CN207656435U - The round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer - Google Patents

The round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207656435U
CN207656435U CN201721728240.9U CN201721728240U CN207656435U CN 207656435 U CN207656435 U CN 207656435U CN 201721728240 U CN201721728240 U CN 201721728240U CN 207656435 U CN207656435 U CN 207656435U
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plate
ball
grinding
screw
slide unit
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CN201721728240.9U
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杨昊
杨阳
董海杰
杭鑫渊
杭舜
朱培达
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Wuxi Shangji Automation Co Ltd
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Wuxi Shangji Automation Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer, its completion that multiple tracks grinding process can be integrated in one, reduce the quantity of operation employee, alleviate labor intensity, and it improves work efficiency and Grinding Machining Quality, to realize reduction production cost, the purpose of economic benefit is increased;It is upper in loading and unloading mobile device on lathe bed, blanking slide unit is respectively arranged in lathe bed one end both sides by first straight line guide rail, workbench is connected on supporting rack, workbench bottom is equipped with the top axle bed being oppositely arranged, come directly towards the first servo motor that axle bed is equipped with top axis and the axis rotation of driving top, the top axle bed for being fixed on the corresponding side of the first driving mechanism of workbench bottom is connected, lathe bed both sides are separately installed with slide plate, grinding attachment is housed on slide plate, grinding attachment includes loaded on the grinding head stand column on slide plate, skive is installed in grinding head stand column and drives the alternating-current variable frequency motor of skive rotary grinding.

Description

The round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer
Technical field
The utility model is related to numerically-controlled machine tool technical field of automation, specially a kind of round as a ball one of numerical control grinding surface chamfer Machine.
Background technology
In the manufacturing field of the main element silicon chip of solar energy generation technology, for its semifinished material silico briquette Grinding, current domestic each manufacturer can respectively be carried out using three kinds of Double End flour milling machine, beveler, spheronizator equipment Flour milling, chamfering, round as a ball processing, but use its grinding process of these three equipment relatively more, grinding efficiency is low and is ground matter Amount is poor, while needing to complete using relatively greater number of operation employee, and labor intensity is also big, to directly affect enterprise Production cost and economic benefit.
Utility model content
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the utility model provides a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer, multiple tracks can be ground Cut manufacturing procedure to be integrated in one completion, reduce the quantity of operation employee, alleviate labor intensity, and improve work efficiency with And Grinding Machining Quality increases the purpose of economic benefit to realize reduction production cost.
Its technical solution is such:A kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer comprising lathe bed, it is characterised in that: The lathe bed is equipped with loading and unloading mobile device, and the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit in the loading and unloading mobile device pass through first The linear guide is respectively arranged in described lathe bed one end both sides, and supporting rack is housed by column on the lathe bed, and workbench passes through the Two the linear guides and the first ball screw assembly, are connected on support frame as described above, and the workbench bottom is filled by third the linear guide There are the top axle bed being oppositely arranged, the top axle bed to be equipped with top axis and the first servo electricity of the driving top axis rotation Machine, the top axle bed for being fixed on the corresponding side of the first driving mechanism of the workbench bottom are connected, the bed Body both sides are separately installed with slide plate by the 4th the linear guide, grinding attachment are housed on the slide plate, the grinding attachment includes Loaded on the grinding head stand column on the slide plate, skive and the driving skive are installed in the grinding head stand column The alternating-current variable frequency motor of rotary grinding.
It is further characterized by:
The loading and unloading mobile device further includes the first bottom plate being set on the lathe bed, is equipped on first bottom plate The first straight line guide rail, the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit are respectively arranged in the lathe bed by the first straight line guide rail One end both sides, the second ball-screw, third ball-screw respectively it is corresponding be set in the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit bottom the In one nut seat, second ball-screw and third ball-screw one end end close to each other pass through on first bottom plate Shared bearing block support, second ball-screw, the third ball-screw other end end pass through first bottom respectively The bearing block support at plate both ends, second ball-screw, third ball-screw outer end be set with first pulley, it is described First bottom plate both ends are also equipped with the second servo motor by connecting plate for electric motor respectively, divide on second servo motor output shaft Not Zhuan You the second belt wheel, connected by belt between the first pulley, the second belt wheel;
It is set with bearing in the bearing block and shared bearing block;It is respectively arranged with sense on the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit Inductive switch;The corresponding feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit first bottom plate both ends side be mounted on water fender, under described The water fender both sides at material slide unit are equipped with laser measuring head;Corresponding first bottom plate one of the feeding slide unit Corresponding the first bottom plate end side of side end, the blanking slide unit and the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit Between be respectively connected with protective cover, the protective cover uses organ type bellows;
Positioning clamping device is housed, the positioning clamping device includes being set to the feeding slide unit on the feeding slide unit On first base, connecting plate is housed, the connecting plate bottom is equipped with electronic by electric pushrod seat in the first base Push rod, on the connecting plate along its length on be provided with elongated slot, the electric pushrod is connected with the first connecting seat lower part, institute It states the first connecting seat top to connect with the wedge on the connecting plate across the elongated slot, the side of the first supporting plate is rolled equipped with bolt Needle bearing, and be positioned on the inclined-plane of the wedge by the bolt needle bearing, one end of the first base is equipped with admittedly Determine top headstock, the other end of the first base is equipped with the 5th the linear guide towards connecting plate direction movement setting, clamps Top headstock is installed in the 5th the linear guide, the fixed top headstock, clamping top along the electric pushrod direction of motion The 6th the linear guide is both provided on the opposite end face of headstock, fixed top, clamping top, correspondence is installed on the described 6th respectively In the linear guide, holds out against cylinder and the clamping top headstock is connected to by link block;
Cavity is equipped in the first base, the electric pushrod seat, electric pushrod, the first connecting seat may be contained within described In cavity, the connecting plate is loaded in the first base above the cavity;First supporting plate, which is equipped with, places workpiece Support plate, the support plate use withered tree plate;It is fixed with positioning column on the connecting plate of first supporting plate side, it is described The height of positioning column is higher than the floor height of first supporting plate;It is equipped with groove, the spiral shell in the inclined-plane lower end of the wedge Bolt needle bearing is placed in the groove;The clamping top headstock is installed on the first sliding block of the 7th the linear guide, institute It states and contact measurement head is housed in the 7th the linear guide;
Blanking device is housed, the blanking device includes second be set on the blanking slide unit on the blanking slide unit Pedestal is equipped with lifting cylinder in the second base, frame-type is equipped in the second base of the lifting cylinder periphery Holder, the holder peripheral closure are equipped with cylinder case, and the piston rod of the lifting cylinder is connected with top plate, and is supported on the branch On frame;The second L-shaped supporting plate is installed, the material of second supporting plate uses nylon material on the top plate;The lifting The lifting force of cylinder is more than 1.5 times of workpiece its own gravity;
Centralising device is housed, the centralising device includes on the column above at the first straight line guide rail charging The second bottom plate being fixed on the column is equipped with the 8th the linear guide on second bottom plate, is led in the 8th straight line Rail both ends are equipped with clamping jaw pair by the second sliding block respectively, and second bottom plate is equipped with gear, and one end of two toothed racks is distinguished Correspondence is fixed in the clamping jaw pair at both ends, and the other end of two racks is installed with gear cooperation and passes through rolling Bearing supports;After being connect with the third servo motor being fixed on second bottom plate, the output shaft of the first speed reducer passes through institute The second bottom plate is stated to be connected with the gear;The clamping jaw pair includes movable plate, pawl head, and the movable plate is fixed on described On two sliding blocks, the pawl head is connected to by connecting rod on the movable plate, and centering is formed between opposite two pawl heads Region;First contact type measurement head is housed on second bottom plate;It is respectively arranged with optoelectronic switch in the clamping jaw pair at both ends;
The workbench is installed on the second straight line guide rail of support frame as described above, and the of first ball screw assembly, One ball-screw is fixed on both ends on support frame as described above by screw rodb base, and the 4th servo motor is by synchronous belt and is assemblied in described The second nut seat on first ball-screw is connected, and second nut seat bottom is connected with the workbench;Described One driving mechanism includes being fixed on the 5th servo motor of the workbench bottom, and the 5th servo motor slows down by second Machine is connected with the 4th ball-screw, the top axle bed phase of third nut seat and its corresponding side on the 4th ball-screw Connection;
The lathe bed both sides are respectively set there are two the slide plate, and correspondence is installed in the 4th the linear guide, often The second driving machine for driving the slide plate to be moved along the 4th the linear guide is equipped on the lathe bed at a slide plate Structure, second driving mechanism include the 6th servo motor, and the 6th servo motor is connected with the 5th ball by shaft coupling Leading screw, the slide plate are connected with the 4th nut seat assembled on the 5th ball-screw;Phase at workpiece feeding side The slide plate side of offside is mounted on measuring device, and the measuring device includes being fixed on the second of the slide plate side to connect Joint chair is fixed with third bottom plate on second connecting seat, and the 9th the linear guide, detection plate dress are disposed on the third bottom plate In on the sliding block of the 9th the linear guide, pacified by cylinder block on the third bottom plate between the 9th the linear guide Equipped with cylinder, the piston rod of the cylinder is connect with the fixed seat in the detection plate, is equipped in the test side of the detection plate Measurement head fixed plate, the second contact type measurement head pass through the measurement head fixed plate and are fixed in the detection plate;The survey It is L-shaped to measure head fixed plate, three the second contact type measurement heads sequentially pass through the measurement head fixed plate and consolidate from top to bottom Due in the detection plate;Blowing nozzle is housed on the column at the measuring device;
The grinding attachment further includes the 7th servo motor being installed at the top of the grinding head stand column, the 7th servo electricity Machine is connected with the second ball screw assembly, by third speed reducer, and grinding head body, the gold are connected on second ball screw assembly, Hard rock grinding wheel is installed in the grinding head body;First guide rail is installed in the grinding head stand column, second ball screw assembly, Leading screw end is connect with the third speed reducer, and is supported by ball-screw bearing, and first guide rail is along the leading screw Length direction arranges that the screw of second ball screw assembly, is connected with the grinding head body, and the grinding head body is installed on described On the sliding block of first guide rail;
The grinding attachment further includes the cylinder connecting plate being installed at the top of the grinding head stand column, on the cylinder connecting plate Vertical cylinder is installed, the piston rod of the vertical cylinder is connected with grinding head body, and the skive is installed on the bistrique On body;Second guide rail is installed, second guide rail is along the piston rod movement direction of the vertical cylinder in the grinding head stand column Arrangement, the grinding head body are installed on the sliding block of second guide rail;
It is set with grinding wheel spindle in the grinding head body, and is supported by rolling bearing, described grinding wheel spindle one end passes through connection Axis device connects alternating-current variable frequency motor, and the alternating-current variable frequency motor is fixed on by motor cabinet in the grinding head body, the grinding wheel master The axis other end is fixedly connected with the skive by connecting shaft;The skive outer ring is set with water dish;It is corresponding The grinding head body lifts and is mounted on anticollison block in the grinding head stand column to highest order, lowest order.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that realizing workpiece by the feeding slide unit of lathe bed one end both sides, blanking slide unit Feeding, discharge, workbench are moved along second straight line guide rail and the first ball screw assembly, and the top axle bed of workbench bottom is driven to move Move to workpiece feeding, and by come directly towards axis gripped, then by the skive of Workpiece transfer to grinding area into Row grinding, and the first servo motor that axis rotation is come directly towards by driving acts on, and can make 360 ° of rotations of workpiece, then in synchronous rotary Chamfering can be ground at 45 °, when 90 ° of synchronous rotary can be ground plane, so that workpiece primary clamping on lathe bed can be completed Grinding, round as a ball, chamfer machining solve the problems, such as while needing to complete processing, labour using greater number of operation employee Intensity is low, and work efficiency is high, and Grinding Machining Quality is good, to realize reduction production cost, increases the mesh of economic benefit 's.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the overlooking structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic view of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the overlooking structure diagram of loading and unloading mobile device;
Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-sectional view of loading and unloading mobile device;
Fig. 6 is the main structure diagram of positioning clamping device;
Fig. 7 is the schematic cross-sectional view of positioning clamping device;
Fig. 8 is the main structure diagram of blanking device;
Fig. 9 is the schematic cross-sectional view of blanking device;
Figure 10 is the main structure diagram of centralising device;
Figure 11 is the backsight structural representation of centralising device;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of measuring device;
Figure 13 is a kind of embodiment structure schematic diagram of grinding attachment;
Figure 14 is the another embodiment structural schematic diagram of grinding attachment;
Figure 15 is slide plate and the schematic cross-sectional view that the second driving mechanism is connected.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Figure 15, the utility model includes the loading and unloading mobile device 88 on lathe bed 1 and lathe bed 1, up and down Expect that mobile device 88 includes feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3, also can only load onto material slide unit 2, achieved by digital control system, Blanking function, feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 are respectively arranged in 1 one end both sides of lathe bed, lathe bed 1 by first straight line guide rail 4-1 Upper that supporting rack 6 is housed by column 5, workbench 7 is connected to supporting rack by second straight line guide rail 4-2 and the first ball screw assembly, On 6,7 bottom of workbench is equipped with the top axle bed 8 being oppositely arranged by third the linear guide 4-3, and top axle bed 8 is equipped with top The first servo motor 10-1 that axis 9 and driving top axis 9 rotate, first servo motor 10-1 are connected by harmonic wave speed reducing machine 11-4 Axis 9 is come directly towards, 9 synchronous rotary of top axis at both ends is fixed on the top of the corresponding side of the first driving mechanism of 7 bottom of workbench Head axle bed 8 is connected, and workbench 7 is installed on the second straight line guide rail 4-2 of supporting rack 6, the first rolling of the first ball screw assembly, Ballscrew 12-1 is fixed on both ends on supporting rack 6 by screw rodb base 13, the 4th servo motor 10-4 by synchronous belt be assemblied in The second nut seat 14-2 on first ball-screw 12-1 is connected, and the second bottoms nut seat 14-2 are connected with workbench 7;The One driving mechanism includes being fixed on the 5th servo motor 10-5 of 7 bottom of workbench, and the 5th servo motor 10-5 subtracts by second Fast machine 11-2 is connected with the 4th ball-screw 12-4, the third nut seat 14-3 on the 4th ball-screw 12-4 and its corresponding side Top axle bed 8 is connected;1 both sides of lathe bed are separately installed with slide plate 15 by the 4th the linear guide 4-4, and grinding is housed on slide plate 15 Device 91, grinding attachment 91 include the grinding head stand column 16 being loaded on slide plate 15, and skive 17 is equipped in grinding head stand column 16 And the alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 of driving 17 rotary grinding of skive.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, loading and unloading mobile device 88 further includes the first bottom plate 19-1 being set on lathe bed 1, and first First straight line guide rail 4-1 is housed, feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 are installed respectively by first straight line guide rail 4-1 on bottom plate 19-1 In 1 one end both sides of lathe bed, correspondence is set in feeding slide unit 2, blanking respectively by the second ball-screw 12-2, third ball-screw 12-3 In first nut seat 14-1 of 3 bottom of slide unit, one end end the second ball-screw 12-2, third ball-screw 12-3 close to each other Portion is supported by the shared bearing block 21 on the first bottom plate 19-1, and the second ball-screw 12-2, third ball-screw 12-3 are another The end at end is supported by the bearing block 20 at the first both ends bottom plate 19-1 respectively, the second ball-screw 12-2, third ball-screw The outer end of 12-3 is set with first pulley 22-1, and the first both ends bottom plate 19-1 are also equipped with by connecting plate for electric motor 23 respectively Second servo motor 10-2 is respectively provided with the second belt wheel 22-2, first pulley 22-1, on the second servo motor 10-2 output shafts It is connected by belt 24 between two belt wheel 22-2;
It is set with bearing 25 in bearing block 20 and shared bearing block 21;It is respectively arranged with sense on feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 Inductive switch can prevent feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 from being collided in moving process, i.e., when feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 are close When safe distance, it is automatically stopped;Correspond to feeding slide unit 2, the first both ends bottom plate 19-1 side of blanking slide unit 3 is mounted on water blocking Plate 26,26 both sides of water fender at blanking slide unit 3 are equipped with laser measuring head 27, can be used to incude on blanking slide unit 3 whether There is workpiece, if without workpiece, digital control system feedback information of the laser measuring head 27 on lathe bed 1, blanking slide unit 3 can just move to down Expect region, it is ensured that safety in production;Corresponding mono- side ends the first bottom plate 19-1 of feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 are corresponding The first bottom plate 19-1 end sides and feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 between be respectively connected with protective cover 28, protective cover 28 Using organ type bellows;Make by the second ball-screw 12-2, third ball-screw 12-3, first straight line guide rail 4-1, first band The transmission system of the compositions such as wheel 22-1 is enclosed in bellows, can be prevented cooling water from entering inside and be caused to get rusty and damage a whole set of biography Dynamic system;
Second servo motor 10-2 is controlled by the digital control system on lathe bed 1, then when digital control system controls the second servo motor 10-2 is rotated, and passes through first pulley 22-1, the second belt wheel 22-2 and corresponding second ball-screw 12-2, third ball wire Thick stick 12-3 effects, feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 move respectively on first straight line guide rail 4-1, feeding slide unit 2, blanking slide unit 3 It as individual individual, can respectively move, accomplish functional separated, then workpiece feeding clamping can be directly in feeding slide unit 2 Upper auxiliary is completed, and workpiece blanking clamping can assist completing directly on blanking slide unit 3, so as to shorten the operating time, improve Working efficiency.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, positioning clamping device 89 is housed, positioning clamping device 89 includes being set on feeding slide unit 2 Connecting plate 30 is housed, 30 bottom of connecting plate passes through electric pushrod on the first base 29-1 on feeding slide unit 2, first base 29-1 Seat 31 is equipped with electric pushrod 32, on connecting plate 30 along its length on be provided with elongated slot, electric pushrod 31 and the first connecting seat The lower parts 33-1 are connected, and the first tops connecting seat 33-1 are connect across elongated slot with the wedge 34 on connecting plate 30, the first supporting plate 35- 1 side is equipped with bolt needle bearing 36, and is positioned on the inclined-plane of wedge 34 by bolt needle bearing 36, first base One end of 29-1 is equipped with fixed top headstock 37, and the other end of first base 29-1 is equipped with the towards the movement setting of 30 direction of connecting plate Five the linear guide 4-5 clamp top headstock 38 and are installed on the 5th the linear guide 4-5, along the fixation of 32 direction of motion of electric pushrod The 6th the linear guide 4-6 is both provided on the opposite end face of top headstock 37, clamping top headstock 38, fixed top 39 clamps top 40 respectively correspondence be installed on the 6th the linear guide 4-6, hold out against cylinder 41 by link block 42 be connected to clamp top headstock 38;
Cavity 43 is equipped in first base 29-1, electric pushrod seat 31, electric pushrod 32, the first connecting seat 33-1 are respectively provided with In in cavity 43, connecting plate 30 is loaded on the first base 29-1 above cavity 43;First supporting plate 35-1, which is equipped with, places workpiece 44 support plate 45, support plate 45 use withered tree plate;It is fixed with positioning column 46 on the connecting plate 30 of first sides supporting plate 35-1, it is fixed The height of position column 46 is higher than the floor height of the first supporting plate 35-1, and the positioning column 46 being arranged by the first sides supporting plate 35-1 can Preventing the first supporting plate 35-1, side is swung up all around, ensures that the first supporting plate 35-1 only makees the movement in vertical direction; The inclined-plane lower end of wedge 34 is equipped with groove 47, and bolt needle bearing 36 is placed in groove 47, and first can be prevented by groove 47 Supporting plate 35-1 effectively plays positioning action since inertia crosses operation;Clamp top headstock 38 is installed on the 7th the linear guide 4-7 the On one sliding block 48-1, contact measurement head 49 is housed on the 7th the linear guide 4-7, workpiece can be measured by contact measurement head 49 Width numerical value, and feed data back to the digital control system on lathe bed 1, calculate, can divide equally according to two sides surplus through digital control system Principle, the grinding allowance of silico briquette width dimensions is calculated automatically, to accurately control workpiece position location in the horizontal direction;
Workpiece 44 is positioned in the support plate 45 of the first supporting plate 35-1, when the energization of electric pushrod 32, the work of electric pushrod 32 Stopper rod is flexible to push the first connecting seat 33-1 to be moved in elongated slot horizontal direction, and wedge 34 is driven to make in the horizontal direction together Linear motion so that bolt needle bearing 36 rolls on 34 inclined-plane of wedge, to which the first supporting plate 35-1 can be realized in Vertical Square The linear movement of horizontal direction is converted the linear movement for vertical direction, so as to rationally have by upward motor adjustment The adjustment control workpiece 44 of effect is in the position of vertical direction, and the dimension control range phase of the movement in vertical direction be converted to Than the own dimensions precision of electric pushrod 32,5 times or so are improved, improves the degree of regulation of workpiece 44 in vertical direction; And acted on by holding out against cylinder 41, it can push and clamp top headstock 38 and clamping top thereon 40 in the 5th the linear guide 4-5 On moved upwards towards workpiece side, until clamping top 40 and 39 cooperation top tight workpieces of fixed top, also will can according to circumstances press from both sides It presses closer first 39, fixed top 40 to move on the 6th the linear guide 4-6 respectively, to coordinate the center of the workpiece at different location Positioning to fast and effeciently realize centralized positioning of the workpiece on different location, direction, and can according to circumstances make the not people having the same aspiration and interest Whole, work efficiency is high, and processing quality is good.
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, blanking device is housed, blanking device includes being set on blanking slide unit 3 on blanking slide unit 3 Lifting cylinder 50 is installed on second base 29-2, second base 29-2, is pacified on the second base 29-2 of 50 periphery of lifting cylinder Equipped with frame-type holder 51,51 peripheral closure of holder is equipped with cylinder case 52, can prevent into water, damage lifting cylinder 50;Lifting cylinder 50 piston rod is connected with top plate 53, and is supported on holder 51;It is located at workpiece 44 by the top plate 53 that lifting cylinder 50 jacks Underface, and the height of the top plate 53 jacked by lifting cylinder 50 is substantially close to the bottom surface of workpiece 44, such workpiece blanking When, workpiece would not be by big impact force;The lifting force of lifting cylinder 50 is more than 1.5 times of workpiece its own gravity, to protect Card can be lifted workpiece;Specifically, the quadrangle of top plate 53 is equipped with the second L-shaped supporting plate 35-2, the material of the second supporting plate 35-2 Using nylon material, then when workpiece blanking, on the second supporting plate of nylon 35-2 of Automatic-descending to L-type, due to the second supporting plate 35-2 It is nonmetallic materials, is flexible contact between workpiece 44 and the second supporting plate 35-2, can avoid breaking workpiece, and can effectively plays and determine Position effect, prevents workpiece from shaking and falling.
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, at the first straight line guide rail 4-1 chargings above column 5 on centralising device 87 is housed, it is right Middle device includes being equipped with the 8th the linear guide 4-8 on the second bottom plate 19-2, the second bottom plate 19-2 being fixed on column 5, 8th both ends the linear guide 4-8 are equipped with clamping jaw pair by the second sliding block respectively, and the second bottom plate 19-2 is equipped with gear 54, two Correspondence is fixed in the clamping jaw pair at both ends respectively for one end of rack 55, and the other end and the cooperation of gear 54 of two toothed racks 55 are installed simultaneously It is supported by rolling bearing 56;After being connect with the third servo motor 10-3 being fixed on the second bottom plate 19-2, the first speed reducer The output shaft of 11-1 passes through the second bottom plate 19-2 to be connected with gear 54;Clamping jaw pair includes movable plate 57,58, pawl head 59,60, Movable plate 57 is fixed on the second sliding block, and pawl head 59,60 is connected respectively by connecting rod 61 on movable plate 57,58, phase To two pawl heads 59,60 between form centering region;First contact type measurement head 62-1 is housed on the second bottom plate 19-2;Both ends Clamping jaw pair on be respectively arranged with optoelectronic switch 63, then the length that 44 any one end of workpiece is stretched out is beyond forming between pawl head 59,60 pair The working range in middle region will be detected by optoelectronic switch 63, the feed mechanism on lathe bed 1 can be forced to be stopped, not Workpiece 44 is sent into centering region, is played the role of safeguard protection in this way, is prevented occurrence of equipment safety accident;
It is driven by third servo motor 10-3, gear 54 drives two toothed racks 55 so that pawl head 59, pawl head 60 are straight the 8th It is for linear motion on line guide rail 4-8, by the inwardly movement simultaneously of pawl head 59, pawl head 60, that is, workpiece 44 is clamped, and by being mounted on The first contact type measurement head 62-1 on second bottom plate 19-2 measures numerical value and carries out system point by the digital control system on lathe bed 1 Analysis, if 44 position of workpiece, not in required center position, controllable third servo motor 10-3 continues through 54 band of gear Carry-over bar 55 makes clamping jaw pair further toward the side direction deviateed, the center of workpiece 44 is adjusted, to reach the mesh of automatic centering , it can also meet the workpiece in 100mm ~ 750mm size ranges and carry out automatic centering survey calculation, and send and believe to digital control system Number and conveying length data information, it is easy to use and reliable;After the completion of centering, pawl head 59, pawl head 60 move out simultaneously to be unclamped Workpiece.
As shown in Figure 12, Figure 15,1 both sides of lathe bed are respectively set there are two slide plate 15, and corresponding be installed on the 4th straight line and led On rail 4-4, the second driving that driving slide plate 15 is moved along the 4th the linear guide 4-4 is equipped on the lathe bed 1 at each slide plate 15 Mechanism, the second driving mechanism include the 6th servo motor 10-6, and the 6th servo motor 10-6 is connected with the 5th by shaft coupling 85 Ball-screw 12-5, slide plate 15 are connected with the 4th nut seat 14-4 assembled on the 5th ball-screw 12-5, Tu15Zhong, bearing It is 86;15 side of slide plate of opposite side at workpiece feeding side is mounted on measuring device 90, and measuring device 90 includes solid Due to being fixed with third bottom plate 19-3, third bottom plate 19- on the second connecting seat 33-2, the second connecting seat 33-2 of 15 side of slide plate The 9th the linear guide 4-9 is disposed on 3, detection plate 64 is loaded on the third sliding block 48-3 of the 9th the linear guide 4-9, straight the 9th Cylinder 66, cylinder 66 and the numerical control system on lathe bed 1 are equipped with by cylinder block 65 on third bottom plate 19-3 between line guide rail 4-9 System connection, the movement of cylinder 66 is controlled by digital control system, realizes the measurement to workpiece, piston rod and the detection plate 64 of cylinder 66 On fixed seat 67 connect, be equipped with measurement head fixed plate 68 in the test side of detection plate 64, the second contact type measurement head 62-2 wears It crosses measurement head fixed plate 68 and is fixed in detection plate 64;Measurement head fixed plate 68 is L-shaped, three the second contact type measurement heads 62-2 sequentially passes through measurement head fixed plate 68 and is fixed in detection plate 64 from top to bottom, i.e. 64 one-off of detection plate can be simultaneously Detect 3 points;Blowing nozzle 69 is housed on the column 5 at measuring device, convenient for the workpiece to processing before workpiece blanking Cleaning;Second contact type measurement head 62-2 uses Keyemce measuring instrument;
The automatic measurement before being processed to workpiece, after corase grinding, after fine grinding can be realized by measuring device, and can pass through position The second contact type measurement head 62-2 in centre position in detection plate 64 realizes the circular arc that diagonal line rolling grinding is carried out to workpiece Automatic measurement after the corase grinding at angle, fine grinding, to control the stock removal of grinding attachment traverse feed, then by the detection of measured place Data are sent to the digital control system on lathe bed, after digital control system is automatically processed according to the dimension data information received, just Instruction and transmitting data information can be sent to the job requirement in subsequent processing operations, it is time saving and energy saving to workpiece to realize Automatic measurement.
Grinding for workpiece uses two kinds of embodiments, to realize the lifting of grinding head body in grinding attachment, and grinding head body Lifting be conducive to the round as a ball of the angles workpiece R, then grinding efficiency is high greatly for contact surface, good grinding quality:
One is as shown in figure 13, grinding attachment 91 further includes the 7th servo motor for being installed on 16 top of grinding head stand column 10-7, the 7th servo motor 10-7 are connected with the second ball screw assembly, by third speed reducer 11-3, on the second ball screw assembly, It is connected with grinding head body 70, skive 17 is installed in grinding head body 70;First guide rail 71-1 is installed in grinding head stand column 16, the The ends leading screw 12-6 of two ball screw assembly,s are connect with third speed reducer 11-3, and are supported by ball-screw bearing 72, first Guide rail 71-1 arranges that the screw 12-7 of the second ball screw assembly, is connected with grinding head body 70 along the length direction of leading screw 12-6, grinds Head body 70 is installed on the sliding block of the first guide rail 71-1;It is set with grinding wheel spindle 73 in grinding head body 70, and passes through rolling bearing 74 Bearing, 73 one end of grinding wheel spindle connect alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 by shaft coupling 75, and alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 passes through motor cabinet 76 It is fixed in grinding head body 70,73 other end of grinding wheel spindle is fixedly connected with skive 17 by connecting shaft 77;Skive 17 outer rings are set with water dish 78, can uniformly be sprayed by water dish 78 so that skive 17 is fully cooled;Corresponding bistrique It is mounted on anticollison block 79,80 in the lifting to the grinding head stand column 16 at highest order, lowest order of body 70, as mechanical position limitation, is prevented Equipment is damaged when apparatus failure;
Pass through the 7th servo motor 10-7 and the 11-3 drivings of third speed reducer so that direct-connected on third speed reducer 11-3 The leading screw 12-6 rotations of second ball screw assembly, the screw 12-7 of the second ball screw assembly, drive grinding head body 70 in the first guide rail Make elevating movement on 71-1, grinding wheel spindle 73 is driven by the alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 direct-connected with shaft coupling 75, then in workpiece When round as a ball, pass through the lift adjustment of grinding head body 70, it is possible to increase the contact surface of skive 17 and the fillet of workpiece makes diamond Grinding wheel 17 is in most suitable position in rolling grinding, shortens grinding time of workpiece when round as a ball afterwards, improves round as a ball mill The working efficiency of processing and the quality of grinding are cut, and whole device is controlled by digital control system, the lifting of grinding head body 70 Positioning accuracy is high, and 17 linear velocity of skive in grinding head body 70 is high, improves grinding accuracy, is suitable for the end of silico briquette Face is ground and rolling grinding.
Another kind is that as shown in figure 14, grinding attachment 91 further includes the cylinder connecting plate for being installed on 16 top of grinding head stand column 81, vertical cylinder 82 is installed on cylinder connecting plate 81, the piston rod 83 of vertical cylinder 82 is connected with grinding head body 70, boart boart Wheel 17 is installed in grinding head body 70;Second guide rail 71-2 is installed, the second guide rail 71-2 is along vertical cylinder 82 in grinding head stand column 16 Piston rod movement direction arrangement, grinding head body 70 is installed on the sliding block 84 of the second guide rail 71-2;It is set with sand in grinding head body 70 Main shaft 73 is taken turns, and is supported by rolling bearing 74,73 one end of grinding wheel spindle connects alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 by shaft coupling 75, hands over Stream variable-frequency motor 18 is fixed on by motor cabinet 76 in grinding head body 70, and 73 other end of grinding wheel spindle is fixedly connected by connecting shaft 77 Skive 17;17 outer ring of skive is set with water dish 78, can uniformly be sprayed by water dish 78 so that diamond Grinding wheel 17 is fully cooled;It is mounted on anticollison block in the corresponding lifting to the grinding head stand column 16 at highest order, lowest order of grinding head body 70 79,80, as mechanical position limitation, ensure that air source when sporadic failure occurs, does not break grinding head body;
When vertical cylinder 82 adjusts stroke, logical upper gas makes grinding head body 70 move up and down to fixation by piston rod drive Position, this position are the most rational position found out by up to a hundred debugging rolling grindings, realize grinding head body 70 and lift work( Can, grinding wheel spindle 73 is driven by the alternating-current variable frequency motor 18 direct-connected with shaft coupling 75, then when workpiece is round as a ball, passes through bistrique The lift adjustment of body 70, it is possible to increase the contact surface of skive 17 and the fillet of workpiece makes skive 17 in round as a ball mill It is in most suitable position when cutting, shortens grinding time of workpiece when round as a ball afterwards, improves the work effect of rolling grinding processing Rate and the quality of grinding, and whole device is controlled by digital control system, the lifting positioning accuracy of grinding head body 70 is high, bistrique 17 linear velocity of skive on body 70 is high, improves grinding accuracy, is suitable for the cross grinding of silico briquette and round as a ball mill It cuts.
The course of work of the utility model is that workpiece 44 is positioned in the support plate 45 of positioning clamping device, electricity is passed through Dynamic push rod 32 is flexible to push the first connecting seat 33-1 to be moved in elongated slot horizontal direction, drives wedge 34 together in the horizontal direction It is upper for linear motion so that bolt needle bearing 36 rolls on 34 inclined-plane of wedge, to realize that the first supporting plate 35-1 is hanging down The linear movement of horizontal direction is converted the linear movement for vertical direction, also just realized by the upward motor adjustment of histogram Then the oscilaltion of workpiece 44 rises at Alignment measuring device realization Alignment measuring, after being measured, workbench 7 along Second straight line guide rail 4-2 and the movement of the first ball screw assembly, drive the top axle bed 8 of 7 bottom of workbench to be moved to workpiece feeding The measured zone at place is gripped by coming directly towards axis 9, then by Workpiece transfer to grinding area, is first passed through with measuring device Grinding area, after being measured by the second contact type measurement head 62-2 in measuring device, determine grinding the depth of cut, according to Surplus size determines unidirectional grinding times to predetermined size, and workpiece is 45 ° dynamic by coming directly towards shaft rotation, can carry out corase grinding rounding circular arc, Turn 90 ° of other two circular arcs of grinding again, circular arc grinding finishes, and similarly turns 45 ° of corase grinding, 4 planes, enters next group after the completion of corase grinding Grinding area carry out four fillets of fine grinding and four planes to predetermined size requirement, then workpiece completes that grinding, round as a ball, chamfering adds Work, after subsequent workpiece exits grinding area, before workpiece returns at loading and unloading mobile device, the blowing nozzle 69 on column 5 passes through Workpiece surface is persisted cutting fluid and blown off by compressed air, and after the completion of cleaning, workpiece is run to discharging area, is driven by lifting cylinder 50 The top plate 53 of dynamic lifting is lifted to just to be contacted with workpiece 44, and it is laggard on top plate 53 that the top release workpiece of axis 9 makes workpiece 44 rest on Row blanking, then whole process terminates, and lathe is in entire grinding process, is controlled by Siemens CNC control system Equipment is run on lathe bed processed, can guarantee that lathe operation is accurate, steadily, to bring convenient, drop for the operation of silico briquette processing Low labor intensity, shortens non-cutting time, and the accuracy of workpiece centering is also ensured, the multiple tracks in grinding is processed work Sequence is integrated in one, and realizes clamped one time and grinding, round as a ball, chamfer machining can be completed, simplify grinding technique, improve The working efficiency of grinding, and improve the quality of grinding, solve while needing to use greater number of operator Work reduces production come the problem of completing processing, labor intensity is low, and work efficiency is high, and Grinding Machining Quality is good, to realize Cost increases the purpose of economic benefit.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer comprising lathe bed, it is characterised in that:The lathe bed is moved equipped with loading and unloading Device is moved, the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit in the loading and unloading mobile device are respectively arranged in described by first straight line guide rail Lathe bed one end both sides, are equipped with supporting rack on the lathe bed by column, and workbench passes through second straight line guide rail and the first ball wire Thick stick pair is connected on support frame as described above, and the workbench bottom is equipped with the top axle bed being oppositely arranged by third the linear guide, The top axle bed is equipped with the first servo motor of top axis and the driving top axis rotation, is fixed on the workbench bottom The top axle bed of the corresponding side of first driving mechanism in portion is connected, and the lathe bed both sides pass through the 4th the linear guide It is separately installed with slide plate, grinding attachment is housed on the slide plate, the grinding attachment includes vertical loaded on the bistrique on the slide plate Column is equipped with the alternating-current variable frequency power of skive and the driving skive rotary grinding in the grinding head stand column Machine.
2. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the loading and unloading movement Device further includes the first bottom plate being set on the lathe bed, and the first straight line guide rail is housed on first bottom plate, described Feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit are respectively arranged in described lathe bed one end both sides by the first straight line guide rail, the second ball-screw, Third ball-screw respectively it is corresponding be set in the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit bottom the first nut seat in, second rolling Ballscrew and third ball-screw one end end close to each other are described by the shared bearing block support on first bottom plate Second ball-screw, the third ball-screw other end end pass through the bearing block support at first bottom plate both ends, institute respectively State the second ball-screw, the outer end of third ball-screw is set with first pulley, first bottom plate both ends also lead to respectively It crosses connecting plate for electric motor and the second servo motor is installed, the second belt wheel is respectively provided on second servo motor output shaft, it is described It is connected by belt between first pulley, the second belt wheel.
3. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the bearing block and altogether With being set with bearing in bearing block;It is respectively arranged with inductive switch on the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit;The corresponding feeding is slided Platform, blanking slide unit first bottom plate both ends side be mounted on water fender, the water fender at the blanking slide unit Both sides are equipped with laser measuring head;Corresponding one side end of the first bottom plate of the feeding slide unit, the blanking slide unit It is respectively connected with protective cover between corresponding the first bottom plate end side and the feeding slide unit, blanking slide unit, The protective cover uses organ type bellows.
4. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the feeding slide unit Equipped with positioning clamping device, the positioning clamping device includes the first base being set on the feeding slide unit, and described first Connecting plate is housed on pedestal, the connecting plate bottom is equipped with electric pushrod by electric pushrod seat, the connecting plate upper edge its Elongated slot is provided on length direction, the electric pushrod is connected with the first connecting seat lower part, and first connecting seat top passes through The elongated slot is connect with the wedge on the connecting plate, and the side of the first supporting plate is equipped with bolt needle bearing, and passes through the spiral shell Bolt needle bearing is positioned on the inclined-plane of the wedge, and one end of the first base is equipped with fixed top headstock, first bottom The other end of seat is equipped with the 5th the linear guide towards connecting plate direction movement setting, clamps top headstock and is installed on the described 5th In the linear guide, it is all provided on the end face opposite along the fixed top headstock, the clamping top headstock of the electric pushrod direction of motion It is equipped with the 6th the linear guide, fixed top, clamping top, correspondence is installed in the 6th the linear guide respectively, and it is logical to hold out against cylinder It crosses link block and is connected to the clamping top headstock.
5. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that in the first base Equipped with cavity, the electric pushrod seat, electric pushrod, the first connecting seat may be contained in the cavity, and the connecting plate is loaded on In the first base above the cavity;First supporting plate is equipped with the support plate for placing workpiece, and the support plate is adopted With withered tree plate;Positioning column is fixed on the connecting plate of first supporting plate side, the height of the positioning column is higher than described The floor height of first supporting plate;It is equipped with groove in the inclined-plane lower end of the wedge, the bolt needle bearing is placed in the ditch In slot;The clamping top headstock is installed on the first sliding block of the 7th the linear guide, is equipped in the 7th the linear guide Contact measurement head.
6. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the blanking slide unit Equipped with blanking device, the blanking device includes the second base being set on the blanking slide unit, is pacified in the second base Equipped with lifting cylinder, frame-type holder is installed in the second base of the lifting cylinder periphery, the holder periphery is provide with There is cylinder case, the piston rod of the lifting cylinder is connected with top plate, and is supported on the holder;It is equipped on the top plate The material of the second L-shaped supporting plate, second supporting plate uses nylon material;The lifting force of the lifting cylinder is more than workpiece certainly 1.5 times of body gravity.
7. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the first straight line Centralising device is housed, the centralising device includes second be fixed on the column on the column above at guide rail charging Bottom plate is equipped with the 8th the linear guide on second bottom plate, passes through the second sliding block respectively at the 8th the linear guide both ends Clamping jaw pair is installed, second bottom plate is equipped with gear, and one end of two toothed racks corresponds to the folder for being fixed on both ends respectively In pawl pair, the other end of two racks coordinates with the gear to be installed and is supported by rolling bearing;It is described with being fixed on After third servo motor connection on second bottom plate, the output shaft of the first speed reducer is matched across second bottom plate with the gear Close connection;The clamping jaw pair includes movable plate, pawl head, and the movable plate is fixed on second sliding block, and the pawl head passes through Connecting rod is connected on the movable plate, and centering region is formed between opposite two pawl heads;It is filled on second bottom plate There is the first contact type measurement head;It is respectively arranged with optoelectronic switch in the clamping jaw pair at both ends.
8. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the workbench installation In on the second straight line guide rail of support frame as described above, the first ball-screw of first ball screw assembly, is solid by screw rodb base Due to both ends on support frame as described above, the 4th servo motor passes through synchronous belt and the second spiral shell being assemblied on first ball-screw Female seat is connected, and second nut seat bottom is connected with the workbench;First driving mechanism includes being fixed on institute The 5th servo motor of workbench bottom is stated, the 5th servo motor is connected with the 4th ball-screw by the second speed reducer, Third nut seat on 4th ball-screw is connected with the top axle bed of its corresponding side.
9. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lathe bed both sides are equal Two slide plates are respectively equipped with, and correspondence is installed in the 4th the linear guide, the lathe bed at each slide plate On be equipped with the second driving mechanism for driving the slide plate to be moved along the 4th the linear guide, second driving mechanism includes 6th servo motor, the 6th servo motor are connected with the 5th ball-screw, the slide plate and the described 5th by shaft coupling The 4th nut seat assembled on ball-screw is connected;The slide plate side of opposite side at workpiece feeding side is respectively mounted It includes being fixed on the second connecting seat of the slide plate side to have measuring device, the measuring device, solid on second connecting seat Surely there is third bottom plate, the 9th the linear guide is disposed on the third bottom plate, detection plate is loaded on the cunning of the 9th the linear guide On block, cylinder, the work of the cylinder are equipped with by cylinder block on the third bottom plate between the 9th the linear guide Stopper rod is connect with the fixed seat in the detection plate, and measurement head fixed plate, the second contact are equipped in the test side of the detection plate Formula measurement head passes through the measurement head fixed plate and is fixed in the detection plate;The measurement head fixed plate is L-shaped, three institutes The second contact type measurement head is stated to sequentially pass through the measurement head fixed plate from top to bottom and be fixed in the detection plate;Close to institute It states and blowing nozzle is housed on the column at measuring device.
10. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the grinding attachment Further include the 7th servo motor being installed at the top of the grinding head stand column, the 7th servo motor is connected by third speed reducer There is the second ball screw assembly, grinding head body is connected on second ball screw assembly, the skive is installed on the mill On head body;First guide rail is installed, leading screw end and the third of second ball screw assembly, subtract in the grinding head stand column Fast machine connection, and supported by ball-screw bearing, first guide rail is arranged along the length direction of the leading screw, described second The screw of ball screw assembly, is connected with the grinding head body, and the grinding head body is installed on the sliding block of first guide rail.
11. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the grinding attachment Further include the cylinder connecting plate being installed at the top of the grinding head stand column, vertical cylinder is installed on the cylinder connecting plate, it is described The piston rod of vertical cylinder is connected with grinding head body, and the skive is installed in the grinding head body;In the grinding head stand column Second guide rail is installed, second guide rail is arranged along the piston rod movement direction of the vertical cylinder, the grinding head body installation In on the sliding block of second guide rail.
12. a kind of round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer according to claim 10 or 11, which is characterized in that the bistrique It is set with grinding wheel spindle in vivo, and is supported by rolling bearing, described grinding wheel spindle one end connects AC frequency conversion by shaft coupling Motor, the alternating-current variable frequency motor are fixed on by motor cabinet in the grinding head body, and the grinding wheel spindle other end passes through connection Axis is fixedly connected with the skive;The skive outer ring is set with water dish;The corresponding grinding head body lift to It is mounted on anticollison block in the grinding head stand column at highest order, lowest order.
CN201721728240.9U 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 The round as a ball all-in-one machine of numerical control grinding surface chamfer Active CN207656435U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110695795A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-01-17 宁波希澈机械科技有限公司 Table surface polishing chamfering machine
CN112428048A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-03-02 合肥中通抛光机械有限公司 Grinding wheel chip grinding machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110695795A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-01-17 宁波希澈机械科技有限公司 Table surface polishing chamfering machine
CN110695795B (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-09-01 南京溧水高新创业投资管理有限公司 Table surface polishing chamfering machine
CN112428048A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-03-02 合肥中通抛光机械有限公司 Grinding wheel chip grinding machine

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