CN208505648U - Soil sample acquisition device - Google Patents

Soil sample acquisition device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208505648U
CN208505648U CN201820956483.6U CN201820956483U CN208505648U CN 208505648 U CN208505648 U CN 208505648U CN 201820956483 U CN201820956483 U CN 201820956483U CN 208505648 U CN208505648 U CN 208505648U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary barrel
drill bit
soil sample
acquisition device
sample acquisition
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Application number
CN201820956483.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李鑫
别峰
别一峰
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Qingdao New Era Testing And Evaluation Co Ltd
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Qingdao New Era Testing And Evaluation Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of soil sample acquisition devices, it is related to testing sampling apparatus technical field, its key points of the technical solution are that including rotary barrel, two sides are symmetrically arranged with cylinder handle at the top of the rotary barrel, the rotary barrel side wall is vertically carved with scale, the rotary barrel side wall is equipped with cylinder chip space, rotary barrel upper end is equipped with end cap, the shaft of end cap is equipped with through end cap and is threadedly connected to inside rotary barrel, the shaft upper end is equipped with hand wheel, shaft lower end passes through rotary barrel bottom and is connected with fan-shaped drill bit, the end face diameter of the sector drill bit is identical as barrel diameter, disk is equipped with above the drill bit, the disk, which is sheathed on shaft and slides, is connected to rotary barrel side wall, be equipped on the upside of disk draw high disk draw high component.The utility model solves the problems, such as soil sample acquisition device, and structure is complicated, not Portable belt, has reached that soil sample acquisition device structure is simple, portable effect.

Description

Soil sample acquisition device
Technical field
The utility model relates to test acquisition device field, in particular to a kind of soil sample acquisition device.
Background technique
For the scholar in terms of agricultural or in terms of environment, acquisition soil sample carries out Nutrient Status either environment Quality Evaluation Analysis is common occurrence feelings.In collection process, the experimental soil for needing often to collect different depth Sample, such as 0-20cm, 20-40cm, 40-60cm etc., requirement is strict to soil sample depth when acquiring such soil sample.Most Common acquisition soil sample is exactly traditional acquisition mode, i.e. manually sampling, mainly graduated scale and spade cooperating.Utilize this Quadrat method sampling, researcher are generally required first to measure depth, be then sampled again, and process is comparatively laborious, quasi- True property is also poor, is tested using such sample, experimental result more or less can all be affected.
The prior art can refer to the Chinese utility model that Authorization Notice No. is CN206235477U, and it discloses a kind of soil samples Acquisition device, including rack, fan-shaped drill bit, motor and external solar panel, upper surface middle part is fixedly mounted in rack One screw sheel, screw sheel is interior to be arranged a screw rod, and the bottom end of screw rod connects electric motor protecting frame, and setting is electric in electric motor protecting frame Machine, the lower part of electric motor protecting frame are equipped with a fan-shaped drill bit being connected with the output shaft of motor, and electric power storage is fixedly installed in the side of rack Soil sample case is fixedly installed in pond, the other side of rack, and the lower section of external solar panel is arranged work box, works in box Main storage battery is set.But this kind of soil sample acquisition device includes the components such as motor and external solar panel, fills this kind It sets than cumbersome, thus not Portable belt.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of soil sample acquisition devices, with simple, the easy to carry advantage of structure.
The above-mentioned technical purpose of the utility model has the technical scheme that
A kind of soil sample acquisition device, including rotary barrel, rotary barrel top two sides are symmetrically arranged with cylinder handle, institute It states rotary barrel side wall and is vertically carved with scale, the rotary barrel side wall is equipped with cylinder chip space, the rotary barrel upper end Equipped with end cap, the shaft of end cap is equipped with through end cap and is threadedly connected to inside the rotary barrel, the shaft upper end is set There is hand wheel, the shaft lower end passes through rotary barrel bottom and is connected with fan-shaped drill bit, and the end face of the sector drill bit is straight Diameter is slightly less than the diameter of cylinder lumen, and disk is equipped with above the drill bit, and the disk is sheathed on shaft and slides and is connected to Rotary barrel side wall, the disk upper end be equipped with draw high disk draw high component.
By using above scheme, before sampling, shifting disk onto rotary barrel bottom by drawing high component makes soil should not be into Enter inside rotary barrel, fan-shaped drill bit is moved to by rotary barrel bottom by rotation handwheel.When sampling, pass through rotational handle band Dynamic rotary barrel is rotated together with fan-shaped drill bit, and such rotary barrel is moved downward with fan-shaped drill bit, the soil that fan-shaped drill bit drills out Be discharged from the chip space of rotary barrel, by scale on rotary barrel observe rotary barrel whether reach with sector drill bit it is specified Position.After rotary barrel and fan-shaped drill bit reach designated position, disk is drawn to corresponding position by drawing high component, is at this moment justified The area Cun Tu is formed on disk and rotary barrel bottom.By rotation manual runner rotating shaft, rotating shaft drives fan-shaped drill bit downward It continues to rotate, the soil that fan-shaped drill bit drills out at this time enters the area Cun Tu inside rotary barrel from the chip space of fan-shaped drill bit.Work as receipts When collecting enough soil samples, reversion hand wheel drives fan-shaped drill bit to move upwards, when rotation manual runner be clearly felt that compared with When big pressure, illustrate that the soil sample in the area Cun Tu at this time has been compacted, sampling is completed at this time.After sampling, it will be rotated by reversion handle Cylinder moves up, and completes entire sampling process.In conclusion such soil sample acquisition device structure is simple, it is easy to operate, and Not comprising bulky component, thus operate fairly simple.
Preferably, the cylinder chip space spiral is arranged in rotary barrel side wall.
By using above scheme, the setting of chip space spiral is unanimous on the whole with the direction of rotation of rotary barrel, in this way can be with The resistance of soil and chip removal groove sidewall is reduced, is convenient for the discharge of soil in this way, soil is smoothly discharged, convenient for fan-shaped drill bit and rotation Drum body moves downward, and makes soil sample acquisition device convenient to use in this way.
Preferably, the rotary barrel side wall is equipped with the cutting edge of a knife or a sword side with the same hand of spiral of cylinder chip space.
By using above scheme, in rotary barrel and fan-shaped drill bit rotation process, if only passing through fan-shaped drill bit one Side plays a leading role, and the decrease speed that will lead to rotary barrel and fan-shaped drill bit is slower, and cutting edge of a knife or a sword side is arranged in this way on chip space to be made Rotary barrel also bore to soil and be moved, and drill bit fan-shaped in this way and rotary barrel rotate the lower reduction of speed that can accelerate them simultaneously Degree, can reduce the operating time of soil sample acquisition device in this way.
Preferably, the sector drill bit is equipped with multiple tracks flute of drill, the open at one end of flute of drill runs through sector The end face of drill bit.
By using above scheme, the volume of fan-shaped drill bit is bigger, and the quantity of the soil drilled out is larger, and the soil drilled out Earth is distributed in the surrounding of fan-shaped drill bit, can accelerate the velocity of discharge of soil by the way that multiple tracks chip space is arranged, and then can accelerate The speed of service of drill bit, the operating time that can be down-sampled in this way.
Preferably, the end face of the sector drill bit, which is vertically equipped with, is located at interior circle for flute of drill is open at one end Ring, the end face diameter of the annulus are identical as the fan-shaped end face diameter of drill bit.
By using above scheme, annulus is rotated together with fan-shaped drill bit during fan-shaped drill bit brill is dynamic, what drill bit drilled out Soil sample enters in annulus from the end face of flute of drill opening, can prevent fan-shaped drill bit from causing in uphill process largely in this way Soil sample is trickled down.
Preferably, the component that draws high includes multiple lead screws through end cap, the lead screw setting is described in disk upper end Lead screw upper end is equipped with lead screw handle, and the end cap upper end and lead screw junction are equipped with holding nut.
By using above scheme, draws high component and disk is pulled to move upwards the volume for increasing the area Cun Tu, draw high component and push away Dynamic disk moves downward the volume for reducing the area Cun Tu, can change the volume in the area Cun Tu by drawing high component in this way, sample-grabber can To be selected according to the area actual samples Liang Duicuntu volume, after when the area Cun Tu, volume is chosen, by the way that holding nut is screwed onto end It covers end to limit lead screw, the volume in such area Cun Tu is not just changing.
Preferably, the lead screw is arranged two and is symmetricly set on disk upper end.
By using above scheme, because the diameter of disk is identical as the diameter of rotary barrel inner cavity, setting can subtract in this way Few rotary barrel side wall is convenient for going up and down disk in this way to the frictional force of disk side wall.
Preferably, the end cap upper end and the junction of shaft are equipped with fixture nut.
By using above scheme, during rotary barrel and fan-shaped drill bit, drill bit will receive soil applied it is anti- To active force, this opposition can make drill bit is slight to move up, by be arranged fixture nut can prevent drill bit to Upper movement.
Preferably, the rotary barrel side wall is equipped with several fixation kits, the fixation kit includes tilting down setting In the guide rod of rotary barrel side wall, the guide rod is threaded with the inserted link being obliquely installed, and the inserted link upper end is connected with inserted link Handle, the inserted link lower end are connected with small drill bit.
By using above scheme, in sampling process, stop operating rotary barrel, at this time rotating shaft, because shaft with Rotary barrel is threadedly coupled, and for shaft during rotating down, rotary barrel can do slight movement.At this time by rotating small hand Inserted link is diagonally inserted into soil by handle, and such rotary barrel has fixation.
Preferably, the fixation kit is set as two and is symmetricly set on rotary barrel two sides.
By using above scheme, the two sides of rotary barrel are fixed in two fixation kits, more stable in this way, can Prevent rotary barrel run-off the straight.
In conclusion the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
Structure is simple, provides implementation point by setting handle and hand wheel convenient for operation, rotation rotary barrel, The labor intensity of sample collector can be mitigated when fan-shaped drill bit and inserted link significantly.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is embodiment overall structure diagram;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view that sampling apparatus internal structure is highlighted in embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 2 at A;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram for highlighting fan-shaped drill bit in embodiment and connecting with annulus.
In figure, 1, rotary barrel;11, cylinder handle;12, cylinder chip space;13, end cap;14, scale;15, cutting edge of a knife or a sword side;16, The area Cun Tu;21, shaft;211, hand wheel;22, fan-shaped drill bit;221, flute of drill;23, annulus;24, fixture nut; 31, disk;321, lead screw;322, lead screw handle;323, holding nut;41, guide rod;42, inserted link;421, small drill bit;422, it inserts Bar handle.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.The wherein identical attached drawing of identical components Label indicates.It should be noted that word "front", "rear" used in the following description, "left", "right", "up" and "down" refer to It is the direction in attached drawing, word " bottom surface " and " top surface ", "inner" and "outside" are referred respectively to towards or away from particular elements geometry The direction at center.
Embodiment: a kind of soil sample acquisition device, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including rotary barrel 1,1 two sides pair of rotary barrel Title is connected with cylinder handle 11, and 1 side wall of rotary barrel is vertically carved with scale 14, and 1 side wall of rotary barrel offers cylinder chip removal Slot 12.1 upper end of rotary barrel is welded with end cap 13, is equipped with inside rotary barrel 1 through end cap 13 and is threadedly connected to end cap The junction of 13 shaft 21,13 upper end of end cap and shaft 21 is equipped with fixture nut 24.21 upper end of shaft is equipped with hand wheel 211,21 lower end of shaft passes through 1 bottom of rotary barrel and is connected with fan-shaped drill bit 22.The end face diameter of fan-shaped drill bit 22 is slightly less than The diameter of cylinder lumen is equipped with disk 31 above fan-shaped drill bit 22, and soil is deposited in the spacing formation between fan-shaped drill bit 22 and disk 31 Area 16.Disk 31, which is sheathed on shaft 21 and slides, is connected to 1 side wall of rotary barrel, and 31 upper end of disk is equipped with and draws high disk 31 Draw high component.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, drawing high component includes two lead screws 321 for running through end cap 13, and two lead screws 321 are symmetrically set It sets in 31 upper end of disk, 321 upper end of lead screw is fixedly connected with lead screw handle 322,13 upper end of end cap and 321 junction screw thread of lead screw It is connected with holding nut 323.Drawing high component by setting can change the volume in the area Cun Tu 16, in this way answer soil sample acquisition device It is wider with range.
As shown in figure 3,12 spiral of cylinder chip space is arranged in 1 side wall of rotary barrel, 1 side wall of rotary barrel is equipped with and cylinder The cutting edge of a knife or a sword side 15 of the same hand of spiral of chip space 12, cutting edge of a knife or a sword side 15 are arranged close to cylinder chip space 12.Be arranged cutting edge of a knife or a sword side 15, be for the ease of Rotary barrel 1 can be rotated down quickly.
As shown in figure 4, offer twice flute of drill 221 on fan-shaped drill bit 22, flute of drill 221 it is open at one end Through the end face of fan-shaped drill bit 22, the end face of fan-shaped drill bit 22 is vertically equipped with and is located at flute of drill 221 is open at one end Interior annulus 23, the end face diameter of annulus 23 are identical as the fan-shaped end face diameter of drill bit 22.The volume of fan-shaped drill bit 22 is bigger, It is in order to which the resistance for allowing drill bit to rotate reduces by the way that twice flute of drill 221 is arranged.
As shown in Figure 1,1 side wall of rotary barrel is set there are two fixation kit, two fixation kits are symmetricly set on rotating cylinder 1 two sides of body, fixation kit include tilting down the guide rod 41 for being set to 1 side wall of rotary barrel, and guide rod 41 is threaded with inclination The inserted link 42 of setting, 42 upper end of inserted link are connected with slevis handle 422, and 42 lower end of inserted link is connected with small drill bit 421.Two fixed groups 1 two sides of rotary barrel are fixed in part, and such rotary barrel 1 will not shift, and the soil sample taken out in this way is more accurate.
This kind of soil sample acquisition device use process is as follows:
Seven steps of sampling process point:
The first step is sampled, shifting disk 31 onto rotary barrel 1 bottom by drawing high component makes soil not enter rotary barrel 1 Fan-shaped drill bit 22 is moved to 1 bottom of rotary barrel by rotation handwheel by inside.
Second step is sampled, it is by nut 323 that shaft 21 is fixed before rotating rotary barrel 1, then pass through rotational handle Rotary barrel 1 is driven to rotate together with fan-shaped drill bit 22, such rotary barrel 1 is moved downward with fan-shaped drill bit 22, fan-shaped drill bit 22 soil drilled out are discharged from the cylinder chip space 12 of rotary barrel 1, observe rotary barrel 1 by the scale 14 on rotary barrel 1 Whether designated position is reached with fan-shaped drill bit 22.
Third step is sampled, after rotary barrel 1 and the fan-shaped arrival of drill bit 22 designated position, by drawing high component for disk 31 It draws to corresponding position, at this moment the area Cun Tu 16 is formed on disk 31 and 1 bottom of rotary barrel.
The 4th step is sampled, before rotation manual runner 211 carries out soil sample acquisition, rotation slevis handle 422 plugs in inserted link 42 Enter in soil, rotary barrel 1 is limited by the inserted link 42 being inserted into soil.
The 5th cloth is sampled, by 211 rotating shaft 21 of rotation manual runner, rotating shaft 21 drives fan-shaped drill bit 22 downwards Rotation, the soil sample that fan-shaped drill bit 22 drills out at this time enter annulus 23 and fan-shaped drill bit 22 from the cylinder chip space 12 of fan-shaped drill bit 22 In the memory space that end face is formed.
The 6th step is sampled, when being collected into enough soil samples, reversion hand wheel 211 drives fan-shaped drill bit 22 fortune upwards It is dynamic, soil sample is transported in the area Cun Tu 16, when rotation manual runner 211 is clearly felt that larger pressure, illustrates the area Cun Tu at this time 16 soil sample has been compacted, and sampling is completed at this time.
The 7th step is sampled, after the completion of sampling, slevis handle 422 is first rotated and extract inserted link 42 from soil out, pass through reversion Handle moves up rotary barrel 1, completes entire sampling process.
This specific embodiment is only the explanation to the utility model, is not limitations of the present invention, ability Field technique personnel can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but As long as all by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of soil sample acquisition device, including rotary barrel (1), it is characterised in that: two sides pair at the top of the rotary barrel (1) Claim to be equipped with cylinder handle (11), rotary barrel (1) side wall is equipped with cylinder chip space (12), rotary barrel (1) side wall It is vertically carved with scale (14), rotary barrel (1) upper end is equipped with end cap (13), is equipped with and passes through inside the rotary barrel (1) The shaft (21) worn end cap (13) and be threadedly connected to end cap (13), shaft (21) upper end are equipped with hand wheel (211), Shaft (21) lower end passes through rotary barrel (1) bottom and is connected with fan-shaped drill bit (22), the end of the sector drill bit (22) Face diameter is identical as the diameter of rotary barrel (1), is equipped with disk (31) above the drill bit, and the disk (31) is sheathed on shaft (21) and slide and be connected to rotary barrel (1) side wall, disk (31) upper end be equipped with draw high disk (31) draw high component.
2. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: cylinder chip space (12) the spiral setting exists Rotary barrel (1) side wall.
3. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: rotary barrel (1) side wall is equipped with and cylinder The cutting edge of a knife or a sword side (15) of body chip space (12) same hand of spiral.
4. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sector drill bit (22) is bored equipped with multiple tracks Head chip space (221), the end face open at one end through fan-shaped drill bit (22) of the flute of drill (221).
5. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the end face of the sector drill bit (22) is vertically Equipped with being located at interior annulus (23) for flute of drill (221) is open at one end, the end face diameter of the annulus (23) and fan-shaped The end face diameter of drill bit (22) is identical.
6. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the component that draws high includes multiple through end cap (13) lead screw (321), in disk (31) upper end, lead screw (321) upper end is equipped with lead screw handle for lead screw (321) setting (322), end cap (13) upper end and lead screw (321) junction are equipped with holding nut (323).
7. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the lead screw (321) is arranged two and right Claim to be arranged in disk (31) upper end.
8. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: end cap (13) upper end and shaft (21) Junction is equipped with fixture nut (24).
9. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: rotary barrel (1) side wall is equipped with several Fixation kit, the fixation kit include tilting down the guide rod (41) for being set to rotary barrel (1) side wall, the guide rod (41) It is threaded with the inserted link (42) being obliquely installed, inserted link (42) upper end is connected with slevis handle (422), the inserted link (42) Lower end is connected with small drill bit (421).
10. soil sample acquisition device according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the fixation kit (4) be set as two and It is symmetricly set on rotary barrel (1) two sides.
CN201820956483.6U 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Soil sample acquisition device Active CN208505648U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820956483.6U CN208505648U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Soil sample acquisition device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820956483.6U CN208505648U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Soil sample acquisition device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208505648U true CN208505648U (en) 2019-02-15

Family

ID=65285638

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820956483.6U Active CN208505648U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Soil sample acquisition device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208505648U (en)

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