CN208309856U - Insulation board - Google Patents

Insulation board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208309856U
CN208309856U CN201820276457.9U CN201820276457U CN208309856U CN 208309856 U CN208309856 U CN 208309856U CN 201820276457 U CN201820276457 U CN 201820276457U CN 208309856 U CN208309856 U CN 208309856U
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longitudinal
nail
insulation board
plate
layer
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张延年
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of insulation board, and insulation board mainly includes flush end mouth insulation board, single-ended ladder mouth insulation board or both-end ladder mouth insulation board;Flush end mouth insulation board is made of multiple plate layers, and each plate layer is made of muti-piece specification timber, and the rift grain wood of all adjacent plies is mutually vertical;Inside and outside is continuous longitudinal plate layer, and several internal band cavity longitudinal direction plank layers and internal band cavity transverse direction plank layer are arranged between the two timber layer;Connection ladder mouth is respectively set in one end of top layer and the continuous longitudinal plate layer of bottom in single-ended ladder mouth insulation board, and both-end ladder mouth heat preservation board ends are respectively provided with.The utility model has the beneficial effects that fully achieving prefabrication, durability is obviously improved, do not damage ecological environment, lumber recovery is substantially improved, and realizes that acoustical and thermal is integrated, inner void maximizes, greatly improve plate stiffness and strength, material utilization amount, superior stress performance are reduced, and there is impayable recoverable force ability.

Description

Insulation board
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of buildings, more particularly to a kind of insulation board.
Background technique
According to statistics, construction industry consumes about 50% energy on the earth, 42% water resource, 50% material and 48% Arable land.Cause disruption of ecological balance, produce global 24% air pollution, 50% greenhouse effects, 40% pollution of waterhead and 50% chlorofluorocarbons etc..With modern wood structure science and technology and timber treatment technology continue to develop, be fully solved fire prevention, it is moisture-proof, The series of problems such as anti-corrosion, ant proof, sound insulation allow challenge of the timber in any building, and in projected life and use On service life, wooden frame structure is considerably longer than concrete structure house.Timber structure and its industrialized continuous development build China Industry really realizes the green, recyclable, sustainable of overall process.Therefore, ancient and modern timber buildings start gradually The arena theatre of construction industry is returned to, mainly timber buildings have the advantages such as huge sustainable development: 1. green: the every life of forest Long one cubic metre of timber, can absorb about 850 kilograms of carbon dioxide.And it produces 1 cubic metre of steel and discharges about 12 tons of carbon dioxide, 1 Cubic meter of concrete discharges about 3 tons of carbon dioxide.2. health: in timber buildings room air containing a large amount of polyphenol powde and by The referred to as vitaminic anion of air, it is physically and mentally healthy beneficial to the people.3. energy conservation: the properties of heat preservation and energy saving of wooden frame structure is better than appointing What his structure type.The insulation value of timber is 16 times higher than concrete, 400 times higher than steel, 1600 times higher than aluminium.4. ring Protect: timber be naturally can growth material, steel, manufacture of cement cause air, water pollution.5. anti-seismic performance: timber structure has Superior flexibility, good ductility and energy dissipation capacity.Even if strong earthquake makes whole building be detached from its basis, structure It is often intact.Timber structure toughness is big, has very strong resistivity for moment impact load and Cyclic fatigue destruction, There is optimal shock resistance, this point has sufficiently been proved in many big earthquake centres in all structures.6. durability: timber is one The material that kind is stablized, the service life is long, durability is strong.The numerous ancient times Wood constructions in China experienced hardships precipitation in thousand, still stand erect. External a large amount of wooden houses, are used for centuries, still play and preferably use function.7. fire resistance: through fire-retardant The timber structure of processing has charing effect, and low conductivity effectively can prevent flame from inwardly spreading, to guarantee entire timber structure It is not damaged within some time.8. flexible design, utilization rate are high: compared with steel construction, concrete structure and masonry structure, wood The type of attachment of structure is the most various, and space layout is the most flexible, utilization rate highest.9. construction: the construction period of timber structure is most It is short, and weatherproof, it can construct any time.
Timber buildings not only have huge sustainable development advantage, and have enormous industrial advantage: 1. assembling rate High: concrete structure is difficult more than 80%, and timber structure can reach 100%.2. standardization, general rate are high: Structural Laminated Wood material list One, standardization, generalization degree are higher than concrete structure.3. job-shop automation is horizontal high: timber structure machinability is strong, workshop structure The percent of automatization of part production is much higher than concrete structure.4. processing cost is low: wood structures are not necessarily to mold, pour and conserve, It processes time saving, saving of labor, save money.5. machining accuracy is high: timber structure process is all made of lathe program control operation, and machining accuracy is high. 6. transportation cost is low: timber structure not only light weight, and shape is more regular, without a large amount of exposed steel bar.7. assembling speed is fast: assembly There is still a need for a large amount of wet constructions for concrete structure, in contrast, the timber structure construction period can be shortened several times.8. worker requires low: Concrete structure assembly needs large quantities of high-quality professional contingents, a large amount of precisely operations, be in the milk with it is cast-in-place.Especially a large amount of reinforcing bar Connection, operation difficulty are big.And the installation operation of timber structure is significant simplified.9. big component general assembly: due to timber structure light weight, It is more regular, therefore big component general assembly can be used, industrialization degree is higher.
Cross-bedding building blocks (CLT) are a kind of Novel wooden construction materials, sorted and be cut into using kiln drying specification finger joint lumber Flitch composes solid wood board using high-strength material, can customize area and thickness as required after orthogonal (90 degree) stack; Its main feature is that the staggered specification wood gluing of band and vertical line is formed, the alternative concrete material of intensity, surveyed through related Take temperature bright: with the combination of materials at Wood construction object anti-seismic performance it is good.
CLT substantially just has very strong load-bearing capacity, and whether in longitudinal direction or transverse combination application aspect, It all can serve as a kind of important load-bearing material.Theoretically, CLT can be used for the structural wood of up to 10 layers timber buildings Material, and can be used as the alternative materials of cement or steel.
CLT belongs to heavy timber construction, and the crosswise lamination wood plank of large area can be directly after notch, exterior wall, building as building Plate and roof boarding etc., suitable for more than ground building;Because the technology has the advantage constructed efficiently, at a high speed, and weather is wanted It asks low, construction speed can be greatlyd improve.The intrinsic fabulous fire resistance of CLT, this is similar to the characteristic of heavy timber construction: once hair It lights a fire calamity, CLT wood material surface layer can be slowly carbonized and at the same time can be former inside the maintenance of long period with certain rate Some structural strengths.Therefore this charred effect can also be further ensured that the structural strength of plank.In the area that earthquake takes place frequently, The emphasis considered during safe design is the shock resistance of structural system.CLT is being built as a kind of construction material with other The middle connector used and fastener ensure that overall structure has stronger shock resistance together.Materials are natural, green ring It protects, in whole life cycle, greenhouse gas emission can be greatly decreased;It is low to execution conditions requirement, it builds installation quickly, saves Duration, to reduce cost;Compared to traditional construction material, material is light, not high to fundamental importance, is conducive to accelerate construction progress and reduce Cost;The timber buildings fire prevention of crosswise lamination timber, anti-seismic performance are excellent.
However CLT the shortcomings that there is also itself: the stationary phase of the structure glue 1. used often only has 50 years, part-structure Glue stationary phase was less than 20 years, and timber buildings structural life-time is often up to centuries or even thousands of years, the stability of structure glue Seriously affect the durability of structure.2. structure glue is largely used, it is not only harmful to health, certain destroy also is generated to environment.3. wood Its surface is needed to put down when material gluing as mirror, lumber recovery significantly reduces.4. the materials such as heat preservation, sound insulation can not integrate, increase Field procedure extends the duration, increases cost.
Utility model content
In order to improve the durability of CLT, glue connection is replaced using nail nail connection, chemical products is no longer used, extends CL's Service life, and avoid environmental pollution.Plate lumber recovery is greatly improved, and uses a large amount of internal cavities design side Method, the Integration ofTechnology for not only being kept the temperature, being insulated against sound more significantly improve the rigidity of same plate, stress performance, with more good Recovery deformability.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model are as follows:
Insulation board, including flush end mouth insulation board, single-ended ladder mouth insulation board or both-end ladder mouth insulation board;The flush end mouth Insulation board is made of multiple plate layers, and each plate layer is made of muti-piece specification timber, and the rift grain wood of all adjacent plies is mutually Vertically;Each layer timber layer is using nail (13) connection;Outermost layer and innermost layer are continuous longitudinal plate layer, by the longitudinal wood continuously arranged Plate is constituted, and several internal band cavity longitudinal direction plank layers and internal band cavity transverse direction plank layer are arranged between the two timber layer;Continuously The both ends of longitudinal plate layer are longitudinal end plate (3), and several typical longitudinal planks (1) are uniformly distributed between longitudinal end plate (3);
The longitudinal end plates (3) in inside two pieces with cavity longitudinal direction plank layer are located at both ends, between longitudinal end plate (3) uniformly It is distributed several cavity longitudinal directions inner panel (4), all longitudinal direction end plates (3) and cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) are mutually parallel;Longitudinal end plate (3) and the spacing of all plates of cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) is the width of 2-5 block plate, and filling cross is respectively set at both ends To end plate (11), and respectively in a row alignment, and several rows are set between the lateral end plate (11) of two rows filling and are filled in transverse direction Plate (10);The plate width of longitudinal end plate (3) is wide 1-2 times of cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) plate;It fills lateral end plate (11) and filling is horizontal It is the spacing of 5-10 block plate to each row's spacing of inner panel (10), forms longitudinal cavity (14);
The lateral end plates (8) in inside two pieces with cavity transverse direction plank layer are located at both ends, between lateral end plate (8) uniformly Several cavity transverse direction inner panels (9) are distributed, all transverse direction end plates (8) and cavity transverse direction inner panel (9) are mutually parallel;Lateral end plate (8) and the spacing of all plates of cavity transverse direction inner panel (9) is the width of 3-8 block plate, and filling is respectively set at both ends and indulges To end plate (6), and respectively in a row alignment, and several rows are set between the longitudinal end plate (6) of two rows filling and fill longitudinal inner panel (5);The plate width for filling longitudinal end plate (6) is wide 1-1.5 times of longitudinal inner panel (5) plate of filling;Fill longitudinal end plate (6) and filling Each row's spacing of longitudinal inner panel (5) is the spacing of 5-10 block plate, is formed transverse passageway (15);
Longitudinal end plate (3) of each layer, fills longitudinal end plate (6), lateral end plate (8) filling cross at cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) It is aligned to end plate (11), longitudinal cavity (14);The cavity transverse direction inner panel (9) of adjacent layer is mutually staggered, and with adjacent cross It is corresponding to the middle part of cavity (15);In the rectangular central that longitudinal end plate (3) and lateral end plate (8) are overlapped, open up lifting with Branch guard aperture (17);It fills and opens up several installing ports (18) on longitudinal end plate (6);
The difference of single-ended ladder mouth insulation board and flush end mouth insulation board is: in the continuous longitudinal plate layer of top layer and bottom One end is respectively set connection ladder mouth (16), connection ladder mouth (16) with a thickness of plate thickness, width is typical longitudinal plank (1) Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank (1) of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost;
Both-end ladder mouth insulation board and the difference of flush end mouth insulation board are: in the continuous longitudinal plate layer of top layer and bottom Both ends are respectively set connection ladder mouth (16), connection ladder mouth (16) with a thickness of plate thickness, width is typical longitudinal plank (1) Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank (1) of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost.
Wherein, frivolous heat preservation partition cloth (12) is set between each timber layer, and frivolous heat preservation partition cloth (12), cavity are longitudinal Inner panel (4) fills longitudinal inner panel (5), cavity transverse direction inner panel (9), fills lateral inner panel (10) for the company of outermost layer and innermost layer Continuous longitudinal plate layer, longitudinal end plate (3) fill longitudinal end plate (6), lateral end plate (8), fill the space that lateral end plate (11) surrounds It is separated into longitudinal cavity (14) and transverse passageway (15) that several mutually independent, closed, air are not easy convection current.
Wherein, thermal insulation material, thermal insulation material and the lateral inner panel (10) of filling are filled in transverse passageway (15) by longitudinal plate The cavity of layer is separated into longitudinal cavity (14) that several mutually independent, closed, air are not easy convection current.
Wherein, it is that the orthogonal overlapping of each layer transverse and longitudinal wood is applied in nail unit (13-1) that the nail of the nail (13), which penetrates position,;According to weight Conjunction size may be selected each unit nail and penetrate 4,8 or 9 nails (13);
Nail penetrates 4: nail (13) nail, which is penetrated to apply in outer ring, follows closely rectangular (13-2) or inner ring is applied and followed closely on rectangular (13-3), and outer ring is applied Follow closely the 1-3 that rectangular (13-2) meets specification regulation minimum spacing apart from the distance that nail unit (13-1) is applied in the orthogonal overlapping of transverse and longitudinal wood Times, outer ring, which is applied, follows closely rectangular (13-2) and inner ring and applies that follow closely the spacing of rectangular (13-3) be 1- that distance meets that specification provides minimum spacing 2 times;Odd-level nail distribution are as follows: two of them follow closely (13) outer ring apply follow closely rectangular (13-2) it is diagonal on, other two nail (13) Inner ring apply follow closely that rectangular (13-3) and outer ring apply that nail rectangular (13-2) intersects it is diagonal on;Even level nail distribution are as follows: with odd-level The corresponding position outer ring of nail (13) applies nail rectangular (13-2) and inner ring applies rectangular (13-3) the equal transposition of nail;
Nail penetrates 8: wherein 4 nails (13) penetrate that 4 nail positions of (13) are identical with only following closely, in addition 4 positions for following closely (13) Are as follows: odd-level nail distribution are as follows: two nails (13) apply the midpoint for following closely two opposite sides of rectangular (13-2) in outer ring, other two Nail (13) applies the midpoint followed closely rectangular (13-3) and outer ring and apply two opposite sides that nail rectangular (13-2) intersects in inner ring;Even level Nail distribution are as follows: position outer ring corresponding with odd-level nail (13) applies nail rectangular (13-2) and inner ring is applied and follows closely rectangular (13-3) mutually Change place;
Nail penetrates 9: wherein 8 nails (13) with only follow closely that penetrate 8 nail positions of (13) identical;Inner ring apply follow closely rectangular (13-3) or Outer ring applies opposite side midpoint line 4 quadrants of composition for following closely rectangular (13-2), when odd-level nail (13) is in first quartile corner, even number Layer is the corner of third quadrant;When odd-level nail (13) is in the second quadrant corner, even level is the corner of fourth quadrant.
Wherein, the I shape exterior wall connecting node of the insulation board is to connect two insulation boards with connection ladder mouth (16) It connects, relatively, two wallboards are in I shape for connection ladder mouth (16), and laminated veneer lumber (19) nail is respectively adopted in two sides and penetrates in connection rank On ladder way (16), two pieces of insulation boards are connected into I shape exterior wall.
Wherein, the T shape exterior wall connecting node of the insulation board is to connect two insulation boards with flush end mouth, with peace One end of dress mouth (18) is close to the side end of the insulation board without installing port (18), will be several using self-tapping screw (20) On the longitudinal end plate (3) for the side end that a double T connecting plates (21) are uniformly mounted on insulation board, fixed plate (21-1) and longitudinal end Plate (3) connection;By in two linking arms (21-2) of double T connecting plates (21) insertion installing port (18), using pin (22) by two Person's connection.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Fully achieve prefabrication, durability is obviously improved, and does not damage ecological environment, and lumber recovery is substantially improved, realize every Sound is heat-insulated integrated, and inner void maximizes, and greatly improves plate stiffness and strength, reduces material utilization amount, superior stress performance, And there is impayable recoverable force ability.Construction housing cost is low, and the processing is simple, easy for construction, increases substantially installation Efficiency reduces cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the front view of flush end mouth insulation board.
Fig. 2 is the top view of flush end mouth insulation board.
Fig. 3 is the side view of flush end mouth insulation board.
Fig. 4 is the side view of the insulation board with installing port.
Fig. 5 is internal band cavity longitudinal direction plank layer insulation board schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is internal band cavity transverse direction plank layer insulation board schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is single-ended ladder mouth insulation board top view.
Fig. 8 is both-end ladder mouth insulation board top view.
Fig. 9 a is the rectangular 4 nail layout drawing of odd-level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Fig. 9 b is the rectangular 4 nail layout drawing of even level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Figure 10 a is the rectangular 8 nail layout drawing of odd-level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Figure 10 b is the rectangular 8 nail layout drawing of even level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Figure 11 a is the rectangular 9 nail layout drawing of odd-level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Figure 11 b is the rectangular 9 nail layout drawing of even level transverse and longitudinal plank intersection.
Figure 12 a is the I shape exterior wall connection schematic diagram of insulation board (before connection).
Figure 12 b is the I shape exterior wall connection schematic diagram of insulation board (after connection).
Figure 13 is the T shape exterior wall connection schematic diagram of insulation board.
Figure 14 a is double T connecting plate schematic diagrames.
Figure 14 b is double T connecting plate top views.
In figure: 1 is typical longitudinal plank;3 be longitudinal end plate;4 be cavity longitudinal direction inner panel;5 be the longitudinal inner panel of filling;6 are Fill longitudinal end plate;8 be lateral end plate;9 be cavity transverse direction inner panel;10 be the lateral inner panel of filling;11 be the lateral end plate of filling;12 For frivolous heat preservation partition cloth;13 be nail;14 be longitudinal cavity;15 be transverse passageway;16 be connection ladder mouth;17 be lifting and branch Guard aperture;18 be installing port;19 be laminated veneer lumber;20 be self-tapping screw;21 be double T connecting plates;22 be pin;
13-1 is that nail unit is applied in the orthogonal overlapping of transverse and longitudinal wood;13-2 be outer ring apply nail it is rectangular;13-3 be inner ring apply nail it is rectangular; 21-1 is fixed plate;21-2 is linking arm.
Specific embodiment
In order to further illustrate the utility model, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments to insulation board provided by the utility model It is described in detail, but they cannot be interpreted as to the restriction to scope of protection of the utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 14, insulation board mainly includes flush end mouth insulation board, single-ended ladder mouth insulation board, both-end ladder Mouth insulation board;Flush end mouth insulation board is made of multiple plate layers, and each plate layer is made of muti-piece specification timber, all adjacent plies Rift grain wood it is mutually vertical;Each layer timber layer is using 13 connection of nail;Outermost layer and innermost layer are continuous longitudinal plate layer, by continuous Longitudinal plank of arrangement is constituted, and several internal band cavity longitudinal direction plank layers are arranged between the two timber layer and internal band cavity is lateral Plank layer;The both ends of continuous longitudinal plate layer are longitudinal end plate 3, and several typical longitudinal planks are uniformly distributed between longitudinal end plate 3 1;
Two piece longitudinal end plates 3 of the inside with cavity longitudinal direction plank layer are located at both ends, are uniformly distributed between longitudinal end plate 3 Several cavity longitudinal directions inner panel 4, all longitudinal direction end plates 3 and cavity longitudinal direction inner panel 4 are mutually parallel;It is vertical in longitudinal end plate 3 and cavity Spacing to all plates of inner panel 4 is the width of 2-5 block plate, and the lateral end plate 11 of filling is respectively set at both ends, and Respectively in a row alignment, and between the lateral end plate 11 of two rows of fillings, several rows are set and fill lateral inner panel 10;The plate of longitudinal end plate 3 Width is wide 1-2 times of 4 plates of cavity longitudinal direction inner panel;Filling lateral end plate 11 and filling each row's spacing of lateral inner panel 10 is 5-10 block The spacing of plate forms longitudinal cavity 14;
Two piece lateral end plates 8 of the inside with cavity transverse direction plank layer are located at both ends, are uniformly distributed between lateral end plate 8 Several cavity transverse direction inner panels 9, all transverse direction end plates 8 and cavity transverse direction inner panel 9 are mutually parallel;It is lateral in lateral end plate 8, cavity The spacing of all plates of inner panel 9 is the width of 3-8 block plate, and the longitudinal end plate 6 of filling is respectively set at both ends, and respectively In a row alignment, and between the longitudinal end plate 6 of two rows of fillings, several rows are set and fill longitudinal inner panel 5;The plate for filling longitudinal end plate 6 is wide To fill wide 1-1.5 times of longitudinal 5 plate of inner panel;Filling longitudinal end plate 6 and filling each row's spacing of longitudinal inner panel 5 is 5-10 block plate Spacing, formed transverse passageway 15;
Longitudinal end plate 3 of each layer, cavity longitudinal direction inner panel 4, fill longitudinal end plate 6, lateral end plate 8, fill lateral end plate 11, Longitudinal cavity 14 is aligned;The cavity transverse direction inner panel 9 of adjacent layer is mutually staggered, and the middle part phase with adjacent transverse passageway 15 It is corresponding;In the rectangular central that longitudinal end plate 3 and lateral end plate 8 are overlapped, lifting and branch guard aperture 17 are opened up;Fill longitudinal end plate 6 On open up several installing ports 18.
Thermal-insulating scheme is divided into two kinds:
Thermal-insulating scheme 1: being arranged frivolous heat preservation partition cloth 12 between each timber layer, and frivolous heat preservation partition cloth 12, cavity are vertical To inner panel 4, the longitudinal inner panel 5 of filling, cavity transverse direction inner panel 9, lateral inner panel 10 is filled by the continuous longitudinal direction of outermost layer and innermost layer The space that plate layer, longitudinal end plate 3, the longitudinal end plate 6 of filling, lateral end plate 8, the lateral end plate 11 of filling surround is separated into several phases Mutual independent, closed, air is not easy the longitudinal cavity 14 and transverse passageway 15 of convection current;
Thermal-insulating scheme 2: thermal insulation material, thermal insulation material and the lateral inner panel 10 of filling are filled in transverse passageway 15 by longitudinal plate The cavity of layer is separated into longitudinal cavity 14 that several mutually independent, closed, air are not easy convection current.
The difference of single-ended ladder mouth insulation board and flush end mouth insulation board is: in the continuous longitudinal plate layer of top layer and bottom One end is respectively set connection ladder mouth 16, connection ladder mouth 16 with a thickness of plate thickness, width is the one of typical longitudinal plank 1 Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank 1 of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost;
Both-end ladder mouth insulation board and the difference of flush end mouth insulation board are: in the continuous longitudinal plate layer of top layer and bottom Both ends are respectively set connection ladder mouth 16, connection ladder mouth 16 with a thickness of plate thickness, width is the one of typical longitudinal plank 1 Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank 1 of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost.
The I shape exterior wall connection method of insulation board: two insulation board connections with connection ladder mouth 16 connect ladder mouth 16 Relatively, two wallboards are in I shape, and the nail of laminated veneer lumber 19 is respectively adopted in two sides and penetrates on connection ladder mouth 16, two pieces are kept the temperature Plate connects into I shape exterior wall.
The T shape exterior wall connection method of insulation board: two insulation boards with flush end mouth are connected, one with installing port 18 End is close to the side end of the insulation board without installing port 18, using self-tapping screw 20 that several double T connecting plates 21 are equal On longitudinal end plate 3 of the even side end for being mounted on insulation board, fixed plate 21-1 is connect with longitudinal end plate 3;By double T connecting plates 21 Two linking arm 21-2 insertion installing port 18 in, the two is connected using pin 22.
It is that the orthogonal overlapping of each layer transverse and longitudinal wood is applied in nail unit 13-1 that the nail of the nail 13, which penetrates position,;According to overlapping area size Each unit nail may be selected and penetrate 4,8 or 9 nails 13;
Nail penetrates 4: the nail of nail 13, which is penetrated, applies the rectangular 13-2 of nail in outer ring or inner ring is applied on the rectangular 13-3 of nail, and it is rectangular that outer ring applies nail 13-2 meets 1-3 times that specification provides minimum spacing apart from the distance that nail unit 13-1 is applied in the orthogonal overlapping of transverse and longitudinal wood, and outer ring applies nail It is that distance meets 1-2 times that specification provides minimum spacing that rectangular 13-2 and inner ring, which are applied and follow closely the spacing of rectangular 13-3,;Odd-level nail point Cloth are as follows: two of them nail 13 outer ring apply the rectangular 13-2 of nail it is diagonal on, other two nail 13 inner ring apply the rectangular 13-3 of nail with Outer ring apply that the rectangular 13-2 of nail intersects it is diagonal on;Even level nail distribution are as follows: follow closely 13 corresponding position outer rings with odd-level and apply nail Rectangular 13-2 and inner ring apply the rectangular equal transposition of 13-3 of nail;
Nail penetrate 8: wherein 4 nail 13 with only nail penetrate 4 nail 13 position it is identical, in addition 4 nail 13 position are as follows: surprise Several layers of nail distribution are as follows: two nails 13 apply the midpoint for following closely two opposite sides of rectangular 13-2 in outer ring, including other two nail 13 Ring, which is applied, follows closely the midpoint that rectangular 13-3 applies two opposite sides that the rectangular 13-2 of nail intersects with outer ring;Even level nail distribution are as follows: with surprise Several layers of 13 corresponding position outer ring of nail apply the rectangular 13-2 of nail and inner ring applies the rectangular equal transposition of 13-3 of nail;
Nail penetrate 9: wherein 8 nail 13 with only nail penetrate 8 follow closely 13 position it is identical;Inner ring applies the rectangular 13-3 of nail or outer ring is applied The opposite side midpoint line for following closely rectangular 13-2 constitutes 4 quadrants, when odd-level nail 13 is in first quartile corner, even level be third as The corner of limit;When odd-level nail 13 is in the second quadrant corner, even level is the corner of fourth quadrant.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art For art personnel, without departing from the principle of this utility model, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improve and Retouching also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. insulation board, including flush end mouth insulation board, single-ended ladder mouth insulation board or both-end ladder mouth insulation board;It is characterized by: The flush end mouth insulation board is made of multiple plate layers, and each plate layer is made of muti-piece specification timber, all adjacent plies it is suitable Line wood is mutually vertical;Each layer timber layer is using nail (13) connection;Outermost layer and innermost layer are continuous longitudinal plate layer, by continuously arranging Longitudinal plank of cloth is constituted, and several internal band cavity longitudinal direction plank layers and internal band cavity laterally wood are arranged between the two timber layer Plate layer;The both ends of continuous longitudinal plate layer are longitudinal end plate (3), and several typical longitudinal wood are uniformly distributed between longitudinal end plate (3) Plate (1);
Two piece longitudinal end plates (3) of the inside with cavity longitudinal direction plank layer are located at both ends, are uniformly distributed between longitudinal end plate (3) Several cavity longitudinal directions inner panel (4), all longitudinal direction end plates (3) and cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) are mutually parallel;Longitudinal end plate (3) and The spacing of all plates of cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) is the width of 2-5 block plate, and the lateral end plate of filling is respectively set at both ends (11), it and is respectively in a row aligned, and several rows is set between the lateral end plate (11) of two rows filling and fill transverse direction inner panel (10); The plate width of longitudinal end plate (3) is wide 1-2 times of cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) plate;It fills lateral end plate (11) and fills lateral inner panel (10) each row's spacing is the spacing of 5-10 block plate, forms longitudinal cavity (14);
Longitudinal end plate (3) of each layer, fills longitudinal end plate (6), lateral end plate (8) filling transverse end at cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4) Plate (11), longitudinal cavity (14) are aligned;The cavity transverse direction inner panel (9) of adjacent layer is mutually staggered, and empty with adjacent transverse direction The middle part of chamber (15) is corresponding;In the rectangular central that longitudinal end plate (3) and lateral end plate (8) are overlapped, lifting and supporting are opened up Hole (17);It fills and opens up several installing ports (18) on longitudinal end plate (6);
The difference of single-ended ladder mouth insulation board and flush end mouth insulation board is: in one end of top layer and the continuous longitudinal plate layer of bottom Be respectively set connection ladder mouth (16), connection ladder mouth (16) with a thickness of plate thickness, width is the one of typical longitudinal plank (1) Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank (1) of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost;
Both-end ladder mouth insulation board and the difference of flush end mouth insulation board are: at the both ends of top layer and the continuous longitudinal plate layer of bottom Be respectively set connection ladder mouth (16), connection ladder mouth (16) with a thickness of plate thickness, width is the one of typical longitudinal plank (1) Half;When width need to be adjusted, using the typical longitudinal plank (1) of connector longitudinal direction matching board replacement outermost.
2. insulation board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: frivolous heat preservation partition cloth is arranged between each timber layer (12), frivolous heat preservation partition cloth (12), cavity longitudinal direction inner panel (4), the longitudinal inner panel (5) of filling, cavity transverse direction inner panel (9), filling Lateral inner panel (10) by the continuous longitudinal plate layer of outermost layer and innermost layer, longitudinal end plate (3), fill longitudinal end plate (6), transverse end The space that plate (8), the lateral end plate (11) of filling surround is separated into several mutually independent, closed, air and is not easy convection current Longitudinal cavity (14) and transverse passageway (15).
3. insulation board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fill thermal insulation material, heat preservation in transverse passageway (15) The cavity of longitudinal plate layer is separated into several mutually independent, closed, air and is not easy by material and the lateral inner panel (10) of filling Longitudinal cavity (14) of convection current.
4. insulation board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is described nail (13) nail penetrate position be each layer transverse and longitudinal wood just Overlapping is handed over to apply in nail unit (13-1);Each unit nail may be selected according to overlapping area size and penetrate 4,8 or 9 nails (13);
Nail penetrates 4: nail (13) nail, which is penetrated to apply in outer ring, follows closely rectangular (13-2) or inner ring is applied and followed closely on rectangular (13-3), and outer ring applies nail side Shape (13-2) meets 1-3 times of specification regulation minimum spacing apart from the distance that nail unit (13-1) is applied in the orthogonal overlapping of transverse and longitudinal wood, outside Ring, which is applied, follows closely rectangular (13-2) and inner ring and applies that follow closely the spacing of rectangular (13-3) be that distance meets 1-2 times that specification provides minimum spacing; Odd-level nail distribution are as follows: two of them follow closely (13) outer ring apply follow closely rectangular (13-2) it is diagonal on, other two nail (13) including Ring apply follow closely that rectangular (13-3) and outer ring apply that nail rectangular (13-2) intersects it is diagonal on;Even level nail distribution are as follows: followed closely with odd-level (13) corresponding position outer ring applies nail rectangular (13-2) and inner ring applies rectangular (13-3) the equal transposition of nail;
Nail penetrates 8: wherein 4 nails (13) penetrate that 4 nail positions of (13) are identical with only following closely, in addition 4 positions for following closely (13) are as follows: Odd-level nail distribution are as follows: two nails (13) apply the midpoint for following closely two opposite sides of rectangular (13-2) in outer ring, other two nail (13) midpoint followed closely rectangular (13-3) and outer ring and apply two opposite sides that nail rectangular (13-2) intersects is applied in inner ring;Even level nail Distribution are as follows: applied with odd-level nail (13) corresponding position outer ring and follow closely rectangular (13-2) and inner ring is applied nail rectangular (13-3) and exchanged Position;
Nail penetrates 9: wherein 8 nails (13) with only follow closely that penetrate 8 nail positions of (13) identical;Inner ring, which is applied, follows closely rectangular (13-3) or outer ring The opposite side midpoint line of Shi Ding rectangular (13-2) constitutes 4 quadrants, and when odd-level nail (13) is in first quartile corner, even level is The corner of third quadrant;When odd-level nail (13) is in the second quadrant corner, even level is the corner of fourth quadrant.
5. insulation board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the I shape exterior wall connecting node of the insulation board is by two A insulation board connection with connection ladder mouth (16), relatively, two wallboards are in I shape for connection ladder mouth (16), are distinguished in two sides It is penetrated in connection ladder mouth (16) using laminated veneer lumber (19) nail, two pieces of insulation boards is connected into I shape exterior wall.
6. insulation board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the T shape exterior wall connecting node of the insulation board is by two A insulation board connection with flush end mouth, one end with installing port (18) is close to the side of the insulation board without installing port (18) Several double T connecting plates (21) are uniformly mounted on the vertical of the side end of insulation board using self-tapping screw (20) by face end To on end plate (3), fixed plate (21-1) is connect with longitudinal end plate (3);Two linking arms (21-2) of double T connecting plates (21) are inserted Enter in installing port (18), is connected the two using pin (22).
CN201820276457.9U 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 Insulation board Active CN208309856U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110539371A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-06 南京林业大学 staggered laminated plate prepared based on tenon rotary friction welding technology

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110539371A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-06 南京林业大学 staggered laminated plate prepared based on tenon rotary friction welding technology

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