CN207628567U - Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device - Google Patents

Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207628567U
CN207628567U CN201721250986.3U CN201721250986U CN207628567U CN 207628567 U CN207628567 U CN 207628567U CN 201721250986 U CN201721250986 U CN 201721250986U CN 207628567 U CN207628567 U CN 207628567U
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China
Prior art keywords
sieve plate
separation chamber
lithium ion
air pressure
broken
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CN201721250986.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡品龙
何亚群
张光文
张涛
黄艰生
徐益民
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
Jiangsu Huahong Technology Co Ltd
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
Jiangsu Huahong Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The utility model is related to waste lithium ion it is broken after classify retracting device, separation chamber's slant setting, it is arranged on bearing, high-end setting feed inlet, bottom end connect air pressure and take out diaphragm apparatus, and separation chamber is equipped with vibrating device, it is internally provided with sieve plate, the quantity of sieve plate is at least one, and inside separation chamber, the interlayer that sieve plate separates is separately connected discharge port;Air pressure takes out diaphragm apparatus and is equipped with partition board with top layer's sieve plate lower part.The effective combination for realizing pneumatic separating and screening sorting, simplifies equipment complexity, realizes simple and effective sorting.It makes full use of lithium ion battery different component to be crushed nature difference, realizes the classification recovery processing of size fractionated component.Belong to physical separation method, be not related to chemicals, wastewater treatment and secondary pollution problem is not present.The utility model pneumatic separating combines with screening, is integrated, process is easy, efficient.

Description

Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device
Technical field
The utility model is related to retracting device field of classifying, especially a kind of pneumatic separating and screening combination, integrated, mistake Classify after easy, the efficient waste lithium ion of journey is broken retracting device.
Background technology
Pneumatic separating method effectively overcomes floating product dehydration as dry separation mode with screening separating method and gives up Water treatment problems are widely used in the sortings such as coal, mineral field, technology relative maturity, but in electron wastes The especially discarded lithium battery process field in field is using less.
In discarded lithium battery shattering process, since lithium battery respectively forms some mechanical mechanical property difference, metal shell It plays a protective role to battery, therefore there is higher mechanical strength, there is larger granularity after being crushed;Diaphragm has stronger Toughness is difficult that its is fine crushing in shattering process, so diaphragm also has larger granularity;Copper foil is relatively thin thin with aluminium foil Piece is easy to form bulk bead of the size less than shell with diaphragm in shattering process;Cobalt acid lithium is viscous by PVDF with graphite Knot itself is exactly tiny particle on aluminium foil is with copper foil, is mixed with graphite so obtaining thinner cobalt acid lithium after broken Powder.
In the prior art, a kind of pneumatic separating is needed to be combined with screening, is integrated, process is easy, efficient discarded lithium Classify after ion battery is broken retracting device.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of pneumatic separating and is combined with screening, is integrated, is process simplicity, efficient Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device.
Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device, including:
Separation chamber, separation chamber's slant setting are arranged on bearing, high-end setting feed inlet, and bottom end connects air pressure and takes out Diaphragm apparatus, the separation chamber are equipped with vibrating device, are internally provided with sieve plate, the quantity of the sieve plate be it is at least one, it is described Inside separation chamber, the interlayer that sieve plate separates is separately connected discharge port;
The air pressure takes out diaphragm apparatus and is equipped with partition board with top layer's sieve plate lower part.
The sieve plate is equipped with rotating brushes.
It is negative suction system or blowing device that diaphragm apparatus is taken out in the air pressure.
It includes air guiding chamber, wind turbine, deduster and air pressure bleeding point that diaphragm apparatus is taken out in the air pressure, and the air pressure bleeding point is set It sets on the top of separation chamber, the air guiding chamber is arranged in the lower part of separation chamber, and extraction diaphragm is collected in the air pressure bleeding point connection Deduster, the deduster connects wind turbine.
The deduster is fixed on deduster holder.
There are two the sieve plate is set, it is followed successively by macroporous plate and aperture sieve plate, the macroporous plate, small hole sizer from top to bottom Separation chamber is divided into three interlayers, the interlayer and particulate of the aperture sieve plate and bottom plate composition by the bottom plate of plate and separation chamber bottom The interlayer of grade material discharge port conducting, the macroporous plate and aperture sieve plate composition is connected with middle grade material discharge port, described Macroporous plate is connected with the interlayer that the top of separation chamber forms with big grade material discharge port.
Fine particle stage material material collecting tank, the middle grade material discharge port lower section are set below the fine particle stage material discharge port Big grade material material collecting tank is arranged in grade material material collecting tank in setting, the big grade material discharge port lower section.
The air pressure bleeding point is arranged in the top of macroporous plate, the big grade material discharge port opening direction and sorting The longitudinal direction of room is identical, and close to air pressure bleeding point, and rotating brushes is equipped between the macroporous plate and aperture sieve plate.
Elastic bearing is equipped between the bearing and separation chamber.
The elastic bearing is flexible two sections connecting rod.
The utility model separation chamber slant setting, be arranged on bearing, high-end setting feed inlet, bottom end connect air pressure take out every Film device, separation chamber are equipped with vibrating device, are internally provided with sieve plate, and the quantity of sieve plate is at least one, inside separation chamber, sieve plate The interlayer separated is separately connected discharge port;Air pressure takes out diaphragm apparatus and is equipped with partition board with top layer's sieve plate lower part.Realize wind-force point Effective combination of choosing and screening sorting, simplifies equipment complexity, realizes simple and effective sorting.Make full use of lithium ion battery not It is crushed nature difference with component, realizes the classification recovery processing of size fractionated component.Belong to physical separation method, is not related to chemical drugs Wastewater treatment and secondary pollution problem is not present in product.The utility model pneumatic separating combines with screening, is integrated, process is simple Just, efficient.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
In figure:1, separation chamber, 2, feed inlet, 3, macroporous plate, 4, aperture sieve plate, 5, bottom plate, 6, elastic bearing, 7, branch Seat, 8, fine particle stage material discharge port, 9, fine particle stage material material collecting tank, 10, middle grade material material collecting tank, 11, middle grade material goes out Material mouth, 12, air guiding chamber, 13, big grade material material collecting tank, 14, big grade material discharge port, 15, deduster holder, 16, wind turbine, 17, deduster, 18, air pressure bleeding point, 19, partition board, 20, rotating brushes, 21, vibrating device.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described further.
Embodiment 1:
Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device, including:Separation chamber 1,1 slant setting of separation chamber, setting exist On bearing 7, high-end setting feed inlet 2, bottom end connects air pressure and takes out diaphragm apparatus, and separation chamber 1 is equipped with vibrating device 21, and inside is set There is sieve plate, the quantity of sieve plate is at least one, and inside separation chamber 1, the interlayer that sieve plate separates is separately connected discharge port;Air pressure take out every Film device is equipped with partition board 19 with top layer's sieve plate lower part.
Sieve plate is equipped with rotating brushes 20.It is negative suction system or blowing device that diaphragm apparatus is taken out in air pressure.Air pressure is taken out Diaphragm apparatus includes air guiding chamber 12, wind turbine 16, deduster 17 and air pressure bleeding point 18, and air pressure bleeding point 18 is arranged in separation chamber 1 Top, air guiding chamber 12 is arranged in the lower part of separation chamber 1, and the deduster 17 of extraction diaphragm is collected in the connection of air pressure bleeding point 18, is removed Dirt device 17 connects wind turbine 16.Deduster 17 is fixed on deduster holder 15.
There are two sieve plate is set, it is followed successively by macroporous plate 3 and aperture sieve plate 4, macroporous plate 3,4 and of aperture sieve plate from top to bottom Separation chamber 1 is divided into three interlayers, the interlayer and fine fraction object that aperture sieve plate 4 and bottom plate 5 form by the bottom plate 5 of 1 bottom of separation chamber Expect that discharge port 8 is connected, the interlayer that macroporous plate 3 and aperture sieve plate 4 form is connected with middle grade material discharge port 11, macroporous plate 3 interlayer and the conducting of big grade material discharge port 14 with the top composition of separation chamber 1.The 8 lower section setting of fine particle stage material discharge port Fine particle stage material material collecting tank 9, grade material material collecting tank 10 in the 11 lower section setting of middle grade material discharge port, big grade material discharging Big grade material material collecting tank 13 is arranged in 14 lower section of mouth.Air pressure bleeding point 18 is arranged in the top of macroporous plate 3, and big grade material goes out 14 opening direction of material mouth is identical as the longitudinal direction of separation chamber 1, and close to air pressure bleeding point 18, between macroporous plate 3 and aperture sieve plate 4 Equipped with rotating brushes 20.
Elastic bearing 6 is equipped between bearing 7 and separation chamber 1.Elastic bearing 6 is flexible two sections connecting rod.
Broken lithium ion battery mixed material is fed by feed inlet 2 and is fallen in macroporous plate 3, is acted in mechanical oscillation The materials such as lower granularity smaller copper foil, aluminium foil, cobalt acid lithium and graphite drop into the smaller aperture sieve plate 4 of sieve pore, and granularity is minimum Cobalt acid lithium the bottom plate 5 of 1 bottom of separation chamber is directly fallen on by aperture sieve plate 4 with graphite, while aperture sieve plate 4 is fitted with rotation The graphite on copper foil and aluminium foil can will be attached to under cobalt acid lithium brush by turning hairbrush 20.Not by sieve pore material in mechanical vibration force And continues forward slip under gravity and be finally classified collection.Diaphragm on macroporous plate 3 is then under gas pressure Deduster 17 is sucked, sorting purpose is reached.Big grade plastics and shell, middle grade aluminium are finally respectively obtained in different material collecting tanks Foil, with graphite, is convenient for follow-up separation with copper foil, small grade cobalt acid lithium.
The utility model includes separation chamber 1, feed inlet 2, macroporous plate 3, aperture sieve plate 4, bottom plate 5, elastic bearing 6, branch Seat 7, fine particle stage material discharge port 8, fine particle stage material material collecting tank 9, middle grade material material collecting tank 10, middle grade material discharge port 11, air guiding chamber 12, big grade material material collecting tank 13, big grade material discharge port 14, deduster holder 15, wind turbine 16, deduster 17, air pressure bleeding point 18, partition board 19, rotating brushes 20, vibrating device 21.Separation chamber 1 is fixed on bearing 7 by elastic bearing 6 Above, mechanical vibration force is provided by vibrating device 21, makes material along inclined screen panel vibration, reaches screening purpose;In griddle It is provided with rotating brushes 20 between plate 3 and aperture sieve plate 4, it is carried out clearly when copper foil is moved with aluminium foil on aperture sieve plate It sweeps, so that the cobalt acid lithium for being attached to surface is fallen off with graphite and fall on the bottom plate of separation chamber through aperture sieve plate.Bulky grain shell with every When film runs to air pressure suction opening 18, provides air pressure by wind turbine 16 and cause air flow through air guiding chamber 12 into separation chamber 1, diaphragm is by band It walks to be collected into deduster 17, other big grade materials then fall into big grade material material collecting tank 13 and are collected.Different grains The material of grade, along inclined-plane slide downward, falls into corresponding material collection finally by respective discharge port and fills under shock effect It sets, completes sorting and material collection.
Separation chamber 1 is by feed inlet 2, macroporous plate 3, aperture sieve plate 4, bottom plate 5, elastic bearing 6, bearing 7, fine fraction object Expect that discharge port 8, middle grade material discharge port 11, big grade material discharge port 14 form, by adjusting the vibration frequency of vibrating device 21 Rate can control the oscillation intensity of separation chamber 1.It is provided with inclined partition board 19 between air guiding chamber 12 and middle grade discharge port 11, can be prevented Only copper foil, aluminium foil dyskinesias under the action of the wind.Rotating brushes 20 is arranged between macroporous plate 3 and aperture sieve plate 4, turns Speed is adjustable, realizes to being attached to cleaning of the copper foil with graphite on aluminium foil with cobalt acid lithium.17 one end of deduster and air pressure bleeding point 18 It is connected, the other end is connected with wind turbine 16, and according to material actual conditions, adjusting wind-force is big by frequency converter adjusts rotation speed of fan It is small.
Separation chamber 1 is equipped with feed inlet 2, macroporous plate 3, aperture sieve plate 4, bottom plate 5, fine particle stage material discharge port 8, middle grain Grade material discharge port 11, big grade material discharge port 14 are filled with the separation chamber that fixing bracket is connected in vibration by elastic bearing It sets and is in vibration condition under 21 effects, the broken mixed material of lithium battery is fed by feed inlet 2 in separation chamber, greatly Grade shell and diaphragm become griddle oversize and are moved down under mechanical oscillation effect, the diaphragm quilt at air pressure bleeding point 18 It siphons away and is collected into deduster;Copper foil aluminium foil then becomes small hole sizer oversize, in the rotating brushes along sieve plate down motion process 20 pairs of copper foil aluminium foils clean, and the graphite being attached to above copper foil aluminium foil falls off with cobalt acid lithium;Cobalt acid lithium is then fallen with graphite To above bottom plate 5, final each grade material is collected by discharge port into corresponding material collecting tank.
The utility model has the following advantages compared with prior art:
(1) the effective combination for realizing pneumatic separating and screening sorting, simplifies equipment complexity, realizes simple and effective point Choosing.
(2) it makes full use of lithium ion battery different component to be crushed nature difference, realizes the classification recycling of size fractionated component Processing.
(3) the utility model belongs to physical separation method, is not related to chemicals, and wastewater treatment and secondary pollution is not present Problem.
The utility model pneumatic separating is the same as screening sorting is combined, integration sorts, assorting room simplicity, the efficiency of separation Rotating brushes high, on sieve plate remains attached to after being crushed under the electrode material brush on copper foil and aluminium foil.
The basic principles and main features and advantage of the utility model have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry It should be appreciated that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of utility model, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model the utility model also have various change and It improves, these various changes and improvements fall within the scope of the claimed invention.The utility model requires protection scope by Appended claims and its equivalent define.

Claims (10)

  1. Retracting device of classifying after 1. waste lithium ion is broken, which is characterized in that including:
    Separation chamber, separation chamber's slant setting are arranged on bearing, high-end setting feed inlet, and bottom end connects air pressure and takes out diaphragm Device, the separation chamber are equipped with vibrating device, are internally provided with sieve plate, the quantity of the sieve plate is at least one, the sorting Chamber interior, the interlayer that sieve plate separates are separately connected discharge port;
    The air pressure takes out diaphragm apparatus and is equipped with partition board with top layer's sieve plate lower part.
  2. Retracting device of classifying after 2. waste lithium ion according to claim 1 is broken, which is characterized in that the sieve plate It is equipped with rotating brushes.
  3. Retracting device of classifying after 3. waste lithium ion according to claim 1 or 2 is broken, which is characterized in that described It is negative suction system or blowing device that diaphragm apparatus is taken out in air pressure.
  4. Retracting device of classifying after 4. waste lithium ion according to claim 1 or 2 is broken, which is characterized in that described It includes air guiding chamber, wind turbine, deduster and air pressure bleeding point that diaphragm apparatus is taken out in air pressure, and the air pressure bleeding point is arranged in separation chamber Top, the air guiding chamber are arranged in the lower part of separation chamber, and the deduster of extraction diaphragm is collected in the air pressure bleeding point connection, described Deduster connects wind turbine.
  5. Retracting device of classifying after 5. waste lithium ion according to claim 4 is broken, which is characterized in that the dedusting Device is fixed on deduster holder.
  6. Retracting device of classifying after 6. waste lithium ion according to claim 1 or 2 is broken, which is characterized in that described There are two sieve plate is set, it is followed successively by macroporous plate and aperture sieve plate, the macroporous plate, aperture sieve plate and separation chamber bottom from top to bottom Separation chamber is divided into three interlayers, the interlayer and fine particle stage material discharge port of the aperture sieve plate and bottom plate composition by the bottom plate in portion Conducting, the macroporous plate and aperture sieve plate composition interlayer be connected with middle grade material discharge port, the macroporous plate and divide The interlayer that the top of room forms is selected to be connected with big grade material discharge port.
  7. Retracting device of classifying after 7. waste lithium ion according to claim 6 is broken, which is characterized in that the particulate Fine particle stage material material collecting tank, grade material collection in being arranged below the middle grade material discharge port are set below grade material discharge port Big grade material material collecting tank is arranged in hopper, the big grade material discharge port lower section.
  8. Retracting device of classifying after 8. waste lithium ion according to claim 6 is broken, which is characterized in that the macropore Air pressure bleeding point is arranged in the top of sieve plate, and the big grade material discharge port opening direction is identical as the longitudinal direction of separation chamber, and leans on Nearly air pressure bleeding point.
  9. Retracting device of classifying after 9. waste lithium ion according to claim 1 or 2 is broken, which is characterized in that described Elastic bearing is equipped between bearing and separation chamber.
  10. Retracting device of classifying after 10. waste lithium ion according to claim 9 is broken, which is characterized in that the bullet Property bearing be it is flexible two save connecting rod.
CN201721250986.3U 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device Active CN207628567U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721250986.3U CN207628567U (en) 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721250986.3U CN207628567U (en) 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207628567U true CN207628567U (en) 2018-07-20

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CN201721250986.3U Active CN207628567U (en) 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 Classify after waste lithium ion is broken retracting device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109174293A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-01-11 王志强 A kind of waste power lithium battery core material electromagnetism combined sorting equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109174293A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-01-11 王志强 A kind of waste power lithium battery core material electromagnetism combined sorting equipment

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