CN207811165U - For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station - Google Patents

For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207811165U
CN207811165U CN201721455750.3U CN201721455750U CN207811165U CN 207811165 U CN207811165 U CN 207811165U CN 201721455750 U CN201721455750 U CN 201721455750U CN 207811165 U CN207811165 U CN 207811165U
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China
Prior art keywords
column
assembly
vehicle
vehicle lifting
pawl
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Active
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CN201721455750.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林海岩
李楠
田小涛
丁习坤
马永跃
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NIO Anhui Holding Co Ltd
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NOI Ltd
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Priority to CN201721455750.3U priority Critical patent/CN207811165U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of vehicle lifting device for electrical changing station and uses its electrical changing station, belongs to the dynamic battery changing technical field of vehicle.The vehicle lifting device of the utility model includes the first elevation carrection component and the second elevation carrection component for being mounted on the corresponding different different columns for promoting beam assembly, wherein, first elevation carrection component is used to measure the current level value of the promotion beam assembly in real time and is fed back to the control unit of alternating current generator, and the second elevation carrection component measures another control unit for promoting the current level value of beam assembly and fed back to alternating current generator in real time.The vehicle lifting device of the utility model can be greatly improved in the safety for changing electric process.

Description

For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the dynamic battery changing technical field of vehicle, is related to electrical changing station, more particularly, to changes electricity The vehicle lifting device stood.
Background technology
In order to adapt to environmental protection and energy crisis, new-energy automobile(Such as electric vehicle)It is more and more universal.Existing new energy A critically important developing direction is exactly to change electric-type new-energy automobile in source vehicle, compared to slotting energy for filling formula new-energy automobile Enough greatly shorten the energy recharge time.
It carries out changing electricity for convenience of user vehicle, needs to establish corresponding electrical changing station(Or it is " changing electric system ").Due to people Work changes the too low industry application being not suitable in electrical changing station of electrical efficiency, so, in order to realize rapidly and efficiently move electricity certainly, changing It needs to be equipped with vehicle location regulating system in power station, being moved to the vehicle for change electricity suitable for changing electric target position It sets, then utilizes battery replacement device(Such as the battery changing trolley for loading power battery pack)It carries out moving electricity certainly.
Since the power battery in electric vehicle is typically mounted at general chassis position, changed for convenience of battery replacement device It is electrically operated, in changing electric process, it is necessary first to which vehicle is promoted to certain height.For this purpose, the vehicle location of electrical changing station is adjusted Vehicle lifting device has been generally comprised in system or it is implemented as vehicle lifting device.
The promotion precision of vehicle lifting device directly affects the positioning accuracy of vehicle, and then influences to move electric behaviour certainly below Make process;The promotion precision of vehicle lifting device has an effect on the safety changed in electric process, for example, if hoisting depth is inconsistent Lead to inclination of vehicle, the rolling of easy initiation vehicle such as is fallen at the larger safety problem.
Utility model content
One of the purpose of this utility model is, knows that vehicle lifting device is in being promoted or declining vehicle processes in time No run-off the straight.
The further object of the utility model is, improves the safety of vehicle lifting device.
To realize that object above or other purposes, the utility model provide following technical scheme.
According to the utility model in a first aspect, providing a kind of vehicle lifting device for electrical changing station comprising:
First group of column and second group of column,
Between first group of column and can relatively described first group of column move up and down in the height direction First promotes beam assembly,
Between second group of column and can relatively described second group of column move up and down in the height direction Second promotes beam assembly, and
Alternating current generator for driving the first promotion beam assembly and the second promotion beam assembly to move up and down and its control Component;
Wherein, the both sides for the vehicle being elevated are placed in described first and promote beam assembly and the second promotion beam assembly respectively On;
And further include:
The first elevation carrection component at least one column of first group of column, is used to survey in real time It measures the first current height value of the first promotion beam assembly and is fed back to the control unit;With
The second elevation carrection component at least one column of second group of column, is used to survey in real time It measures the second current height value of the second promotion beam assembly and is fed back to the control unit.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein the control unit includes:
Comparison module is used for the first height value and second height that the first elevation carrection component described in comparison is fed back Second height value of measuring part feedback is to determine the difference between them;With
Determining module is tilted, is used to determined in the case where the difference is greater than or equal to tolerance in promotion or be declined The vehicle has occurred and that inclination in the process.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein the control unit is additionally configured to true Alternating current generator described in instruction triggers is sent out when having occurred and that inclination surely carries out band-type brake and/or triggering anti-falling mechanism progress fall arrest Action.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein correspond to the anti-falling mechanism described The ratchet being arranged on column;Also, the anti-falling mechanism includes:
Pedestal, can the relatively described column move up and down in the height direction;
First pawl is mounted on the pedestal and can be rotated relative to first axle by first axle;And
Electromagnetically actuated component, be fixedly mounted on the pedestal and its output shaft it is opposite with first pawl in The ratchet offsets on one side.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein the Electromagnetically actuated component receive it is anti- Fall drives its output shaft to stretch out when instructing, to push the lower end of first pawl to be rotated towards the ratchet, Zhi Daosuo It states the first pawl and is stuck in the ratchet.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein further include setting the column with it is corresponding First promote beam assembly or second promote anti-falling mechanism before beam assembly, correspond to the anti-falling mechanism described vertical The ratchet being arranged on column;Also, the anti-falling mechanism includes:
Pedestal, can the relatively described column move up and down in the height direction;
Second pawl is mounted on the pedestal by the second axis and the second shaft rotation can be moved relatively, also, described The upper end of second pawl is lifted by suspended chain in normal state;And
Elastomeric element is mounted on the pedestal and can export bounce in normal state to second spine The lower end of pawl it is opposite in the one side of the ratchet.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein in the improper shape of suspended chain fracture Under state, the bounce of the elastomeric element pushes the lower end of second pawl to be rotated towards the ratchet, until described second Pawl is stuck in the ratchet.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein the first elevation carrection component and described Any one of second elevation carrection component, which is used to control described first and promotes beam assembly and described second, promotes beam assembly Promotion or falling head.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein further include for detecting whether someone enters Protection grating in the vehicle lifting device.
According to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein the first elevation carrection component and described Second elevation carrection component is coded scale.
According to the another aspect of the utility model, a kind of electrical changing station is provided comprising the vehicle of any description above, which rises, to be lifted Device.
According to the further aspect of the utility model, the control method of the vehicle lifting device described in more than one is also provided, It includes step:
Compare the first height value and the second elevation carrection component feedback of the first elevation carrection component feedback Second height value is to determine the difference between them;With
The vehicle described during promotion or decline has been determined in the case where the difference is greater than or equal to tolerance Run-off the straight.
According to the control method of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein further include step:
Determining that the when of having occurred and that inclination triggers the alternating current generator progress band-type brake and/or triggering anti-falling mechanism is prevented It falls action.
According to the control method of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein further include step:
When determining that someone enters in the vehicle lifting device, triggering anti-falling mechanism carries out fall arrest action.
According to the control method of one embodiment of the utility model, wherein further include the ginseng for the size for setting the tolerance Number setting procedure
The utility model by correspondence it is different promoted beam assembly different columns on be arranged the first elevation carrection component and Second elevation carrection component, the height value that one of elevation carrection component measures can be used as another elevation carrection component to survey Whether the value of feedback of the height value of amount, it is highly consistent accurately to automatically determine different promotion beam assemblies, to accurately determine Vehicle whether run-off the straight, be conducive to avoid continuing in the case of inclination of vehicle in time the peace caused by being promoted or being declined Full problem, the promotion of vehicle or decline process are safer.
It will become apparent according to the features above of the following description and drawings the utility model and operation.
Description of the drawings
From the following detailed description in conjunction with attached drawing, it will make the utility model above and other purpose and advantage more It is complete clear, wherein same or analogous element, which is adopted, to be indicated by the same numeral.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram according to the electrical changing station of one embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram according to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the explosive view of the vehicle lifting device of Fig. 2 embodiments.
Fig. 4 is the part for the column that height measuring device is equipped in Fig. 2 and the vehicle lifting device of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 Structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the modular structure schematic diagram according to the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the part knot for the column that Anti-falling structure is equipped in Fig. 2 and the vehicle lifting device of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 illustrates the fall arrest action process of Anti-falling structure shown in fig. 6, wherein Fig. 7 to illustrate anti-falling function Open but do not carry out the state of fall arrest action;Fig. 8 signal fall arrests act the state carried out.
Fig. 9 is the flow chart according to the control method of the vehicle lifting device of one embodiment of the utility model.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is more fully described now with reference to attached drawing, shown in the drawings of the exemplary of the utility model Embodiment.But the utility model can be realized according to many different forms, and be not construed as being limited to explaining here The embodiment stated.On the contrary, these embodiments are provided so that the disclosure becomes thorough and complete, and the design of the utility model is complete Pass to those skilled in the art entirely.In attached drawing, identical label refers to identical element or component, therefore, will omit to it Description.
Herein, vehicle refers to the pure electric automobile or hybrid power vapour that driving is at least partly provided using power battery Vehicle.Wherein, the power battery of vehicle is for example mounted on the substantially chassis position of vehicle, to if necessary to easily be changed It is electrically operated, it needs to promote vehicle using the vehicle lifting device 20 of the utility model embodiment, certainly, vehicle lifting device 20 Also it can decline vehicle.
The vehicle lifting device 20 of the utility model embodiment is applied to building electrical changing station as shown in Figure 1 in electrical changing station 10.Electrical changing station 10 mainly includes battery compartment 11, vehicle lifting device 20, is arranged in battery compartment 11 and vehicle lifting device 20 Track 13 and the battery changing trolley 15 advanced on track 13.When carrying out changing electrically operated, vehicle lifting device 20 is needed vehicle 900 are promoted to predetermined altitude, and battery changing trolley 15 dismantles the power electric needed replacing in the lower section of vehicle 900 from its chassis Pond, the then lower section from the power battery of 11 carrying electricity abundance of battery compartment to vehicle 900, by power battery and vehicle 900 After the alignment of power battery installation site, installed automatically.
The electrical changing station 10 of above example can not need staff in changing electric process and enter 900 peripheral region of vehicle Domain to ensure to change electric safety, such as can forbid personnel to enter the region residing for vehicle lifting device 20.
In the utility model embodiment, the major function of vehicle lifting device 20 is that vehicle 900 is promoted to pre-determined bit It sets, it is to be understood, however, that arriving, vehicle lifting device 20 can also be realized to vehicle 900 on the horizontal plane in vertical height direction Position positioning, will omit to the specific descriptions of the function below.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the vehicle lifting device 20 of the utility model embodiment is column lifting device, is made With multiple columns 23, such as four columns 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d in square layout.It is arranged in vehicle lifting device 20 There are workbench 21, four columns 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d to be fixedly mounted on workbench 21.
As needed, column 23a and 23d can be set on one group of column, column 23b and 23c is set as another group Column, every group of column are correspondingly arranged on the promotion beam assembly 25 of vehicle lifting device 20, for example, between column 23a and column 23d It is equipped with and promotes beam assembly 25a, be equipped between column 23b and column 23c and promote beam assembly 25b.It promotes beam assembly 25a and carries It is horizontally disposed in an essentially parallel manner to rise beam assembly 25b, and before the lifting, the vehicle 200 being elevated is moved into promotion beam assembly On 25, also, the both sides of vehicle 200(Such as the left and right sides)It is placed in respectively and promotes beam assembly 25a and promotion beam assembly 25b On.During promotion or decline, promoting beam assembly 25a can in the height direction move up and down with respect to column 23a and 23d, Promoting beam assembly 25b can in the height direction move up and down with respect to column 23b and 23c, to which vehicle 200 can be with promotion Beam assembly 25a and 25b are moved up and down in the height direction, and are positioned in when promoting beam assembly 25a and 25b and stopping mobile A certain height and position.
In one embodiment, it promotes beam assembly 25a and 25b to be respectively set there are two support arm 251, each lifting beam group The support arm 251 of part 25 inwardly stretches, and four wheels of vehicle 200 can be positioned on four support arms 251.Each support arm 251 are correspondingly arranged on motor, so as to realize the position adjusting realized in the horizontal plane to vehicle 200.
In view of the weight of vehicle 200 is larger, in the embodiments of the present invention, select alternating current generator 28 as power Component, alternating current generator 28 are specifically as follows three phase alternating current motor, can be according to the friendship of specific requirement option and installment respective type Galvanic electricity machine 28;Corresponding alternating current generator 28 is provided with control unit 29, and control unit 29 is used for controlling the operating of motor 28 or even right The band-type brake of motor 28 acts and action of declutching;In this way, alternating current generator 28 and control unit 29 mainly constitute dynamical system, it Can realize driving promoted beam assembly 25a and promoted beam assembly 25b move up and down.Control unit 29 specifically can for example pass through The realizations such as PLC can be realized modularly and correspond to the installation of alternating current generator 28.
Continue as shown in Figures 2 and 3, dynamical system may be mounted at the top supported by column 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d On portion's platform 27, top platform 27 may include crossbeam(Such as beam between column 23a and 23b, between column 23c and 23d Beam)And longeron(Such as the beam between column 23a and 23d, the beam between column 23b and 23c), the case where using chain drive Under, top lift chain 29a and 29b are respectively arranged on two longerons on top platform 27, wherein top lift chain 29a can It is transferred to the power for exporting alternating current generator 28 and promotes beam assembly 25a, beam assembly 25a is promoted in the height direction to drive It is moved up and down along column 23a and 23d, the power that alternating current generator 28 exports can be transferred to lifting beam group by top lift chain 29b Part 25b, to drive promotion beam assembly 25b to be moved up and down in the height direction along column 23b and 23c.
In one embodiment, it promotes beam assembly 25a and is driven with beam assembly 25b is promoted using the same alternating current generator 28 is synchronous It is dynamic, that is to say, that top lift chain 29a and 29b are synchronously driven by the same alternating current generator 28.In another alternative embodiment In, top lift chain 29a drives with 29b using different alternating current generators 28 is synchronous, such as two alternating currents being in synchronized control Machine 28.
Continue as shown in Figures 2 and 3, corresponding track, lifting beam group can be arranged on column 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d Part 25a and promotion beam assembly 25b can advance along respective track on column 23 respectively.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, vehicle lifting device 20 further includes the elevation carrection component 24 being mounted on column 23. Elevation carrection component 24 include mounted on column 23a and column 23d it is at least one on elevation carrection component measure 24a, It promotes the first current height value of beam assembly 25a for measuring in real time and is fed back to control unit 25(Such as Fig. 6 institutes Show);Elevation carrection component 24 further include mounted on column 23b and column 23c it is at least one on elevation carrection component measure 24b is used to measure the second current height value for promoting beam assembly 25b in real time and is fed back to the control unit 25 (As shown in Figure 6).
In view of the girder structure for promoting beam assembly 25a, by integrally Synchronous lifting or decline, in column 23a and column The elevation carrection to promoting beam assembly 25a can be realized in one of 23d one elevation carrection component 24 of upper setting, equally Ground can be realized in one of column 23b and column 23c one elevation carrection component 24 of upper setting to promoting beam assembly The elevation carrection of 25b.Certainly, as needed, corresponding elevation carrection component 24 can also be respectively provided on each column 25.
It should be noted that two elevation carrection components 24, such as elevation carrection component measure 24a and elevation carrection component 24b is measured, can be in diagonally to be mounted on different columns, such as the column of column 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d are installed respectively On 23a and column 23c, or respectively on the column 23b and column 23d of installation column 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d.In this way, two The height value that elevation carrection component 24 senses respectively best embodies the non-equilibrium property for the vehicle 200 being elevated.
Each elevation carrection component 24 can be mounted on volume corresponding column 23 and one end of corresponding promotion beam assembly 25 it Between.In one embodiment, as shown in figure 4, elevation carrection component 24 is realized by coded scale comprising be mounted on column 23 Ruler part 241 and the encoder 242 moved up and down with beam assembly 25 is promoted, during promotion or decline, encoder 242 can To detect to be promoted the shift amount of 25 relatively-stationary ruler part 241 of beam assembly, namely the first height value or the second height value are read, Also, the height value is sent to the comparison module 291 of control unit 29 as shown in Figure 5 in the form of feedback signal.Ruler part 241 be specially linear type ruler part, is installed in the height direction.
The control unit 29 of alternating current generator 28 can control lifting beam group by any one of elevation carrection component 24 The hoisting depth of part 25a and 25b control lifting process as example, in lifting process, it is assumed that based on promotion using control unit 29 The corresponding elevation carrection components of beam assembly 25a measure 24a to control hoisting depth, and control unit 29, which can be sent out, to be needed lifting beam The promotion of component 25a and 25b are to a certain predetermined altitude(The predetermined altitude can be that finally to need the height promoted can also be to carry The height at a certain moment of the process of liter)Instruction to alternating current generator 28, alternating current generator 28 passes through top lift chain based on the instruction 29a drivings synchronous with 29b promote beam assembly 25a and 25b and rise, meanwhile, elevation carrection component measures the current of 24a feedback measurements The first height value, the comparison module 291 of control unit 29 can by the first height value predetermined altitude corresponding with the instruction into Row compares, if the two has deviation, control unit 29 that can control execution unit(Such as alternating current generator 28)Keep it inclined towards eliminating The direction movement of difference, until deviation is substantially equal to zero or deviation is basically eliminated.It is thereby achieved that vehicle 900 The opposite of hoisting depth accurately controls.Especially when elevation carrection component 24 is coded scale, the height value of feedback will be more accurate Really, the accuracy of hoisting depth is more preferable.
It will be understood that in other embodiments, can also be based on promoting the corresponding elevation carrection component measurements of beam assembly 25b 24b controls hoisting depth.
It should be noted that, although elevation carrection component measures the height measured by 24a or elevation carrection component measurement 24b Value is fed back to control unit 29 to control hoisting depth, still, due to the deviation of motion, the inaccuracy of synchronism transmission Property the problems such as, may result in during promotion or decline, what is both promoted beam assembly 25a and promote beam assembly 25b is current It is highly not consistent, there may be the imbalance problem of vehicle 200.
It promoting or is declining the balance of process for detection vehicle 200, preventing 200 overbank of vehicle from leading to dangerous hair Raw, the elevation carrection component of elevation carrection component 24, which measures the second height value that 24b is measured, to be used as elevation carrection component to survey Measure the altitude feedback signal for the first height value that 24a is measured, that is to say, that corresponding the second height value for promoting beam assembly 25b is made For the feedback signal of corresponding the first height value for promoting beam assembly 25a.In another embodiment, the height of elevation carrection component 24 Measuring part measures the first height value that 24a is measured can be as the second height value that elevation carrection component measurement 24b is measured Altitude feedback signal, that is to say, that corresponding the first height value for promoting beam assembly 25a promotes the of beam assembly 25b as corresponding The feedback signal of two height values.Elevation carrection component measures 24a measurements and the measurement 24b measurements of elevation carrection component can phase interaction For the feedback detection part of other side.
As shown in figure 5, elevation carrection component measures, 24a is measured and elevation carrection component measures the same of 24b measurements for continuation First height value and the second height value at moment are fed back to the comparison module 291 of control unit 29, comparison module 291 be used for than Compared with the first height value and the second height value to determine the difference between them;Further, it is additionally provided with inclination in control unit 29 Determining module 292, tilt determining module 292 be used for the difference be greater than or equal to tolerance in the case of determine promoted or Vehicle 200 has occurred and that inclination during decline.Wherein, which can be arranged in advance, for example, by manually Setting, tolerance reflection require the balance of vehicle 200 during being promoted or being declined, and the specific size of tolerance is not limitation Property.In this way, control unit 29 can monitor in real time promotion or decline during vehicle 200 whether run-off the straight, favorably The risk in electric process is changed in timely strick precaution.
In one embodiment, control unit 29 is additionally configured to determining that the when of having occurred and that inclination sends out instruction triggers exchange Motor 28 carries out band-type brake action, illustratively, determines that control unit 29 is sent out when having occurred and that inclination tilting determining module 292 Band-type brake instructs, and alternating current generator 28 correspondingly carries out band-type brake action in time, stops or stop output power.
Continue as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, in one embodiment, to be additionally provided in vehicle lifting device 20 positioned at 23 He of column Anti-falling mechanism 26 between corresponding one end for promoting beam assembly 25, anti-falling mechanism 26 can by controlling execute fall arrest Action, to avoid the vehicle being elevated 200 from falling, effectively improves safety.
In one embodiment, control unit 29 is additionally configured to determining that it is anti-fall that the when of having occurred and that inclination sends out instruction triggers It falls mechanism 26 and carries out fall arrest action, illustratively, when the inclination determination of determining module 292 has occurred and that inclination, control unit 29 Fall arrest instruction is sent out, anti-falling mechanism 26 correspondingly carries out fall arrest action in time, stops or stop promotion/decline process.
It will be understood that control unit 29 is determining that the when of having occurred and that inclination can be simultaneously emitted by above-mentioned band-type brake instruction and fall arrest Instruction is carried out at the same time band-type brake and fall arrest action, safety is effectively ensured.
In one embodiment, as shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, Fig. 8, anti-falling mechanism 26 includes pedestal 261, which can be with It is fixedly mounted on the one end for promoting beam assembly 25, and can be moved up and down with beam assembly 25 is promoted.Promoting beam assembly 25 when being elevated, and top lift chain 29 is that suspended chain 262 acts together, by suspended chain 262 with moving base 261 along column 23 It moves up and down.
Specifically, anti-falling mechanism 26 further includes the ratchet for being opposite in pedestal 261 and being arranged being arranged on column 23 231, corresponding ratchet 231 is provided with pawl 263, and pawl 263 is mounted on by axis 264 on pedestal 261, and pawl 263 can be around axis 264 rotations.In normal state, suspended chain 262 is connected to the upper end of pawl 263, and pawl 263 is made to be in lifting state, namely Original state as shown in Figure 7 does not influence the upper and lower of pedestal 261 at this point, the lower end of pawl 263 is separated with ratchet 231 It is mobile, while the back side of the lower end of pawl 263 is correspondingly arranged on elastomeric element 266, original state as shown in Figure 7 be by Pawl 263 presses on pedestal 261.
If the chain breakage that process is driven is promoted or declines, for example, suspended chain 262 is broken, as shown in figure 8, spine Pawl 263 will be disengaged from suspended chain 262 and opposite suspended chain 262 is in free state, namely not lifted by suspended chain 262, in this way, spine The lower end of pawl 263 is made direction as shown in Figure 8 around axis 264 under the elastic force effect of elastomeric element 266 and is rotated, and pawl 263 is stuck in Ratchet 231 prevents vehicle 200 from falling to which the promotion beam assembly 25 for preventing pedestal 261 and its being fixedly connected falls downwards Accident.
In one embodiment, as shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, Fig. 8, pawl 269, pawl 269 can also be arranged in corresponding ratchet 231 It is mounted on pedestal 261 by axis 268, pawl 269 can be rotated around axis 268.Corresponding to pawl 269 lower end and ratchet 231 opposite one sides(That is the back side)On, it is provided with Electromagnetically actuated component 267, Electromagnetically actuated component 267 can be fixedly mounted on base On seat 261, output shaft and the back side of the lower end of pawl 269 offset.In normal state, as shown in fig. 7, Electromagnetically actuated component 267 output shaft is shunk, and the lower end of pawl 269 is separated with ratchet 231, does not influence moving up and down for pedestal 261.
Electromagnetically actuated component 267 can be coupled with control unit 29 as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, and be connect from control unit 29 Fall arrest instruction is received, when receiving fall arrest instruction, Electromagnetically actuated component 267 drives output shaft to stretch out, as shown in figure 8, The lower end of pawl 269 is pushed to be rotated towards ratchet 231, pawl 269 is stuck in ratchet 231, to prevent pedestal 261 and its fixed company The promotion beam assembly 25 connect is moved relative to column 23, while preventing vehicle 200 from continuing to be raised or lowered, prevents vehicle 200 Falling accident occurs because of inclination.
It is to be appreciated that Electromagnetically actuated component 267 may also receive from the fall arrest instruction of other component, and pass through Electromagnetically actuated component 267 and pawl 269 execute fall arrest action like above.
Illustratively, it is that personnel is forbidden to enter the areas Huan electricity in moving electric process certainly to realize the security protection for changing electric process Domain.Therefore, in the surrounding of vehicle lifting device 20(Such as on column 23 or side)Setting protection grating(It is not shown in figure), such as Fruit has personnel to enter to change electric region, will be arrived by protection Grating examinations first, and protection grating, which is triggered, to be sent out fall arrest and instruct to electricity Mangneto dynamic component 267, can be with locking pedestal 261 and its lifting beam being fixedly connected with pawl 269 by Electromagnetically actuated component 267 Component 25 avoids personnel from entering initiation safety accident.
Therefore, vehicle lifting device 20 is further improved in the safety for changing electric process.
Illustrate the vehicle of the utility model above example to change electrically operated process as example in conjunction with Fig. 9 further below The control method of lifting device 20.
First, step S81 powers on the dynamical systems such as alternating current generator 28.
Further, step S82, electrical changing station system(Including vehicle lifting device)Self-test, and prepare in place.
Further, step S83 carries out the parameter setting such as tolerance.
Further, step S84 is promoted and is started.At this point, indicating that enhancing action is already prepared to.
Further, the motor 28 of step S851, dynamical system declutch.Corresponding to the step, can select to walk as needed Rapid S852, step S853 and step S854 open corresponding security function.For example, step S852, height detection and feedback are opened It opens, elevation carrection component 24 prepares in place;Further for example, step S853, anti-falling function is opened, anti-falling mechanism 26(Such as electricity Mangneto dynamic component 267)Prepare in place;Further for example, step S854, security protection is opened, and protection grating prepares in place.
Further, step S85, under the control of control module 29, alternating current generator 28 exports power and carries out enhancing action. In the lifting process, hoisting depth can be controlled by any one of elevation carrection component 24, to controlling promotion precision Or accuracy.
In one embodiment, in this step, since height detection and feedback are opened, elevation carrection component 24a and 24b meeting It detects the first height value and the second height value respectively in real time, and they is fed back into control unit 29.
In one embodiment, in this step, since security protection is opened, protection grating also detects and feeds back phase in real time The data answered or instruction.
Further, step S87, the first height value and the elevation carrection component 24b for comparing height measuring part 24a feedbacks are anti- Second height value of feedback, determines the difference between them, and judges whether the difference is greater than or equal to tolerance.
In the case where being judged as "No", show that it is strictly synchronously to carry to promote beam assembly 25a and promote beam assembly 25b It rises, 200 non-run-off the straight of vehicle, keeps enhancing action, until step S92, reach hoisting depth.
In the case where being judged as "Yes", show to promote beam assembly 25a and promote beam assembly 25b to be currently not synchronously It is promoted, 200 run-off the straight of vehicle;On the one hand, band-type brake instruction can be sent out by control unit 29, carry out embracing for alternating current generator 28 Lock acts, i.e. step S89, on the other hand, fall arrest instruction can be sent out by control unit 29, carries out fall arrest action, i.e., Step S90, for example, driving Electromagnetically actuated component 267 that output shaft is driven to stretch out, as shown in figure 8, pushing the lower end court of pawl 269 It is rotated to ratchet 231, pawl 269 is stuck in ratchet 231,25 phase of promotion beam assembly to prevent pedestal 261 and its be fixedly connected Column 23 moves, and vehicle 200 is prevented to continue to be elevated.
In one embodiment, step S88 is also executed while executing step S87, judges to protect whether grating acts.
In the case where being judged as "No", shows that nobody enters during enhancing action and change electric region, can keep Enhancing action reaches hoisting depth until step S92.
In the case where being judged as "Yes", it can be instructed by protecting grating etc. to send out fall arrest, carry out fall arrest action, That is step S90, for example, driving Electromagnetically actuated component 267 that output shaft is driven to stretch out, as shown in figure 8, pushing the lower end of pawl 269 It is rotated towards ratchet 231, pawl 269 is stuck in ratchet 231, to the promotion beam assembly 25 for preventing pedestal 261 and its being fixedly connected It is moved relative to column 23, vehicle 200 is prevented to continue to be elevated.
In one embodiment, in the case that step S87 and step S88 is judged as "Yes", it can alarm, that is, walk Rapid S91, to facilitate staff to know in time and in response to the alarm operate or act accordingly.
After step S92, band-type brake, i.e. step S93 can be carried out to alternating current generator 28, and carry out fall arrest action, That is step S94 executes relevant action and completes to be promoted, is i.e. step in this way, vehicle 200 is safely promoted to corresponding height S95, at this point it is possible to carry out dynamic battery changing operation by battery changing trolley 15.
After for example completing dynamic battery changing operation, S96 can be entered step, that is, declines starting step.It needs to illustrate , decline process and lifting process are opposite processes, but the same or like method of lifting process may be used, To ensure the safety of decline process, for example, similarly executing step S87 to S95, this is no longer going to repeat them.
It should be noted that some block diagrams shown in Fig. 5 are functional entitys, not necessarily must with physically or logically Independent entity is corresponding.Software form may be used to realize these functional entitys, or in one or more hardware modules Or these functional entitys are realized in integrated circuit, or in heterogeneous networks and/or processor device and/or microcontroller device Realize these functional entitys.
Example above primarily illustrate the utility model vehicle lifting device and its control method and use the vehicle The electrical changing station of lifting device.Although only the embodiment of some of the utility model is described, this field is general Logical technical staff is it is to be appreciated that the utility model can implemented in range in the form of many other without departing from its spirit. Therefore, the example shown is considered as illustrative and not restrictive with embodiment, is wanted not departing from appended each right such as In the case of the spirit of the present invention and range defined in asking, the utility model may cover various modification and replacement.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of vehicle lifting device for electrical changing station comprising:
First group of column and second group of column,
Between first group of column and can relatively described first group of column move up and down in the height direction first Beam assembly is promoted,
Between second group of column and can relatively described second group of column move up and down in the height direction second Beam assembly is promoted, and
Alternating current generator and its control unit for driving the first promotion beam assembly and the second promotion beam assembly to move up and down;
Wherein, the both sides for the vehicle being elevated are placed in described first and promote beam assembly respectively(25a)Beam assembly is promoted with second On;
It is characterized in that, further including:
The first elevation carrection component at least one column of first group of column, is used to measure institute in real time It states the first current height value of the first promotion beam assembly and is fed back to the control unit;With
The second elevation carrection component at least one column of second group of column, is used to measure institute in real time It states the second current height value of the second promotion beam assembly and is fed back to the control unit.
2. vehicle lifting device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the control unit includes:
Comparison module is used for the first height value and second elevation carrection that the first elevation carrection component described in comparison is fed back Second height value of component feedback is to determine the difference between them;With
Determining module is tilted, be used to determine in the case where the difference is greater than or equal to tolerance in promotion or declines process Described in vehicle have occurred and that inclination.
3. vehicle lifting device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the control unit is additionally configured to true Alternating current generator described in instruction triggers is sent out when having occurred and that inclination surely carries out band-type brake and/or triggering anti-falling mechanism progress fall arrest Action.
4. vehicle lifting device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that correspond to the anti-falling mechanism in the column The ratchet of upper setting;Also, the anti-falling mechanism includes:
Pedestal, can the relatively described column move up and down in the height direction;
First pawl is mounted on the pedestal and can be rotated relative to first axle by first axle;And
Electromagnetically actuated component, be fixedly mounted on the pedestal and its output shaft and first pawl it is opposite in described Ratchet offsets on one side.
5. vehicle lifting device as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the Electromagnetically actuated component is receiving fall arrest Its output shaft is driven to stretch out when instruction, to push the lower end of first pawl to be rotated towards the ratchet, until described the One pawl is stuck in the ratchet.
6. vehicle lifting device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include setting in the column and corresponding the One promotes the anti-falling mechanism before beam assembly or the second promotion beam assembly, corresponds to the anti-falling mechanism on the column The ratchet of setting;Also, the anti-falling mechanism includes:
Pedestal, can the relatively described column move up and down in the height direction;
Second pawl is mounted on the pedestal by the second axis and the second shaft rotation can be moved relatively, also, described second The upper end of pawl is lifted by suspended chain in normal state;And
Elastomeric element is mounted on the pedestal and can export bounce in normal state to second pawl Lower end it is opposite in the one side of the ratchet.
7. vehicle lifting device as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that in the abnormal condition of suspended chain fracture Under, the bounce of the elastomeric element pushes the lower end of second pawl to be rotated towards the ratchet, until second spine Pawl is stuck in the ratchet.
8. vehicle lifting device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first elevation carrection component and described second Any one of elevation carrection component is used to control the described first promotion for promoting beam assembly and the second promotion beam assembly Or falling head.
9. vehicle lifting device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include for detecting whether described in someone's entrance Protection grating in vehicle lifting device.
10. vehicle lifting device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first elevation carrection component and described Two elevation carrection components are coded scale.
11. a kind of electrical changing station, which is characterized in that include the vehicle lifting device as described in any in claims 1 to 10.
CN201721455750.3U 2017-11-03 2017-11-03 For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station Active CN207811165U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721455750.3U CN207811165U (en) 2017-11-03 2017-11-03 For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721455750.3U CN207811165U (en) 2017-11-03 2017-11-03 For electrical changing station vehicle lifting device and use its electrical changing station

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109502504A (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-03-22 蔚来汽车有限公司 Vehicle lifting device and its control method for electrical changing station
CN109823985A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-05-31 青岛欧轩机械有限公司 A kind of intelligent protection formula lifting machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109502504A (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-03-22 蔚来汽车有限公司 Vehicle lifting device and its control method for electrical changing station
CN109823985A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-05-31 青岛欧轩机械有限公司 A kind of intelligent protection formula lifting machine

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