CN207685151U - A kind of biomass fertilizers process units - Google Patents

A kind of biomass fertilizers process units Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207685151U
CN207685151U CN201721528590.0U CN201721528590U CN207685151U CN 207685151 U CN207685151 U CN 207685151U CN 201721528590 U CN201721528590 U CN 201721528590U CN 207685151 U CN207685151 U CN 207685151U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
units
biomass fertilizers
fixed case
ventilation duct
feed pipe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721528590.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张桂清
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jianshi Hui Wan Nong Bio Technology Co Ltd
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Jianshi Hui Wan Nong Bio Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721528590.0U priority Critical patent/CN207685151U/en
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Publication of CN207685151U publication Critical patent/CN207685151U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A kind of biomass fertilizers process units, including body, body is fixedly connected with loading hopper in the middle part of top, the grinding device positioned at internal body is provided with immediately below loading hopper, the fermenting case positioned at internal body is provided with immediately below grinding device, the both sides of fermenting case are fixedly connected with the biogas residue feed pipe for running through and extending to engine body exterior, and the bottom of fermenting case is installed with main valve.The biomass fertilizers process units, by the way that grinding device and revolving sleeve is arranged, it drives driving wheel to rotate using main motor, and then the pulverization roller of driven wheel side is driven to be rotated, stalk is crushed using two pulverization rollers, stalk after crushing enters fermenting case and ferments, fermentation period is shortened, fermentation efficiency is improved, drives revolving sleeve to rotate using auxiliary motor, play the role of self-emptying, has reached that discharging is automatic, continuous and uniform effect.

Description

A kind of biomass fertilizers process units
Technical field
The utility model is related to biomass fertilizers technical field, specially a kind of biomass fertilizers process units.
Background technology
Biomass fertilizers refer to microorganisms with specific functions with mainly with plant and animal residues (such as feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw Deng) it is source and one kind for being combined through harmless treatment, decomposed organic materials has both microbial manure and organic fertilizer efficiency The fertilizer answered, China are agricultural production big countries, fertilizer are often used during agricultural planting, in the production process of fertilizer It needs to use many programs.Currently on the market biomass fertilizers in process of production directly processing stalk be put into fermentation vat or It fermenting in fermenting case, fermentation period is long, inefficiency, while heat cannot be fully utilized during the drying process, Heat utilization ratio is low, and in discharging, biomass fertilizers are easy to be blocked in discharge port, for this purpose, proposing a kind of biomass fertilizer Process units is expected to solve the above problems.
Utility model content
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of biomass fertilizers process units, before having fermentation The advantages that heat is fully utilized, improves drying effect and be convenient for discharging when crushing, drying, solves current city Biomass fertilizers process units has that effect is general on field.
(2) technical solution
For realize crush before above-mentioned fermentation, dry when heat be fully utilized, improve drying effect and just In the purpose of discharging, the utility model provides the following technical solutions:A kind of biomass fertilizers process units, including body, it is described It is fixedly connected with loading hopper in the middle part of body top, the crushing positioned at internal body is provided with immediately below the loading hopper Device is provided with the fermenting case positioned at internal body immediately below the grinding device, and the both sides of the fermenting case are fixed to be connected It is connected to the biogas residue feed pipe for running through and extending to engine body exterior, the bottom of the fermenting case is installed with main valve, the machine The bottom of intracoelomic cavity is fixedly connected with fixed case, be fixedly connected at the top of the fixed case extend to the chemical fertilizer of engine body exterior into Expects pipe, the fixed case are internally provided with revolving sleeve, and one end of the revolving sleeve, which is installed with, to be run through and extend to Auxiliary motor on the outside of body, the bottom of the fixed case are installed with the auxiliary valve positioned at organism bottom, the fixed case Side is fixedly connected with the ventilation duct for running through and extending to engine body exterior, and dehumidifier is installed on the ventilation duct, described One end of dehumidifier is fixedly connected with air-heater by ventilation duct, and one end of the air-heater is fixedly connected on ventilation duct Compressor.
Preferably, the grinding device includes main motor, and the output shaft of the main motor is fixedly connected with swingle, described One end of swingle is provided with driving wheel, and the driving wheel is sequentially connected with driven wheel by transmission belt, and the one of the driven wheel Side is sequentially connected with the shaft of pulverization roller.
Preferably, it is installed with material inlet valve on the biogas residue feed pipe and chemical fertilizer feed pipe.
Preferably, the quantity of the chemical fertilizer feed pipe is two, and the shape of two chemical fertilizer feed pipes is L types.
Preferably, the pulverization roller quantity is two, and the surface of two pulverization rollers has been fixedly connected with cutter tooth.
Preferably, the both sides of the organism bottom have been fixedly connected with pedestal.
Preferably, one end of the ventilation duct is run through and extends to internal body and is fixedly connected with fixed case, the ventilation The other end of pipe runs through and extends to internal body to be fixedly connected with the air draught disk inside fixed case.
(3) advantageous effect
Compared with prior art, the utility model provides a kind of biomass fertilizers process units, has following beneficial to effect Fruit:
1, the biomass fertilizers process units utilizes main motor by the way that grinding device, revolving sleeve and auxiliary motor is arranged Driving wheel rotation is driven, and then the pulverization roller of driven wheel side is driven to be rotated, powder is carried out to stalk using two pulverization rollers Broken, the stalk after crushing enters fermenting case and ferments, and shortens fermentation period, improves fermentation efficiency, utilizes auxiliary motor Revolving sleeve rotation is driven, self-emptying is played the role of, has reached that discharging is automatic, continuous and uniform effect, is improved The working efficiency of discharging, prevents biomass fertilizers to be blocked in discharge port.
2, the biomass fertilizers process units, by the way that ventilation duct, compressor, air-heater, dehumidifier and revolving sleeve is arranged, Air inside fixed case, which is entered by air draught disk in dehumidifier, to dehumidify, and then passes through air-heater heating and compressor pressure Contracting, then using air draught disk, thereby realizes hot in high-temperature gas in the carry out heating, drying being transferred to inside fixed case Energy-efficient, the purpose of realization recycle heat drying is played the role of in the recycling of amount, while auxiliary motor drives revolving sleeve rotation Turn, so that biomass chemical fertilizer is adequately contacted with hot-air, further improve drying effect.
Description of the drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlargement structural representation in the portions A in the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the utility model grinding device structural schematic diagram.
In figure:1 body, 2 loading hoppers, 3 grinding devices, 31 main motors, 32 swingles, 33 driving wheels, 34 transmission belts, 35 Driven wheel, 36 shafts, 37 pulverization rollers, 4 fermenting cases, 5 biogas residue feed pipes, 6 main valves, 7 fixed cases, 8 chemical fertilizer feed pipes, 9 rotations Barrel, 10 auxiliary motors, 11 auxiliary valves, 12 ventilation ducts, 13 compressors, 14 air-heaters, 15 dehumidifiers, 16 pedestals.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
- 3 are please referred to Fig.1, a kind of biomass fertilizers process units, including body 1, body are fixedly connected in the middle part of 1 top There are loading hopper 2, the underface of loading hopper 2 to be provided with the grinding device 3 inside body 1, grinding device 3 includes main electricity The output shaft of machine 31, main motor 31 is fixedly connected with swingle 32, and one end of swingle 32 is provided with driving wheel 33, driving wheel 33 It is sequentially connected with driven wheel 35 by transmission belt 34, the side of driven wheel 35 is sequentially connected with the shaft 36 of pulverization roller 37, crushes 37 quantity of roller is two, and the surface of two pulverization rollers 37 has been fixedly connected with cutter tooth, and the underface of grinding device 3 is provided with position Fermenting case 4 inside body 1, the both sides of fermenting case 4 are fixedly connected with the biogas residue charging for running through and extending to outside body 1 The bottom of pipe 5, fermenting case 4 is installed with main valve 6, and the bottom of 1 inner cavity of body is fixedly connected with fixed case 7, fixed case 7 Top is fixedly connected with the chemical fertilizer feed pipe 8 extended to outside body 1, and the quantity of chemical fertilizer feed pipe 8 is two, and two chemical fertilizer The shape of feed pipe 8 is L-type, and material inlet valve, fixed case are installed on biogas residue feed pipe 5 and chemical fertilizer feed pipe 8 7 are internally provided with revolving sleeve 9, and one end of revolving sleeve 9 is installed with the auxiliary motor for running through and extending to 1 outside of body 10, by the way that grinding device 3, revolving sleeve 9 and auxiliary motor 10 is arranged, drive driving wheel 33 to rotate using main motor 31, in turn It drives the pulverization roller 37 of 35 side of driven wheel to be rotated, stalk is crushed using two pulverization rollers 37, the straw after crushing Stalk enters fermenting case 4 and ferments, and shortens fermentation period, improves fermentation efficiency, and rotation material is driven using auxiliary motor 10 Cylinder 9 rotates, and plays the role of self-emptying, has reached that discharging is automatic, continuous and uniform effect, improves the work of discharging Efficiency prevents biomass fertilizers to be blocked in discharge port, and the bottom of fixed case 7 is installed with the auxiliary valve positioned at 1 bottom of body Door 11, the side of fixed case 7 is fixedly connected with the ventilation duct 12 for running through and extending to outside body 1, and one end of ventilation duct 12 is passed through Wear and extend to the inside of body 1 and be fixedly connected with fixed case 7, the other end of ventilation duct 12 run through and extend to 1 inside of body and Air draught disk inside fixed case 7 is fixedly connected, and dehumidifier 15 is installed on ventilation duct 12, and one end of dehumidifier 15, which passes through, to be led to Air hose 12 is fixedly connected with air-heater 14, and one end of air-heater 14 is fixedly connected with the compressor 13 on ventilation duct 12, machine The both sides of 1 bottom of body have been fixedly connected with pedestal 16, by the way that ventilation duct 12, compressor 13, air-heater 14,15 and of dehumidifier is arranged Revolving sleeve 9, the air inside fixed case 7, which is entered by air draught disk in dehumidifier 15, to dehumidify, and then passes through air-heater 14 heating are compressed with compressor 13, in the carry out heating, drying being transferred to inside fixed case 7, then using air draught disk, in this way It is achieved that the recycling of heat in high-temperature gas, plays the role of energy-efficient, the purpose of realization recycle heat drying, while auxiliary Motor 10 drives revolving sleeve 9 to rotate, and so that biomass chemical fertilizer is adequately contacted with hot-air, further improves drying effect.
The electric elements occurred in this article are electrically connected with extraneous main controller and 220V alternating currents, and main controller can be meter Calculation machine etc. plays the conventionally known equipment of control.
When in use, stalk is put by loading hopper 2 in body 1 by operating personnel, is driven and is led using main motor 31 Driving wheel 33 rotates, and then the pulverization roller 37 of 35 side of driven wheel is driven to be rotated, and is carried out to stalk using two pulverization rollers 37 Crush, the stalk after crushing enters fermenting case 4 and ferments, by biogas residue feed pipe 5 to addition biogas residue inside fermenting case 4 into Row fermentation, opens main valve 6, Straw decomposing object is poured into fixed case 7 after fermentation, and the air inside fixed case 7 is logical It crosses air draught disk and enters in dehumidifier 15 and dehumidify, then pass through the heating of air-heater 14 and compressed with compressor 13, is being transferred to Carry out heating, drying inside fixed case 7 thereby realizes the repetition profit of heat in high-temperature gas then using air draught disk With, play the role of it is energy-efficient, realize recycle heat drying purpose, then by chemical fertilizer feed pipe 8 into fixed case 7 additionization Fertilizer drives the rotation of revolving sleeve 9 to be merged with Straw decomposing object convenient for chemical fertilizer, after the completion, opens auxiliary valve using auxiliary motor 10 Door 11 drives revolving sleeve 9 to rotate, plays the role of self-emptying using auxiliary motor 10.
In conclusion the biomass fertilizers process units, has heat when crushing, drying before fermenting and obtains adequately Using, improve drying effect and convenient for discharging the advantages that, solve currently on the market biomass fertilizers process units exist effect The general problem of fruit.
It should be noted that herein, such as the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, It is appreciated that can these embodiments be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaiied Change, replace and modification, the scope of the utility model are defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units, including body (1), it is characterised in that:The middle part on body (1) top is fixed It is connected with loading hopper (2), is provided with immediately below the loading hopper (2) positioned at the internal grinding device (3) of body (1), It is provided with immediately below the grinding device (3) positioned at the internal fermenting case (4) of body (1), the both sides of the fermenting case (4) are equal It is fixedly connected with and runs through and extend to the external biogas residue feed pipe (5) of body (1), the bottom of the fermenting case (4) is fixedly mounted There are main valve (6), the bottom of body (1) inner cavity to be fixedly connected with fixed case (7), the top of the fixed case (7) is fixed It being connected with and extends to the external chemical fertilizer feed pipe (8) of body (1), the fixed case (7) is internally provided with revolving sleeve (9), One end of the revolving sleeve (9) is installed with the auxiliary motor (10) for running through and extending on the outside of body (1), the fixed case (7) bottom is installed with the auxiliary valve (11) positioned at body (1) bottom, and the side of the fixed case (7) is fixedly connected with Run through and extend to the external ventilation duct (12) of body (1), dehumidifier (15) is installed on the ventilation duct (12), it is described One end of dehumidifier (15) is fixedly connected with air-heater (14) by ventilation duct (12), and one end of the air-heater (14), which is fixed, to be connected The compressor (13) being connected on ventilation duct (12).
2. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Grinding device (3) packet Main motor (31) is included, the output shaft of the main motor (31) is fixedly connected with swingle (32), one end of the swingle (32) It is provided with driving wheel (33), the driving wheel (33) is sequentially connected with driven wheel (35), the driven wheel by transmission belt (34) (35) side is sequentially connected with the shaft (36) of pulverization roller (37).
3. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The biogas residue feed pipe (5) And it is installed with material inlet valve on chemical fertilizer feed pipe (8).
4. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chemical fertilizer feed pipe (8) Quantity be two, and the shape of two chemical fertilizer feed pipes (8) is L-type.
5. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Pulverization roller (37) quantity It it is two, and the surface of two pulverization rollers (37) has been fixedly connected with cutter tooth.
6. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Body (1) bottom Both sides have been fixedly connected with pedestal (16).
7. a kind of biomass fertilizers process units according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The one of the ventilation duct (12) End is run through and extended to inside body (1) to be fixedly connected with fixed case (7), and the other end of the ventilation duct (12) runs through and extends It is fixedly connected to the internal air draught disk internal with fixed case (7) of body (1).
CN201721528590.0U 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of biomass fertilizers process units Expired - Fee Related CN207685151U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721528590.0U CN207685151U (en) 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of biomass fertilizers process units

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721528590.0U CN207685151U (en) 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of biomass fertilizers process units

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207685151U true CN207685151U (en) 2018-08-03

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109926189A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-25 天津市农作物研究所(天津市水稻研究所) A kind of soil base-material device for thinning for rice culture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109926189A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-25 天津市农作物研究所(天津市水稻研究所) A kind of soil base-material device for thinning for rice culture

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180803

Termination date: 20191116