CN207981401U - Building waste light materials separation equipment - Google Patents

Building waste light materials separation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207981401U
CN207981401U CN201721792501.3U CN201721792501U CN207981401U CN 207981401 U CN207981401 U CN 207981401U CN 201721792501 U CN201721792501 U CN 201721792501U CN 207981401 U CN207981401 U CN 207981401U
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China
Prior art keywords
water tank
conveyer
light materials
building waste
feeding warehouse
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Active
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CN201721792501.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨涛
罗景文
刘绍辉
邓文平
张晓强
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Xiangdian Heavy Equipment Co Ltd
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Xiangdian Heavy Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721792501.3U priority Critical patent/CN207981401U/en
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Abstract

Building waste light materials separation equipment, including discharging belt conveyer, cleaning chain turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation blower, Electric Appliance Cabinet, water tank, cleaning storehouse, mobile chassis, the water tank are mounted on mobile chassis;The discharging belt conveyer, cleaning chain turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation blower are sequentially arranged on water tank;The front for cleaning chain turbine and being mounted on feeding warehouse cleans storehouse and is set to below cleaning chain turbine;Discharging belt conveyer is arranged with chain turbine is cleaned in cross-shaped vertical.Using the utility model, the light materials for being difficult to detach in the aggregate after building waste pre-processing can be efficiently separated.The utility model is simple in structure, and failure rate is low, easy to maintain, is suitable for the working environment of environment complexity.

Description

Building waste light materials separation equipment
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of building waste light materials separation equipment more particularly to mobile construction waste light materials Separation equipment.
Background technology
It is increasing along with the building waste generated in the transformation process of cities and towns with the quickening of China's ur- banization speed, Building waste processing gradually attracts attention, the work for having had relative maturity for building waste processing external at present Skill and equipment, wherein the sorting for weight substance in building waste, many foreign is to use wet concentration exclusion device according to object The density of material is detached, and China is on same category of device also in starting state.There is separating effects for existing wet concentration equipment not The defects of satisfactory, lacks effective wet concentration impurity removing equipment, therefore develops the higher wet concentration equipment of separative efficiency with extremely Important meaning.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of separation of building waste light materials that the efficiency of separation is high and sets It is standby.The equipment can detach building waste aggregate, efficiently separate out light materials therein, can reach again The stage utilized.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:
Building waste light materials separation equipment, including discharging belt conveyer, cleaning chain turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation blower, electric appliance Cabinet, water tank clean storehouse, mobile chassis, and the Electric Appliance Cabinet, water tank are mounted on mobile chassis, under the action of mobile chassis, just In the movement and transport of whole equipment;The discharging belt conveyer, cleaning chain turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation blower are sequentially arranged at water On case;The cleaning chain turbine is mounted in front of feeding warehouse, and the ventilation blower is mounted on feeding warehouse rear, and cleaning storehouse, which is set to, to be cleaned Below chain turbine.Discharging belt conveyer is arranged with chain turbine is cleaned in cross-shaped vertical.
Further, the terminal horizontal arrangement of the discharging belt conveyer, the end of discharging belt conveyer are placed in water tank, and discharge skin Water tank is stretched out in front end with machine.Discharging belt conveyer includes belt cleaner, the first rubber baffle, the second rubber baffle and conveying Band, belt cleaner are set to the front end of conveyer belt, and the first rubber baffle is set to the middle part of conveyer belt, for preventing on conveyer belt Material runs out of belt;Second rubber baffle is set to the end of conveyer belt, and the conveying end of tape for being equipped with the second rubber baffle is located at Below feeding warehouse, under the action of the second rubber baffle, it can prevent aggregate from being fallen on outside conveyer belt from feeding warehouse dropping process Side;Conveyer belt is connected with conveying translator.
Further, water tank is equipped with detachable boss, and the front end of discharging belt conveyer is obliquely installed, the front end edge of discharging belt conveyer Boss stretching.The front end of discharging belt conveyer can arrange with ground at 15 ° of angles, when in favor of avoiding feeding warehouse blanking aggregate to The outside of conveyer belt is slided into afterwards.Guide rail is equipped in water tank, the end of discharging belt conveyer is placed on guide rail.After boss dismounting, go out Material belt feeder guide rail can be hauled out and be dragged in along water tank, dismounting, the installment work at great convenience scene.
Further, vertical plate is installed in the feeding warehouse.When aggregate enters feeding warehouse, aggregate is hit to vertical plate, Under the action of vertical plate, aggregate speed is advantageously reduced, material and light materials are broken up.Centrifugal fan can be selected in ventilation blower.
Further, the cleaning chain turbine includes gear motor, chain, plastic bruss, gear and holder, gear motor and tooth Wheel is connected, and chain is loaded on gear, and plastic bruss is installed on chain, and gear is fixed on holder.
It cleans chain turbine and uses chain drive, mostly use belt transmission compared to existing same category of device, chain can be saved Water loss, while personnel easy to operation clear up the light materials accumulated below chain turbine.
Further, the storehouse that cleans is fixed on the holder for cleaning chain turbine.It cleans chain turbine and cleans storehouse adjustable 180 Degree angle is arranged on water tank, can adjust discharging direction according to actual conditions at the scene.It can be according to scene that is, cleaning storehouse Actual conditions with chain turbine adjustment direction.Equipment work when light materials fall clean storehouse above, always with clean storehouse under The material of side, which separates, realizes weight separation.That is, cleaning storehouse will can effectively bubble through the water column and the light object of half floating state Matter is separated with the aggregate on discharging belt conveyer.
Further, the one end for cleaning chain turbine is in tilted layout, and the other end is horizontally disposed.Position in storehouse is cleaned in cleaning chain turbine Below horizontal ends, in favor of plastic bruss cleaning works.
Further, the conveying translator, gear motor and ventilation blower are connected with Electric Appliance Cabinet, and Electric Appliance Cabinet is whole for controlling The switch of a equipment and the operating rate of adjustment each motor and ventilation blower.Convey translator, gear motor and ventilation blower with electricity Variable-frequency governor in device cabinet is connected.Conveying translator, gear motor and ventilation blower can pass through the frequency control in Electric Appliance Cabinet Device speed governing can regulate the speed according to on-site actual situations.
The mobile chassis is equipped with mechanical support leg for assisting load-bearing.
The bottom plate forming V-shape of the water tank arranges, the bottom plate of water tank is equipped at least one row's silt mouth, preferably three or more.
A method of building waste is detached using building waste light materials separation equipment as previously described, including such as Lower step:
Aggregate to be treated is poured into feeding warehouse, the aggregate includes the material of recoverable and needs at screening The light materials of reason, the vertical plate in feeding warehouse, can reduce aggregate speed, the light materials broken up aggregate and be mixed in aggregate are kept away Exempt from light materials to be pressed onto on conveyer belt by material.Aggregate is during continuing to fall because the buoyancy of its own gravity and water realizes light object The separation of matter and material, material, which continues to sink, drops down onto conveying end of tape, and light materials are bubbled through the water column or half floats in water, start ventilation Machine, ventilation blower, which blows to light materials, cleans chain turbine direction, and light materials are blown to along wind-force to be cleaned below chain turbine, cleans above storehouse Region, to realize the weight separation of light materials and material.Starter receiver motor, cleaning the plastic bruss of chain turbine will clean on storehouse Light materials laterally clean water tank along water tank;Start conveying translator, sink to conveying end of tape material in conveyer belt Water tank is transported under effect.
In the utility model, the cleaning chain turbine of traditional same category of device is adjusted to discharging belt conveyer at V-shape arrangement Cross-shaped vertical is arranged, is changed the design feature of existing similar product parallel arrangement, can effectively be promoted water tank capacity in this way, Increase purging zone so that the material in aggregate can detach more effectively with light materials, while reducing to clear up in water tank and deposit The frequency of mud, work efficiency is high.To solve similar product since water tank capacity is smaller, purging zone is narrow, can not be effective Light materials are detached, the smaller mud for also needing to more frequent shutdown purge and being deposited on water tank bottom of water tank capacity influences work effect The problems such as rate.
Using the utility model, the light object for being difficult to detach in the aggregate after building waste pre-processing can be efficiently separated Matter.The utility model is simple in structure, and failure rate is low, easy to maintain, is suitable for the working environment of environment complexity.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model building waste light materials separation equipment;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the outfeed belt of building waste light materials separation equipment shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the cleaning chain turbine machine of building waste light materials separation equipment shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the belt cleaner of discharging belt conveyer shown in Fig. 2.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model patent is described further with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to Fig.1, building waste light materials separation equipment, including discharging belt conveyer 1, clean chain turbine 2, is feeding warehouse 3, logical Wind turbine 4, water tank 6, cleans storehouse 7, mobile chassis 9 at Electric Appliance Cabinet 5, and the Electric Appliance Cabinet 5, water tank 6 are mounted on mobile chassis 9, are moving Under the action of dynamic chassis 9, it is convenient for the movement and transport of whole equipment;The discharging belt conveyer 1, clean chain turbine 2, feeding warehouse 3, Ventilation blower 4 is sequentially arranged on water tank 6;The cleaning chain turbine 2 is mounted on 3 front of feeding warehouse, and the ventilation blower 4 is mounted on 3 rear of feeding warehouse cleans storehouse 7 and is set to 2 lower section of cleaning chain turbine.Discharging belt conveyer 1 is in cross-shaped vertical cloth with chain turbine 2 is cleaned It sets.
With reference to Fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the terminal horizontal of discharging belt conveyer 1 arranges that the end of discharging belt conveyer 1 is placed in water In case 6, water tank 6 is stretched out in the front end of discharging belt conveyer 1.Discharging belt conveyer 1 is for the aggregate transporting water tank after detaching.Discharging Belt feeder 1 includes belt cleaner 1-1, the first rubber baffle 1-2, the second rubber baffle 1-3 and conveyer belt 1-4, and belt cleans Device 1-1 is set to the front ends conveyer belt 1-4, and the first rubber baffle 1-2 is set in the middle part of conveyer belt 1-4, for preventing on conveyer belt 1-4 Material runs out of belt;Second rubber baffle 1-3 is set to the ends conveyer belt 1-4, is equipped with the conveyer belt 1- of the second rubber baffle 1-3 4 ends are located at 3 lower section of feeding warehouse, under the action of the second rubber baffle 1-3, aggregate can be prevented from 3 dropping process of feeding warehouse In fall on the outside of conveyer belt 1-4;Conveyer belt 1-4 is connected with conveying translator 1-5.It is set below the conveyer belt 1-4 of discharging belt conveyer 1 It is useful for the channel steel of support belt 1-4.
With reference to Fig. 4, belt cleaner 1-1 includes clump weight 1-1-1, holder 1-1-2, frame 1-1-3 and sheet rubber 1-1- 4, one end of holder 1-1-2 is connected with the channel steel below the conveyer belt 1-4 of discharging belt conveyer 1;The other end of holder 1-1-2 It is flexibly connected with frame 1-1-3, clump weight 1-1-1 is set to the one end frame 1-1-3, the frame 1-1-3 other ends and sheet rubber 1-1-4 It is connected, the upper surfaces sheet rubber 1-1-4 are contacted with conveyer belt 1-4.
Belt cleaner 1-1 is designed using lever principle, under the action of clump weight 1-1-1, under the one end frame 1-1-3 Heavy, the frame 1-1-3 other ends move upwards, and moving upwards for the frame 1-1-3 other ends drives sheet rubber 1-1-4 to synchronize upward fortune Dynamic, the upper surfaces sheet rubber 1-1-4 are in close contact with conveyer belt 1-4, are generated between the upper surfaces sheet rubber 1-1-4 and conveyer belt 1-4 Frictional force may make sheet rubber 1-1-4 to clean out the impurity on conveyer belt 1-4 under the action of frictional force.
In actual use, the weight of clump weight 1-1-1 is adjusted according to actual conditions, and the upper surfaces sheet rubber 1-1-4 are adjusted Frictional force size between conveyer belt 1-4.
Water tank 6 is equipped with detachable boss, and the front end of discharging belt conveyer 1 is obliquely installed, and the front end of discharging belt conveyer 1 is along convex Platform stretches out.The front end of discharging belt conveyer 1 can arrange with ground at 15 ° of angles, and aggregate is backward when in favor of avoiding 3 blanking of feeding warehouse It slides on the outside of conveyer belt 1-4.Guide rail is equipped in water tank 6, the end of discharging belt conveyer 1 is placed on guide rail.After boss dismounting, go out Material belt feeder 1 guide rail can be hauled out and be dragged in along the water tank 6, dismounting, the installment work at great convenience scene.
In the present embodiment, the feeding warehouse 3 is mounted on the longeron rear end of water tank 6.Vertical plate is installed in feeding warehouse 3. When aggregate enters feeding warehouse 3, aggregate is hit to vertical plate, under the action of vertical plate, is advantageously reduced aggregate speed, is broken up object Material and light materials.Centrifugal fan can be selected in wind turbine.
The cleaning chain turbine 2 is used to light materials cleaning water tank, can adjust discharging side according to the actual conditions at scene To.With reference to Fig. 3, it includes gear motor 2-1, chain 2-2, plastic bruss 2-3, gear 2-4 and holder 2-5, gear to clean chain turbine 2 Motor 2-1 is connected with gear 2-4, and for chain 2-2 loaded on gear 2-4, the plastic bruss 2-3 for cleaning light materials is installed on chain On 2-2, gear 2-4 is fixed on holder 2-5.
It cleans chain turbine 2 and uses chain drive, mostly use belt transmission compared to existing same category of device, chain can be saved Water loss, while personnel easy to operation clear up the light materials accumulated below chain turbine.
The storehouse 7 that cleans is fixed on the holder 2-5 for cleaning chain turbine 2.It cleans chain turbine 2 and cleans storehouse 7 adjustable 180 Degree angle is arranged on water tank, can adjust discharging direction according to actual conditions at the scene.It can be according to existing that is, cleaning storehouse 7 The actual conditions of field are with chain turbine adjustment direction.Equipment work when light materials fall clean storehouse above, always with clean storehouse The material of lower section, which separates, realizes weight separation.That is, cleaning, storehouse will can effectively bubble through the water column and half floats the light of state Substance is separated with the aggregate on discharging belt conveyer.
It cleans 2 one end of chain turbine to be in tilted layout, the other end is horizontally disposed.Position in storehouse is cleaned in cleaning under 2 horizontal ends of chain turbine Side, in favor of plastic bruss cleaning works.
The Electric Appliance Cabinet 5 can be mounted on water tank, conveying translator 1-5, gear motor 2-1 and wind turbine 4 with Electric Appliance Cabinet 5 It is connected, Electric Appliance Cabinet is used to control the switch of whole equipment and the operating rate of adjustment each motor and wind turbine.Conveying translator 1-5, Gear motor 2-1 and wind turbine 5 are connected with the variable-frequency governor in Electric Appliance Cabinet 5.Convey translator, gear motor 2-1 and wind turbine It can be regulated the speed according to on-site actual situations by the variable-frequency governor speed governing in Electric Appliance Cabinet 5.
The mobile chassis 9 is equipped with mechanical support leg 8 for assisting load-bearing.
The bottom plate forming V-shape of the water tank 6 arranges that the bottom plate of water tank 6 is equipped at least one row's silt mouth.
A method of building waste is detached using building waste light materials separation equipment as previously described, including such as Lower step:
Aggregate to be treated is poured into feeding warehouse 3, the aggregate includes the material of recoverable and needs to sieve The light materials of processing, the vertical plate in feeding warehouse 3, can reduce aggregate speed, break up aggregate and the light materials that are mixed in aggregate, Light materials are avoided to be pressed onto on conveyer belt 1-4 by material.Aggregate is during continuing to fall because of the buoyancy of its own gravity and water reality The separation of existing light materials and material, material, which continues to sink, drops down onto the ends conveyer belt 1-4, and light materials are bubbled through the water column or partly float on water In, start wind turbine 4, wind turbine 4, which blows to light materials, cleans 2 direction of chain turbine, and light materials are blown to along wind-force and clean under chain turbine 2 Side cleans 7 upper area of storehouse, to realize the weight separation of light materials and material.Starter receiver motor cleans chain turbine 2 The light materials cleaned on storehouse 7 are laterally cleaned water tank 6 along water tank by plastic bruss 2-3;Start conveying translator 1-5, sinks to defeated The material with the ends 1-4 is sent to transport water tank 6 under the action of conveyer belt.
In the utility model, the cleaning chain turbine of traditional same category of device is adjusted to discharging belt conveyer at V-shape arrangement Cross-shaped vertical is arranged, is changed the design feature of existing similar product parallel arrangement, can effectively be promoted water tank capacity in this way, Increase purging zone so that the material in aggregate can detach more effectively with light materials, while reducing to clear up in water tank and deposit The frequency of mud, work efficiency is high.To solve similar product since water tank capacity is smaller, purging zone is narrow, can not be effective Light materials are detached, the smaller mud for also needing to more frequent shutdown purge and being deposited on water tank bottom of water tank capacity influences work effect The problems such as rate.

Claims (6)

1. building waste light materials separation equipment, which is characterized in that including discharging belt conveyer, clean chain turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation Mechanical, electrical device cabinet, water tank clean storehouse, mobile chassis, and the water tank is mounted on mobile chassis;The discharging belt conveyer cleans chain Turbine, feeding warehouse, ventilation blower are sequentially arranged on water tank;The front for cleaning chain turbine and being mounted on feeding warehouse, cleans storehouse Below cleaning chain turbine;Discharging belt conveyer is arranged with chain turbine is cleaned in cross-shaped vertical.
2. building waste light materials separation equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the end of the discharging belt conveyer Hold horizontally disposed, the end of discharging belt conveyer is placed in water tank, and water tank is stretched out in the front end of discharging belt conveyer.
3. building waste light materials separation equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that discharging belt conveyer includes Belt cleaner, the first rubber baffle, the second rubber baffle and conveyer belt, belt cleaner be set to conveyer belt front end, first Rubber baffle is set to the middle part of conveyer belt;Second rubber baffle is set to the end of conveyer belt, is equipped with the defeated of the second rubber baffle End of tape is sent to be located at below feeding warehouse;Conveyer belt is connected with conveying translator, and conveyer belt Electric Machines and Electric Apparatus cabinet is connected.
4. building waste light materials separation equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that water tank is equipped with detachable convex The front end of platform, discharging belt conveyer is obliquely installed, and the front end of discharging belt conveyer is stretched out along boss.
5. building waste light materials separation equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that peace in the feeding warehouse Equipped with vertical plate;Ventilation blower is installed on the rear side of feeding warehouse;Ventilation blower is connected with Electric Appliance Cabinet.
6. building waste light materials separation equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the cleaning chain turbine Including gear motor, chain, plastic bruss, gear and holder, gear motor is connected with gear, and chain is loaded on gear, plastic bruss It is installed on chain, gear is fixed on holder;Gear motor is connected with Electric Appliance Cabinet.
CN201721792501.3U 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Building waste light materials separation equipment Active CN207981401U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721792501.3U CN207981401U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Building waste light materials separation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721792501.3U CN207981401U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Building waste light materials separation equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207981401U true CN207981401U (en) 2018-10-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721792501.3U Active CN207981401U (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Building waste light materials separation equipment

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN207981401U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111570060A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 徐立军 Energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste reclassification screening device and treatment method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111570060A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 徐立军 Energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste reclassification screening device and treatment method

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