CN208021763U - Dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane - Google Patents

Dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208021763U
CN208021763U CN201820136054.4U CN201820136054U CN208021763U CN 208021763 U CN208021763 U CN 208021763U CN 201820136054 U CN201820136054 U CN 201820136054U CN 208021763 U CN208021763 U CN 208021763U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unmanned plane
motor
wing
input port
delivery outlet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201820136054.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵国成
李子轩
陈蒙
罗伟
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Ewatt Technology Co Ltd
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Ewatt Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820136054.4U priority Critical patent/CN208021763U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/60Efficient propulsion technologies, e.g. for aircraft

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of dynamical systems for fixed-wing unmanned plane, belong to air vehicle technique field, including power supply part, displacement component, driving part and regulating member.Power supply part is provided with the first delivery outlet, the second delivery outlet, third delivery outlet and the 4th delivery outlet;Displacement component includes the first steering engine and the second steering engine, and the first steering engine is provided with the first input port;Second steering engine is provided with the second input port;Driving part includes first motor and the second motor, and first motor is provided with third input port, and the second motor is provided with the 4th input port;Regulating member includes that first the second electricity of electricity reconciliation is adjusted, and the first electricity, which is adjusted, is provided with the 5th input port and the 5th delivery outlet.Meet the needs of each electrical appliance of unmanned plane is to the energy to reach, improves the technique effect of the practicability of unmanned plane.

Description

Dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane
Technical field
The utility model belongs to air vehicle technique field, more particularly to a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Background technology
Unmanned unmanned plane referred to as " unmanned plane ", is grasped using radio robot and the presetting apparatus provided for oneself Vertical not manned unmanned plane.Without cockpit on machine, but automatic pilot, presetting apparatus, information collecting device are installed etc. Equipment.On ground, naval vessels or machine tool remote control station personnel are by equipment such as radars, to its into line trace, positioning, remote control, telemetering and Digital Transmission.It can take off as common unmanned plane under wireless remotecontrol or be launched with booster rocket, it also can be by machine tool Aerial launch is taken to fly.
For fixed-wing unmanned plane, the dynamical system of unmanned plane is mainly by accumulator and unmanned plane in the prior art Various electric elements are connected, and electric energy is provided for the various electrical appliances on unmanned plane by the accumulator being arranged on unmanned plane. But unmanned plane is in landing and in-flight that demand of each electrical appliance to electric energy is all larger, therefore unmanned plane is cannot be satisfied to not With the demand of electric energy so that the cruise duration of unmanned plane is short, poor practicability.
In conclusion in the prior art, cannot be satisfied demand of each electrical appliance of unmanned plane to the energy, the practicality of unmanned plane Property is poor.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is the demand that cannot be satisfied each electrical appliance of unmanned plane to the energy, nobody The poor practicability of machine.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane, institute It includes power supply part to state for the dynamical system of fixed-wing unmanned plane, and the power supply part is provided with the first delivery outlet, second defeated Outlet, third delivery outlet and the 4th delivery outlet;Displacement component, the displacement component includes the first steering engine and the second steering engine, described First steering engine is provided with the first input port, and first input port is connected with first delivery outlet;The second steering engine setting There are the second input port, second input port to be connected with second delivery outlet;Driving part, the driving part include first Motor and the second motor, the first motor are provided with third input port, and second motor is provided with the 4th input port;It adjusts Component, the regulating member include that the first electricity reconciles the second electricity and adjusts, and first electricity, which is adjusted, is provided with the 5th input port and the 5th defeated Outlet, the 5th input port are connected with the third delivery outlet, and the 5th delivery outlet is connected with the third input port;Institute It states the second electricity tune and is provided with the 6th input port and the 6th delivery outlet, the 6th input port is connected with the 4th delivery outlet, institute The 6th delivery outlet is stated to connect with the 4th input port.
Further, the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane includes that the first motor is provided with the first driving Axis and first base, first drive shaft are fixedly connected with the first propeller, and the first base and the first pedestal are fixed and connected It connects.
Further, the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane includes that second motor is provided with the second driving Axis and second base, the second base are fixedly connected with second end, and second drive shaft is fixedly connected with the first rotor;Its In, the rotational plane of second drive shaft and first rotor is perpendicular.
Further, the power supply part further includes the 6th delivery outlet;The driving part further includes third motor, described Third motor is provided with the 7th input port, and the 7th input port is connected with the 6th delivery outlet.
Further, the third motor is provided with third drive shaft and third pedestal, the third drive shaft and second Propeller is fixedly connected, and the third pedestal and the second pedestal are fixedly connected.
Further, the power supply part further includes the 7th delivery outlet;The driving part further includes the 4th motor, described 4th motor is provided with the 8th input port, and the 8th input port is connected with the 7th delivery outlet.
Further, the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane includes that the 4th motor is provided with the 4th driving Axis and the 4th pedestal, the 4th pedestal and the 4th end are fixedly connected, and the 4th drive shaft is fixedly connected with the second rotor;Its In, the rotational plane of the 4th drive shaft and second rotor is perpendicular.
Further, the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane include first steering engine include first rotating shaft and First fastening seat, the first rotating shaft are connected with first pedestal, and the first fastening seat and the first limiting slot are fixedly connected; Wherein, the first rotating shaft is arranged between first pedestal and first limiting slot.
Further, the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane include second steering engine include the second shaft and Second fastening seat, second shaft are connected with second pedestal, and the second fastening seat and the second limiting slot are fixedly connected; Wherein, second shaft is arranged between second pedestal and second limiting slot.
Advantageous effect:
The utility model provides a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane, by being exported the first of power supply part Mouth is connected with the first input port of the first steering engine, the second input port connection of the second delivery outlet and the second steering engine of power supply part; The 5th input port connection that the third delivery outlet of power supply part and the first electricity are adjusted, the 5th delivery outlet and first motor that the first electricity is adjusted Third input port connection;The 6th input port connection that 4th delivery outlet of power supply part and the second electricity are adjusted, the second electricity adjust the 4th input port of six delivery outlets and the second motor connects;Then it is the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor The energy of different size demand is provided, meets the normal work of the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor, makes Unmanned plane normally can be lifted and be flown.Meet the needs of each electrical appliance of unmanned plane is to the energy to reach, improves The technique effect of the practicability of unmanned plane.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram for fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 provides a kind of top view illustration of fixed-wing unmanned plane for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 provides a kind of upward view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 provides a kind of side view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 provides a kind of front view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane for the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 6 provides a kind of structure diagram of the dynamical system of fixed-wing unmanned plane for the utility model embodiment;
Description of the drawings:
100-heads, the 110-the first front end, 120-the first noumenons, the 130-the first rear end, 140-pitots;
200-fuselages, the 210-the second front end, the 220-the second ontology, the 230-the first wing, the 240-the second wing, 250-the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism, the 251-the first linking arm, the 252-the first propeller, 253-the first verts component, 254-the first rotor, the 255-the first limiting slot, the 260-the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism, the 261-the second linking arm, 262-the Two propellers, 263-the second verts component, the 264-the second rotor, the 265-the second limiting slot, the 270-the second rear end, 280-the first aileron, the 290-the second aileron;
300-tails, 310-third front ends, 320-third ontologies, 330-third rear ends, the 340-the first aerofoil Plate, the 350-the second aerofoil plate;
400-dynamical systems, 410-power supply parts, 420-displacement components, the 421-the first steering engine, the 422-the second rudder Machine, 430-driving parts, 431-first motors, the 432-the second motor, 433-third motors, the 434-the four motor, 440-regulating members, the 441-the first electricity are adjusted, and the 442-the second electricity is adjusted.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model provides a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane, by being exported the first of power supply part Mouth is connected with the first input port of the first steering engine, the second input port connection of the second delivery outlet and the second steering engine of power supply part; The 5th input port connection that the third delivery outlet of power supply part and the first electricity are adjusted, the 5th delivery outlet and first motor that the first electricity is adjusted Third input port connection;The 6th input port connection that 4th delivery outlet of power supply part and the second electricity are adjusted, the second electricity adjust the 4th input port of six delivery outlets and the second motor connects;Then it is the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor The energy of different size demand is provided, meets the normal work of the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor, makes Unmanned plane normally can be lifted and be flown.Meet the needs of each electrical appliance of unmanned plane is to the energy to reach, improves The technique effect of the practicability of unmanned plane.
In order to elaborate to a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane provided by the utility model, to support Utility model technical problem to be solved first does fixed-wing unmanned plane in the following, in embodiment provided by the utility model It is described in detail, then during describing fixed-wing unmanned plane, further targetedly draws provided by the utility model A kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane is complete, clear, clear to achieve the purpose that.
Before introducing the utility model embodiment, the whole feelings first to fixed-wing unmanned plane provided by the utility model Condition does following general description:The utility model is by being divided into the fuselage 200 of unmanned plane including at least three sections, i.e. head 100, machine Body 200 and tail 300, and be attached by the connection type of detachable connection between three sections, an inside is constituted with this The dismountable fixed-wing unmanned plane of structure, so that when local damage occurs in the fuselage 200 of unmanned plane, corresponding can tear open Except the position for occurring damaging repairs, there is simple, convenient technique effect.And when the part of fuselage 200 is because going out When now damaging and can not repair, can also the position that can not repair of corresponding dismounting, i.e., the position that can not be repaired is substituted , to overcome in the prior art because fuselage 200 is using integrated global design so that 200 local damage of fuselage occur When can not repair, it has to which the technological deficiency for replacing the entire fuselage 200 of unmanned plane reaches and significantly reduces maintenance cost Technique effect.
Also, unmanned plane is during executing landing operation, included by the fixed-wing unmanned plane in the utility model The first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 being arranged on the first wing 230, and second be arranged on the second wing 240 are adjustable Rotor mechanism 260 carries out matching operation (being operated) and generates lifting force, and fuselage 200 is pulled to rise or decline.Such as: When unmanned plane takes off, first is pushed to vert component by the first steering engine 421 controlled in the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 253, so that the first propeller 252 is located in the plane with unmanned plane level, passes through first motor 431 and drive the first propeller 252 Work, makes the first propeller 252 provide lift for unmanned plane;Control the second steering engine 422 in the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 Push second to vert component 263, make the second propeller 262 be located at and the plane of unmanned plane level in, pass through 433 band of third motor Dynamic second propeller 262 work, makes the second propeller 262 also provide lift for unmanned plane, by the first propeller 252 and the second spiral shell Resultant force caused by the rotation of paddle 262 is revolved, upward lifting force is provided for unmanned plane, to realize taking off vertically for unmanned plane. It when unmanned plane is drawn high certain altitude, then pushes first to vert component 253 by the first steering engine 421, makes the first propeller 252 It in the plane perpendicular with the plane of unmanned plane level, pushes second to vert component 263 by the second steering engine 422, makes the In the plane that two propellers 262 are located at and the plane of unmanned plane level is perpendicular, to generate horizontal thrust on unmanned plane, push away Dynamic unmanned plane slides in the air to take off, and then enters stabilized flight.When declining, first is pushed by controlling the first steering engine 421 Vert component 253, and the first propeller 252 is made to be located in the plane with unmanned plane level, pushes second to incline by the second steering engine 422 Rotation member 263 makes the second propeller 262 be located in the plane with unmanned plane level, makes 252, the first propeller and the second spiral Paddle 262 pulls fuselage 200 to stablize decline from eminence, until stablizing landing, avoids fuselage caused by 200 hard landing of fuselage 200 and carrying equipment damage, greatly reduce the risk of landing accident, having reached makes unmanned plane be suitble in different flight fields Ground carries out the technique effect of landing operation.
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all belongs to In the range of the utility model protection;Involved "and/or" keyword wherein in this implementation, indicate and or two kinds of situations, change Sentence is talked about, and the A mentioned by the utility model embodiment and/or B illustrate two kinds of A and B, A or B situations, describe A and B and deposited Three kinds of states indicate such as A and/or B:It includes B to only include A not;It includes A to only include B not;Including A and B.
Meanwhile in the utility model embodiment, when component is referred to as " being fixed on " another component, it can be directly another On one component or there may also be components placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " connection " another component, it can be It is directly connected to another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.When a component be considered as " being set to " another Component, it can be set up directly on another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.The utility model embodiment Used in term " vertical ", " horizontal ", "left", "right" and similar statement be merely for purposes of illustration, not It is intended to limit the utility model.
It is new to this practicality first in order to which the fixed-wing unmanned plane provided the utility model embodiment is described in detail Involved technical term does description below explanation in type embodiment:
Detachable connection can be:It is bolted or is bonded;
Being fixedly connected to be:Welding is integrally formed;
Ground can be:The ground that unmanned plane is parked, or the face with this plane parallel;
Minimum flying speed can be:Minimum flying speed when making unmanned plane keep flight, and not falling.Such as: In the present embodiment, the minimum flying speed of unmanned plane can be 20m/s;
Takeoff phase can be:Unmanned plane reaches the process of aerial vertical ascent from ground;
Take off winged stage that flattens can be:After unmanned plane reaches in the air, the process of horizontal flight is carried out;
Landing phases can be:Process of the unmanned plane from airborne to ground.
Fig. 1 is referred to, Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure signal for fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment provides Figure.A kind of fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment provides.A kind of fixed-wing unmanned plane includes head 100, fuselage 200, tail 300 and dynamical system 400 now carry out head 100, fuselage 200, tail 300 and dynamical system 400 following respectively It is described in detail:
For head 100:
Head 100 may include the first front end 110, the first noumenon 120 and the first rear end 130.First front end 110 It can be rendered as pyramidal structure, pitot 140 can be fixedly connected on the first front end 110;The first noumenon 120 can be with First front end 110 is fixedly connected, and the diameter of section of the first front end 110 on the direction towards the first noumenon 120 according to Secondary increase;First rear end 130 can be fixedly connected with the first noumenon 120, and the diameter of section of the first noumenon 120 is in direction It is sequentially increased on the direction of first rear end 130;Wherein, the first noumenon 120 is arranged in the first front end 110 and the first rear end Between 130, and the first front end 110, the first noumenon 120 and the first rear end 130 are integrally formed and constitute head 100.
Show continuing with a kind of overall structure for the fixed-wing unmanned plane for referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 being the utility model embodiment offer It is intended to.First front end 110 can be fixedly connected with the first noumenon 120, and the first rear end 130 can be solid with the first noumenon 120 Fixed connection, to be made of the head 100 of unmanned plane the first front end 110, the first noumenon 120 and the first rear end 130.Unmanned plane Head 100 can be rendered as hollow structure, i.e., the sky for the electric elements for placing camera can be accommodated in the inside of head 100 Between.It can be provided with pitot 140 on the first front end 110.Pitot 140 is also Pitot tube, stagnation pressure tube etc., pitot 140 be experience the stagnation pressure (also referred to as total head) and static pressure of air-flow, and by the pressure data measured send to air data computer, The device of flying instruments.Pitot 140 is primarily used to measure flying speed, while can also have both other multiple functions.
Since the diameter of section of the first front end 110 is sequentially increased on the direction towards the first noumenon 120, the first noumenon 120 diameter of section is sequentially increased on the direction towards the first rear end 130, and the first front end 110 is rendered as taper Structure.So that 100 overall construction of head of unmanned plane, can be in flight course in unmanned plane, effectively reduce air-flow to nothing Man-machine obstruction moves loss of energy to reduce unmanned plane itself, can improve the cruise duration of unmanned plane.
For fuselage 200:
Fuselage 200 may include the second front end 210, the second ontology 220 and the second rear end 270.Second front end 210 It is detachably connected with first rear end 130, the second ontology 220 is fixedly connected with the second front end 210, the second rear end 270 are fixedly connected with second ontology 220, and the diameter of section of second ontology 220 is towards second rear end 270 Direction on be sequentially reduced.
Second ontology 220 may include first side and second side, and the first wing 230 is provided in first side, the The second wing 240 is provided on two side faces, and the first wing 230 and the second wing 240 are perpendicular along the center of the second ontology 220 The axisymmetric both sides for being distributed in the second ontology 220;It is provided with the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 on first wing 230, second The second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 is provided on wing 240.
Second ontology 220 is arranged between the second front end 210 and the second rear end 270, and the second front end 210, Second ontology 220 and the second rear end 270, which are integrally formed, constitutes the fuselage 200;
First wing 230 may include the first preceding fastening end, the first forward open end and the first positioning area, the first preceding fastening end It is fixedly connected with first side, and the first positioning area is arranged between the first preceding fastening end and the first forward open end;Wherein, One forward open end and the first preceding fastening end are the both ends of first wing 230.
Fuselage 200 can also include the first linking arm 251 and the second linking arm 261.First linking arm 251 includes first End, second end and the first interlude, the first interlude and the first positioning area are detachably connected;First end and second end is described The both ends of one linking arm 251.First adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 may include the first propeller 252, first motor 431, first Vert component 253, the first steering engine 421.First motor 431 is provided with the first drive shaft and first base, the first drive shaft and One propeller 252 is fixedly connected;First vert component 253 include the first pedestal and the first limiting slot 255, the first pedestal and first Pedestal is fixedly connected, and the first limiting slot 255 is fixedly connected with first end, and the first limiting slot 255 and the first pedestal are hinged, First pedestal is arranged between the first limiting slot 255 and first base;First steering engine 421 includes first rotating shaft and the first fastening Seat, first rotating shaft are connected with the first pedestal, and the first fastening seat and the first limiting slot 255 are fixedly connected, and first rotating shaft is arranged Between the first pedestal and the first limiting slot 255;Wherein, the rotational plane of the first drive shaft and the first propeller 252 is perpendicular.
Fuselage 200 can also include the first rotor 254 and the second motor 432.Second motor 432 is provided with the second drive shaft And second base, second base are fixedly connected with second end, the second drive shaft is fixedly connected with the first rotor 254;Described second The rotational plane of drive shaft and first rotor 254 is perpendicular.
Second wing 240 may include the second preceding fastening end, the second forward open end and the second positioning area, the second preceding fastening end It is fixedly connected with second side, and the second positioning area is arranged between the second preceding fastening end and the second forward open end;Before second Open end and the second preceding fastening end are the both ends of second wing 240.
Second linking arm 261 may include third end, the 4th end and the second interlude, the second interlude and the second positioning area It is detachably connected;Third end and the 4th end are the both ends of second linking arm 261.Second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 can be with It verts component 263 and the second steering engine 422 including the second propeller 262, third motor 433, second.Third motor 433 is provided with Third drive shaft and third pedestal, third drive shaft are fixedly connected with the second propeller 262;Second component 263 that verts can wrap The second pedestal and the second limiting slot 265 are included, the second pedestal is fixedly connected with third pedestal, and the second limiting slot 265 and third end are solid Fixed connection, and the second limiting slot 265 and the second pedestal are hinged, the setting of the second pedestal is in the second limiting slot 265 and described the Between three pedestals;Second steering engine 422 may include the second shaft and the second fastening seat, and the second shaft is connected with the second pedestal, the Two fastening seats and the second limiting slot 265 are fixedly connected, and the setting of the second shaft the second pedestal and the second limiting slot 265 it Between;The rotational plane of third drive shaft and second propeller 262 is perpendicular.
Fuselage 200 can also include the second rotor 264 and the 4th motor 434.4th motor 434 is provided with the 4th drive shaft With the 4th pedestal, the 4th pedestal and the 4th end are fixedly connected, and the 4th drive shaft is fixedly connected with the second rotor 264;4th driving The rotational plane of axis and second rotor 264 is perpendicular.
Fuselage 200 can also include first end flank and/or the second end flank.
The angle of first end flank and the first wing 230 can be 60 ° -90 °.First end flank may include first Wing tip fastening end and the first wing tip open end;And the first wing tip fastening end is fixedly connected with the first forward open end, the first wing tip Open end constitutes the both ends of first end flank away from the first forward open end and the first wing tip fastening end.
The angle of the second end flank and the second wing 240 can be 60 ° -90 °.The second end flank may include second Wing tip fastening end and the second wing tip open end;And the second wing tip fastening end is fixedly connected with the second forward open end, the second wing tip Open end constitutes the both ends of the second end flank away from the second forward open end and the second wing tip fastening end.Wherein, first wing Sharp open end and second wing tip open end are symmetrically distributed along the center vertical pivot of the fuselage 200.
Fuselage 200 can also include the first aileron 280 and/or the second aileron 290.The setting of first aileron 280 rotation exists On first wing 230, and the first aileron 280 is rotated on the first wing 230 relative to first side;And/or second Aileron 290 rotate setting on the second wing 240, and the second aileron 290 on the second wing 240 relative to second side It is rotated.
Fig. 2 is referred to, Fig. 2 is that the utility model embodiment provides a kind of top view illustration of fixed-wing unmanned plane.Machine Second front end 210 of body 200 can be detachably connected with the first rear end 130 of head 100.During fuselage 200 can have Second ontology 220 of hollow structure, i.e. fuselage 200 can be hollow, which can be used for accommodating photography, camera shooting is set Standby, electric elements etc..The diameter of section of second ontology 220 can be sequentially reduced on the direction towards the second rear end 270, be made 200 overall construction of fuselage for obtaining unmanned plane, can be in flight course in unmanned plane, effectively reduce and flow through unmanned aerial vehicle body 200 air-flow moves loss of energy to reduce unmanned plane itself, improves the cruise duration of unmanned plane to the obstruction of unmanned plane.
First side and second side can be two opposites of 200 second ontology 220 of fuselage, such as can be and ground Two perpendicular sides of face.First wing 230 is installed on the first side, and the second wing 240 is installed on the second side.The One wing 230 and the second wing 240 can symmetrically be distributed in the second ontology 220 along the center vertical pivot of the second ontology 220 Both sides.Assuming that the plane residing for the first wing 230 and the second wing 240 is A planes, the top (top, that is, remote of the second ontology 220 Side from the ground, bottom are the side close to ground, and top and bottom make mutually contradictory) residing for plane be B planes, Can be then that A plane ratio B planes are farther from the ground relative to the distance on ground.The spacing of A planes and B planes can basis The design of unmanned plane needs to determine, such as distance range can be 10cm -1000cm.It can be between A planes and B planes It is provided with support member, which connects A planes and B planes, so that A planes and B planes is fixed to each other, such as the first wing 230 and second wing 240 be fixedly mounted on the support columns, the top of the support column and the second ontology 220 is fixedly connected, support column Between A planes and B planes, and support column is mutually perpendicular to the first wing 230 and the second wing 240 respectively, is then made The first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 on first wing 230 operates in the space far from B planes, also makes on the second wing 240 Second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 operates in the space far from B planes, if so as to avoid by the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism First propeller 252 in 250, the second propeller 262 is all located in B planes in the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260, and when the When one propeller 252 and closer 262 the second ontology of distance 220 of the second propeller, due to the rotation of the first propeller 252, second The rotation of propeller 262 so that the first propeller 252 and the second propeller 262 collide the second ontology 220, cause to pacify Full accident, forces unmanned plane to be stopped suddenly, and collides the propeller broken blade generated after generation, jeopardizes flight range Interior personnel safety.
Fig. 3 is referred to, Fig. 3 is that the utility model embodiment provides a kind of upward view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane.? Can be installed with the first linking arm 251 in first positioning area of the first wing 230, the first linking arm 251 first among Section can also be detachably connected with the first positioning area so that when the first linking arm 251 loses, or be connected to the first linking arm When the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 in 251 in first end breaks down, the first linking arm 251 can be replaced in time.From And overcome the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 and damage occur when can not repair, it has to replace the entire fuselage 200 of unmanned plane Technological deficiency, reach the technique effect for significantly reducing maintenance cost.First linking arm 251 can be with the first wing 230 It is mutually perpendicular to, i.e. the first linking arm 251 can be with the center vertical pivot of the second ontology 220 mutually usually, this makes the first linking arm It 251 both ends can be far from the second ontology 220, to the rotation for the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 and the first rotor 254 The space of bigger is provided, the safety during unmanned plane during flying or landing is promoted.
The second linking arm 261, the second linking arm 261 can be installed in the second positioning area of the second wing 240 The second interlude can also be detachably connected with the second positioning area so that when the second linking arm 261 loses, or be connected to It, can be in time to the second linking arm when the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 in second linking arm 261 in second end breaks down 261 replace.When can not be repaired to overcome the appearance damage of the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260, it has to replace unmanned plane The technological deficiency of entire fuselage 200, reaches the technique effect for significantly reducing maintenance cost.Second linking arm 261 can be with Second wing 240 is mutually perpendicular to, i.e. the second linking arm 261 can be with the center vertical pivot of the second ontology 220 mutually usually, this makes It the both ends of second linking arm 261 can be far from the second ontology 220, to be revolved for the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 and second The rotation of the wing 264 provides the space of bigger, promotes the safety during unmanned plane during flying or landing.
Fig. 1 is referred to, Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure signal for fixed-wing unmanned plane that the utility model embodiment provides Figure.In order to which the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 and the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 are described in detail, now provide following Two kinds of embodiments are explained in detail:
The first embodiment.First adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 may include the first propeller 252, first motor 431, first verts component 253, the first steering engine 421.First propeller 252 can be twayblade, i.e. the first propeller 252 can be with Including two blades;First propeller 252 can also be multiple-blade (more than two blade).Two blades can be with the first electricity First drive shaft of machine 431 is fixedly connected, and two blades can symmetrically be distributed in the both sides of the first drive shaft, and first drives Moving axis and the plane of two blades rotation are perpendicular.The first base of first motor 431 can vert the of component 253 with first One pedestal is fixedly connected, and the first fastening seat of first motor 431 can be fixedly connected with the first limiting slot 255, and first verts portion First limiting slot 255 of part 253 can be fixedly connected with the first end of the first linking arm 251.Due to the first limiting slot 255 and One pedestal is hinged, such as:It is fixed with protruding end in one end of the first limiting slot 255, through-hole is provided on the protruding end (referred to as K1);It is fixed with another protruding end on a face being away from each other with first motor 431 on the first pedestal, is set on the protruding end It is equipped with through-hole (abbreviation K2), K1 and K2 match, i.e. the diameter of K1 and K2 can be identical.Bearing can be passed through from K1 and K2, And the bearing can be connected with the first rotating shaft of the first steering engine 421.Allow first rotating shaft to drive bearing operation, passes through Operating drive the first pedestal to be moved relative to the first limiting slot 255, the direction of the movement can be relative to ground For 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °), wherein 90 ° refer to being directed away from ground, are located above unmanned plane, and the ground and Angle when perpendicular;- 90 ° refer to being directed away from ground, are located at below unmanned plane, and the angle with ground when perpendicular; 0 ° refers to angle with ground when parallel.The first propeller 252 is controlled at 0 ° -90 ° by the first steering engine 421 to realize And/or 0 °-(- 90 °) in the range of rotated.First electricity can be installed on the first limiting slot 255 and adjust 441, first Electricity tune 441 can be connected with first motor 431, and 441 rotary speeies that can control first motor 431 are adjusted by the first electricity, from And it realizes and adjusts 441 to adjust the rotating speed of the first propeller 252 by the first electricity.
It can be fixedly installed the second motor 432 in the second end of the first linking arm 251, the second of the second motor 432 Pedestal can be fixedly connected with second end.Second drive shaft of the second motor 432 can be fixedly connected with the first rotor 254, And the rotational plane of the second drive shaft and the first rotor 254 is perpendicular.First rotor 254 can be multiple-blade (2 or more leaves Piece) rotor.Above-mentioned first propeller 252 can be the propeller of big screw pitch, i.e., the pitch of the first rotor 254 is than the first rotor 254 pitch is small.Due to the first rotor 254 pitch be more than the first rotor 254 pitch, so the first rotor 254 0 °- 90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °) in the range of when being rotated, the thrust or lift of bigger can be provided for unmanned plane.
Second of embodiment.Second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 may include the second propeller 262, third motor 433, second verts component 263, the second steering engine 422.Second propeller 262 can be twayblade, i.e. the second propeller 262 can be with Including two blades;Second propeller 262 can also be multiple-blade (more than two blade).Two blades can be with third electricity The third drive shaft of machine 433 is fixedly connected, and two blades can symmetrically be distributed in the both sides of third drive shaft, and third is driven Moving axis and the plane of two blades rotation are perpendicular.The third pedestal of third motor 433 can vert the of component 263 with second Two pedestals are fixedly connected, and the second fastening seat of the second steering engine 422 can be fixedly connected with the second limiting slot 265, and second verts portion Second limiting slot 265 of part 263 can be fixedly connected with the third end of the second linking arm 261.Due to the second limiting slot 265 and Two pedestals are hinged, such as:It is fixed with protruding end in one end of the second limiting slot 265, through-hole is provided on the protruding end (referred to as K3);It is fixed with another protruding end on a face being away from each other with third motor 433 on the second pedestal, is set on the protruding end It is equipped with through-hole (abbreviation K4), K3 and K4 match, i.e. the diameter of K3 and K4 can be identical.Bearing can be passed through from K3 and K4, And the bearing can be connected with the second shaft of the second steering engine 422.Allow the second shaft to drive bearing operation, passes through Operating drive the second pedestal to be moved relative to the second limiting slot 265, the direction of the movement can be relative to ground For 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °), wherein 90 ° refer to being directed away from ground, are located above unmanned plane, and the ground and Angle when perpendicular;- 90 ° refer to being directed away from ground, are located at below unmanned plane, and the angle with ground when perpendicular; 0 ° refers to angle with ground when parallel.The second propeller 262 is controlled at 0 ° -90 ° by the second steering engine 422 to realize And/or 0 °-(- 90 °) in the range of rotated.Second electricity can be installed on the second limiting slot 265 and adjust 442, second Electricity tune 442 can be connected with the second motor 432, and 442 rotary speeies that can control the second motor 432 are adjusted by the second electricity, from And it realizes and adjusts 442 to adjust the rotating speed of the second propeller 262 by the second electricity.
It can be fixedly installed the 4th motor 434 on the 4th end of the second linking arm 261, the 4th of the 4th motor 434 the Pedestal can be fixedly connected with the 4th end.4th drive shaft of the 4th motor 434 can be fixedly connected with the second rotor 264, And the rotational plane of the 4th drive shaft and the second rotor 264 is perpendicular.Second rotor 264 can be multiple-blade (2 or more leaves Piece) rotor.Above-mentioned second propeller 262 can be the propeller of big screw pitch, i.e., the pitch of the second rotor 264 is than the second propeller 262 pitch is small.Since the pitch of the second propeller 262 is more than the pitch of the second rotor 264, so the second propeller 262 exists 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °) in the range of when being rotated, the thrust or lift of bigger can be provided for unmanned plane.
In the first above-mentioned embodiment, the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 may be mounted at the first linking arm 251 In second end, the first rotor 254 may be mounted in the first end of the first linking arm 251;Or the of the first linking arm 251 First adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 is installed, it is adjustable to be also equipped with first in the second end of the first linking arm 251 on one end Rotor mechanism 250.In above-mentioned second of embodiment, the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 may be mounted at the second linking arm On 261 the 4th end, the second rotor 264 may be mounted on the third end of the second linking arm 261;Or in the second linking arm Second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 is installed on 261 third end, is also equipped on the 4th end of the second linking arm 261 Two adjustable rotary wing mechanisms 260.Since the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 being mounted in the second end of the first linking arm 251 Structure and it is above-mentioned by the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 be mounted on the first linking arm 251 first end on structure it is similar Seemingly;By the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 be mounted on the second linking arm 261 the 4th end on structure and it is above-mentioned can by second The structure that mode rotor mechanism 260 is mounted on the third end of the second linking arm 261 is similar.It is not repeated herein.
In order to the first adjustable rotary wing mechanism 250 and the second adjustable rotary wing mechanism 260 for unmanned plane provide lift or Thrust realizes that the landing of unmanned plane is explained in detail, and now provides following embodiment and is described in detail:
The first embodiment, takeoff phase.The first steering engine 421 can be controlled by flight control system, push the first propeller 252 are moved to 90 ° of positions;Then it adjusts 441 control first motors 431 to work by the first electricity, first is driven by first motor 431 Propeller 252 rotates, and adjusts 441 to promote the rotating speed of first motor 431 by the first electricity so that the first propeller 252 Rotating speed increases.Meanwhile by flight control system, the second steering engine 422 is controlled, push the second propeller 262 to be moved to 90 ° of positions;So It adjusts 442 control third motors 433 to work by the second electricity afterwards, drives the second propeller 262 to rotate by third motor 433, and 442 are adjusted to promote the rotating speed of third motor 433 by the second electricity so that triple propeller rotating speed increases.Due to the first spiral Paddle 252 and the second propeller 262 are moved to 90 ° of positions, and the lift perpendicular to ground can be then provided for unmanned plane;And the The rotating speed of one propeller 252 and the second propeller 262 increases, and can then increase the lift of unmanned plane, finally so that unmanned plane After obtaining enough lift, take off vertically.
Second of embodiment is taken off the winged stage that flattens.It is in and takes off vertically in unmanned plane, and rise to certain altitude Afterwards.The first steering engine 421 can be controlled by flight control system, the first propeller 252 is pushed to be gradually moved into 0 ° of position;Then pass through First electricity adjusts 441 control first motors 431 to work, and drives the first propeller 252 to rotate by first motor 431, and pass through the One electricity adjusts 441 first to reduce the rotating speed of first motor 431, is then lifted out the rotating speed of first motor 431 so that the first propeller The ascending increase of 252 rotating speed.Meanwhile by flight control system, the second steering engine 422 is controlled, push the second propeller 262 to move It moves to 0 ° of position;Then it adjusts 442 control third motors 433 to work by the second electricity, the second propeller is driven by third motor 433 262 rotations, and adjust 442 first to reduce the rotating speed of third motor 433 by the second electricity, it is then lifted out turning for third motor 433 Speed so that the ascending increase of triple propeller rotating speed.Since the first propeller 252 and the second propeller 262 are moved to 0 ° of position can then provide the thrust for being parallel to ground for unmanned plane;And the first propeller 252 and the second propeller 262 Rotating speed increase after, can then increase the thrust of unmanned plane, finally so that unmanned plane obtain minimum flying speed, in the air into Row flight.
The third embodiment, landing phases.During unmanned plane is in flat and flies, the can be controlled by flight control system One steering engine 421 pushes the first propeller 252 to be gradually moved into 90 ° of positions from 0 °;Then 441 controls first are adjusted by the first electricity Motor 431 works, and drives the first propeller 252 to rotate by first motor 431, and adjusts 441 to reduce first by the first electricity The rotating speed of motor 431 so that the rotating speed of the first propeller 252 is gradually reduced.Meanwhile by flight control system, controlling the second steering engine 422, it pushes the second propeller 262 to be moved to and is gradually moved into 90 ° of positions from 0 °;Then 442 control thirds are adjusted by the second electricity Motor 433 works, and drives the second propeller 262 to rotate by third motor 433, and adjusts 442 to reduce third by the second electricity The rotating speed of motor 433 so that triple propeller rotating speed is gradually reduced.Since the first propeller 252 and the second propeller 262 move It moves to 90 ° of positions, the pulling force perpendicular to ground can be then provided for unmanned plane;And the first propeller 252 and the second spiral After the rotating speed of paddle 262 is gradually reduced, it can be then gradually reduced the thrust of unmanned plane, finally so that unmanned plane is under in the air gradually Drop to ground to be landed.
First end flank may include the first wing tip fastening end and the first wing tip open end, and the first of first end flank Wing tip fastening end can be fixedly connected with the first forward open end of the first wing 230, and the first wing tip open end deviates from first Forward open end, i.e. the first wing tip open end can be located at the lower section of unmanned aerial vehicle body 200.At this point, first end flank and first Wing 230 constitutes angle (abbreviation F1), and the range of the angle (abbreviation F1) can be 60 ° -90 °;The second of the second end flank Wing tip fastening end can be fixedly connected with the second forward open end of the second wing 240, and the second wing tip open end deviates from second Forward open end, i.e. the second wing tip open end are located at the lower section of unmanned aerial vehicle body 200.At this point, the second end flank and the second wing 240 constitute angle (abbreviation F2), and the range of the angle (abbreviation F2) can be 60 ° -90 °.Above-mentioned first wing tip open end and Two wing tip open ends can be using the center vertical pivot of fuselage 200 as symmetry axis, distribution axisymmetricly.Take the folder of above-mentioned F1 and F2 Angular region can reduce " induced drag " caused by the first wing tip trailing vortex and the second wing tip trailing vortex, be reduced to reach The destruction to lift is streamed, lift resistance ratio is improved, increases voyage, has the function that the technique effect for increasing lift.Meanwhile first end Portion's flank and the second end flank are all mutually perpendicular to level ground, so first end flank and the second end flank and ground Spacing is nearest, keeps the material needed for manufacture first end flank and the second end flank also less, to mitigate first end side The own wt of the wing and the second end flank, the overall weight for reducing unmanned plane have reached increase voyage, it is motor-driven to reduce nobody Power loss (such as:Oil consumption) technique effect.When unmanned plane drops to ground, first end flank and the second end flank are also The effect of undercarriage can be served as.
Fig. 4 is referred to, Fig. 4 is that the utility model embodiment provides a kind of side view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane.? The first aileron 280 is also provided on first wing 230, the first aileron 280 can be located at first close to the first wing 230 At forward open end, the first aileron 280 can be hinged with the first wing 230, i.e., the first aileron 280 can be relative to the first wing 230 move up and down.It is also provided with the second aileron 290 on the second wing 240, the second aileron 290 can be located at close to the At second forward open end of two wings 240, the second aileron 290 can be hinged with the second wing 240, i.e. the second aileron 290 can be with It is moved up and down relative to the second wing 240.First pair can be connected with motor respectively with the second aileron 290, pass through unmanned plane Flight control system controls motor, and first is secondary and/or second aileron 290 moves up and down driving, and then makes in nothing in-flight It is man-machine to be deflected to scheduled direction.
It can be fixedly installed U-shaped rise on the bottom (i.e. close to the side on ground) of the second ontology 220 of unmanned plane Frame is fallen, which is open towards ground, and undercarriage can integrally be made by foamed material, the angular aperture of U-shaped undercarriage It can be 90 ° -120 ° to spend range.When unmanned plane lands, the U-shaped undercarriage of foam can be touched in unmanned plane and ground During touching, the ability of shock is absorbed, reduces the impact force for facing unmanned plane in unmanned plane descent, to reach protection The safety of unmanned plane and airborne equipment.Also, when the opening angle of U-shaped undercarriage is 90 ° or 120 °, U-shaped undercarriage confrontation The ability of ground shock power is also strong, to improve the U-shaped undercarriage stability of itself.
For tail 300:
Tail 300 may include third front end 310, third ontology 320 and third rear end 330.
Third front end 310 and the second rear end 270 can be mutually detachably connected;Before third ontology 320 and third End 310 can be mutually permanently connected;Third rear end 330 and third ontology 320 can be mutually permanently connected.Wherein, Third ontology 320 can be arranged between third front end 310 and third rear end 330, and can be by third front end 310, third ontology 320 and third rear end 330, which are integrally formed, constitutes tail 300;
Also, empennage can be provided on third ontology 320.Empennage may include the first aerofoil plate 340 and second wing Panel 350, the first aerofoil plate 340 can be fixedly connected with third ontology 320, and the second aerofoil plate 350 can be with third ontology 320 It is fixedly connected, and the first aerofoil plate 340 can be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of third ontology 320 with the second aerofoil plate 350.Its In, the first aerofoil plate 340 and the second aerofoil plate 350 may be constructed v-shaped structure, and the angular range of v-shaped structure can be 70 °- 90°。
Fig. 5 is referred to, Fig. 5 is that the utility model embodiment provides a kind of front view schematic diagram of fixed-wing unmanned plane.Machine The third front end 310 of tail 300 can be mutually detachably connected with the second rear end 270 of fuselage 200.Third ontology 320 Between third front end 310 and third rear end 330, third ontology 320 can be rendered as cylindrical structure.In third ontology 320 can be equipped with empennage at third rear end 330.Third ontology 320, which is rendered as cylinder, to be in unmanned plane In flight course, resistance of the air-flow to unmanned plane is effectively reduced, increases the cruise duration of unmanned plane, improves the flight speed of unmanned plane Degree.
Tail 300 can be rudder-vator.Rudder-vator can form (i.e. 340 He of the first aerofoil plate by two aerofoils in left and right Second aerofoil plate 350), two aerofoils in left and right can be separately fixed on the third ontology 320 of tail 300, can be on band is big The horizontal tail of dihedral.Vee tail can have the function of vertical fin and horizontal tail concurrently.Aerofoil can be divided into fixed stabilization and hinged rudder face Two parts may be alternatively configured full ejector half formula.Two V-shaped tail surfaces have certain projected area, institute in vertical view and side-looking direction Longitudinal direction (pitching) and course-stability can be played simultaneously.When both sides, rudder face makees same direction deflection, lifting rudder action;Point When not making different directions deflection (differential), then direction rudder action can be played.But tail 300 can also be tailplane or hang down Straight tail, if tail 300 is tailplane, tailplane may be mounted on the third ontology 320 of tail 300;If tail 300 be vertical tail, then vertical tail can also be mounted on the third ontology 320 of tail 300.
If tail 300 is rudder-vator, which can be by 350 structure of the first aerofoil plate 340 and the second aerofoil plate At v-shaped structure, the angular range of v-shaped structure can be 70 ° -90 °, i.e. the folder of the first aerofoil plate 340 and the second aerofoil plate 350 Angle (abbreviation β) range can be 70 ° -90 °, which can be away from the direction of level ground.When Β=70 °, in nothing It is man-machine to fly the stage in flat, it can effectively stablize the course of unmanned plane;When Β=90 °, make the deflection of different directions in unmanned plane When, the effect of rudder can be provided for unmanned plane.
It (can mutually hang down with third ontology 320 side on side of the first aerofoil plate 340 towards third rear end 330 Aileron (abbreviation W1) can directly) be installed, W1 ailerons can be hinged with the first aerofoil plate 340, i.e. W1 ailerons can be relative to First aerofoil plate 340 moves up and down.It (side can be on side of the second aerofoil plate 350 towards third rear end 330 Three ontologies 320 are perpendicular) aileron (abbreviation W2) can also be installed, W2 ailerons can be hinged with the second aerofoil plate 350, i.e. W2 Aileron can be moved up and down relative to the second aerofoil plate 350.It, can be by controlling the upper of W1 and W2 when unmanned plane needs to turn to Lower movement, to change the navigation direction of unmanned plane.To realize that unmanned plane is flexibly flown towards all directions in the air.
For dynamical system 400:
Dynamical system 400 may include power supply part 410, displacement component 420, driving part 430 and regulating member 440.
Power supply part 410 can be provided with the first delivery outlet, the second delivery outlet, third delivery outlet and the 4th delivery outlet.Position It may include the first steering engine 421 and the second steering engine 422 to move component 420, and the first steering engine 421 is provided with the first input port, the first rudder First input port of machine 421 can be connected with the first delivery outlet;Second steering engine 422 is provided with the second input port, the second steering engine 422 The second input port can be connected with the second delivery outlet.
Driving part 430 may include first motor 431 and the second motor 432, and first motor 431 is provided with third input Mouthful, the second motor 432 is provided with the 4th input port;Regulating member 440 may include 441 and second electricity tune 442 of the first electric tune, the One electricity adjusts 441 to be provided with the 5th input port and the 5th delivery outlet, the first electricity adjust 441 the 5th input port can and power supply part 410 third delivery outlet connection, the first electricity adjust 441 the 5th delivery outlet that can be connected with the third input port of first motor 431. Second electricity tune 442 can be provided with the 6th input port and the 6th delivery outlet, and the second electricity adjusts 442 the 6th input port that can and power 4th delivery outlet of component 410 connects, and the second electricity adjusts 442 the 6th delivery outlet can be with the 4th input port of the second motor 432 Connection.
Fig. 6 is referred to, Fig. 6 is that the utility model embodiment provides a kind of knot of the dynamical system 400 of fixed-wing unmanned plane Structure block diagram.The dynamical system 400 of unmanned plane may include power supply part 410, displacement component 420, driving part 430 and adjustment portion Part 440.Power supply part 410 may include engine, generator, voltage-stablizer, accumulator.
Engine can be by the mechanical energy that can be converted into of other forms, such as engine is that two-stroke aviation piston starts Machine;Generator can convert the mechanical energy that engine generates to electric energy;Voltage-stablizer can keep electric caused by generator Stable voltage can be exported after voltage-stablizer, voltage-stablizer can be connected with accumulator.Accumulator is connect with voltage-stablizer Effect can be accumulator can provide electric energy for voltage-stablizer, and voltage-stablizer keeps the electric energy generated by accumulator defeated after voltage-stablizer Go out stable voltage;And if engine or generator break down, and when can not provide electric energy for unmanned plane, can cut automatically It is changed to storage battery power supply, electric energy is provided for unmanned plane by accumulator;If engine or power generation function normal work, can be nothing Man-machine offer electric energy, then accumulator stopping provide electric energy for unmanned plane;Certainly, can not be nothing if electric power deficiency occurs in accumulator Man-machine offer electric energy can be carried by engine or generator for accumulator by the normal work of engine either generator For electric energy, to supplement the electric energy of accumulator.
It, can not when engine or generator failure if only setting engine and generator provide electric energy for voltage-stablizer When providing electric energy for unmanned plane, unmanned plane in landing or in-flight will be faced with no power resources, and damage of falling The danger of bad unmanned plane;Or only setting accumulator provides electric energy for voltage-stablizer, when the failures such as electric energy deficiency, nothing occurs in accumulator When method provides electric energy for unmanned plane, unmanned plane in landing or in-flight will be faced with no power resources, and fall Damage the danger of unmanned plane.So providing electric energy by engine and generator for voltage-stablizer and accumulator provides for voltage-stablizer Electric energy, and this accumulator can mutually switch with generator and provide electric energy for voltage-stablizer, and unmanned plane can be overcome to fly In due to generator break down or accumulator break down, electric energy can not be provided for unmanned plane, make unmanned plane that will be faced with There is no power resources, and the technological deficiency for the damage unmanned plane that falls, reach the safety for improving unmanned plane, in-flight power Stability technique effect.
Meanwhile the burning voltage that voltage-stablizer is exported will enter current divider, each shunting delivery outlet of current divider can incite somebody to action Electric energy is assigned to displacement component 420, driving part 430 and regulating member 440, and current divider may be video camera, fly automatically Control system distributes electric energy, and the mode of the distribution electric energy can connect or use wireless power transmission by conducting wire, these It may also apply to the utility model.First delivery outlet of power supply part 410 can connect with the first input port of the first steering engine 421 It connects, the second delivery outlet of power supply part 410 can be connected with the second input port of the second steering engine 422, then pass through power supply part 410 provide electric energy for the first steering engine 421 and the second steering engine 422.First electricity adjust 441 the 5th input port can and power supply part 410 third delivery outlet connection, the first electricity adjust 441 the 5th delivery outlet that can be connected with the third input port of first motor 431; Second electricity adjusts 442 the 6th input port that can be connected with the 4th delivery outlet of power supply part 410, and the 6th of the second electricity tune 442 is defeated Outlet can be connected with the 4th input port of the second motor 432.So that adjusting 441 to control first motor 431 by the first electricity Rotating speed, the second electricity adjust 442 to control the rotating speed of the second motor 432.To pass through the flight from ground remote control device into unmanned plane Control system sends control instruction, and by flight control system come control the first steering engine 421 of unmanned plane, the second steering engine 422, The working condition of first motor 431 and the second motor 432, and then reach and the state of unmanned plane landing, flight is controlled Technique effect.
It is noted that flight control system is mainly by controlling the first steering engine 421, to drive first to vert component 253 movement, with control the first propeller 252 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °) in the range of rotated;Pass through control Second steering engine 422, come drive second vert component 263 move, with control the second propeller 262 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 ° - It is rotated in the range of (- 90 °);Also, by the rotating speed for controlling first motor 431, to control the first propeller 252 Rotating speed;By controlling the rotating speed of third motor 433, to control the rotating speed of the second propeller 262.So that by flight control system pair It is carried out in the range of angle of inclination (i.e. the first propeller 252 0 ° -90 ° and/or 0 °-(- 90 °)) of first propeller 252 Rotation and rotating speed, and angle of inclination and rotating speed to the second propeller 262 regulation and control.Reach and is controlled by flight control system The motion state of unmanned plane landing processed, flight, and control the technique effect of the movement speed of unmanned plane landing, flight.
The utility model provides a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane, by being exported the first of power supply part Mouth is connected with the first input port of the first steering engine, the second input port connection of the second delivery outlet and the second steering engine of power supply part; The 5th input port connection that the third delivery outlet of power supply part and the first electricity are adjusted, the 5th delivery outlet and first motor that the first electricity is adjusted Third input port connection;The 6th input port connection that 4th delivery outlet of power supply part and the second electricity are adjusted, the second electricity adjust the 4th input port of six delivery outlets and the second motor connects;Then it is the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor The energy of different size demand is provided, meets the normal work of the first steering engine, the second steering engine, first motor and the second motor, makes Unmanned plane normally can be lifted and be flown.Meet the needs of each electrical appliance of unmanned plane is to the energy to reach, improves The technique effect of the practicability of unmanned plane.
It should be noted last that the above specific implementation mode is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model rather than limit System, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to example, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that, it can be right The technical solution of the utility model is modified or replaced equivalently, without departing from the spirit and model of technical solutions of the utility model It encloses, should all cover in the right of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane, which is characterized in that the dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane System includes:
Power supply part, the power supply part are provided with the first delivery outlet, the second delivery outlet, third delivery outlet and the 4th delivery outlet;
Displacement component, the displacement component include the first steering engine and the second steering engine, and first steering engine is provided with the first input port, First input port is connected with first delivery outlet;Second steering engine is provided with the second input port, second input Mouth is connected with second delivery outlet;
Driving part, the driving part include first motor and the second motor, and the first motor is provided with third input port, Second motor is provided with the 4th input port;
Regulating member, the regulating member include that first the second electricity of electricity reconciliation is adjusted, and first electricity, which is adjusted, is provided with the 5th input port With the 5th delivery outlet, the 5th input port is connected with the third delivery outlet, the 5th delivery outlet and third input Mouth connection;Second electricity, which is adjusted, is provided with the 6th input port and the 6th delivery outlet, the 6th input port and the 4th output Mouth connection, the 6th delivery outlet are connected with the 4th input port.
2. as described in claim 1 be used for fixed-wing unmanned plane dynamical system, which is characterized in that it is described for fixed-wing without Man-machine dynamical system includes:
The first motor is provided with the first drive shaft and first base, and first drive shaft and the first propeller, which are fixed, to be connected It connects, the first base is fixedly connected with the first pedestal.
3. as claimed in claim 2 be used for fixed-wing unmanned plane dynamical system, which is characterized in that it is described for fixed-wing without Man-machine dynamical system includes:
Second motor is provided with the second drive shaft and second base, and the second base is fixedly connected with second end, described Second drive shaft is fixedly connected with the first rotor;
Wherein, the rotational plane of second drive shaft and first rotor is perpendicular.
4. being used for the dynamical system of fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The power supply part further includes the 6th delivery outlet;
The driving part further includes third motor, and the third motor is provided with the 7th input port, the 7th input port and The 6th delivery outlet connection.
5. being used for the dynamical system of fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The third motor is provided with third drive shaft and third pedestal, and the third drive shaft and the second propeller, which are fixed, to be connected It connects, the third pedestal and the second pedestal are fixedly connected.
6. being used for the dynamical system of fixed-wing unmanned plane as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The power supply part further includes the 7th delivery outlet;
The driving part further includes the 4th motor, and the 4th motor is provided with the 8th input port, the 8th input port and The 7th delivery outlet connection.
7. as claimed in claim 6 be used for fixed-wing unmanned plane dynamical system, which is characterized in that it is described for fixed-wing without Man-machine dynamical system includes:
4th motor is provided with the 4th drive shaft and the 4th pedestal, and the 4th pedestal and the 4th end are fixedly connected, described 4th drive shaft is fixedly connected with the second rotor;
Wherein, the rotational plane of the 4th drive shaft and second rotor is perpendicular.
8. as claimed in claim 7 be used for fixed-wing unmanned plane dynamical system, which is characterized in that it is described for fixed-wing without Man-machine dynamical system includes:
First steering engine includes first rotating shaft and the first fastening seat, and the first rotating shaft is connected with first pedestal, described First fastening seat and the first limiting slot are fixedly connected;
Wherein, the first rotating shaft is arranged between first pedestal and first limiting slot.
9. as claimed in claim 8 be used for fixed-wing unmanned plane dynamical system, which is characterized in that it is described for fixed-wing without Man-machine dynamical system includes:
Second steering engine includes the second shaft and the second fastening seat, and second shaft is connected with second pedestal, described Second fastening seat and the second limiting slot are fixedly connected;
Wherein, second shaft is arranged between second pedestal and second limiting slot.
CN201820136054.4U 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane Expired - Fee Related CN208021763U (en)

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CN201820136054.4U CN208021763U (en) 2018-01-26 2018-01-26 Dynamical system for fixed-wing unmanned plane

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