CN208146633U - Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation - Google Patents

Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208146633U
CN208146633U CN201820169142.4U CN201820169142U CN208146633U CN 208146633 U CN208146633 U CN 208146633U CN 201820169142 U CN201820169142 U CN 201820169142U CN 208146633 U CN208146633 U CN 208146633U
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China
Prior art keywords
kitchen garbage
degradation
fermentation
warehouse
main shaft
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CN201820169142.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何洋洋
冯晓峰
金峰
钟丹成
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Hangzhou Ruisai Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Ruisai Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation, which mainly includes automatic lifting device, sorting draining platform, crusher, squeezing dewatering machine, main fermentation part etc..Kitchen garbage in dustbin is sent to sorting draining platform by automatic lifting device, manually by nondegradable garbage sorting during draining, it is sequentially sent to crusher, squeezing dewatering machine again later, rubbish is crushed to partial size less than 5 centimeters, and moisture content is reduced to 75% or less.Rubbish material by broken squeezing is squeezed the hot fermentation storehouse that spiral is sent into main fermentation part, it is mixed into high-temperature aerobic fermentation strain and carries out fermentative degradation, kitchen garbage is carbon dioxide, vapor and humus by 24 hours abundant microbe conversions, is finally reached the purpose of reduced degradation.This equipment has many advantages, such as that integrated degree is high, occupied area is small and treatment efficiency is high, is suitable for the units such as enterprises and institutions dining room, restaurant and the market of farm produce and uses.

Description

Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation, belong to organic waste biology decrement recycling benefit Use technical field.
Background technique
Aerobic compost refers under conditions of oxygen abundance, by aerobic microbiological mineralising organic matter and other nutrients Matter, and generate the process of humus.At present kitchen garbage decrement resource utilization in China just by higher and higher attention, China Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces rural area starts to promote the process kitchen garbage for using mechanical dynamic compost, to replace traditional glass sunlight house, detest Oxygen such as makes compost at the technological means.Influence the decomposed rate of kitchen garbage dynamic composting process material several key factors include:1) object Expect moisture content, the most suitable material water ratio of general compost is 60% or so, if being higher than 60%, oxygen is transmitted in the mass transfer of storeroom and received To limitation, lead to the reduction of compost functional microorganism activity, composting process is obstructed and anaerobe mass propagation can often generated Foul odour;2) ventilatory capacity, composting process belong to obligate aerobic reaction, need enough oxygen that reaction is maintained to carry out, especially The high temperature decomposed phase, and often occur leading to line clogging material due to big, moisture content height of kitchen garbage viscosity etc. in reality Phenomena such as internal ventilation is obstructed.Even certain equipment only with surface ventilating oxygen mode, by material roll procedure and empty Oxygen in gas contacts supplemental oxygen naturally, but kitchen garbage property is special, only relies on this mode, and ventilatory capacity is obviously insufficient, Affect composting efficiency;3) compost bacterium is that can participate in the thin of aerobic composting process there are diversified in itself in environment Bacterium and fungi, but the features such as in order to cope with the high salinity of kitchen garbage, oil content, water content, and improve kitchen garbage degradation speed Rate, it usually needs specific aim adds high efficiency degradation bacterial agent;4) mechanical stirring, whipping process are to allow material and microbial bacterial agent It comes into full contact with, reaction process is synchronous in maintenance system, and increases the chance that material is contacted with oxygen.However setting currently on the market It is standby that generally existing processing load is smaller, decomposed degree is low etc. that disadvantages design a set of integration kitchen rubbish to overcome these disadvantages Rubbish mechanism of degradation is suitable for heterogeneity material, and can be furnished with oil water separator and waste gas treatment tank, solves secondary pollution row Put problem.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation, saves energy Equipment treatment efficiency can be utmostly improved while consumption, reduce the secondary pollutions such as waste water, foul gas, and the behaviour of system Make difficulty and manpower consumption substantially reduces.
Specific technical solution used by the utility model is as follows:
Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation includes:Automatic lifting device, sorting draining platform, preprocessing part and main fermentation Part;Preprocessing part includes machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse, squeezing dewatering machine and conveyor screw;Automatic lifting device is set to sorting Draining platform side is broken into kitchen garbage after the sorted draining platform of rubbish for promoting dustbin to tabletop of platform and toppling over Broken machine, squeezing dewatering machine are set to machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse exit, and conveyor screw both ends connect squeezing dewatering machine outlet and master Fermentation part entrance.
The main fermentation part includes hot fermentation warehouse, warehouse demarcation plate, stirring main shaft;The stirring main shaft two End is connected to hot fermentation warehouse side wall by bearing respectively, and hot fermentation warehouse is divided into several subregions by warehouse demarcation plate, Each subregion top connection, on head, subregion upper wall is provided with air inlet, and tail portion subregion upper wall is provided with venthole;It is set in stirring main shaft It is equipped with several stirring blades.
The main fermentation part further includes the hydraulic motor for driving stirring main shaft.
The stirring blade includes connecting rod and blade, and connecting rod one end is fixed with stirring main shaft, and blade is set to connection The bar other end and be in square plate shape, stirring main shaft is not parallel to the square plate plane of blade.
The mechanism of degradation further includes the oil water separator for the waste water during rubbish fermentation to be carried out to water-oil separating.
The mechanism of degradation further includes waste gas treatment tank, and waste gas treatment tank is connected with the venthole of hot fermentation warehouse.
The connection squeezing dewatering machine and the conveyor screw of main fermentation part are obliquely installed in tendency from bottom to top.
The design of the utility model uses integrated and modularization, and the integrated degree of equipment is high, reduces equipment land occupation Kitchen garbage processing capacity is improved while area.Kitchen garbage, kitchen are handled using the integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation Rubbish day, reduction rate reached as high as 95% or so up to 90% or more, and remainder is then converted into high-quality organic fertilizer, can be real Existing kitchen garbage site decrement and resource utilization.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation apparatus structure schematic diagram.
In figure:1 dustbin, 2 automatic lifting devices, 3 dustbin upper limit positions, 4 sorting draining platforms, 5 kitchen garbages are broken Broken machine, 6 squeezing dewatering machines, 7 conveyor screws, 8 air inlets, 9 ventholes, 10 stirring blades, 11 stirring main shafts, 12 bearings, 13 liquid Pressure motor, 14 warehouse demarcation plates, 15 device frameworks and 16 hot fermentation warehouses.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing, so that those skilled in the art more fully understand The utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation (specified daily handling ability is 1000kg) includes dustbin, automatic Lifting device, sorting draining platform, machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse, squeezing dewatering machine, conveyor screw, air inlet, venthole, paddle Piece, stirring main shaft, bearing, hydraulic motor, warehouse demarcation plate, device framework and hot fermentation warehouse.Equipment body can by function It is divided into four parts, first, automatic lifting part includes dustbin and automatic lifting device;Second, sorting draining part packet The draining platform containing sorting;Third, preprocessing part include machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse, squeezing dewatering machine and conveyor screw;4th, it is main Fermentation part includes air inlet, venthole, stirring blade, stirring main shaft, bearing, hydraulic motor, warehouse demarcation plate, device framework With hot fermentation warehouse.
The operational process of integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation is as follows:
After dustbin equipped with kitchen garbage reaches dustbin upper limit position after being promoted by automatic lifting device, by rubbish Automatic-dumping completes entire automatic lifting process on sorting draining platform;Kitchen garbage is on sorting draining platform by Free water Substantially it drains while after manually sorting out the non-degradable ingredient in rubbish, then by manually or mechanically pushing to kitchen rubbish Rubbish crusher is crushed, and crushing rear material is sufficiently dehydrated automatically into squeezing dewatering machine, and usual rubbish can be crushed to For partial size less than 5 centimeters, moisture content is reduced to 75% or less.Dewatered dry material enters hot fermentation warehouse through conveyor screw and mixes Enter strain and carries out automatic composting fermentation.The oily waste water generated in kitchen garbage fermentation process, which collects, enters oil water separator, Since density contrast separates and recovers grease, water drains into sewer;The exhaust gas that fermentation generates can enter biology by venthole Deodorizing case (waste gas treatment tank), malodor molecules dissolution enter water phase, are decomposed under deodorizing microorganism effect to reach deodorization effect Fruit.
Wherein, hot fermentation warehouse is divided into 3 subregions, only material after previous subregion is filled by warehouse demarcation plate Warehouse demarcation plate can just be overflowed across into next subregion, guarantee that material residence time in equipment reaches design time with this, keep away Exempt from the appearance of short flow phenomenon.Air inlet and venthole are equipped at the top of hot fermentation warehouse, air enters hot fermentation by air inlet In warehouse, oxygen needed for supplementing microbial fermentation, while warehouse is discharged from venthole in a large amount of vapor, wherein air inlet is set In first subregion, venthole is set to the last one subregion (i.e. discharge zone).Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation main body is by periphery Device framework support, equipment body is liftoff 30 centimetres be space for maintenance, device framework is made of No. 45 steel square tubes.
Automatic composting fermentation process is mainly completed by hydraulic motor driving stirring main shaft in hot fermentation warehouse, stirring main shaft It is above equidistant that stirring blade is installed;Stirring blade and stirring main shaft are made of 304 stainless steels, stirring blade include connecting rod and Blade, connecting rod one end are fixed with stirring main shaft, and blade is set to the connecting rod other end and inclined square plate shape, i.e. stirring main shaft It is not parallel to the square plate plane of blade.When system high temperature fermentation process carries out, start by set date is complete by setup program for stirring main shaft At positive and negative two-way stirring, so that microorganism comes into full contact with the vapor for reacting and being discharged in material with material.
In integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation stable operation week age, daily 1000 kilograms of kitchen garbage or so of processing, Garbage raw material moisture content is 90% or more, and main component is authority canteen leftovers, at integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation After reason, per day kitchen garbage reduction rate is 91.5% or so, and equipment output object meets organic fertilizer (NY- through third party's detection 525) relevant criterion in.
Above-described embodiment is only used for illustrating the content of the requires of the utility model protection, but is not meant to limit this reality With novel claimed range.The improvement and replacement that those skilled in the art are done within the spirit of the present invention, belong to In protection scope.

Claims (7)

1. integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation, which is characterized in that the equipment includes automatic lifting device (2), sorting draining platform (4), preprocessing part and main fermentation part;Preprocessing part includes machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse (5), squeezing dewatering machine (6) and defeated Square auger (7);Automatic lifting device (2) is set to sorting draining platform (4) side for promoting dustbin (1) to tabletop of platform And topple over, the sorted draining platform (4) of rubbish enters machine for disintegrating kitchen refuse (5) afterwards, and squeezing dewatering machine (6) is set to kitchen rubbish Rubbish crusher (5) exit, conveyor screw (7) both ends connect squeezing dewatering machine (6) outlet and main fermentation partial inlet.
2. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main fermentation part includes Hot fermentation warehouse (16), warehouse demarcation plate (14), stirring main shaft (11);Described stirring main shaft (11) both ends pass through axis respectively It holds (12) and is connected to hot fermentation warehouse (16) side wall, hot fermentation warehouse (16) is divided into several points by warehouse demarcation plate (14) Area, each subregion top connection, on head, subregion upper wall is provided with air inlet (8), and tail portion subregion upper wall is provided with venthole (9);It is stirring It mixes and is provided with several stirring blades (10) on main shaft (11).
3. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that also wrap the main fermentation part Include the hydraulic motor (13) for driving stirring main shaft (11).
4. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that stirring blade (10) packet Connecting rod and blade are included, connecting rod one end and stirring main shaft (11) are fixed, and blade is set to the connecting rod other end and is in square plate shape, stir Mix the square plate plane that main shaft (11) is not parallel to blade.
5. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the mechanism of degradation further includes using In the oil water separator that the waste water during rubbish fermentation is carried out to water-oil separating.
6. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the mechanism of degradation further includes giving up Gas disposal case, waste gas treatment tank are connected with the venthole of hot fermentation warehouse.
7. integration kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the connection squeezing dewatering machine It is obliquely installed with the conveyor screw (7) of main fermentation part in tendency from bottom to top.
CN201820169142.4U 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 Integrated kitchen garbage mechanism of degradation Active CN208146633U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109365492A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-02-22 安徽天健环保股份有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage fast degradation circulation recycling system
CN110404927A (en) * 2019-07-07 2019-11-05 郑州中碳环境治理有限公司 A kind of fruits and vegetables refuse disposal system
CN110756555A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-07 家企乐(广东)环境科技有限公司 Intelligent garbage recycling system
CN111570465A (en) * 2020-04-22 2020-08-25 湖南震宇环保设备有限公司 Full-hydraulic fruit and vegetable processing equipment
CN111842405A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-10-30 广州市绿河环保设备有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment method
CN112058862A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-11 江苏信有达环境设备制造有限公司 Split type equipment for harmless treatment of garbage and garbage treatment method
CN112938251A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-11 北京中源创能工程技术有限公司 Organic garbage collecting, transporting and multi-station type processing system
CN113477673A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-10-08 江门市映日科技有限公司 Commercial kitchen garbage disposal system
CN113896575A (en) * 2021-09-09 2022-01-07 浙江华东工程建设管理有限公司 Perishable garbage machine fertilizer forming equipment and fertilizer forming method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109365492A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-02-22 安徽天健环保股份有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage fast degradation circulation recycling system
CN109365492B (en) * 2018-12-10 2021-02-26 安徽天健环保股份有限公司 Quick degradation cycle recycle system of kitchen garbage
CN110404927A (en) * 2019-07-07 2019-11-05 郑州中碳环境治理有限公司 A kind of fruits and vegetables refuse disposal system
CN110756555A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-07 家企乐(广东)环境科技有限公司 Intelligent garbage recycling system
CN111570465A (en) * 2020-04-22 2020-08-25 湖南震宇环保设备有限公司 Full-hydraulic fruit and vegetable processing equipment
CN111570465B (en) * 2020-04-22 2022-03-18 湖南震宇环保设备有限公司 Full-hydraulic fruit and vegetable processing equipment
CN111842405A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-10-30 广州市绿河环保设备有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment method
CN112058862A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-11 江苏信有达环境设备制造有限公司 Split type equipment for harmless treatment of garbage and garbage treatment method
CN112938251A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-11 北京中源创能工程技术有限公司 Organic garbage collecting, transporting and multi-station type processing system
CN113477673A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-10-08 江门市映日科技有限公司 Commercial kitchen garbage disposal system
CN113896575A (en) * 2021-09-09 2022-01-07 浙江华东工程建设管理有限公司 Perishable garbage machine fertilizer forming equipment and fertilizer forming method

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