CN208660385U - A kind of efficient spray drying machine - Google Patents

A kind of efficient spray drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208660385U
CN208660385U CN201820965932.3U CN201820965932U CN208660385U CN 208660385 U CN208660385 U CN 208660385U CN 201820965932 U CN201820965932 U CN 201820965932U CN 208660385 U CN208660385 U CN 208660385U
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plate
hothouse
layer
air
heat
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CN201820965932.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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夏洪科
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CHENGDU JINHUA PHARMACEUTICAL Co Ltd
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CHENGDU JINHUA PHARMACEUTICAL Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model includes a kind of efficient spray drying machine, it is tapered hothouse including bottom, it is characterized by: the upper section in hothouse is successively cased with middle layer and outer layer from inside to outside, middle layer forms closed cavity with outer layer and hothouse side wall respectively, is formed by cavity in middle layer and hothouse side wall and is provided with heating resistance wire;Outer layer lower section is connected with air inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with escape pipe, and air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe extends to middle layer and outer layer is formed by cavity;The air heater air inlet that escape pipe is connect with hothouse connects, and is equipped with air-introduced machine in air inlet pipe;When material is dried, being able to maintain dry indoor temperature will not reduce the utility model, and the heat to shed can be recycled;Also have the advantages that the not viscous wall of material simultaneously and avoids material that loss material is discharged with exhaust gas.

Description

A kind of efficient spray drying machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of drying equipments, and in particular to a kind of efficient spray drying machine.
Background technique
Spray dryer is to dry it with hot air.For doing Liquid, suspension and the viscous liquid of some dry thermal sensitivity, main operational principle is: air is filtered and is heated, into drying Device headspace distributor, hot-air is in the shape of a spiral evenly into hothouse.Feed liquid is atomized through the high speed centrifugation at the top of tower body Device, (rotation) is spraying at imperceptible misty liquid pearl, can dry in a very short period of time with hot-air parallel flow contact as finished product, at Continuously by exporting in dry tower bottom and cyclone separator, exhaust gas is emptied product by air-introduced machine.
Drying machine, since the hothouse of drying machine is directly contacted with the external world, causes to dry indoor heat when dry Amount is constantly dispersed into interior, the in this way progress not only bad for dry indoor seasoning, increases indoor temperature, hothouse Interior heat reduces, while wasting heat, is unfavorable for energy conservation and environmental protection.
Publication No.: CN205683615U, application No. is: the utility model patent of CN201620631992.2 discloses, A kind of air-cooled collet heat-energy recovering apparatus of drying machine with centrifugal spray, it is dry including the air-cooled collet that drying tower and its outer wall coat Tower lower end is equipped with rewinding mouth, and the lower part of drying tower is equipped with cross connection pipe, be sequentially installed on cross connection pipe cyclone separator, First air-introduced machine;It is linked with air inlet lines on air-cooled chuck layer outer wall, the first dehumidifier is installed on air inlet lines;Air-cooled collet Layer outer wall upper end is equipped with air outlet pipe, and the second air-introduced machine, the second dehumidifier are sequentially installed in air outlet pipe;At the top of drying tower High speed centrifugation atomization separator is installed, air inlet pipeline is connected outside high speed centrifugation atomization separator import, is installed on air inlet pipeline There are electric heater, steam heater, air blower, the air inlet pipeline of air blower inlet end side passes through with the second dehumidifier outlet end Pipeline connection, which has been able to achieve the recycling of thermal energy, energy saving, reduces production energy consumption, reduces production cost; Although being reused to dispersed heat, when carrying out preheated air, dissipating in drying tower (hothouse) The heat of hair preheats air, it will causes the temperature in drying tower to reduce, is unfavorable for dry progress.
Utility model content
Directly contacting with the external world the purpose of the utility model is to overcome the outer wall of hothouse in the prior art leads to heat The shortcomings that scattering and disappearing, and causing dry room temperature to reduce when dissipated heat is recycled, provides a kind of efficient spray drying machine, When material is dried, being able to maintain dry indoor temperature will not reduce the drying machine, and can be recycled scattered Heat out;Also have the advantages that the not viscous wall of material simultaneously and avoids material that loss material is discharged with exhaust gas.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is:
A kind of efficient spray drying machine, including bottom be tapered hothouse, it is characterised in that: hothouse upper section from It is successively cased with middle layer and outer layer from inside to outside, middle layer forms closed cavity with outer layer and hothouse side wall respectively, in centre Layer is formed by cavity with hothouse side wall and is provided with heating resistance wire;Outer layer lower section is connected with air inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with Escape pipe, air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe extends to middle layer and outer layer is formed by cavity;Escape pipe is connect with hothouse Air heater air inlet connects, and is equipped with air-introduced machine in air inlet pipe.
Be provided with the groove of annular on the hothouse inner sidewall, be also equipped with bracket in hothouse, bracket include top plate, Bottom plate, heat-resisting ventilative cloth and column, top plate and bottom plate are that round-meshed Circular Plate is opened at middle part, and the upper end of column and top board undersurface connect It connects, the top surface connection of lower end and bottom plate, heat-resisting ventilative cloth winds cylindrical, circular hole side on the upper end of heat-resisting ventilative cloth and top plate The connection of wall edge, lower end are connect with circular hole sidewall edge on bottom plate, and top plate is connected in groove, top plate and bottom plate, heat-resisting ventilative cloth Constitute hot wind area with hothouse inner sidewall, air heater gas outlet is connected with branch pipe, branch pipe sequentially pass through outer layer, middle layer, It is extended into after hothouse inner sidewall in hot wind area.
The hothouse includes cylinder, thermal insulation board and tapered bottom plate, and cylinder is connect with tapered bottom plate by thermal insulation board;It is boring Shell is cased with outside type bottom plate, shell and tapered bottom plate form cavity, and housing lower section is connected with water inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with water outlet Pipe, water inlet pipe are connected with water pump.
The hothouse lower section is connected with cyclone separator by pipeline, and Cyclone outlet is connected to liquid by pipeline Hopper is equipped with air-introduced machine on the pipeline between cyclone separator and liquid material slot.
The air inlet tube end is connected with air filter.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. heating resistance wire described in the utility model can generate heat to middle layer and hothouse side wall be formed by cavity into Row heating so that the temperature of the cavity is higher than dry indoor temperature, can be avoided so dry indoor heat be dispersed into it is outer Boundary, simultaneously as the heat effect of heating resistance wire makes, the temperature in the cavity can be transmitted in hothouse, to drying Indoor temperature is supplemented, and convenient for dry progress, can accelerate dry speed in this way;Since there are also outside one outside middle layer Layer and outer layer and middle layer also form a closed cavity, outer layer lower section is connected with air inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with escape pipe, draws Extraneous air is blown into middle layer by outdoor with blower and outer layer is formed by cavity, at this moment middle layer is the conduction of heat Body, the heat that heating resistance wire issues is transmitted to middle layer by middle layer and outer layer is formed by cavity, to the sky blasted Gas is preheated, and is then heated the air heater that the air after preheating is sent to hothouse connection again, in preheating The heat distributed is taken full advantage of during this, the recycling of thermal energy is realized, has saved the energy, reduce production energy Consumption, reduces production cost.
2. groove described in the utility model is for being fixedly mounted top plate, column is for connecting top plate and bottom plate, top plate and bottom plate On circular hole be respectively used to feed and discharge, the hot-air in air heater is sent in hot wind area by branch pipe, enters heat Air in wind area will uniformly spill into the center of hothouse by heat-resisting ventilative cloth, i.e., in cylindrical heat-resisting ventilative cloth The heart can carry out heat air delivery into hothouse in this way and carry out dry materials and prevent the close heat-resisting ventilative cloth of material, in this way Material is effectively prevented to be sticked on heat-resisting ventilative cloth;When being dried, feed liquid is atomized to be formed through high speed centrifugal atomization device Misty liquid pearl, while hot-air enters in hothouse, and material is dried, misty liquid pearl close to heat-resisting ventilative cloth when It waits the hot wind penetrated on heat-resisting ventilative cloth to stop, avoid viscous glutinous.
3. thermal insulation board described in the utility model avoids in the heat transfer on cylinder to tapered bottom plate, barrier heat is primarily served The effect of transmitting is measured, while also having both the effect of connector drum and tapered bottom plate;Shell and tapered bottom plate form cavity, under shell Section is connected with water inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with outlet pipe, and water inlet pipe is connected with water pump, and setting in this way can drop tapered bottom plate Temperature, the material accumulation after capable of effectively avoiding drying is when on tapered bottom plate, since the temperature of tapered bottom plate is excessively high by object Expect cooked-on.
4. the utility model cyclone separator has the function of sub-material, but when carrying out sub-material, lesser dust Material cannot separate, if being discharged directly into atmosphere, not only pollute the environment, while wasting material;It will be from cyclonic separation The gas of device discharge is drained into liquid material slot, and the material in gas can be dissolved into liquid material slot from newly, avoid the damage of material It loses;Simultaneously as the wind of cyclone separator discharge is hot wind, hot wind is discharged into liquid material slot while also feed liquid is added Feed liquid after heating is drained into hothouse again and is dried by heat, since feed liquid absorbs heat, is done in hothouse When dry, can fast endothermic accelerate rate of drying.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model supporting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the utility model Fig. 2.
Appended drawing reference: 1 air filter, 2 air-introduced machines, 3 air heaters, 4 hot-air distributors, 5 high speed centrifugal atomization devices, 6 top plates, 7 outer layers, 8 middle layers, 9 heating resistance wires, 10 cylinders, 11 thermal insulation boards, 12 tapered bottom plates, 13 shells, 14 outlet pipes, 15 Water inlet pipe, 16 discharge nozzles, 17 outlet valves, 18 water pumps, 19 bottom plates, 20 cyclone separators, 21 liquid material slots, 211 gas outlets, 22 material Pump, 23 columns, 24 heat-resisting ventilative cloth, 25 air inlet pipe, 26 escape pipes, 27 grooves, 28 branch pipes, 29 hot wind areas, 30 circular holes, 31 is dry Room.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to embodiment, the utility model will be further described, and described embodiment is only that this is practical new Type a part of the embodiment is not whole embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, the ordinary skill people of this field Member's other embodiments used obtained without making creative work, belong to the protection model of the utility model It encloses.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment includes air filter 1, air-introduced machine 2, air heater 3, liquid material slot 21, material pump 22, water pump 18, rotation Wind separator 20, hot-air distributor 4, high speed centrifugal atomization device 5 and hothouse 31, hot-air distributor 4 are mounted on hothouse 31 Inner tip, the air outlet of air filter 1 are connect by pipeline with hot-air distributor 4, air-introduced machine 2 and air heater 3 according to On the secondary pipeline being mounted between air filter 1 and hot-air distributor 4;High speed centrifugal atomization device 5 is mounted in hothouse 31, High speed centrifugal atomization device 5 connect by pipeline with liquid material slot 21, material pump 22 be mounted on high speed centrifugal atomization device 5 and liquid material slot 21 it Between pipeline on, 31 bottom of hothouse is connected with discharge nozzle 16, is equipped with outlet valve 17 on discharge nozzle 16, and cyclone separator 20 is logical Piping is connect with 31 lower section of hothouse, and the outlet of cyclone separator 20 is connected with pipeline, and air-introduced machine 2 is equipped on the pipeline;
The bottom of hothouse 31 is taper in the present embodiment, is successively cased with middle layer from inside to outside in the upper section of hothouse 31 8 and outer layer 7, middle layer 8 form closed cavity with outer layer 7 and 31 side wall of hothouse respectively, in middle layer 8 and 31 side of hothouse Wall, which is formed by cavity, is provided with heating resistance wire 9;7 lower section of outer layer is connected with air inlet pipe 25, and upper section is connected with escape pipe 26, Air inlet pipe 25 and escape pipe 26 extend to middle layer 8 and outer layer 7 is formed by cavity;Escape pipe 26 and air heater 3 Air inlet connects, and is equipped with air-introduced machine 2 in air inlet pipe 25.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is to advanced optimize on the basis of embodiment 1, is set on 31 inner sidewall of hothouse described in the present embodiment It is equipped with the groove 27 of annular, bracket is also equipped in hothouse 31, bracket includes top plate 6, bottom plate 19, heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and stands Column 23, top plate 6 and bottom plate 19 are that middle part is provided with the Circular Plate of circular hole 30, and the upper end of column 23 is connect with 6 bottom surface of top plate, lower end and The top surface of bottom plate 19 connects, and heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 winds cylindrical, 30 side of circular hole on the upper end of heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and top plate 6 The connection of wall edge, lower end connect with 30 sidewall edge of circular hole on bottom plate 19, and top plate 6 is connected in groove 27, top plate 6, bottom plate 19, Heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and 31 inner sidewall of hothouse constitute hot wind area 29, are connected with branch pipe 28, branch pipe in 3 gas outlet of air heater 28 sequentially pass through outer layer 7, middle layer 8,31 inner sidewall of hothouse after extend into hot wind area 29.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is to advanced optimize on the basis of embodiment 1, hothouse 31 described in the present embodiment include cylinder 10, Thermal insulation board 11 and tapered bottom plate 12, cylinder 10 are connect with tapered bottom plate 12 by thermal insulation board 11;It is cased with outside tapered bottom plate 12 outer Shell 13, shell 13 and tapered bottom plate 12 form cavity, and 13 lower section of shell is connected with water inlet pipe 15, and upper section is connected with outlet pipe 14, Water inlet pipe 15 is connected with water pump 18.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment is to advanced optimize on the basis of embodiment 1, and the outlet of cyclone separator 20 passes through in the present embodiment Pipeline is connect with liquid material slot 21, and one end of the pipeline outlet air is put in the material in liquid material slot 21, is provided at the top of liquid material slot 21 Gas outlet 211 for outlet.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is advanced optimized on the basis of embodiment 1,2,3 or 4, and 25 end of the air inlet pipe connection is free Air filter 1.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment is to advanced optimize on the basis of embodiment 1, is set on 31 inner sidewall of hothouse described in the present embodiment It is equipped with the groove 27 of annular, bracket is also equipped in hothouse 31, bracket includes top plate 6, bottom plate 19, heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and stands Column 23, top plate 6 and bottom plate 19 are that middle part is provided with the Circular Plate of circular hole 30, and the upper end of column 23 is connect with 6 bottom surface of top plate, lower end and The top surface of bottom plate 19 connects, and heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 winds cylindrical, 30 side of circular hole on the upper end of heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and top plate 6 The connection of wall edge, lower end connect with 30 sidewall edge of circular hole on bottom plate 19, and top plate 6 is connected in groove 27, top plate 6, bottom plate 19, Heat-resisting ventilative cloth 24 and 31 inner sidewall of hothouse constitute hot wind area 29, are connected with branch pipe 28, branch pipe in 3 gas outlet of air heater 28 sequentially pass through outer layer 7, middle layer 8,31 inner sidewall of hothouse after extend into hot wind area 29.
It advanced optimizes, the hothouse 31 includes cylinder 10, thermal insulation board 11 and tapered bottom plate 12, cylinder 10 and tapered bottom Plate 12 is connected by thermal insulation board 11;Shell 13 is cased with outside tapered bottom plate 12, shell 13 and tapered bottom plate 12 form cavity, shell 13 lower sections are connected with water inlet pipe 15, and upper section is connected with outlet pipe 14, and water inlet pipe 15 is connected with water pump 18.
It advanced optimizes, the outlet of cyclone separator 20 is connect by pipeline with liquid material slot 21, and one end of the pipeline outlet air is stretched In the material of feed liquor hopper 21.
It advanced optimizes, 25 end of air inlet pipe is connected with air filter 1.

Claims (5)

  1. Be tapered hothouse including bottom 1. a kind of efficient spray drying machine, it is characterised in that: hothouse upper section from interior It is successively cased with middle layer and outer layer outward, middle layer forms closed cavity with outer layer and hothouse side wall respectively, in middle layer It is formed by cavity with hothouse side wall and is provided with heating resistance wire;Outer layer lower section is connected with air inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with out Tracheae, air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe extends to middle layer and outer layer is formed by cavity;The sky that escape pipe is connect with hothouse Hot-air heater air inlet connects, and is equipped with air-introduced machine in air inlet pipe.
  2. 2. a kind of efficient spray drying machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be arranged on the hothouse inner sidewall There is the groove of annular, is also equipped with bracket in hothouse, bracket includes top plate and bottom plate, heat-resisting ventilative cloth and column, top plate and bottom Plate is that round-meshed Circular Plate is opened at middle part, and the upper end of column is connect with top board undersurface, the top surface connection of lower end and bottom plate, resistance to heat penetration Wind cloth winding is cylindrical, and circular hole sidewall edge connects on the upper end of heat-resisting ventilative cloth and top plate, circular hole side on lower end and bottom plate The connection of wall edge, top plate are connected in groove, and top plate and bottom plate, heat-resisting ventilative cloth and hothouse inner sidewall constitute hot wind area, air Heater air outlet is connected with branch pipe, and branch pipe extends into hot wind area after sequentially passing through outer layer, middle layer, hothouse inner sidewall.
  3. 3. a kind of efficient spray drying machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the hothouse include cylinder, every Hot plate and tapered bottom plate, cylinder are connect with tapered bottom plate by thermal insulation board;Shell, shell and tapered bottom are cased with outside tapered bottom plate Plate forms cavity, and housing lower section is connected with water inlet pipe, and upper section is connected with outlet pipe, and water inlet pipe is connected with water pump.
  4. 4. a kind of efficient spray drying machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the hothouse lower section passes through pipeline It is connected with cyclone separator, Cyclone outlet is connected to liquid material slot by pipeline, between cyclone separator and liquid material slot Pipeline on air-introduced machine is installed.
  5. 5. a kind of efficient spray drying machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air inlet tube end is connected with sky Air filter.
CN201820965932.3U 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of efficient spray drying machine Active CN208660385U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820965932.3U CN208660385U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of efficient spray drying machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820965932.3U CN208660385U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of efficient spray drying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208660385U true CN208660385U (en) 2019-03-29

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CN201820965932.3U Active CN208660385U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of efficient spray drying machine

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110240346A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-17 济宁学院 A kind of multi- scenarios method drying system and dry waste water treatment process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110240346A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-17 济宁学院 A kind of multi- scenarios method drying system and dry waste water treatment process

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