CN208313028U - Energy-saving gas crucible furnace - Google Patents

Energy-saving gas crucible furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208313028U
CN208313028U CN201820945114.7U CN201820945114U CN208313028U CN 208313028 U CN208313028 U CN 208313028U CN 201820945114 U CN201820945114 U CN 201820945114U CN 208313028 U CN208313028 U CN 208313028U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
insulating brick
heat
crucible
layer
Prior art date
Application number
CN201820945114.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
查晓
Original Assignee
东莞市热工工业熔炉设备制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201820945114.7U priority Critical patent/CN208313028U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208313028U publication Critical patent/CN208313028U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses energy-saving gas crucible furnaces, including furnace body, the bottom of the furnace body inner cavity is fixedly connected with insulating brick-layer, the surrounding of the insulating brick-layer is fixedly connected with the surrounding of furnace body inner cavity, hollow heat insulating brick column is fixedly connected at the top of the insulating brick-layer, middle-end at the top of the insulating brick-layer and inner cavity for being located at hollow heat insulating brick column is fixedly connected with brick platform, the first sand bed is fixedly connected at the top of the brick platform, the top of the furnace body inner cavity and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column be fixedly connected with crucible, be fixedly connected with heat exchanger on the right side of the furnace body.The utility model is cooperated by furnace body, insulating brick-layer, heat exchanger, crucible, hollow brick column and hot air pipe, it solves present gas-fired crucible furnace and needs a large amount of heat when carrying out melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace can not be stored and be utilized to heat, so that a large amount of thermal energy are lost in vain, a large amount of fuel are resulted in the need for keep heat, cause asking for energy waste.

Description

Energy-saving gas crucible furnace
Technical field
The utility model relates to crucible furnace equipment technical fields, specially energy-saving gas crucible furnace.
Background technique
Crucible furnace is a kind of simplest smelting equipment, is mainly used for melting the less high non-ferrous metal of fusing point, such as copper, aluminium And its alloy etc..This smelting furnace, alloy are melted in crucible, and heat is transmitted to furnace charge through crucible, and furnace charge kind combustion product is not straight Contact, therefore alloy composition is hardly influenced by furnace gas, and the temperature of aluminium alloy is also more uniform, and when melting puts metal It sets in a container for being named as crucible.Crucible is placed in furnace, makees fuel heating with diesel oil, heavy oil, coal gas or coke, according to not With requirement, crucible can be made of different materials such as graphite, fire clay, cast irons, and furnace body has ground pit type, fixed and rotary type etc. Several, there are also a kind of electrical crucible, general capacity very little is chiefly used in laboratory, and crucible furnace simple structure invests small, operation Fastly, it is widely used in the foundry of middle-size and small-size non-ferrous alloy processing factory and engineering works, but present gas-fired crucible furnace exists It carries out needing a large amount of heat when melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace can not be stored and be utilized to heat, so that a large amount of thermal energy are white White loss results in the need for a large amount of fuel to keep heat, causes energy waste, for this purpose, it is proposed that energy-saving gas crucible furnace.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide energy-saving gas crucible furnaces, have the advantage of energy conservation, solve present Gas-fired crucible furnace needs a large amount of heat when carrying out melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace can not be stored and be utilized to heat, be made It obtains a large amount of thermal energy to be lost in vain, results in the need for a large amount of fuel come the problem of keeping heat, cause energy waste.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions: energy-saving gas crucible furnace, including furnace body, The bottom of the furnace body inner cavity is fixedly connected with insulating brick-layer, the surrounding of the insulating brick-layer and the fixed company of the surrounding of furnace body inner cavity Connect, hollow heat insulating brick column be fixedly connected at the top of the insulating brick-layer, the middle-end at the top of the insulating brick-layer and be located at it is hollow The inner cavity of insulating brick column is fixedly connected with brick platform, and the first sand bed is fixedly connected at the top of the brick platform, the furnace body inner cavity Top and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column be fixedly connected with crucible, be fixedly connected with heat exchanger on the right side of the furnace body.
Preferably, first sand bed is fixedly connected with the bottom of crucible, and the first sand bed with a thickness of 100 millimeters.
Preferably, the top of the insulating brick-layer and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column wall bottom be fixedly connected with second sand Layer, and the second sand bed with a thickness of 20 millimeters.
Preferably, the bottom righthand side of the heat exchanger front surface is fixedly connected with hot air pipe, and the other end of hot air pipe passes through It wears furnace body and extends to the inner cavity of hollow heat insulating brick column.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, the utility model is fixedly connected with insulating brick-layer, and the fixed company in top of insulating brick-layer in the bottom of furnace body inner cavity It is connected to hollow heat insulating brick column, is kept the temperature using insulating brick-layer and hollow heat insulating brick column, so that the temperature of furnace body will not be too fast It sheds, passes through the top of furnace body inner cavity and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column and be fixedly connected with crucible, using crucible to needing to process Object carry out melting, then hot air pipe, and the other end of hot air pipe are fixedly connected with by the bottom righthand side of heat exchanger front surface Through furnace body and the inner cavity of hollow heat insulating brick column is extended to, it will be extra in hollow heat insulating brick column by hot air pipe using heat exchanger Heat extraction, when extra heat is entered in heat exchanger by hot air pipe, heat is handled using heat exchanger And preservation, and the heat of storage is transmitted back in crucible furnace, heat is adequately utilized, solves present gas-fired crucible furnace and exists It carries out needing a large amount of heat when melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace can not be stored and be utilized to heat, so that a large amount of thermal energy are white White loss results in the need for a large amount of fuel come the problem of keeping heat, cause energy waste.
2, middle-end of the utility model at the top of insulating brick-layer and it is located at the inner cavity of hollow heat insulating brick column and is fixedly connected with brick Platform, and the first sand bed is fixedly connected at the top of brick platform, it is fixedly connected by the first sand bed with the bottom of crucible, and the first sand bed With a thickness of 100 millimeters, since the first sand bed is relatively soft, can closely be combined with the bottom of crucible, play well Insulation effect, then pass through the top of insulating brick-layer and be located at the bottom of hollow heat insulating brick column wall and be fixedly connected with the second sand bed, And second sand bed with a thickness of 20 millimeters, using the top of the second sand bed covering and heat insulating brick layer, two layers of lagging facility can pole Limits improve present apparatus heat insulation effect.
Detailed description of the invention
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the utility model overlooking structure diagram.
In figure: 1 furnace body, 2 first sand beds, 3 second sand beds, 4 brick platforms, 5 insulating brick-layers, 6 heat exchangers, 7 crucibles, 8 hollow Brick column, 9 hot air pipes.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
The bottom of energy-saving gas crucible furnace referring to FIG. 1-2, including furnace body 1,1 inner cavity of furnace body is fixedly connected with heat preservation The surrounding of brick layer 5, insulating brick-layer 5 is fixedly connected with the surrounding of 1 inner cavity of furnace body, and the top of insulating brick-layer 5 is fixedly connected with hollow Insulating brick column 8 is kept the temperature using insulating brick-layer 5 and hollow heat insulating brick column 8, so that the temperature of furnace body 1 will not be too fast sheds It goes, the middle-end at the top of the insulating brick-layer 5 and inner cavity for being located at hollow heat insulating brick column 8 is fixedly connected with brick platform 4, the top of brick platform 4 is solid Surely it is connected with the first sand bed 2, the top of the insulating brick-layer 5 and bottom for being located at 8 inner wall of hollow heat insulating brick column is fixedly connected with second Sand bed 3, and the second sand bed 3 with a thickness of 20 millimeters, using the top of 3 covering and heat insulating brick layer 5 of the second sand bed, two layers of heat preservation is set Applying greatly limit to improve the top of 1 inner cavity of present apparatus heat insulation effect furnace body and be fixedly connected with positioned at hollow heat insulating brick column 8 Crucible 7, the object for needing to process using 7 pairs of crucible carry out melting, and the first sand bed 2 is fixedly connected with the bottom of crucible 7, and first Sand bed 2 with a thickness of 100 millimeters, since the first sand bed 2 is relatively soft, can closely be combined, be played with the bottom of crucible 7 Good insulation effect, the right side of furnace body 1 are fixedly connected with heat exchanger 6, and the bottom righthand side of heat exchanger 6 front surface is fixed to be connected It is connected to hot air pipe 9, and the other end of hot air pipe 9 runs through furnace body 1 and extends to the inner cavity of hollow heat insulating brick column 8, utilizes heat exchange Device 6 is extracted out heat extra in hollow heat insulating brick column 8 by hot air pipe 9, is handed over when extra heat enters heat by hot air pipe 9 When in parallel operation 6, heat is handled and saved using heat exchanger 6, and the heat of storage is transmitted back in crucible furnace, sufficiently Heat is utilized, solve present gas-fired crucible furnace and need a large amount of heat when carrying out melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace without Method is stored and is utilized to heat, so that a large amount of thermal energy are lost in vain, are resulted in the need for a large amount of fuel to keep heat, is caused energy The problem of source wastes.
In use, being fixedly connected with insulating brick-layer 5 in the bottom of 1 inner cavity of furnace body, and the top of insulating brick-layer 5 is fixedly connected There is hollow heat insulating brick column 8, kept the temperature using insulating brick-layer 5 and hollow heat insulating brick column 8, so that the temperature of furnace body 1 will not be too fast Shed, pass through the top of 1 inner cavity of furnace body and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column 8 and be fixedly connected with crucible 7, utilize 7 pairs of need of crucible The object to be processed carries out melting, then is fixedly connected with hot air pipe 9, and hot air pipe 9 by the bottom righthand side of 6 front surface of heat exchanger The other end through furnace body 1 and extend to the inner cavity of hollow heat insulating brick column 8, using heat exchanger 6 by hot air pipe 9 by hollow guarantor Extra heat extraction in warm brick column 8 utilizes heat exchanger when extra heat is entered in heat exchanger 6 by hot air pipe 9 6 pairs of heats are handled and are saved, and the heat of storage is transmitted back in crucible furnace, and heat is adequately utilized, and are solved existing Gas-fired crucible furnace need a large amount of heat when carrying out melting, and gas-fired crucible furnace can not carry out storage and benefit to heat With resulting in the need for a large amount of fuel to keep the temperature the problem of keeping heat, cause energy waste so that a large amount of thermal energy is lost in vain The middle-end at the top of the brick layer 5 and inner cavity for being located at hollow heat insulating brick column 8 is fixedly connected with brick platform 4, and the top of brick platform 4 is fixedly connected Have the first sand bed 2, be fixedly connected by the first sand bed 2 with the bottom of crucible 7, and the first sand bed 2 with a thickness of 100 millimeters, by It is relatively soft in the first sand bed 2, it can closely be combined, be played a very good insulation effect with the bottom of crucible 7, then pass through guarantor The top of warm brick layer 5 and be located at 8 inner wall of hollow heat insulating brick column bottom be fixedly connected with the second sand bed 3, and the thickness of the second sand bed 3 Degree is 20 millimeters, and using the top of 3 covering and heat insulating brick layer 5 of the second sand bed, two layers of lagging facility greatly limit can improve this Device heat insulation effect.
In summary: the energy-saving gas crucible furnace, by furnace body 1, insulating brick-layer 5, heat exchanger 6, crucible 7, hollow Brick column 8 and hot air pipe 9 cooperate, and solve present gas-fired crucible furnace and need a large amount of heat when carrying out melting, and fire Gas crucible furnace can not be stored and be utilized to heat, so that a large amount of thermal energy are lost in vain, result in the need for a large amount of fuel to keep Heat, the problem of causing energy waste.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, It is understood that these embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaired Change, replacement and variant, the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. energy-saving gas crucible furnace, including furnace body (1), it is characterised in that: the bottom of furnace body (1) inner cavity is fixedly connected with The surrounding of insulating brick-layer (5), the insulating brick-layer (5) is fixedly connected with the surrounding of furnace body (1) inner cavity, the insulating brick-layer (5) Top be fixedly connected with hollow heat insulating brick column (8), the middle-end at the top of the insulating brick-layer (5) and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column (8) inner cavity is fixedly connected with brick platform (4), is fixedly connected with the first sand bed (2) at the top of the brick platform (4), the furnace body (1) The top of inner cavity and be located at hollow heat insulating brick column (8) be fixedly connected with crucible (7), be fixedly connected on the right side of the furnace body (1) Heat exchanger (6).
2. energy-saving gas crucible furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first sand bed (2) and crucible (7) Bottom be fixedly connected, and the first sand bed (2) with a thickness of 100 millimeters.
3. energy-saving gas crucible furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top of the insulating brick-layer (5) and Bottom positioned at hollow heat insulating brick column (8) inner wall is fixedly connected with the second sand bed (3), and the second sand bed (3) with a thickness of 20 Millimeter.
4. energy-saving gas crucible furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: heat exchanger (6) front surface Bottom righthand side is fixedly connected with hot air pipe (9), and the other end of hot air pipe (9) through furnace body (1) and extends to hollow heat insulating brick column (8) inner cavity.
CN201820945114.7U 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace CN208313028U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820945114.7U CN208313028U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820945114.7U CN208313028U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208313028U true CN208313028U (en) 2019-01-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820945114.7U CN208313028U (en) 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace

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CN (1) CN208313028U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110319690A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-11 宁夏秦氏新材料有限公司 Gas heating metal nitride synthesis device
CN110567267A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-13 南通高新工业炉有限公司 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace for heating combustion air by using flue gas

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110319690A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-11 宁夏秦氏新材料有限公司 Gas heating metal nitride synthesis device
CN110567267A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-13 南通高新工业炉有限公司 Energy-saving gas crucible furnace for heating combustion air by using flue gas

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