CN208166800U - A kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater - Google Patents

A kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208166800U
CN208166800U CN201820401838.5U CN201820401838U CN208166800U CN 208166800 U CN208166800 U CN 208166800U CN 201820401838 U CN201820401838 U CN 201820401838U CN 208166800 U CN208166800 U CN 208166800U
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China
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plant bed
sea
water inlet
sedimentation
cement
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CN201820401838.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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佘忠明
刘涛
丘广艳
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Shenzhen Huasheng Feng Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Huasheng Feng Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater, including sequentially connected cement aquaculture pond, sea-plant bed, sedimentation and filtration ditch, the cement aquaculture pond top sets water inlet, and bottom sets sewage draining exit and porous sewage pipe;The sea-plant bed includes water inlet, porous water distributor, drainage arrangement and packing layer, the packing layer is located at sea-plant bed pond body middle and lower part, plant bed cement plate, pebble layer and the first sandy gravel stratum, planting plants in the cement plate are successively set from the bottom up;The sedimentation and filtration ditch includes precipitating water inlet, packing layer, discharge cycle mouth, and the packing layer is located at the sedimentation and filtration ditch middle and lower part, successively sets corallite, filtering cement plate and the second sandy gravel stratum from the bottom up.The beneficial effect that the utility model generates be it is applied widely, occupied area is small, construction is fast, at low cost, easy to operate, achievable sea farming water circulation use.

Description

A kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of sewage, at the ecology of specifically a kind of marine animal breeding wastewater Reason system.
Background technique
In recent years, China coast mariculture industry rapidly develops, but traditional pond culture area is maintained compared with Gao Shui It is flat.Due to traditional aquaculture model, breeding wastewater is almost unprocessed to be just directly discharged into surrounding sea areas, and a large amount of sea-farming is useless After water enters ocean water body, content of nutritive salt in seawater is caused sharply to increase, the distorted proliferations such as algae, frequent occurrence, and to water Species diversity damages in body, brings serious marine environmental pollution problem, therefore, the processing of traditional pond breeding wastewater Have become scale mariculture industry critical issue urgently to be resolved.
Currently, carrying out marine culture wastewater mainly for mixed breeding and monoculture both of which in traditional breeding process Processing.Polyculture reduces pollution by building different breeding mode, such as:By marine animal and niche complementarity Aquaculture organism put in a suitable place to breed in same pond with certain proportion, fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, the macros such as sea lettuce are cultivated in pond to absorb water The dissolving salts such as middle N, P;Construct mangrove-prawn plantation-cultivation coupled system etc..Monoculture mode in breeding process then to generating Waste water carry out precipitation process by constructing simple place of settling Litang after discharge;Either to the waste water generated in breeding process Integrated treatment is carried out, pond waste discharge is successively again introduced into the shrimp pool after fish, shellfish, algae purification absorb, realizes following for water Ring utilizes.
But existing Polyculture can bring aquaculture organism to exist by two or more biology mixed breedings in same water body The direct competitive of living space, while various biologies are mixed in together in the pool, lead to problems such as to make troubles when each biology harvest, A large amount of biogenic accumulations are had when water is changed in pond and are deposited on bottom of pond, it is difficult to be handled.In monoculture mode, mainly there is processing The problem of low efficiency, generally requiring to occupy a large amount of space could effectively realize that wastewater treatment purifies.
CN2016142972U discloses a kind of closed seawater breeding wastewater cyclic utilization system, including what is be sequentially connected Sedimentation basin, zeolite filter, ozonization pond and aeration oxygen replenishing pond, the utility model can be realized the processing to breeding wastewater and follow Ring utilizes, but the patent is handled waste water merely with physics mode, and treatment effeciency is low, and operating cost is high, while pond Transformation of facility cost is also higher.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of the utility model is to provide it is a kind of it is applied widely, occupied area is small, construction is fast, cost The ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater low, easy to operate, that cultivation water circulation use can be achieved.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of Ecological Disposal system of marine animal breeding wastewater System, including cement aquaculture pond, sea-plant bed, sedimentation and filtration ditch;The cement aquaculture pond top sets water inlet, and bottom sets row Dirty mouth and porous sewage pipe, the sewage draining exit are connect with porous sewage pipe;The sea-plant bed includes plant bed water inlet Mouth, porous water distributor, drainage arrangement and packing layer, the plant bed water inlet and porous water distributor are located at sea-plant bed bottom Portion, the plant bed water inlet are connect with porous water distributor, and the drainage arrangement is located at sea-plant bed top, institute The drainage arrangement stated includes overflow weir and plant bed discharge outlet, under the packing layer is located in the sea-plant bed pond body Portion successively sets plant bed cement plate, pebble layer and the first sandy gravel stratum from the bottom up, and plantation is planted in the plant bed cement plate Object;The sedimentation and filtration ditch includes precipitating water inlet, packing layer, discharge cycle mouth, and the precipitating water inlet is located at described The top of sedimentation and filtration ditch pond body, the discharge cycle mouth are located at the lower part of the sedimentation and filtration ditch pond body, the filler Layer is located at the sedimentation and filtration ditch middle and lower part, successively sets corallite, filtering cement plate and the second sandy gravel stratum from the bottom up;The water The sewage draining exit of mud aquaculture pond is connect by pipeline with the plant bed water inlet, and the plant bed discharge outlet passes through pipeline and institute Precipitating water inlet connection is stated, the discharge cycle mouth is connect by pipeline with the water inlet of the cement aquaculture pond.
Further, sea-plant bed, sedimentation and filtration ditch can use existing cement aquaculture pond.
Further, in the described sea-plant bed the plant bed cement plate of filler, pebble layer, the first sandy gravel stratum thickness Respectively 500-1000mm, 200-500mm, 500-800mm.
Further, the thickness of filler corallite, filtering cement plate and the second sandy gravel stratum divides in the sedimentation and filtration ditch It Wei not 500-1000mm, 300-500mm, 400-800mm.
Further, first sandy gravel stratum, the second sandy gravel stratum are any or combination of sandy gravel stratum, oyster shell.
Further, the plant bed cement plate, filtering cement plate are honeycomb permeable cement plate.
Further, chlorination equipment is set at the sedimentation and filtration ditch discharge cycle mouth.
Beneficial effect caused by the utility model is:
(1) by setting sea-plant bed, artificial dielectric is constructed, using the synergistic effect of plant, microorganism, to greatest extent Using biology itself metabolism to marine animal livestock waste carry out integrated treatment, it can be achieved that cultivation water circulation use, Avoid pollution caused by breeding wastewater outlet, easy to operate, high treating effect.
(2) using the salinity in plant adsorption stuffing, improve the structure of filler, prevent the salinization of soil of filler, utilize simultaneously The photosynthesis of plant, substances, the adsorption functions of Activation filling such as organic matter and nitrogen, phosphorus in dry load increase filler Service life and adsorption efficiency;It gathers materials on the spot, makes full use of marine resources, gravel and oyster shell, annidation is good.
(3) using corallite as the filler of sedimentation and filtration ditch, while realizing physisorptive filter water quality, Ke Yichong Divide using original marine microorganism flora in corallite, Organic substance in water is further removed.
(4) this system is available matches with existing cement aquaculture pond well, reduces Transformation of Sewage Treatment expense, construction Period is short, and starting is fast.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
In figure, 1, cement aquaculture pond, 2, sea-plant bed, 3, sedimentation and filtration ditch, 4, water inlet, 5, sewage draining exit, 6, porous Sewage pipe, 7, plant bed water inlet, 8, porous water distributor, 9, plant bed cement plate, 10, pebble layer, the 11, first sandy gravel stratum, 12, plant bed discharge outlet, 13, overflow weir, 14, precipitating water inlet, the 15, second sandy gravel stratum, 16, filtering cement plate, 17, coral Stone, 18, discharge cycle mouth.
Specific embodiment
It is described in further detail below by specific embodiment combination attached drawing and to the utility model.
The utility model provides a kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater, including cement aquaculture pond 1, sea Foreign plant bed 2, sedimentation and filtration ditch 3;1 top of cement aquaculture pond sets water inlet 4, and bottom sets sewage draining exit 5 and porous blowdown Pipe 6, the sewage draining exit 5 are connect with porous sewage pipe 6;The sea-plant bed 2 includes plant bed water inlet 7, porous cloth Water pipe 8, drainage arrangement and packing layer, the plant bed water inlet 7 and porous water distributor 8 are located at 2 bottoms of sea-plant bed, institute The plant bed water inlet 7 stated is connect with porous water distributor 8, and the drainage arrangement is located at 2 tops of the sea-plant bed, institute The drainage arrangement stated includes overflow weir 13 and plant bed discharge outlet 12, and the packing layer is located at 2 ponds of the sea-plant bed Body middle and lower part successively sets plant bed cement plate 9, pebble layer 10 and the first sandy gravel stratum 11, the plant bed water from the bottom up Planting plants in mud plate 9;The sedimentation and filtration ditch 3 includes precipitating water inlet 14, packing layer, discharge cycle mouth 18, described Precipitating water inlet 14 is located at the top of 3 pond body of sedimentation and filtration ditch, and the discharge cycle mouth 18 is located at precipitating filtering The lower part of 3 pond body of pond, the packing layer are located at 3 middle and lower part of sedimentation and filtration ditch, successively set corallite 17, mistake from the bottom up Drainage mud plate 16 and the second sandy gravel stratum 15;The sewage draining exit 5 of the cement aquaculture pond is connected by pipeline and the plant bed water inlet 7 It connects, the plant bed discharge outlet 12 is connect by pipeline with the precipitating water inlet 14, and the discharge cycle mouth 18 passes through Pipeline is connect with the water inlet 4 of the cement aquaculture pond.
Further, sea-plant bed 2, sedimentation and filtration ditch 3 can use existing cement aquaculture pond 1.
Further, the plant bed cement plate 9 of filler, pebble layer 10, the first sandy gravel stratum 11 in sea-plant bed 2 Thickness be respectively 500-1000mm, 200-500mm, 500-800mm.
Further, filler corallite 17 in the sedimentation and filtration ditch 3, filtering cement plate 16 and the second sandy gravel stratum 15 Thickness is respectively 500-1000mm, 300-500mm, 400-800mm.
Further, first sandy gravel stratum 11, any or group that the second sandy gravel stratum 15 is sandy gravel stratum, oyster shell It closes.
Further, the plant bed cement plate 9, filtering cement plate 16 are honeycomb permeable cement plate.
Further, chlorination equipment is set at the 3 discharge cycle mouth 18 of sedimentation and filtration ditch.
Utility model works principle is:
Sea farming waste water enters sea-plant bed through bottom porous sewage pipe, sewage draining exit, in the effect of porous water distributor Under, the lower part of sea-plant bed is uniformly entered, it will be organic in sea farming waste water by the metabolism of plant, microorganism Object removal reaches purpose of purifying the water quality, and purified cultivation water overflow enters sedimentation and filtration ditch, adsorbed by physical filtering, into One step removes remaining organic matter in water body, meanwhile, in physical filtering adsorption process, original sea in corallite can be made full use of Foreign microorganism further removes the intracorporal organic matter of water, enhances treatment effect, realizes recycling for sea farming waste water.
The preferable specific embodiment of the above, only the utility model, but the protection scope of the utility model is not It is confined to this, anyone skilled in the art is practical according to this in the technical scope that the utility model discloses Novel technical solution and its inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all cover the protection scope of the utility model it It is interior.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater, including cement aquaculture pond, sea-plant bed, precipitating filtering Pond, it is characterised in that:The cement aquaculture pond top sets water inlet, and bottom sets sewage draining exit and porous sewage pipe, the row Dirty mouth is connect with porous sewage pipe;The sea-plant bed includes water inlet, porous water distributor, drainage arrangement and packing layer, The plant bed water inlet and porous water distributor are located at sea-plant bed bottom, the plant bed water inlet and porous water distribution Pipe connection, the drainage arrangement are located at sea-plant bed top, and the drainage arrangement includes overflow weir and plant Bed discharge outlet, the packing layer are located at sea-plant bed pond body middle and lower part, successively set from the bottom up plant bed cement plate, Pebble layer and the first sandy gravel stratum, planting plants in the cement plate;The sedimentation and filtration ditch includes precipitating water inlet, fills out The bed of material, discharge cycle mouth, the precipitating water inlet are located at the top of the sedimentation and filtration ditch pond body, the discharge cycle mouth Positioned at the lower part of the sedimentation and filtration ditch pond body, the packing layer is located at the sedimentation and filtration ditch middle and lower part, from the bottom up according to It is secondary to set corallite, filtering cement plate and the second sandy gravel stratum;The sewage draining exit of the cement aquaculture pond by pipeline with it is described plant bed Water inlet connection, the plant bed discharge outlet are connect by pipeline with the precipitating water inlet, and the discharge cycle mouth is logical Piping is connect with the water inlet of the cement aquaculture pond.
2. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the described sea-plant bed, sedimentation and filtration ditch It can use existing cement aquaculture pond.
3. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that filler is plant bed in the sea-plant bed Cement plate, pebble layer, the first sandy gravel stratum thickness be respectively 500-1000mm, 200-500mm, 500-800mm.
4. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that filler coral in the sedimentation and filtration ditch The thickness of stone, filtering cement plate and the second sandy gravel stratum is respectively 500-1000mm, 300-500mm, 400-800mm.
5. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the plant bed cement plate, filtering cement Plate is honeycomb permeable cement plate.
6. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first sandy gravel stratum, the second sandy gravel stratum For any or combination of sandy gravel stratum, oyster shell.
7. ecological treatment system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that at the sedimentation and filtration ditch discharge cycle mouth If chlorination equipment.
CN201820401838.5U 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 A kind of ecological treatment system of marine animal breeding wastewater Active CN208166800U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110694344A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-17 云南省渔业科学研究院(云南省渔业病害防治和质量检测中心) Sand bed biofiltration device for aquaculture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110694344A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-17 云南省渔业科学研究院(云南省渔业病害防治和质量检测中心) Sand bed biofiltration device for aquaculture

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Address after: 518101 406, building 2, COFCO Chuangzhi plant area, zone 67, Xingdong community, Xin'an street, Bao'an District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Huashengfeng Ecology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd

Address before: 518100 Two 506 Zhongliang Business Park, Liuxian Second Road, Baoan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Shenzhen Huasheng Feng Agricultural Technology Development Co., Ltd.

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