|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201820820405.3U Active CN208949075U (en)||2018-05-29||2018-05-29||Novel anaerobic reactor|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN208949075U (en)|
- 2018-05-29 CN CN201820820405.3U patent/CN208949075U/en active Active
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