Rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical fields, are to be related to a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements more specifically.
As mechanization degree is higher and higher, a series of operations such as harvest, stubble-cleaning, arable land, sowing are completed, agriculture machine is needed
Tool repeatedly enters ground, rolls repeatedly to arable land, and loosening the soil after not only arable layer is ploughed is compacted, and also causes the soil plate of arable layer lower layer
Knot forms one layer of hard, closed plough sole between arable layer and raw soil layer, inhibit to prick under crop root, and lodging tolerance is poor,
Plant growth is not vigorous enough, crop yield decline, and water-holding capacity declines to a great extent after soil hardening, rainfall runoff, earth's surface
Shipwreck to retain by soil absorption and effectively, irrigate by vast dry area in north china groundwater abstraction, and level of ground water continues to decline,
Underground funnel is formed, geologic structure is damaged, such case is generally existing in northern China, and increasingly severe.Change
Become tillage method, improvement soil texture, improve soil water storage ability, Water Saving Agriculture Development makes agriculture urgent problem to be solved.
Agricultural tillage mainly uses turnplow and rotary plow at present, and traditional turnplow and rotary plow are in actual use all
There is a problem of topsoil depth deficiency, can not meet agronomy deep ploughing, the requirement of subsoiling, seriously restrict crop yield.In recent years
Country advocates deep ploughing, subsoiling, turns over since turnplow belongs to, and ploughs deeply plough so that mellow soil layer and raw soil layer displacement, destroy soil knot
Structure is unfavorable for plant growth, and the weeds seed of earth's surface and harmful worm's ovum are turned over and buried into underground, protect worm's ovum overwintering,
Cause the plague of insects in successive years, underground grass-seed is turned back ground surface layer when farming again, therefore weeds grow thickly every year and are difficult to eradicate.It passes
System subsoiling plow only realizes part and loosens the soil, and that there are subsoiling width is narrow, working resistance is big, and energy consumption is more, and working efficiency is low etc. asks
Rotary tillage using very universal, but since the stalk that straw-returning causes mellow soil layer broken is excessively concentrated, soil is empty
Void, crop seed contact bad with soil, or even are isolated by stalk, destroy germination, growth condition, percentage of seedgermination is big
Width reduces, it is suppressed that the root system of seedling develops, and causes crop offspring not vigorous.Returning to the field stalk rots, and the time is long, and putrefaction process needs
The nitrogen in soil is absorbed, occurs striving nitrogenous fertilizer situation with crop, soil nitrogenous fertilizer content reduces, and influences plant growth and fruit
The cry of real mass, the in recent years indirect returning to the field comprehensive utilization of stalk is very high.For improve rotary tillage effect, also use rotary tillage twice
Operation, some deepen pine combination operation using double rotary cultivators or rotary tillage, and such energy consumption is significantly increased, and effect is extremely limited, on
The problem of stating can not be solved fundamentally.
Utility model content
To overcome drawbacks described above in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of collection shovel soil, soil filtering, and powder is ploughed, agriculture
The rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements of crop harvest.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements, including bracket, is installed in bracket
The rotary cultivator attachment of bottom is installed in the impact type scraper device of bracket front end, is installed on bracket and is located at impact type scraper device
The soil crushing device at rear and the transmission connection of impact type scraper device is installed on bracket and is located at soil crushing device rear and impact type shovel
The sieve soil device of native device transmission connection, the impact type scraper device include impact force driving device, with impact power drive dress
Set the oblique shovel of transmission connection.
Preferably, the impact force driving device includes impact first driving device, with impact first driving device
The impact transmission shaft of transmission connection, the eccentric wheel being sheathed on transmission shaft.
Preferably, being also installed with tiltedly shovel fixed pin shaft, described one end tiltedly shoveled and impact transmission shaft on the bracket
Connection, the other end tiltedly shoveled are connect with oblique shovel fixed pin shaft.
Preferably, the soil crushing device includes the hack knife being installed on bracket with impact transmission shaft transmission connection
Axis, several hack blades being installed on hack cutter shaft.
Preferably, the native device of the sieve includes rocking bar, pin shaft is connected with the sieve shovel of oblique shovel connection, with sieve shovel connecting pin
One end of the sifting bed of axis connection, the rocking bar is connect with bracket, and the other end of the rocking bar is connect with sifting bed.
Preferably, the rotary cultivator attachment includes the second driving device, the rotary tillage with the transmission connection of the second driving device
Cutter shaft, the Rotary tillage blade being installed on rotary knife axis.
Preferably, the impact force driving device further includes impact connecting rod, one end of the impact connecting rod and tiltedly shovel
Front end connection, it is described impact connecting rod the other end connect with eccentric wheel.
Preferably, the impact force driving device further includes being installed on bracket to be used to install impact transmission shaft
Preferably, the rotary cultivator attachment further includes the rotary knife axis for being used to install rotary knife axis being installed on bracket
Preferably, the shape tiltedly shoveled is " u "-shaped.
Preferably, the angle between the oblique shovel and ground is 30 ° -90 °.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
The utility model includes bracket, is installed in the rotary cultivator attachment of frame bottom, is installed in the impact type shovel of bracket front end
Native device is installed in the soil crushing device for being located at impact type scraper device rear and the transmission connection of impact type scraper device on bracket,
It is installed in the sieve soil device for being located at soil crushing device rear and the transmission connection of impact type scraper device on bracket, the impact type shovel soil
Device includes impact force driving device, the oblique shovel with impact force driving device transmission connection.Scraper device is by the soil of mellow soil layer
Scoop up, sent after smashing soil via soil crushing device sieved to native device is sieved native device by soil crops fruit, campanulaceae,
Weeds or rubbish filtering come out, and the soil after cleaning out is covered in again on the raw soil layer after ploughing via rotary cultivator attachment powder, protect
The soil texture in arable land is held, realizes the disposable operation completed to soil cultivating, harvest and land clearing, effectively improves work effect
Rate optimizes soil texture and quality, improves crop yield.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment
Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this
Some embodiments of utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, also
Other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without any creative labor.
Fig. 1 is a kind of one of the three-dimensional structure diagram of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements provided by the embodiment of the utility model；
Fig. 2 is the two of the three-dimensional structure diagram of a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements provided by the embodiment of the utility model；
Fig. 3 is the three of the three-dimensional structure diagram of a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
It is practical new below in conjunction with this to keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer
Attached drawing in type embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, it is clear that is retouched
The embodiment stated is the utility model a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the utility model
Example, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to
The range of the utility model protection.
The embodiments of the present invention provide a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements.
FIG. 1 to FIG. 3 is please referred to, the utility model provides a kind of rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements, including bracket 1, is installed in branch
The rotary cultivator attachment 6 of 1 bottom of frame is installed in the impact type scraper device 4 of 1 front end of bracket, is installed on bracket 1 and is located at impact type shovel
The soil crushing device 5 that native 4 rear of device and impact type scraper device 4 are sequentially connected, is installed in after being located at soil crushing device 5 on bracket 1
The sieve soil device 8 of side and the transmission connection of impact type scraper device, the impact type scraper device 4 include impact force driving device
2, the oblique shovel 12 being sequentially connected with impact force driving device 2 is installed in the oblique shovel connecting on bracket 1 with the rear end of oblique shovel 12 and fixes
Pin shaft 14.
When work, impact force driving device 2 drives tiltedly 12 progress reciprocating impact movement of shovel, so that tiltedly 12 insertion mellow soil of shovel
Layer, as complete machine moves ahead, the soil of mellow soil layer slides into the rear end of tiltedly shovel 12 from the front end of oblique shovel 12, and soil crushing device 5 acts, will be into
Enter tiltedly 12 rear ends of shovel soil crush after send the soil sieving after sieving native device 8 to sieving in native device 8 and smashing after fall again
To soil, the rotary cultivator attachment 6 is set to the front for sieving native device 8, when the mellow soil layer in soil, which is tiltedly shoveled 12, to be scooped up, tiltedly shovels
12 first there is chase, and next layer of soil bareness comes out, and rotary cultivator attachment 6 acts, and realize that the powder of raw soil layer soil is ploughed, subsoiling is completed
Afterwards, the soil of mellow soil layer declines from native device 8 is sieved into soil, is covered on the raw soil layer after powder is ploughed, keep soil texture not by
It destroys, simultaneously because the setting of native device 8 is sieved, so that the campanulaceae in soil, rubbish, weeds etc. can be sieved native device 8 and filtered out,
It realizes the cleaning to soil, optimizes soil constituent, be conducive to the growth of crop, improve crop yield.Simultaneously for potato, medium-height grass
Medicine, peanut, the fruits such as radish, which are embedded in the crop in soil, can make harvester use, and fruit can be sieved native device sieve 8 and be elected,
It realizes and is disposably completed at the same time harvest, powder is ploughed, stubble-cleaning, and prune job improves operating efficiency, reduces operating cost, is reduced to soil
Ground rolls repeatedly, improves the quality in soil.
The impact force driving device 2 includes impact connecting rod 13, the bearing block 26 being installed on bracket 1, the first drive of impact
Dynamic device 9 is installed in the impact transmission shaft 25 being sequentially connected on bearing block 26 with impact first driving device 9, is sheathed on transmission
One end of eccentric wheel 10 on axis 25, the impact connecting rod 13 is connect with the front end of oblique shovel 12, described to impact the another of connecting rod 13
End is connect with eccentric wheel 10.First driving device 9 drives impact transmission shaft 25 to rotate, so that eccentric wheel 10 is driven to rotate, power
The front end of tiltedly shovel 12 is reached by impacting connecting rod 13, so that tiltedly shovel 12 generates reciprocating impact movement.
The soil crushing device 5 include be installed on bracket 1 with impact transmission shaft 25 by transmission mechanism 7 be sequentially connected it is broken
Native cutter shaft 28, several hack blades 15 being installed on hack cutter shaft 28.When impact transmission shaft 25 is in first driving device 9
When being rotated by, power reaches hack cutter shaft 28 by transmission mechanism 7, and hack cutter shaft 28 rotates, and drives 15 turns of hack blade
It is dynamic, so that the soil for being located at tiltedly 12 rear ends of shovel is smashed and be grilled into sifting bed 18 by hack blade 15.
The native device 8 of the sieve includes rocking bar 20, and the sieve shovel connecting with oblique shovel 12 connects pin shaft 16, and pin shaft 16 is connect with sieve shovel
One end of the sifting bed 18 of connection, the rocking bar 20 is connect by sifting bed pin shaft 19 with bracket 1, and the other end of the rocking bar 20 passes through
Sifting bed pin shaft 19 is connect with sifting bed 18.18 two o'clock of sifting bed or Mulit-point Connection described in described 20 one end of rocking bar, the rocking bar 20 are another
End and 1 two o'clock of bracket or Mulit-point Connection, form rocker device, as the reciprocating impact movement of the oblique shovel 12 drives sieve soil
Device 8 generates shaking of continuously jolting, and filters mellow soil layer soil quickly from sifting bed 18 and uniformly trickles down to soil.
The rotary cultivator attachment 6 includes the rotary blade pedestal 27 being installed on bracket 1, and the second driving device 29 is installed in rotation
With the rotary knife axis 23 of the second driving device 29 transmission connection on coulter pedestal 27, the Rotary tillage blade being installed on rotary knife axis 23
22.Second driving device 29 drives rotary blade pedestal 27 to rotate, and Rotary tillage blade 22 is driven to rotate, and realizes the powder to raw soil layer
Farming industry.Second driving device 29 includes rotary tillage drive motor 21 and the gear-box with the transmission connection of rotary tillage drive motor 21
24, the rotary tillage drive motor 21 is reached power on rotary knife axis 23 by gear-box 24.
Since the impact force of soil crushing device 5 and oblique shovel 12 is all from first driving device 9, and sifting bed 18 shovels 12 companies with oblique
It connects, when oblique shovel 12 makees reciprocating impact movement, sifting bed 18 vibrates simultaneously, and soil vibration is dropped down on soil, is effectively reduced dynamic
The quantity of energy mechanism, simplifies dynamical system, while reducing operation consumption.
The shape of the oblique shovel 12 is " u "-shaped, convenient for soil to be delivered to the rear end of tiltedly shovel 12 from the front end of oblique shovel 12.
It is also installed with the suspension traction device 3 for connecting tractor on the bracket 1, realizes the lifting of agricultural machinery, retreat
The first driving device 9 is motor.
The transmission mechanism 7 is chain wheel driving mechanism.
In the present embodiment, the angle between the oblique shovel 12 and ground is 45 °, is preferably inserted into mellow soil in favor of tiltedly shoveling 12
Layer, mellow soil layer is scooped up.It in other embodiments, can also be the arbitrary value between 30 ° -90 °.
In conclusion rotary tilling-type multifunctional farm implements provided by the utility model are able to achieve in the premise for not destroying soil layer construction
Lower carry out deep ploughing and intensive cultivation, make mellow soil layer and raw soil layer soil all obtain crushing it is soft；It can be by powder non-in soil especially mellow soil layer
The harmful substances such as broken stalk, remaining brick, stone, grass roots, plastic film filter out, and soil optimization is made to be conducive to crop
Growth；By harvest, powdery ridge, filtering function together as one, multi-mode operation can be once completed with entering；Simplify dynamical system, as far as possible
Operation consumption is reduced, production cost is reduced.
Above-described embodiment is the preferable embodiment of the utility model, but the embodiments of the present invention is not by above-mentioned
The limitation of embodiment, it is made under other any spiritual essence and principles without departing from the utility model to change, modify, replacing
In generation, simplifies combination, should be equivalent substitute mode, is included within the protection scope of the utility model.