CN207731442U - A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system - Google Patents

A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207731442U
CN207731442U CN201820090010.2U CN201820090010U CN207731442U CN 207731442 U CN207731442 U CN 207731442U CN 201820090010 U CN201820090010 U CN 201820090010U CN 207731442 U CN207731442 U CN 207731442U
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module
communication module
monitoring system
monitoring
sensor
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CN201820090010.2U
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陈思如
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陈思如
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring systems, including multiple distribution nodes for detecting each live fire behavior hidden danger, the Centroid for focusing on each live fire behavior hidden danger monitoring parameter and for the remote monitoring terminal of remote monitoring fire behavior hidden danger, the multiple distribution node is connect with Centroid, and the Centroid is connect with remote monitoring terminal.The utility model uses distributed node monitoring site environmental parameter and Electrical Power Line Parameter, and monitor mode coverage area is big, the efficiency of management is high, monitoring hidden danger avoids omitting.The case where fire whether occurs by site environment parameter and Electrical Power Line Parameter comprehensive analysis scene, more there is scientific, accuracy, avoids much monitoring idle work or accidentally monitoring, leakage monitoring.When fire behavior occurs for scene, not only remotely live fire behavior alarm signal is sent to user, moreover it is possible to take initial fire disaster automatically powering off and the measure of onsite alarming, valuable rescue time is won for subsequent rescue.

Description

A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model is related to fire hazard monitoring technical field more particularly to a kind of distributed intelligence electrical fire monitoring systems System.
Background technology
Fire is the higher serious disasters and accidents of occurrence probability, seriously threatens human life's safety, brings great Property loss causes great environmental pollution.The many because being known as of fire incident are induced, wherein since electrical equipment is not using The ratio that the electrical fire caused by the electric wirings such as, circuit corrosion and ageing and failure factor accounts for fire sum reaches 50%.
The protection of electrical fire is greatly paid attention to, in order to limit electrical fire increased trend year by year, state Family has put into effect multi-section standards and norms in succession, it is desirable that electric fire monitoring system is arranged under construction, is sent out with preventing electric fire It is raw, reduce fire hazard.However although actually present various electric fire monitoring systems have their own characteristics each, but mostly with very Serious defect.
Currently, the electric fire monitoring system of domestic all applications is substantially with region electric fire monitoring system, concentration Based on formula electric fire monitoring system, this system is generally all established one's own system, self-isolation, cannot be formed resource between system and Service is shared, cannot achieve the data of the multiple tested points and large area of the synchronization monitoring in wide range, leads to its accommodation It is small, especially megastore, large-scale apartment electrical fire monitoring in have greater limitations.
Secondly, existing electrical fire monitoring is only limited to the overcurrent-overvoltage detection for power line building voltage and current, by It is excessively high too low there are moment in the voltage and current of power circuit, but be unlikely to that fire behavior occurs, lead to fire behavior when really having Voltage and current abnormal conditions are also alarmed, cannot thus differentiate very well scene on earth be both of these case which kind of.Or it only examines The fire behaviors environmental parameters such as temperature, the smog at scene are surveyed, but detect this transducing signal, illustrate there has been initial fire disaster, Loss is had resulted in.Therefore, the sensing detection unit of the electric fire monitoring system of the prior art is more single, cannot integrate Property is low to be accurately reflected, predicts fire hazard.
Again, the electric fire monitoring system of the prior art remotely can only send scene when scene generation fire behavior to user Fire behavior alarm signal, scene cannot take initial fire disaster the countermeasure for slowing down fire behavior, cannot be that treasured is won in subsequent rescue Expensive rescue time.
Utility model content
In view of the drawbacks described above of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of distributions Intelligent electric fire monitoring system, so as to solve the deficiencies in the prior art.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, including more A distribution node for detecting each live fire behavior hidden danger, for focusing in each live fire behavior hidden danger monitoring parameter Heart node and remote monitoring terminal for remote monitoring fire behavior hidden danger, the multiple distribution node are connect with Centroid, institute Centroid is stated to connect with remote monitoring terminal;The distribution node includes first microprocessor and is electrically connected with first microprocessor The A/D conversion modules that connect, the first communication module, relay module, the A/D conversion modules input terminal connection camera, environment Parameter acquisition sensor, power-line signal acquire sensor, and the power-line signal acquisition sensor connects line, The line connects electrical equipment, alarming horn by relay module;The Centroid includes the second microprocessor With the touch screen, data storage, the second communication module being electrically connected with the second microprocessor;First communication module, second Communication module is connected, and second communication module is also connect with remote monitoring terminal.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, the first microprocessor, camera, environmental parameter Acquisition sensor, power-line signal acquisition sensor, A/D conversion modules, the first communication module are all connected with power module connection.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, the power module are lithium battery or No. 5 batteries.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, first communication module, the second communication module are Wired or wireless communication module.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, first communication module, the second communication mould Block is CAN interface module, RS485 interface modules, RS232 interface module any one or WIFI module, bluetooth mould Block, Zigbee module, GPRS module any one.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, environmental parameter acquisition sensor include but It is not limited to temperature sensor, smoke sensor device, carbon dioxide sensor, flame sensor.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, power-line signal acquisition sensor include but It is not limited to voltage sensor, current sensor, leakage current sensor.
A kind of above-mentioned distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, the remote monitoring terminal are mobile phone or PC machine.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
The utility model uses distributed node monitoring site environmental parameter and Electrical Power Line Parameter, monitor mode to cover model Enclose big, efficiency of management height, monitoring hidden danger avoids omitting.It is by site environment parameter and Electrical Power Line Parameter comprehensive analysis scene No generation fire more has scientific, accuracy, the case where avoiding much monitoring idle work or accidentally monitoring, leakage monitoring.When Fire behavior occurs for scene, not only remotely sends live fire behavior alarm signal to user, moreover it is possible to initial fire disaster is taken automatically power off and The measure of onsite alarming wins valuable rescue time for subsequent rescue.
The technique effect of the design of the utility model, concrete structure and generation is made furtherly below with reference to attached drawing It is bright, to be fully understood from the purpose of this utility model, feature and effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure block diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the distribution node structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the Centroid structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the relay module circuit diagram of the utility model.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, including it is multiple for detecting each scene The distribution node 1 of fire behavior hidden danger, the Centroid 2 for focusing on each live fire behavior hidden danger monitoring parameter and for long-range Monitor the remote monitoring terminal 3 of fire behavior hidden danger, the multiple distribution node 1 connect with Centroid 2, the Centroid 2 and Remote monitoring terminal 3 connects;The distribution node 1 includes first microprocessor 11 and the A/ being electrically connected with first microprocessor 11 D conversion modules 16, the first communication module 17, relay module 19,16 input terminal of the A/D conversion modules connection camera 13, Environmental parameter acquires sensor 14, power-line signal acquires sensor 15, and the power-line signal acquisition sensor 15 connects Line 18 is connect, the line 18 connects electrical equipment 110, alarming horn 111 by relay module 19;In described Heart node 2 includes the second microprocessor 21 and the touch screen 22, the data storage 23, second that are electrically connected with the second microprocessor 21 Communication module 24;First communication module 17, the second communication module 24 are connected, second communication module 24 also with remotely Monitor terminal 3 connects.
In the present embodiment, the first microprocessor 11, camera 13, environmental parameter acquisition sensor 14, power circuit Signal acquisition sensor 15, A/D conversion modules 16, the first communication module 17 are all connected with the connection of power module 12.
In the present embodiment, the power module 12 is lithium battery or No. 5 batteries.
In the present embodiment, first communication module 17, the second communication module 24 are wired or wireless communication module.
In the present embodiment, first communication module 17, the second communication module 24 be CAN interface module, RS485 interface modules, RS232 interface module any one or WIFI module, bluetooth module, Zigbee module, GPRS module Any one.
In the present embodiment, the environmental parameter acquisition sensor 14 includes but not limited to temperature sensor, smog biography Sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, flame sensor.
In the present embodiment, the power-line signal acquisition sensor 15 includes but not limited to voltage sensor, electric current biography Sensor, leakage current sensor.
In the present embodiment, the remote monitoring terminal 3 is mobile phone or PC machine.
Illustrate the operation principle of the utility model below in conjunction with a specific embodiment:
Multiple distribution nodes 1 are distributed in megastore, each region of large-scale apartment (including each floor, corridor, is lived Institute, warehouse, shop front etc.), environmental parameter acquires sensor 14 (temperature sensor, smoke sensor device, carbon dioxide sensor, fire Flame sensor) be laid near each inflammable thing, power-line signal acquire sensor 15 (voltage sensor, current sensor, Leakage current sensor) it is separately connected line and acquires its voltage, current signal.The Site Detection of each distribution node 1 is joined Number is with wired (CAN bus, RS485 interfaces, RS232 interface any one) or wireless (WIFI, bluetooth, Zigbee, GPRS Any one) it is sent to Centroid 2, Centroid 2 separately handles the data of each branch node 1.Centroid 2 with it is remote Range monitoring terminal 3 also with wired (CAN bus, RS485 interfaces, RS232 interface any one) or it is wireless (WIFI, bluetooth, Zigbee, GPRS any one) mode communicates.This monitor mode coverage area is big, the efficiency of management is high, monitoring hidden danger avoids losing Leakage.
When the ambient parameter data and power line data while exception of a certain branch node 1, then illustrate that electrical fire occurs The probability of feelings is larger, and Centroid sends level-one alarm signal to remote monitoring terminal 3, the monitoring interface of remote monitoring terminal 3 The corresponding report class information of display, while voice response.
When the only ambient parameter data exception of a certain branch node 1, then illustrate the general of fire behavior caused by other reasons occur Rate is larger, and Centroid 2 sends secondary alarm signal to remote monitoring terminal 3, and the monitoring interface of remote monitoring terminal 3 is shown pair Class information, while voice response should be reported.
When the only power line data exception of a certain branch node 1 and the duration is long, then explanation may have generation electrical The hidden danger (continuing overcurrent, overvoltage) of fire behavior, then to remote monitoring terminal 3, user need to go the transmission of Centroid 2 level-one caution signal Scene investigation.
When the only power line data exception of a certain branch node 1 and the duration is short, then restores normal, then illustrates to send out The probability of raw electrical fire behavior is smaller, and Centroid 2 sends two level caution signal to remote monitoring terminal 3, remote monitoring terminal 3 The image information that the acquisition of camera 13 need to be transferred confirms, it is not necessary to rush to the scene.
In addition, when 1 ambient parameter data of a certain distribution node and power line data while exception, and transfer camera It was found that fire behavior, then remote monitoring terminal 3 starts highest protection level.It is dynamic that the control relay module 19 of distribution node 1 is corresponded at this time Make, disconnects the connection of line 18 and electrical equipment 110, to cut off electrical fire source at the first time, meanwhile, scene is rung Play alarm sound prompt fire fighting.As shown in figure 4, input low level, Q conductings, relay move triode Q base stages at this time at this moment To make, normally closed contact 3,5 originally disconnects, and line is disconnected with electrical equipment, and the contact 4,5 of disconnection originally is closed, City supplies electricity to alarming horn for electric alarm.
The preferred embodiment of the utility model described in detail above.It should be appreciated that the ordinary skill people of this field Member according to the present utility model can conceive without creative work makes many modifications and variations.Therefore, all this technology necks Technical staff passes through logic analysis, reasoning or limited reality on the basis of existing technology according to the design of the utility model in domain Available technical solution is tested, it all should be in the protection domain being defined in the patent claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system, it is characterised in that:Including multiple for detecting each live fire behavior The distribution node (1) of hidden danger, the Centroid (2) for focusing on each live fire behavior hidden danger monitoring parameter and for long-range The remote monitoring terminal (3) of fire behavior hidden danger is monitored, the multiple distribution node (1) connect with Centroid (2), the centromere Point (2) is connect with remote monitoring terminal (3);The distribution node (1) include first microprocessor (11) and with the first microprocessor The A/D conversion modules (16) of device (11) electrical connection, the first communication module (17), relay module (19), the A/D conversion modules (16) input terminal connection camera (13), environmental parameter acquisition sensor (14), power-line signal acquisition sensor (15), institute It states power-line signal acquisition sensor (15) and connects line (18), the line (18) passes through relay module (19) connection electrical equipment (110), alarming horn (111);The Centroid (2) includes the second microprocessor (21) and with the Touch screen (22), data storage (23), the second communication module (24) of two microprocessors (21) electrical connection;First communication Module (17), the second communication module (24) are connected, and second communication module (24) also connect with remote monitoring terminal (3).
2. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First micro- place Manage device (11), camera (13), environmental parameter acquisition sensor (14), power-line signal acquisition sensor (15), A/D conversions Module (16), the first communication module (17) are all connected with power module (12) connection.
3. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The power module (12) it is lithium battery or No. 5 batteries.
4. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First communication Module (17), the second communication module (24) are wired or wireless communication module.
5. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described first Communication module (17), the second communication module (24) are CAN interface module, RS485 interface modules, RS232 interface module times Meaning is a kind of or WIFI module, bluetooth module, Zigbee module, GPRS module any one.
6. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The environment Parameter acquisition sensor (14) includes but not limited to temperature sensor, smoke sensor device, carbon dioxide sensor, flame sensing Device.
7. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The power circuit Signal acquisition sensor (15) includes but not limited to voltage sensor, current sensor, leakage current sensor.
8. a kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The remote monitoring Terminal (3) is mobile phone or PC machine.
CN201820090010.2U 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system Expired - Fee Related CN207731442U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820090010.2U CN207731442U (en) 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820090010.2U CN207731442U (en) 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 A kind of distributed intelligence electric fire monitoring system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109298668A (en) * 2018-11-10 2019-02-01 郑州福禄源电子科技有限公司 A kind of office building Electrical Equipment Management System and method based on Internet of Things
CN110798816A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-14 江苏亨通线缆科技有限公司 Fire monitoring system based on ad hoc network base station
CN110855660A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-28 珠海市鸿瑞信息技术股份有限公司 Power industry network management system based on virtual link

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109298668A (en) * 2018-11-10 2019-02-01 郑州福禄源电子科技有限公司 A kind of office building Electrical Equipment Management System and method based on Internet of Things
CN110798816A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-14 江苏亨通线缆科技有限公司 Fire monitoring system based on ad hoc network base station
CN110855660A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-28 珠海市鸿瑞信息技术股份有限公司 Power industry network management system based on virtual link
CN110855660B (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-10-01 珠海市鸿瑞信息技术股份有限公司 Power industry network management system based on virtual link

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20180814

Termination date: 20200119