CN207854531U - It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device - Google Patents

It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207854531U
CN207854531U CN201721658625.2U CN201721658625U CN207854531U CN 207854531 U CN207854531 U CN 207854531U CN 201721658625 U CN201721658625 U CN 201721658625U CN 207854531 U CN207854531 U CN 207854531U
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China
Prior art keywords
hole tray
handling device
rootstock seedling
conveying device
hobboing cutter
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CN201721658625.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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石虎峰
俞亚新
童俊华
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Abstract

The utility model is related to Plug seedling graft technology field, specifically a kind of rootstock seedling to 5X10 hole trays using tiretube process is cut and set pipe dish handling device;It can be carried out at the same time excision top cotyledon processing to entire stock Plug seedling, the pipe of socket is put on to the stock of entire hole tray, improves the efficiency of grafting, reduces labor intensity.It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device, it include the band conveying device for conveying Plug seedling, mounted on the hobboing cutter for cutting rootstock seedling on the upside of conveying device, mounted on the horizontal screw lead component for driving handling device transverse horizontal to move with conveying device back side top, handling device for capturing set pipe dish, mounted on the alignment sensor for positioning processed stock hole tray on rear side of conveying device, mounted on the placing box for housing sleeve pipe dish with conveying device side and the electric fan for blowing away the rootstock seedling cotyledon under being cut mounted on hobboing cutter side.

Description

It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device
Technical field
The utility model is related to Plug seedling graft technology field, specifically a kind of anvil to 5X10 hole trays using tiretube process Wooden seedling is cut and set pipe dish handling device.
Background technology
Grafting, that is, vegetative reproduction in vegetative propagation one kind.It should make the forming layer of scion and stock when grafting It combines closely, to ensure that scion survives.The branch or bud connected, is called scion;The plant connect is called stock or platform wood. It can enhance plant disease resistance, plant low temperature tolerance ability using grafting, be conducive to overcome continuous cropping harm, expand root system and absorb Range and ability simultaneously improve yield.Common grafting method has inarching method, the method for plant propagation with cutting, cleft graft, set connection etc..Japan, South Korea Research in terms of grafting machine is more early, but the grafting machine of Japan is very expensive, and the grafting machine of South Korea is relatively inexpensive, but still needs to artificial auxiliary It helps, is not suitable for grafting requirement on a large scale.The grafting machine research in China concentrates on colleges and universities, and development is slower.Present grafting machine is more It is less efficient using single plant seedling grafting, and fail to realize mostly full-automatic.If realizing efficient grafting, it would be desirable to be able to It is enough automatically vast to stock to handle.
Invention content
The purpose of this utility model is that a kind of full hole tray rootstock seedling using tiretube process of design is cut and set pipe dish carries dress It sets, excision top cotyledon processing can be carried out at the same time to entire stock Plug seedling, the pipe of socket is put on to the stock of entire hole tray Son improves the efficiency of grafting, reduces labor intensity.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device, it is characterised in that:Including being used to convey cave Disk seedling with conveying device, mounted on on the upside of conveying device for cutting the hobboing cutter of rootstock seedling, being mounted on band conveying device Horizontal screw lead component, the carrying dress for capturing set pipe dish for driving handling device transverse horizontal to move of back side top Set, mounted on on rear side of conveying device for positioning the alignment sensor of processed stock hole tray, being mounted on band conveying device Side is used to blow away the rootstock seedling cotyledon by under cutting for the placing box of housing sleeve pipe dish and mounted on hobboing cutter side Electric fan.
It is described with conveying device include drive roll and driven voller, the conveyer belt on drive roll and driven voller, drive The first motor of drive roll rotation and four the first rolling bearing units for supporting drive roll and driven voller.
The hobboing cutter includes being mounted on holder for being arranged in the holder with conveying device both sides, by the second rolling bearing units Between hobboing cutter axis, at least one cutting rootstock seedling being fixed on hobboing cutter axis blade and for driving hobboing cutter axis second Motor.
The horizontal screw lead component includes the servo motor for driving, the company for connecting servo motor and horizontal screw lead Female connector slides with the first mating nut of horizontal screw lead, horizontal guide rail, for horizontal guide rail in the drive lower edge of the first nut Sliding block, the both ends fixing piece for installing guide rail and the platform for installing both ends fixing piece.
The handling device be mounted on sliding block bottom, including overhang arrangement vertical leading screw and two upright guide rails, Be fixed on the tablet of two upright guide rail bottoms, mounted on flat plate bottom for driving the third motor of vertical leading screw, being used for Conversion leading screw thick stick rotary motion is the second nut of linear motion, for installing the second nut and the therewith lifting of vertical and straight movement Plate overhangs the elevating lever for being fixed on lifter plate and passing through tablet, is fixed on the substrate of elevating lever lower end and passes through connecting rod Mounted on the pneumatic gripping device of substrate bottom surface corner location, for driving the rotary cylinder that pneumatic gripping device rotates to be installed on cylinder installation On plate, cylinder mounting plate is connected by vertically-mounted connecting rod with the substrate of elevating lever lower end.
A kind of set pipe dish of tiretube process, it is characterised in that:It is consistent with the size of stock hole tray to cover pipe dish length and width dimensions, set The quantity of casing is consistent with the matrix heavy platform quantity of stock hole tray in pipe dish, and each casing corresponds to the centre position of matrix heavy platform.
The top of described sleeve pipe is the circular pipe more than diameter of stock, and lower part is the box body of four hollow pyramid shapes, The top of box body is docked with circular pipe, and the bottom surface of box body is consistent with matrix heavy platform size rectangular.
The utility model has an advantageous effect in that:Equipment provided by the utility model efficiently can carry out anvil to full hole tray Wooden seedling cuts off the processing of top cotyledon, then the casing of grafting is put on to hole tray stock, and whole equipment is simple in structure, the degree of automation Height, it is easy to operation, it is easy expanded.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model entirety.
Fig. 2 is the left view of the utility model entirety.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the utility model entirety.
Fig. 4 is the stereogram of the utility model entirety.
Fig. 5 is stereogram of the utility model with conveying device.
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of the utility model hobboing cutter.
Fig. 7 is the stereogram of the utility model horizontal screw lead component.
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of the utility model handling device.
Fig. 9-1 to Fig. 9-4 is the flow chart of tiretube process grafting.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail, but the utility model is not limited to following implementation Example.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, a kind of using the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device, including be used to convey Plug seedling is conveyed with conveying device 1, mounted on the hobboing cutter 2 for cutting rootstock seedling with 1 upside of conveying device, mounted on band The horizontal screw lead component 3 for driving the movement of 4 transverse horizontal of handling device of 1 back side top of device covers pipe dish for capturing Handling device 4, the alignment sensor 5 for positioning processed stock hole tray are used to place mounted on 1 side of conveying device Placing box 6, the electric fan 7 for blowing away the rootstock seedling cotyledon under being cut mounted on 2 side of hobboing cutter for covering pipe dish.
As shown in figure 5, the band conveying device 1 includes drive roll 1-3 and driven voller 1-5, is mounted on drive roll and driven Conveyer belt 1-2 on roller, the first motor 1-1 for driving drive roll rotation and for supporting drive roll 1-3's and driven voller 1-5 Four the first rolling bearing units 1-4.
As shown in fig. 6, the hobboing cutter 2 includes usheing to seat for being arranged in the holder 2-5 with conveying device both sides, by second Bearing 2-2 be mounted on holder between hobboing cutter axis 2-3, at least one cutting rootstock seedling being fixed on hobboing cutter axis blade 2-4 And the second motor 2-1 for driving hobboing cutter axis.Three planes are uniformly milled out on the circumference of hobboing cutter axis 2-3, in each plane There are two threaded holes for upper brill, for installing blade.Blade is uniformly installed on hobboing cutter axis 2-3, when mitigating revolution at a high speed not Balance.When hobboing cutter axis 2-3 rotates, matrix of the lowermost end away from rootstock seedling that blade reaches is about 5cm, and anvil is being cut off by hobboing cutter After the cotyledon of wooden seedling, the stalk height of stayed rootstock seedling is about 5cm.
As shown in fig. 7, the horizontal screw lead component 3 includes for the servo motor 3-1 of driving, for connecting servo motor With the connector sleeve 3-2 of horizontal screw lead 3-3, with the first mating nut 3-4 of horizontal screw lead, horizontal guide rail 3-5, in the first spiral shell The drive lower edge of female 3-4 sliding block 3-6, the both ends fixing piece 3-7 for installing guide rail of horizontal guide rail 3-5 slidings and is used for The platform 3-8 of both ends fixing piece is installed.
As shown in figure 8, the handling device be mounted on sliding block 3-6 bottom, including overhang arrangement vertical leading screw 4-4 with And two upright guide rail 4-3, be fixed on two upright guide rail bottoms tablet 4-2, mounted on tablet 4-2 bottoms for driving The third motor 4-1 of vertical leading screw 4-4, for converting the rotary motion of leading screw thick stick be the second nut 4-5 to move along a straight line, for pacifying Fill the second nut and therewith the lifter plate 4-6 of vertical and straight movement, overhang be fixed on lifter plate and across the elevating lever 4-7 of tablet, It is fixed on the substrate 4-8 of elevating lever lower end and is mounted on the pneumatic gripping device of substrate bottom surface corner location by connecting rod, pneumatically Handgrip is generally made of rotary cylinder and the handgrip in rotary cylinder shaft.For driving pneumatic gripping device 4-12 to rotate Rotary cylinder 4-11 be installed on cylinder mounting plate 4-10, cylinder mounting plate 4-10 pass through vertically-mounted connecting rod 4-9 with rise The substrate 4-8 for dropping bar lower end is connected.
The grafting method is tiretube process, i.e., rootstock seedling 11 is connected using section of a pipe with fringe seedling 8 and realizes grafting.For Entire rootstock seedling is grafted in realization simultaneously, to improve efficiency, devises one piece of set pipe dish 10.Cover the length and width dimensions and stock of pipe dish The size of hole tray 9 is consistent, and the quantity for covering casing in pipe dish is consistent with the matrix heavy platform 9-1 quantity of stock hole tray, and each casing The centre of corresponding matrix heavy platform.In view of rootstock seedling is not the centre for being grown on matrix heavy platform, each casing is designed as four The box body 10-2 of pyramidal shape, the bottom surface of box body be it is consistent with matrix heavy platform size rectangular, the top surface of box body with slightly larger than anvil The circular pipe 10-1 docking of the wooden diameter.It, can be adaptively toward set pipe dish at the top of rootstock seedling during covering pipe dish decline It is mobile among casing, finally stretch into casing.
The untreated rootstock seedling hole tray is first positioned on conveyer belt close to hobboing cutter one end, is driven to hobboing cutter by conveyer belt Lower section.Hobboing cutter axis drives high speed rotation by the second motor, and rootstock seedling hole tray is after by hobboing cutter axis, untreated hole tray rootstock seedling Upper end cotyledon cut off by blade in sustained height, removed cotyledon blows out conveyer belt by fan, exists to prevent mixed and disorderly cotyledon Alignment sensor is influenced below.
The alignment sensor is installed in rack, when the front end of rootstock seedling hole tray reaches the position of alignment sensor, Conveyer belt stops, and at this moment rootstock seedling hole tray is the correct position in for covering set pipe dish.
The component of the horizontal movement is to be transported the translating rotation of servo motor at along horizontal direction by horizontal screw lead Dynamic linear motion, to realize the horizontal movement covered after pipe dish is gripped.
The handling device is the carrying up and down that realize to covering pipe dish, is turned the rotation of third motor by vertical leading screw It is melted into the linear motion of vertical direction.
The pneumatic gripping device is to drive handgrip rotation using rotary cylinder to realize the gripping to covering pipe dish.It is captured to realize It is reliable, work at the same time there are four handgrip altogether.Wherein not the distance between cylinder of coaxial line be equal to 5X10 used cave The width of disk.
The rootstock seedling hole tray in place after, handgrip rotary cylinder driving under from set pipe dish placing box in accurately capture casing After disk, it is up carried to level altitude by handling device, this need to highly be higher than the top of rootstock seedling.Again by horizontal screw lead group Part drives the set pipe dish of handling device crawl along horizontal movement to the surface of rootstock seedling hole tray, finally by handling device by casing Disk is put in toward trapping in rootstock seedling hole tray.After realizing a series of actions, horizontal screw lead component and handling device playback wait for next Secondary action, conveyer belt restarting, moves to forward next station by the rootstock seedling hole tray for putting on pipe dish, is grafted.
The operation principle of the utility model is:
Untreated rootstock seedling hole tray(As shown in fig. 9-1)It is first positioned on conveyer belt close to hobboing cutter one end, by conveyer belt It drives to hobboing cutter.Hobboing cutter drives high speed rotation by the second motor, and rootstock seedling hole tray is after by hobboing cutter, untreated hole tray anvil The upper end cotyledon of wooden seedling is cut off in sustained height by hobboing cutter(As shown in Fig. 9-2), removed cotyledon blows out conveyer belt by fan. When the front end of rootstock seedling hole tray reaches the position of alignment sensor, conveyer belt stops.Handgrip is under rotary cylinder driving from set After accurately crawl covers pipe dish in pipe dish placing box, it is up carried to level altitude by handling device, this need to highly be higher than anvil The top of wooden seedling.Again by horizontal screw lead component drive handling device crawl set pipe dish along horizontal movement to rootstock seedling hole tray just Grabbing device and set pipe dish are finally covered be put in rootstock seedling hole tray down by top by handling device(As shown in Fig. 9-3).It realizes After a series of actions, horizontal screw lead component and handling device playback, waiting act next time.By the equipment of next process by fringe Seedling 8 is inserted into circular pipe, realizes grafting(As shown in Fig. 9-4).
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, this practicality is new Type can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification made by is equally replaced It changes, improve, should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of utilizing the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device, it is characterised in that:Including being used to convey hole tray The band conveying device of seedling(1), be mounted on band conveying device(1)The hobboing cutter for cutting rootstock seedling of upside(2), be mounted on defeated Send device(1)Back side top is used to drive handling device(4)The horizontal screw lead component of transverse horizontal movement(3), for capturing Cover the handling device of pipe dish(4), be mounted on band conveying device(1)The orientation sensing for positioning processed stock hole tray of rear side Device(5), be mounted on band conveying device(1)The placing box for housing sleeve pipe dish of side(6)And it is mounted on hobboing cutter(2)Side For blow away by cutting under rootstock seedling cotyledon electric fan(7).
2. a kind of full hole tray rootstock seedling using tiretube process according to claim 1 is cut and handling device, feature exist In:The band conveying device(1)Including drive roll(1-3)And driven voller(1-5), conveying on drive roll and driven voller Band(1-2), drive drive roll rotation first motor(1-1)And for supporting drive roll(1-3)And driven voller(1-5)Four A first rolling bearing units(1-4).
3. a kind of full hole tray rootstock seedling using tiretube process according to claim 2 is cut and handling device, feature exist In:The hobboing cutter(2)Include for being arranged in the holder with conveying device both sides(2-5), pass through the second rolling bearing units(2-2)Peace Hobboing cutter axis between holder(2-3), the blade of at least one cutting rootstock seedling that is fixed on hobboing cutter axis(2-4)And it uses In the second motor of driving hobboing cutter axis(2-1).
4. a kind of full hole tray rootstock seedling using tiretube process according to claim 3 is cut and handling device, feature exist In:The horizontal screw lead component(3)It include the servo motor for driving(3-1), for connecting motor and horizontal screw lead(3-3) Connector sleeve(3-2)And the first mating nut of horizontal screw lead(3-4), horizontal guide rail(3-5), in the first nut(3-4) Drive lower edge horizontal guide rail(3-5)The sliding block of sliding(3-6), both ends fixing piece for installing guide rail(3-7)And it uses In the platform of installation both ends fixing piece(3-8).
5. a kind of full hole tray rootstock seedling using tiretube process according to claim 4 is cut and handling device, feature exist In:The handling device is mounted on sliding block(3-6)Bottom, include overhang arrangement vertical leading screw(4-4)And two vertical Guide rail(4-3), be fixed on the tablets of two upright guide rail bottoms(4-2), be mounted on tablet(4-2)Bottom is used to drive vertically Leading screw(4-4)Third motor(4-1), for convert the rotary motion of leading screw thick stick be linear motion the second nut(4-5), be used for Second nut and the therewith lifter plate of vertical and straight movement are installed(4-6), overhang and be fixed on lifter plate and across the elevating lever of tablet (4-7), the substrate for being fixed on elevating lever lower end(4-8)And the pneumatic of substrate bottom surface corner location is mounted on by connecting rod and is grabbed Hand (4-12), for driving pneumatic gripping device(4-12) the rotary cylinder rotated(4-11)It is installed on cylinder mounting plate(4-10)On, Cylinder mounting plate(4-10)Pass through vertically-mounted connecting rod(4-9)With the substrate of elevating lever lower end(4-8)It is connected.
6. applied to a kind of using the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and the set pipe dish of handling device described in claim 1, It is characterized in that:The set pipe dish(10)Length and width dimensions and stock hole tray(9)Size it is consistent, cover pipe dish on casing quantity With the matrix heavy platform of stock hole tray(9-1)Quantity is consistent, and each casing corresponds to the centre position of matrix heavy platform.
7. set pipe dish according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The top of described sleeve pipe is the circle more than diameter of stock Pipeline(10-1), lower part is the box body of four hollow pyramid shapes(10-2), box body(10-2)Top and circular pipe(10- 1)Docking, box body(10-2)Bottom surface be consistent with matrix heavy platform size rectangular.
CN201721658625.2U 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 It is a kind of to utilize the full hole tray rootstock seedling cutting of tiretube process and handling device Active CN207854531U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040479A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-23 浙江理工大学 A kind of separator and its separation method stacking flexible hole tray
CN112690274A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 王彦利 Flower material base blade cutting and size screening device for manufacturing bouquet

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040479A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-23 浙江理工大学 A kind of separator and its separation method stacking flexible hole tray
CN110040479B (en) * 2019-04-10 2020-08-04 浙江理工大学 Separation device and separation method for stacked flexible plug trays
CN112690274A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-23 王彦利 Flower material base blade cutting and size screening device for manufacturing bouquet

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