CN208032766U - A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit - Google Patents

A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208032766U
CN208032766U CN201721586279.1U CN201721586279U CN208032766U CN 208032766 U CN208032766 U CN 208032766U CN 201721586279 U CN201721586279 U CN 201721586279U CN 208032766 U CN208032766 U CN 208032766U
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China
Prior art keywords
roller
prebake
crushes
grinding
drying
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CN201721586279.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘征辉
魏静娜
薛天凯
赵琳琳
赵云平
马西兰
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TIANJIN HIGH-STANDARD QUALITY TESTING LAB
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TIANJIN HIGH-STANDARD QUALITY TESTING LAB
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit, pulverizer ontology including pedestal and above the pedestal, it is equipped with feed hopper in the pulverizer ontology successively from top to bottom, prebake chamber, grinding device, grinding device, drying cavity and collecting box, the feed hopper is set to the pulverizer body upper surface, the feed hopper connects the prebake chamber, the prebake intracavitary is equipped with several air jet pipes, prebake bottom of chamber face is equipped with discharge port, the prebake bottom of chamber is tilted towards the discharge port, the grinding device includes that first set gradually from top to bottom crushes roller group, vibration screen, second crushes roller group and curved screen.The utility model has the beneficial effects that:Preliminary drying stem structure is set, medicinal material is prevented to be adhered on cutter head or block sieve, significantly improves the powder particle diameter uniformity, improves crush efficiency;The front and back two sets of crushing roller group of setting, and curved screen is set below the second crushing roller group, keep crushing more complete, grain size is evenly.

Description

A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Chinese medicine processing technique field, and drying unit is crushed more particularly, to a kind of Chinese medicine.
Background technology
The crushing of Chinese medicine is that bulk solid matters are broken into the operating process of appropriate fineness, the purpose of crushing by mechanical force Mainly have:Increase the surface area of drug, promotes drug dissolving;Be conducive to prepare various pharmaceutical dosage forms;Accelerate medicinal material in effectively at The dissolving divided;Convenient for allocating, taking and playing drug effect;Convenient for the drying and storage of fresh medicinal material.At present on the market in major part Medicine rolls that crusher in crushing is inefficient, and powder particle diameter is not uniform enough;And usually some medicinal material internal moistures are larger, when crushing It is often adhered on cutter head or is blocked sieve, influences the control of crushing effect and grain size, reduces working efficiency.
Invention content
Problem to be solved in the utility model carries out prebake before being to provide a kind of crushing, improves crush efficiency and quality Chinese medicine crushes drying unit.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit, packet Include pedestal and the pulverizer ontology above the pedestal, be equipped with successively from top to bottom in the pulverizer ontology feed hopper, Prebake chamber, grinding device, grinding device, drying cavity and collecting box, the feed hopper are set to the pulverizer body upper surface, The feed hopper connects the prebake chamber, and the prebake intracavitary is equipped with several air jet pipes, and prebake bottom of chamber face is equipped with Discharge port, the prebake bottom of chamber are tilted towards the discharge port, and the grinding device includes set gradually from top to bottom One crushing roller group, vibration screen, the second crushing roller group and curved screen, first pulverization roller are mounted under the discharge port Side, the vibration screen are set to described first and crush below roller group, and described vibration screen one end connects in the pulverizer ontology Wall, the other end is set to described second and crushes above roller group, and is tilted to the second pulverization roller group direction, in the curved screen Between be equipped with taper protrusion;The grinding device includes horizontally disposed several grinding rollers, and several sprays are equipped in the drying cavity Tracheae is equipped with drying cycles device between the prebake chamber and the drying cavity.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the drying cycles device includes circulation pipe and the cycle on the circulation pipe Wind turbine and drying device.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the vibration screen bottom is equipped with eccentric wheel, and the eccentric wheel passes through shaft and rotation Motor connects, and the rotary electric machine is fixed on the pulverizer inner body wall.
In technical solution, it is preferred that described first crushes roller group, the second crushing roller group includes a pair of counter-rotation powder Broken roller is uniformly fixed with several Disintegrating knifes on the pulverization roller side wall.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the grinding roller surface processing is that frosted is handled.
In technical solution, it is preferred that the drying cycles device air inlet and outlet air oral area are equipped with strainer.
In technical solution, it is preferred that be equipped with damping device between the pedestal and the pulverizer ontology.
The utility model has the advantages and positive effects of:
1, due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, preliminary drying stem structure is set before entering grinding device, medicinal material is prevented to be adhered to On cutter head or block sieve, significantly improves the powder particle diameter uniformity, improve crush efficiency;
2, the front and back two sets of crushing roller group of setting, and curved screen is set below the second crushing roller group, keep crushing more complete, Grain size is evenly;
3, it is crushing, drying unit is set after grinding steps, can complete to crush drying integrated, processing in same device It is efficient, while drying cycles device is set will be recirculated in device after air extraction is dry in device, improve hot-air Service efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model
Fig. 2 is the partial structural diagram of vibration screen
In figure:
1, pedestal 2, pulverizer ontology 3, feed hopper
4, prebake chamber 5, collecting box 6, air jet pipe
7, bottom surface 8, discharge port 9, crushing roller group
10, roller group 11, vibration screen 12, curved screen are crushed
13, taper protrusion 14, grinding roller 15, drying cycles device
16, circulation pipe 17, circulating fan 18, drying device
19, eccentric wheel 20, shaft 21, rotary electric machine
22, pulverization roller 23, strainer 24, damping device
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model, which provides a kind of Chinese medicine, crushes drying unit, including pedestal 1 and set on 1 top of pedestal Pulverizer ontology 2, be equipped with feed hopper 3, prebake chamber 4, grinding device, grinding dress in pulverizer ontology 2 successively from top to bottom It sets, drying cavity and collecting box 5, feed hopper 3 are set to 2 upper surface of pulverizer ontology, the connection prebake of feed hopper 3 chamber 4, prebake chamber Several air jet pipes 6 are equipped in 4,4 bottom surface 7 of prebake chamber is equipped with discharge port 8, and 4 bottom surface 7 of prebake chamber is tilted to discharge port 8, into Preliminary drying stem structure is set before entering grinding device, prevents medicinal material to be adhered on cutter head or block sieve, it is equal to significantly improve powder particle diameter Evenness improves crush efficiency.
Grinding device includes the crushing roller group 9 set gradually from top to bottom, vibration screen 11, crushes roller group 10 and arc Sieve 12 crushes roller group 9 and is set to 8 lower section of discharge port, and vibration screen 11, which is set to, crushes 9 lower section of roller group, and 11 one end of vibration screen connects 2 inner wall of pulverizer ontology is connect, the other end, which is set to, crushes 10 top of roller group, and is tilted to 10 direction of roller group is crushed, curved screen 12 Centre is equipped with taper protrusion 13, and it includes a pair of counter-rotation pulverization roller, pulverization roller side wall to crush roller group 9, crush roller group 10 On be uniformly fixed with several Disintegrating knifes;Grinding device includes horizontally disposed several grinding rollers 14, by crushing roller group 9 Crushing, meet the particle of Particle size requirements by vibration screen 11, be directly ground, the particle of vibration screen 11 can not be passed through Continue to crush into roller group 10 is crushed, meets the particle of Particle size requirements by curved screen 12, curved screen 12 can not be passed through Particle is driven continuation and is crushing crushing in roller group 10, until meeting Particle size requirements, taper protrusion 13 can prevent particle in arc It is accumulated on shape sieve 12, keeps crushing more complete, grain size is evenly.
It is equipped with several air jet pipes 6 in drying cavity, drying cycles device 15 is equipped between prebake chamber 4 and drying cavity, it is dry Circulator 15 includes circulation pipe 16 and the circulating fan 17 on circulation pipe 16 and drying device 18, is crushing, is grinding step Drying unit is set after rapid, can complete to crush drying integrated in same device, treatment effeciency is high, while drying cycles are arranged Device 15 will recirculate after air extraction drying in device in device, improve hot-air service efficiency.
As shown in Fig. 2, 11 bottom of vibration screen is equipped with eccentric wheel 19, eccentric wheel 19 passes through shaft 20 and rotary electric machine 21 Connection, rotary electric machine 21 are fixed on 2 inner wall of pulverizer ontology, and rotary electric machine 21 is rotated with movable eccentric wheel 19, intermittently to vibrating screen Net 11 applies active force, and vibration screen 11 is made to vibrate, and avoids the problem that sieve pore blockade on vibration screen 11 occurs.
It is that frosted is handled to grind the surface treatment of roller 14, reinforces grinding effect.
15 air inlet of drying cycles device and outlet air oral area are equipped with strainer 23, and the particle after crushing is prevented to be inhaled into drying In circulator 15.
Damping device 24 is equipped between pedestal 1 and pulverizer ontology 2, alleviator is vibrated to each component and outside in device The influence of environment.
The components such as the vibration screen 11, curved screen 12, pulverization roller 22, the grinding roller 14 that are arranged in device are all made of stainless Steel meets state health standards.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, preliminary drying stem structure is set before entering grinding device, medicinal material is prevented to be adhered to knife On head or block sieve, significantly improves the powder particle diameter uniformity, improve crush efficiency;The front and back two sets of crushing roller group of setting, and It crushes 10 lower section of roller group and curved screen 12 is set, keep crushing more complete, grain size is evenly;It is dried crushing, being arranged after grinding steps Equipment for drying can be completed to crush drying integrated in same device, and treatment effeciency is high, while drying cycles device 15 is arranged will dress It is recirculated in device after setting interior air extraction drying, improves hot-air service efficiency.
The course of work of this example:Roller group, circulating fan 17 and air jet pipe 6 are crushed in use, starting first, passes through charging All Chinese medicine is poured into device, prebake is carried out by prebake chamber 4 first, is entered by discharge port 8 and crushes roller group 9, is led to The crushing for crushing roller group 9 is crossed, meets the particle of Particle size requirements by vibration screen 11, is directly ground, vibration can not be passed through The particle of sieve 11, which enters crushing roller group 10, to be continued to crush, and is met the particle of Particle size requirements by curved screen 12, can not be passed through The particle of curved screen 12 is driven continuation and is crushing crushing in roller group 10, until meeting Particle size requirements, taper protrusion 13 can To prevent particle from being accumulated on curved screen 12;Particle enters grinding roller 14 and is ground, and ground particle passes through drying Chamber, through air jet pipe 6 spray hot-air to by particle dry, the Chinese medicinal granule after drying falls into collecting box 5;It is dry Dry circulator 15 will recirculate after air extraction drying in device in device, improve hot-air service efficiency.
One embodiment of the utility model is described in detail above, but the content is only the utility model Preferred embodiment should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention.It is all to be made according to application scope of the utility model All the changes and improvements etc., should all still belong within the patent covering scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of Chinese medicine crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:Pulverizer ontology including pedestal and above the pedestal, It is equipped with feed hopper, prebake chamber, grinding device, grinding device, drying cavity and receipts in the pulverizer ontology successively from top to bottom Header, the feed hopper are set to the pulverizer body upper surface, and the feed hopper connects the prebake chamber, the prebake Intracavitary is equipped with several air jet pipes, and prebake bottom of chamber face is equipped with discharge port, and the prebake bottom of chamber is inclined towards the discharge port Tiltedly, the grinding device includes that first set gradually from top to bottom crushes roller group, vibration screen, the second crushing roller group and arc Sieve, first pulverization roller are mounted below the discharge port, and the vibration screen is set to described first and crushes below roller group, Described vibration screen one end connects the pulverizer inner body wall, and the other end is set to described second and crushes above roller group, and to institute The inclination of the second pulverization roller group direction is stated, taper protrusion is equipped among the curved screen;The grinding device includes horizontally disposed Several grinding rollers, several air jet pipes are equipped in the drying cavity, are equipped between the prebake chamber and the drying cavity dry Dry circulator.
2. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 1 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:The drying cycles device includes Circulation pipe and the circulating fan on the circulation pipe and drying device.
3. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 1 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:The vibration screen bottom is equipped with Eccentric wheel, the eccentric wheel are connect by shaft with rotary electric machine, and the rotary electric machine is fixed on the pulverizer inner body wall.
4. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 1 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:Described first crushes roller group, the It includes a pair of counter-rotation pulverization roller that two, which crush roller group, and several crushing knifes are uniformly fixed on the pulverization roller side wall Piece.
5. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 1 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:The grinding roller surface processing It is handled for frosted.
6. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 1 or 2 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:The drying cycles device Air inlet and outlet air oral area are equipped with strainer.
7. crushing drying unit according to a kind of any Chinese medicines of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:The pedestal with it is described Damping device is equipped between pulverizer ontology.
8. a kind of Chinese medicine according to claim 6 crushes drying unit, it is characterised in that:The pedestal and the pulverizer Damping device is equipped between ontology.
CN201721586279.1U 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit Active CN208032766U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721586279.1U CN208032766U (en) 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721586279.1U CN208032766U (en) 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of Chinese medicine crushing drying unit

Publications (1)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109465100A (en) * 2019-01-12 2019-03-15 大连思博科技服务有限公司 A kind of apple core drying and crushing device of apple juicing pretreatment process equipment
CN109481288A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-03-19 上海莱仪堂生物科技有限公司 Chinese medicine mulberry paper LEIHUO moxibustion
CN109651481A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-19 湖州市食品药品检验研究院 A kind of ginsenoside extracting method and its application
CN110369024A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-10-25 郑丹丹 A kind of mining industry lithotripsy apparatus
CN110420680A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-08 康定龙源穗城石膏有限责任公司 A kind of land plaster broken screening integration apparatus of high efficiency composition
CN110433908A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-12 王顺来 A kind of food materials device for thinning with active clapboard
CN112138836A (en) * 2020-09-15 2020-12-29 中国矿业大学 Crushing, drying and screening integrated treatment device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109481288A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-03-19 上海莱仪堂生物科技有限公司 Chinese medicine mulberry paper LEIHUO moxibustion
CN109651481A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-19 湖州市食品药品检验研究院 A kind of ginsenoside extracting method and its application
CN109465100A (en) * 2019-01-12 2019-03-15 大连思博科技服务有限公司 A kind of apple core drying and crushing device of apple juicing pretreatment process equipment
CN110420680A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-08 康定龙源穗城石膏有限责任公司 A kind of land plaster broken screening integration apparatus of high efficiency composition
CN110369024A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-10-25 郑丹丹 A kind of mining industry lithotripsy apparatus
CN110433908A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-12 王顺来 A kind of food materials device for thinning with active clapboard
CN112138836A (en) * 2020-09-15 2020-12-29 中国矿业大学 Crushing, drying and screening integrated treatment device

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