CN208185416U - Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle - Google Patents

Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN208185416U
CN208185416U CN201820254908.9U CN201820254908U CN208185416U CN 208185416 U CN208185416 U CN 208185416U CN 201820254908 U CN201820254908 U CN 201820254908U CN 208185416 U CN208185416 U CN 208185416U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil guide
mounting hole
speed changer
hole
cabinet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201820254908.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈广全
景双红
刘春磊
李华杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BYD Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BYD Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BYD Co Ltd filed Critical BYD Co Ltd
Priority to CN201820254908.9U priority Critical patent/CN208185416U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208185416U publication Critical patent/CN208185416U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of speed changers, power assembly and vehicle, the cabinet of the speed changer has multiple spaced apart mounting holes, for passing through transmission shaft, the transmission shaft includes the main shaft for being configured to input terminal and the semiaxis for being configured to output end, the mounting hole includes the first mounting hole for passing through the main shaft and the second mounting hole for passing through the semiaxis, wherein, extend section in the top of the box, the cabinet is suitable for being installed by second mounting hole not higher than first mounting hole and in a manner of the section and horizontal plane are at set angle.According to the speed changer of the utility model embodiment, it with good self-lubricating effect, is adapted to mount in a plurality of vehicles, and can according to need the setting angle of adjustment speed changer in the space layout of whole vehicle, it avoids interfering with other parts, the scope of application is wider.

Description

Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of vehicle, more particularly, to a kind of speed changer, power assembly and vehicle.
Background technique
Power assembly of electric automobile in the related technology, in order to guarantee that tooth shaft can have good lubricant effect in gearbox, When being mounted on vehicle, need with horizontal plane into fixed angle, i.e. the Installation posture of the power assembly cannot change as needed. If the power assembly is mounted in other vehicles, it is the lubricant effect of each bearing in guard box body, need to be installed by special angle, But it other components (such as water pipe or harness) may be interfered with vehicle, lead to not install;If tune need to be avoided interference with Whole angle is installed, and each bearing just cannot get good lubricant effect in cabinet.Accordingly, there exist improved demands.
Utility model content
The utility model aims to solve at least one of the technical problems existing in the prior art.For this purpose, the utility model mentions The self-lubricating property of a kind of speed changer out, the speed changer is good, and multi-angle installation may be implemented.
The utility model also proposes a kind of power assembly with above-mentioned speed changer.
The utility model also proposes a kind of vehicle.
According to the speed changer of the utility model first aspect embodiment, the cabinet of the speed changer has multiple arranged for interval Mounting hole, for passing through transmission shaft, the transmission shaft includes the main shaft for being configured to input terminal and be configured to output end half Axis, the mounting hole include the first mounting hole for passing through the main shaft and the second mounting hole for passing through the semiaxis, wherein Section is extended in the top of the box, and the cabinet is suitable for second mounting hole not higher than first mounting hole and described Section and horizontal plane are installed at the mode of set angle.
It according to the speed changer of the utility model embodiment, is either horizontally mounted, is still inclined relative to horizontal installation, Oil liquid can penetrate into mounting hole when work, to carry out good lubrication to the component in cabinet or on cabinet, and then guarantee The greasy property of speed changer.Therefore, the speed changer of the application has good self-lubricating effect, is adapted to mount to a plurality of vehicles On, it and can according to need in the space layout of whole vehicle the setting angle of adjustment speed changer, avoid and other parts It interferes, while not influencing the lubricant effect to bearing, the scope of application is wider.
Optionally, the section is pacified in the form of second mounting hole is not higher than first mounting hole in the cabinet Angular range when dress between the horizontal plane is 0 ° -20 °.
One embodiment according to the present utility model, each mounting hole have the oil guide groove that communicates therewith, and adjacent two Oil Guide portion is connected between oil guide groove through hole between a mounting hole.
According to the utility model further embodiment, in the cabinet there are multiple oil guide grooves and multiple hole locations to lead Oily portion, each mounting hole are connected by least one of multiple described oil guide grooves with the cabinets cavity, the hole location Oil Guide portion is suitable for that oil being oriented in the corresponding oil guide groove along the set angle of the cabinet.
Optionally, multiple oil guide grooves and multiple hole location Oil Guide portions, which correspond, arranges.
Optionally, the oil guide groove and hole location Oil Guide portion are arranged in the mounting hole center of corresponding position Top.
Optionally, each hole location Oil Guide portion is formed as protruding from the convex ribs in the cabinet wall face, and the convex ribs One end towards corresponding position the oil guide groove extend, hole location Oil Guide portion's other end the cabinet wall extend a fixed length Degree.
Optionally, the shape of the convex ribs is the combination of one or both of linear, curved shape.
Optionally, multiple oil guide grooves are respectively provided in the circumferential direction of the corresponding mounting hole, and are located at the speed change Multiple convex ribs of cabinet the same side of device and the corresponding oil guide groove by being arranged in pair clockwise or counterclockwise In the circumferential direction for answering the mounting hole.
Another embodiment according to the present utility model, multiple hole location Oil Guide portions be respectively the first hole location Oil Guide portion and Second hole location Oil Guide portion, first mounting hole have the first oil guide groove, and the first hole location Oil Guide portion is led adjacent to described first Oil groove setting is to be oriented to first oil guide groove along the first hole location Oil Guide portion for oil;Second mounting hole has second Oil guide groove, the second hole location Oil Guide portion are arranged adjacent to second oil guide groove to lead oil along the second hole location Oil Guide portion To second oil guide groove.
Optionally, the first hole location Oil Guide portion forms the convex ribs that at least part extends towards second mounting hole, The second hole location Oil Guide portion forms the vertical muscle extended along linear direction.
Another embodiment according to the present utility model, the mounting hole further include the third installation worn suitable for countershaft Hole, the third mounting hole between first mounting hole and second mounting hole, the countershaft respectively with the master Axis and semiaxis transmission connection, the third mounting hole have third oil guide groove, and multiple hole location Oil Guide portions further include the Three hole location Oil Guide portions, the third hole location Oil Guide portion are arranged adjacent to the third oil guide groove to lead oil along the third hole location Oily portion is oriented to the third oil guide groove.
Optionally, the third oil guide groove and the third hole location Oil Guide portion respectively include two, and the third hole location is led Oily portion forms the tilted ribs extended along the vertical muscle extended linearly, towards first mounting hole or second mounting hole, arc One of shape muscle or multiple combinations.
Optionally, the not contour arrangement at least part mounting hole center in multiple mounting holes.
According to the power assembly of the utility model second aspect embodiment, comprising: speed changer described in above-described embodiment;Electricity Machine is connect with the variator, and the motor has motor case body, the cabinet collection of the motor case body and the speed changer As a total cabinet;Controller, the controller are electrically connected with the motor and are installed on total cabinet.
According to the vehicle of the utility model third aspect embodiment, including the speed changer according to above-described embodiment, or The power assembly according to above-described embodiment.By using above-mentioned speed changer or power assembly, it can according to need and adjust it Setting angle avoids interfering with other parts, and the scope of application is wider, and since the self-lubricating property of speed changer is good, has Conducive to the use reliability for improving vehicle.
The additional aspect and advantage of the utility model will be set forth in part in the description, partially will be from following description In become obvious, or recognized by the practice of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the utility model from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures will Become obvious and be readily appreciated that, in which:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram according to the power assembly of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the side view of power assembly shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of the first shell of the speed changer of power assembly shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of the second shell of the speed changer of power assembly shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a kind of scheme of installation of power assembly shown in Fig. 1, and wherein power assembly is with respect to the horizontal plane in 0 ° Installation;
Fig. 6 is another scheme of installation of power assembly shown in Fig. 1, and wherein power assembly is with respect to the horizontal plane in 10 ° of installations;
Fig. 7 is another scheme of installation of power assembly shown in Fig. 1, and wherein power assembly is with respect to the horizontal plane in 20 ° of installations.
Appended drawing reference:
Power assembly 100,
Motor 10, controller 20,
Speed changer 30,
Cabinet 31, the first cabinet 311, the second cabinet 312,
First mounting hole 321, the second mounting hole 322, third mounting hole 323,
First oil guide groove 331, the second oil guide groove 332, third oil guide groove 333,
First hole location Oil Guide portion 341, the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342, third hole location Oil Guide portion 343
Reinforcing rib 35, between hole Oil Guide portion 36.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments of the present invention are described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning Same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions are indicated to same or similar label eventually.Below by ginseng The embodiment for examining attached drawing description is exemplary, and is only used for explaining the utility model, and should not be understood as to the utility model Limitation.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width Degree ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", " axis To ", " radial direction ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " circumferential direction " be to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be only for Convenient for description the utility model and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have specifically Orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.In addition, define " the One ", the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the utility model In, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition The concrete meaning of language in the present invention.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 7 description according to the speed changer according to the utility model embodiment of the utility model embodiment 3030。
There are multiple spaced apart mounting holes according to the cabinet 31 of the speed changer 30 of the utility model embodiment, for making Transmission shaft passes through, and the bearing for being used to support transmission shaft can be set in mounting hole.Transmission shaft includes the main shaft for being configured to input terminal With the semiaxis for being configured to output end, mounting hole includes that the first mounting hole 321 for passing through main shaft is pacified with pass through semiaxis second Fill hole 322.
Wherein, extend section (for example, extended surface of 31 upper surface of cabinet shown in FIG. 1), cabinet 31 at the top of cabinet 31 Suitable for being installed by the second mounting hole 322 not higher than the first mounting hole 321 and in a manner of section and horizontal plane are at set angle.
When work, the gear quick rotation in speed changer 30 is splashed to oil liquid to stir the oil liquid of 31 inner cavity of cabinet 31 inner wall of cabinet, being splashed to the oil liquid on 31 inner wall of cabinet can be on the transmission shaft and transmission shaft that are threaded through multiple mounting holes Component (such as bearing) be lubricated.
It according to the speed changer 30 of the utility model embodiment, is either horizontally mounted, is still inclined relative to horizontal peace Dress, oil liquid can penetrate into mounting hole when work, so that good lubrication is carried out to the component in cabinet 31 or on cabinet 31, into And guarantee the greasy property of speed changer 30.
Therefore, the speed changer 30 of the application has good self-lubricating effect, is adapted to mount in a plurality of vehicles, and The setting angle that can according to need adjustment speed changer 30 in the space layout of whole vehicle avoids occurring with other parts dry It relates to, while not influencing the lubricant effect to bearing, the scope of application is wider.
Optionally, section cabinet 31 with the second mounting hole 322 not higher than the first mounting hole 321 form installation when, with Angular range between horizontal plane is 0 ° -20 °.
That is, cabinet 31 is suitable in being installed on the vehicle body of vehicle with multi-angle, and by the section of cabinet 31 and horizontal Angle between face is defined as the established angle of cabinet 31, and the established angle of cabinet 31 may range from 0 ° -20 °.For example, Fig. 5 shows The cabinet 31 of speed changer 30 out is horizontally installed to vehicle body, and the cabinet 31 of the speed changer 30 shown in Fig. 6 is pacified horizontal by 10 ° The cabinet 31 of dress, the speed changer 30 shown in Fig. 7 is installed horizontal by 20 °.0.8L oil liquid, speed changer 30 are provided in cabinet 31 Each mounting hole can have good lubricant effect.
One embodiment according to the present utility model, each mounting hole have the oil guide groove communicated therewith, two neighboring peace Oil Guide portion 36 is connected between filling the oil guide groove through hole between hole.For example, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the second mounting hole 322 and third Equipped with Oil Guide portion 36 between hole between mounting hole 323, so that the second oil guide groove 332 is connected to third oil guide groove 333.Lead to as a result, Oil Guide portion 36 between providing holes is crossed between two neighboring mounting hole, to be connected to the oil guide groove at two neighboring mounting hole, in turn Improve the lubricant effect in cabinet 31.
According to the utility model further embodiment, there is multiple oil guide grooves and multiple hole location Oil Guides portion in cabinet 31, Each mounting hole is connected by least one of multiple oil guide grooves with 31 inner cavity of cabinet, and hole location Oil Guide portion is suitable for along cabinet 31 Set angle oil is oriented in corresponding oil guide groove.
When work, the gear quick rotation in speed changer 30 is splashed to oil liquid to stir the oil liquid of 31 inner cavity of cabinet 31 inner wall of cabinet, the oil liquid being splashed on 31 inner wall of cabinet is flowed along hole location Oil Guide portion to oil guide groove, thus in mounting hole Bearing be lubricated.
In some instances, multiple oil guide grooves and multiple hole location Oil Guides portion, which correspond, arranges.Oil liquid in this way can be along Each hole location Oil Guide portion flows in corresponding oil guide groove, hence into corresponding mounting hole, to the bearing in each mounting hole It is lubricated, is conducive to the self-lubricating property for improving speed changer 30.
In some instances, oil guide groove and hole location Oil Guide portion are arranged in the top at the mounting hole center of corresponding position, To guarantee the greasy property of the component above the oil liquid in cabinet 31.
In some instances, each hole location Oil Guide portion is formed as protruding from the convex ribs of 31 inner wall of cabinet, and the one of convex ribs The oil guide groove towards corresponding position is held to extend, hole location Oil Guide portion's other end extends certain length in 31 inner wall of cabinet, by case Convex ribs are arranged in the inner wall of body 31, and large range of oil liquid can be made on 31 inner wall of cabinet to flow to corresponding oil guide groove along convex ribs It is interior, to further realize good Oil Guide effect.
In some instances, the shape of convex ribs is the combination of one or both of linear, curved shape.For example, each convex The shape of muscle can form linear, can be another using forming curves shape or a part of shape of each convex ribs as linear Partial shape is curved shape.Certainly, the convex ribs of a part of quantity in multiple convex ribs can form linear convex ribs, multiple convex ribs In the convex ribs of a part of quantity can form linear and curve with forming curves shape convex ribs, the convex ribs of rest part quantity The combination convex ribs of shape, can specifically be adjusted according to actual needs.
In some instances, multiple oil guide grooves are respectively provided in the circumferential direction of corresponding mounting hole, and multiple convex ribs are in correspondence Mounting hole circumferential direction on, positioned at the same side of corresponding oil guide groove.That is, be located at 31 the same side of cabinet of speed changer 30 Multiple convex ribs and corresponding oil guide groove by being arranged in the circumferential direction of mounting hole clockwise or counterclockwise.
Specifically, as shown in figure 3, being equipped at least one oil guide groove in the circumferential direction of each mounting hole, each oil guide groove Close position be equipped with one be used for Oil Guide convex ribs, and convex ribs in the circumferential direction of mounting hole, be respectively positioned on the suitable of corresponding oil guide groove Clockwise side, i.e. oil guide groove and the corresponding convex ribs are sequentially arranged in the circumferential direction of mounting hole in the direction of the clock On.
What needs to be explained here is that since Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 respectively illustrate following the first cabinet 311 and the second cabinet 312 It is fastened and connected, i.e. the inner surface of the first cabinet 311 and the inner surface of the second cabinet 312 is positioned opposite.Therefore, it is located at the first cabinet Convex ribs on 311 inner surfaces (side surface as shown in Figure 3) and it is located at 312 inner surface of the second cabinet (side as shown in Figure 4 Surface) on convex ribs it is just opposite relative to the arrangement orientation of the oil guide groove of corresponding position.
Shown in as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 and Figure 4, one embodiment according to the present utility model, cabinet 31 includes: the first cabinet 311 With the second cabinet 312, the second cabinet 312 and the first cabinet 311 are fastened and connected to limit the inner cavity of cabinet 31, the first cabinet 311 and second cabinet 312 be equipped with multiple mounting holes, and on the multiple mounting holes and the second cabinet 312 on the first cabinet 311 Multiple mounting holes correspond in groups, for installing transmission shaft.
In some specific examples, the second cabinet 312 is located at the right side of the first cabinet 311, the second cabinet 312 and the first case Body 311 is connected by connector to limit the inner cavity for accommodating the components such as gear, wherein the front of the second cabinet 312 is convex Rear portion for the second cabinet 312 on the inside of it to limit the space for accommodating motor 10.Controller 20 is located at cabinet 31 Top and connect with motor 10.
Further, the first cabinet 311 and the second cabinet 312 are respectively equipped with mounting hole positioned opposite, i.e. the first cabinet Position of mounting hole on mounting hole and the second cabinet 312 on 311 corresponds, and the first cabinet 311 and the second cabinet 312 Each mounting hole be circumferentially equipped with the inner wall of guide groove and the first cabinet 311 and the second cabinet 312 and be equipped with and extend to The convex ribs of guide groove.
In this way, gear quick rotation, thus stir oil liquid so that oil liquid be splashed to two sides inner wall (the first cabinet 311 The inner wall of inner wall and the second cabinet 312), oil liquid along convex ribs to oil guide groove flow, thus to the bearing in mounting hole into Row lubrication.
In some instances, multiple mounting holes are arranged along the length direction (front-rear direction as Figure 1-Figure 5) of cabinet 31 Cloth, wherein centrally located mounting hole is connected to at least two oil guide grooves, thus improve centrally located bearing with And the greasy property of component connected to it.
A specific embodiment according to the present utility model, multiple hole location Oil Guides portion are respectively the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 With the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342.
Further, the first mounting hole 321 is for installing main shaft and having the first oil guide groove 331, the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 are arranged adjacent to the first oil guide groove 331 oil is oriented to the first oil guide groove 331 along the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341;Second installation Hole 322 for install semiaxis and have the second oil guide groove 332, the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 adjacent to the second oil guide groove 332 be arranged with Oil is oriented to the second oil guide groove 332 along the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342.
Since in speed changer 30, for semiaxis as power output end, the torque born is larger, preferable lubricity is needed Can, therefore gearbox is during installation, makes the lubrication Chuck Steak in the space where semiaxis as much as possible.In order to realize said effect, The gearbox of the application can be installed in such a way that the height of the first mounting hole 321 is higher than the height of the second mounting hole 322, Such as the section of cabinet 31 and the angle of horizontal plane is made to guarantee thus can not only guarantee the second peace in the range of 0 ° to 20 ° The oil liquid filled at hole 322 is sufficient, it can also be ensured that the oil increasing of the second guide groove is oriented to through the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342, from And improve the lubricant effect at semiaxis.
In some instances, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 forms at least part and pacifies towards second The convex ribs that hole 322 extends are filled, such as the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 can form the tilted ribs extended towards the second mounting hole 322, The arched ribs extended towards the second mounting hole 322 can also be formed;Second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 is formed along linear direction (such as Fig. 3 With up and down direction shown in Fig. 4) the vertical muscle that extends, for example, when cabinet 31 is installed in a manner of horizontally disposed, the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 vertically extends.The first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 and the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 can be respectively by casees as a result, Oil liquid on 31 inner wall of body is oriented in the first oil guide groove 331 and the second oil guide groove 332, to guarantee the profit at main shaft and semiaxis Sliding effect.
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 7, another specific embodiment according to the present utility model, mounting hole further includes wearing suitable for countershaft If third mounting hole 323, third mounting hole 323 is between the first mounting hole 321 and the second mounting hole 322.
Countershaft is sequentially connected with main shaft and semiaxis respectively, and third mounting hole 323 has third oil guide groove 333, multiple hole locations Oil Guide portion further includes third hole location Oil Guide portion 343, and third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 is arranged adjacent to third oil guide groove 333 with oil is suitable Third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 be oriented to third oil guide groove 333.
As a result, by the way that third oil guide groove 333 and third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 are arranged at third mounting hole 323, can incite somebody to action The oil liquid of 31 inner wall of cabinet is oriented to third oil guide groove 333 by third hole location Oil Guide portion 343, thus on countershaft and countershaft Structure (such as bearing) carries out sufficient lubrication.
In some instances, third oil guide groove 333 and third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 respectively include two, and third hole location is led Oily portion 343 forms tilted ribs, the arc that vertical muscle, the first mounting hole 321 of direction or the second mounting hole 322 that edge extends linearly extend One of shape muscle or multiple combinations.In this way, the oil liquid being splashed on 31 inner wall of cabinet is along two third hole location Oil Guide portions 343 It flow in corresponding third oil guide groove 333, to further increase to the structure (such as bearing) on countershaft and countershaft Lubricant effect.
One embodiment according to the present utility model, the not contour row at least part mounting hole center in multiple mounting holes Cloth.It is arranged in the not contour arrangement of transmission shaft of mounting hole.In this way, speed changer 30 is either horizontally mounted, or relative to water Plane inclination installation, the gear being mounted on transmission shaft has gear to stir oil liquid when rotating, so that being splashed to 31 inner wall of cabinet Oil liquid on face can penetrate into mounting hole.
In some instances, the outer wall of cabinet 31 is equipped with the reinforcing rib of multiple arranged for interval and/or arranged crosswise, reinforcing rib Bolt fixed point can be located at.Reinforcing rib is set by the outer wall in cabinet 31, the structural strength of cabinet 31 can be improved.
Power assembly 100 according to the utility model embodiment includes: speed changer 30, motor 10 described in above-described embodiment With controller 20.Motor 10 and speed changer 30 are sequentially connected, and motor 10 has motor case body, the case of motor case body and speed changer 30 Body 31 is integrated into a total cabinet.Controller 20 is electrically connected with motor 10 and is installed on total cabinet.That is, speed changer 30 is integrated with motor 10, controller 20.
It can by using speed changer 30 described in above-described embodiment according to the power assembly 100 of the utility model embodiment To improve the self-lubricating property of power assembly 100, power assembly 100 is either horizontally mounted, is still inclined relative to horizontal Installation, when work, oil liquid can be penetrated into mounting hole, to moisten to bearing and the other component connecting with bearing It is sliding,
Therefore, the power assembly 100 of the application has good self-lubricating effect, is adapted to mount in a plurality of vehicles, and And can according to need the setting angle of motivation of adjustment assembly 100 in the space layout of whole vehicle, it avoids and other parts It interferes, while not influencing the lubricant effect to bearing, the scope of application is wider.
A specific implementation of power assembly 100 according to the present utility model is described in detail in 1- Fig. 7 with reference to the accompanying drawing Example.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, power assembly 100 includes motor 10, controller 20 and the speed changer 30 integrated, The cabinet 31 of speed changer 30 includes the second cabinet 312 positioned at first cabinet 311 in left side and positioned at right side, the first cabinet 311 With the first mounting hole 321, the second mounting hole 322, third mounting hole for being equipped with the not contour arrangement in center on the second cabinet 312 323, one group of bearing is installed in the first mounting hole 321, to install main shaft, one group of bearing is installed in the second mounting hole 322, To install semiaxis, one group of bearing is installed, to install countershaft in third mounting hole 323.
As shown in figure 3, the first mounting hole 321, the second mounting hole 322 on the first cabinet 311,323 edge of third mounting hole Its length direction (front-rear direction arranged for interval as shown in Figure 3), wherein third mounting hole 323 is located at 321 He of the first mounting hole The middle part of second mounting hole 322 and neighbouring first mounting hole 321 arrangement, and the second mounting hole 322 is located at third mounting hole 323 Rear side, the first mounting hole 321 are located at the front side of third mounting hole 323, and the centre-height of the second mounting hole 322 is lower than the first installation Hole 321, third mounting hole 323 centre-height, the centre-height of the first mounting hole 321 is lower than the center of third mounting hole 323 Highly.
Further, the top of the first mounting hole 321 is equipped with the first oil guide groove 331, and the top of the first oil guide groove 331 is set There is curved shape the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 extended towards third mounting hole 323.The top of second mounting hole 322 is equipped with along upper Linear the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 and the second oil guide groove 332 that lower direction extends.Third mounting hole 323 is circumferentially with two The top of a spaced apart third oil guide groove 333, neighbouring one of third oil guide groove 333 is equipped with towards the second mounting hole The 322 linear third hole location Oil Guide portions 343 extended, the position of another neighbouring third oil guide groove 333, which is equipped with towards first, pacifies Fill the curved shape third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 that hole 321 extends.
Also, the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341, third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 of 342, two, the second hole location Oil Guide portion are in correspondence Mounting hole circumferential direction on, be respectively positioned on corresponding oil guide groove clockwise.That is, the first oil guide groove 331 and the first hole Position Oil Guide portion 341 is sequentially arranged in the direction of the clock in the circumferential direction of the first mounting hole 321, the second oil guide groove 332 and the second hole Position Oil Guide portion 342 is sequentially arranged in the direction of the clock in the circumferential direction of the second mounting hole 322, third oil guide groove 333 and third hole Position Oil Guide portion 343 is sequentially arranged in the direction of the clock in the circumferential direction of third mounting hole 323.
As shown in figure 4, the first mounting hole 321, the second mounting hole 322, third mounting hole 323 on the second cabinet 312 One-to-one correspondence on position and the first cabinet 311.The top of first mounting hole 321 is equipped with the first oil guide groove 331, and the first Oil Guide The top of slot 331 is equipped with curved shape the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341 extended towards third mounting hole 323.Second mounting hole 322 Top is equipped with linear the second hole location Oil Guide portion 342 vertically extended and the second oil guide groove 332.Third mounting hole 323 Be circumferentially with two spaced apart third oil guide grooves 333, the top of neighbouring one of third oil guide groove 333 is equipped with direction The linear third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 that the inclination of first mounting hole 321 extends, the position of another neighbouring third oil guide groove 333 Equipped with the linear third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 extended towards the inclination of the second mounting hole 322.
Also, the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341, third hole location Oil Guide portion 343 of 342, two, the second hole location Oil Guide portion are in correspondence Mounting hole circumferential direction on, be respectively positioned on corresponding oil guide groove counterclockwise.That is, the first oil guide groove 331 and the first hole Position Oil Guide portion 341 is sequentially arranged in counterclockwise in the circumferential direction of the first mounting hole 321, the second oil guide groove 332 and the second hole Position Oil Guide portion 342 is sequentially arranged in counterclockwise in the circumferential direction of the second mounting hole 322, third oil guide groove 333 and third hole Position Oil Guide portion 343 is sequentially arranged in counterclockwise in the circumferential direction of third mounting hole 323.
When work, when three transmission shafts (main shaft, countershaft and semiaxis) of speed changer 30 rotate, it is located on three transmission shafts Gear quick rotation makes oil liquid be splashed to 31 inner wall of cabinet to stir the oil liquid of 31 inner cavity of cabinet, is splashed to 31 inner wall of cabinet On oil liquid along hole location Oil Guide portion to oil guide groove flow, to be lubricated to the bearing in mounting hole.
According to the power assembly 100 of the utility model embodiment, by the first mounting hole 321,322 and of the second mounting hole The first oil guide groove 331, the second oil guide groove 332, third oil guide groove 333 communicated therewith is respectively set on third mounting hole 323 to exist First oil guide groove 331, the second oil guide groove 332, third oil guide groove 333 notch at be correspondingly arranged the first hole location Oil Guide portion 341, Two hole location Oil Guide portions 342, third hole location Oil Guide portion 343, power assembly 100 is either horizontally mounted, still with respect to the horizontal plane Inclination installation, oil liquid can be oriented in oil guide groove by hole location Oil Guide portion when work, to penetrate into mounting hole, to bearing with And the other component connecting with bearing is lubricated, and guarantees the greasy property of power assembly 100.
Vehicle according to the utility model embodiment includes the speed changer 30 according to above-described embodiment;Or including above-mentioned Power assembly 100 described in embodiment.
Due to being had above-mentioned technique effect according to 30/ power assembly 100 of speed changer of the utility model embodiment, root It is also had above-mentioned technique effect according to the vehicle of the utility model embodiment, i.e., by using above-mentioned 30/ power assembly of speed changer 100, it can according to need the setting angle of adjustment 30/ power assembly 100 of speed changer, avoid interfering with other parts, fit It is wider with range, and since the self-lubricating property of 30/ power assembly 100 of speed changer is good, the use for being conducive to improve vehicle can By property.
It is constituted and is operated for this field according to other of the vehicle of the utility model embodiment and power assembly 100 All be for those of ordinary skill it is known, be not detailed herein.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " illustrative examples ", The description of " example ", " specific example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features described in conjunction with this embodiment or example, knot Structure, material or feature are contained at least one embodiment or example of the utility model.In the present specification, to above-mentioned art The schematic representation of language may not refer to the same embodiment or example.Moreover, description specific features, structure, material or Person's feature can be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more of the embodiments or examples.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: These embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations, modification, replacement in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and objective And modification, the scope of the utility model are defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (16)

1. a kind of speed changer, which is characterized in that the cabinet of the speed changer has multiple spaced apart mounting holes, passes for making Moving axis passes through, and the transmission shaft includes the main shaft for being configured to input terminal and the semiaxis for being configured to output end, and the mounting hole includes The first mounting hole for passing through the main shaft and make the second mounting hole that the semiaxis passes through,
Wherein, section is extended in the top of the box, and the cabinet is suitable for second mounting hole not higher than first peace It fills hole and the section and horizontal plane is installed at the mode of set angle.
2. speed changer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the section is in the cabinet with second mounting hole Angular range when form not higher than first mounting hole is installed between the horizontal plane is 0 ° -20 °.
3. speed changer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each mounting hole has the Oil Guide communicated therewith Slot, Oil Guide portion is connected between the oil guide groove through hole between the two neighboring mounting hole.
4. speed changer according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the cabinet is interior with multiple oil guide grooves and multiple Hole location Oil Guide portion, each mounting hole are connected by least one of multiple described oil guide grooves with the cabinets cavity, institute Hole location Oil Guide portion is stated to be suitable for that oil being oriented in the corresponding oil guide groove along the set angle of the cabinet.
5. speed changer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that multiple oil guide grooves and multiple hole location Oil Guide portions Correspond arrangement.
6. speed changer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the oil guide groove and hole location Oil Guide portion are respectively arranged In the top at the mounting hole center of corresponding position.
7. speed changer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that each hole location Oil Guide portion is formed as protruding from described The convex ribs in cabinet wall face, and the oil guide groove of one end of the convex ribs towards corresponding position extends, hole location Oil Guide portion is another End extends certain length in the cabinet wall.
8. speed changer according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the shape of the convex ribs is linear, in curved shape One or two combination.
9. speed changer according to claim 7, which is characterized in that multiple oil guide grooves are respectively provided at the corresponding peace In the circumferential direction for filling hole, and be located at the speed changer cabinet the same side multiple convex ribs and the corresponding oil guide groove by It is arranged in the circumferential direction of the corresponding mounting hole clockwise or counterclockwise.
10. speed changer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that multiple hole location Oil Guide portions are respectively the first hole location Oil Guide portion and the second hole location Oil Guide portion,
First mounting hole has the first oil guide groove, and the first hole location Oil Guide portion is arranged adjacent to first oil guide groove to incite somebody to action Oil is oriented to first oil guide groove along the first hole location Oil Guide portion;
Second mounting hole has the second oil guide groove, and the second hole location Oil Guide portion is arranged adjacent to second oil guide groove to incite somebody to action Oil is oriented to second oil guide groove along the second hole location Oil Guide portion.
11. speed changer according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the first hole location Oil Guide portion forms at least part The convex ribs extended towards second mounting hole, the second hole location Oil Guide portion form the vertical muscle extended along linear direction.
12. speed changer according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the mounting hole further includes the worn suitable for countershaft Three mounting holes, the third mounting hole between first mounting hole and second mounting hole, the countershaft respectively with The main shaft and semiaxis transmission connection,
The third mounting hole has third oil guide groove, and multiple hole location Oil Guide portions further include third hole location Oil Guide portion, described Third hole location Oil Guide portion is arranged adjacent to the third oil guide groove oil is oriented to the third along the third hole location Oil Guide portion Oil guide groove.
13. speed changer according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the third oil guide groove and the third hole location Oil Guide Portion respectively includes two, the third hole location Oil Guide portion formed along the vertical muscle extended linearly, towards first mounting hole or One of tilted ribs that second mounting hole extends, arched ribs or multiple combinations.
14. speed changer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that at least part installation in multiple mounting holes The not contour arrangement in hole center.
15. a kind of power assembly characterized by comprising
Speed changer described in any one of claim 1-14;
Motor is connect with the variator, and the motor has motor case body, the motor case body and the speed changer Cabinet is integrated into a total cabinet;
Controller, the controller are electrically connected with the motor and are installed on total cabinet.
16. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that including speed changer described according to claim 1 any one of -14, or according to power Benefit require 15 described in power assembly.
CN201820254908.9U 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle Active CN208185416U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820254908.9U CN208185416U (en) 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820254908.9U CN208185416U (en) 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208185416U true CN208185416U (en) 2018-12-04

Family

ID=64439416

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820254908.9U Active CN208185416U (en) 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208185416U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9528593B2 (en) Structure for lubricating transmission
CN107448590B (en) The driving force transmission device of vehicle
CN102494115A (en) Bearing lubricating structure of driving gear shaft of gear box for urban rail traffic vehicle
CN105873785A (en) Vehicle power transfer unit (PTU) with oil feed passage
CN109944918B (en) Lubricating oil supply device for vehicle
CN208185416U (en) Speed changer, power assembly and vehicle
CN103732952A (en) Worm gear
CN110494678A (en) Transmission device and the oily guide structure being disposed therein
JP2009180371A (en) Gear device for rail vehicle
JP5410562B2 (en) Lubricator for power transmission mechanism
EP2187099A1 (en) Lubrication structure of gear train encased in gear case
CN105041610B (en) Bent axle, crankshaft group and piston compressor with it
CN107882962A (en) The casing of the gear-box of rail traffic vehicles
CN104675972B (en) Electric vehicle, speed reduction box and lubricating structure thereof
CN110397729A (en) A kind of Rocker arm assembly of riveting process
CN203202181U (en) Speed reducer and hybrid power assembly with speed reducer applied
CN203453473U (en) Oil dividing rotating sealing device of crowned tooth connecting shaft
CN206206540U (en) Worm screw with built-in lubrication system
EP2538044B1 (en) Retention systems
CN204512382U (en) Gear-box and there is the machine of this gear-box
CN201133451Y (en) Travelling grate variable speed case
CN207332973U (en) A kind of motorcycle engine major-minor axis lubrication system
CN212055777U (en) Reduction gear assembly and vehicle
CN103047395B (en) Lower shaft tooth sealing mechanism in a kind of bar tacking machine
CN212426394U (en) Sewing machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant