CN208621971U - Irrigation canal system - Google PatentsIrrigation canal system Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN208621971U CN208621971U CN201721841403.4U CN201721841403U CN208621971U CN 208621971 U CN208621971 U CN 208621971U CN 201721841403 U CN201721841403 U CN 201721841403U CN 208621971 U CN208621971 U CN 208621971U
- Prior art keywords
- irrigation canal
- reducer pipe
- data transmission
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 230000002262 irrigation Effects 0.000 title claims abstract description 70
- 238000003973 irrigation Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 70
- 239000003638 reducing agent Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 33
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 claims description 20
- 230000001276 controlling effect Effects 0.000 claims description 10
- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 claims description 8
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 claims description 6
- 238000004891 communication Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000003780 insertion Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 230000001105 regulatory Effects 0.000 claims description 3
- 210000004940 Nucleus Anatomy 0.000 description 4
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 3
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 3
- 238000011161 development Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000005611 electricity Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000007405 data analysis Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000003993 interaction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000003621 irrigation water Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005259 measurement Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000011160 research Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 description 1
The utility model discloses a kind of irrigation canal system, the irrigation canal being connected to including several with trunk canal is connected to by reducer pipe between the trunk canal and irrigation canal described in every, and the diameter of the reducer pipe is 40-200cm.Traffic conditions automatic implementation by implementing acquisition irrigation canal is irrigated, and is irrigated each link and is realized precisely metering irrigation volume, automation, intelligence, precision, scientific, information system management and the control in irrigated area may be implemented.
The utility model belongs to irrigation technique field, and in particular to a kind of irrigation canal system.
Water resource is strategy and basic resource important in the national economic development, how to improve agricultural water efficiency, is reduced Huge waste in agricultural water has become a great problem that the whole society pays close attention to jointly.For the water-saving and accurate control of irrigation system Problem carries out irrigated area wisdom canal system management system research, the intelligentized irrigation flow monitoring of development of new and control equipment in a deep going way, To water resource overall utilization rate is improved, the contradiction of supply and demand for the water resource is effectively relieved and is of great significance.Irrigation system mostly uses at present Manually, timing, see day, see the modes such as soil moisture content, and mostly crop field irrigate, extensive management, water-use efficiency are low, cause water resource Serious waste.
[utility model content]
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of irrigation canal systems, to solve the defect of the above-mentioned prior art.
The utility model uses following technical scheme: irrigation canal system, the irrigation canal being connected to including several with trunk canal, institute It states and is connected to by reducer pipe between trunk canal and irrigation canal described in every, the diameter of the reducer pipe is 40-200cm.
Further, it is provided with gate between reducer pipe and the irrigation canal, is provided with biography on the every reducer pipe Sensor, for the sensor for monitoring the water flow information for entering irrigation canal by trunk canal, the sensor is communicatively connected to filling Canal real-time traffic terminal is irrigate, the irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal is communicatively connected to data transmission trunking system, and the data pass Defeated relay system is communicatively connected to the controlling terminal；
The irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal for the flow information of reducer pipe where collecting, and is sent it to described Data transmission trunking system；
The data transmission trunking system, for each flow information being collected into be sent to controlling terminal；
The controlling terminal, when for generating opening degree and the unlatching of regulating gate according to the flow information received Between instruction, and described instruction is delivered to gate through the data transmission trunking system, irrigation is entered by gate to control The water flow of canal.
Further, the bottom of reducer pipe is provided with plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter, the top of the every reducer pipe It is provided with liquid level sensor, each plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter and each equal data of the liquid level sensor are connected to Corresponding irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal, each irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal are all set in outside the corresponding reducer pipe Side.
Further, the insertion depth of plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter is 10mm-1900mm.
Further, data transmission trunking system is provided with two or more, in 4000 meters of length ranges Several adjacent irrigation canal real-time traffic terminals are communicatively connected to the same data transmission trunking system.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: being irrigated by the traffic conditions automatic implementation for implementing acquisition irrigation canal, irrigate Each link realizes precisely metering irrigation volume, and automation, intelligence, precision, the scientific, information system management in irrigated area may be implemented With control.
[Detailed description of the invention]
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model irrigation canal system；
Fig. 2 is the reducer pipe schematic diagram of the utility model irrigation canal system；
Fig. 3 is the gate locating structural schematic diagram of the utility model irrigation canal system.
Wherein, how general 1. controlling terminal, 3. irrigation canal real-time traffic terminals, 4. data transmission trunking systems, 6. ultrasonic waves are Strangle current meter, 7. reducer pipes, 8. plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeters, 9. liquid level sensors, 20. gates.
Below by drawings and examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
The utility model provides a kind of irrigation canal system, the irrigation canal being connected to including several with trunk canal, trunk canal and every It is connected to by reducer pipe between irrigation canal, the diameter of reducer pipe is 40-200cm.Every reducer pipe 7 and adjacent irrigation canal Between be provided with gate 20, be provided with sensor on every reducer pipe 7, sensor enters irrigation canal by trunk canal for monitoring Water flow information, sensor are communicatively connected to irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3, and irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3 communicates to connect To data transmission trunking system 4, data transmission trunking system 4 is communicatively connected to controlling terminal 1.
Because water flow from trunk canal to irrigation canal after can generate vortex in irrigation canal, then directly in irrigation canal side water level and Flow velocity is just inaccurate, irrigation process is just unable to accurately control, so the application increases among the switching in trunk canal to irrigation canal The diameter of a piece reducer pipe 7, reducer pipe 7 is less than the diameter in trunk canal and the diameter of irrigation canal, and water level is then measured at reducer pipe 7 With will be more accurate when flow velocity.
Irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3 for the flow information of reducer pipe 7 where collecting, and sends it to data biography Defeated relay system 4；Data transmission trunking system 4, for each flow information being collected into be sent to controlling terminal 1；Control Terminal 1, for generating the opening degree of regulating gate 20 and the instruction of opening time according to the flow information received, and will Instruction is delivered to gate 20 through data transmission trunking system 4, to control the water flow for entering irrigation canal by gate 20.
Wherein, data transmission trunking system 4 is provided with two or more, several in 4000 meters of length ranges The adjacent irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3 of item is communicatively connected to the same data transmission trunking system 4.
The bottom of every reducer pipe 7 is provided with plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter 8, and the top of every reducer pipe 7 is respectively provided with There is liquid level sensor 9, each plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter 8 and the equal data of each liquid level sensor 9 are connected to corresponding irrigation Canal real-time traffic terminal 3, each irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3 are all set in corresponding 7 outside of reducer pipe.
Wherein, the insertion depth of plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter 8 is 10mm-1900mm, a length of 40cm of reducer pipe 7, diameter For 40-200cm, liquid level sensor 9 is ultrasonic level gage or pressure-type liquidometer.Pass through 8 He of plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter Liquidometer can acquire the flow information of irrigation canal.It specifically includes: water flow instantaneous velocity, water flow instantaneous flow, this irrigation water Flow total flow, water flow instantaneous height, this irrigate time started, this irrigate end time, this each component working condition When information, the fault message of this each component, the enabling time of equipment, the working time timing of equipment and equipment residue work Between.Each component is plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter 8 and liquidometer.
Wherein, water flow instantaneous velocity: for indicating the water velocity at current time；Water flow instantaneous flow: work as indicating The water flow volume of the outflow at preceding moment；This irrigation advance total flow: the water of total outflow at the end of for indicating this irrigation The volume of stream；Water flow instantaneous height: the height value of current time water flow is indicated；This irrigates the time started: indicating this irrigation The instantaneous moment that there are flowing out；This irrigates the end time: indicating that this irrigates the real time of day for terminating water outlet；This each component Work state information: indicate this irrigation in each sensor normal work code, 1 indicate work normally, 0 indicate therefore Barrier；The fault message of this each component: indicating each sensor fault in this irrigation, and 0 indicates power supply trouble, and 1 indicates countless Value output；The enabling time of equipment: indicating this node device enabling time, to prompt the warranty period；When the work of equipment Between timing: indicate the working time of this secondary device；The equipment residue working time: it indicates apart from quality guarantee period still remaining reliably working Time.
Gate 20 is set to reducer pipe 7 and irrigation canal junction, and gate 20 is that the design of measurement and control integration gate system includes The design of sluice structure part, mechanical actuation device, control device, electrical energy supply device, fault pre-alarming disposal plant etc..Gate Structure and control section, need specifically to provide.
The electric energy control device of gate, which can be 220V mains-supplied and be also possible to solar energy, to be powered, which is lock Controlling device for doors provides power；Control device carries out the control such as gate opening, closing, positioning, control device according to superior instructions Relevant control instruction is converted into command adapted thereto required for mechanical device, control mechanical device carry out the unlatching of gate, closing, The movement such as positioning, the part carry out machine driving by traditional mechanisms such as screw rod, worm screws, realize the unlatching, closing, positioning of gate Deng；Fault pre-alarming processing generally comprises height early warning, electricity shortage early warning, communication early warning etc., and height early warning indicates that gate rises Height reach predetermined altitude or have reached gate upper (maximum height, expression be all turned on) or lowermost position (minimum constructive height, Indicate closing gate)；Sluice gate structure division is mainly used to fixed gate, including gate frame, gate hand-operated lifting gate machine The components such as structure.
The utility model further includes handheld terminal, is carried for service personnel, to irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal 3 Working order check and emergency processing, handheld terminal include display module, power supply unit and control button, display module, Power supply unit and the equal data of control button are connected to master control nucleus module, and master control nucleus module is by communication antenna module and irrigates The interaction of canal real-time traffic terminal 3.
Display module, for showing the number information and device status information of the canal system terminal interacted；Communication antenna Module carries out the exchange of information data for canal system terminal and master control nucleus module；Power supply module, for supplying handheld terminal Electricity；Master control nucleus module, for carrying out data processing and data analysis, the authorization code for receiving higher level's Background control terminal is shaken hands association The device numbering and fault message of negotiation canal system terminal send authorization control code and give Background control terminal, obtain to canal system terminal Control, obtain to implement the emergency of canal system terminal such as to shut down to control and carry out respective dimension after control and repair.
1. irrigation canal system, which is characterized in that the irrigation canal being connected to including several with trunk canal, the trunk canal and every filling It irrigates and is connected to by reducer pipe between canal, the diameter of the reducer pipe is 40-200cm；
Further include being provided between reducer pipe (7) and the irrigation canal gate (20), is provided on the every reducer pipe (7) Sensor, for monitoring the water flow information for entering irrigation canal by trunk canal, the sensor is communicatively connected to the sensor Irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3), the irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3) are communicatively connected to data transmission trunking system (4), The data transmission trunking system (4) is communicatively connected to controlling terminal (1)；
The irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3) for the flow information of reducer pipe (7) where collecting, and sends it to institute State data transmission trunking system (4)；
The data transmission trunking system (4), for the flow information being collected into be sent to controlling terminal (1)；
The controlling terminal (1), for generating the opening degree of regulating gate (20) according to the flow information received and opening The instruction of time is opened, and described instruction is delivered to gate (20) through the data transmission trunking system (4), to control by lock Door (20) enters the water flow of irrigation canal.
2. irrigation canal system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom of the reducer pipe (7) is provided with insertion Formula ultrasonic flowmeter (8) is provided with liquid level sensor (9) at the top of the every reducer pipe (7), each plug-in type Ultrasonic flowmeter (8) and each liquid level sensor (9) data are connected to corresponding irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3), each irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3) is all set on the outside of the corresponding reducer pipe (7).
3. irrigation canal system as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the insertion of the plug-in type ultrasonic flowmeter (8) Depth is 10mm-1900mm.
4. irrigation canal system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the data transmission trunking system (4) is provided with two It is a or more than two, several adjacent irrigation canal real-time traffic terminal (3) equal communication links in 4000 meters of length ranges It is connected to the same data transmission trunking system (4).
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201721841403.4U CN208621971U (en)||2017-12-26||2017-12-26||Irrigation canal system|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201721841403.4U CN208621971U (en)||2017-12-26||2017-12-26||Irrigation canal system|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN208621971U true CN208621971U (en)||2019-03-19|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201721841403.4U Active CN208621971U (en)||2017-12-26||2017-12-26||Irrigation canal system|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN208621971U (en)|
- 2017-12-26 CN CN201721841403.4U patent/CN208621971U/en active Active
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