CN207758590U - A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship - Google Patents

A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN207758590U
CN207758590U CN201721756665.0U CN201721756665U CN207758590U CN 207758590 U CN207758590 U CN 207758590U CN 201721756665 U CN201721756665 U CN 201721756665U CN 207758590 U CN207758590 U CN 207758590U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
connection box
power supply
unit
electric ship
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201721756665.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙刚
付银河
张春光
郭杜演
欧阳兴东
何楚峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Development Of Guangzhou New Energy Co Ltd Ruihua Electric Ship
Guangzhou Development Energy Logistics Group Co Ltd
Guangzhou Development Fuel Port Co Ltd
Guangzhou Development Group Inc
Original Assignee
Development Of Guangzhou New Energy Co Ltd Ruihua Electric Ship
Guangzhou Development Energy Logistics Group Co Ltd
Guangzhou Development Fuel Port Co Ltd
Guangzhou Development Group Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Development Of Guangzhou New Energy Co Ltd Ruihua Electric Ship, Guangzhou Development Energy Logistics Group Co Ltd, Guangzhou Development Fuel Port Co Ltd, Guangzhou Development Group Inc filed Critical Development Of Guangzhou New Energy Co Ltd Ruihua Electric Ship
Priority to CN201721756665.0U priority Critical patent/CN207758590U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207758590U publication Critical patent/CN207758590U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

This patent is related to a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship, shore connection box and charging gun module are concentrated including charging station, outdoor integral type, the charging station concentrates shore connection box and charging gun module to provide AC and DC power supply to outdoor integral type, outdoor integral type concentrates shore connection box for collecting harbour bank base AC and DC power supply, it concentrates and charges or power to ship, and monitor charging or power supply state, charging gun module is used to concentrate shore connection box to dock with large-scale pure electric vehicle ship integral type, and is carried out at the same time Alternating Current Power Supply and DC charging.Using the composite type charging system, the transmission pressure radical of equal transport power DC transmission line of electricity needs is few, resistance heating and electric energy loss are small, reactive loss without induction reactance and capacitive reactance, the reduction of transmission unit loss considerably increases transimission power, improves the energy-saving effect in power transmission.

Description

A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship
Technical field
This patent is related to ship field of new energy technologies, and in particular to a kind of composite type Charging of inland river Large Electric ship System.
Background technology
Electric ship is as a kind of novel ocean or river means of transport, with the saving energy, peace and quiet and will not pollute The advantages that water body, will be widely used in future.Existing electric ship is substantially transformed on existing hull, Actuating unit is transformed into electronic or mixed dynamic structure, but majority is using motor as auxiliary power, such as ship time on the berth is special It is finely adjusted section hull with electric drive system.The ship of pure electric vehicle concentrates in small boat, such as speedboat etc.
Currently, have the large-scale pure electric vehicle ship that enterprise starts research and development construction inland river kiloton or more, and existing harbour code Head is limited by the condition of layout before, merely by way of the exchange shore connection box for being arranged in bank, it is difficult to this The Large Electric ship of rank provides large capacity, remote rechargeable electrical energy.Simultaneously as being often disposed with other dresses along bank base It unloads, lift by crane or transloading equipment facility, real surplus and available space and area are limited, cannot be satisfied in electric ship berth The occupation of land scale of construction requirement of large capacity charging station and its charging equipment is arranged at bank base side scene nearby, on the spot.
The power supply of existing exchange bank electricity and direct-current charging post technology there are the shortcomings that and deficiency:1) power-type of Alternating Current Power Supply It makes single, three-phase three-wire system alternating current or AC frequency conversion power supply is only provided;2) the applicable ship type of Alternating Current Power Supply and use scope are narrow, Only as diesel powered ship pull in shore time commonly use electricity substitute electric power;3) power that can provide of exchange shore connection box compared with It is small, it is suitable for the occasion no more than the exchange electricity consumption of 500kW capacity more;4) direct-current charging post to charge at present applied to electric vehicle It is mostly made of precise electronic component, degree of protection is generally IP54, it is difficult to meet the resistance to of port and pier scene outdoor arrangement IP56 or more the technical conditions that moist, saline and alkaline weather and waterproof and dustproof require, and the technology degree of protection of charging pile is improved merely Being multiplied for unit construction cost can be brought again, and the charging pile of the required scale amounts of large-scale charging station is by harbour scene The many restrictions of condition, often can not mounting arrangements in batch.Therefore, at present on the market conventional electric automobile charging pile from setting It is standby itself, in addition to the barrier propterty of its own not exclusively meets the technical conditions used under the round-the-clock operating mode in outdoor, from thousand Tonne or more Large Electric ship need bank base provide charging capacity in, old-fashioned port and pier existence conditions also do not have water front Live extensive, mounting arrangements electrically-charging equipment in batch environmental condition.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the defect in the conditionality and conveying power technology of existing port and pier, this patent to provide a kind of energy Enough large-scale charging systems that DC charging and Alternating Current Power Supply are carried out to the above electric ship of kiloton, provide it is a full set of it is complete, cut Real feasible technical solution.
In view of the above technical problems, this patent is solved in this way:
A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship, including charging station, outdoor integral type concentrate shore connection box with And charging gun module, the charging station concentrates shore connection box and charging gun module to provide AC and DC power supply to outdoor integral type, outdoor Integral type concentrates shore connection box for collecting harbour bank base AC and DC power supply, concentrates and charges or power to ship, and monitor charging or Power supply state, charging gun module is used to concentrate shore connection box to dock with large-scale pure electric vehicle ship integral type, and is carried out at the same time exchange and supplies Electricity and DC charging.
The charging station uses the arrangement far from harbour bank base forward position, and the distribution as rear charging energy resource supply is flat Platform, by the connection of " power+control+communication the is three-in-one " power transmission cable specially researched and developed, through centralized shore connection box respectively to straight Current charge rifle module provides direct current, AC power with plug-in rifle module is exchanged.
Compared to existing exchange shore connection box and direct-current charging post, the charging station of this patent need not can consider harbour code completely The limitation of the bank base arrangement condition at head scene, multigroup DC charging unit and Alternating Current Power Supply unit make full use of harbour rear vacant Site Design is arranged in interior, charging, the arrangement quantity of power supply unit equipment and capacity can popularization it is unrestricted, it is thousand to make it Tonne large-scale pure electric vehicle ship provides the powerful electric energy of 1200kW and is possibly realized.Meanwhile the charging station described in this patent is not only Electric ship provides AC power, and AC power is converted to multi-channel dc power supply, electric ship charging is supplied to use, Solve to realize bank electricity direct current 1000kW or more is high-power, long distance power transmission purpose simultaneously, reduce electric energy transmission process itself damage Consumption.Because direct current transportation is few relative to AC transmission wire radical, resistance heating loss is small, without the idle damage of induction reactance and capacitive reactance Consumption, operation electric energy loss is small, and the reduction of specific loss considerably increases transimission power, can be the above electric ship conveying of kiloton The DC charging power of 1000kW or more is provided, the energy-saving effect as power transmission can be used as through the with the obvious advantage of public opinion Large Electric ship carries out the preferred Transmission Mode of high power DC charging.
The outdoor centralized shore connection box is as the core for providing multichannel AC power supply and multi-channel dc power supply to electric ship Heart critical core output terminal mouth plays electric energy convergence and ground transitional function of forming a connecting link in power Transmission link, connects up integral type DC charging unit and Alternating Current Power Supply unit connect downwards DC charging rifle module and are filled with plug-in rifle module, responsible direct current is exchanged Acquisition, feedback and the condition monitoring of the electrical quantity and non-electric charge quantity signalling of electrical circuit and ac power supply circuit, including to DC charging The offer electronic lock working power of rifle, the temperature for detecting electronic lock lockup state and DC charging rifle (positive and negative electrode) contact.It concentrates Formula shore connection box includes working power input terminal, multigroup DC charging control unit, current divider, D.C. contactor, exchange control list Member, A.C. contactor, CAN communication photoelectric conversion module, scram button and indicator light.Compared to it is existing in charging station to charging gun The mode of locking monitoring and contact temperature detection is carried out, this patent is by the charge control module in centralized shore connection box to charging Rifle carries out locking control, solves charging gun because the long pressure drop of circuit greatly can not locking, lockup state detection jitter, temperature Detect the technical barrier of signal decaying.
Further, the charging station includes Alternating Current Power Supply unit, DC charging unit, fire police monitoring unit, shines Bright and HVAC facility, charging station are used as the comprehensive platform of electric ship electric energy supply, using the postposition far from electric ship water front berth Arrangement fully achieves unattended mode operation after power transmission;
Before being realized using fiber medium and CAN bus stipulations between the rear charging station and outdoor centralized shore connection box, 2000 meters or more of telecommunication between the cascade device of rear end, the outdoor centralized shore connection box are filled with charging gun module and electric ship 15 meters of low coverage short range communications are realized using data cable mode between electric mortiser seat-box.
Fibre Optical Communication Technology can ensure to the maximum extent decaying of the data-signal in transmission process it is minimum, substantially without doing It disturbs, the transmitting of information data can be effectively ensured.Because being restricted by harbour face arrangement condition, charging station and centralized bank electricity Case is difficult centralized arrangement in same place or similar place, and often farther out, data-signal needs remote transmission to standoff distance, Signal transmission distance using routine data cable is limited (being not more than 200m), especially in transmission DC charging rifle temperature detection Numerical reduction is larger when analog signals, cannot accurately reflect detected target real work situation, this project is using more in addition Frame lays the mode transmitted electricity to road alternating current-direct current cable altogether simultaneously, inevitably there is electromagnetism and harmonic wave interference, directly affects number The stability of word signal transmission.Through experiment test, 200m distances are communicated using dedicated CAN data cables mode, are not being reduced The handshake communication success rate that charges under the premise of traffic rate 250kb/s is only 10%, the electricity transmitted using dedicated cable run Pressing mold analog quantity pad value reaches 30%, it is necessary to the technical issues of taking effective means to solve telecommunication and data transmission, Therefore become preferred and inevitable using Fibre Optical Communication Technology.
Further, the DC charging unit includes more integral type DC charging motors and charging host computer, and being used for will Three-phase three-wire system alternating current is converted to direct current electricity output to the outdoor centralized shore connection box of subordinate;
The charging station includes multiple DC charging units and Alternating Current Power Supply unit, and DC charging unit includes multiple direct currents Integrated charger, direct current integrated formula charger is by alternating current input unit, rectification charging unit and DC output end, exchange Electrical input is electric for interface input AC and completes the acquisition of voltage, electric current and electrical power signal, and rectification charging module is used for The AC rectification of input is converted into direct current, DC output end is for DC output interface to outdoor centralized shore connection box And complete the acquisition of proximal end direct current tolerance signal.It is actually needed by electric object according to charging, DC charging motor exports straight Current charge electric current is linearly adjustable in 0~200A ranges, and DC charging voltage is linearly adjustable in 250~750V ranges.More direct currents Charger means flexibly select output single channel or multi-channel dc power supply, under conditions of the general assembly acc power that charges is certain, peace Full property and operability higher, while the charging voltage exported, the big ditty of electric current are required to response electric ship by charger Section, keeps the applicability that it charges to various types ship wider.
Further, the Alternating Current Power Supply unit includes charging main transformer, isolation controls transformer, low pressure drawer-type is opened Cabinet and UPS uninterruptible power supplies are closed, for distributing the three-phase alternating current, the single-phase control power supply that provide DC charging unit and electric ship And uninterrupted single phase poaer supply;
Alternating Current Power Supply unit includes between charging main transformer, isolation control transformer, low pressure drawer-type switch cabinet, UPS not Power-off source and dual-power transfer switch, for the decompression of port and pier alternating current 10kV or station service 6kV and to DC charging unit With the power supply and distribution of electric ship three are all made of between the main transformer low-pressure side that charges and main outlet switch cabinet and each branch switch cabinet The main copper bus-bar perforation connection of three-phase three-wire system, the equal separate configurations frame air switch of each transmission line circuit of every low-tension switch cabinet or plastic housing The breaking-closing operating of air switch and low pressure measuring and controlling protective device, switch can be both manually operated by button on the spot, also may be used To be realized by remote control host computer.Under fault condition, (failure measured is electrical by low pressure measuring and controlling protective device for each switch Measure signal) Relay Protection Unit automatic driving switch tripping, meanwhile, which passes through in RS485 communication port Pass real-time electrical quantity signal, protection signal and the plant failure signal etc. of acquisition.
Further, the fire police monitoring unit includes indoor fire-fighting fire alarm host, host computer, cigarette sense, warming biography Sensor, broken glass alarm button, audible-visual annunciator, fire alarm input/output module, temperature sensing optical fiber host, temperature sensing optical fiber and temperature-sensitive letter Number output relay unit, fire alarm host is for detecting inside entire charging station of alarming and its external input, output cable channel Cigarette sense and warming signal, and fire alarm synchronized upload will be detected to charging station fire alarm host computer and distant place center fire alarm master Machine realizes global synchronization monitoring equipment alarm response;
It includes alternating current-direct current control unit, alternating current-direct current output unit, DC charging control that the open air integral type, which concentrates shore connection box, Molding block, DC charging rifle module and its connecting cable circuit, exchange plug-in rifle module and its connection cables etc., for concentrate to Electric ship provides AC DC electric and monitors charging or power supply state;
Data information and control signal between the charging station and integral type concentration shore connection box pass through fiber optic communication mode It realizes;Integral type concentrates the communication between shore connection box and electric ship battery management system BMS to be filled using special integral type direct current The mode of communication cable core in electrical cables is realized;The divide-shut brake control signal of exchange bank electricity passes through special " two-in-one " electric power Control conductor in cable is realized;
The integral type DC charging motor includes alternating current input unit, rectification charging unit and DC output end, AC input includes alternating current air switch, lightning protection device, exchange collecting unit and AC energy meter, for being exchanged with upper level Power supply unit docks input AC electricity, and rectification charging module is used to the alternating current of input being converted to direct current, direct current electricity output End includes direct current collecting unit and direct current energy meter, for exporting direct current and concentrating shore connection box pair with next stage open air integral type It connects;
The direct current integrated formula charger further includes multiple single machine monitoring units and a backstage charging host computer, single machine prison Control unit includes monitor and card reader, is responsible for receiving alternating current-direct current collecting unit, alternating current-direct current electric energy meter and card reader input signal, Input acquisition signal concentration is uploaded to backstage charging host computer and preserves and output control signals to charging panel, opens charging Output mode;Wherein, the unlatching of single machine charge mode both can by the long-range enabling signal one-key start sent on electric ship, The card reader " one-to-one " on cabinet that can also be charged by separate unit on the spot is respectively started, in addition it can by the charging of backstage Position machine is individually or whole group starts simultaneously;
The charging station further includes monitoring unit, and monitoring unit includes a backstage charging host computer and the charging of multiple monomers Machine monitoring unit, charging host computer, which is responsible for concentrating, receives each monomer charger monitoring unit, low pressure measuring and controlling protective device and fire-fighting The real time data and alarm signal that fire alarm host uploads, complete online overview and real-time monitoring and control.Single charger monitoring unit Including monitor and card reader, it is responsible for receiving alternating current-direct current collecting unit, alternating current-direct current electric energy meter and card reader input signal, will acquires Input signal concentration is uploaded to backstage charging host computer and preserves and output control signals to charging panel, by manually swiping the card or Remote button mode opens single machine or whole group charging output mode.
On monomer charger monitor can to alternating-current watt-hour meter, exchange acquisition module and the collected voltage of card reader, Electric current, power, people's data of swiping the card and preset charge data are analyzed and are shown, convenient for personnel to charge initiation response, process State is understood and carries out intervening control and early warning, and not only operation is visual strong, but also the host computer that charges charges as monomer The standby monitoring device of machine monitor, reliability higher.
Further, the rectification charging unit of the direct current integrated formula charger includes multigroup charging module, for receiving The alternating current of input, is converted to the converting means of direct current by the input control signal of front end centralization shore connection box charge control module It sets;
The rectification charging unit of the direct current integrated formula charger includes multigroup using parallel way input, the charging of output Module, every group of charging module uniformly correspond to the feedback that receiving front-end centralization shore connection box charge control module is sent out and control letter Number, the alternating current of input is converted into direct current.
Further, the charging gun module include the multiple DC charging rifles specially researched and developed, exchange plug-in rifle and its specially With connecting cable, the charging station is separately connected multiple DC charging rifles by centralized shore connection box and exchanges plug-in rifle, respectively It is docked with the AC and DC socket on electric ship, can be the AC and DC power supply that Large Electric ship provides multichannel large capacity simultaneously;
The centralization shore connection box further includes multiple DC charging control modules of corresponding multiple DC charging units, and every A DC charging control module is used to provide the working power of DC charging rifle electronic lock and detects electronic lock lockup state and straight The temperature of current charge rifle positive and negative electrode contact;
The DC charging rifle module includes multiple DC charging rifles and its charging connection cable, the exchange plug-in rifle mould Block includes multiple exchange plug-in rifles and its power supply connecting cable, and the charging station is separately connected multiple straight by centralized shore connection box Current charge rifle with exchange plug-in rifle, can be that Large Electric ship provide the multichannel AC and DC power supply of large capacity simultaneously.
Multiple DC charging rifles are capable of providing multi-channel DC charge power supply, and every road power supply is independent of one another, is independent of each other.
This patent has the beneficial effect that:
(1) compared to existing conventional AC shore connection box powering mode, the charging station system solution of this patent is not only Alternating current needed for common kiloton ship can be provided, and AC power is converted into DC power supply, while large-scale pure electricity being provided The DC charging power supply of 1000kW or more power needed for dynamic ship.And because of direct current transportation relative to AC transmission wire root Number is few, and resistance heating loss is small, and without the reactive loss of induction reactance and capacitive reactance, operation electric energy loss is small, and the reduction of specific loss is big Transimission power is increased greatly, the energy-saving effect of power transmission is apparent, can be used as Large Electric ship and carries out high power DC charging Preferred Transmission Mode.
(2) arrangement for using the outdoor centralized shore connection box in front end to be detached with rear end synthesis charging station, passes through centralization Shore connection box collects the direct current output terminal of the multiple DC charging motors of rear end charging station or charging pile, is effectively solved with minimum space Existing port and pier of having determined face to fill the restriction of power supply unit, the facility arrangement scale of construction, directly enhance the DC charging of charging station The general assembly acc power of transmission of electricity has the application value of reality.
(3) optical fiber side is used between the DC charging unit of rear charging station and the charging control unit of centralized shore connection box Formula carries out communication interaction, reliably ensure that stability, the anti-interference of front and back ends remote data communication interaction.
(4) multiple charging guns, plug-in rifle module are capable of providing single channel or multi-channel DC charge power supply and AC power, direct current Charging and the selection of ac power supply circuit and power supply are flexible and convenient, safety is independent, are independent of each other, it is convenient to inland river kiloton Above Large Electric ship and other types of ship are charged, are powered.
(5) multiple charging control units arrange centralized shore connection box at the scene, and each charging control unit is by corresponding CAN data cable cores in the charging cable of DC charging rifle, charging socket and its institute's band are realized and electric ship battery management The netting of BMS systems, and be responsible for start and stop and monitor entire DC charging process, the flexibility efficiently solved between ship-to-shore electricity connects Connect with short distance data communication problem, have Demonstration And Extension value.
(6) DC charging control unit and its charging module have the DC voltage and electric current of linear regulation output on demand The ability of size, adjustable extent is wide, applicability is stronger.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the composition block schematic illustration of this patent system.
Fig. 2 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of this patent system.
Fig. 3 is the charging station mounting arrangements schematic diagram of this patent system.
Fig. 4 is the DC charging motor wiring schematic diagram of this patent system.
Fig. 5 is the DC charging control unit wiring schematic diagram of this patent system.
Fig. 6 is the charging station of this patent system and the wiring schematic diagram that exchanges plug-in rifle module.
Specific implementation mode
This patent is described in detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
By Fig. 1, a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship, including comprehensive charging station, outdoor centralized bank Electronic box and DC charging rifle module with to exchange plug-in rifle module, the comprehensive charging station include DC charging unit, Alternating Current Power Supply Unit and related mating auxiliary equipment, it includes DC charging control unit, Alternating Current Power Supply that the open air integral type, which concentrates shore connection box, Control unit, the DC charging rifle module, exchange plug-in rifle module include multigroup DC charging rifle, exchange plug-in rifle and its specially Use connecting cable.The charging station provides multichannel AC and DC power supply to the concentration shore connection box at harbour bank scene, concentrates shore connection box It is connected with multigroup DC charging rifle and exchanges plug-in rifle, the conveying through ship equipment on cable acts, by manual operation direct current on ship The all fronts that charging gun and exchange plug-in rifle carry out electric loop with the charging socket of Large Electric ship are docked, the art of this patent scheme With the ability for providing multi-path large power DC charging and Alternating Current Power Supply simultaneously for Large Electric ship.Centralized shore connection box is used simultaneously In monitoring charging and the state of power supply overall process.
There are two types of hollow arrow in Fig. 1, the hollow arrow in top indicates transmission direct current, the hollow arrow being below Head indicates transmission alternating current;Dotted line indicates to be wirelessly connected.
By Fig. 2 and 3, the DC charging unit of the composite type charging station of this patent, the capital equipment of Alternating Current Power Supply unit with Front-end power interface concentrates shore connection box to be arranged using separate design mode, designs to have developed specifically for property and can be used for interior The comprehensive charging station of compact of arrangement and outdoor AC/DC integrated formula concentrate shore connection box, compared to existing harbour, harbour scene The system architecture and arrangement form at the AC charging station peculiar to vessel or exchange shore connection box that use, system wiring simple economy, comprehensive effect It can higher.Applicable surface is wider, can both face the alternating current-direct current charging that large, medium and small type electric ship provides multichannel large capacity simultaneously, also may be used It faces to come the old-fashioned power ship that port is pulled in shore and single green exchange bank electricity is provided, and System Expansion upgrading is more convenient flexible, has Wide application prospect.Comprehensive charging station design arrangement builds room in the special power distribution room in plant area rear far from wharf apron Interior, AC/DC integrated formula concentrates shore connection box to be then arranged in wharf apron bank, and volume and floor space are smaller, to port and pier The movement and production operation of loading mechanization without influence, fit entirely into in-site installation arrangement substantially.This use fills power supply unit The technical solution and layout pattern that, arrangement integrated respectively with power supply output unit detaches successfully solve scene charging, power supply list A large amount of capital equipments of member, the arrangement of facility are by the contradiction that site space limit or environmental condition constrains, and by AC power Switch to DC power supply for transmission of electricity, has more energy-saving clear superiority compared to ac transmission power supply mode.Because direct current is defeated Electricity operation electric energy loss is small, and conducting wire radical is few, and resistance heating loss is small, without the reactive loss of induction reactance and capacitive reactance, greatly increases Transimission power can be the above electric ship charging of kiloton, and the increase of transimission power makes specific loss reduce, also improve Energy-saving effect in power transmission.
Newly-built crane span structure in Fig. 3 leads to outdoor harbour bank integral type and concentrates at the 3 of shore connection box, by power plant's 6kV switchgear houses Newly-built cable testing bridge is at 4, a height of 100x100mm of wide * of cable bridge.Number AA1 be low voltage incoming line switch cabinet, AA2, AA3, AA4 and AA5 is low-pressure line-outgoing switchgear, and #1 to #8 is 8 direct current integrated formula charging cabinets, and TX1 is fire-fighting fire alarm control rack. Between place creates charging station switchgear house one, SCB11-1600kVA-D, y11- two-winding transformers 1, new clothes GCK low pressure are housed Power distribution cabinet 4,1, GCK low pressure isolating transformers cabinet, direct current integrated formula charging cabinet 8, fire-fighting fire alarm switch board 1;In electric room All metal frames need to be grounded, and ground resistance requires to be not more than 4 ohm or less;Wall-mounted consumer unit, illumination, sky is arranged in electric room Tune, intake and exhaust fan, mouse driving device and the portable device that goes out;Electric door mouse-proof baffle plate is 8mm hard plastic boards, 500mm high;The cable in electric room At ditch (crane span structure) entrance and exit of the passage, protection against rodents close measure need to be done.Fireproof coating is preferably coated into the cable in room;Electric door requirement It opens outward, and should have no less than 2m fat pipes before door;Low-tension switch cabinet inlet-outlet line mode is to go out on enterprising.
Again by Fig. 2 and 3, the comprehensive charging station is arranged in plant area's rear Indoor environment using the pattern of separate unit, Alternating Current Power Supply unit includes 1,1 0.4/0.22kV-400kVA-Y/ of the main dry-type transformers of 1 0.4/6kV-1200kVA- △/Y Yn control dry-type isolation transformer 2,5 GCK type -0.4kV low pressure drawer-type switch cabinets (number AA1~AA5), 8 120kW, The ups power and dual power supply of 600V/200A integral types DC charging motor, 1 set of fire-fighting fire alarm system, 1 set of 0.22kV/6kW capacity The a complete set of equipment such as switch, room lighting and air conditioner facility and auxiliary auxiliary facility.Trunk formula becomes except the sides 6kV switch is equipped with 1 Set " circuit-transformer type " comprehensive relay protection device acts on short circuit and fault state tripping is outer, is also configured with independent two Grade temperature control protective device exports the sides 6kV switch trip, and shunt tripping main transformer low-pressure side outlet in main transformer overtemperature alarm, excess temperature Switch.
5 GCK type -0.4kV low pressure drawer-type switch cabinets are by 1 low-pressure line-outgoing switchgear (3200A) and 4 branches Outlet switch cabinet forms (1250A), wherein totally 8 tunnel outlet air switches pass through 8 YJV22- to 2 branch's outlet switch cabinets 1kV-3X95mm2Power cable be connected to the ac input ends of 8 independent DC charging cabinets, in addition 2 branch's outlets are opened It closes cabinet and is respectively used to three-phase three-wire system Alternating Current Power Supply as defined in electric ship, 0.4/0.22kV-400kVA-Y/Yn isolation control transformations The power supply of device 2 and other ancillary equipment loads, isolation control transformer are used to three-phase three-wire system 0.4kV alternating currents being changed into three Phase five-wire system 0.4kV and single-phase two-wire system 0.22kV alternating currents, single-phase two-wire system 0.22kV alternating currents are mainly used for AC low-tension Switchgear, the control of DC charging cabinet and miscellaneous equipment and operation power.5 GCK type -0.4kV low pressure drawer-type switch cabinets are each Air switch is equipped with low pressure measuring and controlling protective device, often cover measure and control device by fixed value calculation be provided with quick-break, overcurrent, overload, It is grounded zero sequence and under-voltage protection, is respectively acting on alarm and the tripping outlet in corresponding air switch electrical primary at the same level circuit, And the conversion by included RS485 communication port and communication processor to communication protocol, by the various electricity measured and protection The information such as actuating signal concentration is uploaded to charging station host computer, facilitates charging station to carry out global information and preserves and monitor in real time.
The ups power and twin-power switch, including the uninterrupted power supply of 1 AC0.22kV/6kW and 2 0.22kV/2kVA twin-power switch, ups power input terminal are connected to the unit switch interval that the isolation of AA5 cabinets becomes single phase power supply, output Bis- tunnels Duan Fen are connected on the ports stand-by power supply B of 2 twin-power switch, the working power input terminal point of 2 twin-power switch respectively Be not connected to the unit switch interval that the isolation of AA5 cabinets becomes single phase power supply, charging station is normally under power-off condition, become by isolation provide it is single The power supply of phase 0.22kV controls and load charges under station failure or maintenance power-off condition, small through twin-power switch offer 2 by UPS When uninterrupted 0.22kV single phase poaer supplies, it is ensured that the divide-shut brake of the action message of charging station protection supervisory equipment and each air switch is grasped Make.
1 set of fire-fighting fire alarm system is broken including 1 charging station indoor fire-fighting fire alarm host, 5 smoke alarms, 2 Glass alarm button, 2 audible-visual annunciators, 2 input modules, 16 output modules, 2 IP interfaces photoelectric converters, 2.0km Six core fibre of single mode, 1 temperature sensing optical fiber host, 1.6km temperature sensing optical fibers and 2 piece of 8 relay output end mouth mold block, fire-fighting fire alarm master Concentrated alarm and display of the machine for cigarette sense and outdoor temperature-sensing fiber-optic probe in charging station room, the region that the machine is responsible for monitoring pass through CAN (H, L) buses are connected with smoke alarm, input and output module, and pass through IP communication port and optical fiber link and center Collection control fire alarm host connection, the complete function with this local monitoring response and global fire-fighting fire alarm information unification alarm.
The DC charging unit includes 8 DC charging motors, and 8 direct current integrated formula chargers are mounted on matching for charging station In electric room, degree of protection IP54, single machine direct current output rated power is 120kW, and direct current output rated voltage is 600V, and direct current is defeated It is 200A to go out rated current, and the adjustable range of DC output voltage is 0~750V, the adjustable range of average anode current is 0~ 250A.The AC power incoming end and DC power output end of every charger are completely independent from one another on electric loop, can be just Ground charging cabinet single machine swipe the card or button start and stop charging, also can remote button or on the spot one key of charging station host computer simultaneously start and stop fill Electricity, flexible operation mode is various, and the independence of each charger work and safety have obtained abundant guarantee, and work is independent of each other.
The DC charging motor includes AC input, monitoring unit, charging rectifier module and DC output end, The AC input includes exchange input breaker and communication lightning-protection device, and 380V alternating currents are inputted for interface, described to fill Electric rectification module includes 8 groups of integrated rectification units, and every group of DC output power is 15kW, output voltage 600V, output current 200A will for receiving the data command that integral type concentrates shore connection box charge control module to send out by CAN bus optical fiber link The alternating current of input is converted to the direct current adjusted on demand, and the DC output end includes DC lightning prevention device and direct current electric degree Table, for exporting the direct current being converted to.
The DC charging motor further includes monitoring unit, and monitoring unit includes alternating-current watt-hour meter, exchange collector, 7 cun of coloured silks Aobvious touch screen integral type monitor, direct current kilowatt-hour meter, loud speaker and card reader, monitor by RS485, RS232, TCP/IP and CAN communication port respectively with AC ammeter, DC meter, card reader, exchange acquisition module, loud speaker, backstage upper monitoring machine The charging panel of shore connection box is concentrated connect with distal end, responsible AC and DC electricity, non electrical quantity, failure alarm signal are acquired, shown Show and upload, human-computer interaction instruction input, output interface and monitoring output electricity, curing system program and monitoring and control configuration are installed Interface, failure in emergency circumstances can control distal end charging panel by the automatic or manual touch screen mode of program and directly cut off direct current Electricity output.Loud speaker is connect with the audio output port of integral type monitor, for operating voice prompt and fault alarm response Loudspeaker.AC ammeter, exchange acquisition module are connected on the AC input of DC charging motor, and it is defeated that direct current kilowatt-hour meter is connected on direct current Outlet is respectively used to acquisition exchange input and the voltage of direct current output, electric current, electrical power data, and uploads this machine monitoring in real time The unified display of display preserves, to obtain input AC electricity in time and to export the real-time history data of direct current, for the people that works Member provides carries out discriminatory analysis and the compositive index of decision to charger working condition.
The integral type concentrates shore connection box to be arranged in harbour bank using stainless steel fixing bracket, goes on board close to cable transfer Console mode is installed at 5 meters of equipment, integral protection grade IP56, is manufactured using all steel C304 materials, after collecting for reception The alterating and direct current energy union middle port output that square charging station transmits.It includes that 8 groups of DC chargings control mould that integral type, which concentrates shore connection box, Block, 1 group of Alternating Current Power Supply control module, 16 DC750V/250A D.C. contactors, 8 DC charging rifle modules, 1 exchange are inserted Electric rifle module and several alternating current-direct current Special flexible cable for connecting.The flexible cable for connecting for connect shore connection box and DC charging rifle and Plug-in rifle is exchanged, direct current charging cable is using " three-in-one " extraordinary flexible cable (EVDC-REYS90- of 17 cores specially developed 2X95+1X25+14X1.0mm2), power and data, control signal can distinguish simultaneous transmission, and Alternating Current Power Supply cable is used and specially ground " two-in-one " extraordinary flexible cable (EVDC-RS90S90-3X70+2X4mm of 5 cores of system2).The DC charging rifle with exchange insert Electric rifle is delivered to by the transmission of ship equipment on the cable specially developed on electric ship, is used for and the alternating current-direct current socket on electric ship It docks one by one, completes the conveying of high density electric energy.
M1 to M5 in Fig. 4,5 and 6 is the port being mutually coupled respectively, and the ports M6 are connected to the control of another DC charging The TCP/IP interchangers of unit, the ports M7 and the ports M8 are connected respectively to electric ship alternating current-direct current socket box.
The charge control module is used for the detection of the poles charging gun DC+, the poles DC- temperature (see Fig. 4 to 6 charge control modules Temperature detection interface TEMP1+, TEMP1-, TEMP2+ and the TEMP2- being connect with charging gun), monitoring the poles charging gun DC+ with insert The connection status (the DC+ state detection interfaces CC1 being connect with charging gun see Fig. 4 to 6 charge control modules) of seat, monitoring charging gun The lockup state of electronic lock is (see the connecting interface of Fig. 4 to 6 charging control units and the detection of charging gun electronic lock lockup state Dect1, dect2), provide charging gun electronic lock working power (see Fig. 4 to 6 charging control units and charging gun electronic lock company The port EL+, EL- connect) to output DC voltage and the current sample (main core see Fig. 4 to 6 charge control modules and out-put supply The current sample and voltage sample interface of connection), detection power supply DC+, DC- circuit insulation against ground resistance (see Fig. 4 to 6 Insulation resistance that charging control unit is connect with power circuit detects interface), receive electric ship through DC charging socket and charging Emergency-stop signal that rifle is sent (the emergency-stop signal interface A+ that is connect with charging gun see Fig. 4 to 6 charging control units, A-), receiving the charging sent through DC charging socket and charging gun on electric ship confirms enabling signal (see Fig. 4 to 6 charge controls The charging that unit is connect with charging gun confirms enabling signal interface A+, CC2).
Charge control module is by 2 CAN bus ports and the photoelectric conversion module of special configuration, respectively by output end Data acquisition information and control signal by optical fiber link be transferred to DC charging motor monitoring unit and charging rectifier module (see CAN bus port 1 that Fig. 4 is connect to 6 charging control units with monitoring unit and charging rectifier module, 2), completes front end power supply The purpose data classifying of signal, on-line monitoring, man-machine interface show, act warning function, and are responsible for initiating to establish electric ship cell tube The handshake communication (CAN bus port S+, S- for being connect with charging gun module see Fig. 4 to 6 charging control units) of reason system BMS, It communicates and BMS is successfully followed to require automatic adjustment output voltage and electric current, the process that the foundation entirely communicated and output respond tight Lattice control within 200ms, and the transmission process of real-time regulatory function, above-mentioned signal is reversible.
Being monitored to charging gun compared to existing traditional charger cannot be surpassed by connecting cable length and transmission range The limitation of 150 meters of effective distances is crossed, this patent design is by the way of arrangement charge control module in centralized shore connection box to filling Electric rifle and whole length circuit are monitored, solve at one stroke charging gun because with the connection line of charger is long, electronic lock work Make power supply line loss greatly can not locking, that signal transmission decaying is big, electronic lock lockup state detection distorted signals is unstable etc. is a series of Technical barrier.
Also, charge control module by CAN bus port and optical fiber link respectively with monitoring unit and rectification module into Row communication, communication protocol defer to national standard CAN bus agreement, and traffic rate is unified for 250kb/s, also efficiently solves charging together Unstable and then failure technical barrier is communicated between machine and electric ship caused by transmission range is more than 150 meters.Present case can The key sent on single machine charge initiation or electric ship, which is carried out, by the card reader to charge on cabinet confirms that charge initiation button is real Now all start, failure in emergency circumstances, can be sent out by the scram button and electric ship for the cabinet sum aggregate Chinese style shore connection box that charges Carry out emergent stop signal and acts on emergency shutdown.
The Alternating Current Power Supply control module mounting arrangements are concentrated in integral type in shore connection box, including 1 AC380V/250A is handed over Flow direct current intermediate relay, 1 switch knob, 1 opening button and the divide-shut brake indicator light each 1 of contactor, 1 DC24V It is a, for division control 0.4kV three-phase three-wire systems alternating current and be transmitted to exchange plug-in rifle, Alternating Current Power Supply control module with exchange It is attached with 5 core flexible cable of control line " two-in-one " type using the power specially developed between plug-in rifle, through exchanging plug-in While rifle conveys AC power to the electric ship of rated power, the control that electric ship is sent is transmitted by the control conductor in cable Signal processed realizes divide-shut brake function, also can be by concentrating the button on shore connection box to carry out breaking-closing operating.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship, which is characterized in that concentrated including charging station, outdoor integral type Shore connection box and charging gun module, the charging station concentrate shore connection box and charging gun module to provide AC and DC to outdoor integral type Power supply, outdoor integral type concentrate shore connection box to be used to collect harbour bank base AC and DC power supply, concentrate and charge or power to ship, and Monitoring charging or power supply state, charging gun module are used to concentrate shore connection box to dock with large-scale pure electric vehicle ship integral type, and simultaneously Carry out Alternating Current Power Supply and DC charging.
2. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to fill Power station includes that Alternating Current Power Supply unit, DC charging unit, fire police monitoring unit, illumination and HVAC facility, charging station are used as The comprehensive platform of electric ship electric energy supply, it is i.e. complete after power transmission using the postposition arrangement far from electric ship water front berth It is complete to realize unattended mode operation.
3. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the friendship It includes charging main transformer, isolation control transformer, low pressure drawer-type switch cabinet and UPS uninterruptible power supplies to flow power supply unit, is used Three-phase alternating current, single-phase control power supply and the uninterrupted single phase poaer supply of DC charging unit and electric ship are provided in distribution.
4. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described straight Current charge unit includes more integral type DC charging motors and charging host computer, for being converted to directly three-phase three-wire system alternating current Galvanic electricity is exported to the outdoor centralized shore connection box of subordinate.
5. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 2, which is characterized in that described to disappear The alert monitoring unit of fire prevention includes indoor fire-fighting fire alarm host, host computer, cigarette sense, warming sensor, broken glass alarm button, acousto-optic report Alert device, fire alarm input/output module, temperature sensing optical fiber host, temperature sensing optical fiber and temperature signal output relay unit, fire alarm host For detecting the entire charging station inside of alarm and its external input, the cigarette sense in output cable channel and warming signal, and will detection To fire alarm synchronized upload to charging station fire alarm host computer and distant place center fire alarm host, the alarm of global synchronization monitoring equipment is realized Response.
6. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the family It includes alternating current-direct current control unit, alternating current-direct current output unit, DC charging control module, DC charging that outer integral type, which concentrates shore connection box, Rifle module and its connecting cable circuit, exchange plug-in rifle module and its connection cables etc., it is cross, straight to electric ship offer for concentrating Galvanic electricity simultaneously monitors charging or power supply state.
7. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to fill Data information and control signal between power station and integral type concentration shore connection box are realized by fiber optic communication mode;Integral type is concentrated Communication between shore connection box and electric ship battery management system BMS is using the communication electricity in special integral type direct current charging cable The mode of cable core is realized;The divide-shut brake control signal of exchange bank electricity passes through the control conductor in special " two-in-one " power cable It realizes.
8. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described one Body formula DC charging motor includes alternating current input unit, rectification charging unit and DC output end, AC input packet Alternating current air switch, lightning protection device, exchange collecting unit and AC energy meter are included, it is defeated for being docked with upper level Alternating Current Power Supply unit Enter alternating current, rectification charging module is used to the alternating current of input being converted to direct current, and DC output end includes direct current acquisition Unit and direct current energy meter, for exporting direct current and concentrating shore connection box to dock with next stage open air integral type.
9. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described straight Stream integrated charger further includes multiple single machine monitoring units and a backstage charging host computer, and single machine monitoring unit includes monitoring Device and card reader, are responsible for receiving alternating current-direct current collecting unit, alternating current-direct current electric energy meter and card reader input signal, and input is acquired signal Concentration is uploaded to backstage charging host computer and preserves and output control signals to charging panel, opens charging output mode;Wherein, The unlatching of single machine charge mode both can be by the long-range enabling signal one-key start sent on electric ship, can also be by the spot Separate unit charging cabinet on card reader " one-to-one " be respectively started, in addition it can by backstage charge host computer individually or Whole group starts simultaneously.
10. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described The rectification charging unit of direct current integrated formula charger includes multigroup charging module, for the charging control of receiving front-end centralization shore connection box The alternating current of input, is converted to the conversion equipment of direct current by the input control signal of molding block.
11. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 6, which is characterized in that described Charging gun module includes the multiple DC charging rifles specially researched and developed, exchange plug-in rifle and its special connecting cable, the charging station It is separately connected multiple DC charging rifles by centralized shore connection box and exchanges plug-in rifle, is inserted respectively with the AC and DC on electric ship Seat docking can be the AC and DC power supply that Large Electric ship provides multichannel large capacity simultaneously.
12. a kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship according to claim 6, which is characterized in that described Centralized shore connection box further includes multiple DC charging control modules of corresponding multiple DC charging units, and each DC charging control Molding block is used to provide the working power of DC charging rifle electronic lock and detects electronic lock lockup state and DC charging rifle is positive and negative The temperature of pole contact.
CN201721756665.0U 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship Active CN207758590U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721756665.0U CN207758590U (en) 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721756665.0U CN207758590U (en) 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207758590U true CN207758590U (en) 2018-08-24

Family

ID=63187193

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721756665.0U Active CN207758590U (en) 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207758590U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112260109A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-22 西安中车永电电气有限公司 High-protection double-electric shore power box

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112260109A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-22 西安中车永电电气有限公司 High-protection double-electric shore power box

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201234165Y (en) Automatic control apparatus for power distribution system
CN107901785A (en) A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship
CN101908780A (en) Intelligent remote monitoring box-type substation
CN202103478U (en) Comprehensive intelligent distribution box
CN202737576U (en) Intelligent measure-control apparatus used for low voltage power distribution network
CN101873010A (en) Intelligent monitoring terminal of electric distribution system
CN205160090U (en) Incessant little electric wire netting grid -connected interface integrated device of stable state has
CN102891533B (en) A kind of 800kV intelligent breaker
CN102497034B (en) Smart power grid junction station
CN201750078U (en) Intelligent remote control box type substation
CN101237156B (en) Realization method for wall-hang energy-saving high-frequency switch DC power system
CN207758590U (en) A kind of composite type charging system of inland river Large Electric ship
CN209627050U (en) Marine wind electric field integrated monitoring system
CN201742167U (en) Intelligent monitoring terminal of power distribution system
CN204089167U (en) A kind of box type transformer protection supervisory equipment
CN203367797U (en) Intelligent distribution automatic terminal box
CN104142648A (en) Management and control terminal of urban rail traffic low-voltage power distribution system
CN210927503U (en) Photovoltaic power generation and energy storage integrated power supply system
CN209764920U (en) Mining explosion-proof type electric energy quality monitoring device
CN203086030U (en) Full intelligent distributed 35kV opening/closing station
CN207053251U (en) A kind of grid entry point supervising device of family expenses photovoltaic generating system
CN106059094B (en) Distribution substation's transformer energy saving control system and method
CN202651895U (en) Remote electricity using management system
CN204258115U (en) The intelligent Prefabricated high-low voltage transformer substation of 10kV
CN210514470U (en) Cascade topology experimental device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant