一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱Dust removal and heat dissipation chassis of mobile fan for computer
技术领域_1]本实用新型涉及-种计算机配件，具体是―种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热箱。 Technical Field_1] The utility model relates to a computer accessory, specifically a mobile fan dust removal and heat dissipation box for a computer. 背景技术_2]则I作为电_件巾的—部分，它起的主要_是腫糊定各輸配件，起到-个承托雜护_，财卜，i+算雛使腿程巾，㈣原件工作产生的腿，需要对内部及时散热，由于通风散热，使外界空气进入到内部，将热量带走，但是同时带入的也有灰尘， 长时间使用，使得灰尘积累在内部，覆盖在设备表面，增加了内部原件运行时的负载，增大电阻，从而影响计算机使用寿命;但是现有的机箱中对内部除尘也仅仅是减少灰尘进入量， 对于内部的灰尘还是需要人工进行清理。 Background technology_2] As the part of the electric towel, it plays a major role in swelling and fixing the various output accessories, which serves as a support for miscellaneous care, financial divination, and i+ calculation of the leg towel. (Iv) Legs generated by the original work need to dissipate heat inside in time. Due to the ventilation and heat dissipation, the outside air enters the interior and takes away the heat, but at the same time dust is also brought in. Long-term use will cause the dust to accumulate inside and cover the equipment The surface increases the load of the internal components during operation and increases the resistance, thereby affecting the service life of the computer; however, the internal dust removal in the existing case only reduces the amount of dust entering, and the internal dust still needs to be cleaned manually. 实用新型内容Utility model content
本实用新型的目的在于提供一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱，以解决上述 The purpose of the present utility model is to provide a mobile computer fan dust removal and heat dissipation chassis to solve the above
背景技术中提出的问题。 The problem raised in the background art.
为实现上述目的，本实用新型提供如下技术方案：  In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions:
 —种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱，包括箱体、开设在箱体的侧壁上左右对称的两个进风口、安装计算机电子元件的安装板、用于散热的箱体风机以及行走机构;所述箱体内设置有由上方的上支撑架和下方的下支撑架构成的环状结构，该环状结构的两端上均固定有在同一水平直线上的导向套，导向套内穿设有固定于箱体内壁上的导向杆，导向套与导向杆间隙配合，导向套在导向杆上左右移动;所述上支撑架与下支撑架相对应的一侧上均固定有水平的齿条，在上下两侧的齿条之间啮合连接有半齿轮，半齿轮的中心轴固定在电机的输出轴上;所述下支撑架的下侧固定有竖直的连杆，连杆的下端固定安装有风罩，风罩的出风口朝向安装板，风机安装在风罩内，进风口内设置有移动板和固定板，且移动板位于固定板的外侧，在移动板和固定板上分别对应开设有若干个第一进风孔和第二进风孔;在所述移动板朝向固定板的一侧壁上固定有若干个与所述的第二进风孔直径相同的密封条，且密封条朝向第二进风孔，移动板上固定有水平的推拉杆，推拉杆穿过固定板固定在风罩上;在箱体侧壁部开设有出风孔。  A mobile fan dust removal and heat dissipation chassis for computers, including a box body, two symmetrical air inlets on the side walls of the box body, a mounting board for installing computer electronic components, a box fan for heat dissipation, and Walking mechanism; The box body is provided with a ring structure formed by an upper support frame and a lower support frame below. Both ends of the ring structure are fixed with guide sleeves on the same horizontal straight line, and the guide sleeve There is a guide rod fixed on the inner wall of the box, the guide sleeve and the guide rod are in clearance fit, and the guide sleeve moves left and right on the guide rod; the upper support frame and the lower support frame are fixed on the corresponding side The racks are meshed and connected with half gears between the racks on the upper and lower sides. The central shaft of the half gears is fixed on the output shaft of the motor; the lower side of the lower support frame is fixed with a vertical connecting rod. A wind hood is fixedly installed at the lower end, and the air outlet of the wind hood faces the mounting plate. The fan is installed in the wind hood. A movable plate and a fixed plate are arranged in the air inlet, and the movable plate is located on the outside of the fixed plate, on the movable plate and the fixed plate. A plurality of first air inlet holes and a plurality of second air inlet holes are respectively opened; a plurality of sealing strips with the same diameter as the second air inlet hole are fixed on a side wall of the movable plate facing the fixed plate, And the sealing strip faces the second air inlet, a horizontal push-pull rod is fixed on the moving plate, and the push-pull rod passes through the fixed plate and is fixed on the wind hood; the side wall of the box body is provided with an air outlet.
进一步的:所述行走机构包括有减震弹簧、底板、滚轮和橡胶块，底板位于箱体的下方，减震弹簧设置有若干个，均匀固定分布在箱体与底板之间，通过减震弹簧支撑箱体， 在底板的下侧一端上安装有可转动的滚轮以及另外一端上固定的橡胶块。  Further: The walking mechanism includes a shock-absorbing spring, a bottom plate, a roller and a rubber block. The bottom plate is located below the box body. There are several shock-absorbing springs, which are evenly fixed and distributed between the box body and the bottom plate. The damping spring supports the box, and a rotatable roller is installed on the lower end of the bottom plate and a rubber block is fixed on the other end.
 进一步的:所述橡胶块下表面与滚轮的下端在同一水平面上。  Further: the lower surface of the rubber block and the lower end of the roller are on the same level.
 进一步的:所述出风口上罩设有滤尘罩。  Further: the air outlet is covered with a dust filter cover.
 进一步的:所述进风口与风罩在同一水平位置。  Further: the air inlet and the wind hood are in the same horizontal position.
进一步的:所述第一进风孔的直径大于第二进风孔的直径。  Further: the diameter of the first air inlet hole is greater than the diameter of the second air inlet hole.
进一步的:所述移动板与固定板贴合时密封条插入到第二进风孔内。  Further: the sealing strip is inserted into the second air inlet when the movable plate is attached to the fixed plate.
与现有技术相比，本实用新型的有益效果是:本实用新型通过设置的半齿轮带动市动上下的齿条移动，从而相关结构左右移动，使得风罩朝向不同的位置，增加风机直接吹风的范围，强力吹出附着的灰尘，减少元件上附着的灰尘，保证计算机安全稳定运行，延长使用寿命;左右移动还能够使进风口不断的开合，使内部形成不同方向流动的气流，避免吹风死角，减少灰尘内部积累，提高除尘散热效果，延长使用寿命。  Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effect of the present utility model is: the present utility model is driven by the half gear set up and down the rack to move the market, so that the related structure moves left and right, so that the wind hood faces different positions, increasing The range where the fan blows directly to blow out the attached dust, reduce the dust attached to the components, ensure the safe and stable operation of the computer, and prolong the service life; moving left and right can also make the air inlet open and close continuously, so that airflow in different directions is formed inside. Avoid blowing dead corners, reduce the accumulation of dust inside, improve the effect of dust removal and heat dissipation, and extend the service life.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1为一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱的结构示意图。  FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a computer with a mobile fan dust removal and heat dissipation chassis.
图2为一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱中风罩的结构示意图。  FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a wind cover in a computer with a mobile fan for dust removal and heat dissipation chassis.
图3为图1中A的放大结构示意图。  FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure of A in FIG. 1.
图4为一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱中移动板的结构示意图。  FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a movable plate in a computer with a mobile fan for dust removal and heat dissipation chassis.
图中：1—箱体，2-进风口，3-上支撑架，4-齿条，5-下支撑架，6-半齿轮，7-导向套， 8_导向杆，9-出风孔，10-安装板，11-连杆，12-风罩，13-风机，14-滤尘罩，15-推拉杆，16-移动板，17-固定板，18-第一进风孔，19-密封条，20-第二进风孔，21-减震弹簧，22-底板，23-电机，24-滚轮，25-橡胶块。  In the figure: 1-box, 2-air inlet, 3-upper support frame, 4-rack, 5-lower support frame, 6-half gear, 7-guide sleeve, 8_guide rod, 9- Air outlet, 10-mounting plate, 11-connecting rod, 12-wind cover, 13-fan, 14-dust cover, 15-push-pull rod, 16-moving plate, 17-fixed plate, 18-first air inlet , 19-seal strip, 20-second air inlet, 21-damping spring, 22-base plate, 23-motor, 24-roller, 25-rubber block.
请参阅图，本实用新型实施例中，一种计算机用移动式风机除尘散热机箱，包括箱体1、开设在箱体1的侧壁上左右对称的两个进风口2、安装计算机电子元件的安装板i〇、用于散热的箱体风机13以及行走机构;所述行走机构包括有减震弹簧21、底板22、滚轮24和橡胶块25，底板22位于箱体1的下方，减震弹簧21设置有若干个，均匀固定分布在箱体丨与底板22之间，通过减震弹簧21支撑箱体1，在底板22的下侧一端上安装有可转动的滚轮24以及另外一端上固定的橡胶块25,橡胶块25下表面与滚轮24的下端在同一水平面上，使底板22保持水平，向上拉动橡胶块25—端，便可以拖拽机箱移动，省时省力。  Please refer to the figure, in the embodiment of the present utility model, a mobile fan dust removal and heat dissipation chassis for a computer includes a box body 1, two symmetrical air inlets on the side walls of the box body 1, and a computer installed The mounting board i〇 of electronic components, the box fan 13 for heat dissipation, and the walking mechanism; the walking mechanism includes a shock-absorbing spring 21, a bottom plate 22, a roller 24 and a rubber block 25, and the bottom plate 22 is located below the box 1, There are several damping springs 21, which are evenly fixed and distributed between the box body 丨 and the bottom plate 22. The box body 1 is supported by the damping spring 21. A rotatable roller 24 and the other end are installed on the lower end of the bottom plate 22. The upper fixed rubber block 25, the lower surface of the rubber block 25 and the lower end of the roller 24 are on the same level, so that the bottom plate 22 is kept level, and the rubber block 25 end is pulled upward to drag the chassis to move, saving time and effort.
所述箱体1内设置有由上方的上支撑架3和下方的下支撑架5构成的环状结构，该环状结构的两端上均固定有在同一水平直线上的导向套7,导向套7内穿设有固定于箱体1 内壁上的导向杆8，导向套7与导向杆8间隙配合，使导向套7在导向杆8上左右移动，便于调节上支撑架3、下支撑架5的左右位置;所述上支撑架3与下支撑架5相对应的一侧上均固定有水平的齿条4,在上下两侧的齿条4之间啮合连接有半齿轮6,半齿轮6上的齿仅能够与一侧的齿条4啮合，半齿轮6的中心轴固定在电机23的输出轴上，通过电机23驱动半齿轮6转动，当半齿轮6上的齿转动到上方时与上支撑架3上的齿条4啮合，转动到下方时与下支撑架5上的齿条4啮合，推动整个环状结构左右移动，实现其左右摆动。  The box body 1 is provided with a ring structure composed of an upper support frame 3 above and a lower support frame 5 below. Both ends of the ring structure are fixed with guide sleeves on the same horizontal straight line. 7. A guide rod 8 fixed on the inner wall of the box 1 is penetrated in the guide sleeve 7. The guide sleeve 7 is in clearance fit with the guide rod 8, so that the guide sleeve 7 can move left and right on the guide rod 8, which is convenient for adjusting the upper support frame 3. The left and right positions of the lower support frame 5; a horizontal rack 4 is fixed on the side of the upper support frame 3 and the lower support frame 5, and a half gear 6 is meshed and connected between the racks 4 on the upper and lower sides. , The teeth on the half gear 6 can only mesh with the rack 4 on one side. The central shaft of the half gear 6 is fixed on the output shaft of the motor 23. The motor 23 drives the half gear 6 to rotate. When the teeth on the half gear 6 rotate When it goes up, it meshes with the rack 4 on the upper support frame 3, and when it rotates to the bottom it meshes with the rack 4 on the lower support frame 5, pushing the entire ring structure to move left and right to realize its left and right swing.
所述下支撑架5的下侧固定有竖直的连杆11，连杆11的下端固定安装有风罩12,风罩12的出风口朝向安装板10,向安装板10上吹风，风机13安装在风罩12内，通过风机13鼓入空气，通过出风口吹出，在出风口上罩设有滤尘罩14,将对吹在安装板1〇上的空气过滤，使灰尘在滤尘罩14内收集，避免灰尘沉积在安装板10上。  The lower side of the lower support frame 5 is fixed with a vertical connecting rod 11, the lower end of the connecting rod 11 is fixedly installed with a windshield 12, the air outlet of the windshield 12 faces the mounting plate 10, and blows on the mounting plate 10. The fan 13 is installed in the wind hood 12, and air is blown in through the fan 13 and blown out through the air outlet. A dust filter cover 14 is provided on the air outlet to filter the air blown on the mounting plate 10 so that the dust is in the dust filter. It is collected in the cover 14 to prevent dust from being deposited on the mounting board 10.
 所述进风口2与风罩12在同一水平位置，进风口2内设置有移动板16和固定板17， 且移动板16位于固定板17的外侧，在移动板16和固定板17上分别对应开设有若干个第一进风孔18和第二进风孔20，第一进风孔18的直径大于第二进风孔20的直径，便于空气进入;在所述移动板ie朝向固定板17的一侧壁上固定有若干个与所述的第二进风孔20直径相同的密封条I9,且密封条I9朝向第二进风孔2〇,移动板16在移动后密封条19能够插入到第二进风孔20内，将第二进风孔2〇堵塞，减少空气进入，移动板I6上固定有水平的推拉杆15，推拉杆I5穿过固定板17固定在风罩12上，跟随风罩12移动，由于两侧的进风口2不停的堵塞和打开，形成不同方向的风，便于形成扰流，避免灰尘在死角堆积;在箱体1侧壁部开设有出风孔9,保证内部空气流动。  The air inlet 2 and the wind hood 12 are in the same horizontal position. The air inlet 2 is provided with a movable plate 16 and a fixed plate 17, and the movable plate 16 is located on the outside of the fixed plate 17, on the movable plate 16 and the fixed plate 17. A number of first air inlet holes 18 and second air inlet holes 20 are respectively opened on the upper part. The diameter of the first air inlet hole 18 is larger than the diameter of the second air inlet hole 20, which is convenient for air to enter; A number of sealing strips I9 with the same diameter as the second air inlet hole 20 are fixed on a side wall of the fixed plate 17, and the sealing strip I9 faces the second air inlet hole 20, and the movable plate 16 is sealed after moving. 19 can be inserted into the second air inlet hole 20 to block the second air inlet hole 20 to reduce air entry. A horizontal push-pull rod 15 is fixed on the moving plate I6, and the push-pull rod I5 passes through the fixed plate 17 and is fixed to the air hood 12, follow the air hood 12 to move, because the air inlets 2 on both sides are continuously blocked and opened, the wind in different directions is formed, which facilitates the formation of turbulence and avoids the accumulation of dust in the dead corner; there is an outlet on the side wall of the box 1. Wind hole 9, to ensure the internal air flow.
机箱在使用时，计算机上的主板、显卡等均安装在安装板10上，电机23带动半齿轮6转动，半齿轮6上齿不断的与上方和下方的齿条4间断啮合连接，使得上支撑架3、下支撑架5左右不停的移动，左右移动的下支撑架5带动下方的风罩12左右移动，使其对安装板1〇上不同的位置直接吹风，将附着在安装板10上的灰尘吹走，避免灰尘沉积，风机13直接吹风作用在安装板10上，防尘效果明显；左右移动的风罩12还带动进风口2内的移动板16移动，使其不断的靠近与远离固定板17,使进风口2间断封堵，使内部形成不同方向的空气流动，避免吹风死角沉积灰尘。  When the case is in use, the motherboard, graphics card, etc. on the computer are installed on the mounting board 10. The motor 23 drives the half gear 6 to rotate, and the upper teeth of the half gear 6 are continuously meshed and connected with the upper and lower racks 4, Make the upper support frame 3 and the lower support frame 5 move left and right, and the lower support frame 5 moving left and right drives the lower wind hood 12 to move left and right, so that it can blow directly to different positions on the mounting plate 10, and it will be attached to the installation The dust on the plate 10 is blown away to avoid dust deposits. The fan 13 directly blows on the mounting plate 10, which has obvious dust-proof effect; the left and right moving air hood 12 also drives the moving plate 16 in the air inlet 2 to move continuously, Close to and away from the fixed plate 17, so that the air inlet 2 is intermittently blocked, so that air flows in different directions are formed inside, and dust is deposited in the dead corner of the blowing. 本实用新型通过设置的半齿轮带动带动上下的齿条移动，从而相关结构左右移动，使得风罩朝向不同的位置，增加风机直接吹风的范围，强力吹出附着的灰尘，减少元件上附着的灰尘，保证计算机安全稳定运行，延长使用寿命；左右移动还能够使进风口不断的开合，使内部形成不同方向流动的气流，避免吹风死角，减少灰尘内部积累， 提咼除尘散热效果，延长使用寿命。 The utility model drives the upper and lower racks to move through the set half gears, so that the related structure moves left and right, so that the wind hood faces different positions, increases the direct blowing range of the fan, blows out the attached dust forcefully, and reduces the dust attached to the components. Ensure the safe and stable operation of the computer and extend the service life; moving left and right can also continuously open and close the air inlet to form airflow in different directions, avoid blowing dead corners, reduce internal dust accumulation, improve dust removal and heat dissipation, and extend service life.
此外，应当理解，虽然本说明书按照实施方式加以描述，但并非每个实施方式仅包含一个独立的技术方案，说明书的这种叙述方式仅仅是为清楚起见，本领域技术人员应当将说明书作为一个整体，各实施例中的技术方案也可以经适当组合，形成本领域技术人员可以理解的其他实施方式。  In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in accordance with the implementation manners, not each implementation manner only includes an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is only for clarity, and those skilled in the art should refer to the specification As a whole, the technical solutions in the embodiments can also be appropriately combined to form other implementations that can be understood by those skilled in the art.