CN208657389U - A kind of alfalfa seed collection device - Google Patents

A kind of alfalfa seed collection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208657389U
CN208657389U CN201821335129.8U CN201821335129U CN208657389U CN 208657389 U CN208657389 U CN 208657389U CN 201821335129 U CN201821335129 U CN 201821335129U CN 208657389 U CN208657389 U CN 208657389U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
knucle
plate
tooth
collecting box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821335129.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王学敏
崔苗苗
庞永珍
温红雨
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Institute of Animal Science of CAAS
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Institute of Animal Science of CAAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201821335129.8U priority Critical patent/CN208657389U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208657389U publication Critical patent/CN208657389U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of alfalfa seed collection devices, including collecting box ontology;Second Knucle-gear is engaged with ring gear, and incomplete tooth is provided on the inside of ring gear, and incomplete tooth engagement has third Knucle-gear, and third Knucle-gear is engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear;The central axis of third Knucle-gear is connected with the first Knucle-gear;First Knucle-gear is engaged with rack gear, and rack gear is fixedly mounted on moving tooth plate, and quiet tooth plate is fixedly mounted on collecting box ontology.The utility model can carry out peeling to the pod of alfalfa, peeling effect is good by the cooperation of quiet tooth plate and the moving tooth plate that can be slided up and down;Seed and fruit pod can be separated by filter plate;It can speed up filter plate to the rate of filtration of seed by eccentric block;Present apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, can be realized to the peeling of alfalfa pod and is separated by filtration to seed and fruit pod, and peeling effect is good, and separating effect is good, can greatly improve the collection efficiency of seed.

Description

A kind of alfalfa seed collection device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to vegetable seeds collecting device technical field, and in particular to a kind of alfalfa seed collection dress It sets.
Background technique
Alfalfa, original name alfalfa also known as clover, pulse family clover category perennial herb.Alfalfa is known as " herbage King ", be that current grown worldwide is widest in area, a kind of maximum herbage of area;Be primarily due to alfalfa be not only it is a kind of high Vegetable protein high-quality feed, at the same be also one kind increase soil fertility well, fertilizer ground, protect environment green plants;Currently, domestic purple Russian fenugreek herb needs to be collected seed after harvesting, and the seed of alfalfa is smaller, and has fruit pod, typically will be purple The pod of russian fenugreek herb is beaten after drying, and seed is separated with fruit pod, is then sieved again, be all mostly by manually into Row operation, not only working efficiency is low, but also is easy to injure seed during beating, and influences the quality of seed.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned technical deficiency, collects and fill the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of alfalfa seed It sets, to solve the problems, such as that alfalfa seed collection efficiency is low in the prior art.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
The utility model provides a kind of alfalfa seed collection device, including collecting box ontology, setting in the collection The support frame of case outer body bottom, the feeding inlet for being provided with the collecting box bodies top and it is provided with the collecting box sheet The discharge port of body bottom side;It is fixedly installed with backplate on the outer wall of the collecting box ontology, is rotatably equipped in the backplate Second Knucle-gear, the central axis of second Knucle-gear and the output axis connection of first motor;Second Knucle-gear is engaged with Ring gear is provided with incomplete tooth on the inside of the ring gear, and the incomplete tooth engagement has third Knucle-gear, the third Knucle-gear It is engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear, when the incomplete tooth is kept completely separate with the third Knucle-gear, incomplete tooth and the described 4th Knucle-gear engagement;When the incomplete tooth and the 4th Knucle-gear are kept completely separate, incomplete tooth and the third Knucle-gear Engagement;The central axis of the third Knucle-gear extends to inside it through the side wall of collecting box ontology and is fixedly connected with the first knuckle-tooth Wheel;First Knucle-gear is engaged with rack gear, and the rack gear is fixedly mounted on moving tooth plate, and the moving tooth plate is slidably mounted on receipts In the sliding slot opened up in header ontology, quiet tooth plate compatible with the moving tooth plate is fixedly installed on the collecting box ontology, The lower section of feeding inlet is arranged in the moving tooth plate and quiet tooth plate;
An inclined filter plate is provided with below the quiet tooth plate, the one end of the filter plate far from quiet tooth plate is by turning Axis is hinged on the side wall of discharge port, and filter plate is equipped with eccentric block, the eccentric block close to one end rotated down of quiet tooth plate With the output axis connection of the second motor;The filter plate is fixedly installed with conveying plate, the conveying plate close to one end of discharge port One end far from filter plate extends to the outside of discharge port;The room that gathers materials is provided with below the filter plate.
Preferably, the basal sliding of the room that gathers materials is equipped with a pull plate.
Preferably, the angle of the filter plate and horizontal plane is 35 ° -40 °.
Preferably, the first motor and the second motor are variable-frequency motor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of alfalfa seed collection device provided by the utility model, passes through The cooperation of quiet tooth plate and the moving tooth plate that can be slided up and down can carry out peeling to the pod of alfalfa, and peeling effect is good;It is logical Seed and fruit pod can be separated by crossing filter plate;It can speed up filter plate to the rate of filtration of seed by eccentric block;This Apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, can be realized to the peeling of alfalfa pod and is separated by filtration to seed and fruit pod, Peeling effect is good, and separating effect is good, can greatly improve the collection efficiency of seed.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not made the creative labor Under, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of alfalfa seed collection device provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of the second Knucle-gear and ring gear in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of moving tooth plate and quiet tooth plate in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the partial schematic sectional view of the utility model.
Description of symbols:
1- collecting box ontology, 11- feeding inlet, the first Knucle-gear of 12-, 13- rack gear, 14- moving tooth plate, the quiet tooth plate of 15-, 16- Discharge port, 17- gather materials room, 2- support frame, 3- backplate, 31- first motor, the second Knucle-gear of 32-, 33- ring gear, 34- third circle Gear, the 4th Knucle-gear of 35-, the second motor of 4-, 41- eccentric block, 5- filter plate, 6- conveying plate.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of alfalfa seed collection device, including collecting box ontology 1, setting are in the receipts It the support frame 2 of 1 exterior bottom of header ontology, the feeding inlet 11 for being provided with 1 top of the collecting box ontology and is provided with described The discharge port 16 of 1 bottom side of collecting box ontology;Backplate 3, the backplate are fixedly installed on the outer wall of the collecting box ontology 1 The second Knucle-gear 32, the central axis of second Knucle-gear 32 and the output axis connection of first motor 31 are rotatably equipped in 3;Institute It states the second Knucle-gear 32 and is engaged with ring gear 33, the inside of the ring gear 33 is provided with incomplete tooth, and the incomplete tooth engagement has Third Knucle-gear 34, the third Knucle-gear 34 are engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear 35, when the incomplete tooth and the third knuckle-tooth When wheel 34 is kept completely separate, incomplete tooth is engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear 35;When the incomplete tooth and the 4th Knucle-gear 35 when being kept completely separate, and incomplete tooth is engaged with the third Knucle-gear 34;The central axis of the third Knucle-gear 34 is through collection The side wall of case ontology 1, which extends to inside it, is fixedly connected with the first Knucle-gear 12;First Knucle-gear 12 is engaged with rack gear 13, The rack gear 13 is fixedly mounted on moving tooth plate 14, and the moving tooth plate 14 is slidably mounted on the sliding slot opened up in collecting box ontology 1 In, it is fixedly installed with quiet tooth plate 15 compatible with the moving tooth plate 14 on the collecting box ontology 1, the moving tooth plate 14 and quiet The lower section of feeding inlet 11 is arranged in tooth plate 15;Wherein, the motor is fixedly mounted on 3 side wall of backplate;When the pod of alfalfa When fruit is entered in cabinet through feeding inlet 11, starting first motor 31, first motor 31 drives the second Knucle-gear 32 to rotate, and second Knucle-gear 32 drives ring gear 33 to rotate, and the incomplete tooth in ring gear 33 drives third Knucle-gear 34 to rotate, and third Knucle-gear 34 makes First Knucle-gear 12 is with 13 slide downward of carry-over bar, when incomplete tooth is separated with third Knucle-gear 34, incomplete tooth and the 4th Knucle-gear 35 engages, and the 4th Knucle-gear 35 drives the rotation of 34 opposite direction of third Knucle-gear, so that rack gear 13 be made to drive moving tooth plate 14 Upward sliding, it is final to realize that moving tooth plate 14 slides up and down, it, can will be pale reddish brown under the mating reaction of moving tooth plate 14 and quiet tooth plate 15 The fruit pod of clover is peeled off, and seed and fruit pod are separated;After seed and fruit pod separation, drop on filter plate 5, seed is through filter plate 5 are filled into the room 17 that gathers materials, and fruit pod is transported to the outside of collecting box ontology 1 through conveying plate 6, collects through ash can;
The lower section of the quiet tooth plate 15 is provided with an inclined filter plate 5, the one end of the filter plate 5 far from quiet tooth plate 15 It is hinged on by shaft on the side wall of discharge port 16, filter plate 5 is equipped with eccentric block close to one end rotated down of quiet tooth plate 15 41, the output axis connection of the eccentric block 41 and the second motor 4;The filter plate 5 is fixedly mounted close to one end of discharge port 16 There is conveying plate 6, the conveying plate 6 extends to the outside of discharge port 16 far from one end of filter plate 5;The lower section of the filter plate 5 It is provided with the room 17 that gathers materials;Wherein, second motor 4 is fixedly mounted on the lateral wall of collecting box ontology 1;The room 17 that gathers materials is used for The filtered seed of filter plate 5 is collected, conveying plate 6 is used for the fruit pod after delivery of filtered;Several filterings are provided on filter plate 5 Hole, the diameter of filter hole are only capable of passing through seed, and fruit pod cannot pass through;The eccentric block 41 realizes that filter plate 5 can be trembled up and down It is dynamic.
Preferably, the basal sliding for gathering materials room 17 is equipped with a pull plate, the seed to gather materials in room 17 can be received Collection comes out.
Preferably, the angle of the filter plate 5 and horizontal plane is 35 ° -40 °, and fruit pod can be made smoothly defeated from filter plate 5 It is sent in conveying plate 6.
Preferably, the first motor 31 and the second motor 4 are variable-frequency motor, can be adjusted according to the amount of investment dynamic The sliding speed of tooth plate 14 and the chattering frequency of filter plate 5, to accelerate peeling and filtering.
In use, the alfalfa seed with fruit pod is put into from feeding inlet 11, start first motor 31, first motor 31 The second Knucle-gear 32 is driven to rotate, the second Knucle-gear 32 drives ring gear 33 to rotate, and the incomplete tooth in ring gear 33 drives third circle Gear 34 rotates, and third Knucle-gear 34 makes the first Knucle-gear 12 with 13 slide downward of carry-over bar, when incomplete tooth and third knuckle-tooth When 34 separation of wheel, incomplete tooth is engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear 35, and the 4th Knucle-gear 35 drives the rotation of 34 opposite direction of third Knucle-gear, It is final to realize that moving tooth plate 14 slides up and down to make rack gear 13 drive 14 upward sliding of moving tooth plate, in moving tooth plate 14 and quiet tooth plate Under 15 mating reaction, the fruit pod of alfalfa can be peeled off, separate seed and fruit pod;After seed and fruit pod separation, fall Enter onto filter plate 5, seed is filled into the room 17 that gathers materials through filter plate 5, and fruit pod is transported to collecting box ontology 1 through conveying plate 6 Outside is collected through ash can;During filter plate 5 is filtered seed and fruit pod, starts the second motor 4, make second Motor 4 drives eccentric block 41 to rotate, and filter plate 5 is hit at the interval of eccentric block 41, so that filter plate 5 is generated shake, to accelerate Filtering of the filter plate 5 to seed and fruit pod.
A kind of alfalfa seed collection device provided by the utility model by quiet tooth plate 15 and can slide up and down The cooperation of moving tooth plate 14 can carry out peeling to the pod of alfalfa, and peeling effect is good;It can be to seed by filter plate 5 It is separated with fruit pod;It can speed up filter plate 5 to the rate of filtration of seed by eccentric block 41;Present apparatus structure is simple, makes With conveniently, it can be realized to the peeling of alfalfa pod and seed and fruit pod be separated by filtration, peeling effect is good, separation Effect is good, can greatly improve the collection efficiency of seed.
Obviously, it is practical without departing from this can to carry out various modification and variations to the utility model by those skilled in the art Novel spirit and scope.If in this way, these modifications and variations of the present invention belong to the utility model claims and Within the scope of its equivalent technologies, then the utility model is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of alfalfa seed collection device, which is characterized in that including collecting box ontology (1), be arranged in the collecting box It the support frame (2) of ontology (1) exterior bottom, the feeding inlet (11) being provided at the top of the collecting box ontology (1) and is provided with The discharge port (16) of collecting box ontology (1) bottom side;Backplate is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the collecting box ontology (1) (3), it is rotatably equipped with the second Knucle-gear (32) in the backplate (3), the central axis of second Knucle-gear (32) and the first electricity The output axis connection of machine (31);Second Knucle-gear (32) is engaged with ring gear (33), is provided on the inside of the ring gear (33) Incomplete tooth, the incomplete tooth engagement have third Knucle-gear (34), and the third Knucle-gear (34) is engaged with the 4th Knucle-gear (35), when the incomplete tooth and the third Knucle-gear (34) are kept completely separate, incomplete tooth and the 4th Knucle-gear (35) it engages;When the incomplete tooth and the 4th Knucle-gear (35) are kept completely separate, incomplete tooth and the third knuckle-tooth Take turns (34) engagement;It is internal fixed that side wall of the central axis of the third Knucle-gear (34) through collecting box ontology (1) extends to it It is connected with the first Knucle-gear (12);First Knucle-gear (12) is engaged with rack gear (13), and the rack gear (13) is fixedly mounted on On moving tooth plate (14), the moving tooth plate (14) is slidably mounted in the sliding slot opened up in collecting box ontology (1), the collecting box sheet Compatible quiet tooth plate (15), the moving tooth plate (14) and quiet tooth plate with the moving tooth plate (14) are fixedly installed on body (1) (15) it is arranged in the lower section of feeding inlet (11);
An inclined filter plate (5) is provided with below the quiet tooth plate (15), the filter plate (5) is far from quiet tooth plate (15) One end is hinged on the side wall of discharge port (16) by shaft, and one end rotated down of the filter plate (5) close to quiet tooth plate (15) is pacified Equipped with eccentric block (41), the output axis connection of the eccentric block (41) and the second motor (4);The filter plate (5) is close to discharging One end of mouth (16) is fixedly installed with conveying plate (6), and the conveying plate (6) extends to discharge port far from the one end of filter plate (5) (16) outside;The room that gathers materials (17) are provided with below the filter plate (5).
2. a kind of alfalfa seed collection device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom of the room that gathers materials (17) Portion is slidably fitted with a pull plate.
3. a kind of alfalfa seed collection device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the filter plate (5) and water The angle of plane is 35 ° -40 °.
4. a kind of alfalfa seed collection device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor (31) and Second motor (4) is variable-frequency motor.
CN201821335129.8U 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of alfalfa seed collection device Expired - Fee Related CN208657389U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821335129.8U CN208657389U (en) 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of alfalfa seed collection device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821335129.8U CN208657389U (en) 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of alfalfa seed collection device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208657389U true CN208657389U (en) 2019-03-29

Family

ID=65837526

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821335129.8U Expired - Fee Related CN208657389U (en) 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of alfalfa seed collection device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208657389U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190329

Termination date: 20200817

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee