CN208715418U - A kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear - Google PatentsA kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear Download PDF
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- CN208715418U CN208715418U CN201821241576.7U CN201821241576U CN208715418U CN 208715418 U CN208715418 U CN 208715418U CN 201821241576 U CN201821241576 U CN 201821241576U CN 208715418 U CN208715418 U CN 208715418U
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The utility model discloses a kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gears, this programme relates generally to gantry crane module, carrier module and swinging frame, gantry crane module are integrally erected on boat-carrying platform cantilever side, and can be swung between inner and outer on the quarter；Carrier module is connect with platform, and perpendicular to platform outside and can rotate at least 90 degree relative to platform；Swinging frame is arranged in gantry crane module.This programme equips the prospecting hung on boat-carrying platform into water and water outlet by the overturning of the Integral swinging of gantry crane module and carrier module, and small restriction that by the wind the wave is high effectively solves the problems of prior art.Scheme compact overall structure provided by the utility model, occupancy platform space is small, hangs process not by sea situation wave effect, can be used for the folding and unfolding of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment.
The utility model relates to marine engineering exploration equipment technologies, and in particular to reconnoitre for geotechnical engineering ship borne type platform Equipment hangs technology.
Coastal waters geotechnical engineering investigation mainly uses drill sampling or in-situ test, need to be equipped using seafari, such as sea bed Formula static contact-detection machine, intelligent bore join instrument, marine rig, submarine cone/brill all-in-one machine etc..These equipments usually rely on work shipping Operating location is downloaded to then to be hung by jack to sea bed after anchoring positioning, come into effect prospecting.Operation is completed Afterwards, then by jack it is recycled on boat-carrying platform, implements transition, repeat this process, until the prospecting of full wafer sea area is completed.It is existing Some marine engineering prospectings generally use ship borne type platform, and (the mobile drilling platform innovation of Hu Jianping sea ship borne type and application, are visited Miner's journey, 2014,41 (9): 52-57.), since ship makees random rolling, pitching and elevating movement with wave, on boat-carrying platform Crane folding and unfolding exploration equipment is easily affected by this, and especially equips rocking in water and exiting water process, easily cause equipment and ship or It is collided between boat-carrying platform, gently then equipment is impaired, safety that is heavy then threatening operating personnel.
For these problems, some solutions are also given in the prior art.Such as, application publication number is The Chinese utility model patent application of CN102506934A discloses " one kind lays recovery test platform ", is controlled by computer System implements motor steering, lays, recycles and speed is adjusted, to reach intelligent control capstan winch, realizes and optimizes in marine environment Lay the function with reclaimer operation.For another example, application publication number is that the Chinese utility model patent application of CN106697235A discloses A kind of small-sized " the A frame extension and retraction system of underwater robot ", the system by: pedestal, hydraulic cylinder, shackle plate, pulley etc. form, can Realize folding and unfolding to underwater robot, door frame has an a certain range of amplitude of oscillation, avoidable to be touched when equipping into water with operation ship It hits.But there is hang space, equipment weight (general several tons to tens tons ranges), application for folding structure disclosed in said two devices The limitation of range etc. is unable to satisfy the demand that offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment is hung.
Furthermore above-mentioned similar techniques also appear in disclosed document, and such as " design of A shape posture submersible extension and retraction system is ground Study carefully " (Liu Xiangchun ship .2007,10 (5): 52-57.) elaborate it is a kind of under severe sea condition, be exclusively used in submersible be lauched with Recovery system, which is made of A shape door frame, swinging frame, winch, expansion bracket, docking facilities, hydraulic power etc., to overcome ship Body movement causes swinging frame vertical state to swing, and buffer damping hydraulic cylinder is arranged between swinging frame and A shape door frame crossbeam, The impact generated to submersible is waved to reduce lash ship.But the system requirements platform space is big, door frame is sufficiently high, need to be equipped with slow The ancillary equipments such as damping, orientation adjusting, compensation of undulation are rushed, there should be boring tower (hanger) high with the prospecting of offshore engineering ship borne type platform Spending that low, transplantability is strong, installation is convenient, construction cost is low etc. is not consistent.
As the basic engineerings such as China sea waterwork, sea-crossing bridge tunnel, coast defence engineering require constantly to be promoted, sea prospecting Also there are multiple types in equipment, as the RD2 drilling machine of BGS company, Britain, the MeBo drilling machine of Marum company, Germany, China develop All kinds of seabed drilling machines such as YHZ-1 type and in-situ test equipment etc., this just needs a kind of for the general prospecting of ship borne type platform Folding and unfolding integrated apparatus is equipped, meets the needs of water transport construction prospecting equipment technology progress.
Utility model content
For the problems of exploration equipment folding and unfolding scheme in existing marine engineering prospecting ship borne type platform, one kind is needed The new exploration equipment folding and unfolding scheme for marine engineering prospecting ship borne type platform, with meet water transport construction prospecting equipment technology into The demand of step.
For this purpose, the problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipments to receive Device is put, the problems of prior art is thus overcome.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, offshore engineering ship borne type platform provided by the utility model prospecting equipment folding and unfolding dress It sets, comprising:
Gantry crane module, the gantry crane module are integrally erected on ship borne type platform cantilever side, and can on the quarter inside with it is outer It is swung between side；
Carrier module, the carrier module are spindle rotationally arranged on ship borne type platform relative to gantry crane module, and vertical It is distributed on the outside of ship borne type platform, the carrier module can overturn at least 90 degree relative to ship borne type platform；
Swinging frame, the swinging frame are placed in gantry crane module, and are swung with gantry crane module.
Further, the draw off gear further includes a placement leading truck, and the placement leading truck setting is flat in ship borne type On platform, and cooperate with gantry crane module and carrier module.
Further, the gantry crane module mainly includes hanging beam, gantry crane bracket, gantry crane pedestal and hydraulic lift, The hanging beam is fixed at the top of gantry crane bracket, and the lower section of gantry crane bracket and gantry crane pedestal are hinged, the hydraulic lifting dress It installs on gantry crane pedestal, and drives connected gantry crane bracket, form integrated gantry crane module, wherein hydraulic lifting fills Setting, which can drive gantry crane supporting band to move hanging beam, is swung on gantry crane pedestal around articulated section.
Further, it is equipped with and marks time on the gantry crane bracket.
Further, the carrier module includes bracket, movable plate, bracket leg and bearer carrier, and the bracket is symmetrical Setting in movable plate two sides；The top of each bracket is rotatably placed on the outside of ship borne type platform by bearer carrier, and phase For ship borne type platform vertical distribution；Bracket leg is additionally provided on the top of each bracket, the bracket leg is led by external force Drawing can drive bracket to be rotated at least 90 degree relative to ship borne type platform around bearer carrier together with movable plate.
Further, it is connected between the movable plate and bracket using detachable structure.
Further, several balls is distributed on the movable plate or/and bracket.
Further, the carrier module further includes pulling equipment, and the pulling equipment is arranged on ship borne type platform, is led to Cross the bracket leg or/and movable plate in traction rope and corresponding guiding mechanism connecting bracket.
Further, the swinging frame includes head pulley, pulley spindle, bearing, steel wire and pulley base, and the head pulley is solid It is scheduled on pulley spindle, the both ends of pulley spindle pass through bearing respectively and connect with pulley base, and the pulley base is fixed in gantry crane module Hanging beam below, one end of the steel wire passes through head pulley, and the other end is passed through from the gantry crane bracket in gantry crane module, and is connected To pulling equipment.
It further, further include time pulley in the swinging frame, the secondary pulley is fixed on pulley spindle, is used for and drilling rod Frame cooperation is used to match with drilling equipment.
Further, oriented module is additionally provided in the swinging frame, the oriented module is distributed in gantry crane bracket, and Formation guiding is moved towards to steel wire with steel wire cooperation.
Draw off gear is equipped in prospecting provided by the utility model, and gantry crane space is big, capacity of anti-storm is strong, meets marine original Bit test or underwater hanging for drilling equipment require with recycling；The apparatus structure is compact, occupies little space, and meets container fortune It is defeated；The device has versatility in industry on boat-carrying platform and portable, and maintenance is convenient.
Furthermore prospecting equipment folding and unfolding scheme provided by the utility model in use, also have such as compared with the existing technology Lower advantage:
(1) draw off gear using bracket overturn structure, make the prospecting hung on boat-carrying platform equip into water and water outlet, not by The restriction of stormy waves size；
(2) using low gantry crane, the folding and unfolding navigation designing of low cost, high safety, realize that gantry crane space efficiency maximizes；
(3) swing of door frame is realized using hydraulic lifting mode, it is ensured that folding and unfolding Process Equipment does not collide with hull；
(4) modularization independent design is used in this draw off gear, is assembled on demand, can be used for existing ship borne type platform probing Sampling and all kinds of in-situ tests.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a kind of main body of the offshore engineering ship borne type platform integration draw off gear provided in the example of the utility model Structure (bracket is in plumbness) schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is main structure (bracket is in horizontality) signal of integrated draw off gear in the example of the utility model Figure；
Fig. 3 is that the positive structure diagram set is disguised in integrated folding and unfolding in the example of the utility model；
Fig. 4 is wirerope lifting equipment steel wire guiding figure in the example of the utility model；
Fig. 5 is carrier structure schematic diagram in the example of the utility model；
Fig. 6 is to hang operation schematic diagram in the example of the utility model.
10 hanging beams；11 auxiliary pulley；12 head pulleys；13 stiffeners；
14 gantry crane brackets；15 hinged seats；16 hydraulic legs；17 hydraulic cylinders；
18 gantry crane pedestals；19 mark time；20 bracket lifting lugs；21 bracket legs；
22 brackets；23 pin shafts；24 bearer carriers；25 racks for rods；
26 fixed rings；30 balls；31 fixed frames；32 head pulley steel wires；
33 bracket steel wires；34 fixed pulleys；35 directive wheels；Notch on 36；
37 lower notches；38 pulley spindles；39 ball bearings；40 pulley bases；
41 platforms；42 moon pools；43 movable plates；44 bearer carriers；
45 winches；46 tongues；47 grooves；48 workboats.
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, creative features, achievement of purpose, and effectiveness of the utility model, under Face combines and is specifically illustrating, and the utility model is further described.
For the ease of being clearly understood that this example approach, it is being specifically described example approach, may first related to in this example approach And to technical term be illustrated.
In this example, prospecting refers to exploration sampling or in-situ test, wherein in-situ test refers to live vane-shear examination It tests, circular cone dynamic sounding test, standard penetration test (SPT), cone penetration test, lateral loading test, Flat Dilatometer Test, wave velocity testing One of or it is a variety of, be referred to as in-situ test.
Exploration sampling refers in a certain depth bounds of surface of stratum, the physics and mechanical characteristic of Rock And Soil must be found out, using taking The means of sample obtain sample.
Platform, which refers to, forms bracket using common ship (amateur ship) installation fashioned iron, channel steel, is then laid with ground on bracket Plate is specifically built for reconnoitring job platform and can be found in document " the mobile drilling platform innovation of marine ship borne type and application " (mine locating Engineering, 2014,41 (9)), " offshore engineering exploration sampling new technology and new process " (Chinese port and harbour construction, 2013 (12)).
Prospecting equipment or equipment refer to drilling machine, in-situ test equipment and dedicated platform based on sea bed, such as: China University of Geosciences The YHZ-1 type subsea remote control sampler drill of the developments such as Yan Taining, for another example: Holland (A.P.Van denberg B.V.) ROSON- 40kN type seabed CPT equipment, the U.S. (Williamson&Associates) BMS serial equipment etc.；For another example: Chinese utility model Disclosed in application publication number CN106437698A " for exploring the underwater platform and its application method of sampling or in-situ test " Underwater platform, the device in this programme can be used for these equipments or dedicated platform sea is hung.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 which shows the one of the offshore engineering ship borne type platform integration draw off gear that this example provides Kind exemplary diagram.
The boat-carrying platform 41 being related in the present apparatus is whole to be placed on the deck of workboat 48 (as shown in Figure 3), the ship Corresponding moon pool 42 is offered on carrying platform 41, is formed with outstanding side arm in 42 two sides of moon pool.It is specific for the boat-carrying platform 41 such as What is built, and the prior art can be used, will not be repeated here herein.
As seen from the figure, this draw off gear is mainly mutual by components such as gantry crane module, oriented module, carrier module, swinging frames Combination is constituted, and is distributed and is erected at boat-carrying platform 41 and hangs on side arm.
Wherein, gantry crane module is integrally erected on ship borne type platform cantilever side, and can be put between inner and outer on the quarter It is dynamic, to be equipped for folding and unfolding ocean exploration.
Referring to Fig. 3, gantry crane module is mainly by hanging beam 10, two gantry crane brackets 14, gantry crane pedestal 18 and hydraulic in this example Cylinder 17, which cooperates, to be constituted.
Each 14 top of gantry crane bracket and the both ends of hanging beam 10 pass through 13 bolt of stiffener consolidation respectively and are connected to form one Change gantry crane；Each 14 lower section of gantry crane bracket is connect by pin shaft 23 and hinged seat with 18 pin shaft of gantry crane pedestal respectively, each gantry crane Pedestal 18 is located and is fixed on unilateral 41 cantilever of platform, so that the gantry crane of one is integrally erected at 41 cantilever side of boat-carrying platform On, and can be rotated on gantry crane pedestal 18 around pin shaft 23, it is swung between outside to can realize on the quarter.
Hydraulic cylinder 17 and hydraulic leg 16 cooperate the corresponding hydraulic lift of compositions, and integrally it is corresponding be placed in it is each On gantry crane pedestal 18, while the hydraulic lift is also drivingly connected the gantry crane bracket 14 being placed on gantry crane pedestal 18, thus Gantry crane is linked into an integrated entity, and driving force is provided, is swung back and forth with driving integrated door to be hung on gantry crane pedestal 18, i.e., in fact It is swung between outside in present ship side.
Specifically, being respectively equipped with 1 hydraulic leg 16 on each gantry crane pedestal 18, which passes through hinge Joint chair 15 and pin shaft are connect with gantry crane bracket 14, and 16 lower end of hydraulic leg is passed through hinge by 17 elevating control of hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder 17 Joint chair 15 and pin shaft 23 are fixed on gantry crane pedestal 18, and the hydraulic lift thus constituted can be driven by hydraulic lifting Gantry crane lifts by crane equipment on platform has the function of inside and outside side oscillation on the quarter.
Furthermore this example is both provided on each gantry crane bracket 14 marks time 19 accordingly, to install and to repair.Together When, the whole supporting structure that inner hollow can be used of the gantry crane bracket 14 can drop in this way in the case where guaranteeing sufficient intensity Low weight is easily installed and uses and reduce cost.
On the basis of above-mentioned gantry crane module scheme, this example on job platform 41, places one below the gantry crane module It places leading truck and is used to place the prospecting equipment prepared to hang on sea bed.The placement is directed to by fixed frame 31 and several balls The rectangle rack structure of 30 compositions, several balls 30 are arranged on fixed frame 31 accordingly, the prospecting being conveniently placed on fixed frame 31 Equipment is moved.How ball 30 is specifically arranged, depending on actual needs.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, swinging frame and oriented module in the present apparatus cooperate, and are placed in gantry crane module, have been used for At specific traction or lifting operation.
Wherein, swinging frame is mainly constituted with head pulley 12, auxiliary pulley 11 and pulley spindle 38, and the two of pulley spindle 38 End is placed in pulley base 40 by ball bearing 39 respectively, and pulley base 40 is bolted on the lower section of hanging beam 10.It is main Pulley 12 will be fixed on pulley spindle 38 by fixed ring 26, for lifting by crane marine settings；And auxiliary pulley 11 corresponds to head pulley 12, it is equally fixed on pulley spindle 38 by fixed ring 26, which is used to the cooperation of rack for rods 25 and creeps on platform Coordinative composition of equipments uses, and if hoist engine passes through time pulley lifting drilling rod on drilling machine, rack for rods is used to put the drilling rod of several settings.
This example is arranged on hanging beam 10 in rack for rods 25, for placing several drilling rods, after screw thread screws between drilling rod Spreading, drilling rod one end pass through rack for rods, and the other end is erected on platform (as shown in Figure 2).
The swinging frame of such structure is equipped with steel wire 32 in head pulley 12 thereon, and the steel wire 32 is by being arranged in gantry crane The guiding of upper oriented module is connect with the pulling winch 45 on platform 41.
Oriented module in this example is mainly disposed in the gantry crane bracket 14 in gantry crane module, to winch steel wire on platform 32 move towards effectively to be oriented to so that passed through from gantry crane bracket 14 from steel wire 32, cooperate respectively with head pulley 12 and with it is flat Winch connection on platform, makes the equipment hung collide from wirerope and contact friction in this way；Keep gantry crane space maximumlly real Now reconnoitre the folding and unfolding of equipment.
Referring to fig. 4, this oriented module is mainly constituted with two directive wheels 35 and a fixed pulley 34.Specifically it is being arranged When, select the gantry crane bracket 14 of side inner hollow in gantry crane as guide channel.Medial surface at 14 top of gantry crane bracket On offer notch 36, while offering lower notch on the side in winch direction on 14 bottom object platform of gantry crane bracket 37；On this basis, two directive wheels 35 are placed in the inside of gantry crane bracket 14, and respectively with thereon upper notch 36 and under Notch 37 is corresponding, and fixed pulley 34 is placed on platform 41, and be located at winch 45 and between lower notch 37.
Oriented module thus set enables to the trend of winch steel wire 32 on platform to be oriented to, successively via determining cunning Wheel 34 and lower notch 37 enter inside gantry crane bracket 14, by the first directive wheel 35 turn to along gantry crane bracket 14 upwards until Second directive wheel 35, then be pierced by via the guiding of second directive wheel 35 on top from upper notch 36, then directly through head pulley 12.
In this way through swinging frame when carrying out prospecting equipment lifting with oriented module cooperation, the lifting for reconnoitring equipment is successively passed through Cross vertically to head pulley 12, steel wire 32, be oriented to using 2 directive wheels 35 in horizontal direction to gantry crane bracket 14, and pass through flat Make between limited platform space winch cable and equipment to winch 45 without impinging on (participating in Fig. 4) after fixed pulley 34 on platform 41.
Referring to Fig. 5 which shows the exemplary construction of carrier module in this example.It is flat that the carrier module is integrally attached to boat-carrying Platform 41 hangs on side arm, and vertical distribution is on the outside of ship borne type platform；The carrier module can also be overturn relative to ship borne type platform to It is 90 degree few.The carrier module of such setting is used to cooperate with above-mentioned gantry crane module, on the outside of boat-carrying platform to carry out lifting or The prospecting equipment for entering water carries out Auxiliary support, and drives the water outlet of prospecting equipment by the overturning of itself or enter water, to make boat-carrying The prospecting hung on platform is equipped into water and water outlet, small restriction that by the wind the wave is high.
As seen from the figure, a whole set of bracket system (i.e. carrier module) includes two brackets 22 and bracket movable plate 43, two brackets 22 are symmetrically arranged in the two sides of bracket movable plate 43, and bracket movable plate 43 can be removed relative to bracket 22.
The L-shaped structure in the generally cross section of bracket 22 in this bracket system, and several top surfaces are provided with as circle The support plate of arc is provided with several balls on the arc-shaped top surface of every piece of support plate.Length of these support plates along bracket 22 Spend direction successively and column distribution, arc-shaped top surface is successively thereon and column distribution cooperatively forms the supporting surface of bracket 22.For each The setting of ball in support plate is preferably set in the middle and upper part of the arc-shaped top surface of support plate and the bottom that contacts with 22 bottom surface of bracket Set corresponding ball.
The top of the bracket 22 is provided with arc-shaped bracket leg 21, and the top of the bracket leg 21 is provided with accordingly Bracket lifting lug 20 is used for connecting bracket steel wire 33.Furthermore fluted 47 are arranged on the inner side end of bracket 22, is used for and movement Plate 43 cooperates.
The generally slab construction of bracket movable plate 43 in this bracket system, top are provided with a pair of of lifting lug 20, upper surface It is provided with several balls, these balls preferably use entire column type distribution setting；Furthermore the two sides of bracket movable plate 43 are provided with The groove 47 of corresponding tongue 46,22 inside of the tongue 46 and bracket cooperates.
In this way, fixed setting bearer carrier 24 on side arm lateral surface is hanged in boat-carrying platform 41, and the top of bracket 22 passes through pin Axis 23 and bearer carrier 24 are fixed, so that symmetrical 41 outside of boat-carrying platform of two bracket 22, and it is vertical with boat-carrying platform 41； Furthermore movable plate 43 is fixed among bracket 22 using tongue and groove, a whole set of bracket system is consequently formed.
The a whole set of bracket system formed accordingly is turnover perpendicular to 41 outside of boat-carrying platform, thereon on two lateral brackets 22 Lifting lug 20 is respectively by bracket steel wire 33 again via the fixed pulley 34 being arranged on boat-carrying platform 41 and the phase on boat-carrying platform 41 The winch 45 answered is connected.Winch 45 in this way on boat-carrying platform 41 can drive bracket by rope traction on fixed pulley, lifting lug At least 90 degree are rotated towards boat-carrying platform 41 around bearer carrier 24, realizes the overturning of entire bracket system.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, this bracket system is being lifted by crane or is being entered water operation to prospecting equipment with the cooperation of gantry crane module When, before equipment lifting, by gantry crane outboard side oscillation, equipment is lifted by crane into out the water surface, gantry crane makes to equip again to inboard side oscillation Level is affixed to slightly to be risen on platform perpendicular on the bracket side on the outside of boat-carrying platform, recurrence lifting is standby, is then driven auxiliary on platform Winch is helped, makes bracket that equipment be driven to rotate integrally, until maintaining an equal level with platform, then the equipment on bracket is moved on the inside of platform.
In addition, this bracket system is in specific application, fast quick-detach is carried out also according to sea prospecting environment.When sea is reconnoitred When environmental catastrophe (such as: typhoon, sea situation grade rise to), the lifting lug 20 on movable plate 43 is connected using haulage cable, Movable plate 43 can be moved from the bracket 22 of two sides from there through traction lifting lug 20, make to open on the outside of moon pool 42 on platform 41, Workboat 48, which departs, is detached from rapidly drill hole, and after sea situation turns for the better, workboat 48 returns to former drill hole, continues unfinished prospecting Operation.Winch by wirerope scrolling, gradually tighten by wirerope lifting lug 20 along fixed pulley 34, bracket leg 21 on platform 41, support Rack device is rotated around pin shaft 23, until existing together horizontality with platform 41.
In addition, this integration draw off gear is in specific implementation, winch can be equipped with 4 on platform, and 1 main winch passes through Oriented module lifting equipment, 2 auxiliary winches are responsible for carriage turns, traction are in addition equipped on 1 auxiliary bracket.
Referring to Fig. 6 which shows based on above scheme constitute offshore engineering ship borne type platform integration draw off gear into Row hangs operation schematic diagram.
As seen from the figure, the present apparatus is when carrying out hanging operation, and hydraulic device driving hydraulic cylinder 17 is flexible on platform 41 makes liquid Supporting leg 16 is pressed to go up and down, since 16 upper end hinged seat 15 of hydraulic leg is fixedly connected with gantry crane bracket 14,17 lower end of hydraulic cylinder and door The connection of pedestal 18 is hung, the flexible of hydraulic cylinder 17 can directly drive the lifting of gantry crane bracket 14, while drive gantry crane Integral swinging.
When 17 oil inlet of driving hydraulic cylinder (liter) can drive gantry crane bracket 14 to turn for basic point to ship side inside with gantry crane pedestal 18 Dynamic, gantry crane is in left side；It with gantry crane pedestal 18 is basic point to ship when driving hydraulic cylinder 17 fuel-displaced (drop) can drive gantry crane bracket 14 Rotation, gantry crane are in right side on the outside of the side of a ship.
Driving hydraulic cylinder 17 oil inlet or fuel-displaced, the whole swing into θ angle around gantry crane pedestal 18 upper pin, 23 rotaries of gantry crane, The angle luffing θ can adjust on demand.The adjustment at the angle θ is related to operational method, and this method includes that prospecting equipment is hung and relied on platform 41 Drilling machine (not shown) implements drilling rod in exploration drilling hole and hangs this operation process in conjunction with gantry crane module, such as: drilling rod lifting, Take out sampler under drilling rod；Sampler or drill bit are put into bottom hole by drilling rod decentralization, and drilling machine pressurizes or rotates to drilling rod, implements to bore Into.
Further to show that the present apparatus, this example are also further illustrated based on above-mentioned offshore engineering ship borne type platform integration Draw off gear carries out prospecting equipment and hangs and implement the operation process that drilling rod is hung in exploration drilling hole (referring to Fig. 1-2,6).
Prepare: driving hydraulic cylinder 17 is fuel-displaced first declines hydraulic leg 16, the side oscillation θ to outside ship side of gantry crane bracket 141 Degree, the equipment for slinging gantry crane head pulley 12 is far from the outside of ship side (platform)；
Lifting: winch 45 on driving platform, wirerope are made up of 34, two directive wheels 35 of fixed pulley, head pulley 12 Oriented module (as shown in Figure 4) slowly slings prospecting equipment, until water outlet；
Gantry crane left swing: 17 oil inlet of driving hydraulic cylinder gradually rises hydraulic leg 16, and gantry crane bracket 14 is put to ship side left side Dynamic θ2Degree, the equipment for slinging gantry crane head pulley 12 are gradually drawn close to ship side (platform), until equipment is tightly attached on bracket side；
Bracket rotation: the equipment on bracket is hung on a winch cable, other two wirerope are then hung over into support On lifting lug 20 on frame, hoist engine pulls wirerope scrolling on platform, and wirerope is gradually tightened, and bracket is whole around Fomento stand 24 Upper pin 23 does 90 degree of rotations, makes bracket is whole to be in horizontality together with platform 41 (referring to Fig. 1,2 and 5)；
Level dragging: using equipping on winch dragging bracket 22 on platform 41, equipment utilizes it along bracket 22, fixed frame 31 On ball 30 be dragged to the inside of boat-carrying platform 41.
It equips into water
Equipment displacement: first by cradle and horizontality, will enter the equipment of water, hang up wirerope and tighten, and then will Equipment is gradually shifted on dynamic bracket；
Enter water: the wirerope connection winch that lifting lug on bracket is tightened, two wirerope on synchronously control bracket, gradually Loosen bracket wirerope, whole 23 pin shafts on bearer carrier 24 of bracket, which are done, to be rotated, and bracket gradually changes into vertical configuration from horizontality State, equipment enter water close to bracket therewith, wirerope 32 on gantry crane head pulley 12 are then tangled equipment.
It is put into sea bed: gradually loosening wirerope 32 on gantry crane head pulley 12, equipment sinks to seabed gradually；Operate gantry crane it is left or Right pendulum and ship windlass, it is fine-tuning self-contained for the position on sea bed is sunk to, i.e., before equipment is put into specified sea bed hole location, it can pass through If gantry crane left or right pendulum mass dryness fraction and ship anchor chains folding and unfolding realize that being accurately positioned equipment is placed in sea bed designated position.
During being somebody's turn to do, gantry crane bracket always swings θ=θ1+θ2, in the size of designed θ and gantry crane bracket hinged seat position and Hydraulic device is related: hydraulic device is long (big), and hinged seat moves up on hydraulic leg, then hunting range θ increases；Conversely, swinging model Enclose θ reduction.
Existing ship borne type prospecting is provided with drilling machine and boring tower, such as masts type, tripod type, four foot formulas, A pattern boring tower； This gantry crane apparatus may replace existing all types of boring towers equipped with rack for rods, sister block structure, the design of the gantry crane amplitude of oscillation；X is laid on platform Type (rock core) or G type (engineering) drilling machine meet marine geotechnical engineering drill sampling.Winch is slided with secondary in this gantry crane apparatus on drilling machine Wheel combination reconnoitres hanging for process middle sleeve or drilling rod for offshore engineering；It, can be to drilling rod and casing during entire prospecting Upper and lower mention draw, support is provided.Furthermore during prospecting, this gantry crane apparatus can take down movable plate among bracket, make moon pool Outside is open, and in special circumstances for prospecting midway, implementation ship is separated with drilling.
In addition, this gantry crane apparatus can be used for all kinds of offshore work platforms, to meet all kinds of in-situ tests of offshore engineering.
Since offshore engineering reconnoitres equipment lifting and enters the depth of water by wave effect, boat-carrying platform makees vertical fluctuation with wave, Cause lifting to equip the acceleration deposited in the vertical direction, will lead to the pulling force mutation on wirerope when fluctuating serious, work as acceleration Will lead to when spending big lift it is standby rock in the air, simulation platform, wire cable rupture etc.；When over entry is excessive, equipment and sea Face direct collision causes marine engineering prospecting equipment engine-damaged accident and casualties.The offshore engineering ship borne type that this example provides Platform universal integrated draw off gear is made on boat-carrying platform by the Integral swinging of gantry crane module and the overturning of carrier module The prospecting hung is equipped into water and water outlet, and small restriction that by the wind the wave is high effectively solves the problems of prior art.
Basic principles, main features, and advantages of the present invention has been shown and described above.Current row The technical staff of industry is described in above embodiments and description it should be appreciated that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments Only illustrate the principles of the present invention, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, the utility model is also It will have various changes and improvements, these various changes and improvements fall within the scope of the claimed invention.The utility model Claimed range is defined by the appending claims and its equivalent thereof.
1. offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear characterized by comprising
Gantry crane module, the gantry crane module are integrally erected on ship borne type platform cantilever side, and can on the quarter inner and outer it Between swing；
Carrier module, the carrier module is spindle rotationally arranged on ship borne type platform relative to gantry crane module, and vertical distribution On the outside of ship borne type platform, the carrier module can overturn at least 90 degree relative to ship borne type platform；
Swinging frame, the swinging frame are placed in gantry crane module, and are swung with gantry crane module.
2. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the draw off gear further includes a placement Leading truck, the placement leading truck are arranged on ship borne type platform, and cooperate with gantry crane module and carrier module.
3. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gantry crane module mainly includes hanging Beam, gantry crane bracket, gantry crane pedestal and hydraulic lift, the hanging beam are fixed at the top of gantry crane bracket, gantry crane branch The lower section of frame and gantry crane pedestal are hinged, and the hydraulic lift is arranged on gantry crane pedestal, and drive connected gantry crane branch Frame forms integrated gantry crane module, wherein hydraulic lift can drive gantry crane supporting band move hanging beam on gantry crane pedestal around Articulated section is swung.
4. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the carrier module includes bracket, moves Movable plate two sides are symmetrically arranged in movable plate, bracket leg and bearer carrier, the bracket；The top of each bracket passes through bracket Seat is rotatably placed on the outside of ship borne type platform, and relative to ship borne type platform vertical distribution；On the top of each bracket also Be provided with bracket leg, the bracket leg by external force traction can drive bracket together with movable plate around bearer carrier relative to ship borne type Platform is rotated at least 90 degree.
5. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 4, which is characterized in that used between the movable plate and bracket Detachable structure connection.
6. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that on the movable plate or/and bracket Several balls is distributed with.
7. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that the carrier module further includes leading Draw equipment, the pulling equipment is arranged on ship borne type platform, by traction rope and corresponding guiding mechanism connecting bracket Bracket leg or/and movable plate.
8. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the swinging frame includes head pulley, sliding Wheel shaft, bearing, steel wire and pulley base, the head pulley are fixed on pulley spindle, the both ends of pulley spindle pass through respectively bearing with Pulley base connection, the pulley base are fixed below the hanging beam in gantry crane module, and one end of the steel wire passes through head pulley, another End is passed through from the gantry crane bracket in gantry crane module, and is connected to pulling equipment.
9. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 3, which is characterized in that further include time cunning in the swinging frame Wheel, the secondary pulley is fixed on pulley spindle, for cooperating with rack for rods for matching with drilling equipment.
10. draw off gear is equipped in prospecting according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with and lead in the swinging frame To module, the oriented module is distributed in gantry crane bracket, and moves towards formation guiding to steel wire with steel wire cooperation.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201821241576.7U CN208715418U (en)||2018-08-02||2018-08-02||A kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201821241576.7U CN208715418U (en)||2018-08-02||2018-08-02||A kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN208715418U true CN208715418U (en)||2019-04-09|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201821241576.7U Active CN208715418U (en)||2018-08-02||2018-08-02||A kind of offshore engineering ship borne type platform prospecting equipment draw off gear|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN208715418U (en)|
- 2018-08-02 CN CN201821241576.7U patent/CN208715418U/en active Active
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