CN208283231U - A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device - Google Patents

A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208283231U
CN208283231U CN201820812863.2U CN201820812863U CN208283231U CN 208283231 U CN208283231 U CN 208283231U CN 201820812863 U CN201820812863 U CN 201820812863U CN 208283231 U CN208283231 U CN 208283231U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
measurement device
standpipe
remote controlled
water
soil infiltration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820812863.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张笑培
周新国
王和洲
刘安能
陈金平
杨慎骄
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201820812863.2U priority Critical patent/CN208283231U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208283231U publication Critical patent/CN208283231U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device, which includes infiltrating ring, and with serrated cutting edge structure, upper end is connected with quick coupling male connector for the ring lower end of infiltrating;Standpipe, the standpipe lower part are connected with quick coupling female, and the standpipe is infiltrated ring and be detachably connected by the quick coupling male connector and the quick coupling female with described;Magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor.Infiltration capacity is transferred to single-chip microcontroller by signal picker by flexible water-level gauge, then send the data to remote terminal by GPRS module by being uniformly distributed infiltration instrument in regional soil to be monitored by device provided by the present application;Establish multiple spot soil infiltration monitoring, can comprehensive analysis regional soil infiltrate situation;Single-chip microcontroller can directly calculate infiltration capacity and infiltration rate, save labour turnover;External solar powered plate is not necessarily to external power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device
Technical field
The utility model relates to soil infiltration detection technique fields, more particularly to a kind of remote controlled field portable Formula soil infiltration measurement device.
Background technique
Soil infiltration rate is one of important physical property of soil, directly affects irrigation water and rainwater enters the speed of the soil body Rate and quantity.When to soil infiltration rate progress Accurate Determining in the multi-disciplinary important research such as agrology, ecology, agronomy Hold, existing soil infiltration measurement device uses bicyclic or monocycle more, carries out the permanent head permeability intensity under the conditions of ponding.It is not Foot is to infiltrate ring and squeezes into very big to soil disturbance when ground, and the infiltration rate measured is difficult to accurately reflect original position soil true Value.Water consumption is larger in continuous mode, and device is heavy, is unfavorable for field operation, while testing process and looking for that because of staff Fault will cause reading, calculating mistake is difficult to correct, and directly affect the precision of test data and the accuracy of calculated result.It is conventional Soil infiltration be monitored mainly for certain certain soil infiltration situation, calculated result can only explain soil in specific vegetation And the infiltration capacity under wet condition, it cannot achieve the comprehensive analysis of the Soil Infiltration Characteristic to a certain specific region.Meanwhile entering It seeps ring and squeezes into very big to soil disturbance when ground, measured infiltration rate is difficult to accurately reflect original position soil authenticity.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device.The device can be right A certain regional soil carries out infiltrating condition monitoring, can reduce human cost with telecommunication, high degree of automation.
The utility model provides following scheme:
A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device, comprising:
Ring is infiltrated, with serrated cutting edge structure, upper end is connected with quick coupling male connector for the ring lower end of infiltrating;
Standpipe, the standpipe lower part are connected with quick coupling female, and the standpipe is public by the quick coupling Head and the quick coupling female infiltrate ring and are detachably connected with described;
Magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are located at described In standpipe;
Signal picker, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are electrically connected with the signal picker respectively It connects;
Timer, the timer are electrically connected with the signal picker;
Single-chip microcontroller, the signal picker and the monolithic mechatronics.
Preferred: described infiltrate between ring and the quick coupling male connector is fixedly connected with ball valve.
Preferred: the standpipe lower end is provided with two water level inductive heads, two water level inductive heads and the meter When device and switch series connection form series circuit.
Preferred: the water level inductive head is wire.
Preferred: the single-chip microcontroller is connected with wireless signal transmitting module.
Preferred: the wireless signal transmitting module includes GPRS module.
Preferred: the single-chip microcontroller is connected with solar powered component.
Preferred: described to infiltrate ring internal diameter identical as the water storage bore.
Preferred: the standpipe upper end is open, and the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are by the water storage The insertion standpipe at pipe is open, and be connected with the water storage tube wall.
Preferred: the water storage tube wall is provided with the scale value of graduation mark and the relatively described graduation mark setting.
According to specific embodiment provided by the utility model, the utility model discloses following technical effects:
By the utility model, a kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device may be implemented, Under a kind of implementation, the apparatus may include ring is infiltrated, the ring lower end of infiltrating is with serrated cutting edge structure, upper end connection There is quick coupling male connector;Standpipe, the standpipe lower part are connected with quick coupling female, and the standpipe passes through described quick Connector male connector and the quick coupling female infiltrate ring and are detachably connected with described;Magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensing Device, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are located in the standpipe;Signal picker, the magnetostrictive water Position meter and temperature sensor are electrically connected with the signal picker respectively;Timer, the timer and the signal acquisition Device electrical connection;Single-chip microcontroller, the signal picker and the monolithic mechatronics.Device provided by the present application, by wait supervise It surveys regional soil and is uniformly distributed infiltration instrument, infiltration capacity is transferred to single-chip microcontroller by signal picker by flexible water-level gauge, then lead to It crosses GPRS module and sends the data to remote terminal;Establish multiple spot soil infiltration monitoring, can comprehensive analysis regional soil infiltrate Situation;Single-chip microcontroller can directly calculate infiltration capacity and infiltration rate, save labour turnover;External solar powered plate, without outer Connect power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Certainly, any product for implementing the utility model does not necessarily require achieving all the advantages described above at the same time.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device of one kind provided by the embodiment of the utility model Structural schematic diagram.
In figure: infiltrating ring 1, quick coupling male connector 2, standpipe 3, quick coupling female 4, magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature Spend sensor 5, signal picker 6, timer 7, single-chip microcontroller 8, ball valve 9, water level inductive head 10, switch 11, solar powered group Part 12.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art's every other embodiment obtained, all belongs to In the range of the utility model protection.
Embodiment
It is that the remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration of one kind provided by the embodiment of the utility model is surveyed referring to Fig. 1 Determine device, as shown in Figure 1, the device includes infiltrating ring 1,1 lower end of ring of infiltrating is with serrated cutting edge structure, upper end connection There is quick coupling male connector 2;
Standpipe 3,4 lower part of standpipe are connected with quick coupling female 4, and the standpipe 3 passes through the fast quick access Head male connector 2 and the quick coupling female 4 infiltrate ring 1 and are detachably connected with described;Further, described to infiltrate ring 1 and institute It states and is fixedly connected with ball valve 9 between quick coupling male connector 2.
Magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor 5, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor 5 are located at institute It states in standpipe 3;
Signal picker 6, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor 5 are electric with the signal picker 6 respectively Connection;
Timer 7, the timer 7 are electrically connected with the signal picker 6;
Single-chip microcontroller 8, the signal picker 6 are electrically connected with the single-chip microcontroller 8.
Further, 3 lower end of standpipe is provided with two water level inductive heads 10, two water level inductive heads 10 with The timer 7 and the series connection of switch 11 form series circuit.The water level inductive head 10 is wire.In order to facilitate signal biography Defeated, the single-chip microcontroller 8 is connected with wireless signal transmitting module.The wireless signal transmitting module includes GPRS module.For side Just it powers in field, the single-chip microcontroller 8 is connected with solar powered component 12.
It is further, described that infiltrate ring internal diameter identical as the water storage bore.The standpipe upper end is open, the magnetic Power stretches water-level gauge and temperature sensor by the open insertion standpipe of the standpipe, and with the water storage tube wall It is connected.The water storage tube wall is provided with the scale value of graduation mark and the relatively described graduation mark setting.
The device when in use, infiltrates four angles and central area that ring can be distributed in monitoring section soil;Pass through fast attaching Head is fixed with standpipe, and standpipe is equipped with timer and temp probe;Each timer connects letter by cable with temp probe Number collector, signal picker are connected with single-chip microcontroller, are integrated with GPRS module on single-chip microcontroller.Ring is infiltrated far from the company of soil one end Portion is equipped with ball valve, and described to infiltrate one section of ring and be connected with standpipe by ready-packaged joint, standpipe top is inserted with two waters surface and incudes Head, two water surface inductive heads pass through conducting wire electric wire respectively and are connected with timer and switch.It is described infiltrate ring, ball valve, ready-packaged joint, Water pipe is all made of the DN100 interface of standard, and described to infiltrate ring internal diameter identical as water storage bore.The water surface inductive head with Water pipe joint is sealed by sealant.Single-chip microcontroller is connected with solar powered plate.
Infiltrate ring, it is described to infiltrate ring and be connected with standpipe far from one end of soil, standpipe by joint be connected with into Ring is seeped, the top side of standpipe is plugged with two water surface inductive heads, and the water surface inductive head is connected with timer by electric wire And switch, timer are connected with switch electric wire.Timer is connected to signal picker by cable, and signal picker is connected with list Piece machine is integrated with GPRS module on single-chip microcontroller.Single-chip microcontroller is connected with solar powered plate.
The device includes one group of infiltration instrument, and infiltration instrument provided by the present application may include 5;5 infiltration instruments be distributed in The quadrangle and center of detection zone soil;For each infiltration instrument by the fixed Markov bottle of partition, Markov bottle is interior to be equipped with flexible water Position meter;Flexible water-level gauge passes through cable and is connected to signal picker;Signal picker connects single-chip microcontroller;It is integrated on single-chip microcontroller GPRS module and solar powered version;Partition composite PVC plastic sheet prevents the influence of rainfall, evaporation to water level.
Cutting edge and zigzag are worn by the way that ring lower end will be infiltrated, soil is easily inserted, the level of disruption of soil is down to most It is low, so that measurement result is utmostly reflected the true value of soil infiltration rate, infiltrate ring upper end be sequentially connected from the bottom up ball valve, Ready-packaged joint male connector, ready-packaged joint female, water pipe, all components are all made of the DN100 interface of standard, infiltrate ring internal diameter and storage Water pipe internal diameter is identical.The effect of ball valve is to control beginning, interruption and the end of formulation process, and ready-packaged joint can make water pipe portion Point with infiltrate loop section and be rapidly assembled and disassembled.
The device is equipped with timer, and energy synchronous recording infiltrates the time.Water pipe lower end is installed separately two one metal wires, as Water surface inductive head.It collectively forms a series circuit with timer, switch.When the water surface does not have flow surface inductive head and closes the switch When, due to the enough conductions of water energy, entire circuit communication, timer starts timing, when the water surface drops to water surface inductive head once, circuit It disconnects, timer stops timing.
Single-chip microcontroller has GPRS communication function, can receive remote station signal by wireless network, can also pass through network The data being calculated are connect with other detections, display platform, to realize infiltration capacity, infiltration rate, stable infiltration rate etc. Long range acquisition, real time monitoring and the networking processing of a series of infiltration parameters.
When mangneto water level ductilimeter break down when, using Markov bottle scale carry out manual record data, guarantee into Seep the lasting monitoring of parameter.It, can also be by the data of manual record and self registering number when mangneto water level ductilimeter works normally It is proofreaded according to comparing.
Device provided by the present application will be entered by being uniformly distributed infiltration instrument in regional soil to be monitored by flexible water-level gauge Milliosmolarity is transferred to single-chip microcontroller by signal picker, then sends the data to remote terminal by GPRS module;Establish multiple spot soil Earth infiltrates monitoring, can comprehensive analysis regional soil infiltrate situation;Single-chip microcontroller can directly calculate infiltration capacity and infiltration rate, section Less manpower cost;External solar powered plate is not necessarily to external power supply, energy conservation and environmental protection.
It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that There is also other identical elements in process, method, article or equipment including the element.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the protection model of the utility model It encloses.Any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention, are all contained in this reality With in novel protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device characterized by comprising
Ring is infiltrated, with serrated cutting edge structure, upper end is connected with quick coupling male connector for the ring lower end of infiltrating;
Standpipe, the standpipe lower part are connected with quick coupling female, the standpipe by the quick coupling male connector with And the quick coupling female infiltrates ring and is detachably connected with described;
Magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are located at the water storage In pipe;
Signal picker, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are electrically connected with the signal picker respectively;
Timer, the timer are electrically connected with the signal picker;
Single-chip microcontroller, the signal picker and the monolithic mechatronics.
2. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute It states to infiltrate between ring and the quick coupling male connector and is fixedly connected with ball valve.
3. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute It states standpipe lower end and is provided with two water level inductive heads, two water level inductive heads are connected shape with the timer and switch At series circuit.
4. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that institute Stating water level inductive head is wire.
5. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute It states single-chip microcontroller and is connected with wireless signal transmitting module.
6. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that institute Stating wireless signal transmitting module includes GPRS module.
7. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute It states single-chip microcontroller and is connected with solar powered component.
8. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute State that infiltrate ring internal diameter identical as the water storage bore.
9. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute It is open to state standpipe upper end, the magnetostrictive water-level gauge and temperature sensor are by the open insertion storage of the standpipe Water pipe, and be connected with the water storage tube wall.
10. remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device according to claim 9, which is characterized in that The water storage tube wall is provided with the scale value of graduation mark and the relatively described graduation mark setting.
CN201820812863.2U 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device Expired - Fee Related CN208283231U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820812863.2U CN208283231U (en) 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820812863.2U CN208283231U (en) 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of remote controlled countryside portable soil infiltration measurement device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110702572A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-01-17 张雪玲 Automatic water replenishing and measuring device for soil infiltration

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110702572A (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-01-17 张雪玲 Automatic water replenishing and measuring device for soil infiltration

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181225

Termination date: 20190529

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee