CN207811607U - A kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment - Google Patents

A kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207811607U
CN207811607U CN201721605426.5U CN201721605426U CN207811607U CN 207811607 U CN207811607 U CN 207811607U CN 201721605426 U CN201721605426 U CN 201721605426U CN 207811607 U CN207811607 U CN 207811607U
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China
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storehouse
heating
fermentation cabin
decomposed
temperature
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朱彦莉
崇忠义
王小辉
赵云龙
刘丽娜
赵思思
张晶
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Beijing Sang Dexin Environmental Sanitation Investment Co Ltd
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Beijing Sang Dexin Environmental Sanitation Investment Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment, the equipment fermentation cabin, stirring system, blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system, aerating system and automatic control device composition, the automatic control device is located at outside the fermentation cabin, it is electrically connected, the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system and aerating system can be controlled according to the fermentation information in the fermentation cabin with the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system and aerating system respectively.The automatic control device that the equipment passes through setting, it can be according to debugging result, after setting operating parameter, realize automatic stirring, automatic intermittent air blast, the automatically heating of equipment, and can be in real-time continuous Real time displaying warehouse oxygen content, temperature, the foul smell situation of warehouse floss hole (ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, odor concentration), whether to start heating system and judging that biological deodorizing system state provides data supporting.

Description

A kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment
Technical field
The utility model is related to composting arrangement field more particularly to a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment.
Background technology
With the popularization of the policies such as categorized consumer waste, Sources decreasing, garbage as resource, beautiful rural development, rural area has The towns the Bu Chu on the spot processing of machine rubbish especially rubbish from cooking has become an important social problem.
Rubbish from cooking has the characteristics such as perishable, organic matter is high, moisture content is higher, complicated components, size are larger, has The good condition of aerobe fermentation compost utilization, but not in time, appropriate processing can have a negative impact to environment.Organic waste it is good Aerobe fermentation process includes the pretreatment (moisture content adjusting, C/N, pH) of raw material, the selection and inoculation of microorganism, the choosing of draft type Select (gravity-flow ventilation, passive ventilation and forced ventilation), compost formal character (bar buttress formula, reactor, biochemical processor) and foul smell The processes such as processing.Currently, machine garbage compost equipment is common are in the market, as China Patent No. is 104211460 A of CN Patent document discloses a kind of quick aerobic composting device, including material mixing portion, aerobic compost part, cycle water section and Air section.It the advantage is that independent material mixing bunker can make material be sufficiently mixed uniform and be not in fertilizer large area knot Block;Multi-pore channel cobblestone supporting layer provides guarantee for aerobic degradation.The patent document that China Patent No. is CN 206033597U is public A kind of comprehensive resource processing system of rubbish from cooking, including sorting equipment, grinding device, squeeze dehydration unit, ultrafiltration are opened Film pre-processing device, agitating device, fermentation processing unit and screening plant.
But existing organic waste composting arrangement is not simply failed to carry out forced ventilation and continuously be monitored on-line to foul smell, and Fermentation process cannot be accurately controlled according to aerobic composting fermentation state dynamic.
Utility model content
Based on the problems of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of organic waste aerobic compost and sets It is standby, can in composting process forced ventilation, and continuously on-line monitoring is carried out to foul smell and aerobic composting process is carried out it is accurate Control can be realized and accurately be controlled fermentation process dynamic.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment of the utility model, including:
Fermentation cabin, stirring system, blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system, aerating system and automatically control dress It sets;Wherein,
The fermentation cabin is equipped with inlet port and outlet port, is divided into the heating storehouse being sequentially communicated, height from front to back in fermentation cabin Warm storehouse and decomposed storehouse, the feed inlet are in above the heating storehouse, and are connected in the heating storehouse, and the discharge outlet is in institute Decomposed storehouse rear end is stated, and is connected in the decomposed storehouse;The length in the decomposed storehouse is more than the length in the high temperature storehouse, the high temperature The length in storehouse is more than the length in the heating storehouse;
The stirring system is located in the fermentation cabin;
The biological deodorizing system and blower unit are located at outside the fermentation cabin, and the biological deodorizing system is through blower unit It is connected to in the fermentation cabin;
The aeration component of the aerating system is located at bottom in the fermentation cabin;
The heating battery plate of the heating system is located on the bulkhead of the fermentation cabin;
The automatic control device is located at outside the fermentation cabin, respectively with the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating System and aerating system electrical connection, can be according to the fermentation information in the fermentation cabin to the blower unit, biological deodorizing system System, heating system and aerating system are controlled.
The organic waste that the utility model embodiment provides it can be seen from above-mentioned technical solution provided by the utility model Aerobic compost equipment, advantage are:
By carrying out the aerating system of Collaborative Control according to status information in fermentation cabin by automatic control device, air inducing fills Set, biological deodorizing system and heating system, by aerating system can according to the material stage residing in aerobic composting process into The air blast of row varying strength ensures compost effect while saving running cost;Matched by blower unit and biological deodorizing system It closes, is discharged after deodorization can be forced to the foul smell generated in composting process, avoid pollution environment;It can be to fermentation cabin by heating system Each subregion controlled;And then it realizes and composting process is controlled into Mobile state, accurately.
Description of the drawings
It is required in being described below to embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the utility model embodiment The attached drawing used is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the utility model Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art for, without creative efforts, can also be according to these attached drawings Obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is that the section for the organic waste aerobic compost equipment that the utility model embodiment provides constitutes schematic diagram;
In Fig. 1 respectively marked as:1- feed inlets;2- temperature sensors;3- oxygen sensors;4- biological deodorizing devices;5- ammonia Gas sensor;6- hydrogen sulfide sensors;7- air-introduced machines;8- spiral lodicules;9- air blowers;The decomposed storehouses 10-;11- solarization air caps; 12- Anti-clogging bottom plate;13- high temperature storehouse;14- heatings storehouse;15- driving devices;16- display screens;17- automatic control devices;18- discharges Mouthful;19- heats battery plate;20- chains;21- gears;22- rotation axis;23- body fuselages;
Fig. 2 is the fermentation cabin bottom solarization air cap signal for the organic waste aerobic compost equipment that the utility model embodiment provides Figure;
Fig. 3 is that the master control set for the organic waste aerobic compost equipment that the utility model embodiment provides constitutes schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that the biological deodorizing device for the organic waste aerobic compost equipment that the utility model embodiment provides constitutes signal Figure;
In Fig. 4 respectively marked as:51- air inlets;52- spray equipments;53- exhaust outlets;54- biological filter flitch;55- air-flows point Partition board.
Fig. 5 is the processing technological flow figure for the organic waste aerobic compost equipment that the utility model embodiment provides.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to the particular content of the utility model, to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model carry out it is clear, It is fully described by, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole implementation Example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without making creative work Every other embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.It is not described in detail in the utility model embodiment Content belongs to the prior art well known to professional and technical personnel in the field.
As shown in Fig. 2, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment, be it is a kind of can in real time into Material, dynamic compost, inorganic conditioning, oxygen in warehouse, temperature, gas discharge outlet ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and odor concentration it is real-time The aerobic fermentation equipment of line monitoring, may be used primarily for the good of rubbish from cooking, afforestation rubbish and a small amount of kitchen garbage for being mixed with Aerobe fermentation, including:
Fermentation cabin, stirring system, blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system, aerating system and automatically control dress It sets;Wherein,
The fermentation cabin is equipped with inlet port and outlet port, is divided into the heating storehouse being sequentially communicated, height from front to back in fermentation cabin Warm storehouse and decomposed storehouse, the length in the decomposed storehouse are more than the length in the high temperature storehouse, and the length in the high temperature storehouse is more than the liter The length in warm storehouse, the feed inlet are in above the heating storehouse, and are connected in the heating storehouse, and the discharge outlet is in described Decomposed storehouse rear end, and is connected in the decomposed storehouse;
The stirring system is located in the fermentation cabin;
The biological deodorizing system and blower unit are located at outside the fermentation cabin, and the biological deodorizing system is through blower unit It is connected to in the fermentation cabin;
The aeration component of the aerating system is located at bottom in the fermentation cabin;
The heating battery plate of the heating system is located on the bulkhead of the fermentation cabin;
The automatic control device is located at outside the fermentation cabin, respectively with the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating System and aerating system electrical connection, can be according to the fermentation information in the fermentation cabin to the blower unit, biological deodorizing system System, heating system and aerating system are controlled.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, fermentation cabin includes:
Body fuselage, the body fuselage Inner Front End be driving part install room, rear end be the heating storehouse being sequentially communicated, High temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse, driving part installation room are separated by partition board with the heating storehouse, are not connected to mutually;
The length ratio in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse is 1:2:3;Each warehouse of length in this way, can effectively prolong The long compost maturity phase, be conducive to the generation of compost humus, and then be conducive to the land use of product.
Setting connects the ventilation opening of the blower unit above the discharge port.
The discharge outlet of above-mentioned fermentation cabin is equipped with filtering grid, and when can prevent discharging, inorganic conditioner escapes from hair with material Ferment storehouse.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, blower unit uses air-introduced machine, is located at the ventilation opening of the fermentation cabin rear end, should Air-introduced machine is electrically connected with the automatic control device.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, biological deodorizing system includes:
Temporary storing bin is located at the top of the fermentation cabin, is connect by the road with the blower unit;
Biological deodorizing device is connect with the temporary storing bin by the road;
Ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor are respectively set in the exhaust outlet of the biological deodorizing device, the biology removes Smelly device, ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor are electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, biological deodorizing device structure is as shown in Fig. 2, include:
Air inlet is arranged in shell, front lower portion, and exhaust outlet is arranged in upper rear end;
Multiple splitter plates are arranged in interleaved from front to back in the shell, and the multiple splitter plate is described The air inlet is separated to form in shell to the current path of turning back between exhaust outlet;
The inner walls and each splitter plate surface are respectively equipped with biological filter flitch;
Multiple spray equipments are arranged in the shell inner top.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, stirring system includes:
Driving device, and the transmission device that is connect with the driving device, the driving device and transmission device are each provided at described The driving part installation of fermentation cabin Inner Front End is indoor, which is electrically connected with the automatic control device;
Rotation axis, horizontal through being located in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin, the front end of the rotation axis It is connect with the driving device through the transmission device;
Spiral lodicule is located in the rotation axis.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, transmission device uses the chain type transmission mechanism that chain and gear form.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, heating system includes:
Polylith heats battery plate, is laid on roof and the corruption in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin respectively On the rear wall in ripe storehouse, polylith heats battery plate and is electrically connected respectively with the automatic control device;
Three temperature sensors are respectively provided at the top in heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and the decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin, each temperature Sensor is spent to be electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively.
The heating system of this structure can be respectively formed and can individually control in heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and three, decomposed storehouse warehouse The electric heating system of system is heated according to the temperature of each warehouse.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, aerating system includes:
It is aerated component, is located at bottom in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin;
Three oxygen sensors are set up separately by lifting gear in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin Interior top, each oxygen sensor are electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively;
Air blower is located at outside the fermentation cabin, is connect by the road with the aeration component, the air blower with it is described automatic Control device is electrically connected.
Further air blower can be arranged three, respectively by three pipelines respectively with heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed The aeration component connection of bottom, this individually to control the indoor aeration in each storehouse in storehouse.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, aeration component is by the perforated pipe equipped with solarization air cap, and is laid on the perforated pipe Anti-clogging bottom plate composition;
Heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse in fermentation cabin are different with the solarization air cap pore size of the perforated pipe in decomposed orlop portion.Tool Body, the solarization air cap aperture in high temperature orlop portion is maximum, is macropore, the solarization air cap aperture in heating orlop portion is mesoporous, decomposed The solarization air cap aperture of the perforated pipe in orlop portion is minimum, is aperture (referring to Fig. 3).The perforated pipe in such aperture is set, it is convenient to not Aeration quantity with warehouse is accurately controlled;
The solarization air cap opening direction of perforated pipe is downward 45 degree of inclined-plane, can effectively prevent after upper materials are leaked down from bottom plate and blocks up Hole.
As shown in figure 4, in above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, automatic control device is located on the preceding bulkhead outside the fermentation cabin, The automatic control device includes:DTU data receivers and processing module, wireless data transfer module, radio frequency identification positioning mould Block, mixing control module, heating control module, aeration control module and display screen;Wherein,
The DTU data receivers are electrically connected with processing module and the biological deodorizing system, the DTU data receivers and place Module is managed to communicate to connect through the wireless data transfer module and radio frequency identification locating module;
The mixing control module is electrically connected with the stirring system, which passes through the wireless data Defeated module is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The heating control module is electrically connected with the heating system, which passes through the wireless data Defeated module is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The aeration control module is electrically connected with the stirring system, which passes through the wireless data Defeated module is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The radio frequency identification locating module is electrically connected with display screen, which passes through net Network is communicated to connect with cloud platform.
In above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment, the shell in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin is all made of heat preservation Material.It can ensure to reduce heating under the higher environment of temperature in this way, or without heating, under the relatively low environment of temperature very well Heat preservation.
Above-mentioned aerobic fermentation equipment further includes:Further include:It is located in the fermentation cabin as the multiple more of inorganic conditioner Face inertia hollow ball.The hollow ball surface of multi-panel inertia is equipped with circular hole, and Circularhole diameter is 30~50cm, and it is empty that this multi-panel inertia is arranged Bulbus cordis can guarantee that the porosity of material, air can be evenly dispersed.Rigid plastic balls can be used in multi-panel inertia hollow ball.
Using the aerobic fermentation equipment of the utility model, the step of carrying out aerobic fermentation to organic waste, is following (referring to figure 5):
Organic waste is pre-processed, including manual sorting's platform, conveyer belt, shearing-crushing device and extrusion dehydration dress Set, pretreated material size be 3~5cm, moisture content 60%, pretreated material through screw rod effect enter hair Aerobic fermentation is carried out in ferment storehouse.
Fermentation cabin is divided into heating storehouse, and solarization air cap, the aeration in three storehouses is distributed in high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse, fermentation cabin bottom Hole density and not of uniform size, high temperature storehouse aeration hole density and size maximum (7~8mm), decomposed storehouse aeration hole density and size are most Small (2~3mm).Material is acted on from after entering fermentation warehouse by the intermittent rotary of screw rod, while stirring, forward impelling. It is forced from fermentation cabin bottom ventilation using air blower when air blast, air blower considers noise reduction and cooling measure.The length of three warehouses Ratio is 1:2:3 (this is because a complete composting process, the time ratio of temperature raising period, megathermal period and decomposed phase is 1:2: 3)。
Material is preprocessed (shearing-crushing, extrusion dehydration), into fermentation cabin after with the inorganic tune that is put into advance in warehouse Manage agent mixing.Inorganic conditioner (multi-panel inertia hollow ball), 6~10cm of diameter, high temperature resistant is not involved in biochemical reaction, instrumentality Expect void ratio, oxygen is made to be uniformly distributed.When discharging in order to prevent, inorganic conditioner escapes from fermentation cabin with material, can be in discharge port Filtering grid is set.Take fermentation cabin bottom perforated pipe be aerated mode, aeration quantity number by air blower air blast frequency and Blasting time length determines, takes intermittent air blast mode, the opening direction of perforated pipe is downward 45 degree of inclined-plane, to prevent upper layer substance Material from bottom plate leak down after plug-hole.Meanwhile to prevent from falling into upper materials moving process around layer aeration tube on earth, fermentation layer bottom One layer tiny of gauze of portion's aeration board upper installing hole diameter, place aeration tube bottom space side be installed as can open type door, with Conducive to periodic cleaning.
The optional technology of microbial inoculant is more ripe in fermentation cabin, the preferably compound EM bacteria agent of traction.
Gas discharges after processing, and processing uses biological deodorizing device.
It is respectively provided with temperature sensor, oxygen sensor in three fermentation cabins, treated, and gas is equipped with ammonia in floss hole Gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor, the output end of all the sensors are connected with the input terminal of signal conditioner, signal condition The output end of device is connected with the input terminal of A/D converter, the output end and display screen of A/D converter, automatic control device phase Connection.
Gas enters biological deodorizing device from bottom, in biological device be equipped with spray equipment, gas in the device due to The effect of multiple splitter plates, and turn back and advance, under the action of filtrate microorganism, purified gas is arranged from floss hole Go out.
The Zymolysis Equipment is in northern area in use, shell uses thermal insulation material, and external heat;It is used in southern area When, only with thermal insulation material, external heat can not be taken.The heating system is independent in heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse System, according to the temperature sensor feedback temperature in each storehouse, each storehouse temperature parameter being arranged by automatic control device starts each From heating system, the input terminal of automatic control device is connected with timer.
Automatic control device on the body fuselage of fermentation cabin can be stirred control, aeration control, heating control System and automatic failure alarm.
The utility model embodiment is specifically described in further detail below.
As shown in Figure 1, the aerobic fermentation equipment of the utility model includes:Fermentation cabin, biological deodorizing system, heating system, Aerating system, stirring system and automatic control device;In figure, 1 for be arranged in fermentation cabin feed inlet, 2,201,202 be temperature Spend sensor;3,301,302 be oxygen sensor;4 be biological deodorizing device 4;5 be ammonia gas sensor;6 sense for hydrogen sulfide Device;7 be blower unit (using air-introduced machine);8 be spiral lodicule;9 be air blower;10 be decomposed storehouse;11 be the aeration of perforated pipe Hole;12 be anti-clogging bottom plate;13 be high temperature storehouse;14 be heating storehouse;15 be driving device;16 be the display of automatic control device Screen;17 be automatic control device;18 be discharge port;19,191,192 be heating battery plate;20 be chain;21 be gear;22 be to turn Moving axis;23 be the body fuselage of fermentation cabin.
It is divided into three warehouses, storehouse of respectively heating up, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse in fermentation cabin, the length ratio of three warehouses is 1: 2:3;Differed by air blower forced ventilation, the solarization air cap size and density of each chamber fermentation cabin bottom.What the megathermal period needed Amount of oxygen is most, therefore uses macropore, high density;The decomposed phase is that heat loss is avoided to use aperture, low-density.According to fermentation cabin The height of interior temperature and oxygen content, interval start aerator.Further, three air blowers can also be used in aerating system, Respectively to storehouse of heating up, high temperature storehouse and three, decomposed storehouse warehouse are respectively controlled by an air blower, according to each warehouse temperature, oxygen Gas, is respectively started respective heating or air blower, and each air blower takes different air blast frequencies and air blast intermittent time.
Above-mentioned heating system;As temp probe temperature sensor by lifting set up separately heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and In the warehouse of three, decomposed storehouse, temperature sensor liftable is realized, can decline and be deep into 50cm or less in material.Temperature sensor Binding post and heat battery plate binding post be all connected with automatic control device 17.It is enclosed with heat preservation rock outside heating battery plate Cotton, heat preservation rock outer set are equipped with body fuselage.
Above-mentioned aerating system;Take fermentation cabin bottom perforated pipe be aerated mode, aeration quantity number by air blower Air blast frequency and blasting time length determine, take intermittent air blast mode, the solarization air cap opening direction of perforated pipe is that inclined-plane is downward 45 degree, with prevent upper materials from bottom plate leak down after plug-hole.
Above-mentioned stirring system;Driving device (motor can be used) drives chain and gear rotation, to drive rotation Axis rotates, and has spiral lodicule in rotation axis.In rotation process, the stirring and material that realize material are advanced with spiral lodicule.Object Material enters high temperature storehouse from heating storehouse and enters eventually into decomposed storehouse, is discharged from discharge port after reaching decomposed.To the company of realizing Continuous charging and continuous discharge.
Above-mentioned biological deodorizing system;Discharge gas acts through air inlet 51 through air-introduced machine and enters biological deodorizing device 4, spray equipment 52 sprays adsorbent (alkalescent liquid), on the one hand reduces gas temperature, while absorbing sour gas, makes a living Microorganism in object deodorization device creates the environment of moistening.The setting of splitter plate 55 is to extend gas distance, making foul smell It is come into full contact with microorganism, achievees the purpose that deodorization to be utilized by microorganism.
Purified gas is discharged into through exhaust outlet 53 in external environment, and exhaust outlet 53 is provided with monitoring ammonia, hydrogen sulfide Ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor.Ammonia, hydrogen sulfide data reach automatic control device by Transmission system, through advance The fitting formula of setting, output show odor concentration, meanwhile, show ammonia and concentration of hydrogen sulfide.To realize discharge gas The real time monitoring of body and the real time monitoring of biological deodorizing device operating status.
Above-mentioned automatic control device is mounted on body fuselage, which is constituted as shown in figure 4, including stirring Mix control module, aeration control module, heating control module and automatic failure alarm etc..
There are temperature sensor h and oxygen sensor inside the equipment, the biological deodorizing device of gas after discharge processing Exhaust outlet is equipped with ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor, and the output end of all the sensors is connected with the input terminal of signal conditioner It connects, the output end of signal conditioner is connected with the input terminal of A/D converter, the output end of A/D converter and automatically controls dress It sets and is connected.By the automatic control device of setting, which can be according to debugging result, and after setting operating parameter, realization is set Standby automatic stirring, automatic intermittent air blast, automatic heating, and can be in real-time continuous Real time displaying warehouse oxygen content, temperature, The foul smell situation (ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, odor concentration) of warehouse floss hole, whether to start heating device and judging deodorization device shape State provides data supporting.
The equipment in the process of running, in order to ensure compost effect, can be put into one by feed inlet in fermentation cabin Quantitative inorganic conditioner, inorganic conditioner are inert hollow ball, and hollow ball surface has a circular hole, Circularhole diameter is 30~ 50cm.The purpose of inorganic conditioner is to ensure the porosity of material, and air can be evenly dispersed.
The preferable specific implementation mode of the above, only the utility model, but the scope of protection of the utility model is not It is confined to this, any one skilled in the art can readily occur in the technical scope that the utility model discloses Change or replacement, should be covered within the scope of the utility model.Therefore, the scope of protection of the utility model should Subject to the scope of protection of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment, which is characterized in that including:
Fermentation cabin, stirring system, blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system, aerating system and automatic control device;Its In,
The fermentation cabin is equipped with inlet port and outlet port, is divided into the heating storehouse being sequentially communicated, high temperature storehouse from front to back in fermentation cabin With decomposed storehouse, the length in the decomposed storehouse is more than the length in the high temperature storehouse, and the length in the high temperature storehouse is more than the heating storehouse Length, the feed inlet is in above the heating storehouse, and is connected in the heating storehouse, and the discharge outlet is in described decomposed Storehouse rear end, and is connected in the decomposed storehouse;
The stirring system is located in the fermentation cabin;
The biological deodorizing system and blower unit are located at outside the fermentation cabin, and the biological deodorizing system is through blower unit and institute State connection in fermentation cabin;
The aeration component of the aerating system is located at bottom in the fermentation cabin;
The heating battery plate of the heating system is located on the bulkhead of the fermentation cabin;
The automatic control device is located at outside the fermentation cabin, respectively with the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, heating system With aerating system be electrically connected, can according to the fermentation information in the fermentation cabin to the blower unit, biological deodorizing system, plus Hot systems and aerating system are controlled.
2. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fermentation cabin includes:
Body fuselage, the body fuselage Inner Front End are that driving part installs room, and rear end is the heating storehouse being sequentially communicated, high temperature Storehouse and decomposed storehouse, driving part installation room are separated by partition board with the heating storehouse, are not connected to mutually;
The length ratio in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse is 1:2:3;
Setting connects the ventilation opening of the blower unit above the discharge port;
The discharge outlet is equipped with filtering grid;
The shell in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin is all made of thermal insulation material.
3. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the blower unit It using air-introduced machine, is located at the ventilation opening of the fermentation cabin rear end, which is electrically connected with the automatic control device;
The Zymolysis Equipment further includes:It is located at multiple multi-panel inertia hollow balls as inorganic conditioner in the fermentation cabin.
4. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the biological deodorizing System includes:
Temporary storing bin is located at the top of the fermentation cabin, is connect by the road with the blower unit;
Biological deodorizing device is connect with the temporary storing bin by the road;
Ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor, the biological deodorizing dress are respectively set in the exhaust outlet of the biological deodorizing device It sets, ammonia gas sensor and hydrogen sulfide sensor are electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively.
5. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the biological deodorizing device Including:
Air inlet is arranged in shell, front lower portion, and exhaust outlet is arranged in upper rear end;
Multiple splitter plates are arranged in interleaved from front to back in the shell, and the multiple splitter plate is in the shell The air inlet is inside separated to form to the current path of turning back between exhaust outlet;
The inner walls and each splitter plate surface are respectively equipped with biological filter flitch;
Multiple spray equipments are arranged in the shell inner top.
6. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the stirring system Including:
Driving device, and the transmission device that is connect with the driving device, the driving device and transmission device are each provided at the fermentation The driving part installation of storehouse Inner Front End is indoor, which is electrically connected with the automatic control device;
Rotation axis, horizontal through being located in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin, the front end of the rotation axis is through institute Transmission device is stated to connect with the driving device;
Spiral lodicule is located in the rotation axis.
7. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the heating system Including:
Polylith heats battery plate, is laid on the heating storehouse of the fermentation cabin, roof and the decomposed storehouse in high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse respectively Rear wall on, polylith heat battery plate respectively with the automatic control device be electrically connected;
Three temperature sensors are set up separately by lifting gear in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin Top, each temperature sensor are electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively.
8. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the aerating system Including:
It is aerated component, is located at bottom in the heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin;
Three oxygen sensors, are respectively provided at the top in heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse and the decomposed storehouse of the fermentation cabin, and each oxygen passes Sensor is electrically connected with the automatic control device respectively;
Air blower is located at outside the fermentation cabin, is connect by the road with the aeration component, which automatically controls with described Device is electrically connected.
9. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the aeration component is by setting There is the perforated pipe of solarization air cap, and the anti-clogging bottom plate composition being laid on the perforated pipe;
Heating storehouse, high temperature storehouse in the fermentation cabin are different with the solarization air cap pore size of the perforated pipe in decomposed orlop portion;
The solarization air cap opening direction of perforated pipe is downward 45 degree of inclined-plane.
10. a kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that described to automatically control Device is located on the preceding bulkhead outside the fermentation cabin, which includes:It is DTU data receivers and processing module, wireless Data transmission module, radio frequency identification locating module, mixing control module, heating control module, aeration control module and aobvious Display screen;Wherein,
The DTU data receivers are electrically connected with processing module and the biological deodorizing system, the DTU data receivers and processing mould Block is communicated to connect through the wireless data transfer module and radio frequency identification locating module;
The mixing control module is electrically connected with the stirring system, and the mixing control module is through the wireless data transmission mould Block is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The heating control module is electrically connected with the heating system, and the heating control module is through the wireless data transmission mould Block is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The aeration control module is electrically connected with the stirring system, and the aeration control module is through the wireless data transmission mould Block is communicated to connect with radio frequency identification locating module;
The radio frequency identification locating module and display screen are electrically connected, the radio frequency identification locating module by network with Cloud platform communicates to connect.
CN201721605426.5U 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of organic waste aerobic compost equipment Active CN207811607U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109485475A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-03-19 南京大学 A kind of efficient rubbish from cooking aerobic fermentation equipment
CN109851412A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-07 东莞市园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of garden waste processing unit and processing and utilization method
CN109879683A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-06-14 江苏天楹环保能源成套设备有限公司 A kind of perishable garbage compost fast dewatering equipment
CN111097776A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-05-05 大唐东营发电有限公司 Garbage fermentation treatment device of garbage incineration power plant

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109485475A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-03-19 南京大学 A kind of efficient rubbish from cooking aerobic fermentation equipment
CN109851412A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-07 东莞市园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of garden waste processing unit and processing and utilization method
CN109879683A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-06-14 江苏天楹环保能源成套设备有限公司 A kind of perishable garbage compost fast dewatering equipment
CN111097776A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-05-05 大唐东营发电有限公司 Garbage fermentation treatment device of garbage incineration power plant

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