CN207656502U - A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change - Google Patents

A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207656502U
CN207656502U CN201721858244.9U CN201721858244U CN207656502U CN 207656502 U CN207656502 U CN 207656502U CN 201721858244 U CN201721858244 U CN 201721858244U CN 207656502 U CN207656502 U CN 207656502U
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China
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sand paper
shearing knife
pressing
driving
guide plate
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CN201721858244.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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周莉
郑振兴
杨永
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Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of integrated sand paper apparatus for automatic change, including the first transfer module, cutting module, the second transfer module and stickup module;Wherein, first transfer module includes material-storing box, sand paper guide plate and the first sand paper carrying mechanism;The module that cuts includes upper shearing knife, the first vertical driving mechanism, the lower shearing knife below upper shearing knife and the second vertical driving mechanism being located above sand paper guide plate side;Second transfer module includes paw, the rotary drive mechanism that driving paw makees the first clamp drive mechanism of fresh sand paper holding movement, driving paw makees the first level driving mechanism of horizontal stretching motion and driving paw rotates;The stickup module includes scraper, for coordinating the pressing clamping device for carrying out pressing clamping to new sand paper to mold core dispenser for dispensing glue, cavity plate and with cavity plate.This is set the carrying that can be automatically performed in sand paper replacement operation, shearing and pastes task.

Description

A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of automatic sanders, and in particular to a kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change.
Background technology
Sand paper automatic sander is a kind of equipment carrying out automatically grinding polishing to mold using sand paper, generally comprises mould The mechanical arm of core, the sand paper being pasted onto on mold core and driving mold core movement.Wherein, since sand paper is in the process of sanding and polishing In be constantly worn, it is therefore desirable to periodically carry out sand paper replacement operation, specifically, in the folder of hand type Pneumatic grinding machine A piece mold core is installed in head, is then fastened with glue one layer of sand paper in the appearance of mold core, sand paper often polish a period of time abrasion mistake After effect, needs that first old sand paper tears it down, then paste new sand paper.Since the sand paper replacement operation is related in cylindrical mould The actions such as the removal of old sand paper and the stickup of new sand paper are carried out on core, process is complex, more difficult by way of manipulator stickup It realizes, therefore, existing sand paper replacement operation is completed by manually, which has work at work The problems such as efficiency is low, bothersome laborious, safety is poor.
It can be automatically performed the above-mentioned sand paper for hand type Pneumatic grinding machine replacement sand paper task certainly therefore, it is necessary to a kind of Dynamic more changing device.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of integrated sand paper is provided and is more changed the outfit automatically It sets, which can be automatically performed more changing jobs for sand paper.
The utility model solve above-mentioned technical problem technical solution be:
A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change, including the first transfer module, cut module, the second transfer module and Stickup module;Wherein, first transfer module includes for storing the material-storing box of sand paper, being led positioned at the sand paper of material-storing box side Plate and the first sand paper carrying mechanism for being carried to the sand paper in material-storing box on sand paper guide plate;The cutting module includes Shearing knife is made the first vertical driving mechanism of vertical motion, is located in upper shearing knife, driving above sand paper guide plate side The lower shearing knife of lower shearing knife and driving below upper shearing knife makees the second vertical driving mechanism of vertical motion;Described second removes Fortune module includes paw, driving paw makees the first clamp drive mechanism of fresh sand paper holding movement, driving paw makees horizontal extension The rotary drive mechanism that the first level driving mechanism and driving paw of movement rotate;The stickup module includes using In the scraper for striking off old sand paper, for mold core dispenser for dispensing glue, cavity plate and with cavity plate cooperation for new sand paper into The pressing clamping device of row pressing clamping, wherein the cavity plate is equipped with groove.
One preferred embodiment of the utility model, wherein the first sand paper carrying mechanism includes vacuum cup, drives very The vertical driving mechanism of third that suction disk moves up and down, driving vacuum cup travel to and fro between the between material-storing box and sand paper guide plate Two horizontal drive mechanisms, wherein the vacuum cup is connect with negative pressure device.When work, the carrying of the first sand paper carrying mechanism Process is:After completing the carrying placement task of a upper sand paper, under the driving of the vertical driving mechanism of third, vacuum cup to Upper movement, then under the driving of the second horizontal drive mechanism, vacuum cup moves horizontally, from positioned at the top of sand paper guide plate Move to the top of material-storing box;Then, it vertically carries driving mechanism to act again, vacuum cup is moved downwardly to the upper of sand paper Side, under the action of negative pressure device, vacuum cup picks up sand paper, and then sand paper is carried on sand paper guide plate according to former route Side, last vacuum cup disconnect the suction-operated to sand paper, and sand paper is dropped down onto under gravity on sand paper guide plate, to complete Entire sand paper handling process.During being drawn to sand paper by above-mentioned apparatus, on the one hand, since vacuum cup is only to most The sand paper on upper layer has adsorption capacity, therefore can easily detach the sand paper of top layer with other sand paper, and guarantee is only removed every time A sand paper is transported, to meet the carrying demand of individual sand paper.For the mode manually carried, it can avoid leading to Separation has that separation is difficult and separation is slow between crossing finger realization sand paper, to improve handling efficiency;On the other hand, due to It is carried by way of fixed point location when work, therefore, sand paper has the advantages that accurate positioning after carrying, due to carrying The positioning accuracy of sand paper directly affects follow-up cutting and pastes precision afterwards, therefore the advantages of accurate positioning is automatic to entire sand paper It is most important for more changing device.
One preferred embodiment of the utility model, wherein the pressing clamping device includes two pressing pieces, driving two Two pressing pieces of the 4th vertical driving mechanism and driving that pressing piece makees vertical motion are made close to each other and are located remotely from each other movement The second clamp drive mechanism.When work, pressing clamping device carries out the preliminary fixation of sand paper successively and sand paper pressing pastes two The task of aspect, wherein the preliminary fixed operation of sand paper is:4th vertical driving mechanism action, two pressing pieces of driving are downward Movement is contacted with sand paper, and to carry out pine to the both ends of sand paper, fixed (pine fixation refers to can when external force reaches certain value Sand paper is pulled out into pressing piece);Then the mold core of sander is transported downwards under the driving of mechanical arm from the surface of groove port The dynamic sand paper for carrying out mold core lower part pastes task, wherein during sand paper is moved downward with mold core, the both ends of sand paper can be to Middle shrinkage and progressively disengage pressing piece, after the both ends of sand paper, which move to, completely disengages pressing piece, can itself toughness make It is upturned under, sand paper is between pressing piece and mold core at this time;Then, the 4th vertical driving mechanism carries out sand paper and presses pressure viscosity Patch task, specifically, under the driving of the second clamp drive mechanism, two pressing pieces are made movement close to each other and are contacted with sand paper, into And continue movement by sand paper pressing on mold core, then the second clamp drive mechanism and the 4th vertical driving mechanism act simultaneously, Two pressing pieces of driving are moved upwards close to the camber line of mold core, since two pressing pieces apply sand paper during moving upwards There is pressing force, therefore can be from the bottom up gradually by sand paper pressing on mold core;When two pressing pieces move to the top of mold core, Complete the stickup task of entire mold core.
One preferred embodiment of the utility model, wherein the paw is made of upper grip block and lower grip block, wherein Upper grip block and lower grip block are rectangular block, and the both ends of the rectangular block extend outward to form clamping part, the sand paper guide plate respectively Upper to be ordinatedly equipped with notch with the clamping part, when paw makees clamping sand paper movement, the clamping part is extend into notch.This The purpose of sample setting is that before above-mentioned notch is not arranged, when carrying out sand paper holding action, sand paper guide plate can be to holding action It causes to hinder, it is therefore necessary to which sand paper, which is stretched out sand paper guide plate a distance (distance forms the clamped portion of sand paper), to carry out Normal holding action;And by above-mentioned setting, sand paper is pressed from both sides when upper grip block and lower grip block make movement close to each other During holding, since notch, the clamping part energy of upper and lower grip block are ordinatedly equipped on sand paper guide plate with the clamping part It is enough to continue to make movement close to each other across sand paper guide plate, and then realize the clamping to sand paper, so that holding action is more square Just it carries out.
Preferably, the cutting module further includes hold-down mechanism, which is arranged in the top of sand paper guide plate, including Compact heap and driving compact heap make the 5th vertical driving mechanism of vertical motion.The purpose being arranged in this way is, is cut out when utilizing When shearing machine structure cuts sand paper, since the quality of sand paper is softer, when only one end of sand paper is fixed using paw, When cutting it is possible that the loose one end of swaging clamp phenomenon, i.e. sand paper adapts under the action of shearing knife cuts power Property deformation and be stuck between upper and lower shearing knife, so as to cause cut fail.After above-mentioned hold-down mechanism is set, when work, the Five vertical driving mechanism driving compact heaps, which move downward, realizes being fixed to the other end of sand paper, in this way, due to sand paper Both ends are all fixed, therefore the generation of above-mentioned swaging clamp phenomenon can be avoided when cutting, so that sand paper cuts work More successfully carry out.
Preferably, the vacuum cup is elastic telescopic pipe.When work, on the one hand, when the drive of the vertical driving mechanism of third It is dynamic outrange cause vacuum cup to be contacted with sand paper after when continuing to move downward, vacuum cup can carry out the contractile motion of itself It is adjusted, prevents collision phenomenon;On the other hand, can using vacuum cup can the characteristic of elastic shrinkage reduce The variation of dropping distance when being adsorbed to sand paper, specifically, each dropping distance of vacuum cup all immobilizes when work, this Sample, when beginning, when vacuum cup is contacted with sand paper and stops moving downward, the decrement of vacuum cup is maximum, later with The height of vacuum cup is gradually reduced, and the decrement of vacuum cup is also gradually reduced, but can still carry out normally adsorbing work Make, to greatly reduce the adjustment in handling process to dropping distance.
Preferably, the knife edge of the upper shearing knife is obliquely installed relative to the knife edge of lower shearing knife.The purpose being arranged in this way It is, due to relative tilt between the knife edge and the knife edge of lower shearing knife of upper shearing knife, the knife edge of two shearing knifes is mutual It passes through in close motion process and is gradually in contact, to realize that the gradual cutting to sand paper, benefit exist In for the mode cut quickly, which can be such that shearing force more concentrates, to make cutting Action be more prone to carry out, cutting effect it is more preferable.
Preferably, the knife edge of the upper shearing knife is obliquely installed, and the knife edge of lower shearing knife is horizontally disposed, wherein upper to cut The knife edge of knife moves closer to lower shearing knife in a lateral direction from bottom to top.The purpose being arranged in this way is, when upper cutting During knife moves downward, the bottom of the knife edge first moves to the side of lower shearing knife transverse direction, realizes to entirely descending shearing knife Position (is located in upper shearing knife and fixes side) by positioning, in this way, since the knife edge of upper shearing knife is from bottom to top in transverse direction Lower shearing knife is moved closer on direction, therefore can ensure to be cropped to above and below during the decline to fit closely at the time of contact, To preferably apply shearing force to sand paper, shear effect is more preferable.
One preferred embodiment of the utility model, wherein the groove is opening up half slot.When work, into When row sand paper pastes task, opening up half slot is responsible for the pressing task of mold core lower half circle, and pressing piece is responsible for mold core upper half Round pressing task.The purpose being arranged in this way is, since mold core moves downward above notch by pressing against sand paper, when recessed When slot is the circular groove more than semicircle, moving downward for mold core can be caused to hinder;And when groove is the circular groove less than semicircle, it removes It needs to apply upper half circular arc outside pressing force diagonally downward, it is also necessary to apply the pressing tilted upward to lower half arc section Power, since the force direction of two pressing forces is different, it is therefore desirable to corresponding force switching mechanism ability is added on pressing piece It is enough to realize, and the complicated of whole device can be caused by adding rotating mechanism;And when setting groove to half slot, it can Solve the problems, such as above two set-up mode, therefore good working effect.
Preferably, the pressing piece is rectangular block, wherein the bottom surface of rectangular block is press surface, and two rectangular blocks are opposite One side is clamping face, and the intersection between press surface and clamping face is pressing position.When work, the vertical driving mechanism of press surface It is moved downward under driving by sand paper pressing on cavity plate, clamping action line is in the 4th vertical driving mechanism and the first clamping driving machine It is moved always close to mold core under the driving of structure, to which sand paper pressing to be pasted onto on mold core.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows due to It presses position and is the intersection (i.e. the crest line of rectangular block bottom) of press surface and clamping face, therefore can realize to mold core upper semi-circle The each point pressing stickup effect of cambered surface, specifically, when pressing the crest line that position is rectangular base, the starting point of pressing effect The as separation of the upper lower half circle of mold core, the track for pressing movement is semi arch, so as to on mold core upper half circular arc All the points are pressed;And when pressing the crest line that position is non-rectangle bottom, such as when press surface is arc surface, pressing work When with line being the line on arc surface, the starting point of pressing effect be on mold core upper half circular arc a bit, press position at this time Track is smaller part circular arc, therefore occurs pressing missed point on mold core upper half arc surface in this case, therefore is pressed ineffective.
The operation principle of the utility model is:
When work, the sand paper in material-storing box is moved under the carrying of the first carrying mechanism on sand paper guide plate, due to Sand paper when pasting required size it is smaller, and the size of the sand paper supplied is larger, it is therefore desirable to the sand paper on sand paper guide plate into Row is cut, which completes with cutting module and the second transfer module, and the specific step that cuts is:When work, hand Pawl first moves at sand paper guide plate and the sand paper on guide plate is clamped, and is then clamped under the driving of first level driving mechanism It sand paper and makees the direction movement certain distance far from sand paper guide plate, the size of sand paper after the corresponding cutting of the distance;Then, upper cutting Knife and lower ability shearing knife make the phase of vertical direction under the driving of the first vertical driving mechanism and the second vertical driving mechanism respectively To movement, two shearing knifes contact with each other during movement, to realize the cutting of sand paper.
After completing sand paper cutting task, the first clamp drive mechanism, first level driving mechanism in the second carrying mechanism And rotating mechanism acts successively, the upper surface that the sand paper after cutting is transported to cavity plate in stickup module from cutting module carries out Stickup task.Specifically paste operation is:
When work, under the driving of mechanical arm, the mold core of sander first moves at old sand paper removal module position, leads to It crosses and carries out the mode of multiple-contact friction between scraper and realize and strike off the old sand paper on mold core;Then the mold core of sander is again Move to progress dispensing at dispensing module position, wherein while dispenser carries out dispensing to mold core, mechanical arm drives mould Core rotates, so that glue can be uniformly distributed on the cylindrical surface of mold core;The mold core of last sander moves again The stickup task of new sand paper is carried out to new sand paper stickup module position, specifically, mold core first moves to the top of groove, then It moves downwardly to by the sand paper pressed against on groove and is bonded with groove, during the bonding process, it is real that mold core applies pressing force to sand paper Now with the stickup of sand paper, to complete the stickup task of mold core lower part, then, pressing clamping device acts, by the surplus of sand paper Remaining part is pressed in the upper part of mold core, so as to complete the stickup task of entire sand paper.
The utility model has advantageous effect below compared with prior art:
1, the integrated apparatus for automatic change of the utility model can be automatically performed carrying, shearing in sand paper replacement operation And task is pasted, due to all need not manually be participated in during entire replacement operation, can overcome by being accomplished manually The problems such as existing working efficiency is low, bothersome laborious, safety is poor when replacement task.
2, a kind of sand paper of the utility model cuts handling device when sand paper is cut by along far from sand paper guide plate The mode that direction moves one section of fixed range realizes the control to sand paper size, since the distance moved every time is identical, The size of sand paper can be consistent substantially after cutting, and for the mode of hand cutting, the operation is more convenient and cuts Accuracy higher.
3, a kind of sand paper of the utility model, which cuts handling device, can carry out the sand paper after cutting turning for fixed point location Work is moved and carried, therefore completes the ideal position when sand paper after carrying can be placed on sand paper stickup, so that after Continuous sand paper sticking effect is more preferable.
4, it when sand paper is pasted, needs to fasten stickup to adhesive surface application pressing force so that sand paper can be realized, due to The adhesive surface of mold core is cylindrical surface, therefore the direction of the pressing force needs constantly to change, so that application work difficulty is big, As the technical barrier of this field.And the sand paper apparatus for automatic change of the utility model by cavity plate and pressing piece co-operatively Apply pressing force step by step, i.e., is only appointed by the way that mold core pressing can be realized as to the stickup of mold core lower part in the groove of recessed film Business only moves upwards the stickup task that can be realized as mold core top, therefore by control pressing piece according to specified route It has well solved cylindrical surface mold core and has pasted difficult problem, and entire paste has the advantages that easy to operate, convenient, therefore design It is ingenious.
5, during stickup, due to pressing piece and cavity plate is larger to the pressing force of sand paper and pressing is uniform, sand Paper can be bonded with mold core well, so that sticking effect is good.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of three-dimensional knot of a specific implementation mode of integrated sand paper apparatus for automatic change of the utility model Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram at another visual angle of integrated sand paper apparatus for automatic change shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of the first transfer module in Fig. 1, wherein wherein, Fig. 1 transports for vacuum cup Move dimensional structure diagram when being ready for sand paper absorption to material-storing box top;Fig. 2 is that vacuum cup moves to sand paper guide plate Top prepares to remove sand paper into dimensional structure diagram when being placed on sand paper guide plate.
Fig. 5 is the dimensional structure diagram that module is cut in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram that module and the second transfer module are cut in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the working state figure when paw carries out sand paper clamping in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram of stickup module in Fig. 2.
Fig. 9 is the working state figure when mold core carries out dispensing in Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is that the structure in Fig. 5 when the knife edge of upper shearing knife is obliquely installed, the knife edge of lower shearing knife is horizontally disposed is shown It is intended to.
Figure 11 and Figure 12 is upper shearing knife and lower shearing knife width direction sectional view in Fig. 5, wherein Figure 11 is upper shearing knife With lower shearing knife not in contact with when configuration state figure;Configuration state figure when Figure 12 is upper shearing knife and the contact of lower shearing knife.
Pressing original state figure in the stickup module that Figure 13 is Fig. 8 when pusher wire is the corner angle of rectangle.
Pressing original state figure in the stickup module that Figure 14 is Fig. 8 when press surface is cylindrical surface.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the embodiments and the accompanying drawings, but the implementation of the utility model Mode is without being limited thereto.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 7, a kind of integrated sand paper apparatus for automatic change of the utility model include the first transfer module 1, Cut module 2, the second transfer module 3 and stickup module 4;Wherein, first transfer module 1 includes for storing sand paper Material-storing box 1-1, positioned at the sand paper guide plate 1-2 of material-storing box 1-1 sides and for the sand paper 5 in material-storing box 1-1 to be carried to sand The first sand paper carrying mechanism 1-3 on paper guide plate 1-2;The module 2 that cuts includes upper above the sides sand paper guide plate 1-2 Shearing knife 2-1 makees the first vertical driving mechanism 2-2 of vertical motion, is located at below upper shearing knife 2-1 on shearing knife 2-1, driving Lower shearing knife 2-3 and the lower shearing knife 2-3 of driving make the second vertical driving mechanism 2-4 of vertical motion;Described second carries Module 3 includes that paw 3-1, driving paw 3-1 make the first clamp drive mechanism 3-2 of 5 clamping movement of new sand paper, driving paw 3- The 1 rotary drive mechanism 3-4 for making the first level driving mechanism 3-3 of horizontal stretching motion and paw being driven to rotate; The stickup module 4 includes scraper 4-1 for striking off old sand paper 5, for 6 dispenser 4-2 for dispensing glue of mold core, cavity plate 4- The 3 and pressing clamping device 4-4 with cavity plate 4-3 cooperations for carrying out pressing clamping to new sand paper 5, wherein on the cavity plate Equipped with groove.
Referring to 3, the material-storing box 1-1 is the rectangular box of upper opening, two relative sides tool of the sand paper guide plate 1-2 There is rib, other two relative side forms opening.The material-storing box 1-1 of rectangle is consistent with the shape size of sand paper 5, realizes to sand The accurate positionin of paper 5, both sides with rib, in addition sand paper guide plate 1-2 of the both sides with opening can to the two sides of sand paper 5 into Row positioning, while moving convenient for allowing sand paper 5 to be translated from both sides.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the first sand paper carrying mechanism 1-3 includes vacuum cup 1-31, driving vacuum cup 1-31 The vertical driving mechanism 1-32 of third, the driving vacuum cup 1-31 to move up and down travels to and fro between material-storing box 1-1 and sand paper guide plate 1-2 Between the second horizontal drive mechanism 1-33, wherein the vacuum cup 1-31 is connect with negative pressure device.When work, the first sand The handling process of paper carrying mechanism 1-3 is:After completing the carrying placement task of a upper sand paper 5, drive is vertically carried in third Under the driving of motivation structure, vacuum cup 1-31 is moved upwards, and then under the driving of the second horizontal drive mechanism 1-33, vacuum is inhaled Disk 1-31 moves horizontally, from the upper direction positioned at sand paper guide plate 1-2 to the top of material-storing box 1-1;Then, third is vertically driven Motivation structure 1-32 is acted again, and vacuum cup 1-31 is moved downwardly to the top of sand paper 5, under the action of negative pressure device, vacuum Sucker 1-31 picks up sand paper 5, then sand paper 5 is carried to above sand paper guide plate 1-2 according to former route, last vacuum cup 1- 31 disconnect the suction-operated to sand paper 5, and sand paper 5 is dropped down onto under gravity on sand paper guide plate 1-2, to complete entire sand paper 5 handling processes.During being drawn to sand paper 5 by above-mentioned apparatus, on the one hand, since vacuum cup 1-31 is only to most upper The sand paper 5 of layer has adsorption capacity, therefore can easily detach the sand paper of top layer 5 with other sand paper 5, and guarantee is only removed every time A sand paper 5 is transported, to meet the carrying demand of individual sand paper 5.For the mode manually carried, it can avoid Separation has that separation is difficult and it is slow to detach between realizing sand paper 5 by finger, to improve handling efficiency;On the other hand, It is carried by way of fixed point location when due to work, sand paper 5 has the advantages that accurate positioning after carrying, by The positioning accuracy of sand paper 5 directly affects follow-up cutting and pastes precision after carrying, therefore to entire the advantages of the accurate positioning It is most important for 5 apparatus for automatic change of sand paper.
Referring to Fig. 3, the vacuum cup 1-31 is elastic telescopic pipe.When work, on the one hand, when the vertical driving mechanism of third Driving outrange cause vacuum cup 1-31 to be contacted with sand paper 5 after when continuing to move downward, vacuum cup 1-31 can be carried out Itself contractile motion is adjusted, and prevents collision phenomenon;On the other hand, can using vacuum cup 1-31 can bullet Property the variation of characteristic dropping distance when adsorb to sand paper 5 to reduce shunk, specifically, when work vacuum cup 1-31 is every time Dropping distance all immobilizes, in this way, when starting, when vacuum cup 1-31 is contacted with sand paper 5 and stops moving downward, vacuum The decrement of sucker 1-31 is maximum, later as the height of vacuum cup 1-31 is gradually reduced, the decrement of vacuum cup 1-31 Also it is gradually reduced, but can still carry out normally adsorbing work, to greatly reduce in handling process to dropping distance Adjustment.
Referring to Fig. 7, the paw 3-1 is made of upper grip block and lower grip block, wherein upper grip block and lower grip block are The both ends of rectangular block, the rectangular block extend outward to form clamping part respectively, coordinate with the clamping part on the sand paper guide plate 1-2 Ground is equipped with notch, and when paw 3-1, which makees clamping sand paper 5, to be moved, the clamping part is extend into notch.The purpose being arranged in this way exists In, before above-mentioned notch is not arranged, when carrying out 5 holding action of sand paper, sand paper guide plate 1-2 can be caused to hinder to holding action, Therefore sand paper 5 must be stretched out to sand paper guide plate 1-2 a distances (distance forms the clamped portion of sand paper 5) could carry out normally Holding action;And by above-mentioned setting, when upper grip block and lower grip block make what sand paper 5 was clamped in movement close to each other In the process, due to being ordinatedly equipped with notch, the clamping part energy of upper and lower grip block on sand paper guide plate 1-2 with the clamping part It is enough to continue to make movement close to each other across sand paper guide plate 1-2, and then realize the clamping to sand paper 5, so that holding action is more Add and facilitates progress.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the pressing clamping device 4-4 includes two two pressing piece 4-41, driving pressing pieces 4-41 make vertical motion two pressing piece 4-41 of the 4th vertical driving mechanism 4-42 and driving make it is close to each other and mutually remote The second clamp drive mechanism 4-43 from movement.When work, pressing clamping device 4-4 carry out successively sand paper 5 it is preliminary it is fixed with The pressing of sand paper 5 paste of both task, wherein the preliminary fixed operation of sand paper 5 is:4th vertical driving mechanism 4-42 is dynamic Make, two pressing piece 4-41 of driving are moved downward and contacted with sand paper 5, and to carry out pine to the both ends of sand paper 5, fixed (loose fixation is Sand paper 5 can pulled out pressing piece 4-41 by finger when external force reaches certain value);Then the mold core 6 of sander is in manipulator The 5 stickup task of sand paper for carrying out 6 lower part of mold core is moved downward right over groove port under the driving of arm, wherein sand paper 5 with During mold core 6 moves downward, the both ends of sand paper 5 can progressively disengage pressing piece 4-41 to middle shrinkage, when the two of sand paper 5 End motion can be upturned, sand paper 5 is located at pressing piece at this time to after completely disengaging pressing piece 4-41 under the toughness effect of itself Between 4-41 and mold core 6;Then, the 4th vertical driving mechanism 4-42 carries out sand paper 5 and presses stickup task, specifically, second Under the driving of clamp drive mechanism 4-43, two pressing piece 4-41 make movement close to each other and are contacted with sand paper 5, and then continuing movement will Sand paper 5 presses on mold core 6, and then the second clamp drive mechanism 4-43 and the 4th vertical driving mechanism 4-42 are acted simultaneously, drives It moves two pressing piece 4-41 to move upwards close to the camber line of mold core 6, due to 4-41 pairs of two pressing piece during moving upwards Sand paper 5 is applied with pressing force, therefore can be from the bottom up gradually by the pressing of sand paper 5 on mold core 6;When two pressing piece 4-41 movements To mold core 6 top when, that is, complete the stickup task of entire mold core.
Referring to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the cutting module 2 further includes hold-down mechanism, which is arranged in sand paper guide plate 1-2 Top, including compact heap 2-5 and driving compact heap 2-5 make the 5th vertical driving mechanism 2-6 of vertical motion.It is arranged in this way Purpose be, when being cut to sand paper 5 using cutting mechanism, since the quality of sand paper 5 is softer, when utilize paw 3-1 When only one end of sand paper 5 being fixed, when cutting it is possible that swaging clamp phenomenon, i.e. 5 loose one end of sand paper exist Shearing knife occurs adaptability deformation and is stuck between upper and lower shearing knife 2-3 under the action of cutting power, fails so as to cause cutting. After above-mentioned hold-down mechanism 2-5 is arranged, when work, the 5th vertical driving mechanism 2-6 drivings compact heap 2-5 moves downward realization To being fixed for the other end of sand paper 5, in this way, the both ends due to sand paper 5 are all fixed, can be kept away when cutting Exempt from the generation of above-mentioned swaging clamp phenomenon, is more successfully carried out so that sand paper 5 cuts work.
Referring to Figure 10, the knife edge of the upper shearing knife 2-1 is obliquely installed relative to the knife edge of lower shearing knife 2-3.It sets in this way The purpose set is, since relative tilt between the knife edge and the knife edge of lower shearing knife 2-3 of upper shearing knife 2-1, two is cut The knife edge of knife passes through in motion process close to each other to be gradually in contact, to realize to sand paper 5 by It gradually cuts, is advantageous in that, for the mode cut quickly, which can make shearing force more Concentrate, to make cutting action be more prone to carry out, cutting effect it is more preferable.
Referring to Figure 11 and 12, the knife edge of the upper shearing knife 2-1 is obliquely installed, and the knife edge of lower shearing knife 2-3 is horizontally disposed, Wherein, the knife edge of upper shearing knife 2-1 moves closer to lower shearing knife 2-3 in a lateral direction from bottom to top.It is arranged in this way Purpose is, during upper shearing knife 2-1 is moved downward, the bottom of the knife edge first moves to lateral one of lower shearing knife 2-3 Side is realized to entirely descending the positioning of shearing knife 2-3 (position is located in upper shearing knife 2-1 and fixes side), in this way, due to upper sanction The knife edge of scissors 2-1 moves closer to lower shearing knife 2-3 in a lateral direction from bottom to top, therefore during the decline can Enough to ensure that upper and lower be cropped to fits closely at the time of contact, to preferably apply shearing force to sand paper 5, shear effect is more preferable.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 7, the first clamp drive mechanism 3-2 and the second clamp drive mechanism 4-43 are by finger cylinder structure At, wherein the upper grip block and lower grip block or two pressing piece 4-41 are connect with two fingers of finger cylinder respectively.Work When, under the driving of finger cylinder, upper grip block and lower clamping work or two pressing piece 4-41 movements close to each other are realized to sand The clamping of paper 5;It is located remotely from each other release of the movement realization to sand paper 5.The rotary drive mechanism 3-4 is made of rotary cylinder, It is connected by the second link block between the cylinder body and the rotating output shaft of rotary cylinder of the first flexible cylinder.When work, rotation The rotating output shaft of rotaring cylinder rotates, and drives telescopic cylinder and the finger cylinder on telescopic cylinder and paw 3-1 rotations, to Realize the rotary motion of paw 3-1.The purpose being arranged in this way is, since rotary cylinder can bear larger driving load, Therefore telescopic cylinder, finger cylinder and paw 3-1 can be driven to rotate together.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 7, the first vertical driving mechanism 2-2, the second vertical driving mechanism 2-4, third vertically drive Mechanism 1-32, first level carrying mechanism and the second horizontal carrying mechanism are made of cylinder or electromagnet.When work, cylinder The movement of the telescopic rod of telescopic rod or electromagnet drives upper shearing knife 2-1, lower shearing knife 2-3, vacuum cup 1-31, claw and presses Briquetting makees stretching motion.
Referring to Fig. 8, the groove is opening up half slot.When work, when carrying out the stickup task of sand paper 5, opening Half slot upward is responsible for the pressing task of 6 lower half circle of mold core, and pressing piece 4-41 is responsible for the pressing task of 6 upper semi-circle of mold core.This The purpose of sample setting is, since mold core 6 is moved downward from notch above by pressing against sand paper 5, when groove is more than semicircle Circular groove when, moving downward for mold core 6 can be caused to hinder;And when groove is the circular groove less than semicircle, in addition to needing to upper Semi arch applies outside pressing force diagonally downward, it is also necessary to apply the pressing force tilted upward to lower half arc section, due to two The force direction of pressing force is different, it is therefore desirable to and corresponding force switching mechanism is added on pressing piece 4-41 to be realized, And the complicated of whole device can be caused by adding rotating mechanism;And when setting groove to half slot, can overcome on The problem of stating two kinds of set-up modes, therefore good working effect.
Referring to Figure 13 and Figure 14, the pressing piece 4-41 be rectangular block, wherein the bottom surface of rectangular block be press surface, two The opposite one side of rectangular block is clamping face, and the intersection between press surface and clamping face is pressing position.When work, press surface is perpendicular It is moved downward under to the driving of driving mechanism by the pressing of sand paper 5 on cavity plate 4-3, clamping action line is in the 4th vertical driving mechanism It is moved always close to mold core 6 under the driving of 4-42 and the first clamp drive mechanism 3-2, to which the pressing of sand paper 5 is pasted onto mold core 6 On.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows due to intersection (the i.e. rib of rectangular block bottom that pressing position is press surface and clamping face Line), therefore can realize each point pressing stickup effect to 6 upper half arc surface of mold core, specifically, when pressing position is rectangle When the crest line of bottom, the starting point of pressing effect is the separation of the upper lower half circle of mold core 6, and the track for pressing movement is semicircle Arc, so as to press all the points on 6 upper half circular arc of mold core;And when the crest line that pressing position is non-rectangle bottom When, such as when press surface is arc surface, pressing position is the line on arc surface, the starting point of pressing effect is on mold core 6 On semi arch a bit, the track for pressing position at this time is smaller part circular arc, therefore is gone out on mold core upper half arc surface in this case Missed point is now pressed, therefore is pressed ineffective.
The operation principle of the utility model is:
When work, the sand paper 5 in material-storing box 1-1 moves to sand paper guide plate 1-2 under the carrying of the first carrying mechanism On, required size is smaller when being pasted due to sand paper 5, and the size of the sand paper 5 supplied is larger, it is therefore desirable to sand paper guide plate 1- Sand paper 5 on 2 is cut, which completes with cutting module 2 and the second transfer module 3, specific to cut step Suddenly it is:When work, paw 3-1 is first moved at sand paper guide plate 1-2 and the sand paper 5 on guide plate is clamped, then in the first water It holds sand paper 5 under the driving of flat driving mechanism 1-33 and makees the direction movement certain distance far from sand paper guide plate 1-2, this is apart from right The size of sand paper 5 after should cutting;Then, upper shearing knife 2-1 and lower ability shearing knife are respectively in the first vertical driving mechanism 2-2 and Make the relative motion of vertical direction under the driving of two vertical driving mechanism 2-4, two shearing knifes contact with each other during movement, To realize the cutting of sand paper 5.
After completing 5 cutting task of sand paper, the first clamp drive mechanism 3-2, first level driving in the second carrying mechanism Mechanism 3-3 and rotating mechanism act successively, and the sand paper 5 after cutting is transported to cavity plate 4- in stickup module 4 from module 2 is cut 3 upper surface carries out stickup task.Specifically paste operation is:
When work, under the driving of mechanical arm, the mold core 6 of sander first moves to old sand paper 5 and removes at module position, It is realized by way of carrying out multiple-contact friction between scraper 4-1 and strikes off the old sand paper 5 on mold core 6;Then sander Mold core 6 move at dispensing module position progress dispensing again, wherein while dispenser 4-2 carries out dispensing to mold core 6, Mechanical arm driving mold core 6 rotates, so that glue can be uniformly distributed on the cylindrical surface of mold core 6;Finally beat The mold core 6 of grinding machine moves to the stickup task that new sand paper 5 is carried out at 5 stickup module of new sand paper, 4 position again, and specifically, mold core 6 is first The top of groove is moved to, then moves downwardly to by the sand paper 5 pressed against on groove and is bonded with groove, during the bonding process, Mold core 6 applies sand paper 5 stickup of pressing force realization and sand paper 5, and the stickup task to complete 6 lower part of mold core is then pressed Clamping device 4-4 actions are pressed, by the remainder pressing of sand paper 5 in the upper part of mold core 6, so as to complete the viscous of entire sand paper 5 Patch task.
Above-mentioned is the preferable embodiment of the utility model, but the embodiment of the utility model is not by the above Limitation, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the utility model under principle made by changes, modify, substitute, combine, simple Change, should be equivalent substitute mode, be included within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change, which is characterized in that removed including the first transfer module, cutting module, second Transport module and stickup module;Wherein, first transfer module includes for storing the material-storing box of sand paper, being located at by material-storing box The sand paper guide plate of side and the first sand paper carrying mechanism for being carried to the sand paper in material-storing box on sand paper guide plate;The sanction Cut-off-die block includes that upper shearing knife, the upper shearing knife of driving for being located above sand paper guide plate side are made the first of vertical motion and vertically driven The lower shearing knife of mechanism, the lower shearing knife below upper shearing knife and driving makees the second vertical driving mechanism of vertical motion; Second transfer module includes paw, paw is driven to make the first clamp drive mechanism of fresh sand paper holding movement, driving paw The rotary drive mechanism made the first level driving mechanism of horizontal stretching motion and paw is driven to rotate;The stickup Module includes scraper for striking off old sand paper, for being used for mold core dispenser for dispensing glue, cavity plate and with cavity plate cooperation The pressing clamping device of pressing clamping is carried out to new sand paper, wherein the cavity plate is equipped with groove.
2. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first sand paper carrying implement Structure includes vacuum cup, the vertical driving mechanism of third for driving vacuum cup to move up and down, vacuum cup is driven to travel to and fro between storage The second horizontal drive mechanism between magazine and sand paper guide plate, wherein the vacuum cup is connect with negative pressure device.
3. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the pressing clamping device packet Include two pressing pieces, two pressing pieces of driving make the 4th vertical driving mechanism of vertical motion and two pressing pieces is driven to make phase The second clamp drive mechanism that is mutually close and being located remotely from each other movement.
4. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the paw is by upper grip block It is constituted with lower grip block, wherein above grip block and lower grip block are rectangular block, and the both ends of the rectangular block extend outward to form respectively Clamping part is ordinatedly equipped with notch on the sand paper guide plate with the clamping part, when paw makees clamping sand paper movement, the folder The portion of holding is extend into notch.
5. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the cutting module further includes Hold-down mechanism, which is arranged makees vertical motion in the top of sand paper guide plate, including compact heap and driving compact heap 5th vertical driving mechanism.
6. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the vacuum cup is elasticity Telescoping tube.
7. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the knife edge of the upper shearing knife The knife edge relative to lower shearing knife is obliquely installed.
8. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the knife edge of the upper shearing knife Be obliquely installed, the knife edge of lower shearing knife is horizontally disposed, wherein the knife edge of upper shearing knife from bottom to top in a lateral direction by Gradually close to lower shearing knife.
9. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the groove is opening up Half slot.
10. integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the pressing piece is rectangle Block, wherein the bottom surface of rectangular block is press surface, and the opposite one side of two rectangular blocks is clamping face, between press surface and clamping face Intersection be pressing position.
CN201721858244.9U 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change Expired - Fee Related CN207656502U (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721858244.9U CN207656502U (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107932330A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-20 广东技术师范学院 A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107932330A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-20 广东技术师范学院 A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change
CN107932330B (en) * 2017-12-26 2019-11-12 广东技术师范大学 A kind of integration sand paper apparatus for automatic change

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