CN208667443U - A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates - Google Patents

A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208667443U
CN208667443U CN201821280407.4U CN201821280407U CN208667443U CN 208667443 U CN208667443 U CN 208667443U CN 201821280407 U CN201821280407 U CN 201821280407U CN 208667443 U CN208667443 U CN 208667443U
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China
Prior art keywords
agitator tank
sand
oil
oil sludge
agitating shaft
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CN201821280407.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯玢池
赵习森
党海龙
倪军
刘滨
王谦
崔鹏兴
王小锋
张军科
王崟
奥洋洋
孟潇
蔺建武
唐后军
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Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates, including the Rose Box, agitator tank and discharge barrel set gradually from the top down, Rose Box is connect by conveying pipeline with constant speed feeder, and constant speed feeder is connect by conveying pipeline with storage basin;The lower end of discharge barrel offers discharge port, and the first agitating shaft is provided in discharge barrel;It is vertically provided with the second agitating shaft in agitator tank, is provided with ultrasonic generator on agitator tank inner sidewall, the upper end for stirring pot sidewall successively offers oil outlet and water outlet from the top down, and flowline is provided in oil outlet, is provided with outlet pipe in water outlet.Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of the application is can not only to handle oil sludge and sand on a large scale, and do not need addition chemical reagent, while can distinguish oil sludge and sand, is prepared for the comprehensive utilization in later period.

Description

A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates
Technical field
The utility model relates to oil sludge and sand processing technology field, in particular to a kind of oil sludge and sand resource of crude oil development generation Change processing unit.
Background technique
Oil sludge and sand is one of the important pollutant that oil extraction refining link generates, mainly by water, silt and mineral oil three Part forms, and is the extremely complex brownish black sticky mass of component.Oil sludge and sand is miscellaneous comprising oil-in-water, Water-In-Oil, the fixation that suspends The water treatment agents such as matter, salt, bacterium, flocculating agent, corrosion inhibiter.It is useless that oil sludge and sand is put into the danger in " National Hazard waste register " Object (HW08), it not only pollutes tract, it is often more important that over time, gradually permeated to depth of stratum, The pollution for leading to underground water and surface water resources, microorganism and the edaphophyte ecosystem to soil itself generate harm, directly It connects and threatens to human body and natural environment, it is therefore desirable to which harmless treatment is carried out to oil sludge and sand.
Currently, the processing method of oil sludge and sand is mainly solvent method, chemical demulsification method and centrifuge separation, but chemical demulsification method Because to add a large amount of inorganic coagulant or organic polymer coargulator or demulsifier into oil sludge and sand, increases and be processed into This.Solvent method handles oil sludge and sand mostly for the purpose of recycling mineral oil merely, does not account for silt particle integrated treatment and other components Effective use.Although being centrifugated simple process, treatment scale is small, and treatment effeciency is low, and residual oil content, which is difficult to meet environmental protection, to be wanted It asks.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that above-mentioned existing for the oil sludge and sand processing aspect generated for existing crude oil development ask Topic, provides a kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates, and this device can not only handle oil on a large scale Silt particle, and addition chemical reagent is not needed, while oil sludge and sand can be distinguished, it prepares for the comprehensive utilization in later period.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution that the application uses are as follows: at the oil sludge and sand recycling that crude oil development generates Manage device, including agitator tank, Rose Box and discharge barrel, the upper end of the agitator tank is provided with Rose Box, under the agitator tank End is provided with discharge barrel, and is interconnected between the agitator tank, the Rose Box and the discharge barrel three;
The Rose Box is connect by conveying pipeline with constant speed feeder, and the constant speed feeder passes through conveying pipeline and storage basin Connection;
The lower end of the discharge barrel offers discharge port, and the discharge barrel is interior and is horizontally disposed on the position of nearly discharge port There is the first agitating shaft;
It is vertically provided with the second agitating shaft in the agitator tank, is provided with ultrasonic wave on the agitator tank inner sidewall and fills It sets, the upper end of the stirring pot sidewall successively offers oil outlet and water outlet from the top down, is provided with out in the oil outlet Oil pipe is provided with outlet pipe in the water outlet, and the agitator tank upper end offers water inlet, and the water inlet passes through water-supply-pipe It is connect with extraneous thermal water source.
Further, the interior lower horizontal of the agitator tank is provided with anti-blocking sieve, on the agitator tank inner sidewall And the upper end of the anti-blocking sieve is provided with water inlet pipe, the high-pressure nozzle that can be sprayed water upwards is provided on the water inlet pipe, The water inlet pipe is connected to external source, and the water to circulate in the water inlet pipe is hot water.
Further, level is fixedly installed filter screen in the Rose Box, on the Rose Box and under filter screen Side is additionally provided with the escape pipe being connected with the cavity of Rose Box, and the escape pipe is connected to extraneous vacuum pump.
Further, second agitating shaft is connect with extraneous motor, is provided with paddle on second agitating shaft Piece, the stirring blade are arranged along the second agitating shaft spiral.
Further, first agitating shaft is connect with extraneous motor.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
(1), storage basin 8 is used to store the oil sludge and sand of crude oil development generation, enters by conveying pipeline 6 and constant speed feeder 7 In Rose Box 2, wherein constant speed feeder 7 can continuously give 2 feeding of Rose Box, improve working efficiency.Oil sludge and sand enters Rose Box 2 Afterwards, the biggish oil sludge and sand of particle or filtering foreign are fallen into filtering first, qualified oil sludge and sand passes through Rose Box 2 Into in agitator tank 1.This completes the preliminary screenings to oil sludge and sand, improve the treatment effeciency in later period;
(2), after oil sludge and sand enters agitator tank 1,80 DEG C~90 DEG C of hot water is inputted into agitator tank 1 by water-supply-pipe, together The extraneous motor that Shi Qidong is connect with the second agitating shaft 10, the second agitating shaft 10 rotation, carries out the oil sludge and sand in agitator tank 1 Stirring;Start ultrasonic generator.Wherein hot water is that the oil sludge and sand in agitator tank 1 is diluted and is rinsed, the second stirring Axis 10 is to accelerate the separation of oil sludge and sand to be stirred to oil sludge and sand;Ultrasonic generator issues ultrasonic wave, passes through ultrasound Wave further separates oil sludge and sand, it is ensured that can adequately separate oil sludge and sand.It does not need to add in the whole process Add any chemical reagents, can reduce processing cost.Furthermore during separation, because oil, water are different with the specific gravity of sand, oil Layer is on upper layer, and in middle level, in lower layer, layer of sand is deposited in discharge barrel 3 sand muddy water, and flows out from the discharge port of discharge barrel 3.In order to It prevents sand from accumulating in discharge barrel 3 and blocking discharge port, is provided with the first agitating shaft in discharge barrel 3 and in the position of nearly discharge port 9, start the extraneous motor that connect with the first agitating shaft 9 when in use, the first agitating shaft 9 will to the sand in discharge barrel 3 into Row stirring, prevents from sand plug plug discharge barrel 3 in this way.The oil reservoir on upper layer can flow out agitator tank 1, the cement in middle layer from flowline 13 Layer can flow out agitator tank 1 from outlet pipe 14, thus distinguish oil sludge and sand.Oil reservoir, cement and the sand distinguished is by subsequent Processing can be carried out reusing.
In conclusion the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that the crude oil development of the application generates, it can not only be large-scale Oil sludge and sand is handled, and does not need addition chemical reagent, while oil sludge and sand can be distinguished, is done for the comprehensive utilization in later period Prepare.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that the utility model embodiment crude oil development generates.
Fig. 2 is the structure of the Rose Box for the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that the utility model embodiment crude oil development generates Schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is that another structure for the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that the utility model embodiment crude oil development generates is shown It is intended to.
In figure: 1, agitator tank;2, Rose Box;3, discharge barrel;4, filter screen;5, escape pipe;6, conveying pipeline;7, constant speed feeding Machine;8, storage basin;9, the first agitating shaft;10, the second agitating shaft;11, anti-blocking sieve;12, ultrasonic generator;13, fuel-displaced Pipe;14, outlet pipe;15, water inlet pipe;16, high-pressure nozzle.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to the attached drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out clear It is clear, be fully described by, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole realities Example is applied, based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art institute without creative efforts The every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model embodiment provides the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling of crude oil development generation, packet Agitator tank 1, Rose Box 2 and discharge barrel 3 are included, the upper end of agitator tank 1 is provided with Rose Box 2, and the lower end of agitator tank 1 is provided with discharging Cylinder 3, and be interconnected between 3 three of agitator tank 1, Rose Box 2 and discharge barrel.
Rose Box 2 is connect by conveying pipeline 6 with constant speed feeder 7, and constant speed feeder 7 is connected by conveying pipeline 6 and storage basin 8 It connects.Wherein constant speed feeder 7 can ensure continuous constant speed feeding, improve working efficiency.As shown in Fig. 2, horizontal solid in Rose Box 2 Surely it is provided with filter screen 4, is additionally provided on Rose Box 2 and in the lower section of filter screen 4 outlet being connected with the cavity of Rose Box 2 Pipe 5, escape pipe 5 are connected to extraneous vacuum pump.Filter screen 4 is blocked by oil sludge and sand in order to prevent, and user's starting connects with escape pipe 5 Logical vacuum pump can thus accelerate the rate of filtration of filter screen 4, improve the speed of the oil sludge and sand entered in agitator tank 1, improve Efficiency.
The lower end of discharge barrel 3 offers discharge port, and being horizontally disposed in discharge barrel 3 and on the position of nearly discharge port has first Agitating shaft 9, the first agitating shaft 9 are connect with extraneous motor.Sand is accumulated in discharge barrel 3 and blocks discharge port in order to prevent, out It is provided with the first agitating shaft 9 in barrel 3 and in the position of nearly discharge port, starting is connect outer with the first agitating shaft 9 when in use Boundary's motor, the first agitating shaft 9 will be stirred the sand in discharge barrel 3, prevent from sand plug plug discharge barrel 3 in this way.
The second agitating shaft 10 is vertically provided in agitator tank 1, the second agitating shaft 10 is connect with extraneous motor, the second stirring Stirring blade is provided on axis 10, stirring blade is arranged along 10 spiral of the second agitating shaft.It is provided on 1 inner sidewall of agitator tank super Sound wave generating device 12, the upper end of 1 side wall of agitator tank successively offer oil outlet and water outlet, setting in oil outlet from the top down Have flowline 13, be provided with outlet pipe 14 in water outlet, 1 upper end of agitator tank offers water inlet, water inlet by water-supply-pipe with Extraneous thermal water source's connection.Hot water is added into agitator tank 1, is on the one hand dilution oil sludge and sand, facilitates stirring, facilitate oil sludge and sand point Layer;It on the other hand is to be rinsed to oil sludge and sand.After oil sludge and sand enters agitator tank 1, starting is connect outer with the second agitating shaft 10 Boundary's motor, the second agitating shaft 10 rotation, is stirred the oil sludge and sand in agitator tank 1;Start ultrasonic generator.Wherein Hot water is that the oil sludge and sand in agitator tank 1 is diluted and is rinsed, and the second agitating shaft 10 is added to be stirred to oil sludge and sand The separation of fast oil sludge and sand;Ultrasonic generator issues ultrasonic wave, is further separated to oil sludge and sand by ultrasonic wave, really Guarantor can adequately separate oil sludge and sand.Addition any chemical reagents are not needed in the whole process, be can reduce and are processed into This.Furthermore during separation because the specific gravity of oil, water and sand is different, oil reservoir on upper layer, muddy water in middle level, sand in lower layer, Layer of sand is deposited in discharge barrel 3, and is flowed out from the discharge port of discharge barrel 3.The oil reservoir on upper layer can flow out agitator tank from flowline 13 1, the cement layer in middle layer can flow out agitator tank 1 from outlet pipe 14, thus distinguish oil sludge and sand.Oil reservoir, the cement distinguished It can be carried out reusing by subsequent processing with sand.
As the preferred embodiment of the application, as shown in figure 3, the lower horizontal in agitator tank 1 is provided with anti-blocking sieve 11, It is provided with water inlet pipe 15 on 1 inner sidewall of agitator tank and in the upper end of the anti-blocking sieve 11, being provided on water inlet pipe 15 can be to The high-pressure nozzle 16 of upper water spray, water inlet pipe 15 are connected to extraneous thermal water source.The biggish gravel of 1 endoparticle of agitator tank can be by anti-blocking Sieve 11 enters in discharge barrel 3, using 16 pairs of progress back flushes of high-pressure nozzle, can sufficiently clean to gravel, it is ensured that The sandstone fallen into discharge barrel 3 is clean.
In conclusion the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that the crude oil development of the application generates, it can not only be large-scale Oil sludge and sand is handled, and does not need addition chemical reagent, while oil sludge and sand can be distinguished, is done for the comprehensive utilization in later period Prepare.
Disclosed above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, and still, the utility model embodiment is not limited to This, the changes that any person skilled in the art can think of should all fall into the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. crude oil development generate oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling, which is characterized in that including agitator tank (1), Rose Box (2) and The upper end of discharge barrel (3), the agitator tank (1) is provided with Rose Box (2), and the lower end of the agitator tank (1) is provided with discharge barrel (3), it and between the agitator tank (1), the Rose Box (2) and the discharge barrel (3) three is interconnected;
The Rose Box (2) is connect by conveying pipeline (6) with constant speed feeder (7), and the constant speed feeder (7) passes through conveying pipeline (6) it is connect with storage basin (8);
The lower end of the discharge barrel (3) offers discharge port, and the discharge barrel (3) is interior and level is set on the position of nearly discharge port It is equipped with the first agitating shaft (9);
It is vertically provided with the second agitating shaft (10) in the agitator tank (1), is provided with ultrasonic wave on agitator tank (1) inner sidewall The upper end of generating device (12), agitator tank (1) side wall successively offers oil outlet and water outlet from the top down, described fuel-displaced It is provided with flowline (13), is provided in the water outlet outlet pipe (14), agitator tank (1) upper end is offered into water in mouthful Mouthful, the water inlet is connect by water-supply-pipe with extraneous thermal water source.
2. the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development as described in claim 1 generates, which is characterized in that the stirring Lower horizontal in tank (1) is provided with anti-blocking sieve (11), on agitator tank (1) inner sidewall and in the anti-blocking sieve (11) Upper end be provided with water inlet pipe (15), the high-pressure nozzle (16) that can be sprayed water upwards is provided on the water inlet pipe (15), it is described Water inlet pipe (15) is connected to extraneous thermal water source.
3. the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development as described in claim 1 generates, which is characterized in that the filtering Case (2) interior level is fixedly installed filter screen (4), is additionally provided on the Rose Box (2) and below filter screen (4) and mistake The escape pipe (5) that the cavity of filter box (2) is connected, the escape pipe (5) are connected to extraneous vacuum pump.
4. the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development as described in claim 1 generates, which is characterized in that described second Agitating shaft (10) is connect with extraneous motor, and stirring blade, the stirring blade edge are provided on second agitating shaft (10) The second agitating shaft (10) spiral setting.
5. the oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development as described in claim 1 generates, which is characterized in that described first Agitating shaft (9) is connect with extraneous motor.
CN201821280407.4U 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates Active CN208667443U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821280407.4U CN208667443U (en) 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821280407.4U CN208667443U (en) 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 A kind of oil sludge and sand processing equipment for recycling that crude oil development generates

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112877094A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 西南石油大学 Oil sand multistage separation device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112877094A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 西南石油大学 Oil sand multistage separation device

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