CN208320696U - A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment - Google Patents

A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208320696U
CN208320696U CN201820587072.4U CN201820587072U CN208320696U CN 208320696 U CN208320696 U CN 208320696U CN 201820587072 U CN201820587072 U CN 201820587072U CN 208320696 U CN208320696 U CN 208320696U
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metal
equipment
base composites
mixing
feed
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CN201820587072.4U
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李远发
程远胜
宋卓能
陈善荣
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KA SHUI TECHNOLOGY (HUIZHOU) Co Ltd
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KA SHUI TECHNOLOGY (HUIZHOU) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment, comprising: feed system enters in equipment for conveying raw material, including parent metal input unit and reinforcement material input;Feed processing system is connect with the feed system, and the feed processing system includes material mixing device and stirring power device, and the parent metal input unit and reinforcement material input is connect with the material mixing device respectively;And temperature control system, so that material is mixed within the temperature range of setting, to prevent metal freezing.The utility model is specific to stirring casting method production metal-base composites and designs, and compensates for prior art blank, can be realized the industrialization online production of metal-base composites, has the advantages that easy to operate, preparation cost is low and high production efficiency.

Description

A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to Machine Design manufacturing fields, and in particular to material processing plant technical field, more particularly to A kind of Preparation equipment of metal-base composites.
Background technique
Metal-base composites as a kind of novel efficient and light weight material, be using metal and its alloy as matrix, with One or more of nonmetallic reinforced phases combine the composite material formed, have specific strength and specific modulus height, good dimension stability, In certain media the advantages of corrosion resistance and good.Therefore, metal-base composites is in automobile, electronic product and aerospace field It is with a wide range of applications, helps to realize target of sustainable development that is energy saving, reducing environmental pollution.
Currently, the method for preparing metal-base composites mainly has: squeeze casting method, stirring casting method and powder metallurgy Method.Wherein, squeeze casting method has cumbersome, and reinforcement volume fraction adjustable extent is small, and the high disadvantage of cost of manufacture is difficult Application;For preparing metal-base composites, powder metallurgic method is complicated with process flow, it is scarce easily to explode Point is not suitable for promoting and applying;And stirring casting method has that process flow is few, equipment is simple, production cost is low, strong flexibility and energy The advantages that enough applying to large-scale production, and can be used in combination with some conventional metal working process, it further decreases Product cost has so can satisfy extensive industrialization demand using stirring casting method production metal-base composites Application value.
But there is no the special equipment using stirring casting method production metal-base composites, common operations at present Process is: first metal block base being placed in furnace chamber, is then melted, reinforced phase is eventually adding and is stirred.
Since metal block base fusing time is longer, and for magnesium alloy, fusing and transfer process are due to easily Oxidizing fire and generate danger, so existing preparation method has the shortcomings that production efficiency is low, danger coefficient is high.Therefore, compel A kind of equipment dedicated for stirring casting method production metal-base composites will be researched and developed by being essential, to meet industrialization demand.
Summary of the invention
The utility model in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, provides a kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment, should Equipment is specific to stirring casting method production metal-base composites and designs, and can be realized the production of metal-base composites Industry online production has the advantages that easy to operate, preparation cost is low and high production efficiency.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions the purpose of the invention:
A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment, comprising: feed system enters in equipment for conveying raw material, packet Include parent metal input unit and reinforcement material input;Feed processing system is connect with the feed system, the system material System includes material mixing device and stirring power device, and the parent metal input unit and reinforcement material inputs Device is connect with the material mixing device respectively;And temperature control system, so that material carries out within the temperature range of setting Mixing, to prevent metal freezing.
Further, the equipment further includes running gate system, and the running gate system is connect with the mixing arrangement, is realized The preparation of metal-base composites operation integrated with formed product.
Further, the reinforcement material input includes the protective gas conveyance conduit and reinforcement material of connection Material conveying tube road.
Further, the material mixing device includes crucible, and the stirring power device is described including being installed in Motor agitating paddle in crucible.
Further, the temperature control system includes resistance wire element, and the resistance wire element is laid in the material mixing The periphery of device.
Further, the feed processing system further includes the furnace body for preventing heat loss, and the resistance wire element is together with material Mixing arrangement is set in the furnace chamber of the furnace body.
Further, the equipment further includes jacking system, and the jacking system includes hoistable platform and lifting motor, The feed processing system is connect with jacking system.
Further, the equipment further includes general control system, the general control system and feed system, feed processing system with And temperature control system communication connection, automated production is realized by parameter preset.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that
1, the utility model discloses a kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment, technological gap is compensated for, it can will be golden Belong to melting process and separated with process is mixed, while being effectively reduced production danger coefficient, improves production efficiency, Product continuous production is realized, to meet the industrial requirement of extensive industrialization;
2, the utility model can be realized entire production process and carry out under gas shield, metallic matrix and reinforcement material Successively entering in mixing arrangement under the action of protective gas, protective gas not only has the function of refinement and purification melt, and And stirring power device can be cooperated to realize that the homogenization dispersion of reinforcement material improves production while improving production efficiency Quality;
3, the utility model can link together running gate system and feed processing system, realize the one of system material and formed product Metaplasia produces, and greatly improves production efficiency, and significantly reduce production cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of metal-base composites Preparation equipment in embodiment.
Description of symbols:
1: feed system, 11: metallic matrix feeding port, 12: reinforcing material particle dispensing port, 13: the conveying of reinforcement material Pipeline, 14: protective gas pipeline, 15: reinforcement material transport control system, 2: feed processing system, 21: furnace body, 22: crucible, 23: Motor agitating paddle, 24: cover board, 25: fixing piece, 26: material efferent duct, 3: resistance wire element, 4: running gate system, 5: lifting system System, 6: protective gas generating device.
The attached figures are only used for illustrative purposes and cannot be understood as limitating the patent;In order to better illustrate this embodiment, attached Scheme certain components to have omission, zoom in or out, does not represent the size of actual product;To those skilled in the art, The omitting of some known structures and their instructions in the attached drawings are understandable;The same or similar label corresponds to same or similar Component;The terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only for illustration, should not be understood as the limitation to this patent.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is carried out more below in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment for the ease of understanding the utility model, Comprehensive description.The better embodiment of the utility model is given in attached drawing.But the utility model can be with many differences Form realize, however it is not limited to embodiments described herein.On the contrary, the purpose of providing these embodiments is that making pair The disclosure of the utility model understands more thorough and comprehensive.
It should be noted that it can directly on the other element when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element Or there may also be elements placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it, which can be, is directly connected to To another element or it may be simultaneously present centering elements.
It reads herein for convenience, therefore points out "upper", "lower", "left", "right" with reference to the accompanying drawings, the purpose is to point out each member Reference relative position between part, rather than to limit the application.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein are led with the technology for belonging to the utility model The normally understood meaning of the technical staff in domain is identical.Terminology used in the description of the utility model herein only be The purpose of description specific embodiment, it is not intended that in limitation the utility model.
Embodiment one
Present embodiment discloses a kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment, which is exclusively by stirring casting legal system Standby metal-base composites, realize metallic matrix melting process with the separation that mixes material process processed, when metallic matrix being avoided to melt Between it is too long and occupy resources of production, and the equipment can be realized semi-automatic formula management, to effectively improve production effect Rate.As shown in Figure 1, the metal-base composites Preparation equipment of the present embodiment includes feed system 1, feed processing system 2, temperature control system System, running gate system 4 and jacking system 5.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, feed system 1 includes metallic matrix conveying device and reinforcement material conveying device, this implementation Example preferably metallic matrix conveying device includes metallic matrix feeding port 11, it is defeated can to design metallic matrix according to actual production demand Sending device includes the metallic matrix conveyance conduit and protective gas pipeline of connection.In addition, the preferred reinforcement material of the present embodiment is defeated Sending device includes reinforcing material particle dispensing port 12, reinforcement materials transfer duct 13, protective gas pipeline 14 and reinforcement Material transport control system 15, wherein reinforcing material particle dispensing port 12 is set to the head end of reinforcement materials transfer duct 13 Portion, protective gas pipeline 14 is connect with reinforcement materials transfer duct 13, and protective gas pipeline 14 is filled with protective gas Set 6 connections.Reinforcement material transport control system 15 include control panel, respectively with 13 valve of reinforcement materials transfer duct and The control valve of protective gas pipeline 14 establishes communication connection, can control the additive amount of strong material granule and the stream of protective gas Amount.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, the feed processing system 2 of the present embodiment includes furnace body 21, crucible 22 and motor agitating paddle 23.Its In, cover board 24 is equipped at the top of furnace body 21, cover board 24 is movable be fixedly connected with furnace body 21, it may be assumed that under external force, is being guaranteed Under the premise of cover board 24 is fixedly connected with furnace body 21, furnace body 21 can move up and down relative to cover board 24, in order to furnace body 21 Position can be adaptively adjusted;The crucible 22 is set in the furnace chamber of furnace body 21;The motor agitating paddle 23 is stretched Enter to 22 bottom of crucible, and its head motor is consolidated by the fixing piece 25 being set on cover board 24.It is opened on cover board 24 Equipped with metallic matrix feeding port 11, and metallic matrix feeding port 11 is located at the side of motor agitating paddle 23;Metallic matrix feeding port 11 lower section is crucible 22, and 22 bottom of crucible is equipped with material efferent duct 26, the material efferent duct 26 and outside furnace body 21 The running gate system 4 in portion connects.The port of reinforcement materials transfer duct 13 is also provided on cover board 24, so that reinforcement material is defeated The tail end of pipeline 13 is sent to stretch to 22 bottom of crucible;Reinforcement materials transfer duct 13 is set to the another of motor agitating paddle 23 Side, and between motor agitating paddle 23 and the fixing piece 25.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, temperature control system includes resistance wire element 3, temperature sensor and temperature control element for heating, Resistance wire element 3 is located at the inside of furnace body 21, and is laid in the periphery of crucible 22, and temperature sensor can be installed in crucible On inner wall.Temperature control element can open or close resistance wire according to actual temperature information in the crucible that temperature sensor transmits Heating, so that temperature maintains within the scope of default temperature in crucible 22.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, jacking system 5 includes hoistable platform, lifting motor and elevating control element, and the furnace body 21 Two sides be connected separately with supporting element, and supporting element is fixed on hoistable platform.When starting lifting motor, hoistable platform can It is moved up and down according to lifting instruction, and then drives furnace body 21 to move up and down by supporting element, but the position of cover board 24 is kept not Become, so that motor agitating paddle 23 is in suitable position in crucible.
It is as described below using the metal-base composites Preparation equipment production procedure of the present embodiment:
S1, starting device, operator set corresponding technological parameter, including temperature, shield gas flow rate, increasing in crucible Strong material granule conveying capacity, motor rotating speed of agitator, mixing time etc.;
S2, the height that furnace body 21 is adjusted by manipulation jacking system 5, are closed so that motor agitating paddle 23 is in crucible 22 At suitable position;
Crucible 22 is heated to preset temperature by S3, resistance wire element 3, and in entire production process, temperature control element meeting Resistant heating is opened or closed according to the actual temperature situation in crucible, so that temperature maintains preset temperature in crucible 22 It spends in range;
S4, parent metal is injected in crucible in the form of liquid or semisolid metallic matrix feeding port 11;
S5, unlatching motor agitating paddle 23 are stirred process;
S6, under the protective effect of carrier gas, by reinforcement materials transfer duct 13 by granular reinforcement material In material injection metal bath, marginal not enters reinforcement material side and stirs evenly, until reaching preset mixing time, it is equal to obtain mixing Even metal-base composites;
S7, the material efferent duct 26 and running gate system 4 for opening crucible bottom carry out metal-base composites cast molding work Sequence obtains shaped article.
It should be noted that the metal-base composites Preparation equipment of the present embodiment can also full-automatic formula management, pass through Total PLC control system is set so that feed system 1, feed processing system 2, temperature control system, running gate system 4 and jacking system 5 with Communication connection is established between PLC control system.Total PLC control system may include touch control flow, before production, first by technique Process step and the technological parameter of each step are input on touch control flow, to realize that full-automatic formula is intelligently raw It produces.Communication connection will can also be established between total PLC control system and user terminal (such as cell phone application), just according to actual needs Production status is checked in time in operator, and is made and being adaptively adjusted;In addition, can also set up alarm in PLC control system Module installs full-view camera in equipment, so that user terminal (such as cell phone application) can receive warning message, it can also be long-range Manipulation turns off or on full-view camera, to release the problem in production in time.
The above is only the preferred embodiments of the utility model, and therefore it does not limit the scope of the patent of the utility model, all The equivalent structure transformation done using the utility model specification and accompanying drawing content, it is relevant to be applied directly or indirectly in other Technical field is also included in the patent protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment characterized by comprising
Feed system enters in equipment for conveying raw material, including parent metal input unit and reinforcement material input dress It sets;
Feed processing system is connect with the feed system, and the feed processing system includes material mixing device and stirring power device, And the parent metal input unit and reinforcement material input is connect with the material mixing device respectively;
And temperature control system, so that material is mixed within the temperature range of setting, to prevent metal freezing.
2. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the equipment further includes casting System, the running gate system are connect with the mixing arrangement, realize metal-base composites preparation and formed product one Bodyization operation.
3. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the reinforcement material is defeated Enter the protective gas conveyance conduit and reinforcement materials transfer duct that device includes connection.
4. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material mixing device Including crucible, the stirring power device includes the motor agitating paddle being installed in the crucible.
5. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the temperature control system includes electricity Silk element is hindered, the resistance wire element is laid in the periphery of the material mixing device.
6. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the feed processing system is also wrapped The furnace body for preventing heat loss is included, the resistance wire element is set in the furnace chamber of the furnace body together with material mixing device.
7. metal-base composites Preparation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the equipment further includes lifting System, the jacking system include hoistable platform and lifting motor, and the feed processing system is connect with jacking system.
8. metal-base composites Preparation equipment described in any one of -7 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to set Standby further includes general control system, and the general control system and feed system, feed processing system and temperature control system communication connection pass through Parameter preset realizes automated production.
CN201820587072.4U 2018-04-24 2018-04-24 A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment Active CN208320696U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820587072.4U CN208320696U (en) 2018-04-24 2018-04-24 A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820587072.4U CN208320696U (en) 2018-04-24 2018-04-24 A kind of metal-base composites Preparation equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109706334A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-03 太原理工大学 Cast alumin(i)um dicalcium/magnesium dicalcium reinforced phase magnesium-based composite material preparation method in a kind of high-content
CN109718682A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-07 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 A kind of agitating device and container being used to prepare magnesium-based composite material
CN109759692A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-17 武汉大学 A kind of method of outdoor welding aluminium busbar under cold environment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109706334A (en) * 2019-01-17 2019-05-03 太原理工大学 Cast alumin(i)um dicalcium/magnesium dicalcium reinforced phase magnesium-based composite material preparation method in a kind of high-content
CN109706334B (en) * 2019-01-17 2021-01-22 太原理工大学 Preparation method of high-content endogenous aluminum dicalcium/magnesium dicalcium reinforcing phase magnesium-based composite material
CN109759692A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-17 武汉大学 A kind of method of outdoor welding aluminium busbar under cold environment
CN109718682A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-07 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 A kind of agitating device and container being used to prepare magnesium-based composite material
CN109718682B (en) * 2019-03-07 2021-09-21 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Stirring device and container for preparing magnesium-based composite material

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