CN207709120U - Chinese medicine crushing system - Google Patents

Chinese medicine crushing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207709120U
CN207709120U CN201721398149.5U CN201721398149U CN207709120U CN 207709120 U CN207709120 U CN 207709120U CN 201721398149 U CN201721398149 U CN 201721398149U CN 207709120 U CN207709120 U CN 207709120U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chinese medicine
pulverizing chamber
medicinal
room
axis
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721398149.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李颖
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Maershan Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd.
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Hangzhou Little Orange Industrial Design Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721398149.5U priority Critical patent/CN207709120U/en
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Publication of CN207709120U publication Critical patent/CN207709120U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of Chinese medicine crushing system, including:Primary comminution room, the two level pulverizing chamber that the primary comminution room is connected to and the three-level pulverizing chamber being connected to the two level pulverizing chamber;The primary comminution chamber inlet is provided with material receiving port, and the primary comminution chamber interior is provided with rotating shredder device, and the rotating shredder device is made of two rotating shredder teeth, and two rotating shredder teeth are arranged side by side, and the tooth of two rotating shredder teeth is interspersed.Three-level pulverizing chamber is arranged in the utility model, to realize the abundant crushing of medicinal material;In crushing process, the transmission of medicinal material, the rotating of blade cool down and all multi-steps such as medicinal material drying can automate progress, acquire the various physical signals in drug crushing process in real time using multiple sensors, it realizes the automation of crushing process and adaptive progress, has been obviously improved crushing effect and crush efficiency.

Description

Chinese medicine crushing system
Technical field
The utility model is related to Chinese medicine Preparation equipment field more particularly to a kind of Chinese medicine crushing systems.
Background technology
Herbal pharmaceutical method is the successive dynasties gradually to develop and enrich, and considers the record of forefathers in light of actual conditions, according to modern practical warp It tests, herbal pharmaceutical method is broadly divided into five classes:
1. the system of repairing:Including pure processing;Pulverization process and cutting processing.
2. water system:It is known as water preparation method with the method that water or other Auxiliary Liquid Materials handle medicinal material.The purpose of water is mainly clear Clean drug, softening medicine, adjustment pharmacological property.There are commonly drench, wash, steep, float, soak, moisten, fine grinding etc..Three kinds described herein common Method.
3. fire system:Including frying;It processs, forge and simmers.
4. preparing with water and fire together:Including boiling;It steams;It quenches;Tan.
5. other preparation methods:There are commonly germination, fermentation, making drugs into frostlike powder and part method preparation methods etc..Its object is to change drug original Have performance, increase new curative effect, reduce toxicity or side effect, or make drug more become to imitating it is high-quality pure.Such as the germination of paddy and wheat;Fermentation Legal system takes Divine Comedy, Fermented Soybean;Deoiling for crotons takes frost, the processing making drugs into frostlike powder of watermelon;Rhizoma Pinelliae Preparatum etc..
In order to increase drug effect during modern pharmaceutical, inevitably need to carry out medicinal material grinding.The purpose of Chinese medicine grinding Mainly have:
Increase the surface area of drug, promotes drug dissolving;Be conducive to prepare various pharmaceutical dosage forms;Accelerate medicinal material in effectively at Point;Dissolving;Convenient for allocating, taking and playing drug effect;Convenient for the drying and storage of fresh medicinal material, therefore drug grinding has weight The meaning wanted, and need to use drug grinder in drug process of lapping, it can realize quickly grinding for drug using drug grinder Mill, is more advantageous to the large-scale production of drug.
And the processing method that existing drug grinder is simply ground using corase grinding refinement substantially, wherein in corase grinding processing, often Two rotation wheel apparatus interactions of the use seen, and by the way that one group of blade structure or mill-emery wheel is arranged in fine grinding processing Structure carries out fine grinding, and the progress due to the use of simple gear or simple blade is ground substantially, and grinding effect is barely satisfactory.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of Chinese medicine crushing system.
The utility model is realized with following technical solution:
A kind of Chinese medicine crushing system, including:
Primary comminution room, the primary comminution room two level pulverizing chamber being connected to and be connected to the two level pulverizing chamber three Grade pulverizing chamber;
The primary comminution chamber inlet is provided with material receiving port, and the primary comminution chamber interior is provided with rotating shredder device, institute The rotating shredder device stated is made of two rotating shredder teeth, and two rotating shredder teeth are arranged side by side, the tooth of two rotating shredder teeth It is interspersed.
The primary comminution room and two level pulverizing chamber are provided with the first strainer.
Further, it is provided with center driven axis in the middle part of the two level pulverizing chamber, center driven axis lower part passes through ten Font support member and four driven axis connections, center driven axis bottom are connect with first motor, the center driven axis The driven shaft is driven to rotate clockwise by the cross support member;Divide each of in the cross support member Branch is both provided with the first blade;First blade is welded in the cross support member, the edge of first blade It is cutting edge;
Each driven shaft is hollow structure, each driven shaft be internally provided with micromotor resettlement groove and With the axis of rotation of driven shaft cooperation;A micromotor is provided in each micromotor resettlement groove, the micromotor is used In the driving axis of rotation;The second blade is both provided on each axis of rotation, each second blade includes that more than one set turns Knife;Every group of rotor is made of the sub- rotor that two panels angle is 180 degree, the direction of motion of the cutting edge of sub- rotor with the axis of rotation Unanimously;The axis of rotation is along rotation counterclockwise;
The center driven axis is fixed with more than one third blade, the court of the cutting edge of the third blade along short transverse To consistent with the direction of motion of center driven axis;
Two level pulverizing chamber bottom is provided with retractable component;The retractable member upper is provided with the second strainer; The first air inlet of more than one is provided between second strainer and the retractable component, two level pulverizing chamber top is set It is equipped with the first air outlet of more than one, the first filter element is both provided at each first air outlet;First air inlet is equal It is connected to a heat-exchange device, the heat-exchange device is used to be passed through air after cooling, the heat to first air inlet Switch is controlled by an intelligent controller;
The retractable component is built-in with weight induction chip, and the weight induction chip is logical with the intelligent controller Letter;The retractable component is controlled by the intelligent controller.
Further, three-level pulverizing chamber side is provided with the second motor, and second motor side is connected with grinding Axis, the grinding shaft are equipped with several abrasive wheels, are equipped with fixed emery wheel, the abrasive wheel and fixed emery wheel between abrasive wheel two-by-two The tapered structure design in upper end;Second motor is controlled by the intelligent controller;Three-level pulverizing chamber lower end is provided with Third strainer.
Further, temperature sensor is provided in the two level pulverizing chamber, the temperature sensor is controlled with the intelligence Device communication processed;The heat-exchange device is controlled by the intelligent controller.
Further, three-level pulverizing chamber lower end is additionally provided with Chinese medicine drying device, the Chinese medicine drying device lower end Discharge port is offered, switch valve is provided on the discharge port, the switch valve is controlled by the intelligent controller.
Further, the inside of the Chinese medicine drying device offers medicinal material drying room, the Chinese medicine drying device it is interior Portion opens up organic room, and the machine room is located at the lower section of medicinal material drying room, and the inside of the machine room is installed with medicinal material dryer The top of ontology, the machine room is connected with the bottom of medicinal material drying room.
Further, medicinal material dryer is built-in with communication module, and the medicinal material dryer is controlled by the intelligent controller.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
The utility model provides a kind of Chinese medicine crushing system, has following advantageous effects:
(1)Three-level pulverizing chamber is set, for level-one for preliminary crushing, two level for crushing again, three-level is used for fine crushing, Wherein Secondary process is provided with three kinds of different blades of function, to realize the abundant crushing of medicinal material;
(2)In crushing process, the transmission of medicinal material, the rotating of blade cool down and all multi-steps such as medicinal material drying can be automatic Change and carry out, acquires the various physical signals in drug crushing process in real time using multiple sensors, realize the automatic of crushing process Change and adaptively carry out, has been obviously improved crushing effect and crush efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of Chinese medicine that the utility model embodiment provides crushes system schematic;
Fig. 2 is a kind of Chinese medicine crushing system control schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment provides.
Specific implementation mode
It is new to this practicality below in conjunction with attached drawing to keep the purpose of this utility model, technical solution and advantage clearer Type is described in further detail.
The utility model embodiment provides a kind of Chinese medicine crushing system, as shown in Figure 1, including:
The two level pulverizing chamber 2 and be connected to the two level pulverizing chamber 2 that primary comminution room 1, the primary comminution room 1 are connected to Three-level pulverizing chamber 3;
1 entrance of primary comminution room is provided with material receiving port 4, and the primary comminution room 1 is internally provided with rotating shredder device 11, the rotating shredder device is made of two rotating shredder teeth, and two rotating shredder teeth are arranged side by side, two rotating shredder teeth Tooth be interspersed.
The primary comminution room 1 and two level pulverizing chamber 2 are provided with the first strainer 12;
2 middle part of the two level pulverizing chamber is provided with center driven axis 21, and 21 lower part of center driven axis passes through cross Support member 22 is connect with four driven shafts 23, and 21 bottom of center driven axis is connect with first motor, the center driven Axis 21 drives the driven shaft to rotate clockwise by the cross support member;In the cross support member 22 Each branch is both provided with the first blade 24;First blade 24 is welded in the cross support member 22, and described The edge of one blade 24 is cutting edge;
Each driven shaft 23 is hollow structure, and each driven shaft 23 is internally provided with micromotor resettlement groove 231 and with the driven shaft 23 coordinate the axis of rotation 232;It is provided with a micromotor in each micromotor resettlement groove 231, The micromotor is for driving the axis of rotation 232;It is both provided with the second blade 25 on each axis of rotation 232, each Second blade 25 includes more than one set rotor;Every group of rotor is made of the sub- rotor that two panels angle is 180 degree, the cutting edge of sub- rotor It is consistent with the direction of motion of the axis of rotation;The axis of rotation is along rotation counterclockwise;
The center driven axis 21 is fixed with more than one third blade 26, the sword of the third blade 26 along short transverse The direction of mouth is consistent with the direction of motion of the center driven axis 21;
The direction of rotation of the axis of rotation and the center driven axis on the contrary, the purpose of this setting be to increase medicinal material with The collision of blade optimizes crushing effect.
During pulverizing medicinal materials, keep the temperature of medicinal material extremely important, with the progress of crushing process, medicinal material temperature can not The raising avoided, however the raising of medicinal material temperature will produce adverse effect for drug effect, therefore, the utility model embodiment in order to Real-time control medicinal material temperature is provided with such as lower structure:
Two level pulverizing chamber bottom is provided with retractable component 27;27 top of retractable component is provided with the second filter Net 28;The first air inlet of more than one 271, the two level are provided between second strainer 28 and the retractable component 27 Pulverizing chamber top is provided with the first air outlet of more than one, and the first filter element is both provided at each first air outlet;It is described First air inlet 270 is connected to a heat-exchange device 29, and the heat-exchange device 29 to first air inlet for being passed through Air after cooling, the heat-exchange device 29 are controlled by an intelligent controller 100.
Specifically, the heat-exchange device 29 is controlled by the intelligent controller in order to blast sky to two level pulverizing chamber Gas is allowed to be crushed again to blow afloat the medicinal material being deposited on the second strainer 28;Further, the air due to being blasted For air after cooling, so as to cool down for two level pulverizing chamber, prevent the temperature of medicinal material from increasing influences it to a certain extent Drug effect.
Further, temperature sensor is provided in the two level pulverizing chamber, the temperature sensor is controlled with the intelligence Device 100 processed communicates;The heat-exchange device 29 is controlled by the intelligent controller 100.The retractable component 27 is controlled by institute State intelligent controller 100.
Specifically, the retractable component 27 is built-in with weight induction chip, the weight induction chip and the intelligence Controller 100 communicates;The retractable component is controlled by the intelligent controller 100.If being stored on the retractable component 27 After having the medicinal material of sufficient amount crushed by two level, the gravimetric value of the weight induction chip perception will be more than preset first threshold Value, the gravimetric value sensed is transmitted to the intelligent controller 100, the intelligent controller 100 by weight induction chip at this time It controls the retractable component 27 and is opened so that medicinal material falls into three-level pulverizing chamber, the retractable component 27 maintains open state After reaching preset time, it is automatically closed.
In a feasible embodiment, 3 side of three-level pulverizing chamber is provided with the second motor 31, second motor 31 sides are connected with grinding shaft 32, and the grinding shaft 32 is equipped with several abrasive wheels 33, and abrasive wheel 33 is equipped between any two two-by-two Fixed emery wheel 34, the abrasive wheel and the fixed tapered structure design in emery wheel upper end;Second motor 31 is controlled by the intelligence It can controller 100.
3 lower end of three-level pulverizing chamber is provided with third strainer 35.
In another feasible embodiment, 3 lower end of three-level pulverizing chamber has also been directly connected to Chinese medicine drying device, institute It states Chinese medicine drying device lower end and offers discharge port, switch valve is provided on the discharge port, the switch valve is controlled by described Intelligent controller.
Specifically, the inside of the Chinese medicine drying device offers medicinal material drying room, the inside of the Chinese medicine drying device Organic room is opened up, the machine room is located at the lower section of medicinal material drying room, and the inside of the machine room is installed with medicinal material dryer sheet The top of body, the machine room is connected with the bottom of medicinal material drying room.Medicinal material dryer is built-in with communication module, and the medicinal material dries Dry machine is controlled by the intelligent controller.
Further, to realize the automation control of crushing process, as shown in Fig. 2, the rotating shredder device, the first electricity Machine, micromotor, heat-exchange device and the second motor are communicated to connect with the intelligent controller 100 to be controlled by the intelligence It can controller 100.
The intelligent controller includes processor, man-machine interaction device and communication module, and the communication module is used for and temperature Spend sensor and weight induction chip communication.Further, the communication module is additionally operable to the rotating shredder device, the first electricity Machine, micromotor, switch valve, heat-exchange device and the second communications.
In the intelligent controller, the man-machine interaction device is connect with the processor communication, the communication module also with The processor communication connection;The man-machine interaction device can obtain control program input by user and transmit it to processing Device, to realize the automation control of crushing process.
Above disclosures are merely preferred embodiments of the utility model, with this utility model cannot be limited certainly Interest field, therefore equivalent variations made according to the claim of the utility model still fall within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. Chinese medicine crushing system, which is characterized in that including:
Primary comminution room, the two level pulverizing chamber that the primary comminution room is connected to and the three-level powder being connected to the two level pulverizing chamber Broken room;
The primary comminution chamber inlet is provided with material receiving port, and the primary comminution chamber interior is provided with rotating shredder device, described Rotating shredder device is made of two rotating shredder teeth, and two rotating shredder teeth are arranged side by side, and the tooth of two rotating shredder teeth interlocks Distribution;
The primary comminution room and two level pulverizing chamber are provided with the first strainer.
2. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Be provided with center driven axis in the middle part of the two level pulverizing chamber, center driven axis lower part by cross support member with Four driven axis connections, center driven axis bottom are connect with first motor, and the center driven axis passes through the cross Support member drives the driven shaft to rotate clockwise;Each branch in the cross support member is both provided with first Blade;First blade is welded in the cross support member, and the edge of first blade is cutting edge;
Each driven shaft is hollow structure, each driven shaft be internally provided with micromotor resettlement groove and with institute State the axis of rotation of driven shaft cooperation;A micromotor is provided in each micromotor resettlement groove, the micromotor is for driving Move the axis of rotation;It is both provided with the second blade on each axis of rotation, each second blade includes more than one set rotor;Often Group rotor is made of the sub- rotor that two panels angle is 180 degree, and the cutting edge of sub- rotor is consistent with the direction of motion of the axis of rotation; The axis of rotation is along rotation counterclockwise;
The center driven axis is fixed with more than one third blade along short transverse, the direction of the cutting edge of the third blade with The direction of motion of the center driven axis is consistent;
Two level pulverizing chamber bottom is provided with retractable component;The retractable member upper is provided with the second strainer;It is described The first air inlet of more than one is provided between second strainer and the retractable component, two level pulverizing chamber top is provided with The first air outlet of more than one is both provided with the first filter element at each first air outlet;First air inlet is with one Heat-exchange device is connected to, and the heat-exchange device is used to be passed through air after cooling, the heat exchange to first air inlet Device is controlled by an intelligent controller;
The retractable component is built-in with weight induction chip, and the weight induction chip is communicated with the intelligent controller;Institute It states retractable component and is controlled by the intelligent controller.
3. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Three-level pulverizing chamber side is provided with the second motor, and second motor side is connected with grinding shaft, the grinding shaft Several abrasive wheels are equipped with, are equipped with fixed emery wheel, the abrasive wheel and the fixed tapered knot in emery wheel upper end between abrasive wheel two-by-two Structure designs;Second motor is controlled by the intelligent controller;Three-level pulverizing chamber lower end is provided with third strainer.
4. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Temperature sensor is provided in the two level pulverizing chamber, the temperature sensor is communicated with the intelligent controller;It is described Heat-exchange device is controlled by the intelligent controller.
5. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Three-level pulverizing chamber lower end is additionally provided with Chinese medicine drying device, and the Chinese medicine drying device lower end offers discharge port, Switch valve is provided on the discharge port, the switch valve is controlled by the intelligent controller.
6. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The inside of the Chinese medicine drying device offers medicinal material drying room, and the inside of the Chinese medicine drying device opens up organic room, The machine room is located at the lower section of medicinal material drying room, and the inside of the machine room is installed with medicinal material drying machine body, the machine room Top be connected with the bottom of medicinal material drying room.
7. Chinese medicine crushing system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
Medicinal material dryer is built-in with communication module, and the medicinal material dryer is controlled by the intelligent controller.
CN201721398149.5U 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 Chinese medicine crushing system Expired - Fee Related CN207709120U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721398149.5U CN207709120U (en) 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 Chinese medicine crushing system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721398149.5U CN207709120U (en) 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 Chinese medicine crushing system

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN207709120U true CN207709120U (en) 2018-08-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110773263A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-11 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Chinese grass turtle shell stirring and grinding device
CN111229424A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-06-05 泉州市同元设计有限公司 Particulate matter grinding device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110773263A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-11 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Chinese grass turtle shell stirring and grinding device
CN111229424A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-06-05 泉州市同元设计有限公司 Particulate matter grinding device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190624

Address after: 402460 Oil Quercus Community 1, Changzhou Street Office, Rongchang District, Chongqing

Patentee after: Chongqing Maershan Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd.

Address before: 311199 320, room 10, 518 rising road, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: Hangzhou little orange Industrial Design Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20190624

Address after: 402460 Oil Quercus Community 1, Changzhou Street Office, Rongchang District, Chongqing

Patentee after: Chongqing Maershan Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd.

Address before: 311199 320, room 10, 518 rising road, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: Hangzhou little orange Industrial Design Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180810

Termination date: 20191027

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee