CN208779628U - The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room - Google Patents

The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208779628U
CN208779628U CN201821153671.1U CN201821153671U CN208779628U CN 208779628 U CN208779628 U CN 208779628U CN 201821153671 U CN201821153671 U CN 201821153671U CN 208779628 U CN208779628 U CN 208779628U
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air
tube
fresh wind
valve
wind tube
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CN201821153671.1U
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谢伟
李龙
皇甫昊
熊耀宇
黄亦平
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CCCC Second Harbor Consultants Co Ltd
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CCCC Second Harbor Consultants Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating

Abstract

The utility model relates to the air conditioners that PM2.5 in a kind of control room pollutes, including the first fresh wind tube, second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube, backwind tube, air supply tube, air-exhausting duct and heat regenerator, PM2.5 concentration inductor is provided in first fresh wind tube, the first primary filter is set gradually in second fresh wind tube, first medium effeciency filter, first Electric air valve, the second medium effeciency filter is set gradually in the third fresh wind tube, second Electric air valve, the PM2.5 concentration inductor respectively with the first Electric air valve, second Electric air valve chain control, the second primary filter is disposed in the backwind tube, return fan, air returning valve and exhaust valve, heat exchanger is set gradually in the air supply tube, double speed pressure fan.The utility model can be according to different building types, blower needed for configuring, filter size and equipment size;And operation is easy to control.

Description

The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room
Technical field
The utility model relates to ventilation and air conditioning technical fields, pollute more specifically to PM2.5 in a kind of control room Air conditioner.
Background technique
Indoor accelerated test pollution increasingly attracts people's attention.Wherein PM2.5 (aerodynamic diameter≤2.5 μm) is to influence The important pollutant of human health is able to enter body deeper inside since partial size is small;Large specific surface area, carrying is more toxic to be had Evil substance has more harmfulness to human health.However the time of most people 70%~90% is spent indoors, with The aggravation of outside atmosphere pollution, PM2.5 pollution problem is more severe in China room.
Air-conditioning season, central air-conditioning system was usually arranged in current large public building in order to regulate and control room temperature, general logical PM2.5 in fresh air filters control room is crossed, transition season eliminates waste heat, remaining wet and pollutant by gravity-flow ventilation;For living Building need to install new blower additional or PM2.5 pollution in air cleaning control room is placed in bedroom if split air conditioner is generally arranged in house.By Higher to the configuration requirement of new blower or air purifier in outside atmosphere PM2.5 real-time change, investment is big out.
Chinese patent (Publication No. CN103322628B) discloses a kind of air-conditioning for controlling haze sky room air pollution Case and its operation method intend to solve that large-scale centralized air-conditioning system controls indoor accelerated test in haze weather, not can solve with outdoor The problem of atmosphere PM2.5 fluctuation of concentration is controlled;Haze sky in winter, the device are built in the large-scale common class such as market, supermarket Control action is played in building, however in conditioning in Transition Season, indoor pollutant is unable to control using gravity-flow ventilation;The central air conditioning simultaneously System can not use in residential architecture.
Since outdoor PM2.5 concentration is real-time change in one day, especially Various Seasonal, different cities are fluctuated more Obviously;Current central air-conditioning system, which generally passes through, installs air filter control PM2.5 concentration additional, due to outdoor PM2.5 concentration Fluctuation, air-conditioning system, which determines operating condition operation, not can solve with outdoor concentration variation progress interior PM2.5 contamination control;Especially to inhabitation Class building, causes indoor pollution serious, needs that new blower or air is in addition arranged since split-type air conditioner can not install filter additional Clarifier combination control, due to the increase of equipment, while initial cost and operating cost increase, and this combination control equally can not be real When control interior PM2.5 concentration.In transition season, then interior PM2.5 concentration is reduced by windowing ventilation, when outdoor particulate matter is dense When spending higher, then interior PM2.5 concentration not can guarantee.As it can be seen that current air-conditioning system not can solve the real-time wave of Various Seasonal PM2.5 Emotionally condition controls indoor accelerated test concentration.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the above problems, provide in a kind of control room The air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes, the utility model can be according to outdoor different pollution operating conditions, such as slight pollution, serious pollution, serious dirt Dye realizes interior PM2.5 contamination control by chain air-valve, can be commonly used for large public building, residential building etc., this Utility model can configure required blower, filter size and equipment size according to different cities place, building type.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows: constructing PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room Air conditioner, including the first fresh wind tube, the second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube, backwind tube, air supply tube, air-exhausting duct and heat regenerator,
It is provided with PM2.5 concentration inductor in first fresh wind tube, is set gradually at the beginning of first in second fresh wind tube Imitate filter, the first medium effeciency filter, the first Electric air valve, set gradually in the third fresh wind tube the second medium effeciency filter, Second Electric air valve,
The PM2.5 concentration inductor respectively with the first Electric air valve, the second Electric air valve chain control, the backwind tube Inside be disposed with the second primary filter, return fan, air returning valve and exhaust valve, set gradually in the air supply tube heat exchanger, Double speed pressure fan,
First fresh wind tube is connected with the second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube respectively, the second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube It is connected with heat regenerator, heat regenerator is also connected with backwind tube, air supply tube and air-exhausting duct.
The utility model additionally provides a kind of control method of the air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in control room, including walks as follows Suddenly
Slight pollution operating condition outside S1, transition season room:
The second Electric air valve of the PM2.5 concentration inductor linkage is opened, and exhaust valve is opened, the first Electric air valve, return air Valve is closed;Outdoor fresh air by first fresh wind tube successively through the second medium effeciency filter, the second Electric air valve, heat regenerator, change Hot device and double speed pressure fan are sent into indoor;Indoor return air is by the backwind tube successively through the second primary filter, return fan, row Air-valve, heat regenerator and air-exhausting duct discharge;
Serious pollution operating condition outside S2, transition season room:
The first Electric air valve of the PM2.5 concentration inductor linkage is opened, and air returning valve, exhaust valve are opened, the second electronic wind Valve is closed;Outdoor fresh air is by first fresh wind tube successively through the first primary filter, the first medium effeciency filter, the first electronic wind Valve, heat regenerator, and room is sent into through heat exchanger and double speed pressure fan after mixing with return air clean in return air valve portion room It is interior;Indoor return air successively divides two-way to blow as the backwind tube through the second primary filter, return fan: all the way return air and warp described in It is sent into interior after the fresh air mixing of heat regenerator, another way return air is discharged through the exhaust valve, heat regenerator and air-exhausting duct.
The utility model additionally provides the control method for the air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes in another control room, including such as Lower step:
Slight pollution operating condition outside S1, winter and summer room:
The second Electric air valve of the PM2.5 concentration inductor linkage is opened, and the first Electric air valve is closed, while exhaust valve is opened It opens, air returning valve is closed;Outdoor fresh air by first fresh wind tube successively through the second medium effeciency filter, the second Electric air valve, through institute Heat regenerator recovery section air draft energy is stated, is sent by heat exchanger and double speed pressure fan indoor;Indoor return air is by the return air Pipe is successively discharged through the second primary filter, return fan, exhaust valve, heat regenerator and air-exhausting duct.
Serious pollution operating condition outside S2, winter and summer room:
The first Electric air valve of the PM2.5 concentration inductor linkage is opened, and the second Electric air valve is closed, for air-conditioning section Can, air returning valve, exhaust valve are opened;Outdoor fresh air is by first fresh wind tube successively through imitating in the first primary filter, first Filter, the first Electric air valve, through heat regenerator recovery section energy, through institute after being mixed with return air clean in return air valve portion room It states heat exchanger and double speed pressure fan is sent into interior;Indoor return air is by the backwind tube successively through the second primary filter, return fan The air-supply of point two-way: all the way return air with it is described mix through the fresh air of heat regenerator after feeding interior, another way return air is through the air draft Valve, heat regenerator and air-exhausting duct discharge.
The utility model additionally provides the control method for the air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes in another control room, including such as Lower step:
S1, in outdoor serious pollution operating condition, the double speed pressure fan opens high-speed cruising, and pressure head undertakes first and just imitated Filter, the first medium effeciency filter, the first Electric air valve, heat regenerator, heat exchanger, the second fresh wind tube and air supply tube resistance;
S2, operating condition is seriously polluted outdoor, the double speed pressure fan opens high-speed cruising, and pressure head undertakes second and just imitated Filter, air returning valve, heat exchanger, backwind tube and air supply tube resistance.
The air conditioner for implementing PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room of the utility model, has the advantages that
1, can according to outdoor by when PM2.5 concentration, change operating condition, control indoor accelerated test concentration;
2, two fans are arranged in the utility model, can change rotation speed of fan according to different operating conditions, energy saving;
3, the utility model can be according to different building types, blower needed for configuring, filter size and equipment size;And It runs easy to control.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawings and embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail, in attached drawing:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes in a kind of control room of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is illustrated with the air conditioner polluted of PM2.5 in the utility model control room and traditional air-conditioning system comparison.
In figure: 1, PM2.5 concentration inductor, 2-1, the first primary filter, 2-2, the second primary filter, 3-1, first Medium effeciency filter, 3-2, the second medium effeciency filter, 4-1, the first Electric air valve, 4-2, the second Electric air valve, 5, heat regenerator, 6- 1, air returning valve, 6-2, exhaust valve, 7, heat exchanger, 8-1, return fan, 8-2 double speed pressure fan, the 9, first fresh wind tube, 10-1, second Fresh wind tube, 10-2, third fresh wind tube, 11, backwind tube, 12, air supply tube, 13, air-exhausting duct.
Specific embodiment
For a clearer understanding of the technical features, objectives and effects of the utility model, now control attached drawing is detailed Illustrate specific embodiment of the present utility model.
As shown in Figs. 1-2, in a kind of control room of the utility model PM2.5 pollute air conditioner include the first fresh wind tube 9, Second fresh wind tube 10-1, third fresh wind tube 10-2, backwind tube 11, air supply tube 12, air-exhausting duct 13 and heat regenerator 5;
It is provided with PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 in first fresh wind tube 9, first is set gradually in the second fresh wind tube 10-1 and is just imitated Filter 2-1, the first medium effeciency filter 3-1, the first Electric air valve 4-1 set gradually in second in third fresh wind tube 10-2 and imitate Filter 3-2, the second Electric air valve 4-2, PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 respectively with the first Electric air valve 4-1, the second Electric air valve 4-2 chain control,
The second primary filter 2-2, return fan 8-1, air returning valve 6-1 and exhaust valve 6-2 are disposed in backwind tube 11, Heat exchanger 7, double speed pressure fan 8-2 are set gradually in air supply tube 12;
First fresh wind tube 9 is connected with the second fresh wind tube 10-1, third fresh wind tube 10-2 respectively;Second fresh wind tube, third Fresh wind tube is connected with heat regenerator, and heat regenerator 5 is also connected with backwind tube 11, air supply tube 12 and air-exhausting duct 13.
According to different seasons and demand, the air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes in the utility model control room has as follows more Kind control method:
Slight pollution operating condition outside S1, transition season room, includes the following steps:
Second Electric air valve 4-2 of the linkage of PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 is opened, and exhaust valve 6-2 is opened, the first Electric air valve 4- 1, air returning valve 6-1 is closed;Outdoor fresh air by the first fresh wind tube 9 successively through the second medium effeciency filter 3-2, the second Electric air valve 4-2, Heat regenerator 5, heat exchanger 7 and double speed pressure fan 8-2 are sent into indoor;Indoor return air was successively just imitated through second by backwind tube 11 Filter 2-2, return fan 8-1, exhaust valve 6-2, heat regenerator 5 and air-exhausting duct 13 are discharged.
Serious pollution operating condition outside S2, transition season room, includes the following steps:
First Electric air valve 4-1 of the linkage of PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 is opened, and air returning valve 6-1, exhaust valve 6-2 are opened, and second Electric air valve 4-2 is closed;Outdoor fresh air is by the first fresh wind tube 9 successively through the first primary filter 2-1, the first medium effeciency filter 3- 1, the first Electric air valve 4-1, heat regenerator 5, and after being mixed with the indoor clean return air in the part air returning valve 6-1 through heat exchanger 7 and Double speed pressure fan 8-2 is sent into indoor.Indoor return air is successively divided to two through the second primary filter 2-2, return fan 8-1 by backwind tube 11 Road air-supply: all the way return air with after the fresh air of heat regenerator 5 mix feeding interior, another way return air is through exhaust valve 6-2, recuperation of heat Device 5 and air-exhausting duct 13 are discharged.
Slight pollution operating condition outside S3, winter and summer room, includes the following steps:
Second Electric air valve 4-2 of the linkage of PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 is opened, and the first Electric air valve 4-1 is closed, while air draft Valve 6-2 is opened, and air returning valve 6-1 is closed;Outdoor fresh air is by the first fresh wind tube 9 successively through the second medium effeciency filter 3-2, second electronic Air-valve 4-2 is sent into indoor through 5 recovery section air draft energy of heat regenerator by heat exchanger 7 and double speed pressure fan 8-2.Interior is returned Wind is by backwind tube 11 successively through the second primary filter 2-2, return fan 8-1,13 row of exhaust valve 6-2, heat regenerator 5 and air-exhausting duct Out.
Serious pollution operating condition outside S4, winter and summer room, includes the following steps:
First Electric air valve 4-1 of the linkage of PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 is opened, and the second Electric air valve 4-2 is closed, for air-conditioning Energy conservation, air returning valve 6-1, exhaust valve 6-2 are opened;Outdoor fresh air is by the first fresh wind tube 9 successively through the first primary filter 2-1, One medium effeciency filter 3-1, the first Electric air valve 4-1, it is indoor clean with the part air returning valve 6-1 through 5 recovery section energy of heat regenerator Interior is sent into through heat exchanger 7 and double speed pressure fan 8-2 after net return air mixing.Indoor return air as backwind tube 11 successively through second at the beginning of Effect filter 2-2, return fan 8-1 divide two-way to blow: return air and the feeding interior after the fresh air of heat regenerator 5 mix all the way, separately Return air is discharged through exhaust valve 6-2, heat regenerator 5 and air-exhausting duct 13 all the way.
S5, outdoor serious pollution operating condition, include the following steps:
Outdoor serious pollution operating condition, the linkage of PM2.5 concentration inductor 1 first Electric air valve 4-1, the second Electric air valve 4-2 It closes, while exhaust valve 6-2 is closed, air returning valve 6-1 is opened, and return fan 8-1 is closed;Indoor return air is by backwind tube 11 successively through Two primary filter 2-2, air returning valve 6-1, heat exchanger 7 and double speed pressure fan 8-2 are sent into interior, run in interior loop control room PM2.5 concentration.
Embodiment one: certain room is run using the air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in the utility model control room in transition season, Room area 100m2, the high 3.0m of layer, fresh air volume Qf=80m3/h, return air amount is Qh=520m3/h, total blast volume Qz= 600m3/h;Indoor PM2.5 controlled concentration is no more than 0.075mg/m3, and the first primary filter 2-1 is 10%, and second just imitated Filter 2-2PM2.5 filter efficiency is 30%, and the first medium effeciency filter 3-1, the second medium effeciency filter 3-2PM2.5 filter efficiency are 50%.During operation, outdoor PM2.5 concentration changes the utility model between 0.1-0.5mg/m3.Fig. 2 is the utility model With PM2.5 concentration value comparison diagram in conventional purge air-conditioning system room, it is seen then that the indoor PM2.5 concentration of the utility model is lower than biography System air cleaning and conditioning system plays preferable filtration to the control of indoor PM2.5 concentration, when outdoor PM2.5 concentration is in 0.1- When changing between 0.37mg/m3, serious pollution operating condition outside transition season room is opened;When outdoor PM2.5 concentration is in 0.37-0.5mg/ When changing between m3, seriously pollution operating condition, indoor PM2.5 concentration can meet no more than 0.075mg/m3 requirement outside opening chamber.
The embodiments of the present invention are described above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the utility model is not limited to The specific embodiment stated, the above mentioned embodiment is only schematical, rather than restrictive, this field it is common Technical staff is not departing from the utility model aims and scope of the claimed protection situation under the enlightenment of the utility model Under, many forms can be also made, these are belonged within the protection of the utility model.

Claims (1)

1. the air conditioner that PM2.5 pollutes in a kind of control room, which is characterized in that including the first fresh wind tube, the second fresh wind tube, third Fresh wind tube, backwind tube, air supply tube, air-exhausting duct and heat regenerator are provided with PM2.5 concentration inductor in first fresh wind tube, The first primary filter, the first medium effeciency filter, the first Electric air valve are set gradually in second fresh wind tube, the third is new Set gradually the second medium effeciency filter, the second Electric air valve in air hose, the PM2.5 concentration inductor respectively with the first electronic wind Valve, the second Electric air valve chain control,
Be disposed with the second primary filter, return fan, air returning valve and exhaust valve in the backwind tube, in the air supply tube according to Secondary setting heat exchanger, double speed pressure fan,
First fresh wind tube is connected with the second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube respectively, the second fresh wind tube, third fresh wind tube and heat Recover is connected, and heat regenerator is also connected with backwind tube, air supply tube and air-exhausting duct.
CN201821153671.1U 2018-07-20 2018-07-20 The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room Active CN208779628U (en)

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CN201821153671.1U CN208779628U (en) 2018-07-20 2018-07-20 The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821153671.1U CN208779628U (en) 2018-07-20 2018-07-20 The air conditioner of PM2.5 pollution in a kind of control room

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CN208779628U true CN208779628U (en) 2019-04-23

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108613323A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-02 中交第二航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 The air conditioner and its control method of PM2.5 pollutions in a kind of control room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108613323A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-02 中交第二航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 The air conditioner and its control method of PM2.5 pollutions in a kind of control room

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