CN208324407U - The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material - Google Patents

The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Download PDF

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CN208324407U
CN208324407U CN201820102389.4U CN201820102389U CN208324407U CN 208324407 U CN208324407 U CN 208324407U CN 201820102389 U CN201820102389 U CN 201820102389U CN 208324407 U CN208324407 U CN 208324407U
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resistance
ablative
layer
weaving
dimensional
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朱波
曹伟伟
乔琨
王永伟
高学平
赵圣尧
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Shandong University
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Shandong University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of 3 D weaving plates of resistance to ablative composite material, belong to resistance to ablative composite material field.The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material includes surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer, and surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer are all made of the filler modified substrate adhesive of the resistance to Ablative resin cooperation 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction composition of high temperature resistant.The utility model imports molding using gradation vacuum, has mechanics rigidity, mechanical strength and ablation resistance comprehensive integration, can be used for military project and high temperature important composition component.

Description

The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material
Technical field
The utility model relates to resistance to ablative composite material fields, particularly relate to a kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Material.
Background technique
Resistance to ablative composite material is usually greater than 500 DEG C of per second, operating temperatures in 2000 DEG C of use above in heating rate, needs It bears high-speed flow to wash away and high-speed particles erosion, is national defence and the important engineering material of aerospace field.Wherein resistance to burning Losing composite material has a series of excellent characteristics such as low-gravity, high specific strength, high ratio modulus, low thermal coefficient of expansion, resistance to ablation, The application prospect for having other materials incomparable under aerospace and the high temperature environment of resistance to ablation.
After currently used resistance to ablative composite material is essentially control of two-dimensional braided fabric laminate using resistance to Ablative resin dipping The preparation of heat cure forming technique, wherein the fabric interlayer of two-dimension laminate structure does not have continuous fiber reinforcement, only leans on resin The bonding of adhesive, interfacial bonding strength is poor, and unstable trend is presented in overall mechanical properties under high temperature environment, in view of This, the enhancing structure application there is an urgent need to a kind of new structural fabric precast body as the composite material product of resistance to ablation.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material, and total is imported using gradation vacuum Molding has mechanics rigidity, mechanical strength and ablation resistance comprehensive integration, can be used for military project and high temperature important composition component.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model offer technical solution is as follows:
On the one hand, the utility model provides a kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material, including surface ablative-resistant layer, Intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer, the surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer are all made of high temperature resistant and fill out The modified substrate adhesive of the resistance to Ablative resin cooperation 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction composition of material.
Further, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in the surface ablative-resistant layer is using carbon fiber hybrid ceramics Fiber, in which:
The carbon fiber uses T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J or M60J;
The ceramic fibre uses silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, boron carbide fibre or boron nitride fiber;
The 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction using three-dimensional four-way, three-dimensional five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way or It is prepared by 2.5 dimension structures.
Further, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in the surface ablative-resistant layer uses phenolic aldehyde tree Rouge, furane resins, polyether-ether-ketone resin or epoxy resin, additive use graphite composite powder, and the graphite composite powder is in the resistance to burning Losing the adding proportion in resin is 5%~20%.
Further, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in the intermediate rigid layer is fine using carbon fiber hybrid ceramics Dimension, in which:
The carbon fiber uses T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J or M60J;
The ceramic fibre uses silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, boron carbide fibre or boron nitride fiber;
The 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction using three-dimensional four-way, three-dimensional five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way or It is prepared by 2.5 dimension structures.
Further, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in the intermediate rigid layer uses phenolic aldehyde tree Rouge, additive use high temperature resistant asphalt, and adding proportion of the high temperature resistant asphalt in the resistance to Ablative resin is 5%-20%.
Further, the surface ablative-resistant layer and carbon fiber in intermediate rigid layer and ceramic fibre to mix ratio equal Control is between 1:1~4:1.
Further, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in the internal intensity layer uses carbon fiber, the carbon fiber Using T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J or M60J, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction is using three-dimensional four-way, three-dimensional It is prepared by five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way or 2.5 dimension structures.
Further, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in the internal intensity layer uses phenolic aldehyde tree Rouge, additive use epoxy resin, and adding proportion of the epoxy resin in the resistance to Ablative resin is 5%-20%.
On the other hand, the utility model also provides a kind of preparation side of above-mentioned 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Method is prepared in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, comprising:
Step 1: internal intensity layer is prepared on matrix plate, it is true by being utilized after the molding of 3 D weaving precast body weaving textile Progress curing molding prepares internal intensity layer after sky imports the modified adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin of dipping;
Step 2: after to be solidified, using assorted fibre 3 D weaving precast body weaving textile on internal strength layer surface Intermediate rigid layer is formed, impregnates the modified substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin later, by forming intermediate rigid layer after heat cure;
Step 3: after to heat cure, preparing outermost surface ablative-resistant layer in intermediate rigid layer surface, surface is resistance to Ablation layer impregnates the modified substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin using assorted fibre 3 D weaving precast body fabric, finally carries out thermosetting Chemical conversion type.
Further, gradation vacuum imports the molding vacuum degree of heat cure and controls between -0.06 to -0.1MPa, point Between 1h~4h, solidification temperature controls between 120 DEG C~145 DEG C curing time control used in secondary solidification.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects:
The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material of the utility model, the resin matrix of the plate is in the resistance to ablation tree of tradition Flame-retardant modified additive is added on the basis of rouge, using hybrid three-dimensional fiber weave structure, the plate include surface ablative-resistant layer, Intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer three parts composition, total import curing molding using gradation vacuum, have mechanics rigid Property, mechanical strength and ablation resistance comprehensive integration, can be used for military project and high temperature important composition component.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved by the utility model clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing And specific embodiment is described in detail.
On the one hand, the utility model provides a kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material, as shown in Figure 1, including table Face ablative-resistant layer 1, intermediate rigid layer 2 and internal intensity layer 3, surface ablative-resistant layer 1, intermediate rigid layer 2 and internal intensity layer 3 are equal Using the filler modified substrate adhesive of the resistance to Ablative resin cooperation 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction composition of high temperature resistant.
The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material of the utility model, the resin matrix of the plate is in the resistance to ablation tree of tradition Flame-retardant modified additive is added on the basis of rouge, using hybrid three-dimensional fiber weave structure, the plate include surface ablative-resistant layer, Intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer three parts composition, total import curing molding using gradation vacuum, have mechanics rigid Property, mechanical strength and ablation resistance comprehensive integration, can be used for military project and high temperature important composition component.
Further, surface ablative-resistant layer 1 uses modified, high temperature resistant resin for substrate adhesive, using assorted fibre three-dimensional Braiding structure enhancing, wherein the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in the ablative-resistant layer of surface is fine using carbon fiber hybrid ceramics Dimension, carbon fiber and ceramic fibre mix ratio and can flexibly be grasped according to design requirement, carbon fiber can using T300, Any one in T700, T800, T1000, M40J, M60J, ceramic fibre can using silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, Any one in boron carbide fibre, boron nitride fiber, 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction can be using three-dimensional four-ways, three-dimensional Five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way can also be prepared using 2.5 dimension structures.
Preferably, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in the ablative-resistant layer of surface can use phenolic aldehyde tree Rouge, furane resins, polyether-ether-ketone resin, any one in epoxy resin, additive can use graphite composite powder, graphite composite powder Adding proportion in resistance to Ablative resin can between 5%~20% flexible modulation.
Further, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in intermediate rigid layer 2 uses carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre, Wherein, carbon fiber can be using any one in T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J, M60J, and ceramic fibre can be adopted With any one in silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, boron carbide fibre, boron nitride fiber, carbon fiber and ceramic fibre Mixing ratio can flexibly grasp according to the thickness and structural requirement of intermediate rigid layer, and 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction can be with Using three-dimensional four-way, three-dimensional five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way, can also be prepared using 2.5 dimension structures.
Preferably, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in intermediate rigid layer can use phenolic resin, Additive uses high temperature resistant asphalt, and adding proportion of the high temperature resistant asphalt in resistance to Ablative resin can be between 5%-20% flexibly It adjusts.
Further, surface ablative-resistant layer and the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre in intermediate rigid layer control Between 1:1~4:1.
As a kind of improvement of the utility model, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in internal intensity layer 3 uses carbon Fiber, carbon fiber can be using any one in T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J, M60J, 3 D weaving precast bodies Fabric construction can be using three-dimensional four-way, three-dimensional five-way, three-dimensional six-way, three-dimensional seven-way, can also be using 2.5 dimension structure systems It is standby.
In the utility model, the matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in internal intensity layer can use phenolic aldehyde Resin, additive can use epoxy resin, adding proportion of the epoxy resin in resistance to Ablative resin can 5%-20% it Between flexible modulation.
On the other hand, the utility model also provides a kind of preparation side of above-mentioned 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Method, overall structure are prepared in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, be can specifically include:
Step 1: internal intensity layer is prepared on matrix plate, it is true by being utilized after the molding of 3 D weaving precast body weaving textile Progress curing molding prepares internal intensity layer after sky imports the modified adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin of dipping;
Step 2: after to be solidified, using assorted fibre 3 D weaving precast body weaving textile on internal strength layer surface Intermediate rigid layer is formed, impregnates the modified substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin later, by forming intermediate rigid layer after heat cure;
Step 3: after to heat cure, preparing outermost surface ablative-resistant layer in intermediate rigid layer surface, surface is resistance to Ablation layer impregnates the modified substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin using assorted fibre 3 D weaving precast body fabric, finally carries out thermosetting Chemical conversion type.
The resin matrix of the preparation method of the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material of the utility model, the plate is passing It unites and adds flame-retardant modified additive on the basis of resistance to Ablative resin, using hybrid three-dimensional fiber weave structure, which includes table Face ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer three parts composition, total import curing molding using gradation vacuum, With mechanics rigidity, mechanical strength and ablation resistance comprehensive integration, it can be used for military project and high temperature important composition component.
Further, gradation vacuum imports the molding vacuum degree of heat cure and controls between -0.06 to -0.1MPa, point Curing time used in secondary solidification and solidification temperature are flexibly grasped according to the curing process of resin, when solidifying solidification used by several times Between can control between 1h~4h, solidification temperature can control between 120 DEG C~145 DEG C.
The feature and details of the utility model are further illustrated combined with specific embodiments below, but listed process and data are simultaneously The limitation to the scope of the utility model is not meant that.
Embodiment 1
A kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material includes surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer Three parts prepare in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, prepare internal intensity layer on matrix plate first, select T300 prepares three-dimensional four-way precast body fabric, uses the phenolic resin of 5% epoxy resin modification for matrix material after preparation It is compound using the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of -0.06MPa, it is later 6mm's in 140 DEG C of heat cures, 2 hours molding thicknesses Internal intensity layer, final matrix content are 30%;
It is three-dimensional using M40J carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be silicon carbide fibre) preparation on internal strength layer surface Five-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre can control in 1:1, using 10% high temperature resistant asphalt Phenol-formaldehyde resin modified is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.06MPa range is compound, later at 120 DEG C 1 hour molding thickness of heat cure is the intermediate rigid layer of 3mm, and final matrix content is 30%;
It is three-dimensional using T800 carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be alumina fibre) preparation in intermediate rigid layer surface Six-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 2:1, using the modified phenol of 15% graphite composite powder Urea formaldehyde is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 130 DEG C of heat cures 2 Hour molding thickness is the surface ablative-resistant layer of 4mm, and final matrix content is 60%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material includes surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer Three parts prepare in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, prepare internal intensity layer on matrix plate first, select T800 prepares three-dimensional seven-way precast body fabric, uses the phenolic resin of 20% epoxy resin modification for matrix material after preparation It is compound using the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of -0.1MPa range, be in 145 DEG C of heat cures, 1.2 hours molding thicknesses later The internal intensity layer of 5mm, final matrix content are 39%;
It is three-dimensional using M60J carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be alumina fibre) preparation on internal strength layer surface Six-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 3:1, modified using 20% high temperature resistant asphalt Phenolic resin is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 140 DEG C of heat cures 4 hours molding thicknesses are the intermediate rigid layer of 5mm, and final matrix content is 40%;
In intermediate rigid layer surface using T1000 carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be boron carbide fibre) preparation 2.5 Structure precast body fabric is tieed up, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 4:1, modified using 20% graphite composite powder Furane resins are that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 140 DEG C of heat cures 1 hour molding thickness is the surface ablative-resistant layer of 4mm, and final matrix content is 40%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material includes surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer Three parts prepare in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, prepare internal intensity layer on matrix plate first, select 2.5 dimension structure precast body fabric of T800 preparation, uses the phenolic resin of 20% epoxy resin modification for matrix original after preparation Expect that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of use -0.1MPa range is compound, is in 130 DEG C of heat cures, 2 hours molding thicknesses later The internal intensity layer of 4mm, final matrix content are 45%;
It is three-dimensional using M60J carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be boron carbide fibre) preparation on internal strength layer surface Four-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 3:1, modified using 10% high temperature resistant asphalt Phenolic resin is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 120 DEG C of heat cures 2 hours molding thicknesses are the intermediate rigid layer of 6mm, and final matrix content is 60%;
It is three-dimensional using T300 carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be boron nitride fiber) preparation in intermediate rigid layer surface Four-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 1:1, modified poly- using 20% graphite composite powder Ether ether ketone resin is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 120 DEG C of thermosettings Changing 4 hours molding thicknesses is the surface ablative-resistant layer of 6mm, and final matrix content is 60%.
Embodiment 4
A kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material includes surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer Three parts prepare in such a way that gradation vacuum imports curing molding, prepare internal intensity layer on matrix plate first, select T1000 prepares three-dimensional six-way precast body fabric, uses the phenolic resin of 5% epoxy resin modification for matrix material after preparation It is compound using the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of -0.1MPa range, it is later 5mm in 130 DEG C of heat cures, 3 hours molding thicknesses Internal intensity layer, final matrix content be 30%;
It is three-dimensional using M40J carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be boron carbide fibre) preparation on internal strength layer surface Five-way precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 1:1, modified using 5% high temperature resistant asphalt Phenolic resin is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.1MPa range is compound, later in 120 DEG C of heat cures 4 hours molding thicknesses are the intermediate rigid layer of 3mm, and final matrix content is 50%.
In intermediate rigid layer surface using 2.5 dimension of T700 carbon fiber hybrid ceramic fibre (can be silicon carbide fibre) preparation Structure precast body fabric, wherein the ratio that mixes of carbon fiber and ceramic fibre is controlled in 3:1, using the modified phenol of 10% graphite composite powder Urea formaldehyde is that the vacuum importing progress resin dipping of matrix material use -0.06MPa range is compound, later in 140 DEG C of heat cures 1 Hour molding thickness is the surface ablative-resistant layer of 3mm, and final matrix content is 44%.
In the present invention, the condition of preparation method is different, the obtained 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Performance has difference, for high intensity, the high rigidity, ablation resistance for preferably proving the utility model, constructs following comparative example:
Comparative example 1:
A kind of control of two-dimensional braided plate of resistance to ablative composite material, by surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction replace with the fabric of two-dimension laminate structure, remaining condition is same as Example 4, system Standby and application method is also same as Example 4.
The plate of resistance to ablative composite material prepared to above-described embodiment 1-4 and comparative example 1 is to intensity, rigidity and resistance to ablation etc. Performance is tested, and test result is shown in Table 1.
Table 1
As shown in Table 1, the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material of the utility model is compared with comparative example 1, intensity High, rigidity height, ablation resistance are good, by table 1 it can also be seen that the performance of embodiment 3 is best.
The above is preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill of the art For personnel, under the premise of not departing from principle described in the utility model, it can also make several improvements and retouch, these improvement It also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model with retouching.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material, which is characterized in that including surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and Internal intensity layer, the surface ablative-resistant layer, intermediate rigid layer and internal intensity layer by 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction and The substrate adhesive layer of resistance to Ablative resin for cooperating the high temperature resistant of the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction filler modified is constituted.
2. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the resistance to ablation in surface 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction in layer is made of the carbon fiber for being contaminated with ceramic fibre, in which:
The carbon fiber uses T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J or M60J;
The ceramic fibre uses silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, boron carbide fibre or boron nitride fiber;
The 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction has three-dimensional four-way structure, three-dimensional five-way structure, three-dimensional six-way structure, three-dimensional seven To structure or 2.5 dimension structures.
3. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the surface is resistance to The matrix material of the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in ablation layer using phenolic resin, furane resins, polyether-ether-ketone resin or Epoxy resin, additive use graphite composite powder.
4. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the intermediate rigid layer In 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction be made of the carbon fiber for being contaminated with ceramic fibre, in which:
The carbon fiber uses T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J or M60J;
The ceramic fibre uses silicon carbide fibre, alumina fibre, boron carbide fibre or boron nitride fiber;
The 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction has three-dimensional four-way structure, three-dimensional five-way structure, three-dimensional six-way structure, three-dimensional seven To structure or 2.5 dimension structures.
5. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1 or 4, which is characterized in that the centre is rigid Property layer in the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin matrix material use phenolic resin, additive use high temperature resistant asphalt.
6. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the internal intensity layer In 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction be made of carbon fiber, the carbon fiber use T300, T700, T800, T1000, M40J Or M60J, the 3 D weaving precast body fabric construction have three-dimensional four-way structure, three-dimensional five-way structure, three-dimensional six-way structure, three Tie up seven-way structure or 2.5 dimension structures.
7. the 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material according to claim 1 or 6, which is characterized in that the inside is strong The matrix material for spending the substrate adhesive of resistance to Ablative resin in layer uses phenolic resin, and additive uses epoxy resin.
CN201820102389.4U 2018-01-22 2018-01-22 The 3 D weaving plate of resistance to ablative composite material Active CN208324407U (en)

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