CN207723866U - A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function - Google Patents

A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207723866U
CN207723866U CN201721258567.4U CN201721258567U CN207723866U CN 207723866 U CN207723866 U CN 207723866U CN 201721258567 U CN201721258567 U CN 201721258567U CN 207723866 U CN207723866 U CN 207723866U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
aluminium alloy
function
block
drilling device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721258567.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁川
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Nanjing Lingya Automotive Technology Research Institute
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Nanjing Lingya Automotive Technology Research Institute
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Priority to CN201721258567.4U priority Critical patent/CN207723866U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207723866U publication Critical patent/CN207723866U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of aluminium alloy drilling devices with protection operator's function, including bracket institution, perforating mechanism, workpiece polishing mechanism, PLC and protection mechanism;Transmission mechanism includes first motor, driving wheel, transmission belt and driven wheel, perforating mechanism includes lead screw, walk block, second motor, speed reducer, third motor and drill bit, protection mechanism includes adjustable plate, first cylinder and guard assembly, cleaning assembly includes guide duct, filter screen, air pump and settling tank, this has the aluminium alloy drilling device design structure of protection operator's function ingenious, practicability is high, the spillage of aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is prevented by protection mechanism, prevent injury that can be to operator, aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is cleared up by cleaning assembly, and it recycles, it is polished the drilled edge of hole-drilled aluminium alloy by workpiece polishing mechanism, quality and safety of the aluminium alloy in drilling are ensured.

Description

A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function
Technical field
The utility model is related to metal processing sectors, more particularly to a kind of aluminium alloy drilling with protection operator's function Equipment.
Background technology
Drilling machine refers to utilizing side of the tool harder, sharper keen than object by rotary cutting or rotary squeezing Formula, the machinery and equipment that cylindrical hole or hole are left on object are referred to as.
With the increase of cost of human resources, most enterprises consider full-automatic drilling machine as developing direction, existing Automatic drilling machine do not have generally protection operator function, operator drilling when, drill the aluminium alloy residue drilled out It may be splashed on the body of operator, certain harm is generated to operator.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it provides a kind of with protection The aluminium alloy drilling device of operator's function.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:A kind of aluminium with protection operator's function Alloy drilling device, including bracket institution, perforating mechanism, workpiece polishing mechanism, PLC and protection mechanism;
The bracket institution includes pedestal, strut and fixed block, and there are two the struts, and the strut is vertically arranged, institute It states strut to be arranged in the top of pedestal, the fixed block is set on the base by strut;
The transmission mechanism includes first motor, driving wheel, transmission belt and driven wheel, and the transmission mechanism is arranged in pedestal On, the first motor driving driving wheel rotation, the driving wheel is sequentially connected by transmission belt and driven wheel, the transmission belt Positioned at the lower section of perforating mechanism, the transmission belt is horizontally disposed;
The perforating mechanism includes lead screw, the block that walks, the second motor, speed reducer, third motor and drill bit, the third are electric Machine is arranged on fixed block, and the third motor driving lead screw rotation, the block that walks is equipped with and the matched internal thread of lead screw, institute It states the one end of lead screw far from third motor and penetrates the block that walks, the upside of the block that walks is equipped with the hole that walks, the Kong Yuzhi that walks Bar matches, and the strut is passed through and walked hole, and the block that walks is slidably connected with strut, and the drill bit is connected to the by speed reducer On two motors, the second motor setting is walking on block;
The protection mechanism includes adjustable plate, the first cylinder and guard assembly, and the adjustable plate is set on the base, described First cylinder is located on adjustable plate, and the guard assembly is connect with the first cylinder, the guard assembly include cover body, punching slot, Sliding block, iron block, spring and electromagnet, the punching slot are located on cover body, and the punching slot is matched with drill bit, the sliding block and cover Body is slidably connected, and the iron block is arranged in the side of sliding block, and the electromagnet connects iron block by spring;
The first motor, the second motor, third motor and electromagnet are electrically connected with PLC.
Preferably, aluminum alloy materials, after drilling, drilled edge meeting out-of-flatness is polished to enable aluminum alloy to material It is more smooth, the workpiece polishing mechanism include the second cylinder, the 4th motor and grinding disc, second cylinder is by connecting rod the bottom of in Seat connection, second cylinder push the sliding of the 4th motor, the 4th motor driving grinding disc rotation, the grinding disc to be located at The top of transmission belt.
After drilling, transmission mechanism is transferred to hole-drilled aluminium alloy below grinding disc, and PLC controls the second cylinder Push grinding disc to drill hole, the driving grinding disc rotation of the 4th motor is polished.
Preferably, generated disintegrating slag when in order to clear up and recycle drilling, cleaning group is additionally provided on the protection mechanism Part, the cleaning assembly include gas-guide tube, filter screen, air pump and settling tank, are connected to inside one end of the gas-guide tube and cover body, The other end of the gas-guide tube is connected to by air pump with outside, and the filter screen is arranged in gas-guide tube, the settling tank setting In the lower section of gas-guide tube, the settling tank is connected to gas-guide tube, and the settling tank is between cover body and filter screen.
It is that PLC controls air pump and opens, and the air and aluminium alloy disintegrating slag in cover body, adsorbs into air-guiding hole needing to clear up, After aluminium alloy disintegrating slag encounters filter screen, fall into settling tank.
Preferably, aluminium alloy disintegrating slag falls into settling tank for convenience, the filter screen is angularly disposed.
Preferably, for the ease of removing settling tank, aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is recycled, the settling tank passes through flange and gas-guide tube Connection.
Preferably, whether observation settling tank has expired for convenience, the making material of the side of the settling tank is glass.
Preferably, for convenience control, the first motor, the second motor, third motor and the 4th motor with watch Take motor.
Preferably, adjusting the height of adjustable plate for convenience, the adjustable plate is connect by bolt with pedestal.
Preferably, in order to detect whether adjustable plate is in horizontality, level meter is additionally provided on the adjustable plate.
Preferably, the block that walks for convenience slides on strut, organic oil is applied on the strut.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that should have the aluminium alloy drilling device design structure of protection operator's function skilful Wonderful, practicability is high, the spillage of aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is prevented by protection mechanism, it is therefore prevented that can pass through cleaning to the injury of operator Component clears up aluminium alloy disintegrating slag, and recycles, and is beaten the drilled edge of hole-drilled aluminium alloy by workpiece polishing mechanism Mill has ensured quality and safety of the aluminium alloy in drilling.
Description of the drawings
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is that the structure of the protection mechanism of the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function of the utility model is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 3 is that the structure of the cleaning assembly of the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function of the utility model is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 4 is the company of the adjustable plate and pedestal of the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function of the utility model Connect structural schematic diagram.
In figure:1. fixed block, 2. third motors, 3. lead screws, 4. walk block, 5. second motors, 6. speed reducers, 7. drill bits, 8. strut, 9. protection mechanisms, 10. transmission belts, 11. driven wheels, 12. pedestals, 13. second cylinders, 14. connecting rods, 15. the 4th electricity Machine, 16. polishing pads, 17. driving wheels, 18. first motors, 19. adjustable plates, 20. first cylinders, 21. cover bodies, 22. punching slots, 23. sliding block, 24. iron blocks, 25. springs, 26. electromagnet, 27. gas-guide tubes, 28. filter screens, 29. air pumps, 30. settling tanks, 31. spiral shells Bolt, 32. level meters.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is described in further detail presently in connection with attached drawing.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, Only illustrate the basic structure of the utility model in a schematic way, therefore it only shows composition related with the utility model.
As shown in Figs 1-4, a kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function, including bracket institution, punching Mechanism, workpiece polishing mechanism, PLC and protection mechanism 9;
The bracket institution includes pedestal 12, strut 8 and fixed block 1, and there are two the struts 8, and the strut 8 is set vertically It sets, the strut 8 is arranged in the top of pedestal 12, and the fixed block 1 is arranged by strut 8 on pedestal 12;
The transmission mechanism includes first motor 18, driving wheel 17, transmission belt 10 and driven wheel 11, and the transmission mechanism is set It sets on pedestal 12, the first motor 18 drives driving wheel 17 to rotate, and the driving wheel 17 passes through transmission belt 10 and driven wheel 11 are sequentially connected, and the transmission belt 10 is located at the lower section of perforating mechanism, and the transmission belt 10 is horizontally disposed;
The perforating mechanism includes lead screw 3, the block 4 that walks, the second motor 5, speed reducer 6, third motor 2 and drill bit 7, described Third motor 2 is arranged on fixed block 1, and the third motor 2 drives lead screw 3 to rotate, and the block 4 that walks is equipped with and lead screw 3 The internal thread matched, the one end of the lead screw 3 far from third motor 2 penetrate the block 4 that walks, and the upside of the block 4 that walks, which is equipped with, to walk Hole, the hole that walks are matched with strut 8, and the strut 8 passes through the hole that walks, and the block 4 that walks is slidably connected with strut 8, described Drill bit 7 is connected to by speed reducer 6 on the second motor 5, and the setting of the second motor 5 is walking on block 4;
The protection mechanism 9 includes adjustable plate 19, the first cylinder 20 and guard assembly, and the adjustable plate 19 is arranged in pedestal On 12, first cylinder 20 is located on adjustable plate 19, and the guard assembly is connect with the first cylinder 20, the guard assembly packet It includes cover body 21, punching slot 22, sliding block 23, iron block 24, spring 25 and electromagnet 26, the punching slot 22 to be located on cover body 21, institute It states punching slot 22 to match with drill bit 7, the sliding block 23 is slidably connected with cover body 21, and the iron block 24 is arranged the one of sliding block 23 Side, the electromagnet 26 connect iron block 24 by spring 25;
The first motor 18, the second motor 5, third motor 2 and electromagnet 26 are electrically connected with PLC.
In drilling, the aluminum alloy materials that needs are processed are placed on transmission belt 10 and start to drill, the first electricity of PLC controls Machine 18 drives driving wheel 17 to rotate, and driving wheel 17 is sequentially connected by transmission belt 10 and driven wheel 11, makes the aluminium on transmission belt 10 Alloy material is subjected to displacement, and carries out multiple drillings, and PLC controls third motor 2 and lead screw 3 is driven to rotate, makes to walk to bottom offset, then It opens the second motor 5 driving drill bit 7 to rotate, realizes drilling, in drilling, the sputtering of aluminium alloy disintegrating slag, is equipped in order to prevent Cover body 21, in order to solve the problems, such as that cover body 21 bypasses drill bit 7, PLC controls electromagnet 26 and opens, and electromagnet 26 adsorbs iron block 24, So that two sliding blocks 23 is slided, so that the lower section of cover body 21 is formed channel and be connected to punching slot 22, PLC controls the first cylinder 20 punching Slot 22 is moved at drill bit 7, and PLC closes electromagnet 26, and spring 25 resets sliding block 23, so that cover body 21 is sealed, to prevent The sputtering of aluminium alloy disintegrating slag.
Preferably, aluminum alloy materials, after drilling, drilled edge meeting out-of-flatness is polished to enable aluminum alloy to material It is more smooth, the workpiece polishing mechanism includes the second cylinder 13, the 4th motor 15 and grinding disc 16, and second cylinder 13 passes through company Extension bar 14 is connected in pedestal 12, and second cylinder 13 pushes the sliding of the 4th motor 15, the 4th motor 15 to drive grinding disc 16 rotations, the grinding disc 16 are located at the top of transmission belt 10.
After drilling, hole-drilled aluminium alloy is transferred to 16 lower section of grinding disc by transmission mechanism, and PLC controls the second gas Cylinder 13 pushes grinding disc 16 to drill hole, and the driving rotation of grinding disc 16 of the 4th motor 15 is polished.
Preferably, generated disintegrating slag when in order to clear up and recycle drilling, cleaning group is additionally provided on the protection mechanism 9 Part, the cleaning assembly include gas-guide tube 27, filter screen 28, air pump 29 and settling tank 30, one end of the gas-guide tube and cover body The other end of 21 inside connections, the gas-guide tube is connected to by air pump 29 with outside, and the filter screen 28 is arranged in gas-guide tube, The settling tank 30 is arranged in the lower section of gas-guide tube, and the settling tank 30 is connected to gas-guide tube, and the settling tank 30 is located at cover body Between 21 and filter screen 28.
It is that PLC controls air pump 29 and opens needing to clear up, the air and aluminium alloy disintegrating slag in cover body 21, adsorbs into leading Air holes after aluminium alloy disintegrating slag encounters filter screen 28, is fallen into settling tank 30.
Preferably, aluminium alloy disintegrating slag falls into settling tank 30 for convenience, the filter screen 28 is angularly disposed.
Preferably, for the ease of remove settling tank 30, recycle aluminium alloy disintegrating slag, the settling tank 30 by flange with lead Tracheae 27 connects.
Preferably, whether observation settling tank 30 has expired for convenience, the making material of the side of the settling tank 30 is Glass.
Preferably, controlling for convenience, the first motor 18, the second motor 5, third motor 2 and the 4th motor 15 And servo motor.
Preferably, adjusting the height of adjustable plate 19 for convenience, the adjustable plate 19 is connected by bolt 31 and pedestal 12 It connects.
Preferably, in order to detect whether adjustable plate 19 is in horizontality, level meter is additionally provided on the adjustable plate 19 32。
Preferably, the block 4 that walks for convenience slides on strut 8, organic oil is applied on the strut 8.
Compared with prior art, there should be the aluminium alloy drilling device design structure of protection operator's function ingenious, it is practical Property it is high, the spillage of aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is prevented by protection mechanism 9, it is therefore prevented that cleaning assembly handle can be passed through to the injury of operator Aluminium alloy disintegrating slag is cleared up, and is recycled, and is polished the drilled edge of hole-drilled aluminium alloy by workpiece polishing mechanism, is ensured Quality and safety of the aluminium alloy in drilling.
It is enlightenment, through the above description, related work people with the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the utility model Member can carry out various changes and amendments in the range of without departing from this item utility model technological thought completely.This item is real It is not limited to the contents of the specification with novel technical scope, it is necessary to which its technology is determined according to right Property range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function, which is characterized in that including bracket institution, puncher Structure, workpiece polishing mechanism, PLC and protection mechanism(9);
The bracket institution includes pedestal(12), strut(8)And fixed block(1), the strut(8)There are two, the strut(8) It is vertically arranged, the strut(8)It is arranged in pedestal(12)Top, the fixed block(1)Pass through strut(8)It is arranged in pedestal (12)On;
Transmission mechanism includes first motor(18), driving wheel(17), transmission belt(10)And driven wheel(11), the transmission mechanism sets It sets in pedestal(12)On, the first motor(18)Drive driving wheel(17)Rotation, the driving wheel(17)Pass through transmission belt (10)With driven wheel(11)It is sequentially connected, the transmission belt(10)Positioned at the lower section of perforating mechanism, the transmission belt(10)It is horizontal Setting;
The perforating mechanism includes lead screw(3), walk block(4), the second motor(5), speed reducer(6), third motor(2)And drill bit (7), the third motor(2)Fixed block is set(1)On, the third motor(2)Drive lead screw(3)Rotation, the block that walks (4)It is equipped with and lead screw(3)Matched internal thread, the lead screw(3)Far from third motor(2)One end penetrate the block that walks(4), The block that walks(4)Upside be equipped with and walk hole, hole and the strut of walking(8)Matching, the strut(8)Across the hole that walks, The block that walks(4)With strut(8)It is slidably connected, the drill bit(7)Pass through speed reducer(6)It is connected to the second motor(5)On, institute State the second motor(5)It is arranged in the block that walks(4)On;
The protection mechanism(9)Including adjustable plate(19), the first cylinder(20)And guard assembly, the adjustable plate(19)Setting exists Pedestal(12)On, first cylinder(20)It is located at adjustable plate(19)On, the guard assembly and the first cylinder(20)Connection, institute It includes cover body to state guard assembly(21), punching slot(22), sliding block(23), iron block(24), spring(25)And electromagnet(26), described Punch slot(22)Positioned at cover body(21)On, the punching slot(22)With drill bit(7)Matching, the sliding block(23)With cover body(21)It is sliding Dynamic connection, the iron block(24)It is arranged in sliding block(23)Side, the electromagnet(26)Pass through spring(25)Connect iron block (24);
The first motor(18), the second motor(5), third motor(2)And electromagnet(26)It is electrically connected with PLC.
2. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the polishing Mechanism includes the second cylinder(13), the 4th motor(15)And grinding disc(16), second cylinder(13)Pass through connecting rod(14) In pedestal(12)Connection, second cylinder(13)Push the 4th motor(15)Sliding, the 4th motor(15)Driving polishing Piece(16)Rotation, the grinding disc(16)Positioned at transmission belt(10)Top.
3. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the protection Mechanism(9)On be additionally provided with cleaning assembly, the cleaning assembly includes gas-guide tube(27), filter screen(28), air pump(29)And precipitation Case(30), the gas-guide tube(27)One end and cover body(21)Inside connection, the gas-guide tube(27)The other end pass through air pump (29)It is connected to outside, the filter screen(28)It is arranged in gas-guide tube(27)It is interior, the settling tank(30)It is arranged in gas-guide tube (27)Lower section, the settling tank(30)With gas-guide tube(27)Connection, the settling tank(30)Positioned at cover body(21)With filter screen (28)Between.
4. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the filtering Net(28)It is angularly disposed.
5. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the precipitation Case(30)Pass through flange and gas-guide tube(27)Connection.
6. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the precipitation Case(30)Side making material be glass.
7. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described first Motor(18), the second motor(5), third motor(2)With the 4th motor(15)And servo motor.
8. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjusting Plate(19)Pass through bolt(31)With pedestal(12)Connection.
9. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjusting Plate(19)On be additionally provided with level meter(32).
10. the aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the branch Bar(8)Upper painting organic oil.
CN201721258567.4U 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function Expired - Fee Related CN207723866U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721258567.4U CN207723866U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721258567.4U CN207723866U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207723866U true CN207723866U (en) 2018-08-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721258567.4U Expired - Fee Related CN207723866U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of aluminium alloy drilling device with protection operator's function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110370089A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-10-25 河池学院 A kind of fractured connecting rod production line of multistation
CN111604412A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-09-01 张传刚 Superconductor punching device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110370089A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-10-25 河池学院 A kind of fractured connecting rod production line of multistation
CN111604412A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-09-01 张传刚 Superconductor punching device

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180814

Termination date: 20200928

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee