CN208121732U - A kind of oil slick collecting device - Google Patents

A kind of oil slick collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208121732U
CN208121732U CN201820481566.4U CN201820481566U CN208121732U CN 208121732 U CN208121732 U CN 208121732U CN 201820481566 U CN201820481566 U CN 201820481566U CN 208121732 U CN208121732 U CN 208121732U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
oil slick
collecting box
collecting
impeller
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CN201820481566.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙继辉
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Ningbo Zhi Chun People Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Ningbo Zhi Chun People Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820481566.4U priority Critical patent/CN208121732U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of oil slick collecting devices, collecting box top surface is higher than the water surface, collecting box bottom surface is lower than the water surface, the water outlet that is used to be discharged water remove oil slick after of the dirt inlet at least one highest point lower than the water surface for collecting the water containing oil slick that at least one minimum point is lower than the water surface is provided on collecting box, impeller is provided at dirt inlet, impeller includes shaft and the blade that is circumferentially positioned in shaft, shaft is located on the water surface, and the central axis of the shaft is parallel with the water surface, the axle center of shaft is less than the radial maximum length of blade to the vertical range of the water surface, the impeller rotary dial water surface enters the water containing oil slick in collecting box, it is provided on collecting box except oil slick mouth, the highest point of dirt inlet is higher than wheel bottom;Oil slick is collected in collecting box, other sewage are then outside water outlet outflow collecting box, its advantage is that floating oil collecting effect is good, be not easy to be blocked, structure is simple, equipment cost is lower, O&M cost is lower, operation energy consumption is lower.

Description

A kind of oil slick collecting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of floater collection devices, more particularly, to a kind of oil slick collecting device.
Background technique
Often there is the case where oil slick pollution in river and lake and the ocean water surface.Oil slick pollution can not only bring water surface sense organ Deteriorate, water reoxygenation ability but will be made to decline, lead to water hypoxia, and then cause water fish shrimp dead, water ecology deteriorates. The major way of floating oil collecting is first is that rush to one piece for oil slick with bars such as bamboo poles, then broken oil slick with tools such as bailers at present It gets;It is handled on the bank second is that being reaped again after being adsorbed oil slick on the water surface with adsorbent materials such as asphalt felts;Third is that using water pump Oil water mixture of the suction at approximately level is to oily-water seperating equipment, and after being handled by oily-water seperating equipment, clear water returns to water body, Oil slick is then trapped separately to be disposed in the device.
Wherein one labor intensity of mode is maximum, general only to use when to small area clean-up of oil spill, is not suitable for larger face Long-pending clean-up of oil spill;Mode two is preferable to the collecting effect of the mineral oil such as petrol and diesel oil, but very poor to the collecting effect of vegetable and animals oils, Its labor intensity is also very big simultaneously, thus in being suitable for, the petrol and diesel oil pollution cleanup of small area, be not suitable for large area or with Animals and plants clean-up of oil spill based on domestic pollution;Mode is third is that the highest method of mechanization degree, in large area, the field of heavily contaminated It closes and uses at most, but when using compared with small area or light pollution occasion, equipment investment cost is excessively high, operating cost is also excessively high, no Only in this way, the more occasion of the garbage on water system jams also easy to happen the problem of.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of structures simply, floating oil collecting effect is good, mechanization Degree is higher, system is not easy to plug, while equipment investment and lower-cost oil slick collecting device.
The utility model solves technical solution used by above-mentioned technical problem:A kind of oil slick collecting device, packet Collecting box is included, the top surface of the collecting box is higher than the water surface, and the bottom surface of the collecting box is lower than the water surface, is arranged on the collecting box There is at least one minimum point to be lower than the water surface at least one highest point lower than the dirt inlet for collecting the water containing oil slick of the water surface Be provided with impeller for the water outlet of the water after removing oil slick be discharged, at the dirt inlet, the impeller includes shaft With the blade being circumferentially positioned in the shaft, the shaft is located on the water surface, and the central axis of the shaft and The water surface is parallel, and the axle center of the shaft is less than the radial maximum length of the blade to the vertical range of the water surface, described The impeller rotary dial water surface enters the water containing oil slick in collecting box, is provided on the collecting box except oil slick mouth, described The highest point of dirt inlet is higher than the wheel bottom.
The highest point of the dirt inlet is higher than the water surface.The structure can allow oil slick to be easier to enter collecting box, to improve Collecting effect.
The upper edge of the dirt inlet and the either flush of the collecting box, the lower edge of the dirt inlet and described The bottom surface of collecting box is concordant.Since dirt inlet area is larger, which can allow large volume of garbage on water to enter collecting box, and And device is less susceptible to block.
The upper edge of the dirt inlet and the either flush of the collecting box are connected with to extension on the dirt inlet The intake chamber stretched, the impeller protrude into the intake chamber.Since dirt inlet area is smaller, which is suitble to garbage on water Lesser occasion;But due to oil slick below the impeller a possibility that bleeder it is smaller, the oil slick capacity of device is larger, To which the cleaning cycle of device is longer.
It is provided with floating body on the outside of the collecting box, is connected between the floating body and the collecting box using fixed It connects.The occasion that the structure is changed greatly in river water level, can be by the height of floating body regulating device, so that device can be same with water level When rise or fall, to maintain the relative altitude of device and the water surface.
It further include driving device, the driving device includes driving motor, the driving motor driving leaf Wheel rotation.
Impeller chimney is provided with above the impeller, the impeller chimney is fixed on the collecting box, the drive Upper cover is provided on dynamic motor.Impeller chimney is set above impeller, upper cover is set on driving motor, leaf can be prevented in this way Wheel, driving motor are chronically exposed to outside, expose to the sun and rain, to reduce the failure rate of device, can also prevent smelly in collecting box Taste leakage.
Oil baffle is provided on the inner wall of the collecting box, the upper edge of the oil baffle is higher than the water surface, the gear The lower edge of oiled-plate method is higher than the lower edge of the collecting box.Collecting box is divided into interior collecting box and outer collecting box by oil baffle;Impeller Oil slick flows into interior collecting box with flowing water below oil baffle when work, and oil slick is received inside by oil baffle gear when impeller stops working It in header, prevents oil slick from flowing backwards, avoids water surface secondary pollution.
The oil slick mouth that removes includes that oil slick salvages mouth and/or oil slick outlet, and the oil slick salvages mouth positioned at described The emersed part of collecting box, the minimum point of the oil slick outlet is located at below the water surface.It can be single on collecting box Solely setting oil slick salvages mouth or oil slick outlet, and oil slick can also be arranged on collecting box simultaneously and salvage mouth and oil slick discharge Mouthful.When removing the oil slick in collecting box, oil slick simply can be pulled out from oil slick salvaging mouth, had the advantages that easy to operate;? Oil slick can be discharged by equipment such as water pumps from oil slick outlet, have the advantages that mechanization degree is high.
The impeller is located on the inside of the collecting box.The structure is sent out when can be to avoid blade rotation with dirt inlet edge The phenomenon that raw shearing rubbish, rubbish is avoided to block impeller, guarantees that impeller works normally.
Compared with prior art, it the utility model has the advantages that mechanization degree is high, may be implemented water endlessly The oil slick in face is introduced and is collected in collecting box, good to the removal effect of oil slick;
The area of section of the water passage of the Inlet and outlet water of the utility model is big, compared to water pump water passage due to impeller Water passage between the pump housing is small, has the advantages that be not easy to blocked, and it is more in garbage on water to improve existing equipment Occasion in use, often by rubbish block and can not normal use situation;
The shaft of the utility model is not easy to the rotatable parts wound by rubbish in water on the water surface, therefore is not easy It is wound and blocked by rubbish in water, improve existing equipment in the more occasion of garbage on water in use, often being wound by rubbish Block and can not normal use situation;
When using the utility model, the rubbish of floating on water can be collected into device together with oil slick, be improved existing Equipment is difficult to collect the situation of garbage on water, reduces garbage on water amount, increases the cleanliness of the water surface;
Since Inlet and outlet water liquid level difference is small, between inlet and outlet, water passage sectional area is big, length is short for the utility model, while mistake Aquaporin is not easy to plug, so that water flow dynamic resistance excessively is smaller, eliminates the higher water pump of energy consumption, and operation energy consumption is greatly lowered, 99% or more energy conservation;
Low energy consumption for the utility model, obvious energy conservation, therefore the power very little needed for most of occasions, is with solar battery It can drive, can be greatly lowered in remote use occasion and connect electric cost;
The utility model structure is simple, and equipment manufacturing costs reduce by one times or more, while equipment being made to be more readily maintained pipe Reason.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram containing impeller chimney of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the bilobed wheel of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram containing intake chamber of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the main view containing intake chamber of the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram containing water fender of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the cross-sectional view of Fig. 7.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with figure embodiment.
Embodiment one:As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of oil slick collecting device, including collecting box 1, collecting box 1 Top surface be higher than the water surface 2, the bottom surface of collecting box 1 is lower than the water surface 2, and the use that a minimum point is lower than the water surface 2 is provided on collecting box 1 In the dirt inlet 3 for collecting the water containing oil slick and a highest point lower than the water surface 2 for the water outlet of the water after removing oil slick to be discharged Mouthfuls 4, it is provided with impeller 5 at dirt inlet 3, impeller 5 includes shaft 51 and the blade 52 that is circumferentially positioned in shaft 51, and shaft 51 On the water surface 2, and the central axis of the shaft 51 is parallel with the water surface 2, the vertical range L1 in the axle center of shaft 51 to the water surface 2 Less than the radial maximum length L2 of blade 52, the 5 rotary dial water surface 2 of impeller enters the water containing oil slick in collecting box 1, collecting box It is provided on 1 except oil slick mouth 6, the highest point of dirt inlet 3 is higher than 5 bottom of impeller.The highest point of dirt inlet 3 is higher than the water surface, into dirt The upper edge of mouth 3 and the either flush of collecting box 1, the lower edge of dirt inlet 3 are concordant with the bottom surface of collecting box 1.Except oil slick mouth 6 includes floating Oil salvages mouth 61 and/or oil slick outlet, and oil slick salvages mouth 61 and is located at the part that collecting box 1 stretches out the water surface 2, and oil slick salvages mouth 61 Positioned at the top surface of collecting box 1, which further includes driving motor 7, and driving motor 7 drives impeller 5 to rotate, and is arranged above impeller 5 There is impeller chimney 8, impeller chimney 8 is fixed on collecting box 1, and upper cover 9 is provided on driving motor 7.Water outlet 4 is the whole of collecting box 1 A bottom surface, impeller 5 are located at 1 inside of collecting box.
Embodiment two:As shown in figure 4, a kind of oil slick collecting device, including collecting box 1, the top surface of collecting box 1 are higher than The water surface 2, the bottom surface of collecting box 1 are lower than the water surface 2, on collecting box 1 setting there are two minimum point lower than the water surface 2 for collecting containing floating The water outlet 4 for being used to be discharged the water after removing oil slick of the dirt inlet 3 of the water of oil and two highest points lower than the water surface 2, dirt inlet 3 Place is provided with impeller 5, and impeller 5 includes shaft 51 and the blade 52 that is circumferentially positioned in shaft 51, shaft 51 be located at the water surface 2 it On, and the central axis of the shaft 51 is parallel with the water surface 2, the vertical range L1 of axle center to the water surface 2 of shaft 51 is less than blade 52 radial maximum length L2, the 5 rotary dial water surface 2 of impeller enter the water containing oil slick in collecting box 1, are arranged on collecting box 1 Have except oil slick mouth 6, the highest point of dirt inlet 3 is higher than 5 bottom of impeller.The highest point of dirt inlet 3 be higher than the water surface, dirt inlet 3 it is upper Along the either flush with collecting box 1, the lower edge of dirt inlet 3 is concordant with the bottom surface of collecting box 1.Except oil slick mouth 6 is salvaged including oil slick Mouth 61 and/or oil slick outlet, oil slick salvage mouth 61 and are located at the part that collecting box 1 stretches out the water surface 2, and oil slick salvages mouth 61 and is located at receipts The top surface of header 1, the device further include driving motor 7, and driving motor 7 drives impeller 5 to rotate, and are provided with impeller above impeller 5 Cover 8, impeller chimney 8 is fixed on collecting box 1, and upper cover 9 is provided on driving motor 7.Water outlet 4 is the entire bottom surface of collecting box 1, Impeller 5 is located at 1 inside of collecting box.
Embodiment three:As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, a kind of oil slick collecting device, including collecting box 1, the top of collecting box 1 Face is higher than the water surface 2, and the bottom surface of collecting box 1 is lower than the water surface 2, and a minimum point is provided on collecting box 1 lower than the water surface for receiving The dirt inlet 3 and a highest point for collecting the water containing oil slick are lower than the water outlet 4 for the water of the water surface 2 being used to be discharged after removal oil slick, Impeller 5 is provided at dirt inlet 3, impeller 5 includes shaft 51 and the blade 52 being circumferentially positioned in shaft 51, and shaft 51 is located at water On face 2, and the central axis of the shaft 51 is parallel with the water surface 2, and the vertical range L1 of axle center to the water surface 2 of shaft 51 is less than The radial maximum length L2 of blade 52, the 5 rotary dial water surface 2 of impeller enters the water containing oil slick in collecting box 1, on collecting box 1 It is provided with except oil slick mouth 6, the highest point of dirt inlet 3 is higher than 5 bottom of impeller.The highest point of dirt inlet 3 is higher than the water surface, dirt inlet 3 Upper edge and the either flush of collecting box 1, be connected with outwardly extending intake chamber 10 on dirt inlet 3, impeller 5 protrudes into intake chamber 10 It is interior.Except oil slick mouth 6 includes that oil slick salvages mouth 61 and/or oil slick outlet, oil slick salvages mouth 61 and is located at the stretching water surface 2 of collecting box 1 Part, oil slick salvages mouth 61 and is located at the top surface of collecting box 1, which further includes driving motor 7, the driving impeller 5 of driving motor 7 It rotates, is provided with impeller chimney 8 above impeller 5, impeller chimney 8 is fixed on collecting box 1, and upper cover 9 is provided on driving motor 7.Out The mouth of a river 4 is the entire bottom surface of collecting box 1, and impeller 5 is located at 1 inside of collecting box.
Example IV:Other structures are identical as embodiment one, embodiment two or embodiment three, the difference is that collecting The outside of case 1 is provided with floating body(It is not shown in figure), floating body(It is not shown in figure)It uses and is fixedly connected between collecting box 1.
Embodiment five:Other structures are identical as embodiment one, embodiment two, embodiment three or example IV, such as Fig. 7 and figure Shown in 8, oil baffle 11 is provided on the inner wall of collecting box 1, the upper edge of oil baffle 11 is higher than the water surface 2, and the lower edge of oil baffle 11 is high In the lower edge of collecting box 1.
It should be noted that driving device be also possible to other can drive impeller 5 rotate device, dirt inlet 3 or into Grid has also can be set in the water inlet of sink 10.The embodiments of the present invention has been made specifically in conjunction with attached drawing above It is bright, but the utility model is not limited to described embodiment.For a person skilled in the art, do not depart from it is practical In the case where new principle and spirit, a variety of change, modification, replacement and modification are carried out to these embodiments, still fall within this reality With in novel protection scope.
Working principle:
The device is put into the water body containing oil slick and is fixed, while guaranteeing that the shaft 51 of impeller 5 is higher than the water surface 2 and leaf Piece 52 can push the water surface 2 when rotating, so that oil slick can smoothly enter into collecting box 1;When work, impeller 5 is driven by driving device to be revolved Turn, by near dirt inlet 3 superficial water and oil slick dial in collecting box 1;Into collecting box 1 oil slick due to specific gravity it is relatively light constantly Be collected at 1 top of collecting box, into collecting box 1 water due to specific gravity it is larger, receipts are flowed to by the water outlet 4 of 1 lower part of collecting box Outside header 1;Although device can only be drawn onto the water surface 2 near dirt inlet 3, since oil slick is in the diffusion and water of the water surface 2 The oil slick of the effect of 2 wind-force of face, other waters surface 2 can constantly reach 3 periphery of dirt inlet, thus can also be captured by device, thus Realization endlessly dials in the oil slick of the water surface 2, rubbish in collecting box 11, plays the role of purifying the water surface 2;In collecting box 1 The oil slick gathered periodically can salvage mouth by the oil slick on 1 top of collecting box and salvage removal processing, can also be by collecting box 1 Oil slick outlet pump-and-treat system.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of oil slick collecting device, it is characterised in that including collecting box, the top surface of the collecting box is higher than the water surface, institute The bottom surface for the collecting box stated is lower than the water surface, at least one minimum point is provided on the collecting box lower than the water surface for collecting The water outlet for being used to be discharged the water after removing oil slick of the dirt inlet of water containing oil slick and at least one highest point lower than the water surface, institute It is provided with impeller at the dirt inlet stated, the impeller includes shaft and the blade that is circumferentially positioned in the shaft, described Shaft be located on the water surface, and the central axis of the shaft is parallel with the water surface, axle center the hanging down to the water surface of the shaft Straight distance is less than the radial maximum length of the blade, and the impeller rotary dial water surface makes the water containing oil slick enter collection In case, it is provided on the collecting box except oil slick mouth, the highest point of the dirt inlet is higher than the wheel bottom.
2. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the highest point of the dirt inlet Higher than the water surface.
3. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the upper edge of the dirt inlet with The either flush of the collecting box, the lower edge of the dirt inlet are concordant with the bottom surface of the collecting box.
4. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the upper edge of the dirt inlet with The either flush of the collecting box is connected with outwardly extending intake chamber on the dirt inlet, and the impeller protrudes into institute In the intake chamber stated.
5. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set on the outside of the collecting box It is equipped with floating body, uses and is fixedly connected between the floating body and the collecting box.
6. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that it further include driving device, it is described Driving device includes driving motor, the driving motor driving impeller rotation.
7. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that be provided with above the impeller Impeller chimney, the impeller chimney are fixed on the collecting box, are provided with upper cover on the driving motor.
8. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on the inner wall of the collecting box It is provided with oil baffle, the upper edge of the oil baffle is higher than the water surface, and the lower edge of the oil baffle is higher than the collecting box Lower edge.
9. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the oil slick mouth that removes includes floating Oil salvages mouth and/or oil slick outlet, and the oil slick salvages mouth and is located at the emersed part of collecting box, described The minimum point of oil slick outlet is located at below the water surface.
10. a kind of oil slick collecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the impeller is located at described On the inside of collecting box.
CN201820481566.4U 2018-04-04 2018-04-04 A kind of oil slick collecting device Active CN208121732U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820481566.4U CN208121732U (en) 2018-04-04 2018-04-04 A kind of oil slick collecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820481566.4U CN208121732U (en) 2018-04-04 2018-04-04 A kind of oil slick collecting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208121732U true CN208121732U (en) 2018-11-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110645148A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-03 浙江海洋大学 Offshore wind driven generator capable of removing sea surface garbage
CN112376527A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-19 龙艳 Water conservancy ditch rubbish cleaning device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110645148A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-03 浙江海洋大学 Offshore wind driven generator capable of removing sea surface garbage
CN112376527A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-02-19 龙艳 Water conservancy ditch rubbish cleaning device

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