CN208675800U - A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester - Google Patents

A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208675800U
CN208675800U CN201820637701.XU CN201820637701U CN208675800U CN 208675800 U CN208675800 U CN 208675800U CN 201820637701 U CN201820637701 U CN 201820637701U CN 208675800 U CN208675800 U CN 208675800U
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stalk
fruit
blade
cabinet
central axis
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CN201820637701.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
艾子健
胡州
曾师尊
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Sanming University
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Sanming University
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester, includes: cabinet, handle, central axis, one-way driving mechanism, guide fence mechanism, cutter mechanism.Cabinet has limiting slot, and stalk can be from the notch activity of limiting slot to the slot bottom of limiting slot;Handle is connected on cabinet;Central axis is configured on cabinet by one-way driving mechanism;Guide fence mechanism is configured at the upper of central axis, and has multiple blades, and blade can be driven central axis opposite case to rotate counterclockwise or rotate clockwise during the slot bottom of stalk activity to limiting slot by the promotion of fruit;Cutter mechanism is configured on central axis and has multiple blades;For blade after the slot bottom of stalk activity to limiting slot, activity can extremely limit stalk from the position that the notch of limiting slot removes, and blade can cabinet with respect to stalk far from when cutting stem so that fruit is mutually separated with stalk.Compared to the prior art, the seed harvester of the application is easy to use, and will not damaged fruit.

Description

A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to fruit picking equipment, in particular to a kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester.
Background technique
Currently, there is special structure, it is impossible to carry out the machinery of disposable large area since pineapple is perennial fruit Change picking, can only targetedly pick in batches;And the normal growth of pineapple plant must also have been maintained while picking, In order to avoid influencing the result situation of its next year.Currently, domestic pineapple is picked mainly or based on manually picking, due to fruit There is sharp sharp mouth on leaf, pericarp is hard to be had protrusion and have prickle, and pure picked by hand is easy to make one injured, serious shadow The picking efficiency for having rung pineapple is also a pain in the neck feelings for picker.Solve such problem, it is necessary to from multi-party Face accounts for, and carries out structure design, then to meet actual requirement.Pineapple harvester in the market is mostly big machinery, Its power mechanism is driven by huge tractor.Also have small part small-sized machine, be cooperated by manpower and manipulator come Carry out selective picking.
There is a series of problems, such as big machineryization to pick in pineapple picking process in the prior art, no It is evitable to be limited by factors such as geographical environment, fruit field position, fruit field scales, while the economic cost of its picking is too It is high.Common robot manipulator structure is generally by clamping pineapple, and the mode for twisting pineapple with respect to stalk makes fruit and stalk Separation, this kind of mode can crush pulp, reduce the value of fruit.The handle of common robot manipulator structure is usually straight-bar simultaneously Structure does not meet ergonomic designs, need to bend over repeatedly when leading to user using pineapple, there are asking for large labor intensity Topic.
In view of this, inventor is special after having studied existing technology to propose the application.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of fruit picking equipment to solve existing picking machine Structure there are problems that crushing pulp when picking pineapple.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester, include: cabinet, Handle, central axis, one-way driving mechanism, guide fence mechanism, cutter mechanism.Cabinet has limiting slot, and stalk can be in cabinet It is opposite its close to when from the notch activity of limiting slot to the slot bottom of limiting slot;Handle is connected on cabinet;Central axis passes through unidirectional Transmission mechanism is configured on cabinet, the central axis can opposite case rotate counterclockwise or rotate clockwise, and single-direction transmission machine Structure, which can correspond to, to be limited the central axis and rotates clockwise or rotate counterclockwise;Guide fence mechanism is configured at the central axis Upper end, and the guide fence mechanism has the blade of multiple circumferentially spaced configurations, the blade can be in stalk activity to limit Rotary shaft branch opposite case is driven to rotate counterclockwise or rotate clockwise by the promotion of fruit during the slot bottom of position slot;It cuts Cutter mechanism is configured on the central axis and can rotate with it, and cutter mechanism has the blade of multiple circumferentially spaced configurations, Interval angles between blade described in every two are 30 ° to 180 °;The blade is living after the slot bottom of stalk activity to limiting slot It moves to the position that can limit the notch removal of stalk from limiting slot, and activity can extremely limit stalk and move from the notch of limiting slot The blade of position out can cabinet with respect to stalk far from when cutting stem smoothly cut so that fruit is mutually separated with stalk Fruit.
As a further improvement, the cabinet includes main part and the case lid being configured on main part;It is set on the case lid There is the slot that falls matched with limiting slot, slot after preventing fruit from separating with stalk from the outer rim of case lid to fall on the ground.
As a further improvement, the blade of the guide fence mechanism is in arc-shaped, the inner wall of the blade can be in stalk Activity to limiting slot slot bottom when and fruit outer rim it is tangent, and after fruit is separated with its stalk, the inner wall of the blade can Protection fruit is smoothly fallen into the slot of the case lid setting.
As a further improvement, the cutter mechanism of the seed harvester includes the knife rest for supporting the blade;The knife rest It is mounted on the central axis.
As a further improvement, the cabinet includes main part and the case lid for being configured at main part;The single-direction transmission machine Structure includes the first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing, and the bearing outer ring of the first unilateral bearing is fixed on the case lid, and second The bearing outer ring of unilateral bearing is fixed on the cabinet.
As a further improvement, the cabinet includes main part and the case lid being configured on main part;The seed harvester One-way driving mechanism be ratchet mechanism, the ratchet mechanism include ratchet, pawl, locating rod and torsional spring;The ratchet is fixed On the central axis, positioned at the lower section of the knife rest, described pawl one end is inserted into the tooth socket of the ratchet, and the pawl is another One end is rotatably arranged on the main part by locating rod;The torsional spring is configured at the main main part and the pawl Between;When the ratchet pushes the pawl rotation, the pawl drives torsional spring deformation, when the torsional spring is from deformation state reset The pawl is driven to be inserted into the tooth socket of the ratchet.
As a further improvement, the handle is aluminum alloy handle.
As a further improvement, the curved type of handle.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the utility model can obtain following technical effect:
1, when using aforesaid way structure fruit-picking, user is travelled forward by holding handle, makes the stem under fruit Stalk enters limiting slot, moves along notch to slot bottom, and during this, guide fence structure and cutter mechanism turn in the same direction with central axis It is dynamic, after stalk reaches limiting slot slot bottom, when applying the power of a reversed pull to handle, in the effect of one-way driving mechanism Under, cutter structure is had an effect, and separates fruit with its stalk;In above process, the seed harvester of the application is not In the presence of clamping fruit, because without damaged fruit;
2, in the setting in the case where of falling slot, the slot that falls of the application can dramatically avoid fruit from separating with stalk directly It falls to ground and causes to damage;
3, using arc-shaped blade, the inner wall of blade can protect fruit after fruit is separated with its stalk Falling in slot for case lid setting is smoothly fallen into, and then helps avoid causing to damage;
4, it using the handle of aluminium alloy, so that the weight of entire product is lighter, is easy to take, it is easy to carry;
5, using the handle of shaped form, it may conform to ergonomics, avoid bending over during fruit-picking, substantially reduce labor Fatigue resistance promotes labor efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the utility model under the first visual angle;
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram of the utility model under the second visual angle;
Fig. 3 is the operation schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is explosive view of the utility model under first embodiment;
Fig. 5 is single-direction transmission structural schematic diagram of the utility model under first embodiment;
Fig. 6 is main part schematic diagram of the utility model under first embodiment;
Fig. 7 is explosive view of the utility model under second embodiment.
Attached drawing mark
1, cabinet;S, limiting slot;1A, main part;1B, case lid;1C, the slot that falls;1D, location hole;2, central axis;3, guiding is anti- Protect mechanism;3A, blade;4, cutter mechanism;4A, blade;4B, knife rest;5, one-way driving mechanism;6, ratchet 7, pawl;8, it positions Bar;9, torsional spring;10, bearing;11, the first unilateral bearing;12, the second unilateral bearing;13, handle;L1, fruit;L2, stalk.
Specific embodiment
It is practical below in conjunction with this to keep the purposes, technical schemes and advantages of the utility model embodiment clearer The technical solution in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described in attached drawing in novel embodiment, shows So, described embodiment is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole embodiments.It is practical based on this Embodiment in novel, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment is fallen within the protection scope of the utility model.Therefore, the implementation to the utility model provided in the accompanying drawings below The detailed description of mode is not intended to limit the range of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the utility model Selected embodiment.
The utility model provides a kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester, this fruit picking equipment is mainly used for picking growth Fruit on the ground, in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, in the first embodiment, this fruit picking equipment includes cabinet 1, central axis 2, unidirectional Transmission mechanism 5, guide fence mechanism 3, cutter mechanism 4 and handle 13.
Refering to fig. 1 to Fig. 6 it is found that cabinet 1 includes limiting slot S, main part 1A, case lid 1B, the 1C of falling slot, location hole 1D.Case The lid 1B and main part 1A mode that welding or screw can be used is fixed together, and the 1C of falling slot is arranged above case lid 1B, and with Limiting slot S cooperation, when for preventing fruit from separating with stalk below, fruit can fall to from case lid outer rim on the ground and be damaged Fruit.Main part 1A, case lid 1B, the 1C of falling slot can be used aluminum alloy material and formed.Limiting slot S can be the U-type groove in diagram, but also It can be other V-grooves or other shapes of slot.
Central axis 2 passes through case lid 1B and is supported on cabinet 1 by one-way driving mechanism 5, and in this implementation, central axis 2 can Opposite case 1 rotates counterclockwise, and one-way driving mechanism 5 can limit 2 opposite case 1 of central axis and rotate clockwise.Central axis 2 can lead to Bearing 10 is crossed to match with case lid 1B.
Guide fence mechanism 3 includes the blade 3A of 3 circumferentially spaced configurations, and 3 blade 3A are connected to one and are arranged and solid It is scheduled on the connector on central axis 2.Guide fence mechanism 3 can be rotated synchronously with central axis 2.Blade 3A is in arc-shaped.This reality 3 blade 3A for applying example are circumferentially configured at equal intervals, and the interval angles between every two blade are 120 °.The quantity of blade 3A is simultaneously It is not limited to the quantity of the application, the interval angles between every two blade 3A can adjust within the scope of 0 ° to 180 °, such as at 30 ° It is adjusted in 180 °.
Cutter mechanism 4 includes the blade 4A and knife rest 4B of 3 circumferentially spaced configurations, and blade 4A can pass through interference fit The mode of mode or bolt fastening is fixed on knife rest 4B, and knife rest 4B is then fixed on central axis 2 by the way of interference fit On, and it is located at the lower section of guide fence mechanism 3.It is staggeredly cloth between 3 blade 4A and 3 blade 3A of guide fence mechanism It sets, when projecting on same plane, there is certain angle between the two, specific angle can be according to the size of population of seed harvester Depending on.Cutter mechanism 4 can be rotated synchronously with central axis 2.3 blade 4A of the present embodiment are circumferentially configured at equal intervals, every two Interval angles between blade are 120 °.The quantity of blade 4A is not limited to the quantity of the application, between every two blade between It can adjust within the scope of 0 ° to 180 ° every angle, such as be adjusted in 30 ° to 180 °.
Handrail 13 is installed on main part 1A, and handrail 13 can be used aluminium alloy use and be made, and its curved type.
In the first embodiment, one-way driving mechanism is ratchet mechanism, which includes ratchet 6 and pawl 7, ratchet 6 are installed below the knife rest 4B of central axis 2 by interference fit, and pawl 7 is mounted on cabinet 1B, and ratchet is inserted into 7 one end of pawl Tooth socket in, 7 other end of pawl is rotatably arranged on the main part 1A of cabinet 1 by locating rod 8, and locating rod 8 is fixed on In location hole 1D on cabinet 1;Torsional spring 9 is configured between main part 1A and pawl 7;When ratchet 6 pushes pawl 7 to rotate, pawl 7 Will drive torsional spring 9, deformation occurs, when its pawl 7 is rotated around 9 center of torsional spring, they can be retracted to initial position, generate torsion Square or rotary force, when torsional spring 9 is from deformation state reset just in the tooth socket with pawl 7 again insertable into ratchet 6.Guide fence mechanism When 3 drive central axises 2 rotate counterclockwise together, ratchet 6 is also rotated with it.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the working method of the Handheld fruit seed harvester of first embodiment is as follows: user pushes handle Hand 13 makes cabinet 1 close to stalk L2, when fruit stalk L2 enters along the opening of limiting slot S, since fruit L1 is in during both ends are small Between big shape, the wherein a piece of blade 3A of guide fence mechanism 3 touches fruit L1, continues user at this time and push cabinet forward 1, when making stalk L2 activity to limiting slot S slot bottom, fruit L1 generates a reaction force to guide fence mechanism 3, to be oriented to Protection mechanism 3 drives central axis 2 to rotate together, and cutter structure 4 also rotates with it.The bottom for reaching limiting slot S or fruit L2 are most When large cylindrical is mutually separated with blade 3A outer circle, the blade 4A of cutter mechanism 4 is turned at fruit stalk outer circle, at this time fruit stalk L2 is in the enclosed region that blade 4A and limiting slot S are surrounded.When pull handle 13 applies the power of a reversed pull, pawl 7 rotate backward ratchet 6 can not, then central axis 2 can not turn round clockwise.It is cut at this point, blade 4A applies fruit stalk Power separates fruit L1 with its stalk L2, and the inner wall of blade 3A can protect fruit L1 smoothly to fall into the 1C of falling slot that case lid 1B is arranged It is interior.Finally the fruit in slot is poured into acquisition frame (not shown).Fruit L1 and stem L2 is, for example, institute in background technique The pineapple of the pineapple plant of explanation and the stem below pineapple, but easily can be located at the plant on stem for other common fruits Strain.
The first embodiment of i.e. above as the application, it is understood that one-way driving mechanism is not limited to above-mentioned reality Example is applied, in conjunction with Fig. 7, in a second embodiment, one-way driving mechanism may include the first unilateral bearing 11 and the second unilateral bearing 12. The bearing outer ring of first unilateral bearing 11 is fixed on case lid 1B using interference fit, the bearing outer ring benefit of the second unilateral bearing 12 It is fixed on the main part 1A of cabinet 1 with interference fit, realizes the installation of central axis 2.Central axis can also be made in the above manner It can rotate counterclockwise and cannot rotate clockwise.The unmentioned other characteristics of the present embodiment can and previous embodiment it is identical.
It can rotate counterclockwise and cannot rotate clockwise different from above-described embodiment central axis, it in other embodiments, can The position for adjusting limiting slot, and adjusts the configuration of one-way driving mechanism simultaneously, rotate clockwise central axis can and cannot the inverse time Needle rotation.
Above description is merely a prefered embodiment of the utility model, is not intended to limit the utility model, for For those skilled in the art, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.All spirit and original in the utility model Within then, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester, separate the fruit of fruit plant mutually with stalk below;Its feature It is, the fruit picking equipment includes:
Cabinet (1) has limiting slot (S), stalk can cabinet (1) with respect to its close to when from the activity of the notch of limiting slot (S) To the slot bottom of limiting slot;
Handle (13) is connected on cabinet (1);
Central axis (2) is configured on cabinet (1) by one-way driving mechanism (5), and the central axis (2) being capable of opposite case (1) It rotates counterclockwise or rotates clockwise, and the one-way driving mechanism (5) can correspond to and limit the central axis (2) and rotate clockwise Or it rotates counterclockwise;
Guide fence mechanism (3) is configured at the upper end of the central axis (2), and the guide fence mechanism (3) has multiple edges The blade (3A) of circumferentially-spaced configuration, the blade (3A) can be during the slot bottoms of stalk activity to limiting slot (S) by water The promotion of fruit and drive central axis opposite case (1) to rotate counterclockwise or rotate clockwise;
Cutter mechanism (4) is configured on the central axis (2) and can rotate with it, cutter mechanism (4) have it is multiple circumferentially It is spaced the blade (4A) of configuration, the interval angles between blade (4A) described in every two are 30 ° to 180 °;The blade (4A) exists Synchronous movement can extremely limit the position of the notch removal of stalk from limiting slot (S) after stalk activity to the slot bottom of limiting slot (S), And the movable stalk that can extremely limit can be separate with respect to stalk in cabinet from the blade (4A) for the position that the notch of limiting slot removes When cutting stem so that fruit is mutually separated with stalk.
2. seed harvester according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cabinet (1) includes main part (1A) and configures In the case lid (1B) on main part (1A);The case lid (1B) is fallen slot (1C) equipped with what is matched with limiting slot (S), slot (1C) after preventing fruit from separating with stalk from the outer rim of case lid (1B) to fall on the ground.
3. seed harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the blade (3A) of the guide fence mechanism (3) is in The inner wall of arc-shaped, the blade (3A) can be in the slot bottom of stalk activity to limiting slot (S) and the outer rim of fruit is tangent, and After fruit is separated with its stalk, the inner wall of the blade can protect fruit smoothly to fall into the slot of the case lid (1B) setting.
4. seed harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cutter mechanism (4) of the seed harvester includes branch Support the knife rest (4B) of the blade (4A);The knife rest (4B) is mounted on the central axis (2).
5. seed harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cabinet (1) includes main part (1A) and configures In the case lid (1B) of main part (1A);The one-way driving mechanism includes the first unilateral bearing (11) and the second unilateral bearing (12), the bearing outer ring of the first unilateral bearing (11) is fixed on the case lid (1B), outside the bearing of the second unilateral bearing (12) Circle is fixed on the cabinet (1).
6. seed harvester according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the cabinet (1) includes main part (1A) and configures In the case lid (1B) on main part (1A);The one-way driving mechanism (5) of the seed harvester is ratchet mechanism, the ratchet mechanism Include ratchet (6), pawl (7), locating rod (8) and torsional spring (9);The ratchet (6) is fixed on the central axis (2), is located at The lower section of the knife rest (4B), described pawl (7) one end are inserted into the tooth socket of the ratchet (6), and pawl (7) other end is logical Locating rod (8) is crossed to be rotatably arranged on the main part (1A);The torsional spring (9) is configured at the main part (1A) and institute It states between pawl (7);When the ratchet (6) pushes the pawl (7) rotation, the pawl (7) drives torsional spring (9) deformation, institute The pawl (7) are driven to be inserted into the tooth socket of the ratchet (6) when stating torsional spring from deformation state reset.
7. seed harvester according to any one of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: the handle (13) is aluminium alloy handle Hand.
8. seed harvester according to any one of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: the curved type of the handle (13).
CN201820637701.XU 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester Active CN208675800U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820637701.XU CN208675800U (en) 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820637701.XU CN208675800U (en) 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of Handheld fruit seed harvester

Publications (1)

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CN208675800U true CN208675800U (en) 2019-04-02

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112136495A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-29 漯河食品职业学院 Complete equipment for picking and processing loquat flowers

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112136495A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-29 漯河食品职业学院 Complete equipment for picking and processing loquat flowers

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