CN208020326U - A kind of automatic board descending machine and automatic board descending system - Google Patents

A kind of automatic board descending machine and automatic board descending system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208020326U
CN208020326U CN201820360439.9U CN201820360439U CN208020326U CN 208020326 U CN208020326 U CN 208020326U CN 201820360439 U CN201820360439 U CN 201820360439U CN 208020326 U CN208020326 U CN 208020326U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pallet
station
straight line
plate
lead screw
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201820360439.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田武俊
李昌来
李宏杰
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Dongguan City Ao Shangte Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Dongguan City Ao Shangte Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820360439.9U priority Critical patent/CN208020326U/en
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Publication of CN208020326U publication Critical patent/CN208020326U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to pcb board procedure for processing technical field of automation, is particularly suitable for the arrangement of pcb board automatic disc filling, the automation equipment of storage.The utility model is related to a kind of automatic board descending machine and automatic board descending system, including rack and be respectively arranged in the rack into trigger structure, send pallet body and discharging mechanism.The Material moving device is set to PCB board separators rear end, and described to send pallet body include from into several mechanisms such as pcb board, pallet crawl, pcb board is put, pallet shift, pallet dress tote cart.Compared with the existing technology, since the utility model includes several groups transfer module mechanism, therefore the polylith pcb board divided can be carried out while sequentially puts pallet, it is packed into a series of automated jobs such as tote cart storage, to substantially increase the rate of coming into force, cost of labor is reduced, and the automatic flow of processing procedure may be implemented.Therefore the high degree of automation of the utility model, it is suitable for mass production.

Description

A kind of automatic board descending machine and automatic board descending system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to pcb board procedure for processing automatic field, being suitable for pcb board certainly more particularly, to one kind Trigger and automatic board descending system under the automation of dynamic dress pallet storage.
Background technology
Lower trigger is put for the printed circuit board (PCB) of well cutting, a kind of electronic equipment of storage.Generally, by people The pcb board manual arrangement of well cutting is filled pallet, storage, transfer by work.
But manual work, labor intensity is big, inefficient, higher so as to cause cost.
In view of this, it is necessory to provide universal lower trigger, using automated job, disposably by the PCB of piecemeal Plate completes dress tray storage, substantially increases production efficiency, reduces cost of labor.Moreover, the degree of automation is higher, and can be with Subsequent technique is connected, realizes whole flow process automated production.
Utility model content
For the disadvantages described above or Improvement requirement of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of automatic board descending machine, mesh Be, for the deficiency of existing manufacturing process, by improving transport, transfer, cutting agency, using automated production, realization Continuous automatic job reduces cost of labor, moreover, it can also realize the company with subsequent job to greatly improve production efficiency It connects, the degree of automation is higher.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
A kind of automatic board descending machine, including:Into trigger structure, move trigger structure, shifting pallet body, pallet charging and discharging mechanism, blank panel Lift truck and dishful lift truck;
Include first straight line moving parts and supporting plate into trigger structure, it is first straight to be fixed on first straight line moving parts for supporting plate On line mover;When work, first straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to drive supporting plate into plate station and taking between plate station It moves back and forth, will wait for that loading board takes plate station from being transported into plate station;
The initial position of trigger structure is moved positioned at taking above plate station, trigger structure is moved with plate manipulator is moved, is used to reach Take plate station waits for that loading board is transferred to sabot station, and will wait for that loading board is packed on the empty pallet of sabot station;
It includes second straight line moving parts and movable plate to move pallet body, and movable plate is fixed on second straight line moving parts On second straight line mover, movable plate is for carrying and/or pushing pallet;When work, second straight line mover linear reciprocating motion from And movable plate is driven to be moved back and forth between dishful station in sabot station and taking, the dishful pallet of plate will be installed from sabot station It is transported to and takes dishful station;
Pallet charging and discharging mechanism includes third linear motion component, pallet loading assemblies, the 4th linear motion component and support Disk blanking component;
Pallet loading assemblies are fixed on the third straight line mover of third linear motion component, and pallet loading assemblies have upper Expect manipulator;When work, third straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to drive pallet loading assemblies taking blank panel station and dress Moved back and forth between disk station, with by feeding manipulator by empty pallet from taking blank panel station to be transported to sabot station, and will be empty Pallet is positioned on the movable plate of sabot station;
Pallet blanking component is fixed on the 4th straight line mover of the 4th linear motion component, under pallet blanking component has Expect manipulator;When work, the 4th straight line mover linear reciprocating motion to drive pallet blanking component take dishful station and under Moved back and forth between material station, with by blanking mechanical hand by the dishful pallet for installing plate from taking dishful station to be transported to blankers Position, by the dishful pallet for installing plate from taking dishful station to be transported to discharge station.
Further, first straight line moving parts include first straight line sliding rail, the first screw component and send pan motor;First Line slide rail includes the first guide rail and the first sliding block slided on the first guide rail, and the first screw component includes the first lead screw and the One straight line mover, first straight line mover are the first guide sleeve moved on the first lead screw, and the first guide rail is parallel with the first lead screw to be set It sets;The first lead screw of output axis connection of pan motor, supporting plate is sent to be fixed on the first sliding block and the first guide sleeve;
When work, pan motor is sent to drive the first lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive the first supporting plate along first by the first guide sleeve Guide rail is moved back and forth into plate station and taking between plate station, will wait for that loading board takes plate station from being transported into plate station.
Further, include three position control mechanisms into trigger structure, be respectively arranged on starting point, the terminal of the first guide bush movement And abnormal position, judged with the signal received in corresponding position according to three position control mechanisms and control send pan motor to work State.
Further, second straight line moving parts include second straight line sliding rail, the second screw component and shifting holding tray motor;The Two line slide rails include the second guide rail and the second sliding block slided on the second guide rail, the second screw component include the second lead screw and Second straight line mover, second straight line mover are the second guide sleeve moved on the second lead screw, and the second guide rail is parallel with the second lead screw Setting;The second lead screw of output axis connection of holding tray motor is moved, movable plate is fixed on the second sliding block and the second guide sleeve;
It when work, moves holding tray motor and drives the second lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive movable plate along second by the second guide sleeve Guide rail is moved back and forth in sabot station and taking between dishful station, and the dishful pallet for installing plate is transported to from sabot station and is taken Dishful station.
Further, third linear motion component includes third line slide rail, third screw component and translation motor;Third Line slide rail includes third guide rail and the third sliding block slided on third guide rail, and third screw component includes third lead screw and Three straight line movers, third straight line mover are the third guide sleeve moved on third lead screw, and third guide rail is parallel with third lead screw to be set It sets;The output axis connection third lead screw of disk motor is translated, movable plate is fixed on third sliding block and third guide sleeve;
When work, translation motor drives third lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive pallet loading assemblies edge by third guide sleeve Third guide rail is moved back and forth between blank panel station and sabot station taking, by empty pallet from taking blank panel station to be transported to sabot work Position.
Further, the 4th linear motion component includes the 4th line slide rail, the 4th screw component and blanking motor;4th Line slide rail includes the 4th guide rail and the Four-slider that is slided on the 4th guide rail, and the 4th screw component includes the 4th lead screw and the Four straight line movers, the 4th straight line mover are the 4th guide sleeve moved on the 4th lead screw, and the 4th guide rail is parallel with the 4th lead screw to be set It sets;The 4th lead screw of output axis connection of blanking motor, movable plate are fixed on Four-slider and the 4th guide sleeve;
When work, blanking motor drives the 4th lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive pallet blanking component edge by the 4th guide sleeve 4th guide rail is moved back and forth between dishful station and discharge station taking, by the dishful pallet for installing plate from taking dishful station to transport It send to discharge station.
Further, third linear motion component includes the 5th guide sleeve moved on third lead screw and in third guide rail 5th sliding block of upper sliding;Trigger structure is moved to be fixed on the 5th guide sleeve and the 5th sliding block;When work, translation motor drives third Lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive pallet loading assemblies respectively by third guide sleeve and the 5th guide sleeve and move trigger structure synchronous reciprocating fortune It is dynamic.
Further, at least one in the blanking mechanical hand of the feeding manipulator of pallet loading assemblies and pallet blanking component It is a to include:Square frame, two claws and two twin shaft cylinders;Two twin shaft cylinders are symmetrically disposed on square frame both sides, And cylinder axis is arranged outward;Two claw one-to-one correspondence are installed on the cylinder axis of two twin shaft cylinders.
Further, square frame is there are two opposite side, and one of side is equipped with an exhausting hole, on another side Equipped with a sliding slot parallel with through-hole;Two equal one end of cylinder mounting plate parallel to each other are placed in sliding slot, and the other end passes through Bolt and nut is fixed in through-holes;Two twin shaft cylinders, which correspond, to be mounted on two cylinder mounting plates.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model also adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of automatic board descending system, including control Automatic board descending machine described in unit processed and any one as above;Control unit includes controller, display screen and control button, is shown Display screen and control button are connect with controller;Controller is used to be controlled into plate according to control instruction that is default and/or inputting in real time Mechanism, the work schedule for moving trigger structure, moving pallet body, pallet charging and discharging mechanism, blank panel lift truck and dishful lift truck;Display Screen is used for real-time display working condition;Control button is for inputting and/or selecting control instruction.
In general, the above technical solutions conceived by the present invention are compared with the prior art, as a result of Multiple manipulator linkage operations improve the working efficiency of process, can carry out to the polylith pcb board divided while sequentially put Pallet, be packed into a series of automated jobs such as tote cart storage reduces cost of labor to substantially increase the rate of coming into force, and And the automatic flow of processing procedure may be implemented.Therefore the high degree of automation of the utility model, it is suitable for mass production.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional assembling schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1, rack 1 is omitted and into trigger structure 2;
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram into trigger structure in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the front view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the vertical view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram that trigger structure is moved in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram that pallet body is moved in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the back sides Fig. 1 pallet blanking assembly layout schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the manipulator stereoscopic schematic diagram of pallet loading assemblies, pallet blanking component in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the front view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is Fig. 1 hollow discs lift truck and dishful pallet lift car dimensional structure diagram.
In all the appended drawings, identical reference numeral is used for indicating identical element or structure, wherein:
1- racks
2- is into trigger structure 21- the first bottom plate the first support plates of 22-
23- the first guide rail 24- the first sliding block 25- the first lead screw support plates
26- is into pan motor 27- position sensor 28- supporting plates
The first lead screws of 29-
3- moves trigger structure 31- substrates the first lifting assemblies of 32-
33- rotates driven wheel 34- rotation motors the first lift motors of 35-
36- translates component 37- suction plate component 38- rotation motor mounting bases
4- moves pallet body 41- movable supporting plate 42- regulation handles
43- fixed support plates 44- moves holding tray motor 45- movable plates
46- guide grooves 47- the second guide rail the second sliding blocks of 48-
The second lead screws of 49-
5- pallet charging and discharging mechanism 51- pallet loading assemblies 52- pallet blanking components
The 4th guide rails of the 4th lead screw support plate 54- translation motors 55- of 53-
The 4th lead screw 58- third guide rails of 56- blanking motors 57-
59- third lead screws
6- blank panel lift truck 7- dishful lift trucks
61, the second support plates of 71- 62,72- motor mount plates 63,73- third support plates
64, the second lifting assemblies of 74- 65,75- bracket components 66, the 4th support plates of 76-
67,77- width adjustings component 68, the second bottom plates of 78- 69,79- tray support plates
A- takes plate station C- sabot stations into plate station B-
D- takes blank panel station E- to take dishful station F- discharge stations
P- empty pallets
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain The utility model is not used to limit the utility model.In addition, institute in the various embodiments of the present invention described below The technical characteristic being related to can be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, automatic board descending machine provided by the utility model, including rack 1 shown in Fig. 1 and be respectively set In in rack 1 into trigger structure 2, move trigger structure 3, move pallet body 4, pallet charging and discharging mechanism 5, blank panel lift truck 6 and dishful Lift truck 7.The pcb board of piecemeal is sent into shifting trigger structure 3 from into trigger structure 2, and empty pallet is by blank panel lift truck 6 by pallet loading assemblies After 51 grab the balance station on shifting pallet body 4, trigger structure 3 is moved by pcb board by putting empty pallet into the crawl of trigger structure 2 In, the full tray equipped with pcb board is then pushed into lower plate station by shifting pallet body 4, is filled after being captured by pallet blanking component 52 Enter the crawl of dishful lift truck 7.PCB plates and pallet feeding synchronously completes.That is, moving trigger structure has multigroup mechanical arm, It is moved in pallet body 4 so as to disposably be placed into pcb board and pallet.It moves trigger structure and moves the translation of empty pallet mechanism and share One motor, elevating mechanism individually control, and programmed logic is to put pcb board after advanced empty pallet, fill after disk integrally by pleading disk Mechanism is pushed into move at full tray station.Pcb board can as required be put into pallet.Wherein, in the present embodiment, everything is all provided with It is set to servo motor control, can meet and various put requirement.It is versatile.
Wherein, as shown in Figs. 4-6, into trigger structure 2 include the first bottom plate 21, be respectively arranged on the first bottom plate 21 the One support plate 22, the first guide rail 23, the first sliding block 24, the first lead screw support plate 25, into pan motor 26, position control mechanism 27, Supporting plate 28 and the first lead screw 29.Wherein, the first support plate 22 is set as 2 and parallel to each other, and the first guide rail 23 is located at first Between fagging 22, accurate lead screw guide sleeve 24 is located at the top of the first guide rail 23;First lead screw support plate 25 be set as 2 and mutually Parallel, the first guide rail 23 is located on the first bottom plate 21, stepper motor 26 is set between the first lead screw support plate 25 The side of first lead screw support plate 25, position control mechanism 27 are located on the first bottom plate 21, and supporting plate 28 is located at the first guide rail 23 On;First straight line mover is the accurate lead screw guide sleeve coordinated with the first lead screw 29.
It is additionally provided with position control mechanism into trigger structure 2, when position control mechanism senses pcb board, is just passed signal Stepper motor 26 is passed, and then stepper motor 26 is made to start to rotate, to drive 23 setting in motion of the first guide rail, supporting plate 28 is passed Send to take plate station waiting instruction.Wherein position control mechanism is provided with 3, distinguishes 28 origin of supporting plate in order to control, controls supporting plate 28 terminals and control supporting plate 28 surpass the alert program of setting.The position control mechanism 27 of the present embodiment is three laser inductors, The laser inductor of triggering corresponding position when being placed with PCB on supporting plate 28 and supporting plate 28 drives PCB movements.In other embodiment In, the inductor of 27 leftmost side of Fig. 4 position control mechanisms can also use pressure sensor, be triggered when PCB is put into supporting plate 28 Pressure sensor.
In the present embodiment, the length 350MM width for the pcb board that can be put into trigger structure is 350MM, send plate speed reachable To 500-800mm/s.
Operation principle into trigger structure is:Supporting plate 28 is initially positioned in into plate station A, and pcb board is entered from front board Supporting plate 28, when position control mechanism 27 senses supplied materials, motor 26 starts running, to drive accurate lead screw guide sleeve 24 to start Rotation drives the movement of the first guide rail 23 to drive supporting plate 28 to taking plate station B to move.When position control mechanism 27 senses supporting plate 28 Material, which has arrived at, takes plate station B, moves trigger structure 3 and siphons away pcb board, and supporting plate 28 is returned into plate station A, and preparation is put next Block pcb board.
As shown in fig. 7, it further includes substrate 31, the first lifting assembly 32, rotation driven wheel 33, rotation motor to move trigger structure 3 34, the first lift motor 35, translation component 36, suction plate component 37 and rotation motor mounting base 38.First lift motor 35, translation Component 36 may be contained on substrate 31, and rotation motor 34, rotation driven wheel 33 are set in rotation motor mounting base 38, rotate horse It is connect up to mounting base 38 with substrate 31, the centre rotational axis of suction plate component 37 is arranged by bearing connection on motor mount 38. The centre rotational axis upper end of suction plate component 37 is fixedly connected with rotation driven wheel 33, rotates the defeated of driven wheel 33 and rotation motor 34 Shaft can connect transmission by modes such as belt pulley, sprocket wheel, annular racks.The present embodiment translates component 36 The sliding block of 58 cooperations.When installation, the mover of third lead screw 59 is fixedly connected with substrate 31.
In the present embodiment, the length 350MM width for moving the pcb board that trigger structure 3 can be applicable in is 350MM, can be applicable in The pcb board of a variety of P numbers increases rotating mechanism 33, it can be achieved that any angle of pcb board is put.
Moving the operation principle of trigger structure is:First lift motor 35 controls the first lifting assembly 32 and drives rotation motor 34 real Existing elevating movement drives rotation driven wheel 33 that suction plate component 37 is driven to rotate pcb board, and follows translation by rotation motor 34 Component 36 does translational motion along third guide rail 58.Realize that the crawl lifting of pcb board machine, rotation move to sabot station.
Rotation driven wheel 33 is controlled by rotation motor 34, it can be achieved that any angle of product is put.In the present embodiment, lead to Overregulating the program parameter of 34 device of rotation motor can make the utility model be applicable to the PCB of long × wide (350 × 350) Plate.Suction plate component 37 is provided with multiple suction nozzles can draw multiple PCB platelets simultaneously, and arranged in sequence (according to actual requirement, can revolve Turn any angle).In the present embodiment, the suction nozzle of suction plate component 37 is set in the through slot opened up on cross mounting bracket, is led to It crosses nut to fix, the specific location of suction nozzle can be adjusted according to different product utilization nut tightness adjustings.
Include movable supporting plate 41, regulation handle 42, fixed support plate 43 and move pallet as shown in figure 8, moving pallet body 4 Motor 44, movable plate 45.Fixed support plate 43 is arranged on the second bottom plate of board, and movable supporting plate 41 passes through regulation handle 42 It is connected and fixed support plate 43.Fixed support plate 43, regulation handle 42, movable supporting plate 41 are disposed as 2 groups, are distributed in both sides, It can be by simultaneously to intermediate regulations.It moves holding tray motor 44 and movable plate 45 is arranged on the second bottom plate of board, two pieces of fixed branch The centre of fagging 43.Empty pallet P is captured by mechanical arm by manipulator on lift truck put position to pallet after for putting PCB product.
In the present embodiment, two fixed support plates 43 are fixedly connected by two fixed links parallel to each other, two work Dynamic support plate 41 is penetrated by above-mentioned two bars respectively.Each regulation handle 42 all has threaded rod, and threaded rod is parallel with fixed link, And penetrate the fixed support plate 43 and movable supporting plate 41 of corresponding side.Each threaded rod passes through spiral shell with corresponding movable supporting plate 41 Line connects.The movable supporting plate 41 of the present embodiment is equipped with guide groove 46, is used to support and guides pcb board advance.
In the present embodiment, move the maximum appearance and size of pallet that pallet body 4 can be applicable in be length × width × height (380 × 380 × 50), tray outline minimum dimension is long × wide (120 × 120)
Moving the operation principle of pallet body 4 is:The setting of fixed support plate 43 positions in rack 1, when rotation regulation handle When 42 drive threaded rods are rotated forward or inverted, rotary freedom is limited since 41 both ends of movable supporting plate are fixed bar, activity Support plate 41 threadingly bar can only advance or retreat, to realize width adjusting.Movable plate 45 is controlled by shifting holding tray motor 44, Return, waiting act next time again after execution.
As shown in Fig. 1~3 and Fig. 9, pallet charging and discharging mechanism 5 includes pallet loading assemblies 51, pallet blanking component 52, the Four lead screw support plates 53, translation motor 54, the 4th guide rail 55, blanking motor 56, the 4th lead screw 57, third guide rail 58 and third Lead screw 59.Two third guide rails 58 and third lead screw 59 are parallel to each other, and third lead screw 59 is located between two third guide rails 58.Please With reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, pallet loading assemblies 51, the translation of pallet blanking component 52, lifting construction and translation, It is identical as substrate 31, the first lifting assembly 32, the first lift motor 35, the translation component 36 of trigger structure 3 is moved to lift principle.Area It is not, pallet loading assemblies 51, pallet blanking component 52 are that manipulator is mounted on lifting assembly, in lift motor It is lifted under control.
In the present embodiment, the blanking mechanical hand knot of the feeding manipulator of pallet loading assemblies 51 and pallet blanking component 52 Structure is identical, please refers to Figure 12, Figure 11, the piece mark marked as pallet blanking component 52 in bracket.Pallet loading assemblies 51 Feeding manipulator include 511, two claws 512 of square frame and two twin shaft cylinders 513.511 level of square frame is put Set and be fixed on lifting assembly 514, two twin shaft cylinders 513 are symmetrically disposed on 511 both sides of square frame, and cylinder axis to Outer setting directly can control gripping range using the minimum stroke of cylinder axis, without deliberately controlling gripping power, one Sample can avoid pressing from both sides bad pcb board.Two one-to-one correspondence of claw 512 are installed on the cylinder axis of two twin shaft cylinders 513, thus It is close to each other or separate under the driving of two twin shaft cylinders 513, realize the gripping and release of pcb board.There are two square frames 511 Relative edge 515, and one of side 515 is equipped with an exhausting hole 516, another side 515 is parallel with through-hole 516 equipped with one Sliding slot 517;Two 518 equal one end of cylinder mounting plate parallel to each other are placed in sliding slot 517, and the other end passes through bolt and nut (not shown) is fixed in through-hole 516;Two twin shaft cylinders 513, which correspond, to be mounted on two cylinder mounting plates 518.Pass through Adjustment bolt nut coordinates from different through-holes 516, thus it is possible to vary the position of two cylinder mounting holes, so as to adjust gripping model It encloses.
As shown in figure 12, blank panel lifting mechanism of car 6 is identical with dishful lifting 7 structure of mechanism of car, therefore is incorporated in Figure 12 progress Displaying, the interior piece mark that mechanism of car 7 is lifted for dishful of Figure 12 brackets.It is introduced so that blank panel lifts mechanism of car 6 as an example below: It includes bottom plate 68 that blank panel, which lifts mechanism of car 6, is set on board bottom plate, support plate 61 is set on bottom plate 68, motor mount plate 62 are set in support plate 61, and elevating mechanism 64 is connected to by slide unit on tray support plate 63.Bracket institution 65 is set to branch It is set under fagging 63 on elevating mechanism 64, is moved up and down together by motor driving.Support plate 66 is set to elevating mechanism On 64, width adjustment mechanism 67 is set among two pieces of support plates 66, and pallet placement plate is set on support plate 66.
In the present embodiment, the maximum shape ruler for the pallet that blank panel lifting mechanism of car 6 and dishful lifting mechanism of car 7 can be applicable in Very little is length × width × height (380 × 380 × 50), and tray outline minimum dimension is long × wide (120 × 120), pallet stack size Height about 300.
Blank panel lifts 6 operation principle of mechanism of car:Lift truck in place after, testing agency control elevating mechanism 64 set by program Fixed program automatic lifting tray support plate 63, bracket institution 65 and width adjustment mechanism 67.Realize automatic pallet up and down.
In order to improve the degree of automation, lower trigger further includes control unit, and control unit is set to rack 1, control unit Including controller, display screen and control button, display screen and control button are connect with controller.The supplied materials of slab feeding mechanism senses Device, material folding cylinder sensor, main motor, the motor of pop-up disc mechanism and Material moving device motor connect with controller, rack 1 On be additionally provided with alarm, alarm is connect with controller, when occurring abnormal during the scoreboard, alarm equipment alarm, to remind Staff carries out shutdown operation or has controller to carry out shutdown operation.Counting module is set in controller, can preset and add Work yield can intuitively be shown on a display screen.Disposably fritter pcb board can be completed balance process in a word, greatly improved Production efficiency, reduces cost of labor, and automatic charging may be implemented, automatic blanking, therefore the utility model is automatic Change degree is high, suitable for mass production.
The present embodiment has following 6 stations:Into plate station A, take plate station B, sabot station C, take blank panel station D, take it is full Disk station E, discharge station F, easy for narration such as Fig. 2,3, hereinafter each station is replaced with corresponding letter.
With reference to Fig. 2~10, with original state move down the supporting plate 28 of trigger structure 2, the suction plate component 37 of Suction plate mechanism 3, Move movable plate 45, pallet feed mechanism 51, blank panel lifting mechanism of car 6, pallet cutting agency 52, the dishful lift truck of pallet body Mechanism 7 is located at for A, C, C, D, D, E, F station, and the workflow of the utility model is discussed in detail.
(1) manually or using automation instrument PCB1 is placed on supporting plate 28, pressure sensor or infrared sensor inspection Measuring has PCB1 on supporting plate 28, feedback signal to controller, and controller control send pan motor 26 to rotate forward, and drives supporting plate 28 by PCB1 It is sent from A stations to B stations;The motor that controller starts blank panel lift truck 6 rotates forward, and support plate 69, which rises, send empty pallet P1 into D Station is in place;
(2) controller starts the lift motor rotating forward of pallet feed mechanism 51, falls manipulator crawl empty pallet P1, then Reversion rises;
(3) controller control translation motor 54 inverts, and third guide sleeve and the 5th guide sleeve is driven to drive the suction disc of Suction plate mechanism 3 37 pallet feed mechanism 51 of component moves synchronously, suction plate component 37 from C stations to B stations, pallet feed mechanism 51 from D stations to C stations;
(4) suction plate component 37 is fallen in controller control lift motor 35 rotating forward, is started vacuum suction apparatus and is picked up PCB1, so Reversion rises afterwards;The lift motor that controller starts pallet feed mechanism 51 rotates forward, and falls manipulator and empty pallet P1 is placed on two On block movable supporting plate 41, then reversion rises;
(5) controller starts translation motor 54 and rotates forward, and third guide sleeve and the 5th guide sleeve is driven to drive the suction disc of Suction plate mechanism 3 37 pallet feed mechanism 51 of component moves synchronously, and the carrying pcb board of suction plate component 37 is from B stations to C stations, pallet feed mechanism 51 Zero load is simultaneously back to D stations from C stations;
(6) controller startup send pan motor 26 to invert, and drives unloaded supporting plate 28 to return to A stations from B stations and loads PCB2; Then controller control send pan motor 26 to rotate forward, and driving supporting plate 28 send PCB2 plates to B stations from A stations;Controller starts empty The motor of disk lift truck 6 rotates forward, and support plate 69 rises empty pallet P2 feeding D stations is in place;
(7) suction plate component 37 is fallen in controller startup lift motor 35 rotating forward, controls vacuum suction apparatus off-load by PCB1 Plate is placed on empty pallet, and then reversion drives suction plate component 37 to rise;
(8) step (2)~(7) are repeated, are recycled into next sabot;Since recycling the 2nd sabot, repeat to walk every time Suddenly during (2) (3), controller also executes follow-up blanking circulation step (9)~(11) of last sabot, each sabot cycle Before step (4) places empty pallet, (10) are finished the step of upper blanking cycle, blanking circulation step (9)~(11) It is as follows:
(9) controller, which starts, moves the rotating forward of holding tray motor 44, and driving movable plate 45 pushes the pallet P1 equipped with PCB1 from C to E, The lift motor of pallet cutting agency 52 rotates forward, and falls manipulator pallet P1 of the gripping equipped with PCB1, then controls lift motor Reversion rises;
(10) controller, which starts, moves the reversion of holding tray motor 44, and unloaded movable plate 45 is driven to return to C from E;
(11) controller starts blanking motor 56 and rotates forward, driving pallet cutting agency 52 carry the pallet P1 equipped with PCB1 from Then E to F controls lift motor and rotates forward, falls the dishful branch that the pallet P1 equipped with PCB1 is put into dishful lift truck 7 by manipulator Fagging 79;Controller starts the motor reversion of full lift truck 7, and dishful support plate 79 declines the height of a dishful, for next time Blanking is prepared;(10) and (11) in no particular order.
The utility model from movable pendulum pallet, pallet stack, independent vehicle suitable for storing and connecting certainly after the cutting of pcb board Dynamic storage.It can also promote and apply to the automatic putting pile of other planks.
The utility model is 380 × 380 to maximum pallet dimension, and operating temperature is 10-35 DEG C, and working power is 220V。
In other embodiments, the pallet lift mechanism of car includes appearance metal plate, width adjustment mechanism, pallet ordering machine Structure and universal caster wheel, the appearance metal plate are placed in outside the width adjustment mechanism and pallet arranging mechanism, the width adjusting Mechanism is located at the following of the pallet arranging mechanism, and the universal caster wheel is connect by sheet metal component with pallet arranging mechanism, institute State universal caster wheel position and appearance metal plate bottom.
As it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that the above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, not To limit the utility model, any modification made within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent replacement and change Into etc., it should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.In addition, although having used some specific arts in this specification Language, these terms are merely for convenience of description, does not constitute any restrictions to the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic board descending machine, which is characterized in that including:Into trigger structure, move trigger structure, shifting pallet body, pallet loading and unloading Mechanism, blank panel lift truck and dishful lift truck;
Include first straight line moving parts and supporting plate into trigger structure, the first straight line that supporting plate is fixed on first straight line moving parts is dynamic On son;When work, first straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to drive supporting plate into plate station and taking reciprocal between plate station Movement will wait for that loading board takes plate station from being transported into plate station;
The initial position of trigger structure is moved positioned at taking above plate station, trigger structure is moved with plate manipulator is moved, plate is taken for that will reach Station waits for that loading board is transferred to sabot station, and will wait for that loading board is packed on the empty pallet of sabot station;
It includes second straight line moving parts and movable plate to move pallet body, and movable plate is fixed on the second of second straight line moving parts On straight line mover, movable plate is for carrying and/or pushing pallet;When work, second straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to band Dynamic movable plate is moved back and forth in sabot station and taking between dishful station, and the dishful pallet that will install plate is transported from sabot station To taking dishful station;
Pallet charging and discharging mechanism includes under third linear motion component, pallet loading assemblies, the 4th linear motion component and pallet Expect component;
Pallet loading assemblies are fixed on the third straight line mover of third linear motion component, and pallet loading assemblies have feeder Tool hand;When work, third straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to drive pallet loading assemblies taking blank panel station and sabot work Moved back and forth between position, with by feeding manipulator by empty pallet from taking blank panel station to be transported to sabot station, and by empty pallet It is positioned on the movable plate of sabot station;
Pallet blanking component is fixed on the 4th straight line mover of the 4th linear motion component, and pallet blanking component has blanking machine Tool hand;When work, the 4th straight line mover linear reciprocating motion is to drive pallet blanking component taking dishful station and blankers Moved back and forth between position, with by blanking mechanical hand by the dishful pallet for installing plate from taking dishful station to be transported to discharge station, The dishful pallet of plate will be installed from taking dishful station to be transported to discharge station.
2. a kind of automatic board descending machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first straight line moving parts include first straight line Sliding rail, the first screw component and send pan motor;First straight line sliding rail include the first guide rail and slided on the first guide rail first Sliding block, the first screw component include the first lead screw and first straight line mover, and first straight line mover moves on the first lead screw First guide sleeve, the first guide rail are arranged in parallel with the first lead screw;The first lead screw of output axis connection of pan motor, supporting plate is sent to be fixed on On one sliding block and the first guide sleeve;
When work, pan motor is sent to drive the first lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive the first supporting plate along the first guide rail by the first guide sleeve It is moved back and forth between plate station into plate station and taking, will wait for that loading board takes plate station from being transported into plate station.
3. a kind of automatic board descending machine as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that include three position control machines into trigger structure Structure is respectively arranged on starting point, terminal and the abnormal position of the first guide bush movement, with according to three position control mechanisms in corresponding position The signal received judges and pan motor working condition is sent in control.
4. a kind of automatic board descending machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that second straight line moving parts include second straight line Sliding rail, the second screw component and shifting holding tray motor;Second straight line sliding rail include the second guide rail and slided on the second guide rail Two sliding blocks, the second screw component include the second lead screw and second straight line mover, and second straight line mover is to be moved on the second lead screw The second guide sleeve, the second guide rail is arranged in parallel with the second lead screw;The second lead screw of output axis connection of holding tray motor is moved, movable plate is solid Due on the second sliding block and the second guide sleeve;
It when work, moves holding tray motor and drives the second lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive movable plate along the second guide rail by the second guide sleeve It is moved back and forth between dishful station in sabot station and taking, the dishful pallet for installing plate is transported to from sabot station and takes dishful Station.
5. a kind of automatic board descending machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that third linear motion component includes third straight line Sliding rail, third screw component and translation motor;Third line slide rail includes third guide rail and the third slided on third guide rail Sliding block, third screw component include that third lead screw and third straight line mover, third straight line mover move on third lead screw Third guide sleeve, third guide rail are arranged in parallel with third lead screw;The output axis connection third lead screw of disk motor is translated, movable plate is fixed In on third sliding block and third guide sleeve;
When work, translation motor drives third lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive pallet loading assemblies along third by third guide sleeve Guide rail is moved back and forth between blank panel station and sabot station taking, by empty pallet from taking blank panel station to be transported to sabot station.
6. a kind of automatic board descending machine as described in claim 1 or 5, which is characterized in that the 4th linear motion component includes the 4th Line slide rail, the 4th screw component and blanking motor;4th line slide rail includes the 4th guide rail and is slided on the 4th guide rail Four-slider, the 4th screw component include the 4th lead screw and the 4th straight line mover, and the 4th straight line mover is to be transported on the 4th lead screw The 4th dynamic guide sleeve, the 4th guide rail are arranged in parallel with the 4th lead screw;The 4th lead screw of output axis connection of blanking motor, movable plate are solid Due on Four-slider and the 4th guide sleeve;
When work, blanking motor drives the 4th lead screw positive and negative rotation, to drive pallet blanking component along the 4th by the 4th guide sleeve Guide rail is moved back and forth between dishful station and discharge station taking, by the dishful pallet for installing plate from taking dishful station to be transported to Discharge station.
7. a kind of automatic board descending machine as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that third linear motion component is included in third silk The 5th guide sleeve moved on bar and the 5th sliding block slided on third guide rail;It moves trigger structure and is fixed on the 5th guide sleeve and the On five sliding blocks;When work, translation motor drives third lead screw positive and negative rotation, to be driven respectively by third guide sleeve and the 5th guide sleeve Pallet loading assemblies and shifting trigger structure synchronous reciprocating movement.
8. a kind of automatic board descending machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding manipulator and support of pallet loading assemblies At least one of the blanking mechanical hand of disk blanking component includes:Square frame, two claws and two twin shaft cylinders;Two Twin shaft cylinder is symmetrically disposed on square frame both sides, and cylinder axis is arranged outward;Two claw one-to-one correspondence are installed on two On the cylinder axis of twin shaft cylinder.
9. a kind of automatic board descending machine as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that there are two opposite sides for square frame, wherein One side is equipped with an exhausting hole, another side is equipped with a sliding slot parallel with through-hole;Two cylinders parallel to each other The equal one end of mounting plate is placed in sliding slot, and the other end is fixed in through-holes by bolt and nut;Two twin shaft cylinders correspond peace On two cylinder mounting plates.
10. a kind of automatic board descending system, which is characterized in that including control unit and as described in claim 1~9 any one Automatic board descending machine;Control unit includes controller, display screen and control button, and display screen and control button connect with controller It connects;
Controller is used to be controlled into trigger structure according to control instruction that is default and/or inputting in real time, moves trigger structure, shifting pallet machine The work schedule of structure, pallet charging and discharging mechanism, blank panel lift truck and dishful lift truck;Display screen is for real-time display work shape State;Control button is for inputting and/or selecting control instruction.
CN201820360439.9U 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of automatic board descending machine and automatic board descending system Expired - Fee Related CN208020326U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111531005A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-14 常州市御马精密冲压件有限公司 Servo press
CN112429533A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-02 广东智联自动化技术有限公司 PCB board inserts frame and goes up unloading equipment and full-automatic plasma processing system
CN112678460A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-20 广东智联自动化技术有限公司 Two-station full-automatic plasma feeding and discharging device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111531005A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-14 常州市御马精密冲压件有限公司 Servo press
CN111531005B (en) * 2020-05-09 2022-04-12 御马精密科技(江苏)股份有限公司 Servo press
CN112429533A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-02 广东智联自动化技术有限公司 PCB board inserts frame and goes up unloading equipment and full-automatic plasma processing system
CN112678460A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-20 广东智联自动化技术有限公司 Two-station full-automatic plasma feeding and discharging device

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