CN207677775U - A kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command - Google Patents

A kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207677775U
CN207677775U CN201721557639.5U CN201721557639U CN207677775U CN 207677775 U CN207677775 U CN 207677775U CN 201721557639 U CN201721557639 U CN 201721557639U CN 207677775 U CN207677775 U CN 207677775U
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China
Prior art keywords
fire
module
command
fighting
vital sign
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CN201721557639.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李娜
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上海网罗电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201721557639.5U priority Critical patent/CN207677775U/en
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Publication of CN207677775U publication Critical patent/CN207677775U/en

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Abstract

The utility model is related to fire-fighting operational commanding technical fields, provide a kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command, including individual soldier's locating module, are positioned for indoor and outdoor;Vital sign sensing module is perceived for vital sign;Environmental perception module is monitored for environment epidemic disaster;Three-dimensional modeling module, for outdoor map sand table and indoor map three dimensional stress;Individual soldier's locating module, vital sign sensing module, environmental perception module are connect by communication module with the primary processor.The utility model can grasp location information, life state information and the fire field environment information of fire fighter in real time;It can in real time be docked with fire-fighting system related system, visual query plan of fire fighting, grasp water source, fire fighting device, traffic route, rescue route and the evacuation route situation on scene of fire periphery;Support multi-platform display, can be shown in mobile terminals such as mobile phone, tablet, electronic sand tables, be conducive to commanding rationally, the dispatch control of science.

Description

A kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command
Technical field
The utility model is related to fire-fighting operational commanding technical field, more particularly to a kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command.
Background technology
Currently, China's economy and society are at the rapid development stage, and urbanization process is constantly being accelerated.All kinds of large size quotient Field, synthesis building continue to bring out, and while gasp in admiratioing that appearance of city is taken on an entirely new look, fire protection, fire fighting and rescue operation are referred to Wave the challenge and requirement that also proposed the new period.In face of the urgent Disaster Event such as fire, make a response how rapidly, in linkage, The life security for ensureing people to greatest extent, reduces property loss, has great significance to economic life and social development.
With the continuous development of science and technology, domestic in addition country proposes to build the theory of " fire-fighting of wisdom fire-fighting science and technology " Many enterprises, unit and research universities and colleges add the ranks of research fire-fighting system one after another.Currently, there is proposition to be used for fire-fighting command tune Spend networking broadcast system, to a certain extent can rational allocation police strength resource, improve responding efficiency, but for fire extinguishing rescue Scene is helped, how fire-fighting is commanded under battle conditions without proposing corresponding contents, does not have versatility;There is proposition to utilize radio frequency identification and wireless Data radio station realizes the aid decision of fire-fighting, which realizes position and the state information acquisition of personnel, and to environment Information is acquired, and real-time data transmission is carried out by wireless data transmission technology, is had centainly to fire-fighting operational commanding aid decision Informational support;But since Radio Frequency Identification Technology positioning accuracy is not high, it is not directed to simultaneously for outdoor location technology, this Outside, wireless digital broadcasting station is larger relative to general data transmission module volume, under actual combat state system, increases fire fighter Operation load, and the equipment cost of wireless digital broadcasting station and maintenance cost are also relatively high, do not have practicability and are applicable in Property;There is the operation tracking system and method proposed for scene of a fire fire fighter, realizes the indoor and outdoor positioning of fire fighter, propose The big method of inertial navigation indoor positioning accumulated error is solved, in combination with environment sensing and three-dimensional coordinate information, realization offsets Commander, scheduling and the guiding of anti-personnel, but the system similarly uses RFID tag identification technology, is deposited in positioning accuracy In certain limitation, due to constantly correcting the initial position of inertial navigation using indoor tag recognition module, and three-dimensional coordinate information It is had been written into when installing RF tag, once there are variation or loss in the fire fighting device position for being deployed with label, and it is fixed for interior Position can have a significant impact, and completed in addition, the indoor tomograph being related to all is modeling early period, cannot achieve showing for unknown building Field rapid modeling, for visual command scheduling, there is also certain limitations, do not have popularity and generality.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is exactly to have overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of intelligent fire operational commanding system System, by GPS, the Big Dipper, inertial navigation and the positioning of bluetooth indoor and outdoor, deep learning, machine training, three-dimensional modeling, wireless telecommunications, sensing The technologies such as device and data mining, real-time linkage answering alarm mechanism intelligently send strength of attack, obtain fire fighter position letter Breath, visual fire-fighting operational commanding, scientific and reasonable scheduling, the operation that coordinated type, full stack are provided for fire-fighting system refer to Platform is waved, safe, rapid, intelligentized rescue are realized, the people's lives and property safety has been ensured, has also really protected The inherently safe of fire fighter is demonstrate,proved.
A kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command of the utility model, including individual soldier's locating module, vital sign sensing module, Environmental perception module, communication module, primary processor;
Individual soldier's locating module, the interior for fire fighter and outdoor positioning;
The vital sign sensing module is used for the perception of fire fighter's vital sign;
The environmental perception module, including temperature sensor and humidity sensor are used for the monitoring of environment epidemic disaster;
Individual soldier's locating module, vital sign sensing module, environmental perception module pass through the communication module and institute State primary processor connection.
Further, which further includes the three-dimensional modeling mould for outdoor map sand table and indoor map three dimensional stress Block, data service center and mobile terminal;The three-dimensional modeling module is connect with primary processor or the data service center, institute Primary processor and the data service center data connection are stated, the mobile terminal connects with the data service center wireless data It connects.
Further, individual soldier's locating module includes GPS positioning submodule and/or the Big Dipper positioning for outdoor positioning Submodule;Further include the inertial navigation submodule and bluetooth submodule for indoor positioning.
Further, the vital sign sensing module, including heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer; The heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer pass through communication module and the primary processor data connection respectively.
Further, it is communicated by BLE mechanicss of communication or LoRa between the primary processor and the data processing centre Technology carries out Real Data Exchangs.
Further, the vital sign sensing module is integrated on portable bracelet.
Further, individual soldier's locating module is integrated on the individual device of fire fighter.
Further, the intelligent fire operational chain of command further includes fire-fighting link respond module, is used for fire-fighting fire behavior Real-time linkage obtain and plan of fire fighting real time inspection.
Further, the fire-fighting link respond module obtains real-time fire behavior information by the data service center, and Obtain water source, fire fighting device, traffic route, the rescue route information on scene of fire periphery.
Further, the mobile terminal includes mobile phone, tablet, electronic sand table.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:Location information, the life state information of fire-fighting inside fire attack personnel can be grasped in real time With fire field environment information;It can in real time be docked with fire-fighting system related system, visual query plan of fire fighting, grasp scene of fire Water source, fire fighting device, traffic route, rescue route and the evacuation route situation on periphery, meanwhile, this system is supported multi-platform aobvious Show, can be shown in mobile terminals such as mobile phone, tablet, electronic sand tables, meets different operational commanding personnel and use, be conducive to fight Commanding more rationally, the dispatch control of science;Real-time upload information is backed up and is deposited by this system data service center Storage makees technical support for fire-fighting combat exercise and actual combat discs, to trace to the source management and responsibility tracing provides data foundation, builds Linkageization, precision, intelligent fire-fighting operational chain of command.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show a kind of structural schematic diagram of intelligent fire operational chain of command of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 show the flow diagram that fire control and disaster rescue is carried out using the utility model.
Wherein:1- primary processors;2- individual soldier's locating module;3- vital sign sensing modules;4- environmental perception modules;5- tri- Tie up modeling module;6- communication modules;7- data service centers;8- mobile terminals.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model specific embodiment is described in detail below in conjunction with specific attached drawing.It should be noted that following implementations Example described in technical characteristic or technical characteristic combination be not construed as it is isolated, they can be combined with each other from And reach superior technique effect.In the attached drawing of following embodiments, the identical label that each attached drawing occurs represents identical spy Sign or component, can be applied in different embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command of the utility model, including individual soldier's locating module 2, life entity Levy sensing module 3, environmental perception module 4, communication module 6, three-dimensional modeling module 5, primary processor 1;Individual soldier's locating module 2, it is used for interior and the outdoor positioning of fire fighter;The vital sign sensing module 3 is used for the sense of fire fighter's vital sign Know;The environmental perception module 4, including temperature sensor and humidity sensor are used for the monitoring of environment epidemic disaster;Described three Modeling module 5 is tieed up, for outdoor map sand table and indoor map three dimensional stress;Individual soldier's locating module 2, vital sign perception Module 3, environmental perception module 4 are connect by the communication module 6 with the primary processor 1;Three-dimensional modeling module 5 can be direct It is connect with primary processor 1.
Preferably, which further includes data service center 7 and mobile terminal 8, and the primary processor 1 takes with the data 7 data connection of business center, the mobile terminal 8 and 7 wireless data connection of the data service center.The mobile terminal 8 wraps Include mobile phone, tablet, electronic sand table.Between the primary processor 1 and the data processing centre 7 by BLE mechanicss of communication or LoRa mechanicss of communication carry out Real Data Exchangs.Three-dimensional modeling module 5 can also be integrated on mobile terminal 8, mobile terminal 8 from Data service center 7 or primary processor 1 obtain scene of fire building or outdoor terrain figure information, are handled through three-dimensional modeling module 5 It is shown on mobile terminal 8 afterwards.
Preferably, individual soldier's locating module 2 includes GPS positioning submodule and/or the Big Dipper positioning for outdoor positioning Submodule;Further include the inertial navigation submodule and bluetooth submodule for indoor positioning.
Preferably, the vital sign sensing module 3, including heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer;Institute Heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer are stated respectively by communication module 6 and the primary processor data connection.
The vital sign sensing module 3 can be integrated on portable bracelet.Individual soldier's locating module 2, which can be integrated in, to disappear On the individual device of anti-personnel.
Preferably, the intelligent fire operational chain of command further includes fire-fighting link respond module, for fire-fighting fire behavior Real-time linkage obtains and the real time inspection of plan of fire fighting.The fire-fighting link respond module is obtained by the data service center Real-time fire behavior information, and obtain water source, fire fighting device, traffic route, the rescue route information on scene of fire periphery.
Included various modules, may be used existing mature technology in the utility model, or specific purpose is certainly Main research and development.Such as:Patent No. may be used in individual soldier's locating module 2:ZL201621222756.1, patent name:A kind of more work( Locating module in energy fire-fighting individual combat device;Indoor bluetooth+inertial navigation location technology may be used application No. is: CN201611193252.6, patent name:A kind of bluetooth trains the relevant art in the fire-fighting precision indoor localization method of inertial navigation; The effect of three-dimensional modeling module 5 is can to generate the tomograph of interior of building when inputting fire drawing of a building; When inputting conflagration area map, the sand table of outdoor map may be implemented;The dimensional Modeling Technology has been the existing of maturation Technology, such as:Application No. is CN201610824177.2, patent name is:Three-dimensional map models the fast linked wash with watercolours of surface layer profile Dyeing method, and application No. is CN201610877343.5, patent name is:A kind of field based on indoor three-dimensional modeling and positioning Dimensional Modeling Technology employed in scape generation method and system, so that it may to be applied in the utility model.It should be noted that The above-mentioned prior art enumerated is one kind of each module selection of the utility model, and the protection of the utility model is not limited with this Range, any correlation module with said function in the prior art, the protection model being understood to required by the utility model In enclosing.
In actual use, fire alarm information is received from data processing centre 7, is sent to vehicle, then arrive fire fighter The visual command scheduling branch of three-dimensional map is built in position when fire fighting and rescue and status information monitoring, the perception of environmental information It holds, forms complete detailed fire-fighting operational command system, as shown in Figure 2.Fire-fighting inside fire attack personnel, which wear, is integrated with individual soldier's positioning The outdoor positioning of the individual device of module 2, individual soldier's locating module 2 uses GPS and/or Big Dipper location technology, poor using the Big Dipper The technology of dividing, outdoor positioning precision can reach Centimeter Level;Indoor positioning relies on inertial navigation and bluetooth location technology, to further increase Indoor position accuracy, early period can constantly train inertial navigation by bluetooth, by the operation indicatrix of deep learning fire fighter, In the case where bluetooth indoor positioning can not be carried out, ensure the positioning accuracy of inertial navigation;Determine in addition, indoor and outdoor may be implemented in the application The seamless switching of position, while using the rearmost position information of the outdoor Big Dipper and GPS positioning as the initial position of indoor inertial navigation, breaking through Previous single positioning and the not high limitation of positioning accuracy really ensure that the fire-fighting under full ambient engine is fought positioning in real time, precisely finger It waves;Fire-fighting combatant wears the portable bracelet for being integrated with vital sign sensing module 3, is passed by heart rate sensor, temperature Sensor and pulse transducer acquire heart rate, body temperature, the respiratory rate data information of fire fighter in real time;In addition, in individual device Integrated environment sensing module 4 obtains the information such as humiture, the air pressure of ambient enviroment in real time;The fire fighter position of acquisition is believed Breath, vital sign information and environment sensing information etc. are handled by primary processor 1, then are communicated by BLE mechanicss of communication or LoRa Technological means carries out real-time Data Transmission with data service center 7.Primary processor 1 obtains scene of fire from data processing centre and builds The topographic map of the structure chart and neighboring area built builds the three-dimensional structure of scene of fire building in real time by three-dimensional modeling module 5 Map realizes that the sand table of outdoor map, the three dimensional stress of indoor map can quickly show in addition, relying on three-dimensional modeling engine Modeling, evade unknown building can not real-time three-dimensional modeling limitation;Fire-fighting operational commanding length checks fire by mobile terminal 8 Live building interior three-dimensional structure, convenient for visualization fire-fighting command scheduling;This system can be real-time with fire-fighting system related system Docking, visual query plan of fire fighting, grasp the water source on scene of fire periphery, fire fighting device, traffic route, rescue route and Evacuation route situation, meanwhile, this system supports multi-platform display, can be aobvious in mobile terminals such as mobile phone, tablet, electronic sand tables Show, meet different operational commanding personnel and use, be conducive to operational commanding personnel more rationally, the dispatch control of science.This system Real-time upload information is backed up and is stored by data service center 7, makees technical support for fire-fighting combat exercise and actual combat discs, To trace to the source management and responsibility tracing provides data foundation, linkageization, precision, intelligent fire-fighting operational chain of command are built.
Although having been presented for several embodiments of the utility model herein, those skilled in the art should manage Solution, in the case where not departing from the spirit of the present invention, can be changed the embodiments herein.Above-described embodiment only shows Example property, it should not be using the embodiments herein as the restriction of the utility model interest field.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command, which is characterized in that including individual soldier's locating module, vital sign sensing module, Environmental perception module, communication module, primary processor;
Individual soldier's locating module, the interior for fire fighter and outdoor positioning;
The vital sign sensing module is used for the perception of fire fighter's vital sign;
The environmental perception module includes the temperature sensor for monitoring of environmental temperature and the humidity for monitoring of environmental humidity Sensor;
Individual soldier's locating module, vital sign sensing module, environmental perception module pass through the communication module and the master Processor connects.
2. intelligent fire operational chain of command as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the system further includes for outdoor ground Three-dimensional modeling module, data service center and the mobile terminal of figure sand table and indoor map three dimensional stress;The three-dimensional modeling mould Block is connect with primary processor or the data service center, the primary processor and the data service center data connection, institute State mobile terminal and the data service center wireless data connection.
3. intelligent fire operational chain of command as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that individual soldier's locating module includes using Submodule is positioned in the GPS positioning submodule and/or the Big Dipper of outdoor positioning;Further include for indoor positioning inertial navigation submodule and Bluetooth submodule.
4. intelligent fire operational chain of command as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the vital sign sensing module, Including heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer;The heart rate sensor, body temperature transducer and pulse transducer point Do not pass through communication module and the primary processor data connection.
5. intelligent fire operational chain of command as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the primary processor and the data Real Data Exchangs are carried out by BLE mechanicss of communication or LoRa mechanicss of communication between processing center.
6. intelligent fire operational chain of command as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the vital sign sensing module collection At on portable bracelet.
7. intelligent fire operational chain of command as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that individual soldier's locating module is integrated in On the individual device of fire fighter.
8. intelligent fire operational chain of command as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that intelligent fire operational commanding system System further includes fire-fighting link respond module, and the real-time linkage for fire-fighting fire behavior obtains and the real time inspection of plan of fire fighting.
9. intelligent fire operational chain of command as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the fire-fighting link respond module is logical It crosses the data service center and obtains real-time fire behavior information, and obtain water source, fire fighting device, the roadway on scene of fire periphery Line, rescue route information.
10. intelligent fire operational chain of command as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the mobile terminal include mobile phone, Tablet, electronic sand table.
CN201721557639.5U 2017-11-20 2017-11-20 A kind of intelligent fire operational chain of command CN207677775U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109039363A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 黄佩媛 Wireless transmitting-receiving equipments for fire-fighting simulated training
CN110234075A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-13 滁州学院 Fireman's positioning and vital sign monitoring method under a kind of complexity emergency management and rescue environment
CN110570519A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-12-13 西南交通大学 Intelligent command system for emergency restoration of railway disasters and application method thereof
CN110694217A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-17 武汉德创天成科技发展有限公司 Fire extinguishing system based on artificial intelligence
CN111182451A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-19 李娜 Fire rescue system and method based on Bluetooth indoor positioning

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109039363A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 黄佩媛 Wireless transmitting-receiving equipments for fire-fighting simulated training
CN109039363B (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-12-13 南京大德科教设备有限公司 Wireless transceiver for fire-fighting simulation training
CN110234075A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-13 滁州学院 Fireman's positioning and vital sign monitoring method under a kind of complexity emergency management and rescue environment
CN110570519A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-12-13 西南交通大学 Intelligent command system for emergency restoration of railway disasters and application method thereof
CN110694217A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-17 武汉德创天成科技发展有限公司 Fire extinguishing system based on artificial intelligence
CN111182451A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-19 李娜 Fire rescue system and method based on Bluetooth indoor positioning

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