CN208898900U - A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device - Google Patents

A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208898900U
CN208898900U CN201821421841.XU CN201821421841U CN208898900U CN 208898900 U CN208898900 U CN 208898900U CN 201821421841 U CN201821421841 U CN 201821421841U CN 208898900 U CN208898900 U CN 208898900U
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China
Prior art keywords
dry method
reaction device
anaerobic
anaerobic reaction
feed reservoir
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CN201821421841.XU
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褚衍生
郭清吉
蒋小钰
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Qingdao Yong Luo Environmental Science Research Institute Co Ltd
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Qingdao Yong Luo Environmental Science Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model proposes a kind of dry method anaerobic reaction devices, comprising: feed reservoir, the feed reservoir is interior to be equipped with rabbling mechanism, and the bottom wall of the feed reservoir is inclined;Heating mechanism, for being heated to raw material in feed reservoir;The outer wall of anaerobic jar, the anaerobic jar is equipped with insulation construction;Feeding mechanism, for the raw material after being stirred in feed reservoir to be sent into anaerobic jar by anaerobic jar top.The present apparatus is applied to the anaerobic fermentation of material and strain, the material before entering anaerobic jar is able to achieve to mix with the uniform of strain, realize sufficiently being inoculated with, being evenly heated for material, anaerobic jar is not depended on to heat material, it does not need that blender is arranged inside anaerobic jar, power cost and maintenance cost, the use cost for eliminating blender operation are lower.

Description

A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device
Technical field
This field belongs to anaerobic reaction device, and in particular to a kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device.
Background technique
It is at present essentially all intermittent anaerobic fermentation in the dry anaerobic fermentation being rarely reported, a collection of anaerobism of every completion Fermentation needs to open anaerobic jar, material is removed, then feed fermentation, is not able to satisfy the needs of the raw materials continuous processing such as chicken manure. In addition, the structure of anaerobic jar is usually to install adherent setting heating coil in blender and tank in anaerobic jar body at present, pass The thermal efficiency is low, and since coil pipe is directly contacted with material, is easily damaged, once damage is not easy to repair, influences anaerobic jar Utilization efficiency.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problems, such as possessed by the prior art, the utility model proposes a kind of dry method anaerobic reaction devices, comprising:
Feed reservoir, the feed reservoir is interior to be equipped with rabbling mechanism, and the bottom wall of the feed reservoir is inclined;
Heating mechanism, for being heated to raw material in feed reservoir;
The outer wall of anaerobic jar, the anaerobic jar is equipped with insulation construction;
Feeding mechanism, for the raw material after being stirred in feed reservoir to be sent into anaerobic jar by anaerobic jar top.
Further, the side wall of the feed reservoir is sandwich type structure, by leading to high temperature in the side wall to sandwich type structure Water heats raw material in feed reservoir.
Further, which further includes the temperature sensor for detecting material temperature, and control Device processed;The output end of the temperature sensor is connected with the input terminal of controller, and the output end of controller is connected with water pump;It is described Water pump is for high-temperature water to be pumped into side wall interlayer.
Further, which further includes biogas residue pond and methane holder.
Further, which further includes digester, by piping connection in anaerobic jar and biogas Between gas storage holder.
Further, the pipeline being connected between anaerobic jar and digester is equipped with valve and blower.
Further, the pipeline being connected between digester and methane holder is equipped with valve and biogas analyzer.
Further, the feeding mechanism includes feed pipe and feed pump.
Further, the feed pump is plunger pump.
Further, infrared direction finder is equipped at the top of the anaerobic jar.
The utility model compared with the existing technology in possessed advantage are as follows:
1. the present apparatus to be applied to the anaerobic fermentation of material and strain, it is able to achieve material and strain before entering anaerobic jar Uniform mixing, realize sufficiently being inoculated with, being evenly heated for material, do not depend on anaerobic jar and material is heated, do not need Blender is set inside anaerobic jar, and power cost and maintenance cost, the use cost for eliminating blender operation are lower.And And raw material is heated and is inoculated with outside anaerobic jar, is not needed a collection of anaerobic fermentation of every completion and is needed to open anaerobic jar, by object Material is removed, then feeds fermentation, time saving and energy saving, improves the service efficiency of equipment.
2. high concentration material can be input to inside anaerobic jar by high concentration plunger pump, anaerobic jar bottom pyramidal structure is able to achieve The chicken manure that anaerobic fermentation terminates is smoothly discharged outside tank, guarantees chicken manure first in first out.
3. in the feed reservoir of the utility model equipped with temperature sensor, the infrared direction finder being mounted in anaerobic jar, be mounted on it is defeated Biogas analyzer on tracheae.The temperature sensor of front end can detect the temperature of raw material, guarantee into material before anaerobic jar Optimum temperature;Intermediate infrared direction finder guarantees that the chicken manure amount for entering anaerobic jar processing reaches optimum state;The biogas of end point Analyzer can carry out Real-time Feedback to the effect of chicken manure anaerobism.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is Some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise of not making the creative labor property Under, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model anaerobic reaction device.
Appended drawing reference: 1- feed reservoir;2- agitating shaft;3- temperature sensor;4- sandwich-type side wall;5- plunger pump;6- charging Pipe;7- anaerobic jar;8- insulation construction;The first outlet valve of 9-;The second outlet valve of 10-;11- discharge nozzle;12- biogas residue pond;13- first Valve;14- blower;15- digester;The second valve of 16-;17- biogas analyzer;18- gas storage holder;19- exhaust valve;20- is infrared Direction finder.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1,
With reference to Fig. 1, the utility model proposes a kind of dry method anaerobic reaction devices comprising feed reservoir 1, anaerobic jar 7 are used for Raw material in feed reservoir is sent into the feeding mechanism inside anaerobic jar, and the heating for being heated to raw material in feed reservoir Mechanism.Rabbling mechanism inside feed reservoir 1, for stir raw material (materials such as chicken manure and strain or a kind of material with rich in strain Unclassified stores) to be uniformly mixed, can reach inoculation purpose, the bottom wall of the feed reservoir 1 is heeling condition, towards feeding mechanism Direction inclination, the raw material for being uniformly mixed and being sufficiently inoculated with is pumped out convenient for feeding mechanism.
This anaerobic reaction device can not only realize heating but also can realize stirring, so that raw material when due to feedstock processing Heating process and seeded process are completed in the feed reservoir outside anaerobic jar, due to adding to raw material in feed reservoir Heat, temperature needed for meeting raw material anaerobic reaction, therefore insulation construction is only provided in anaerobic jar of the invention without setting Heating mechanism is set, plays the role of avoiding thermal loss by the heat preservation of anaerobic jar;Due to raw material enter anaerobic jar it It is preceding to have stirred evenly, there is no need to which blender is arranged inside anaerobic jar, eliminate the power cost and maintenance of blender operation Maintenance cost, use cost are lower;Since raw material is heated and is inoculated with outside anaerobic jar, a collection of anaerobism hair of every completion is not needed Ferment needs to open anaerobic jar, and material is removed, then feeds fermentation, time saving and energy saving, improves the service efficiency of equipment, and can be real Existing chicken manure continuous anaerobic fermentation.
In the present embodiment, there is top plate, and the top plate is equipped with a raw material and enters pipe at the top of feed reservoir, with reference to Fig. 1, this Sample one to reduce thermal loss and scent dissipation so that heat and whipping process is also in the progress of an opposite confined space.
Rabbling mechanism includes motor (not shown) and the agitating shaft being connected with motor output shaft 2, the axis of agitating shaft To being parallel to the horizontal plane, agitating shaft is equipped with stirring wing, drives the rotation for realizing agitating shaft to material and bacterium by motor Kind is stirred to be inoculated with.The bottom wall tilt angle of the utility model feed reservoir is 10-15 degree, and agitated pretreated raw material is certainly Entered in anaerobic jar under the action of weight by plunger pump and feed pipe 3, infrared direction finder is equipped at the top of anaerobic jar to material in tank Height carry out real-time monitoring and feedback, the maximum load condition of technique is reached with the chicken manure guaranteed in anaerobic jar, guarantees volume Factor of created gase maximizes.
For the heating mechanism of the present apparatus, it can be heating tape, the periphery of feed reservoir is set.
For the heating of raw material in the present embodiment, high-temperature-hot-water can be used and (be passed through 60-80 DEG C into feed reservoir side wall Water) it is heated.Specifically, the side wall of feed reservoir is sandwich-type, including inside and outside two layers, outer layer is equipped with underlying water inlet Mouth and the water outlet being located above, interlayer inside lead to high-temperature-hot-water, and the water source of high-temperature-hot-water can be provided by external boiler, and water can It is pumped out from boiler by water pump and is pumped into side wall by the water inlet below side wall, boiler is passed back by the water outlet above side wall It is interior.In addition, in order to guarantee that the constant of material temperature, anaerobic reaction device of the present invention may include the temperature for detecting material temperature Sensor 3(is as shown in Figure 1, mountable on feed reservoir top plate) and controller;The output end of the temperature sensor 3 with The input terminal of controller is connected, and the output end of controller is connected with water pump;When temperature sensor detects material temperature lower than pre- If when temperature, starting water pump, so that the high-temperature water in boiler is pumped into the side wall of feed reservoir, when temperature sensor detects the temperature of raw material When degree is more than or equal to preset temperature, switch off the pump.
The feeding mechanism of the present embodiment includes feed pipe 6 and the plunger pump being arranged on feed pipe 5, the guarantor of the present embodiment Warm structure 8 is heat preservation rock.In addition, (ginseng is arranged on the tank deck of anaerobic jar and the outer wall of tank body in the insulation construction of the present embodiment Examine Fig. 1), to sufficiently achieve heat insulation effect.
Biogas pipe is equipped at the top of anaerobic jar 7, the biogas generated in anaerobic jar enters in digester 15 through biogas pipe to be taken off Then sulphur enters to methane holder 18 using delivery pipe, the first valve 13 and blower 14 are wherein successively arranged in biogas pipe, Blower is used for the effect of stabilizing gas flow velocity;Delivery pipe is equipped with the second valve 16 and biogas analyzer 17, biogas analyzer packet Including can be with CH in on-line real time monitoring biogas4、CO2、H2S and HO2The gas components analysis instrument and unstripped gas and finished product gas of content Flowmeter, biogas constituent analysis and flow measurement can be carried out to the biogas come out from desulfurizing tower.When using biogas, peace can be passed through Exhaust valve 19 by biogas gas holder is discharged;The bottom wall of anaerobic jar is taper, which is equipped with discharge nozzle, discharging The biogas slurry and biogas residue of pipe discharge is stored by biogas residue pond.Conical bottom wall in the present embodiment is in 60 degree of angles, convenient for the stream of biogas residue Out, furthermore discharge nozzle is equipped with double valve, i.e. the first outlet valve 9 and the second outlet valve 10 can when one of valve damage Use another.
Biogas analyzer model Gasboard-9050, infrared direction finder are the model of western gloomy BSTUF, temperature sensor For BD-PT100-02, the model AIJ-5.0 of temperature controller.
Above embodiments are only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than are limited;Although referring to before Embodiment is stated the utility model is described in detail, it for those of ordinary skill in the art, still can be right Technical solution documented by previous embodiment is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these Modifications or substitutions, the utility model technical solution claimed that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device characterized by comprising
Feed reservoir, the feed reservoir is interior to be equipped with rabbling mechanism, and the bottom wall of the feed reservoir is inclined;
Heating mechanism, for being heated to raw material in feed reservoir;
The outer wall of anaerobic jar, the anaerobic jar is equipped with insulation construction;
Feeding mechanism, for the raw material after being stirred in feed reservoir to be sent into anaerobic jar by anaerobic jar top.
2. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the side wall of the feed reservoir is sandwich-type Structure heats raw material in feed reservoir by leading to high-temperature water in the side wall to sandwich type structure.
3. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the dry method anaerobic reaction device further includes For detecting the temperature sensor and controller of material temperature;The input of the output end and controller of the temperature sensor End is connected, and the output end of controller is connected with water pump;The water pump is for high-temperature water to be pumped into side wall interlayer.
4. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the dry method anaerobic reaction device further includes Biogas residue pond and methane holder.
5. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the dry method anaerobic reaction device further includes Digester, through piping connection between anaerobic jar and methane holder.
6. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that be connected between anaerobic jar and digester Pipeline be equipped with valve and blower.
7. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 5 or 6, which is characterized in that be connected to digester and biogas stores up Pipeline between gas holder is equipped with valve and biogas analyzer.
8. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the feeding mechanism include feed pipe with And feed pump.
9. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the feed pump is plunger pump.
10. dry method anaerobic reaction device according to claim 9, which is characterized in that be equipped at the top of the anaerobic jar infrared Direction finder.
CN201821421841.XU 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device Active CN208898900U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821421841.XU CN208898900U (en) 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821421841.XU CN208898900U (en) 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208898900U true CN208898900U (en) 2019-05-24

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821421841.XU Active CN208898900U (en) 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 A kind of dry method anaerobic reaction device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208898900U (en)

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