CN2076875U - Stem kneading machine - Google Patents

Stem kneading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2076875U
CN2076875U CN 90219478 CN90219478U CN2076875U CN 2076875 U CN2076875 U CN 2076875U CN 90219478 CN90219478 CN 90219478 CN 90219478 U CN90219478 U CN 90219478U CN 2076875 U CN2076875 U CN 2076875U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
tooth plate
stem stalk
puy
hammer leaf
Prior art date
Application number
CN 90219478
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李荣生
李森堂
林顶锐
Original Assignee
鞍山市农业机械化研究所
鞍山市汤岗子畜牧场
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 鞍山市农业机械化研究所, 鞍山市汤岗子畜牧场 filed Critical 鞍山市农业机械化研究所
Priority to CN 90219478 priority Critical patent/CN2076875U/en
Publication of CN2076875U publication Critical patent/CN2076875U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a stem kneading machine providing the soft feed stuff for the grass eating domestic animal. An electric machine drives a rotor to work through a set of belt pulley and texrope belt, and the work part is composed of a kneading chamber, the rotor and a material inlet. The major technical characteristic of the utility model is that a straight dental lamella and an inclined dental lamella are arranged at different positions of the inwall of the kneading chamber within 240 DEG; four sets of hammers are arranged on four followings of a rotor disk in the rotor; technical parameters such as the revolution rate and the hammer are selected based on a certain specification; the material inlet is arranged above the horizontal diameter of the kneading chamber; the stem is made into soft strip material under the action of the striking of the hammer and the dental lamella, and therefore, the feed intake rate of the stem feed stuff is upgraded from 45% to 90%.

Description

A kind ofly belong to the stockbreeding machine field, also can be used for the processing of Chinese herbal medicine, shorten the time of extracting the medicine operation for herbvore domestic animal provides the stem stalk puy of soft feed.

Roughage with plant haulm is done herbvore domestic animal is of long duration traditional processing equipment, to modern ensilage machine, all is that the stem stalk is cut into segment or rough the pulverizing from ancient chopper, directly feeds domestic animal, because the epidermis of stem stalk is very hard, it is about 45% that domestic animal searches for food, waste and big; If with pulverizer processing, crushed material is many, is not suitable for the feeding habits of ruminant.

The purpose of this utility model provides the edible roughage machine of a kind of herbvore domestic animal--and the stem stalk broken machine that soften, it is not that stalk powder is broken or broken but make it become soft filamentary material, eats for domestic animal.

The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that to have straight tooth plate and the Dou tooth plate is shared in rubbing broken chamber, and in four holes of brill, the edge of rotor disk, four servo axis are through in four holes, being through on the servo axis of four groups of 40 hammer leaves and hammer leaf spacer space, material is by being positioned on loam cake and the lower body faying face, stretching into the feeding mouth of rubbing about broken chamber 10mm by the loam cake opening part enters into and rubs broken chamber, under 2650~2800 rev/mins of situations of rotor speed, interaction through straight tooth plate and Dou tooth plate and hammer leaf, make the stem stalk fiber reduce greatly by transversely cutting with by the probability broken, make hard stem stalk crust rapidly softening and do not pulverize, be processed into desirable strip-shaped materials.

The utility model advantage and good effect:

1, solution is processed into ruminant feed with crops stem stalk, grazing rate is brought up to more than 90% by original 45%, reduced the roughage cost, increase the development of the cattle-raising of meat product for society, also constantly increase organic fertilizer in the field for making the stem stalk cross abdomen, to agricultural produce, important practical sense is arranged all.

2, stem stalk puy is simple in structure, conveniently moving, and fault is few, rubs broken rate height, is applicable to the use of pasture and individual feeding family.

3, be applicable to and rub the broken various wet crop stem of doing, rub below the long 1~160mm of broken back material specification that below wide 1~5mm, it is edible to have satisfied ruminant.

4, economize on electricity, degree electricity productioin 50kg/ degree

The concrete structure of utility model is provided by following embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof.

Fig. 1 is according to the stem stalk puy structural representation that the utility model proposes.

Fig. 2 is according to the stem stalk puy structure cut-away view that the utility model proposes.

Describe details and the working condition of the concrete device that the utility model proposes according to a tree name in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

This device comprises working portion and transmission mechanism and actuating unit.

Working portion is by rubbing broken chamber (7), rotor (9), feeding mouth (5), blower fan (16) and air-out (material) mouthful (11) consist of, rotor (9) is with two bearing blocks (17) on its main shaft (13), be installed on the bearing of lower body (19) both sides, one group of belt pulley and V--belt Drive by transmission mechanism, main shaft (13) one ends at rotor (9), belt pulley (14) is housed, is connected with motor pulley on the support (1) by V-belt (4), safety guard (2) covers V-belt (4), play protective action, engine can adopt motor, or the identical engine of other power, to adapt to the needs of varying environment.

Rub broken chamber (7) and fan house (16), by the synthetic garden tube in two and half gardens, the centre is separated with sallop screen (22), tube two ends, garden branch welds up and down flat-plate closure, second garden end socket be extended down to two base anchors (25) and with its welding, consist of to support the lower body (19) of complete machine; Weld square air-out (material) mouthful (11) at first garden blower fan one distolateral limit opening upwards; Rubbing on first garden, broken chamber (7) and air-out (material) mouthful (11) relative side, gap, (rubbing in the broken chamber (7) so that feeding mouth (5) extend into thus) namely becomes loam cake (6).

Feeding mouth (5) is the folk prescription infundibulate, place the loam cake (6) and lower body (19) faying face top of rubbing broken chamber (7), extend into by the opening part of loam cake (6) and to rub about the interior 10mm in broken chamber (7), this position makes whole stem stalk rub broken chamber (7) from being advanced into smoothly, and is subjected to hitting for the first time the easiest breaking.

Outside loam cake (6) and the lower body (19), except feeding mouth (5) three, be welded with level [ (loam cake (6) ] and vertical [ lower body (19)) ] totally 8 orifice plates, pass orifice plate with 4 curved bolts loam cake (6) and lower lathe (19) are firmly linked into an integrated entity.

In 240 ° of gardens of rubbing broken chamber (7) inwall on week, the configuration of straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8): in half garden of lower body (19), straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8) are total, stud with straight tooth plate (18) from 120 ° of cambered surfaces below the feeding mouth (5), stud with Dou tooth plate (8) on 60 ° of remaining cambered surfaces, there is bead at the tooth plate two ends, on the tooth bar (24) that is welded on lower body (19) two ends is pressed in the week of garden, can not come off, slide and can only form the gap along tooth bar (24) and garden week inwall; Pack into and take out; Tooth plate (18) is all made the same fillet shape with (8), is convenient to loading and unloading; In first garden, stud with Dou tooth plate (8) on loam cake (6), the above 60 ° of cambered surfaces of feeding mouth (5), its planform is identical with straight tooth plate (18), different is in the two ends bead screw hole to be arranged, be fixed tightly in screw on the loam cake (6) by blower fan one end Dou tooth plate, the other end is spacing with tooth bar (24), does not come off.

Straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8) are used for hindering and dredging material in movement velocity and the trend of rubbing broken chamber (7), thereby having determined material RT in pushing broken chamber (7) violently, the reasonable Arrangement of above-mentioned two kinds of tooth plates is finished best processing effect with hammer leaf.

Rotor (9) is made of main shaft (13), rotor disk (23), main shaft distance bushing (21), servo axis (12), hammer leaf (10) and hammer leaf spacer (20).Main shaft (13) is installed on the both sides bearing of lower body (19) by two bearing blocks (17), and main shaft is connected with three rotor disks (23) with two main shaft distance bushings (21) by (13) key; Each rotor disk (23) edge is uniform-distribution with four holes, the hole of position correspondence coexists on the axis on three rotor disks, four servo axis (12) penetrate in four groups of holes, being through respectively on four servo axis (12) of four groups of hammer leaves (10) and hammer leaf spacer (20) space, distance 25~30mm between hammer leaf (10), on same servo axis (12), hammer leaf (10) evenly distributes, on relative two servo axis (12), hammer leaf (10) is symmetrically distributed, at two adjacent between centers for distributing alternately.

The Thickness Design of hammer leaf (10) is 2.5~3mm, hammer leaf (10) face size and quality reduce greatly like this, hammer leaf (10) can freely swing, and rotate with rotor (9), the strike that number of times increases, energy reduces makes processed stem stalk fiber be reduced greatly by transversely cutting and the probability broken.

Rotor (9) rotating speed can not be too high, this product rotating speed is designed to 2650~2800 rev/mins, make the kinetic energy of hammer leaf (10) reduce, under the even strike that the little and frequency of energy increases, hit continuously entering the material of rubbing broken chamber (7), process, make rapid softening and unlikely pulverizing of hard epidermis of stem stalk.

Separating the sallop screen (22) of rubbing broken chamber (7) and blower fan (16) is welded on the lower body (19), it exceeds lower body (19) part, block feeding mouth (5), make charging can not directly enter blower fan (16), epicoele and cavity of resorption segment space that sallop screen (22) end can hide are the inlet scoop of blower fan (16), and the material after the processing is inhaled into blower fan (16) thus, and by blower fan air-out (material) mouthful (11) to blow out the magnitude relationship processing effect of inlet scoop at a high speed; The shared same main shaft of draught fan impeller and rotor (9) makes discharging become extremely simple like this.

Straight tooth plate (18) tooth of rubbing broken chamber (7) inwall is designed to zigzag, and the resistance that causes like this is big; Dou tooth plate (8) tooth is designed to isosceles triangle, guidance quality is better like this, size is not made monoblock on demand to straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8), but make narrow slightly stick, in order that production technology and easy installation and removal, straight tooth plate tooth direction is parallel with main shaft, and Dou tooth plate tooth direction is than 45 ° of straight tooth plate Dou, the about 20mm of the tooth pitch of all each tooth plates, tooth depth 6mm.

Embodiment:

The material of each parts of this device and processing method can be according to actual needs, and condition is selected.

Loam cake (6) and lower body (19) housing parts are selected for use weldment, their material selection A 3Steel plate is bought easily, and manufacturing process is also simple; Straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8) are needed wear-resisting part, select chilled cast iron or wear resistant cast iron spare for use, casting is easy, and cost is low, and other high-abrasive materials are also available, but cost an arm and a leg; Hammer leaf (10) is adopted the material and the technology manufacturing of GB regulation, can reach fabulous wear-resisting effect, but because of job specification of the present invention has radical change than existing pulverizer, so hammer leaf (10) selects for use common iron to replace, wearability also surpasses hammer mills.

Puy can be designed to series of products such as 800 types, 430 types, 310 types.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of stem stalk puy that the strip feed of softness is provided for herbvore domestic animal, this device comprises that working portion and transmission mechanism and engine constitute, the rotor of working portion (5) is with two bearing blocks (17) on its main shaft (13), be connected with lower body (19) both sides bearing, main shaft (13) one ends of rotor (9), belt pulley (14) is housed to be connected with motor pulley on the support (1) by V-belt (4), safety guard (2) covers V-belt (4), it is characterized in that: working portion is by puy chamber (7), rotor (9), feeding mouth (5), blower fan (16) and air-out (material) mouthful (11) constitute.
2, stem stalk puy according to claim 1 is characterized in that: feeding mouth (5) places the loam cake (6) of rubbing broken chamber (7) and lower body (19) faying face top, is extend into by the opening part of loam cake (6) and rubs the interior 10mm in broken chamber (7).
3, stem stalk puy according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the 240 degree garden weeks of rubbing broken chamber (7) inwall, the configuration of straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8): in half garden of lower body (19), straight tooth plate (18) and Dou tooth plate (8) are total, stud with straight tooth plate (18) from the degree of 120 below the feeding mouth (5) cambered surface, stud with Dou tooth plate (8) on the 60 remaining degree cambered surfaces; In first garden, loam cake (6), the above 60 degree cambered surface inwalls of feeding mouth (5) stud with Dou tooth plate (8).
4, stem stalk puy according to claim 1 is characterized in that: rotor (9) is by main shaft (13), rotor disk (23), main shaft distance bushing (21), servo axis (12), and hammer leaf (10) and hammer leaf spacer (20) constitute.
5, stem stalk puy according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: being through respectively on four servo axis (12) of four groups of hammer leaves (10) and hammer leaf spacer (20) space, distance 25~30mm between hammer leaf (10), going up hammer leaf (10) at same servo axis (12) evenly distributes, go up hammer leaf (10) at relative two servo axis (12) and be symmetrically distributed, at two adjacent between centers for distributing alternately.
6, stem stalk puy according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the Thickness Design of hammer leaf (10) is 2.5~3mm, and passive processing stem stalk fiber is reduced greatly by transversely cutting with by the probability broken.
7, stem stalk puy according to claim 1 is characterized in that: rotor (9) rotating speed is designed to 2650~2800 rev/mins, makes rapid softening and unlikely pulverizing of hard epidermis of stem stalk.
CN 90219478 1990-09-29 1990-09-29 Stem kneading machine CN2076875U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 90219478 CN2076875U (en) 1990-09-29 1990-09-29 Stem kneading machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 90219478 CN2076875U (en) 1990-09-29 1990-09-29 Stem kneading machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2076875U true CN2076875U (en) 1991-05-15

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ID=4898153

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 90219478 CN2076875U (en) 1990-09-29 1990-09-29 Stem kneading machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2076875U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN107081190A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-22 柯利佳 It is anti abrasive to rub broken room

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN105344449B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-08-29 长江大学 A kind of pulverizer with multi-stage crushing function
CN107081190A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-22 柯利佳 It is anti abrasive to rub broken room

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