CN208771828U - A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device - Google Patents

A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208771828U
CN208771828U CN201820974484.3U CN201820974484U CN208771828U CN 208771828 U CN208771828 U CN 208771828U CN 201820974484 U CN201820974484 U CN 201820974484U CN 208771828 U CN208771828 U CN 208771828U
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cylinder
groove
sieve plate
sleeve
sieve
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CN201820974484.3U
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Inventor
李文昭
颜雄
赵君
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Zunyi Normal University
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Zunyi Normal University
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Abstract

This application discloses a kind of soil agreegates of wet type soil separation technology field to be classified wet screening device, including pedestal, outer sleeve and anti-jamming mechanism, support shaft of the pedestal equipped with cylinder and straight up, outer sleeve is fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder, the inner cylinder of several bottom seals is equipped in outer sleeve, it is equipped with center in inner cylinder and is supported the perforative sieve plate of axis, sieve plate is connect with support shaft spiral, sieve plate is equipped with several sieve pores, the outer wall of inner cylinder is equipped with inside groove, outer groove is correspondingly provided on the inner wall of outer sleeve, ball is equipped between inside groove and outer groove, ball is slidably connected with inside groove and outer groove.This programme solves the problems, such as that the prior art is easy blocking sieve pore when carrying out wet screening screening soil agreegate.

Description

A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device
Technical field
The utility model relates to wet type soil separation technology fields, and in particular to a kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening dress It sets.
Background technique
Soil agreegate is the important component of soil disciplinary study, to soil texture, soil nutrient and moisture and The upgrowth situation of its crop has a great impact, therefore is the important indicator of soil fertility and structure.The grouping of soil agreegate Method has dry screen, wet screening and sedimentation etc. at present, and is widely used the most with wet screening.It is existing that soil is screened with wet screening When, water was not usually had into pedotheque after processing, then hold sieve with hand, and vibrated up and down sieve and come to soil It is screened, what such mode was difficult to accurately control sieve moves up and down distance, it is also difficult to control the travel frequency of sieve;And And sieve pore is easy to be blocked in screening process.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended to provide a kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device, is carrying out wet screening to solve the prior art Method is easy the problem of blocking sieve pore when screening soil agreegate.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides the following technical solutions: a kind of soil agreegate classification is wet Screen device, including pedestal, outer sleeve and anti-jamming mechanism, support shaft of the pedestal equipped with cylinder and straight up are described outer Sleeve is fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder, the interior inner cylinder for being equipped with several bottom seals of the outer sleeve, in the inner cylinder It is supported the perforative sieve plate of axis equipped with center, the sieve plate is connect with support shaft spiral, and the sieve plate is equipped with several sieve pores, institute The outer wall circumferential direction for stating inner cylinder is equipped with inside groove, is correspondingly provided with outer groove on the inner wall of the outer sleeve, the inside groove and outer groove it Between be equipped with for providing the ball of support force to inner cylinder, the ball is slidably connected with inside groove and outer groove, the anti-blockage machine Structure includes fixing bearing, sliding rail and air bag, and in support shaft, the sliding rail is fixed on sieve plate the fixing bearing fixing sleeve, The sliding rail is equipped with the sliding block being slidably connected with sliding rail, and connecting rod, institute are equipped between the sliding block and the outer wall of fixing bearing The outer wall and sliding block for stating connecting rod and fixing bearing are articulated and connected, and one end and the sliding block of the air bag are fixed, air bag it is another End is fixedly connected with sliding rail, and several tracheaes are uniformly communicated on the air bag.
Working principle of the utility model is: when carrying out the screening of soil agreegate using the device in this programme, it first will be quasi- The soil sample got ready is poured on the sieve plate on inner cylinder, so that soil sample is crossed in water logging, starts cylinder, so that connecting with cylinder The outer sleeve that connects moves up and down, because the inner wall of outer sleeve is equipped with outer groove, the outer wall of inner cylinder is equipped with inside groove, inside groove and outer The ball that power is provided a supporting role for inner cylinder is equipped between slot, such outer sleeve, which just will drive inner cylinder also, can do fortune up and down Dynamic, the sieve plate in inner cylinder also just moves up and down, because the support shaft on pedestal runs through the center of sieve plate, and support shaft and sieve plate It is threadedly coupled, so sieve plate will be rotating up and down motion, but because being equipped with ball between inner cylinder and outer sleeve, within institute The rotation of cylinder can't pass to outer sleeve, only ball can be made to rotate in inside groove and outer groove, because support shaft is equipped with Fixing bearing, the outer wall of fixing bearing are hinged with connecting rod, and connecting rod is again hinged with the sliding block that can slide on the slide rail, air bag One end is fixed with sliding block, and the other end of air bag is fixedly connected with sliding rail, and tracheae diagonally downward is uniformly communicated on air bag, so When sieve plate moves up and down, sliding block will constantly compress and stretch air bag, and the water in such air bag will pass through tracheae It sprays, the soil agreegate for allowing to block sieve pore is rolled, and this prevents sieve pores to be plugged.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects: 1, this programme is by being arranged ball come so that outer between inner cylinder and outer sleeve Sleeve can drive inner cylinder or more, and inner cylinder cannot but drive outer sleeve to rotate, and can be achieved with being rotated up and down for inner cylinder in this way Movement;2, this programme is by sliding sliding block during up and down motion, and because outer with the fixing bearing in support shaft Wall is hinged, moves synchronously so can be realized with sieve plate, and continuous extruding gasbag during the motion, so that the water in air bag It sprays, to the formation of the agglomerates impact force of blocking sieve pore, can prevent aggregate from blocking sieve pore.
It is the optimization to basic technology scheme below:
Further, the bottom of the inner cylinder is equipped with several apopores, and the size of the apopore is equal to minimum sieve pore Diameter.In this way after being sieved with wet screening to soil agreegate, convenient for the discharge of water.
Further, the quantity of the connecting rod is two, is respectively provided at the two sides of support shaft.Increase the number of connecting rod Amount, so that the quantity of air bag also will increase, increases in this way from the water being intratracheally extruded, it is ensured that anticlogging effect.
Further, the direction of the tracheae is diagonally downward.It, will after water in this way in air bag comes out from tracheae Floor lever of sieve tray is directly acted on, anticlogging effect is also better.
Further, the sieve plate is equipped with two layers of endless screen vertical with sieve plate, and the ring close to sieve plate center The size of the sieve pore of shape sieve is greater than the screen size of another endless screen.The group remoter from sieve plate center can to reach in this way Aggressiveness partial size is smaller, and the centrifugal force being subject to is also just smaller, reduces the speed of the aggregate at sieve plate edge, keeps screening more careful.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that a kind of soil agreegate of the utility model is classified wet screening device.
Specific embodiment
It is further described below by specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: outer sleeve 1, ball 2, inner cylinder 3, air bag 4, sliding block 5, sieve plate 6, gas Cylinder 7, pedestal 8, apopore 9, support shaft 10, connecting rod 11, fixing bearing 12.
Embodiment is substantially as shown in Figure 1:
Specific implementation process is as follows: a kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device, including pedestal 8, outer sleeve 1 and anti-blockage machine Structure, support shaft 10 of the pedestal 8 equipped with cylinder 7 and straight up, outer sleeve 1 are fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder 7, outer sleeve The inner cylinder 3 of bottom seal is equipped in 1, the bottom of inner cylinder 3 is equipped with several apopores 9, is equipped with center in inner cylinder 3 and is propped up Support the perforative sieve plate 6 of axis 10, the size of apopore 9 is equal to the minimum diameter of sieve pore on sieve plate, sieve plate 6 with 10 spiral of support shaft Connection, sieve plate 6 are equipped with several sieve pores, and sieve plate 6 is equipped with two layers of endless screen vertical with sieve plate 6, and close to 6 center of sieve plate The slot size of endless screen be greater than the slot size of another endless screen, the outer wall circumferential direction of inner cylinder 3 is equipped with inside groove, outside It is correspondingly provided with outer groove on the inner wall of sleeve 1, is equipped between inside groove and outer groove for providing the ball 2 of support force, circle to inner cylinder 3 Ball 2 is slidably connected with inside groove and outer groove, and ball 2 is limited in sliding in inside groove and outer groove, and anti-jamming mechanism includes fixing bearing 12, sliding rail and air bag 4, in support shaft 10, sliding rail is fixed on sieve plate 6 12 fixing sleeve of fixing bearing, and sliding rail is equipped with and cunning The sliding block 5 that rail is slidably connected is equipped with connecting rod 11, connecting rod 11 and fixing bearing between sliding block 5 and the outer wall of fixing bearing 12 12 outer wall and sliding block 5 is articulated and connected, and one end of air bag 4 and sliding block 5 are fixed, and the other end of air bag 4 is fixedly connected with sliding rail, Several tracheaes are uniformly communicated on air bag 4, the quantity of connecting rod 11, sliding block 5, sliding rail and air bag 4 is two in the present embodiment It is a, it is symmetrical arranged about support shaft 10.
When carrying out the screening of soil agreegate using the device in this programme, first ready soil sample is poured into interior On sieve plate 6 on cylinder 3, so that soil sample is crossed in water logging, start cylinder 7, so that about 1 outer sleeve connecting with cylinder 7 is transported Dynamic, because the inner wall of outer sleeve 1 is equipped with outer groove, the outer wall of inner cylinder 3 is equipped with inside groove, ball is equipped between inside groove and outer groove 2, such outer sleeve 1 just will drive inner cylinder 3 and also move up and down, and the sieve plate 6 in inner cylinder 3 also just moves up and down, because of bottom Support shaft 10 on seat 8 runs through the center of sieve plate 6, and support shaft 10 is threadedly coupled with sieve plate 6, so sieve plate 6 will be rotating It moves up and down, but because being equipped with ball 2 between inner cylinder 3 and outer sleeve 1, the rotation of inner cylinder 3 can't be passed to Outer sleeve 1 only can make ball 2 rotate in inside groove and outer groove, because support shaft 10 is equipped with fixing bearing 12, fixing bearing 12 outer wall is hinged with connecting rod 11, and connecting rod 11 is again hinged with the sliding block 5 that can slide on the slide rail, one end of air bag 4 and cunning Block 5 is fixed, and the other end of air bag 4 is fixedly connected with sliding rail, tracheae diagonally downward is uniformly communicated on air bag 4, so sieving When plate 6 moves up and down, sliding block 5 will constantly compress and stretch air bag 4, and the water in such air bag 4 will pass through difference The tracheae of direction sprays, and the soil agreegate for allowing to block sieve pore is rolled, and this prevents sieve pores to be plugged, During screening, sieve plate 6 is equipped with two layers of endless screen vertical with sieve plate 6, can make to reach in this way and get over from 6 center of sieve plate Remote aggregation size is smaller, and the centrifugal force being subject to is also just smaller, while needing that gravity and frictional force work done is overcome just to become Greatly, the speed that can reduce the aggregate at 6 edge of sieve plate, keeps screening effect more preferable.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of soil agreegate is classified wet screening device, it is characterised in that: including pedestal, outer sleeve and anti-jamming mechanism, the bottom Support shaft of the seat equipped with cylinder and straight up, the outer sleeve is fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder, in the outer sleeve Inner cylinder equipped with several bottom seals, the interior center that is equipped with of the inner cylinder are supported the perforative sieve plate of axis, the sieve plate and branch The connection of axis spiral is supportted, the sieve plate is equipped with several sieve pores, and the outer wall circumferential direction of the inner cylinder is equipped with inside groove, the outer sleeve Inner wall on be correspondingly provided with outer groove, between the inside groove and outer groove be equipped with for inner cylinder provide support force ball, it is described Ball is slidably connected with inside groove and outer groove, and the anti-jamming mechanism includes fixing bearing, sliding rail and air bag, and the fixing bearing is solid Surely it covers in support shaft, the sliding rail is fixed on sieve plate, and the sliding rail is equipped with the sliding block being slidably connected with sliding rail, the cunning Connecting rod is equipped between block and the outer wall of fixing bearing, the outer wall and sliding block of the connecting rod and fixing bearing are articulated and connected, One end of the air bag is fixed with sliding block, and the other end of air bag is fixedly connected with sliding rail, is uniformly communicated on the air bag several Tracheae.
2. a kind of soil agreegate according to claim 1 is classified wet screening device, it is characterised in that: the bottom of the inner cylinder Portion is equipped with several apopores, and the size of the apopore is equal to the diameter of minimum sieve pore.
3. a kind of soil agreegate according to claim 2 is classified wet screening device, it is characterised in that: the number of the connecting rod Amount is two, is respectively provided at the two sides of support shaft.
4. a kind of soil agreegate according to claim 3 is classified wet screening device, it is characterised in that: the direction of the tracheae Direction is diagonally downward.
5. a kind of soil agreegate according to claim 4 is classified wet screening device, it is characterised in that: the sieve plate is equipped with Two layers of endless screen vertical with sieve plate, and it is greater than another ring-type close to the size of the sieve pore of the endless screen at sieve plate center The screen size of sieve.
CN201820974484.3U 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device Active CN208771828U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820974484.3U CN208771828U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820974484.3U CN208771828U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of soil agreegate classification wet screening device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208771828U true CN208771828U (en) 2019-04-23

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112139009A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-12-29 丰泽区创智工业设计服务部 Anti-blocking screening device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112139009A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-12-29 丰泽区创智工业设计服务部 Anti-blocking screening device
CN112139009B (en) * 2020-08-28 2021-10-26 泉州市创智工业设计服务有限公司 Anti-blocking screening device

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