CN208105171U - A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208105171U
CN208105171U CN201820618437.5U CN201820618437U CN208105171U CN 208105171 U CN208105171 U CN 208105171U CN 201820618437 U CN201820618437 U CN 201820618437U CN 208105171 U CN208105171 U CN 208105171U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
snow
ice
stage
efficient integration
conveying
Prior art date
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CN201820618437.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹卫东
李娜
荆玉才
李传夫
韩琦
盖国晖
Original Assignee
山东大学
山东高速青岛公路有限公司
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Application filed by 山东大学, 山东高速青岛公路有限公司 filed Critical 山东大学
Priority to CN201820618437.5U priority Critical patent/CN208105171U/en
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Publication of CN208105171U publication Critical patent/CN208105171U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow to handle vehicle, it solves the problems, such as that snow melting vehicle has a single function in the prior art, needs secondary conveying, processing covering velocity of snow slower, and the ice and snow after having the effect of capable of accelerating the thawing speed of ice and snow, thawing is not necessarily to secondary conveying, realizes effective integrated processing ice and snow;Its technical solution is:Snow-removing device, including snow removing bucket and power device, power device collect accumulated snow for snow removing bucket and provide power;Deicer, including icecap, conveying device and grinding device, icecap top install vibration device, vibrate it uniformly while ice-breaking;Broken ice is transported to grinding device through conveying device;Ice and snow processing unit receives the accumulated snow that snow removing bucket is collected and the ice slag that grinding device transports including agitating device and with the fusion tank of heating layer, and heating stirring is discharged after mixing.

Description

A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle

Technical field

The utility model relates to road device for melting snow technical fields more particularly to a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow to handle Vehicle.

Background technique

In the universal snowfall of northern China winter, especially some extremely frigid zones, the snowfall phase is up to 5~6 months.Accumulated snow is to city City's road and people's trip bring great inconvenience, seriously block the traffic, Traffic Accidents is caused to repeated.Therefore, exist Northern China cleaning snow in winter is traffic management department, even the top priority of department of government concerned.

Nowadays the mode of domestic common processing accumulated snow is generally spraying snow-melting agent and uses snow sweeper.Deicing salt is mainly Chloride salt deicing salt, usage mode be usually be sprayed directly on road surface, but deicing salt not only road pavement cause it is certain Harm, also will cause environmental pollution;General snow shoveling machine is usually the two sides accumulation that snow is swept to road, is then passing through other fortune Accumulated snow is transported to designated place by defeated tool, the disadvantage is that accumulated snow can reduce the utilization rate in road automobile road, occupies pavement, It is secondary transport it is time-consuming and laborious etc..

Currently, the domestic snow melting vehicle for having many types, but it is most of have a single function, need many and diverse subsequent such as secondary conveying Work, processing covering velocity of snow is slow, and required power-equipment energy consumption is serious and pollutes environment, considers classification processing ice and snow, causes Unnecessary energy waste.The utility model propose in view of the above problems science processing method, scene quickly snow removing, deicing, Thawing and post-processing etc. realize that ice and snow handles institutional operation under urban road bad weather.

Utility model content

In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides, and a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow handles vehicle, It has the ice and snow after the thawing speed that can accelerate ice and snow, thawing without secondary conveying, realizes effective integrated processing ice The effect of snow.

The utility model adopts the following technical solutions:

A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle, including:

Snow-removing device, including snow removing bucket and power device, power device collect accumulated snow for snow removing bucket and provide power;

Deicer, including icecap, conveying device and grinding device, icecap top install vibration device, make its It is uniformly vibrated while ice-breaking;Broken ice is transported to grinding device through conveying device;

Ice and snow processing unit receives the accumulated snow that snow removing bucket is collected including agitating device and with the fusion tank of heating layer The ice slag transported with grinding device, heating stirring are discharged after mixing.

Further, the icecap includes roller, and the circumferential direction of roller has several ice-breaking protrusions;The both ends of the roller It is rotatablely connected with guiding axis, the guiding axis is connected with the support platform inside vibration device.

Further, the vibration device includes shell, and the two sides of shell have pilot hole, and the inside of shell has support Platform, the top and bottom of the support platform pass through spring respectively and are connected with shell;Vibration device can make icecap broken Uniformly vibration auxiliary ice-breaking is generated during ice.

Further, the pilot hole is ellipse.

Further, the agitating device is set to inside fusion tank, including multiple helical blades.

Further, the inside of the fusion tank has deicing salt, accelerates the thawing speed of ice slag and snow, and can be straight Run in except free from environmental pollution.

Further, the grinding device is set between fusion tank and conveying device, including the powder driven by driving device Broken roller bearing, the circumferential direction for crushing roller bearing have flexible chain, and flexible chain is maximum with roller bearing rotating link chain tip speed, is crushed at this time The ability of ice cube is most strong, lashes formula crushing effect, can preferably improve the ability for crushing ice cube.

Further, the power device is blower, and blower is connected by snow output tube with snow removing bucket.

Further, the snow output tube has telescopic segment.

Further, clearing apparatus is installed in the side of the snow removing bucket.

Further, the side of the fusion tank has outlet, installs valve on the outlet.

Further, the end installation activity push plate of the conveying device, the adjustable angle of the movable push.

The working principle of the utility model is:

When making, snow removing bucket collects accumulated snow for ice and snow processing turner, using blower make snow removing struggle against in accumulated snow via snow output tube into Enter inside fusion tank, clearing apparatus cleans remaining accumulated snow;Meanwhile it vibrating after ice is crushed by icecap and being received through movable push Collection will be transported to grinding device except the rubble ice collected by movable push, ice cube be ground into ice slag, is finally delivered to thawing In case;Fusion tank is provided with certain density environment-friendly snowmelt agent, and agitating device, heating layer is cooperated quickly to melt ice slag and snow Change;Slush mixture after thawing is discharged into sewer or after filtering secondary use by discharge outlet.

Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:

(1) the utility model can be classified processing ice and snow, and when road snow does not freeze also, only snow removing equipment starts work Make, deicing equipment is in standby;When freezing, snow removing equipment disposes upper layer accumulated snow, and deicing equipment enters at this time Working condition, ice and snow are handled together;Classification processing can be to avoid unnecessary energy waste caused by equipment linkage in single situation;

(2) the utility model can efficiently handle ice and snow, and large-scale ice cube can be ground into tiny ice slag through grinding device, double It is crushed again, fusion tank has heating layer, agitating device and a certain concentration deicing salt, and three's cooperating improves ice dissolution speed Degree;

(3) the utility model can will secondary use after treated ice and snow mixing liquid is emitted into sewer or filtering, Without secondary conveying, the occupancy of accumulation and later period ice and snow disposal field is reduced, whole process realizes integrated treatment;

(4) ice and snow can be transported to fusion tank automatically by the utility model, save human resources, high-efficient;Without a large amount of Extra power, it is environmentally protective, it reduces environmental pollution;

(5) the utility model integration degree is higher, figure is relatively small, low cost, is suitable for urban road, can produce Raw preferable economic benefit and social benefit.

Detailed description of the invention

The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the conveying device side view of the utility model;

Fig. 3 is the conveying device top view of the utility model;

Fig. 4 is the icecap side view of the utility model;

Fig. 5 is the icecap main view of the utility model;

Fig. 6 is the grinding device structural schematic diagram of the utility model;

Wherein, 1- snow removing bucket, 2- telescoping tube, 3- snow output tube, 4- blower, 5- vibration device, 6- icecap, 7- activity push away Plate, 8- conveying device, 9- grinding device, 10- flexible chain, 11- agitating device, 12- deicing salt mixed solution, 13- valve, 14- spring, 15- ice-breaking protrusion, 16- pilot hole, 17- support platform, 18- guiding axis, 19- fusion tank, 20- clearing apparatus.

Specific embodiment

It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.

It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.

As background technique is introduced, snow melting vehicle exists in the prior art and has a single function, need secondary conveying, processing product Slow deficiency is avenged, in order to solve technical problem as above, present applicant proposes at a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow Manage vehicle.

In a kind of typical embodiment of the application, as shown in figs 1 to 6, a kind of multi-stage, efficient integrated ice is provided Snow processing vehicle, including car body, snow-removing device, deicer and ice and snow processing unit, the deicer include icecap, vibration Device and grinding device, the snow-removing device include snow removing bucket 1, snow output tube 3 and power device.

One end connection snow removing bucket 1 of the snow output tube 3, the other end of snow output tube 3 is connected to ice and snow processing unit;Snow output tube 3 have vertical section and horizontal segment, vertical section connection snow removing bucket 1, and it has telescoping tube 2 between snow removing bucket 1, can be according to difference The height of Snow Thickness adjustment snow removing bucket;3 horizontal segment connecting power device of snow output tube, the power device are blower 4, the wind Machine 4 is fixed on the top of car body.

Clearing apparatus 20 is installed in the lower part side of the snow removing bucket 1, and the clearing apparatus 20 can be brush sweeper, is used for The cleaning of remaining accumulated snow.

The deicer includes icecap 6, vibration device 5, conveying device 9 and grinding device, and icecap 6 is located at conveying The front side (before being with headstock direction) of device 9, grinding device are located at the rear side of conveying device 9;Conveying device 9 is obliquely installed, and is used In the ice cube scooped up is delivered to grinding device.

Icecap 6 is installed on vehicle bottom, and as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, vibration device 5 is installed at the top of icecap 6, described Icecap 6 includes roller, and the circumferential direction of roller has several equally distributed ice-breaking protrusions 15;The both ends of the roller and guiding axis 18 rotation connections, the guiding axis 18 are connected with the support platform 17 inside vibration device 5.

The vibration device 5 includes shell, and the two sides of shell have the pilot hole 16 of ellipse, and the inside of shell has branch Platform 17 is supportted, the top and bottom of the support platform 17 pass through spring 14 respectively and are connected with shell, and spring 14 makes support platform 17 drive guiding axis 18 and roller uniformly to vibrate along about 16 pilot hole, accelerate ice-breaking.

The power of icecap 6 is provided by automobile engine, and the roller bearing of centre of the drum passes through tape handler and car engine Machine connection, transmits power.

The conveying device 8 connects movable push 7, and movable push 7 has the groove for accommodating ice cube, movable push 7 It is rotatablely connected with conveying device 8, and provides rotational power by motor, realize adjustable angle;When ice cube accumulation to a certain extent, protect Card will not be overflowed from two sides, and movable push 7 is lifted at this time, vertical with conveying device 8, and ice cube is transported to powder by conveying device 8 In crushing device;Movable push 7 returns to initial position and continues to shovel ice later.

The conveying device 8 can using conveyer mechanism or other can be realized material conveying structure.

As shown in fig. 6, the grinding device includes the crushing roller bearing driven by driving device, the circumferential direction for crushing roller bearing has Flexible chain 10, the driving device are motor, and motor is connected with roller bearing is crushed, and crush roller bearing rotation by motor driven, from And the rotation of flexible chain 10 is driven to crush ice cube.

Using flexible chain 10, phenomena such as causing machine to be stopped transport because of strong contact will not occur, and turn with roller bearing is crushed The speed of dynamic 10 end of flexible chain is maximum, and the ability for being crushed ice cube is most strong, has and lashes formula crushing effect, can be more preferable Raising crush ice cube ability, flexible chain 10 can be replaced at any time, convenient and simple.

The ice and snow processing unit includes fusion tank 19 and agitating device 11, and fusion tank 19 is set to vehicle body, described to melt Change the top of case 19, car body top is equipped with and falls into fusion tank 19 with 3 horizontal segment communication port of snow output tube, accumulated snow through communication port;Institute The inner wall for stating fusion tank 19 has heating layer, and agitating device 11 is installed on inside fusion tank 19.

Deicing salt is filled inside fusion tank 19, the thawing speed of ice slag and snow can be accelerated, and can directly exclude not Pollute environment;Deicing salt and snow, smashed ice form deicing salt mixed liquor 12, cooperation heating layer, stirring in fusion tank 19 Device 11 accelerates ice dissolution.

The side of the fusion tank 19 has outlet, valve 13 is installed on outlet, after environment-friendly snowmelt agent melts Snow-broth is discharged through outlet and can be recycled, and protects environment and alleviates and uses water pressure.

Heating layer is made of electric heating mesh sheet, can freely adjust temperature;Erosion resistant coating is arranged in the inside of heating layer, fusion tank 19 Outside has insulating layer.

The agitating device 11 includes helical blade, and helical blade is driven by automobile engine, saves motor driven dress It sets;Automobile engine is connected by gear drive or chain-drive mechanism with helical blade;Spiral shell is driven by automobile engine The mixture of ice slag, snow and water in vane piece uniform stirring fusion tank 19.

When road snow does not freeze also, ice and snow handles vehicle, and only snow-removing device is started to work, and deicer is in standby shape State.

When freezing, snow-removing device disposes upper layer accumulated snow, and deicer enters working condition at this time, and ice and snow is together Processing, concrete processing procedure are:

Snow removing bucket 1 collects accumulated snow, enters the accumulated snow in snow removing bucket 1 inside fusion tank via snow output tube 3 using blower 4, Clearing apparatus cleans remaining accumulated snow.

Icecap 6 is collected after being crushed ice through movable push 7, and trash ice is pushed to crushing along guide rail 8 by movable push 7 Device 9;Agitating device 11 cooperates heating layer and deicing salt mixed liquor 12 by ice and snow fast melt.

Slush mixture after thawing is discharged into sewer or after filtering secondary use by discharge outlet 3.

The application be suitable for urban road ice and snow handle, use manpower and material resources sparingly, realize multi-stage, efficient integration, have compared with Good promotion prospect.

The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow handles vehicle, which is characterized in that including:
Snow-removing device, including snow removing bucket and power device, power device collect accumulated snow for snow removing bucket and provide power;
Deicer, including icecap conveying device and grinding device, icecap top install vibration device, make it in ice-breaking Uniformly vibration simultaneously;Broken ice is transported to grinding device through conveying device;
Ice and snow processing unit receives accumulated snow and powder that snow removing bucket is collected including agitating device and with the fusion tank of heating layer The ice slag that crushing device transports, heating stirring are discharged after mixing.
2. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the icecap packet Roller is included, the circumferential direction of roller has several ice-breaking protrusions;The both ends of the roller and guiding axis are rotatablely connected, the guiding axis with Support platform inside vibration device is connected.
3. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 2 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the vibration device Including shell, the two sides of shell have pilot hole, and the inside of shell has support platform, the top and bottom of the support platform It is connected respectively by spring with shell.
4. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 3 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the pilot hole is Ellipse.
5. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the agitating device Inside fusion tank, including multiple helical blades;There is deicing salt in the fusion tank.
6. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the grinding device Between fusion tank and conveying device, including the crushing roller bearing driven by driving device, the circumferential direction for crushing roller bearing has flexibility Chain.
7. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the power device For blower, blower is connected by snow output tube with snow removing bucket.
8. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 7 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the snow output tube tool There is telescopic segment.
9. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the fusion tank Side has outlet, installs valve on the outlet.
10. a kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow according to claim 1 handles vehicle, which is characterized in that the conveying dress The end installation activity push plate set, the adjustable angle of the movable push.
CN201820618437.5U 2018-04-27 2018-04-27 A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle CN208105171U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820618437.5U CN208105171U (en) 2018-04-27 2018-04-27 A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108343023A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-07-31 山东大学 A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle
CN110396976A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-11-01 赵金荣 A kind of towed road snow-clearing equipment
CN110512559A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-11-29 安徽建筑大学城市建设学院 A kind of anti-freeze road surface snow removal equipment
CN110541387A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-06 东莞市亿玩劳保用品有限公司 automatic cleaning device along railway

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108343023A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-07-31 山东大学 A kind of multi-stage, efficient integration ice and snow processing vehicle
CN110396976A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-11-01 赵金荣 A kind of towed road snow-clearing equipment
CN110512559A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-11-29 安徽建筑大学城市建设学院 A kind of anti-freeze road surface snow removal equipment
CN110541387A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-06 东莞市亿玩劳保用品有限公司 automatic cleaning device along railway

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