CN208782653U - A kind of cooling system of motor - Google PatentsA kind of cooling system of motor Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN208782653U CN208782653U CN201821076456.6U CN201821076456U CN208782653U CN 208782653 U CN208782653 U CN 208782653U CN 201821076456 U CN201821076456 U CN 201821076456U CN 208782653 U CN208782653 U CN 208782653U
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- cooling duct
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- 238000001816 cooling Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 109
- 238000004804 winding Methods 0.000 claims description 19
- 229920002456 HOTAIR Polymers 0.000 claims 1
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 abstract description 6
- 230000017525 heat dissipation Effects 0.000 abstract description 5
- 210000002356 Skeleton Anatomy 0.000 description 7
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 description 5
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000005611 electricity Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000003754 machining Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000004907 flux Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000003892 spreading Methods 0.000 description 1
The utility model provides a kind of cooling system of motor, belongs to technical field of motors.It solves the problems such as existing cooling effect of motor is poor.The motor of the utility model includes shell and several armature units, cooling system includes air inlet mechanism and cooling duct, air inlet mechanism can be to cooling duct transporting cold wind, heat-conducting mechanism is provided between cooling duct and armature unit, the air outlet communicated with cooling duct is additionally provided on shell, heat-conducting mechanism is in contact with each armature unit, and the heat of each armature unit can pass to cooling duct by heat-conducting mechanism.The utility model is provided with cooling duct, radiator fan, turbulent structure and thermally conductive floor, good heat dissipation effect.
The utility model belongs to technical field of motors, and in particular to a kind of cooling system of motor.
Heat can be generated when motor operation, the heat-sinking capability of the motor then output of direct relation power of motor and motor Service life, for magneto, high temperature be even more will affect the performance of permanent magnet, and then motor performance is generated it is unfavorable It influences.Therefore, cooling system is the important component of motor.There are some problems for the cooling system of existing motor: existing Two-rotor axial magnetic flux motor, due to its entirety be in it is flat, cooling system mostly uses liquid cooling, but liquid cooling system need water route, The auxiliary equipment of the complexity such as pipeline, water pump, radiator, it is at high cost, and reliability is low；And if only being using natural air cooled Guarantee certain heat-sinking capability, casing needs to install additional the radiating fin of large area, motor volume is caused to increase again, and cost mentions It is high.It is therefore desirable to propose a kind of good heat dissipation effect, high reliablity, so that the cooling system that motor volume is light and handy and manufacturing cost is low System.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to be directed to disadvantages mentioned above present in existing motor radiating, and propose a kind of heat dissipation effect Good, high reliablity, so that the cooling system that motor volume is light and handy and manufacturing cost is low.
The purpose of this utility model can be realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of cooling system of motor, motor include shell and several armature units, which is characterized in that the heat dissipation system System includes air inlet mechanism and cooling duct, and air inlet mechanism can be to cooling duct transporting cold wind, between cooling duct and armature unit It is provided with heat-conducting mechanism, the air outlet communicated with cooling duct is additionally provided on shell, heat-conducting mechanism connects with each armature unit Touching, the heat of each armature unit can pass to cooling duct by heat-conducting mechanism.
Several armature units are provided on motor, each armature unit, which is arranged in the shell of motor, to be annularly distributed, cooling Channel is provided on shell channel-shaped in a ring, and cooling duct is arranged around each armature unit, the ring formed with each armature unit Coaxial arrangement.When air inlet mechanism transporting cold wind into cooling duct, armature unit passes through heat-conducting mechanism and cooling duct Between be able to achieve heat transfer, the heat of armature unit can be taken out of by the cold wind of cooling duct to the external world.
Each armature unit includes skeleton, iron core and coil.Iron core is located in skeleton, coil winding formed on skeleton around Group.Winding can generate heat when motor works.
Preferably, the heat-conducting mechanism includes several thermally conductive floors being arranged at cooling duct on shell, several to lead Hot floor is circumferentially arranged at equal intervals along cooling duct, and armature unit is formed between adjacent two pieces of thermally conductive floors inlays space, Winding positioned at the armature unit inlayed in space is in contact with thermally conductive floor.Each thermally conductive floor is wholely set with shell.
Thermally conductive floor not only acts as heat spreading function herein, while playing a supporting role to armature unit.Cooling duct with It is sealed between shell by a cooling duct sealing plate.By cooling duct sealing plate, it is closed that cooling duct becomes one Cooling duct, so that air inlet mechanism is to after the transporting cold wind of cooling duct, cooling effect of the cold wind in cooling duct is more preferable.
Preferably, the air inlet mechanism includes several radiator fans being arranged on shell, the air port of each radiator fan Face cooling duct.
Preferably, a radiator fan, the air port face cooling duct of the radiator fan, institute are provided on the shell The cooling duct stated, which is located at the air port of radiator fan and the air outlet of cooling duct, is provided with an air guide structure, so that heat dissipation The cold wind of fan blowout can flow cocurrent outwardly in the semi-ring that two air guide structures separate respectively.
The setting of two air guide structures, the cold wind that radiator fan is blown out are divided into two paths and flow in cooling duct It is logical, the flow path of cold wind is reduced, blows a cold wind over and is consumed energy in identical situation in radiator fan, is preferably realized to armature unit Winding is cooling.
Preferably, the two sides of the cooling duct are correspondingly arranged on several turbulent structures.
Compared with prior art, the utility model be provided with cooling system, cooling duct to greatest extent close to calorific value most Big winding, thermal resistance is low between heat source and cold air, and radiating efficiency is high；Thermally conductive floor is provided between each winding, it can be by winding The quick Directed cooling channel of the heat of two sides；Cooling duct is closed type, and is divided to two paths cooling to winding, realizes cooling The maximum of air utilizes；Cooling duct design has turbulent structure, can manufacture a large amount of turbulent flows, improves radiating efficiency；Cooling duct is straight It connects from machining cylinder block, without additional pipeline, cost is relatively low；Multiple series systems can be used in radiator fan, facilitate adjustment Required cooling capacity.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the partial structure diagram for applying the motor of this cooling system；
Fig. 2 is the main view of Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is A-A directional profile figure in Fig. 2；
Fig. 4 is the partial structure diagram of the utility model.
In figure, 1, cooling duct；2, shell；3, armature unit；4, ring flat-plate；5, bottom plate；6, cooling duct sealing plate；7, it leads Hot floor；8, radiator fan；9, turbulent block；10, skeleton；11, iron core；12, winding
It is specific embodiment of the utility model and in conjunction with attached drawing below, the technical solution of the utility model is made further Description, but the utility model is not limited to these examples.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, the cooling system of a kind of motor provided by the utility model comprising air inlet mechanism and cooling Channel 1, motor include shell 2 and several armature units 3, and several armature units 3, which are located in shell 1, to be annularly arranged, cooling system It, which is arranged on shell 2, in system to radiate to armature unit 3.Each armature unit includes skeleton 10, iron core 11 and coil.Iron Core 11 is located in skeleton 10, and coil winding forms winding 12 on skeleton 10.Winding 12 can generate heat when motor works Amount.
Air inlet mechanism can be to 1 transporting cold wind of cooling duct, and cooling duct 1 is around each armature unit 3, cooling duct 1 and electricity It is provided with heat-conducting mechanism between pivot unit 3, the air outlet communicated with cooling duct 1 is additionally provided on shell 2.
Cooling duct 1 is provided on shell 2 channel-shaped in a ring, is coaxially disposed with the ring that each armature unit 3 is formed.Shell 2 is annular in shape, in order to form cooling duct 1, adds bottom plate 5 and the ring flat-plate 4 coaxial with shell 2, the width of ring flat-plate 4 again in shell 2 Degree is less than shell 2, and cooling duct 1 is surrounded by bottom plate 5, shell 2 and ring flat-plate 4, and the utility model further includes cooling duct sealing Plate 6, the cooling duct sealing plate 6 are set on shell 2 and ring flat-plate 4 opposite with bottom plate 5 and are arranged in parallel.Bottom plate 5, shell 2 and ring Plate 4 is wholely set.
Armature unit 3 is by being able to achieve heat transfer, the heat energy of armature unit 3 between heat-conducting mechanism and cooling duct 1 It is taken out of by the cold wind of cooling duct 1 to the external world.Heat-conducting mechanism includes that the inner wall of the ring flat-plate 4 of cooling duct 1 is arranged in (close to electricity 3 side of pivot unit) on several thermally conductive floors 7, several thermally conductive floors 7 are circumferentially arranged at equal intervals along the inner wall of ring flat-plate 4, adjacent Form armature unit 3 between two pieces of thermally conductive floors 7 and inlay space, positioned at the armature unit 3 inlayed in space winding 12 with The thermally conductive floor 7 of two sides is in contact.Each thermally conductive floor 7 is also wholely set with ring flat-plate 4.Thermally conductive floor 7 not only acts as scattered herein Heat effect, while playing a supporting role to armature unit 3.
Air inlet mechanism includes several radiator fans 8 being arranged on shell 2, and the air port face of each radiator fan 8 is cooling logical Road 1.A radiator fan 8 is provided on the shell 2 of the utility model, air port (air inlet) face of the radiator fan 8 is cooling Channel 1, cooling duct 1, which is located at the air port of radiator fan 8 and the air outlet of cooling duct 1, is provided with an air guide structure.
The cold wind that air guide structure enables radiator fan 8 to blow out flows simultaneously in the semi-ring that two air guide structures separate respectively Flow direction is extraneous.The section of air guide structure is in " people " font, is docked by two arcwall faces.The top (butt end) of air guide structure It extends respectively at the air port of radiator fan 8 and the air outlet of cooling duct 1.
The setting of two air guide structures, the cold wind that radiator fan 8 is blown out are divided into two paths in cooling duct 1 Circulation, reduces the flow path of cold wind, blows a cold wind over and consumed energy in identical situation in radiator fan 8, be better achieved to armature list The winding 12 of member 3 is cooling.The two sides of cooling duct 1 are correspondingly arranged on several turbulent structures.Turbulent structure includes being located at cooling lead to Several turbulent blocks 9 on 4 inner wall of shell 2 or ring flat-plate are set in road 1.Shell 2 or ring flat-plate is arranged in turbulent block 9 at equal intervals On 4 inner walls.Turbulent block 9 on 4 inner wall of shell 2 and ring flat-plate is arranged in a staggered manner.
The utility model is provided with cooling system, and cooling duct 1 is to greatest extent close to the maximum winding 12 of calorific value, heat source Thermal resistance is low between cold air, and radiating efficiency is high；Thermally conductive floor 7 is provided between each winding 12, it can be by the heat of 12 two sides of winding Measure quick Directed cooling channel 1；Cooling duct 1 is closed type, and is divided to two paths cooling to winding 12, realizes cooling air Maximum utilize；The design of cooling duct 1 has turbulent structure, can manufacture a large amount of turbulent flows, improves radiating efficiency；Cooling duct 1 is direct From machining cylinder block, without additional pipeline, cost is relatively low；Multiple series systems can be used in radiator fan 8, facilitate adjustment institute The cooling capacity needed.
It should be understood that in claims, specification of the utility model, all " including ... " should be understood as out The meaning of formula is put, that is, its meaning is equal to " at least containing ... ", but should not be understood as enclosed meaning, i.e. its meaning It should not be construed " only including ... ".
Those skilled in the art of the present invention can do described specific embodiment various The similar mode of modify or supplement or adopt substitutes, but without departing from the spirit of the present application or surmounts appended right and want Seek range defined in book.
1. a kind of cooling system of motor, motor includes shell (2) and several armature units (3), which is characterized in that described is cold But system includes air inlet mechanism and cooling duct (1), air inlet mechanism can to cooling duct (1) transporting cold wind, cooling duct (1) with It is provided with heat-conducting mechanism between armature unit (3), the air outlet communicated with cooling duct (1) is additionally provided on shell (2), it is thermally conductive Mechanism is in contact with each armature unit (3), and the heat of each armature unit (3) can pass to cooling duct (1) by heat-conducting mechanism.
2. a kind of cooling system of motor according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the heat-conducting mechanism includes setting Several thermally conductive floors (7) at cooling duct (1) on shell (2), several thermally conductive floors (7) are along between cooling duct (1) etc. Armature unit (3) are formed every other week to setting, between adjacent two pieces of thermally conductive floors (7) inlays space, positioned at inlaying in space The winding (12) of armature unit (3) is in contact with thermally conductive floor (7).
3. a kind of cooling system of motor according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the air inlet mechanism includes Several radiator fans (8) being arranged on shell (2), the air port face cooling duct (1) of each radiator fan (8).
4. a kind of cooling system of motor according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that be arranged on the shell (2) There are a radiator fan (8), the air port face cooling duct (1) of the radiator fan (8), the cooling duct (1), which is located at, to be dissipated It is provided with an air guide structure at the air port of Hot-air fan (8) and the air outlet of cooling duct (1), so that radiator fan (8) is blown out Cold wind can respectively in the semi-ring that two air guide structures separate flow cocurrent outwardly.
5. a kind of cooling system of motor according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the cooling duct (1) Two sides are correspondingly arranged on several turbulent structures.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201821076456.6U CN208782653U (en)||2018-07-06||2018-07-06||A kind of cooling system of motor|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201821076456.6U CN208782653U (en)||2018-07-06||2018-07-06||A kind of cooling system of motor|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN208782653U true CN208782653U (en)||2019-04-23|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201821076456.6U Active CN208782653U (en)||2018-07-06||2018-07-06||A kind of cooling system of motor|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN208782653U (en)|
- 2018-07-06 CN CN201821076456.6U patent/CN208782653U/en active Active
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