CN208833174U - A kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology - Google Patents

A kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208833174U
CN208833174U CN201821869866.6U CN201821869866U CN208833174U CN 208833174 U CN208833174 U CN 208833174U CN 201821869866 U CN201821869866 U CN 201821869866U CN 208833174 U CN208833174 U CN 208833174U
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China
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monitoring
layer
data
frost heave
railway bed
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CN201821869866.6U
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Inventor
李英男
李伟
万兆军
吕殿亮
崔高峰
曹阳
许鹤
王学飞
翟晓宇
杨波
马德东
刘跃
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Shenyang Railway Science and Technology Research Institute Co.,Ltd.
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Institute of Science and Technology of China Railway Shenyang Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology, comprising: acquisition layer, transport layer, data Layer, application layer and presentation layer.The acquisition layer includes base station and railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal;The transport layer is more means converged communication subsystems, and the data Layer is back-end data processing platform, and the application layer includes railway bed frost heave monitoring platform, and the presentation layer includes command and control center, office computer and mobile phone terminal.Beneficial effect is: the utility model monitoring device presses industrial grade standard design, the small and exquisite firm, high degree of automation of equipment can be managed remotely, be suitble to inclement condition, personnel's inconvenience in place in the environment of long-term work, have stronger anti lightning, anti-interference.Equipment volume is small, and track clearance is not invaded after installation, does not interfere normal driving, and Railway Site is suitble to use.

Description

A kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology
Technical field
The utility model relates to railway capital construction fields, and in particular to a kind of railway bed frost heave based on Beidou location technology Monitoring and analysis system.
Background technique
China is a frozen soil big country, and seasonal frozen soil region distribution area accounts for about the 53.5% of Chinese land area.In season Property permafrost region railway construction main problem be exactly roadbed frost damage, roadbed frost damage mainly since subgrade drainage is in winter by low temperature shadow It rings, the higher water of temperature is shifted to the lower soil layer direction of temperature, and under the effect of temperature difference polywater, moisture assembles rapidly and gradually shape At poly- ice sheet.The supply of water is to be continuously increased roadbed surface moisture as caused by the capillarity of underground, soil expansion after icing Increase, forms frost heave.
The frost heave of roadbed can make track structure swell deformation upwards, and then influence the longitudinal irregularity of track, this will affect The comfort of train operation also will affect the efficiency and safety of train operation, to the life security of the people when freeze injury is serious Great injury is caused with the interests of country.Ministry of Railways mouthful can all spend a large amount of manpower and financial resources every year, serious to occurring The roadbed part of freeze injury is conserved and is repaired.
The monitoring technology of existing roadbed frost damage is mainly the side monitored automatically using the artificial measurement of the level and embedded sensor Method.
The measurement of the level is a kind of form of traditional measurement of higher degree, has the advantages that measurement route is flexible, measurement accuracy is higher. Level monitoring point can flexibly be laid in different positions such as road shoulder, base plate, boss, rail rail levels, so as to monitor The frost-heaving deformation of roadbed different parts and its influence to track structure deformation and to track irregularity out.However the measurement of the level Also have shortcoming, the disadvantage is that measurement process is time-consuming and laborious, the degree of automation is lower, measurement efficiency is relatively low, measurement by The influence of external environment is relatively large, and especially in extremely cold area, leveling observation process is more difficult;Meanwhile personal monitoring needs " skylight " time operation is utilized, human safety issues are easy to happen.
Roadbed frost damage automated monitoring technology be monitored by intellectualized sensor system to the frost-heaving deformation of roadbed, freeze The variation of depth and moisture content carries out real-time monitoring, is the excellent of road structure to grasp the rule of roadbed frost damage occurrence and development The maintenance for changing design and route provides the foundation of science.The disadvantage is that monitoring cost is higher, sensor opens fortune in railway Inconvenience is buried after battalion;Intelligent level is lower, is unable to the data of research and application, does not have real time alarm function.
Therefore, it is significant that a kind of precision height, real-time, the technical solution of intelligentized monitoring roadbed frost damage are studied.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is that solve the above-mentioned problems and provides a kind of iron based on Beidou location technology The monitoring of road roadbed frost damage and analysis system, are established for railway bed frost heave monitoring quality, efficiency and management development Basis.
The utility model achieves the above object through the following technical schemes:
A kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology, comprising:
Acquisition layer, the acquisition layer include base station and railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal;It is provided with along railway bed Two monitoring points, each monitoring point are equipped with a railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal;
Transport layer, the transport layer are more means converged communication subsystems, and the data that acquisition layer acquires are transferred to monitoring On platform software, and the various pieces of system are connected as unified entirety;
Data Layer, the data Layer are back-end data processing platform, will receive data and are analyzed, stored, and establish Socket TCP/IP link, host computer shows Real-time Monitoring Data value, and compares with initial coordinate and obtain the monitoring point Variable quantity, while analyzing software and being alarmed according to the early warning value being previously set;
Application layer, the application layer include railway bed frost heave monitoring platform, which is pipe Manage application platform;
Presentation layer, the presentation layer include command and control center, office computer and mobile phone terminal.
Using above technical scheme, the railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal of monitoring point receives satellite-signal, while receiving base It stands in the difference information of server forwarding, receives location information data of the terminal from host computer monitoring point, monitored and calculated using frost heave Method calculates monitoring point frost heave information and is transmitted to monitoring platform software, for the analysis of software real-time display and early warning.
The monitoring point and the station CORS real-time reception Beidou differential signal, it is autonomous to resolve roadbed frost damage monitoring data, analysis The variation of the speed, acceleration equivalence of roadbed frost damage, and be compared with a reference value resolved before, data combination roadbed frost damage Variable quantity, and data Layer is sent to by data communication network in real time;Data Layer will receive data and be analyzed, be stored, And Socket TCP/IP link is established, host computer shows Real-time Monitoring Data value, and compares and be somebody's turn to do with initial coordinate Monitoring point variable quantity, while analyzing software and being alarmed according to the early warning value being previously set.
Preferably, the railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal further includes Beidou receiver, Beidou receiver antenna, ARM Processing terminal, communication unit, communication antenna, solar power supply apparatus, voltage-stablizer and electric quantity monitoring terminal;
The Beidou receiver antenna receives the information of satellite monitoring antenna acquisition, and transmits information to ARM processing eventually End, the ARM processing terminal are exported information by communication unit and communication antenna after handling data, and the Beidou receives Machine, the ARM processing terminal and the communication unit are all made of solar power supply apparatus power supply.
Preferably, the solar power supply apparatus is monitored by electric quantity monitoring terminal voltage, the electric quantity monitoring terminal is logical It crosses communication unit and communication antenna exports information.
Preferably, the solar power supply apparatus and Beidou receiver, ARM processing terminal, communication unit and electricity Monitoring terminal is additionally provided with voltage-stablizer.
Preferably, more means converged communication subsystems include wire transmission, 3G/4G wireless communication, station telecommunication Or Beidou generation communication.
Preferably, the data Layer further includes monitoring system database, the offset number that each monitoring point uploads is stored According to.
Preferably, the data Layer has also set up security system, including infrastructure security, communication network peace Entirely, computer environment safety, zone boundary safety, virtualization safety and disaster recovery backup.
To sum up, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: the utility model monitoring device presses industrial grade standard design, equipment Small and exquisite firm, high degree of automation can be managed remotely, be suitble to inclement condition, personnel's inconvenience in place in the environment of permanent worker Make, there is stronger anti lightning, anti-interference.Equipment volume is small, and track clearance is not invaded after installation, does not interfere normal driving, It is suitble to Railway Site to use.
System can acquire solar energy power accumulating cell voltage, be uploaded to data center, the variation of real-time monitoring voltage value.
Monitoring device data acquisition frequency dynamic can match, the alarm door limit value dynamic and configurable of monitoring data.
Real-time display frost heave monitors the shape of terminal 4G transmission, radio station transmission, the transmission of Beidou generation satellite and satellite quality State.
System establishes appropriate database, can store a large amount of roadbed frost damage monitoring data, provides for analysis roadbed frost damage rule Advantage.
It realizes system-wide automation: since the data collection task of Beidou receiver carries out automatically, and receiving Machine is that user prepares necessary entrance again, and user more conveniently can build up Beidou DEFORMATION MONITORING SYSTEM unattended Full-automatic monitoring system.This system not only can guarantee long-term continuous operation, and can be greatly lowered deformation monitoring at This, improves the reliability of monitoring materials.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not made the creative labor Under, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the system architecture block diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the utility model Along Railway slope monitoring point position scheme of installation;
Fig. 3 is the utility model railway slope displacement monitoring terminal hardware function diagram.
The reference numerals are as follows:
1, acquisition layer;101, railway bed frost heave monitors terminal;101a, Beidou receiver;101b, Beidou receiver day Line;101c, ARM processing terminal;101d, voltage-stablizer;101e, solar power supply apparatus;101f, communication antenna;101g, communication are single Member;101h, electric quantity monitoring terminal;2, transport layer;3, data Layer;301, back-end data processing platform;302, security system; 4, application layer;401, application platform is managed;5, presentation layer;6, monitoring point.
Specific embodiment
To keep the purpose of this utility model, technical solution and advantage clearer, below by the technology to the utility model Scheme is described in detail.Obviously, the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than all Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not before making creative work Obtained all other embodiment is put, the range that the utility model is protected is belonged to.
Shown in referring to figures 1-3, the utility model provides a kind of railway bed frost heave prison based on Beidou location technology Survey and analysis system, comprising: acquisition layer 1, transport layer 2, data Layer 3, application layer 4 and presentation layer 5.
The acquisition layer 1 includes that base station and railway bed frost heave monitor terminal 101;There are two being arranged along railway bed Monitoring point 6, each monitoring point 6 are equipped with a railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal 101;Railway bed frost heave monitors terminal 101 Terminal, monitoring point 6 and the station CORS real-time reception Beidou differential signal are monitored for Beidou, it is autonomous to resolve roadbed frost damage monitoring data, The variation of the speed, acceleration equivalence of roadbed frost damage is analyzed, and is compared with a reference value resolved before, data combination roadbed The variable quantity of frost heave, and back-end data processing center is sent to by data communication network in real time.
The transport layer 2 is more means converged communication subsystems, and it is soft that the data that acquisition layer 1 acquires are transferred to monitoring platform On part, and the various pieces of system are connected as unified entirety.The system uses wire transmission, 3/ according to practice of construction environment 4G, radio station and the transmission of a Beidou generation etc..
The data Layer 3 is back-end data processing platform 301, will receive data and is analyzed, stored, and establishes Socket TCP/IP link, host computer shows Real-time Monitoring Data value, and compares with initial coordinate and obtain the monitoring point 6 variable quantities, while analyzing software and being alarmed according to the early warning value being previously set;The data Layer 3 further includes monitoring system Database stores the offset data that each monitoring point 6 uploads, by taking curve matching, wavelet transformation and Kalman to filter Wave method, it is intuitive to reflect displacement variable and real-time intelligent alarm be carried out to the misalignment beyond dangerous thresholding, simultaneously Support the export function of displacement data.Data Layer 3 has also set up security system 302, including infrastructure security, communication Network security, computer environment safety, zone boundary safety, virtualization safety and disaster recovery backup.The data Layer 3, which is additionally provided with, to be connect Networking gateway subsystem, big data storage subsystem, big data exchange and shared subsystem, data service engine subsystem, big number According to processing subsystem, for big data processing analysis.
The application layer 4 includes railway bed frost heave monitoring platform, which is management application Platform 401;For receiving front-end Beidou monitoring data, establish monitoring platform include data management, early warning and alarming, parameter setting, The modules such as equipment management, datum mark resetting, user management;301 data of back-end data processing platform are received, analyzes, be locally stored Data, each monitoring data of interface real-time display provide information-based, Visualization Service for user.
The presentation layer 5 includes command and control center, office computer and mobile phone terminal.
As preferred embodiment, the railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal 101 further includes Beidou receiver 101a, north Struggle against receiver 101a antenna, ARM processing terminal 101c, communication unit 101g, communication antenna 101f, solar power supply apparatus 101e, voltage-stablizer 101d and electric quantity monitoring terminal 101h;
The Beidou receiver 101a antenna receives the information of satellite monitoring antenna acquisition, and transmits information at ARM Terminal 101c is managed, will be believed after the ARM processing terminal 101c processing data by communication unit 101g and communication antenna 101f Breath output, and the Beidou receiver 101a, the ARM processing terminal 101c and the communication unit 101g are all made of the sun Energy power supply unit 101e power supply, convenient for being used for a long time in the environment of field.The solar power supply apparatus 101e passes through electricity Terminal 101h voltage monitoring is monitored, which passes through communication unit 101g and communication antenna 101f for information Output.The solar power supply apparatus 101e and Beidou receiver 101a, ARM processing terminal 101c, communication unit 101g and Electric quantity monitoring terminal 101h is additionally provided with voltage-stablizer 101d.The terminal utilizes Big Dipper high-precision location technique, calculates in conjunction with roadbed frost damage Method (variation of the speed, acceleration equivalence of analysis roadbed frost damage), terminal independently resolves, and carries out in real time to the frost heave of monitoring point 6 Monitoring, the monitoring terminal have the multiple communication interfaces such as network interface, 3/4G, radio station and a Beidou generation, real according to 6 periphery of monitoring point Situations such as border site environment and communication reservation interface, select different communication modes, it is ensured that 6 frost heave data of field monitoring point are real-time Upload to data center.
More means converged communication subsystems include wire transmission, 3G/4G wireless communication, station telecommunication or a Beidou generation Communication.
Above description is only a specific implementation of the present invention, but the protection scope of the utility model is not limited to In this, anyone skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the utility model, can readily occur in variation Or replacement, it should be covered within the scope of the utility model.Therefore, the protection scope of the utility model should be with the power Subject to the protection scope that benefit requires.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology characterized by comprising
Acquisition layer, the acquisition layer include base station and railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal;There are two being arranged along railway bed Monitoring point, each monitoring point are equipped with a railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal;
Transport layer, the transport layer are more means converged communication subsystems, and the data that acquisition layer acquires are transferred to monitoring platform On software, and the various pieces of system are connected as unified entirety;
Data Layer, the data Layer are back-end data processing platform, will receive data and are analyzed, stored, and establish Socket TCP/IP link, host computer shows Real-time Monitoring Data value, and compares with initial coordinate and obtain the monitoring point Variable quantity, while analyzing software and being alarmed according to the early warning value being previously set;
Application layer, the application layer include railway bed frost heave monitoring platform, which is that management is answered Use platform;
Presentation layer, the presentation layer include command and control center, office computer and mobile phone terminal.
2. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 1, special Sign is that the railway bed frost heave monitoring terminal further includes Beidou receiver, Beidou receiver antenna, ARM processing terminal, leads to Interrogate unit, communication antenna, solar power supply apparatus, voltage-stablizer and electric quantity monitoring terminal;
The Beidou receiver antenna receives the information of satellite monitoring antenna acquisition, and transmits information to ARM processing terminal, institute Information is exported by communication unit and communication antenna after stating ARM processing terminal processing data, and the Beidou receiver, institute It states ARM processing terminal and the communication unit is all made of solar power supply apparatus power supply.
3. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 2, special Sign is that the solar power supply apparatus is monitored by electric quantity monitoring terminal voltage, which passes through communication unit And communication antenna exports information.
4. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 3, special Sign is that the solar power supply apparatus and Beidou receiver, ARM processing terminal, communication unit and electric quantity monitoring terminal are also Equipped with voltage-stablizer.
5. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 1, special Sign is that more means converged communication subsystems include wire transmission, 3G/4G wireless communication, station telecommunication or a Beidou generation Communication.
6. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 1, special Sign is that the data Layer further includes monitoring system database, stores the offset data that each monitoring point uploads.
7. a kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology according to claim 6, special Sign is that the data Layer has also set up security system, including infrastructure security, communications network security, computer ring Border safety, zone boundary safety, virtualization safety and disaster recovery backup.
CN201821869866.6U 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 A kind of monitoring of railway bed frost heave and analysis system based on Beidou location technology Active CN208833174U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111562283A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-21 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Instrument for automatically measuring frost heaving deformation of full section of channel and measuring and mounting method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111562283A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-21 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Instrument for automatically measuring frost heaving deformation of full section of channel and measuring and mounting method
CN111562283B (en) * 2020-06-11 2022-03-15 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Instrument for automatically measuring frost heaving deformation of full section of channel and measuring and mounting method

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Effective date of registration: 20200628

Address after: 110013 4-3, Jing bin street, Shenhe District, Shenyang City, Liaoning province (1-7 level)

Patentee after: Shenyang Railway Science and Technology Research Institute Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Floor 1-7, no.4-3, Jingbin street, Shenhe District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province

Patentee before: CHINA RAILWAY SHENYANG BUREAU GROUP CO., LTD., SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Research Institute