CN208402495U - A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting - Google Patents

A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208402495U
CN208402495U CN201821120460.8U CN201821120460U CN208402495U CN 208402495 U CN208402495 U CN 208402495U CN 201821120460 U CN201821120460 U CN 201821120460U CN 208402495 U CN208402495 U CN 208402495U
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China
Prior art keywords
harvesting
frame
sorghum
auger
feeding
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CN201821120460.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
成东江
姚志军
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Shijiazhuang Heaven And Earth Agricultural Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Shijiazhuang Heaven And Earth Agricultural Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting, including header frame, are uniformly fixed with harvesting frame mechanism in header frame front end;Cutter knife mechanism is installed at the harvesting frame rear portion of harvesting frame mechanism;It is coaxially connected between the transmission input shaft of adjacent harvesting frame mechanism;It is located at harvesting frame mechanism rear on header frame and feeding auger is installed, it is evenly equipped in the middle part of feeding auger multiple by two helix arrangements and oppositely oriented flexible finger, crankshaft is fixed with inside feeding auger, the flexible finger is inserted into inside feeding auger and inner end is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft;It is symmetrically arranged on header frame positioned at two sides and helps standing grain auger.Beneficial effect is: row spacing adaptability is good, can normal operation in the case where line-spacing error is little;Half feeding harvesting is realized, ceding of Taiwan feed quantity is greatly reduced and shelling cleans workload;Flood dragon can be fed to after material feeding rapidly and is fed into harvester gap bridge, the sorghum effect of the high stalk of harvest lodging is good.

Description

A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of agricultural machinery, in particular to a kind of sorghum harvest for sorghum harvesting is cut Platform.
Background technique
Sorghum is the Important Economic crop in China, and purposes is very extensive, can be used to make wine, feed, directly edible, ensiling Feed etc..Tendency of Agricultural Machinery in Chinaization development is very rapid in recent years, but it is unbalanced to there is development.Jowar machine yield is well below small The field crops such as wheat, corn are horizontal.Corn mowing machine mounting wheat header is generallyd use at present carries out sorghum harvest.Mainly deposit In following problems:
1, harvesting speed is slow, since the wheat ceding of Taiwan is designed for harvesting wheat.It is designed without consideration harvest Sorghum.The operation mode fed entirely is used to be harvested substantially when harvesting sorghum.Feed quantity is very big, and harvester can only be with very low Operating speed carries out operation, and efficiency is very low.
2, winder is when feeding sorghum fringe, elastic claw is easy to catch on sorghum fringe rotate a circle after be directly thrown to the ceding of Taiwan before Side, causes very big field loss.
3, a large amount of materials comprising kaoliang stalk are fed into shelling part, cause shelling part and clean sub-load very Greatly, power consumption is very big, and being mingled with for sorghum can be many in a large amount of stalks, increases harvesting loss.
Utility model content
It can directly be articulated on grain harvesting machine and carry out the technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide one kind Sorghum harvesting, harvesting efficiency is high, loses small, fireballing sorghum cutting bench for harvesting.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting, including header frame are uniformly fixed on the rectangular tube beam of header frame front end and pluck Fringe frame mechanism, each harvesting frame mechanism respectively includes the gearbox being fixedly connected with each other and harvesting frame, between gearbox and harvesting frame Two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms are symmetrically arranged with, a V-shape feeding inlet are formed between two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms, for mentioning High row away from adaptability;It is located at below rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism at harvesting frame rear portion and cutter knife mechanism is installed, for is cut into Kaoliang stalk;It is coaxially connected by shaft coupling between the transmission input shaft of adjacent harvesting frame mechanism;
It is located at harvesting frame mechanism rear on header frame and feeding auger is installed, is evenly equipped in the middle part of feeding auger multiple By two helix arrangements and oppositely oriented flexible finger, crankshaft is fixed with inside feeding auger, the flexible finger insertion is fed Enter inside auger and inner end is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft, when rotating flexible finger to close to harvesting frame mechanism with feeding auger Auto-extending, flexible refer to retract automatically when rotating with feeding auger to far from harvesting frame mechanism side;
Be located at that two sides are symmetrically arranged with inclination arrangement on header frame helps standing grain auger, for harvesting the height for fractureing, lodging Fine strain of millet.
As further preferred, two rotatable transmission input shafts are symmetrically arranged in header frame rear portion two sides, wherein The outer end of side transmission input shaft and one end of feeding auger and the same side help the rear end of standing grain auger to be successively sequentially connected, the other side Standing grain auger is helped with the transmission input of the harvesting frame mechanism positioned at same side edge and the same side in the outer end of transmission input shaft Rear end is successively sequentially connected.
As further preferred, the cutter knife mechanism is reciprocating knife mechanism, and tool fixing frame is fixed by a crossbeam On harvesting frame;Tilting ring box is installed in header frame side, the transmission input shaft positioned at the same side passes through tilting ring box and reciprocal Formula cutter knife mechanism transmission connection, for driving the reciprocating motion of reciprocating knife mechanism.
As further preferred, the cutter knife mechanism is the mutually matched wheel cutter of multipair difference, and every a pair of discs is cut Knife is respectively symmetrically mounted on corresponding harvesting frame, each wheel cutter respectively with one group of rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism of the same side Driving shaft transmission connection.
As further preferred, being respectively symmetrically equipped with two in the packing auger blade of feeding auger two sides is in 180 degree angle Pair it is flexible refer to, pair is flexible to be referred to inside insertion feeding auger and inner end is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft, in order to pick up harvest The sorghum of lodging.
As further preferred, the protective net frame of inclination arrangement and adjustable angle is installed in header frame rear upper end, is used In blocking the sorghum for being fed to auger and raising.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, since each harvesting frame mechanism respectively includes the gearbox being fixedly connected with each other and harvesting frame, in gearbox and harvesting frame Between be symmetrically arranged with two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms, a V font feeding inlet is formed between two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms, because This can be improved the adaptability of line-spacing, and row spacing adaptability is good, can normal operation in the case where line-spacing error is little;Due to Harvesting frame rear portion, which is located at below rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism, is equipped with cutter knife mechanism, the kaoliang stalk for being cut into, therefore realizes Half feeding harvesting, greatly reduces ceding of Taiwan feed quantity and shelling cleans workload.
2, multiple by two helix arrangements and oppositely oriented flexible finger due to being evenly equipped in the middle part of feeding auger, it is feeding Enter and be equipped with crankshaft inside auger, inside flexible finger insertion feeding auger and inner end is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft, makes flexible finger Auto-extending when rotating with feeding auger to close to harvesting frame mechanism, flexible refer to rotate with feeding auger to far from harvesting frame mechanism It is retracted automatically when side;It instigates feeding screw feeder to be not easy to twine grass by flexible, flood dragon feeding can be fed to after material feeding rapidly It passes a bridge to harvester, the sorghum effect of the high stalk of harvest lodging is good.
3, since be located at that two sides are symmetrically arranged with inclination arrangement on header frame helps standing grain auger, it can harvest and fracture, fall The sorghum of volt, field loss is small, speed is fast, can directly be articulated to progress sorghum harvesting on grain harvesting machine, harvesting effect Rate is high.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the rearview of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of harvesting frame mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding auger in Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the harvesting frame mechanism of utility model corresponding embodiment 2.
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the rearview of Fig. 7.
In figure: cutter knife mechanism 1, middle shield 2, tilting ring box 3, transmission input shaft 4, stretch finger 5, feeding auger 6, packing auger blade 61, screw-conveyer-shaft 62, header frame 7, chain transminssion mechanism 8, harvesting frame mechanism 9 helps standing grain auger 10, nearside divider 11, belt transmission Mechanism 12, chain transminssion mechanism 13, protective net frame 14, belt gear 15, belt gear 16, idle wheel 17, chain drive Mechanism 18, gearbox 19, output shaft 191, rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism 20, spring tensioning mechanism 21, harvesting frame 22, pair is flexible to be referred to 23, crankshaft 24, connecting plate 25, wheel cutter 26, chain transminssion mechanism 27.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creative efforts All other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figs 1 to 6, the utility model relates to a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting, an including header frame 7 cutting Multiple harvesting frame mechanisms 9 are uniformly fixed on the rectangular tube beam of 7 front end of platform rack, the present embodiment is with seven harvesting frame mechanisms 9 Example, each harvesting frame mechanism 9 respectively include the gearbox 19 and harvesting frame 22 being fixedly connected with each other, and are equipped with two on the gearbox 19 side by side A upward extraction and the output shaft 191 that revolving speed is identical, steering is opposite, between two output shafts and harvesting frame 22 of gearbox 19 It is symmetrically arranged with the rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism 20 for setting spring tensioning mechanism 21 in two, is formed between two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms 20 One V-shape feeding inlet, for improving the adaptability of line-spacing;It is located at below rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism 20 at 22 rear portion of harvesting frame and pacifies Kaoliang stalk equipped with cutter knife mechanism 1, for being cut into;19 input shaft of gearbox of each harvesting frame mechanism 9 is in the horizontal direction Through gearbox 19 cabinet and between 19 input shaft of gearbox of adjacent harvesting frame mechanism 9 by shaft coupling it is coaxially connected.
It is located at 9 rear of harvesting frame mechanism on header frame 7 and feeding auger 6 is installed, is symmetrically set at 6 both ends of feeding auger There is oppositely oriented packing auger blade 61, is evenly equipped in the middle part of feeding auger 6 multiple by two helix arrangements and oppositely oriented Flexible to refer to 5, multiple flexible fingers 5 are covered with one week on feeding auger 6 and can be along 6 radial expansions of feeding auger, in feeding auger 6 The flexible finger 23 of two pairs in 180 degree angle is respectively symmetrically equipped in the packing auger blade 61 of two sides.
Crankshaft 24 is fixed with inside feeding auger 6,24 one end of crankshaft is fixed on header frame 7 by connecting plate 25 On side plate.The flexible finger 5 and secondary flexible finger 23 are inserted into 6 inside of feeding auger respectively and inner end is hinged on by connector sleeve respectively On the eccentric segment of crankshaft 24, makes to stretch and be stretched automatically when referring to secondary flexible finger 23 with the rotation of feeding auger 6 to close harvesting frame mechanism 9 Out, it stretches and is retracted automatically when referring to the rotation of feeding auger 6 to far from 9 side of harvesting frame mechanism.
Be symmetrically arranged with inclination arrangement above the harvesting frame mechanism 9 of both sides of the edge on header frame 7 helps standing grain auger 10, help the auger shaft diameter of standing grain auger 10 to be gradually increased from front to back, for harvesting the sorghum for fractureing, lodging.
Two rotatable transmission input shafts 4 are symmetrically arranged in 7 rear portion two sides of header frame, wherein side transmission input shaft 4 outer end one end corresponding with the screw-conveyer-shaft 62 of feeding auger 6 is connected by chain transminssion mechanism 13,62 one end of screw-conveyer-shaft and position The rear end of standing grain auger 10 is helped to pass sequentially through belt gear 15 and a bevel gear pair transmission connection in the same side.The other side passes The outer end of driven input shaft 4 and 19 input terminal of gearbox for the harvesting frame mechanism 9 for being located at same side edge pass through chain transminssion mechanism 8 Connection, the driven wheel of the chain transminssion mechanism 8 are passed with the idle wheel 17 for being mounted on 6 corresponding end of feeding auger by bearing by chain Motivation structure 18 connects, and the idle wheel 17 and the same side help the rear end of standing grain auger 10 to pass sequentially through belt gear 16 and a cone tooth Wheel set transmission connection.
The cutter knife mechanism 1 is reciprocating knife mechanism, and tool fixing frame makes to be fixed by bolts to each by a crossbeam On harvesting frame 22;It is bolted in 7 side of header frame and tilting ring box 3 is installed, outside the transmission input shaft 4 of the same side End passes through the input axis connection of a belt gear 12 and tilting ring box 3, the output end and reciprocating knife mechanism of tilting ring box 3 Cutting blade transmission connection, for driving the cutting blade of reciprocating knife mechanism to move back and forth.
The protective net frame 14 there are three inclination arrangement and adjustable angle is installed side by side in 7 rear upper end of header frame, for hiding Keep off the sorghum raised.Multiple middle shields 2 are laid in the top that 7 front end of header frame is located at adjacent harvesting frame mechanism 9, every A 2 front end of middle shield is separately connected taper nearside divider 11, middle shield 2 and nearside divider 11 for the gearbox of adjacent harvesting frame mechanism 9 19 and harvesting frame 22 cover on wherein and expose the rice-pulling chain of rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism 20 by middle 2 both sides of the edge of shield, for will Sorghum is directed respectively into the feeding inlet between two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms 20.
Make in use, the sorghum cutting bench for harvesting is directly articulated to and carries out sorghum harvesting on the feeding gap bridge of grain harvesting machine Industry.When operation, grain harvesting machine mounts the sorghum cutting bench for harvesting and in the ranks walks along sorghum, is filled by the power of grain harvesting machine It sets and drives two transmission input shafts 4 to rotate by transmission mechanism, wherein side transmission input shaft 4 is driven by chain transminssion mechanism Feeding auger 6 rotates, and drives the cutting blade of reciprocating knife mechanism 1 to move back and forth by belt gear and tilting ring box 3; Standing grain auger is helped by what belt gear and a bevel gear pair drove the same side by the driven wheel of the chain transminssion mechanism again 10 rotations.Other side transmission input shaft 4 drives the speed change for being located at the harvesting frame mechanism 9 of same side edge by chain transminssion mechanism The rotation of 19 input terminal of case, while drive the same side helps standing grain auger 10 to rotate, the gearbox 19 of multiple harvesting frame mechanisms 9 passes through connection Axis device, which is realized, to link and one-to-one rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism 20 is driven to reversely rotate, and is sent kaoliang stalk by nearside divider 11 Into the feeding inlet between adjacent two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms 20;Rice-pulling chain dials kaoliang stalk with sorghum fringe to cutter knife mechanism It send;Sorghum fringe is cut off by cutter knife mechanism, and is pulled over by rice-pulling chain to feeding auger 6;Feeding auger 6 is defeated to centre by sorghum fringe It send, and under flexible the pulling over referred to, is fed into harvester gap bridge.Harvester shelling part is delivered to by harvester gap bridge again to carry out Threshing, separation.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figs. 7 to 9, the cutter knife mechanism 1 of the sorghum cutting bench for harvesting is the mutually matched wheel cutter of multipair difference 26, every a pair of wheel cutter 26 is symmetrically mounted on corresponding harvesting frame 22 by installation axle respectively, the peace of each wheel cutter Dress axis is sequentially connected with corresponding output shaft on gearbox 19 by chain transminssion mechanism 27 respectively, for passing through 19 band of gearbox Every a pair of of wheel cutter opposite direction rotating is moved to cut sorghum.
The present embodiment no longer needs to setting tilting ring box 3 and connects the belt gear of tilting ring box 3, the same embodiment of other structures 1, this embodiment is not repeated.
It is not only in the description and the implementation although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above Listed utilization, it can be applied to various fields suitable for the present invention completely, for those skilled in the art, Other modifications may be easily implemented, therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, this reality It is not limited to specific details and legend shown and described herein with novel.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting, including header frame, it is characterized in that: uniformly solid on the rectangular tube beam of header frame front end Surely there is harvesting frame mechanism, each harvesting frame mechanism respectively includes the gearbox being fixedly connected with each other and harvesting frame, in gearbox and harvesting It is symmetrically arranged with two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms between frame, forms a V-shape feeding inlet between two rice-pulling chain transmission mechanisms, uses In the adaptability for improving line-spacing;It is located at below rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism at harvesting frame rear portion and cutter knife mechanism is installed, for cuts The kaoliang stalk of entrance;It is coaxially connected by shaft coupling between the transmission input shaft of adjacent harvesting frame mechanism;
It is located at harvesting frame mechanism rear on header frame and feeding auger is installed, is evenly equipped in the middle part of feeding auger multiple by two Helix arrangement and oppositely oriented flexible finger are fixed with crankshaft, flexible the fingers insertion feeding strand inside feeding auger Imperial internal and inner end is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft, keeps flexible finger automatic when rotating with feeding auger to close to harvesting frame mechanism It stretches out, flexible refer to retracts automatically when rotating with feeding auger to far from harvesting frame mechanism side;
Be located at that two sides are symmetrically arranged with inclination arrangement on header frame helps standing grain auger, for harvesting the sorghum for fractureing, lodging.
2. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being symmetrically arranged in header frame rear portion two sides Two rotatable transmission input shafts, wherein the outer end of side transmission input shaft and one end of feeding auger and the same side help standing grain to twist The rear end of dragon is successively sequentially connected, the speed change of the outer end of other side transmission input shaft and the harvesting frame mechanism for being located at same side edge Case input terminal and the same side help the rear end of standing grain auger to be successively sequentially connected.
3. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the cutter knife mechanism is reciprocating knife machine Structure, tool fixing frame are fixed on harvesting frame by a crossbeam;Tilting ring box is installed in header frame side, positioned at the same side Transmission input shaft is connect by tilting ring box with reciprocating knife mechanism driving, for driving the reciprocal fortune of reciprocating knife mechanism It is dynamic.
4. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the cutter knife mechanism is that multipair difference is mutual The wheel cutter of cooperation, it is every a pair of wheel cutter be respectively symmetrically mounted on corresponding harvesting frame, each wheel cutter respectively with The driving shaft of one group of rice-pulling chain transmission mechanism of the same side is sequentially connected.
5. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting according to claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: the strand in feeding auger two sides The flexible finger of two pairs in 180 degree angle is respectively symmetrically equipped in imperial blade, pair is flexible to refer to insertion feeding auger inside and inner end It is hinged on the eccentric segment of crankshaft, in order to pick up the sorghum of harvest lodging.
6. a kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting according to claim 5, inclines it is characterized in that: being equipped in header frame rear upper end The tiltedly protective net frame of arrangement and adjustable angle, for blocking the sorghum for being fed to auger and raising.
CN201821120460.8U 2018-07-12 2018-07-12 A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting Active CN208402495U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821120460.8U CN208402495U (en) 2018-07-12 2018-07-12 A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821120460.8U CN208402495U (en) 2018-07-12 2018-07-12 A kind of sorghum cutting bench for harvesting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208402495U true CN208402495U (en) 2019-01-22

Family

ID=65123575

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208402495U (en)

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