CN208083754U - A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool - Google Patents

A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208083754U
CN208083754U CN201820466929.7U CN201820466929U CN208083754U CN 208083754 U CN208083754 U CN 208083754U CN 201820466929 U CN201820466929 U CN 201820466929U CN 208083754 U CN208083754 U CN 208083754U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
positioning
knocker
workbench
clamping
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CN201820466929.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安保芹
于向蕾
李彦波
孙亚平
杨香玉
石胜达
楚淑云
杨庆鹏
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Lingyun Industrial Ltd By Share Ltd Automotive Parts Research And Development Branch
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Lingyun Industrial Ltd By Share Ltd Automotive Parts Research And Development Branch
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of automobile knockers to process positioning tool, including workbench, multiple support adsorbing mechanisms, pre-locating mechanism and clamping positioning mechanism, workbench is used to support the knocker being spliced by polylith plate, at least provided with two support adsorbing mechanisms on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence, at least provided with a pre-locating mechanism on the workbench of every piece of plate of correspondence, pre-locating mechanism includes positioning pin, the dowel hole passed through for positioning pin is correspondingly provided on plate, clamping positioning mechanism includes clamping plate and clamping cylinder.Every piece of plate of the utility model composition knocker all undergoes positioning pin pre-determined bit, support absorption and clamping and positioning, not only ensure every piece of plate accurate positioning, and the docking between adjacent plate is accurate, plate will not overlap overlapping, ensure that the welding of plate is convenient in the gap between adjacent two plate within allowable error, to mitigate the weight of knocker, mitigate knocker processing cost.

Description

A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of automobile knockers to process positioning tool, belong to auto parts and components processing technique field.
Background technology
Automobile knocker is not only the important composition part of body of a motor car, and is driven to car when side impact occurs for automobile The safety of the person of sailing and passenger play crucial protective effect.
Currently, there are two types of car door loop forming modes:One is the shape being unfolded according to automobile knocker, a blanking, so Thermoforming afterwards, since knocker size is larger, blanking operation causes a large amount of wastes of steel;Another kind is by each of automobile knocker Part forms independent blanking, then independent thermoforming, then again by a overlap joint that partly overlaps, finally uses spot welding work station will The finished parts spot welding of each section is fixed to form the big assembly of knocker.The forming technology of this big assembly of knocker is in order to meet spot welding need It asks, the junction of each component part mutually overlaps overlapping, causes automobile knocker overall weight to aggravate, equally causes a large amount of of steel Waste.How under the premise of ensureing knocker intensity, each plate of knocker can directly be docked precise positioning, meet spot welding and want It asks, then mitigating the weight of knocker, reduces knocker cost, therefore need a kind of tooling that can realize the accurate fixed of knocker, make composition door Each plate closed butt joint of ring, accurate positioning.
Utility model content
The utility model avoids plate overlapped automobile in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, provide a kind of positioning datum Knocker processes positioning tool.
The technical solution that the utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool, packet Multiple support adsorbing mechanisms, pre-locating mechanism and the clamping positioning mechanism for including workbench, being arranged on workbench, the work The knocker being spliced by polylith plate is used to support as platform, on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence At least provided with two support adsorbing mechanisms, at least provided with one on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence A pre-locating mechanism, the pre-locating mechanism include positioning pin, is correspondingly provided on the plate and is passed through for positioning pin Dowel hole, the clamping positioning mechanism include clamping plate for being positioned to slab edge and for driving clamping plate dynamic The clamping cylinder of work, the clamping cylinder are mounted on the workbench, the piston of the clamping plate and the clamping cylinder Bar connects.
In order to reduce knocker processing cost, knocker is merotomized, the independent blanking of each section, therefore need to each portion The plate divided is positioned to form a supporting plane in multiple support adsorbing mechanisms in spot welding, workbench, can lead to It crosses manipulator or manually first piece of plate is placed on support adsorbing mechanism, realized to the by the positioning pin of pre-locating mechanism First piece of plate is sucked for the pre-determined bit of one piece of plate, support adsorbing mechanism, effect pair first piece of the clamping plate in clamping cylinder First piece of sheet material clamping is completed the positioning of first piece of plate by the edge action of plate;By second piece of plate and first piece of plate Commissure is stitched together, and is pre-positioned by pre-locating mechanism positioning pin, then supports adsorbing mechanism effect by second piece Plate is sucked, and then the edge of second piece of plate of clamping positioning mechanism pair is clamped, and same mode realizes remaining intermediate plate The positioning of material docks last block plate due to also needing to, the accumulation of error, last possible block plate with first piece of plate There can be certain squeezing action power to first piece of plate, cause the two gap to increase and be unfavorable for welding, therefore positioned in first piece of plate When can be last block plate it is opposite side setting clamping positioning mechanism, start the clamping when last block plate positions Detent mechanism, which not only has clamping action, but also also has the active force for being directed toward last block plate, ensures most The weld seam butt-joint clearance of latter piece of plate and first piece of plate is small, is conducive to the welding of plate.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:Successively the plate of knocker splice by the processing positioning tool and be determined Position, every piece of plate all undergo positioning pin pre-determined bit, support absorption and clamping and positioning, not only ensure every piece of plate accurate positioning, and And the docking between adjacent plate is accurate, plate will not overlap overlapping, it is ensured that the gap between adjacent two plate is in allowable error Within be convenient for the welding of plate to mitigate knocker processing cost to mitigate the weight of knocker.
Based on the above technical solution, the utility model can also do following improvement.
Further, further include splicing the removable detent mechanism of side for positioning first piece of plate and second piece of plate, The removable detent mechanism includes lifting cylinder and two positioning columns, and two positioning columns pass through lifter plate and the lifting The piston rod of cylinder connects, and the lifting cylinder is connect by lifting cylinder mounting plate with the workbench.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is, since first piece of plate is positioning datum, in order to ensure plate Precise positioning, therefore splicing side weld with the second plate is used for the first plate and is specially positioned, removable detent mechanism Lifting cylinder effect, two positioning columns can be to splicing side positioning, and then clamping positioning mechanism is realized to the edge of first piece of plate Pinching action;When second piece of plate to be positioned, the lifting cylinder for moving detent mechanism declines, second piece of plate and first block of plate Material docking, continues the positioning of second piece of plate, moves detent mechanism under the premise of ensureing first piece of plate accurate positioning, no The butt junction location of adjacent plate can be interfered.
Further, the pre-locating mechanism further includes the driving cylinder for controlling positioning pin action, the driving gas The cylinder body of cylinder is by driving cylinder mounting plate to be connect with the workbench, the piston rod and the positioning pin of the driving cylinder Connection.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is, when pre-locating mechanism acts on, drives cylinder movement, on positioning pin It rises, the dowel hole on plate is passed through to realize the pre-determined bit to plate, can be adopted when positioning according to location requirement, first piece of plate With two positioning pins, respectively master positioning pin and secondary positioning pin realizes the pre-determined bit to first piece of plate;Remaining plate is due to meeting It is acted on by the plate having had good positioning adjacent thereto, a positioning pin may be used and positioned.
Further, the support adsorbing mechanism is electromagnet or Pneumatic suction cup.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is, when using electromagnet, plate can be adsorbed and be positioned by energization, gas Dynamic sucker can also realize the support suction-operated to plate.
Further, the multiple profiling locating pieces being additionally provided on the workbench on the inside of for auxiliary positioning knocker.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is that profiling locating piece is specifically mounted on the work on the inside of knocker plate On platform, the positioning to the plate of knocker is further realized.
Further, the knocker is spliced by 3-6 block plates.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is, knocker can be required according to the intensity of knocker and processing cost etc. into The different segmentation of row.
Further, the workbench is equipped with installation window.
Advantageous effect using above-mentioned further scheme is that installation window can be used for installing clamping positioning mechanism, move Detent mechanism and pre-locating mechanism can realize each self-locating function, facilitate the installation of each detent mechanism, also ensure simultaneously The support strength of workbench.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the pre-locating mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the clamping positioning mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the removable detent mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the deployed configuration schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the quadruple knocker of the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model knocker B column plates positioning;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model knocker sill plate anticipates position;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model knocker H column plates positioning;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model knocker A column plates positioning.
In figure, 1, workbench;2, adsorbing mechanism is supported;3, pre-locating mechanism;31, positioning pin;32, stub;33, secondary Pin;34, cylinder is driven;35, cylinder mounting plate is driven;4, clamping positioning mechanism;41, clamping plate;42, clamping cylinder;43, it clamps Cylinder mounting plate;5, detent mechanism is moved;51, lifting cylinder;52, positioning column;53, lifter plate;54, lifting cylinder is installed Plate;6, profiling locating piece;7, window is installed;8, knocker;81, B columns plate;82, threshold plate;83, H columns plate;84, A columns plate Material;85, dowel hole.
Specific implementation mode
The principles of the present invention and feature are described below in conjunction with example, example is served only for explaining this practicality It is novel, it is not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, a kind of automobile knocker processes positioning tool, including workbench 1, setting are on workbench Multiple support adsorbing mechanisms 2, pre-locating mechanism 3 and clamping positioning mechanism 4, the workbench is used to support by polylith plate The knocker being spliced adsorbs on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence at least provided with two supports Mechanism, it is described pre- at least provided with a pre-locating mechanism on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence Detent mechanism includes positioning pin 31, and the dowel hole 85 passed through for positioning pin is correspondingly provided on the plate, and described clamp is determined Position mechanism includes the clamping plate 41 for being positioned to slab edge and the clamping cylinder 42 for driving clamping plate to act, institute It states clamping cylinder to connect with the workbench by clamping cylinder mounting plate 43, the work of the clamping plate and the clamping cylinder Stopper rod connects.
Further include the removable detent mechanism 5 for splicing side for positioning first piece of plate, the removable detent mechanism packet Include lifting cylinder 51 and two positioning columns 52, the piston rod that two positioning columns pass through lifter plate 53 and the lifting cylinder Connection, the lifting cylinder are connect by lifting cylinder mounting plate 54 with the workbench.Since first piece of plate is positioning Benchmark in order to ensure the precise positioning of plate, therefore is used to the splicing side that the second plate welds specially determine to the first plate Position moves the lifting cylinder effect of detent mechanism, and two positioning columns can be to splicing side positioning, then clamping positioning mechanism realization pair The edge pinching action of first piece of plate;When second piece of plate to be positioned, the lifting cylinder for moving detent mechanism declines, and second Block plate is docked with first piece of plate, continues the positioning of second piece of plate, is moved detent mechanism and is being ensured that first piece of plate is fixed Under the premise of level is true, the butt junction location of adjacent plate will not be interfered.
The pre-locating mechanism 3 further includes the driving cylinder 34 for controlling positioning pin action, the cylinder of the driving cylinder By driving cylinder mounting plate 35 to be connect with the workbench, the piston rod of the driving cylinder connects body with the positioning pin It connects.When pre-locating mechanism acts on, cylinder movement, positioning pin is driven to rise, the dowel hole on plate is passed through to realize to plate Pre-determined bit can use two positioning pins, respectively stub 32 and secondary pin 33 real according to location requirement, first piece of plate when positioning Now to the pre-determined bit of first piece of plate;Remaining plate, can be with due to that can be acted on by the plate having had good positioning adjacent thereto It is positioned using a positioning pin.
The support adsorbing mechanism is electromagnet or Pneumatic suction cup.When using electromagnet, it is fixed that energization can adsorb plate Position, Pneumatic suction cup can also realize the support suction-operated to plate.
Multiple profiling locating pieces 6 for auxiliary positioning knocker are additionally provided on the workbench.Multiple profilings are fixed Position block is arranged on the inside of the knocker.Profiling locating piece is specifically mounted on the workbench on the inside of knocker plate, further real The now positioning on the inside of ring flat-plate material on the door.
The knocker is spliced by 3-6 block plates.Knocker can be carried out according to requirements such as the intensity of knocker and processing costs Different segmentations.
The workbench is equipped with multiple installation windows 7.Installation window can be used for installing clamping positioning mechanism, move Detent mechanism and pre-locating mechanism can realize each self-locating function, facilitate the installation of each detent mechanism, also ensure simultaneously The support strength of workbench.
As shown in fig. 6, knocker 8 is made of four parts, respectively A columns, B columns, H columns and threshold when, according to the composition of knocker A columns plate 84, B columns plate 81, H columns plate 83 and the threshold plate 82 of size needed for being obtained respectively from plank;Workbench On multiple support adsorbing mechanisms formed a supporting plane, can be put by manipulator or manually by first piece of plate B column plate It sets on the supporting plane that corresponding support adsorbing mechanism is formed, the pre- of B column plates is completed by master positioning pin and secondary positioning pin Positioning, after B column plates are completed to be pre-positioned, support adsorbing mechanism electromagnet is powered, and B column plates are adsorbed on supporting plane, Then the lifting cylinder for moving detent mechanism rises, and positioning column carries out precise positioning to the splicing side of B column plates, then B columns The clamping positioning mechanism effect of plate both sides clamps B column plates, realizes the positioning of B column plates, sees Fig. 7;Removable detent mechanism Lifting cylinder reset, manipulator or manually place second piece of plate threshold plate, sold out by the positioning below threshold plate At the pre-determined bit of threshold plate, then threshold plate and the commissure of B column plates are stitched together, below corresponding threshold plate Support adsorbing mechanism to be powered, threshold plate adsorbed, the lower surface of threshold plate and the column plate lower surfaces B in same level, The positioning for completing threshold plate, the clamping positioning mechanism action being arranged in threshold slab edge clamp threshold, see Fig. 8;Then It is the positioning of H column plates, it is identical as sill plate material positioning method, see Fig. 9;Finally the positioning of A column plates, positioning method with Sill plate material positioning method is identical, only because the accumulation of error, when A column plates position, between A columns plate and B column plates between Gap will increase, the extruding in order to avoid A columns plate to B column plates, influence the precision of B column plates or gap mistake between the two Greatly, it is unfavorable for welding, therefore just in B columns plate, folder is arranged in the side far from A column plates when first piece of plate B column plate positions Tight detent mechanism, the clamping positioning mechanism not only have clamping action, are also vertically protected with weld seam and the thrust in direction A columns direction Gap between card A columns plate and B column plates meets welding demand, sees Figure 10.Wait for the plate butt junction location of above-mentioned composition knocker After accurate, each plate weld seam that positioning is completed forward is welded successively according to plate positioning using laser assembly solder machine, to complete The welding of knocker plate.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the utility model, all in this practicality Within novel spirit and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the guarantor of the utility model Within the scope of shield.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of automobile knocker processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that including workbench, be arranged on workbench it is multiple Adsorbing mechanism, pre-locating mechanism and clamping positioning mechanism are supported, the workbench is used to support to be spliced by polylith plate Knocker, at least provided with two support adsorbing mechanisms on the workbench below every piece of plate of correspondence, in correspondence At least provided with a pre-locating mechanism on the workbench below every piece of plate, the pre-locating mechanism includes positioning It sells, is correspondingly provided with the dowel hole passed through for positioning pin on the plate, the clamping positioning mechanism includes for plate The clamping plate that edge is positioned and the clamping cylinder for driving clamping plate to act, the clamping cylinder are mounted on the work On platform, the clamping plate is connect with the piston rod of the clamping cylinder.
2. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that further include for positioning first piece Plate splices the removable detent mechanism of side, and the removable detent mechanism includes lifting cylinder and two positioning columns, two institutes It states positioning column to connect with the piston rod of the lifting cylinder by lifter plate, the lifting cylinder is mounted on the workbench On.
3. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that the pre-locating mechanism further includes The cylinder body of driving cylinder for controlling positioning pin action, the driving cylinder is connect with the workbench, the driving gas The piston rod of cylinder and the positioning pin connection.
4. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that the support adsorbing mechanism is electricity Magnet or Pneumatic suction cup.
5. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that be additionally provided on the workbench Multiple profiling locating pieces for auxiliary positioning knocker.
6. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that the knocker is by 3-6 block plates It is spliced.
7. automobile knocker according to claim 1 processes positioning tool, which is characterized in that the workbench is equipped with peace Fill window.
CN201820466929.7U 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool Active CN208083754U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820466929.7U CN208083754U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820466929.7U CN208083754U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208083754U true CN208083754U (en) 2018-11-13

Family

ID=64057895

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820466929.7U Active CN208083754U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of automobile knocker processing positioning tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208083754U (en)

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