Vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus
The utility model relates generally to field of fermentation equipment, especially a kind of vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus.
According to Ministry of Agriculture's data, China generates about nearly 5,000,000,000 tons of countryside wastes every year, and livestock and poultry feces discharge just every year
Reach 3,800,000,000 tons, nearly 900,000,000 tons of agricultural crop straw.About 200,000,000 tons of other organic matter wastes.And comprehensive utilization ratio is not in feces of livestock and poultry
To 60%, has more than 30% and be directly discharged into surface water body and cause pollution of area source.The whole nation is in agricultural sources at present, livestock and poultry cultivation
The COD and ammonia nitrogen discharge amount of industry are respectively 1268.26 ten thousand tons and 71.73 ten thousand tons, account for agricultural sources COD and ammonia nitrogen discharge amount
95.8% and 78.1%, account for the 41.9% and 41.5% of national COD and ammonia nitrogen discharge amount.Although enhancing environmental protection in recent years
Supervision dynamics, but be hardly formed the breakthrough of business model due to being limited by technology and funding bottleneck, production cannot be pushed
The root problem of the development of industry, environmental pollution does not solve.
In order to adapt to the waste problem of a large amount of livestock and poultry cultivation enterprises, it is with standardization, modularization aerobic fermentation compost treatment
One of cultivation agricultural wastes minimizing, the effective ways of disposal of resources are solved, vertical aerobic fermentation chamber is aerobic fermentation heap
The key equipment of fertile technique, it by action of forced stirring in storehouse and heating ventilation by organic substance by aerobic microbiological corrosionization,
As soil conditioner and fertilizer.
Ventilation oxygen supply is one of the key factor of aerobic compost success or not, and it is good logical that cloth is uniformly, turning is stirred
Wind oxygen supply provides effective guarantee.But existing vertical aerobic fermentation chamber is using monoblock type is mostly used, to the difference of aerobic fermentation
Stage bad control or even existing aerobic fermentation chamber is without mixing, heap turning over device, material is easily compacted, hardened causes ventilation difficult
For hypoxgia, aerobic fermentation process is influenced, in addition its ventilation device is static state, and wind-distributing pipe, whole bed of material pressures are arranged in tank bottom
On ventilation duct, ventilation resistance is big, and easily blocking also results in ventilation difficulty for hypoxgia, and temperature of charge, moisture distribution are uneven
Aerobic fermentation process is influenced, spiral integrally undertakes heavy caliber discharging in addition, it discharges, and motor load is big, and easily blocking causes to discharge
It is unsmooth.
Because in consideration of it, special propose this utility model.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide the vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus that one kind can ferment step by step.
To achieve the goals above, a kind of vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus provided by the utility model, it is described vertical organic
Fertile installation for fermenting includes several fermentor and bottom bracket stacked in vertical direction, and the bottom bracket is set to the hair stacked
The lower section of fermentation tank；
Between the adjacent fermentor and outside of fermentor is equipped with heating device；
Agitating device is equipped at the axis of fermentor, the agitating device of each fermentor connects, and fermented by being set to the top
The driving device of tank top drives；
The inside bottom of fermentor is equipped with air-breather, is equipped with discharging device above air-breather.
Preferably, the fermentor quantity is 2-6.
Preferably, the fermentor tube wall is spliced using board with enamel panel layer.
Preferably, the agitating device is spiral agitator.
Preferably, the driving device is a decelerating motor.
Preferably, the heating device is heating pipe network.
Preferably, the air-breather is several using fermentor bottom center as the center of circle, the exposure arranged with concentric circular fashion
Preferably, the discharging device is the scraper plate around fermentor middle shaft rotation, and the lower edge of scraper plate is configured with several recessed
Slot, position, shape and the quantity and aeration tube of groove match.
Preferably, manhole is additionally provided on the side wall of fermentor.
Vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus provided by the utility model, has the following beneficial effects:
By the way of multistage fermentation, decomposed uniform, fermentation efficiency is high, and not easy to harden；
It is convenient for installation and maintenance, and it is easy to carry out the improvement of equipment according to the change of technique.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus structural schematic diagram provided by the utility model.
Fig. 2 is that vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus outer wall provided by the utility model heats pipe network schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus fermenter base structural schematic diagram provided by the utility model.
Fig. 4 heats pipe network schematic diagram between vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus fermentor provided by the utility model.
1. 2. bottom bracket of fermentor 11. spiral agitator, 12. aeration tube, 13. scraper plate, 3. decelerating motor 4. adds
Hot pipe network
Fig. 1-4 is please referred to, the utility model provides a kind of vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus.
The vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus, including several fermentors 1 and bottom bracket 2 stacked in vertical direction,
The bottom bracket 2 is set to the lower section of the fermentor 1 stacked, is used to support fermentor 1.
1 quantity of fermentor of the stacking is 2-6, and specific quantity can be by those skilled in the art according to actual process
Demand determines that the utility model is not specifically limited in this embodiment.
The tank skin of the fermentor 1 is spliced by prefabricated board with enamel panel layer, is easily installed and is dismantled, and good corrosion resistance.
Between adjacent fermentor 1 and heating device is equipped on the outside of each fermentor 1.In the present embodiment, described to add
Hot charging is set to the heating pipe network 4 of more heating tubes composition.
Wherein, between adjacent fermentor 1, heating tube is arranged with radioactivity；And in the outside of fermentor 1, heating tube
With ring-type arrangement parallel to each other.
Heating tube can be electrothermal tube, and also or thermal medium can be in the pipeline wherein flowed.It is noted that this
Field technical staff can select suitable heating tube type with demand according to the actual situation and heat the arrangement of pipe network, this reality
It is not specifically limited in this embodiment with novel.
The temperature adjusted in fermentor that the setting of heating pipe network 4 can be convenient, makes aerobic fermentation at a suitable temperature
It carries out, and the arrangement of this kind heating pipe network is heated evenly fermentor, further improves the speed and effect of fermentation.
Agitating device is equipped at the axis of each fermentor, in the present embodiment, the agitating device is auger
Device 11.Spiral agitator 11 in each fermentor is cascaded and is filled by being set to the driving at the top of the fermentor of the top
Set driving rotation.In the present embodiment, the driving device is a decelerating motor 3.
It is noted that the utility model is not specifically limited the concrete form of driving device, this field skill
Art personnel can select suitable drive according to actual needs.
The concatenated design of the agitating device can save the space of fermentor 1, while facilitate installation and maintenance.
The inside bottom of each fermentor 1 is equipped with air-breather, for providing oxygen into fermentor, air-breather
Top be equipped with discharging device, for will fermentation complete product conveyed to outside tank, so as to carry out next fermentation process or directly
In the present embodiment, the air-breather is several circles using fermentor bottom center as the center of circle, with concentric circular fashion
The aeration tube 12 of arrangement.The arrangement of this kind of aeration tube allows the material in fermentor uniformly to carry out aerobic fermentation.
Corresponding with the aeration tube 12 of above-mentioned arrangement, discharging device is to revolve around fermentor axis in the present embodiment
The scraper plate 13 turned, and the effect in order to guarantee discharging, the lower edge of the scraper plate 13 are configured with several grooves, the position of groove,
Shape and quantity match with aeration tube.It is even closer that the design is bonded scraper plate and aeration tube, and does not make scraper plate when rotated not
It is influenced by aeration tube, and improves the effect of discharging, material is made to be not easy to retain in tank during discharging.
The discharge port of each fermentor is set to the bottom sides of fermentor, and feeding port is set to the top of fermentor, and phase
The discharge port of two adjacent fermentors, top fermentor is connected by pipeline with the feeding port of fermentor on the lower.
Further, the discharge port of each fermentor and feeding port can also be connected, and in each discharge port and upper
One electric gate valve is set at material mouth, is controlled by external control unit.Realize the control to zymotechnique process.
A closed access hole (not shown) is additionally provided on the side wall of each fermentor, for maintenance usually
Vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus provided by the utility model when in use, first according to the technique of whole organic fertilizer fermentation
Process determines the quantity of the fermentor used, then installs installation for fermenting.
Material is put into from the feeding port for being located at the top fermentor, is fermented in the fermentor, and technique requirement is reached
Time after, pass through discharging device discharging enter next fermentor carry out next cycle fermentation.After the completion of whole periods,
Finished product is discharged from the discharge port of bottom fermentor.
Vertical organic fertilizer fermenting apparatus provided by the utility model is fermented by multistage, improves production efficiency, keep away simultaneously
Uneven, the easy to harden problem of the decomposed degree of single-shot fermentation tank is exempted from.Meanwhile the design of multistage fermentor makes the vertical organic fertilizer hair
Ferment device when in use can be more convenient dismounting, and it is mobile.
Specific case used herein elaborates utility model design, and the explanation of above embodiments is
It is used to help understand the core concept of the utility model.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art,
Under the premise of not departing from utility model design, any obvious modification, equivalent replacement or the other improvements made should all
It is included within the scope of protection of this utility model.