CN207904037U - A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology - Google Patents

A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207904037U
CN207904037U CN201820060749.9U CN201820060749U CN207904037U CN 207904037 U CN207904037 U CN 207904037U CN 201820060749 U CN201820060749 U CN 201820060749U CN 207904037 U CN207904037 U CN 207904037U
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water
stone layer
sand stone
coarse filter
treatment technology
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CN201820060749.9U
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丁其超
张啸宇
许利
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XINJIANG HONGKE WATER-SAVING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURE Co Ltd
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XINJIANG HONGKE WATER-SAVING EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technologies, including sedimentation basin, coarse filter device and fine filtering apparatus, it is connected by irrigation canals and ditches between the sedimentation basin and surface water source, enrockment trash block system is equipped in the irrigation canals and ditches, the enrockment trash block system includes being equipped with multilayer sand stone layer from front to back along water (flow) direction, and surface water flows into the sedimentation basin after each sand stone layer successively;The pipeline that the water inlet end of the coarse filter device is connected to the sedimentation basin water outlet is equipped with trash rack;By pipeline connection between the water inlet end of the fine filtering apparatus and the water outlet of the coarse filter device, the water outlet of the fine filtering apparatus to drip irrigation system for supplying water.The trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, manufacturing cost is low, can efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provide qualified water body for drip irrigation system.

Description

A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology
Technical field
The utility model is related to water-treatment technology fields, more particularly to a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, and farming area is related to the geographical environment of various complexity, for arid west area, Water resource is even more preciousness, and agricultural generally uses drip irrigation system, for the quality requirement higher of water.If water filters insufficient, water In silt or other fine suspension can influence the normal operation of irrigation equipment, reduce service life of equipment.And it is existing Surface water treatment efficiency is relatively low, and cost is higher, increases the cost of agricultural production, is unfavorable for the development of agricultural.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology of low cost, above-mentioned existing to solve Technology there are the problem of, efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provide qualified water body for drip irrigation system.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following scheme:
The utility model provides a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, including sedimentation basin, coarse filter device and essence filtering Device is connected between the sedimentation basin and surface water source by irrigation canals and ditches, and enrockment trash block system, the heap are equipped in the irrigation canals and ditches Stone trash block system includes being equipped with multilayer sand stone layer from front to back along water (flow) direction, and surface water flows into after each sand stone layer successively In the sedimentation basin;The pipeline that the water inlet end of the coarse filter device is connected to the sedimentation basin water outlet is equipped with trash rack; Pass through pipeline connection, the fine filtering apparatus between the water inlet end of the fine filtering apparatus and the water outlet of the coarse filter device Water outlet for supplying water to drip irrigation system.
Preferably, sand stone layer described in multilayer includes at least the first sand stone layer set gradually along water (flow) direction, the second sandstone Layer and third sand stone layer, first sand stone layer are the sand stone layer that the sandstone that grain size is 10~20mm stacks, second sandstone Layer is the sand stone layer that the sandstone that grain size is 20~40mm stacks, and the third sand stone layer is that the sandstone that grain size is 40~60mm stacks Sand stone layer, the thickness of first sand stone layer, second sand stone layer and the third sand stone layer is 90~110cm.
Preferably, the pipeline that the coarse filter device is connect with the trash rack is equipped with pressure pump.
Preferably, the fine filtering apparatus water outlet is connected with a pH detectors, and the water outlet of the pH detectors is in parallel There are acid averager and alkaline averager, the water outlet of the acidity averager and the alkaline averager to be used to drip irrigation system It supplies water.
Preferably, the water inlet end of the acid averager and water outlet are separately installed with check-valves, and the alkalinity neutralizes The water inlet end of device and water outlet are separately installed with check-valves.
Preferably, further include chlorine dioxide generator, one end of the chlorine dioxide generator and the coarse filter device Water inlet end connection, the other end of the chlorine dioxide generator connect with the water inlet end of the pH detectors, the titanium dioxide The pipeline that chlorine generator is connect with the coarse filter device is equipped with the first valve, and the chlorine dioxide generator is examined with the pH The pipeline for surveying device connection is equipped with the second valve.
Preferably, the coarse filter device bottom is connected with the first blowoff line, and first blowoff line is equipped with the One sewage draining valve.
Preferably, the fine filtering apparatus bottom is connected with the second blowoff line, and second blowoff line is equipped with the Two sewage draining valves, the sedimentation basin bottom are connected with third blowoff line, and the third blowoff line is equipped with third blowdown valve Door.
Preferably, the pipeline that the pressure pump is connect with the coarse filter device is equipped with third valve, the thick mistake The pipeline that filter device is connect with the fine filtering apparatus is equipped with the 4th valve, and the fine filtering apparatus connects with the pH detectors The pipeline connect is equipped with the 5th valve.
Preferably, the coarse filter device is sandrock filter, and the fine filtering apparatus is laminated filter.
The utility model achieves following technique effect compared with the existing technology:
Trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology provided by the utility model makes surface water pass through enrockment trash block system successively, sink Shallow lake pond, trash rack, coarse filter device and fine filtering apparatus, surface water is handled by multistage purification, by engineering sediment processing means It is combined with equipment silt sedimentation means, floating material, sandstone, fine sand and the clay particle in water can be effectively removed, be a kind of Low cost trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, and can efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provided for drip irrigation system Qualified water body.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 provides the structural schematic diagram of ground trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology for the utility model;
In figure:1 is enrockment trash block system;1-1 is the first sand stone layer;1-2 is the second sand stone layer;1-3 is third sand stone layer; 2 be sedimentation basin;2-1 is third blowoff line;2-2 is third sewage draining valve;3 be coarse filter device;3-1 is the first blow-off pipe Road;3-2 is the first sewage draining valve;4 be fine filtering apparatus;4-1 is the second blowoff line;4-2 is the second sewage draining valve;5 be to block Dirty grid;6 be pressure pump;7 be pH detectors;8 be acid averager;9 be alkaline averager;10 be chlorine dioxide generator; 11 be the first valve;12 be the second valve;13 be third valve;14 be the 4th valve;15 be the 5th valve.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology of low cost, above-mentioned existing to solve Technology there are the problem of, efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provide qualified water body for drip irrigation system.
The utility model provides a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, including sedimentation basin, coarse filter device and essence filtering Device is connected between sedimentation basin and surface water source by irrigation canals and ditches, and enrockment trash block system, enrockment trash block system packet are equipped in irrigation canals and ditches It includes and is equipped with multilayer sand stone layer from front to back along water (flow) direction, surface water flows into after each sand stone layer in sedimentation basin successively;Slightly The pipeline that the water inlet end of filter device is connected to sedimentation basin water outlet is equipped with trash rack;The water inlet end of fine filtering apparatus and thick mistake By pipeline connection between the water outlet of filter device, the water outlet of fine filtering apparatus to drip irrigation system for supplying water.
Trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology provided by the utility model makes surface water pass through enrockment trash block system successively, sink Shallow lake pond, trash rack, coarse filter device and fine filtering apparatus, surface water is handled by multistage purification, by engineering sediment processing means It is combined with equipment silt sedimentation means, floating material, sandstone, fine sand and the clay particle in water can be effectively removed, be a kind of Low cost trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, and can efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provided for drip irrigation system Qualified water body.
To keep the above objects, features, and advantages of the utility model more obvious and easy to understand, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and have Body embodiment is described in further detail the utility model.
Embodiment one
The present embodiment provides a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technologies, as shown in Figure 1, including sedimentation basin 2, coarse filter device 3 and fine filtering apparatus 4, it is connected by irrigation canals and ditches between sedimentation basin 2 and surface water source, enrockment trash block system 1, heap is equipped in irrigation canals and ditches Stone trash block system 1 includes being equipped with multilayer sand stone layer from front to back along water (flow) direction, and surface water flows into after each sand stone layer successively To sedimentation basin 2;The pipeline that the water inlet end of coarse filter device 3 is connected to 2 water outlet of sedimentation basin is equipped with trash rack 5, this implementation It is preferable to use steel trash racks for trash rack 5 in example, to extend its service life;The water inlet end of fine filtering apparatus 3 and coarse filtration By pipeline connection between the water outlet of device 3, the water outlet of fine filtering apparatus 3 to drip irrigation system for supplying water.
Trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology provided in this embodiment, multilayer sand stone layer can be to the pollutions of different-grain diameter in water Object is tentatively filtered, and reduces the sediment charge in water;Sedimentation basin 2 can in water silt and other particulate matters carry out Precipitation, the granule foreign being further reduced in water;Trash rack 5 can remove suspended matter larger in water removal;It is filled using coarse filtration 3 and fine filtering apparatus 4 are set, fine sand in water body, clay particle and the smaller suspended matter of grain size, organic can be effectively removed Object effectively improves Water quality.Surface water passes through enrockment trash block system 1, sedimentation basin 2, trash rack 5,3 and of coarse filter device successively Fine filtering apparatus 4, surface water handle by multistage purification, engineering sediment processing means are mutually tied with equipment silt sedimentation means It closes, floating material, sandstone, fine sand and the clay particle in water can be effectively removed, be at a kind of trickle irrigation surface water of low cost Reason system, and can efficiently ground-to-ground table water carry out purified treatment, provide qualified water body for drip irrigation system.
Trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology provided in this embodiment, multilayer sand stone layer are included at least and are set successively along water (flow) direction The first sand stone layer 1-1, the second sand stone layer 1-2 and third sand stone layer 1-3 set, it is 10~20mm that the first sand stone layer 1-1, which is grain size, Sandstone stack sand stone layer, the second sand stone layer 1-2 be grain size be 20~40mm sandstone stack sand stone layer, third sand stone layer 1-3 is the sand stone layer that the sandstone that grain size is 40~60mm stacks, the first sand stone layer 1-1, the second sand stone layer 1-2 and third sand stone layer The thickness of 1-3 is 1m.
The pipeline that coarse filter device 3 is connect with trash rack 5 is equipped with pressure pump 6.
4 water outlet of fine filtering apparatus is connected with a pH detectors 7, and the water outlet of pH detectors 7 is parallel with acid averager 8 With alkaline averager 9, the water outlet of acid averager 8 and alkaline averager 9 is used to supply water to drip irrigation system.
The water inlet end of acid averager 8 and water outlet are separately installed with check-valves, and the water inlet end of alkaline averager 9 and go out Water end (W.E.) is separately installed with check-valves.
When pH detectors 7 detect that water body pH is higher than 7, water body is alkalinity, opens water inlet end and the water outlet of acid averager 8 The check-valves at end closes the check-valves of the water inlet end and water outlet of alkaline averager 9, water body is made to flow into acid averager 8, Acid-base neutralization is carried out, and water pH value is made to be 7.When pH detectors detect that water body pH is less than 7, water body is acidity, opens alkalinity The water inlet end of averager 9 and the check-valves of water outlet close the check-valves of the water inlet end and water outlet of acid averager 8, make water Body flows into alkaline averager 9, carries out acid-base neutralization, and water pH value is made to be 7, and water body is made to be more suitable for plant growth.
Trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology provided in this embodiment further includes a chlorine dioxide generator 10, chlorine dioxide One end of generator 10 is connect with the water inlet end of coarse filter device 3, the other end and the pH detectors 7 of chlorine dioxide generator 10 Water inlet end connects, and the pipeline that chlorine dioxide generator 10 is connect with coarse filter device 3 is equipped with the first valve 11, chlorine dioxide hair The pipeline that raw device 10 is connect with pH detectors 7 is equipped with the second valve 12.
When carrying out purified treatment to water body, the first valve 11 and the second valve 12 are opened, chlorine dioxide generator 10 will be sent out Born a part of ClO 2 solution is as pre-oxidation agent to by enrockment trash block system 1, sedimentation basin 2 and trash rack 5 Treated, and surface water carries out pre-oxidation treatment, eliminates partial impurities, pigment, reduces later stage coarse filter device 3 and smart mistake Filter the intractability of device 4;Chlorine dioxide generator 10 is passed through another part ClO 2 solution out occurs to smart mistake 4 purified water body of device is filtered, sterilization processing is carried out to water body, is delivered to drip irrigation system after testing and after adjusting pH value.
3 bottom of coarse filter device is connected with the first blowoff line 3-1, the first blowoff line 3-1 and is equipped with the first blowdown valve Door 3-2.
4 bottom of fine filtering apparatus is connected with the second blowoff line 4-1, the second blowoff line 4-1 and is equipped with the second blowdown valve Door 4-2,2 bottom of sedimentation basin are connected with third blowoff line 2-1, and third blowoff line is equipped with third sewage draining valve 2-2.
The pipeline that pressure pump 6 is connect with coarse filter device 3 is equipped with third valve 13, and coarse filter device 3 is filtered with essence The pipeline that device 4 connects is equipped with the 4th valve 14, and the pipeline that fine filtering apparatus 4 is connect with pH detectors 7 is equipped with the 5th valve Door 15.
When the filter membrane of fine filtering apparatus 4 blocks, closing third valve 13 and the 5th valve 15, the 4th valve 14 of unlatching, First sewage draining valve 1 and the second sewage draining valve 12, ClO 2 solution will sequentially enter coarse filter device 3 and essence by pipeline Filter device 4 keeps filter membrane unimpeded to realize the cleaning to 4 filter membrane of coarse filter device 3 and fine filtering apparatus;After cleaning, Third valve 13 and the 5th valve 15 are opened, continues to carry out purified treatment to surface water.
Coarse filter device 3 is sandrock filter, and fine filtering apparatus 4 is laminated filter.
Specific case is applied in the utility model to be expounded the principles of the present invention and embodiment, it is above The explanation of embodiment is merely used to help understand the method and its core concept of the utility model;Meanwhile for the one of this field As technical staff, according to the utility model thought, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range.To sum up Described, the content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology, it is characterised in that:Including:
Sedimentation basin is connected between the sedimentation basin and surface water source by irrigation canals and ditches, and enrockment trash block system is equipped in the irrigation canals and ditches, The enrockment trash block system includes being equipped with multilayer sand stone layer from front to back along water (flow) direction, and surface water is successively after each sand stone layer It flows into the sedimentation basin;
Coarse filter device, the pipeline that the water inlet end of the coarse filter device is connected to the sedimentation basin water outlet are equipped with and block dirt Grid;And
Fine filtering apparatus is connected between the water inlet end of the fine filtering apparatus and the water outlet of the coarse filter device by pipeline Logical, the water outlet of the fine filtering apparatus to drip irrigation system for supplying water.
2. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Sand stone layer described in multilayer is at least wrapped The first sand stone layer, the second sand stone layer and the third sand stone layer set gradually along water (flow) direction is included, first sand stone layer is grain size For the sand stone layer that the sandstone of 10~20mm stacks, second sand stone layer is the sandstone that the sandstone that grain size is 20~40mm stacks Layer, the third sand stone layer are the sand stone layer that the sandstone that grain size is 40~60mm stacks, first sand stone layer, second sand The thickness of rock layers and the third sand stone layer is 90~110cm.
3. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The coarse filter device with it is described The pipeline of trash rack connection is equipped with pressure pump.
4. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The fine filtering apparatus water outlet Be connected with a pH detectors, the water outlets of the pH detectors is parallel with acid averager and alkaline averager, it is described it is acid in Water outlet with device and the alkaline averager is used to supply water to drip irrigation system.
5. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The water inlet of the acidity averager End and water outlet are separately installed with check-valves, and the water inlet end of the alkaline averager and water outlet are separately installed with check-valves.
6. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It further include chlorine dioxide Device, one end of the chlorine dioxide generator are connect with the water inlet end of the coarse filter device, the chlorine dioxide generator The other end is connect with the water inlet end of the pH detectors, the pipeline that the chlorine dioxide generator is connect with the coarse filter device It is equipped with the first valve, the pipeline that the chlorine dioxide generator is connect with the pH detectors is equipped with the second valve.
7. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The coarse filter device bottom connects It is connected to the first blowoff line, first blowoff line is equipped with the first sewage draining valve.
8. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The fine filtering apparatus bottom connects It is connected to the second blowoff line, second blowoff line is equipped with the second sewage draining valve, and the sedimentation basin bottom is connected with third Blowoff line, the third blowoff line are equipped with third sewage draining valve.
9. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The pressure pump with it is described thick The pipeline of filter device connection is equipped with third valve, is set on the pipeline that the coarse filter device is connect with the fine filtering apparatus There are the 4th valve, the pipeline that the fine filtering apparatus is connect with the pH detectors to be equipped with the 5th valve.
10. trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The coarse filter device is sand Stone filter, the fine filtering apparatus are laminated filter.
CN201820060749.9U 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology Active CN207904037U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820060749.9U CN207904037U (en) 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820060749.9U CN207904037U (en) 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 A kind of trickle irrigation Surface Water Treatment Technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207904037U true CN207904037U (en) 2018-09-25

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