CN208223470U - A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device - Google Patents

A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN208223470U
CN208223470U CN201820911841.1U CN201820911841U CN208223470U CN 208223470 U CN208223470 U CN 208223470U CN 201820911841 U CN201820911841 U CN 201820911841U CN 208223470 U CN208223470 U CN 208223470U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
embankment
rangefinder
height measuring
mirror
filled soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201820911841.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建涛
叶霄
李国维
蒋超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hohai University HHU
Original Assignee
Hohai University HHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hohai University HHU filed Critical Hohai University HHU
Priority to CN201820911841.1U priority Critical patent/CN208223470U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208223470U publication Critical patent/CN208223470U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of embankment filled soil height measuring devices, foundation pile including being fixedly mounted on embankment slope foot, reference mirror is laid on foundation pile, cross alignment line is set on the mirror surface of reference mirror, lay rangefinder in the roadbed filling area of embankment, rangefinder is erected on tripod, and rangefinder above-mentioned includes the scale reference line for subsidiary;Base plane above-mentioned is equal with the canonical measure of tripod height to the height between cross alignment line center;Utility model device structure is simple, and measurement method is easy, and single measurement may be implemented, the rapid survey being suitble under engineering site adverse circumstances.

Description

A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of embankment filled soil height measuring devices, monitor for highway or railway ground, belong to work Journey measuring instrument technical applications.
Background technique
During highway/railroading, usually to carry out necessary sedimentation, lateral displacement, pore water pressure and The real-time monitorings such as the depth of fill.Ground top banket load and the sedimentation of foundation soil it is closely related, therefore the measurement of the depth of fill It is the important content that settlement observation is included, and constructs more of concern with researcher.
Currently, depth of fill measurement is usually that worker is substantially estimated with tape measure in highway/railway bed construction, Or it is measured using level.However, ignoring human error when banketing lower (within 2m), artificial tape measure range estimation is fine;But When banketing is more than that the person is high, artificial tape measure error is too big.On the other hand, measurement of the level measurement side when banketing lower Just, but excessively high banketing, bridges and culverts is numerous especially in highway and free height, causes the depth of fill near bridges and culverts usual More than 5m, the measurement of the level, which faces, repeatedly turns station problem, and especially on side slope face or the accumulation of slope foot rubble turns station operating difficulties, work Make low efficiency, and there are security risks.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device, quickly and efficiently realizes in highway/railway On the one hand depth of fill real-time monitoring in subgrade construction can effectively instruct live fill construction, on the other hand meet item The needs of mesh settlement monitoring and researcher.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows:
A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device, the foundation pile including being fixedly mounted on embankment slope foot lay benchmark on foundation pile Cross alignment line is arranged in mirror on the mirror surface of reference mirror, and the roadbed filling area of embankment lays rangefinder, and rangefinder is erected at three feet On frame, rangefinder above-mentioned includes the scale reference line for subsidiary;
Base plane above-mentioned is equal with the canonical measure of tripod height to the height between cross alignment line center;
As present invention further optimization,
Rangefinder above-mentioned is geodimeter, including pedestal, located level support plate, pedestal and horizontal support plate above pedestal Between lay three leveling knobs, the top of horizontal support plate is by the closed end of connector connection U-shaped supporting plate, in U-shaped supporting plate The upright arm vertical runs of open end installation shaft, lens barrel and U-shaped supporting plate and around the shaft rotatable movement, one end setting of lens barrel Object lens, the other end are sequentially connected with focus button and eyepiece;It is equipped with round boss in the side of U-shaped supporting plate open end, with U-shaped Supporting plate is integrally formed, and scale reference line is arranged on round boss, and the upright arm vertical runs with U-shaped supporting plate;
Tripod above-mentioned includes operating platform, supporting leg and stop collar, and operating platform is fixed at the top of supporting leg, is covered on supporting leg If the stop collar for limit;
As present invention further optimization, U-shaped supporting plate above-mentioned installs display screen, its underpart close to the part of closed end Installation data processing module and memory module in cavity;
As present invention further optimization, round boss thickness above-mentioned is less than or equal to 5mm, the quarter being disposed thereon Spending reference line precision is 1 °;
As present invention further optimization, retaining groove is opened up on supporting leg, it is interior to be used for fixed stop collar;
As present invention further optimization, foundation pile is fixedly mounted at the position embankment slope foot 1m;
As present invention further optimization, rectangle protective shell is set outside reference mirror, towards the one of roadbed side slope Side uses transparent PVC board;
As present invention further optimization, hole, the base end face center of rangefinder are opened up in operating platform center Base pins are fixed in position, and base pins insert in the hole, rangefinder is fixed on tripod.
By above technical scheme, compared with the existing technology, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
The measuring device of the utility model is simple, easy to operate, the rapid survey being suitble under engineering site adverse circumstances;
The utility model compares conventional level measurement method, and fixed slope foot datum mark may be implemented single measurement, solve The problem of slope foot operation difficulty, eliminates safe hidden trouble.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the schematic illustration of the preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the partial schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the utility model.
In figure: 1 is foundation pile, and 2 be benchmark mirror, and 3 be rangefinder, and 4 be tripod, and 5 be embankment, and 21 be cross alignment line, 31 It is horizontal support plate for pedestal, 32,33 be U-shaped supporting plate, and 34 be connector, and 35 be shaft, and 36 be lens barrel, and 37 be to level knob, 311 It is object lens for base pins, 361,362 be eyepiece, and 363 be focus knob, and 364 be scale reference line, and 41 be operating platform, and 42 are Supporting leg, 43 be stop collar, and 411 be hole, and 421 be retaining groove, and 331 be display screen, and 332 be lower cavity, and 333 be round convex Platform, 364 be scale reference line.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail presently in connection with attached drawing.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, Only illustrate the basic structure of the utility model in a schematic way, therefore it only shows composition related with the utility model.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, the utility model includes following characteristics component: 1 is foundation pile, and 2 be benchmark mirror, and 3 be rangefinder, 4 be tripod, and 5 be embankment, and 21 be cross alignment line, and 31 be pedestal, and 32 be horizontal support plate, and 33 be U-shaped supporting plate, and 34 be connection Part, 35 be shaft, and 36 be lens barrel, and 37 be leveling knob, and 311 be base pins, and 361 be object lens, and 362 be eyepiece, and 363 revolve to focus Button, 364 be scale reference line, and 41 be operating platform, and 42 be supporting leg, and 43 be stop collar, and 411 be hole, and 421 be retaining groove, 331 It is lower cavity for display screen, 332,333 be round boss, and 364 be scale reference line.
A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device of the utility model, the foundation pile including being fixedly mounted on embankment slope foot, base Reference mirror is laid in stake, cross alignment line is set on the mirror surface of reference mirror, the roadbed filling area of embankment lays rangefinder, ranging Instrument is erected on tripod, and rangefinder above-mentioned includes the scale reference line for subsidiary;
Base plane above-mentioned is equal with the canonical measure of tripod height to the height between cross alignment line center;
Shown in Fig. 2-Fig. 3, as present invention further optimization,
Rangefinder above-mentioned is geodimeter, including pedestal, located level support plate, pedestal and horizontal support plate above pedestal Between lay three leveling knobs, the top of horizontal support plate is by the closed end of connector connection U-shaped supporting plate, in U-shaped supporting plate The upright arm vertical runs of open end installation shaft, lens barrel and U-shaped supporting plate and around the shaft rotatable movement, one end setting of lens barrel Object lens, the other end are sequentially connected with focus button and eyepiece;It is equipped with round boss in the side of U-shaped supporting plate open end, with U-shaped Supporting plate is integrally formed, and scale reference line is arranged on round boss, and the upright arm vertical runs with U-shaped supporting plate;
Shown in Fig. 4, tripod above-mentioned includes operating platform, supporting leg and stop collar, and operating platform is fixed at the top of supporting leg, The stop collar for limit is arranged on supporting leg;
When lens barrel level, scale reference line is overlapped with the zero graduation line on round boss Ji Wei 0 °;It bankets and is surveyed after increasing Zero graduation wire clamp angle when amount on scale reference line and round boss is αi
As present invention further optimization, U-shaped supporting plate above-mentioned installs display screen, its underpart close to the part of closed end Installation data processing module and memory module in cavity;
As present invention further optimization, round boss thickness above-mentioned is less than or equal to 5mm, the quarter being disposed thereon Spend reference line precision be 1 °, measurement error allow in the range of to 1 ° within estimate reading;
As present invention further optimization, retaining groove is opened up on supporting leg, it is interior to be used for fixed stop collar;
As present invention further optimization, foundation pile is fixedly mounted at the position embankment slope foot 1m;
As present invention further optimization, rectangle protective shell is set outside reference mirror, towards the one of roadbed side slope Side uses transparent PVC board, and observation is facilitated to calibrate;
As present invention further optimization, hole, the base end face center of rangefinder are opened up in operating platform center Base pins are fixed in position, and base pins insert in the hole, rangefinder is fixed on tripod.
Shown in Fig. 1, working principle: reference mirror is fixedly mounted on other than side slope of embankment 1m, when measuring the depth of fill, is being surveyed Rangefinder is erected on tripod in the roadbed filling area of section;It is gradually increased as construction carries out the depth of fill, adjusts mirror Cylinder, can be obtained the angle index line on the scale reference line of lens barrel side and the round boss of U-shaped supporting plate upper side at Angle αi;Focus knob is adjusted, s is readi, base plane to the height between cross alignment line center is set as a, tripod Canonical measure height be set as b, due to a=b, pass through sine:
Accumulative depth of fill h can be obtainedi
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein (including technology art Language and scientific term) there is meaning identical with the general understanding of those of ordinary skill in the application fields.Should also Understand, those terms such as defined in the general dictionary, which should be understood that, to be had and the meaning in the context of the prior art The consistent meaning of justice, and unless defined as here, it will not be explained in an idealized or overly formal meaning.
The meaning of "and/or" described herein refers to that the case where respective individualism or both exists simultaneously wraps Including including.
The meaning of " connection " described herein can be between component be directly connected to be also possible to pass through between component Other components are indirectly connected with.
It is enlightenment, through the above description, related work people with the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the utility model Member can carry out various changes and amendments in the range of without departing from this item utility model technical idea completely.This item is real It is not limited to the contents of the specification with novel technical scope, it is necessary to its technology is determined according to scope of the claims Property range.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device, it is characterised in that: the foundation pile including being fixedly mounted on embankment slope foot, on foundation pile Reference mirror is laid, cross alignment line is set on the mirror surface of reference mirror, the roadbed filling area of embankment lays rangefinder, rangefinder frame It is located on tripod, rangefinder above-mentioned includes the scale reference line for subsidiary;
Base plane above-mentioned is equal with the canonical measure of tripod height to the height between cross alignment line center.
2. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Rangefinder above-mentioned is geodimeter, including pedestal, located level support plate above pedestal, between pedestal and horizontal support plate Three leveling knobs are laid, the top of horizontal support plate connects the closed end of U-shaped supporting plate by connector, in the opening of U-shaped supporting plate The upright arm vertical runs of end installation shaft, lens barrel and U-shaped supporting plate and around the shaft rotatable movement, one end arranging thing of lens barrel Mirror, the other end are sequentially connected with focus button and eyepiece;It is equipped with round boss in the side of U-shaped supporting plate open end, with U-shaped branch Plate is integrally formed, and scale reference line is arranged on round boss, and the upright arm vertical runs with U-shaped supporting plate;
Tripod above-mentioned includes operating platform, supporting leg and stop collar, and operating platform is fixed at the top of supporting leg, is arranged use on supporting leg In the stop collar of limit.
3. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: U-shaped supporting plate above-mentioned is close to envelope The part of closed end is installed by display screen, installation data processing module and memory module in the cavity of its underpart.
4. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: round boss thickness above-mentioned is small In or equal to 5mm, the scale reference line precision being disposed thereon is 1 °.
5. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: it is recessed to open up detent on supporting leg Slot, it is interior to be used for fixed stop collar.
6. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: foundation pile is fixedly mounted on embankment slope At the position foot 1m.
7. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: rectangle is arranged outside reference mirror Protective shell uses transparent PVC board towards the side of roadbed side slope.
8. embankment filled soil height measuring device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: opened in operating platform center Apertured, the fixed base pins in the base end face center of rangefinder, base pins insert in the hole, and rangefinder is fixed on tripod On.
CN201820911841.1U 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device Active CN208223470U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820911841.1U CN208223470U (en) 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820911841.1U CN208223470U (en) 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208223470U true CN208223470U (en) 2018-12-11

Family

ID=64505327

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820911841.1U Active CN208223470U (en) 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208223470U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Bannister Surveying
KR101073942B1 (en) Staff for leveling
US8201340B2 (en) Measuring staff
CN104390632A (en) Total station collimation line method horizontal displacement observation platform and application method thereof
CN102433827A (en) Pavement construction lofting method for high-speed loop in skid pad
CN108592744A (en) Afforestation survey tool
CN208223470U (en) A kind of embankment filled soil height measuring device
CN204040007U (en) Base-line method measures the aid of top, foundation ditch slope horizontal distortion
CN206709729U (en) Survey and draw mark post bearing
CN107402035A (en) Damping type support meanss for measuring instrument outdoor study
Artese et al. Geomatics activities for monitoring the large landslide of Maierato, Italy
CN209706913U (en) Adjustable groundwater level monitoring device
CN207936954U (en) A kind of target measurement of higher degree device
CN108469250A (en) Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly
CN204718599U (en) A kind of total powerstation
CN209043212U (en) A kind of goniometer
CN208254461U (en) Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level certainly
KR101487464B1 (en) Survey Control Point Cradle
CN110186424A (en) A kind of round-the-clock measurement of higher degree device and method of subgrade and pavement
CN209703579U (en) A kind of Multifucntional laser repairs slope instrument
CN203323740U (en) Building settlement nondestructive measurement leveling rod bracket
CN209230529U (en) A kind of observation device for horizontal position shift measurement under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY
CN213021555U (en) Portable gradiometer for land surveying and mapping
CN211477124U (en) Supplementary mapping device of mapping engineering
CN212008941U (en) Building engineering measuring device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant