A kind of oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves
The utility model relates to agricultural equipment field, specifically a kind of oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves.
Cereal not merely refers to that the seed of gramineae plant more definitely can be broadly divided into three classes in China: Cereal: packet
Include rice class, wheat, corn, sorghum, grain, broomcorn millet, glutinous millet, buckwheat etc.；Beans bean class: including soybean, semen viciae fabae, pea, mung bean, red small
Beans, kidney bean etc.；Potato: it is also referred to as sweet potato or sweet potato, potato, Chinese yam, taro, cassava etc. including sweet potato, cereal is past before storage
It is dry toward needing to carry out cereal roars of laughter, so that cereal is kept drying, prevents cereal moldy metamorphism, grain drying machine is a kind of dryer
Assembly.It is the general designation of the various equipment of foodstuff drying device.Can also become is foodstuff drying device, such as corn drying machinery, and paddy dries
Dry machine, rice dryer, schlempe dryer etc., can be referred to as grain drying machine, by cereal and air-flow direction of relative movement,
Dryer can be divided into crossing current, mixed flow, fair current, adverse current and concurrent-countercurrent, mixed adverse current, along the patterns such as mixed flow, existing grain drying machine
Uneven heating is even, and drying efficiency is lower, and drying rate is slow, it is difficult to meet the growing agricultural production demand of people.
Utility model content
It is above-mentioned to solve the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves
The problem of being proposed in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves, including shell, feed inlet, motor, air-heater, air inlet
And discharge gate, the lower surface of the shell are fixedly connected with motor, the axle stretch end of motor is fixedly connected with half bevel gear, half cone tooth
The right side of wheel is equipped with shaft, and the bottom that shaft passes through shell is protruded into shell, and shaft and shell are rotatablely connected, the lower end cap of shaft
Equipped with lower bevel gear, upper bevel gear, lower bevel gear, upper bevel gear are located above and below half bevel gear, half bevel gear
It is engaged respectively with lower bevel gear, upper bevel gear interval, the top of shaft is fixedly connected with worm screw, and the right side of worm screw is equipped with driven
Axis, the both ends of driven shaft are rotatablely connected with the inner wall of shell respectively, are arranged with worm gear on driven shaft, and worm gear is engaged with worm screw, from
Also it is arranged with cam on moving axis, the top of cam is equipped with sieve plate, and the inner wall of sieve plate and shell is slidably connected, the top of cam and sieve
Plate abuts, and the top of worm screw is fixedly connected with crankshaft, and crankshaft passes through the top that sieve plate extends to sieve plate, and crankshaft and sieve plate sliding connect
It connects, crankshaft is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side spreading plate, and the inner wall of spreading plate and shell is slidably connected, and is arranged at the axle journal of crankshaft
The free end of connecting rod, connecting rod is hinged with spreading plate respectively, and the bottom of shell offers air inlet, and the right side wall of shell is equipped with heat
The air outlet of blower, air-heater is connected to by hose with air inlet.
As a further solution of the present invention: being equipped with feed inlet at the top of the shell, feed inlet and shell connect
It is logical.
Scraper plate is fixedly connected in the shaft as a further solution of the present invention,.
There are two the connecting rod is total to as a further solution of the present invention,.
Discharge gate is installed below the left side wall of the shell as a further solution of the present invention,.
The lateral wall of the shell is fixedly connected with bracket as a further solution of the present invention,.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that cereal to be dried is put into feed inlet, heat is utilized
Blower conveys hot-air to shell, dries to cereal, and during drying to cereal, sieve plate is vibrated up and down, and has
Help cereal across sieve plate, prevents sieve plate from being blocked by cereal, meanwhile, it drives spreading plate to move left and right, makes cereal using spreading plate
It is laid on sieve plate, comes into full contact with cereal with hot-air, be uniformly heated, improve drying effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves；
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of half bevel gear in the oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves；
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of cam in the oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves.
In figure: 1- shell；2- feed inlet；3- motor；Half bevel gear of 4-；5- shaft；Bevel gear under 6-；The upper bevel gear of 7-；
8- scraper plate；9- worm screw；10- driven shaft；11- worm gear；12- cam；13- crankshaft；14- spreading plate；15- sieve plate；16- bracket；17-
Connecting rod；18- air-heater；19- air inlet；20- discharge gate.
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work
Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Please refer to Fig. 1~3, in the utility model embodiment, a kind of oscillatory type grain drying machine with the function that paves, packet
Shell 1, feed inlet 2, motor 3, air-heater 18, air inlet 19 and discharge gate 20 are included, the top of shell 1 is equipped with feed inlet 2, into
Material mouth 2 is connected to shell 1, and cereal to be dried is entered in shell 1 by feed inlet 2, and the lower surface of shell 1 is fixedly connected with electricity
Machine 3, the axle stretch end of motor 3 are fixedly connected with half bevel gear 4, and the right side of half bevel gear 4 is equipped with shaft 5, and shaft 5 passes through shell 1
Bottom protrude into shell 1, shaft 5 and shell 1 are rotatablely connected, and the lower end of shaft 5 is arranged with lower bevel gear 6, upper bevel gear 7,
Lower bevel gear 6, upper bevel gear 7 are located above and below half bevel gear 4, half bevel gear 4 respectively with lower bevel gear 6, on
Bevel gear 7 intermittently engages, and motor 3 drives half bevel gear 4 to rotate when running, when half bevel gear 4 engages with lower bevel gear 6, band
Turn axis 5 rotates, and when half bevel gear 4 separates with lower bevel gear 6, when engaging with upper bevel gear 7, shaft 5 is driven to invert, so anti-
It is multiple, 5 positive and negative rotation of shaft is driven, is fixedly connected with scraper plate 8 in shaft 5, the top of shaft 5 is fixedly connected with worm screw 9, worm screw 9
Right side is equipped with driven shaft 10, and the both ends of driven shaft 10 are rotatablely connected with the inner wall of shell 1 respectively, is arranged with worm gear on driven shaft 10
11, worm gear 11 is engaged with worm screw 9, is also arranged with cam 12 on driven shaft 10, and the top of cam 12 is equipped with sieve plate 15, sieve plate 15 with
The inner wall of shell 1 is slidably connected, and sieve plate 15 can slide up and down, and the top of cam 12 is abutted with sieve plate 15, band when shaft 5 rotates
Dynamic worm screw 9 rotates, and then drives driven shaft 10 to rotate by worm gear 11, thus rotated with moving cam 12, it is final to drive sieve plate 15
It vibrates up and down, facilitates cereal across sieve plate 15, prevent sieve plate 15 from being blocked by cereal, the top of worm screw 9 is fixedly connected with crankshaft
13, crankshaft 13 passes through the top that sieve plate 15 extends to sieve plate 15, and crankshaft 13 is slidably connected with sieve plate 15, the left and right sides of crankshaft 13
It is respectively equipped with spreading plate 14, spreading plate 14 and the inner wall of shell 1 are slidably connected, and spreading plate 14 can horizontally slip, crankshaft 13
Be arranged with connecting rod 17 at axle journal, connecting rod 17 altogether there are two, the free end of connecting rod 17 is hinged with spreading plate 14 respectively, shell 1 it is outer
Side wall is fixedly connected with bracket 16, and the bottom of shell 1 offers air inlet 19, and the right side wall of shell 1 is equipped with air-heater 18, heat
The air outlet of blower 18 is connected to by hose with air inlet 19, hot-air is conveyed to the bottom of shell 1 using air-heater 18, to paddy
Object is dried, and is equipped with discharge gate 20 below the left side wall of shell 1, and the cereal after drying is discharged by discharge gate 20.
The working principle of the utility model is: cereal to be dried is put into feed inlet 2, start air-heater 18, to shell 1
Bottom convey hot-air, cereal is dried, motor 3 is started, the rotation of half bevel gear 4 is driven, when half bevel gear 4 and lower cone
When gear 6 engages, shaft 5 is driven to rotate, when half bevel gear 4 separates with lower bevel gear 6, when being engaged with upper bevel gear 7, band turn
Axis 5 inverts, and repeatedly, drives 5 positive and negative rotation of shaft, so that worm screw 9 be driven to rotate, and then drives driven shaft 10 by worm gear 11
Rotation, thus rotated with moving cam 12, it is final that sieve plate 15 is driven to vibrate up and down, facilitate cereal across sieve plate 15, prevents sieve plate
15 are blocked by cereal, and band dynamic crankshaft 13 rotates when worm screw 9 rotates, and then drives spreading plate 14 to move left and right by connecting rod 17, benefit
Cereal is laid on sieve plate 15 with spreading plate 14, comes into full contact with cereal with hot-air, improves drying effect.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and
And without departing substantially from the spirit or essential attributes of the utility model, it can realize that this is practical new in other specific forms
Type.Therefore, in all respects, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, this is practical new
The range of type is indicated by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description, it is intended that containing for the equivalent requirements of the claims will be fallen in
All changes in justice and range are embraced therein.It should not treat any reference in the claims as limiting
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped
Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should
It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art
The other embodiments being understood that.