CN207608474U - A kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge - Google Patents

A kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207608474U
CN207608474U CN201721403280.6U CN201721403280U CN207608474U CN 207608474 U CN207608474 U CN 207608474U CN 201721403280 U CN201721403280 U CN 201721403280U CN 207608474 U CN207608474 U CN 207608474U
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Prior art keywords
reactor
sludge
baffle
cavitation
jet
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CN201721403280.6U
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Inventor
易树平
丁金伟
刘福明
易绍庭
郑春苗
吴广祥
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SHENZHEN NANKE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Shenzhen Nanke Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Southwest University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge, it is provided with enters mud pipe on its sewage sludge reactor outer wall, it is provided with control cabinet on sewage sludge reactor outer wall, it is provided with signal projector below control cabinet, top is provided with baffle in sewage sludge reactor, blender is provided among baffle, baffle lower surface is provided with detecting head, sewage sludge reactor inner wall is provided with inlet opening above baffle, inlet opening is connected with cavitation jet device, bottom is provided with sludge out pipe in sewage sludge reactor, it is provided with cavitation bubble jet emanator above sludge out pipe, it is provided with jet port on cavitation bubble jet emanator side wall, it is provided with solenoid valve below sludge out pipe, it is provided with conveyer below solenoid valve, it is provided with support leg below sewage sludge reactor.The reactor can be widely applied in technical field of sludge treatment, have a good application prospect and industrial production potential.

Description

A kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of reactors of processing excess sludge, and it is surplus to relate more particularly to a kind of cavitation jet processing The reactor of remaining sludge, belongs to technical field of environment protection equipment.
Background technology
Sharp increase with population in the world and process of industrialization produce in people's lives and industrial processes More and more sewage cause grave danger to environment.
And for the processing of sewage, greatly handled using biological oxidation process, this method is dirty in processing After water, a large amount of excess sludge is also created, containing substances such as a large amount of heavy metal, organic matter, microorganisms in the sludge, and It cannot directly carry out burying or backfill is handled, potential environmental pollution could be eliminated by generally requiring after being further processed threatens.
Currently, the processing for excess sludge, people have carried out a large amount of further investigation, and achieve certain achievement, Such as:
CN101413014A discloses a kind of device of microwave method pretreating sewage plant excess sludge fermentation and hydrogen production, the dress It sets including microwave generator, ferment for hydrogen production reactor and Hydrogen collection device, ferment for hydrogen production reactor head sets hydrogen outlet, bottom Portion sets sludge inlet and mud discharging mouth, and microwave generator connects with the sludge inlet of ferment for hydrogen production reactor, Hydrogen collection device with The hydrogen outlet of ferment for hydrogen production reactor connects, and ferment for hydrogen production reactor is installed with blender and heater.The production of described device Hydrogen amount is big, and delay time is short, and the biological degradation capability again of sludge can be improved, and can discharge the heavy metal in sludge, reduces landfill The pollution to soil is handled, and equipment is simple, at low cost, energy consumption is few.
CN102492726A discloses a kind of device of excess sludge fermentation and hydrogen production gas and methane.Described device specifically includes Sludge carrier pipe, the first delivery pump, the second delivery pump, the first valve, the second valve, third valve, the 4th valve, sludge are located in advance Manage device, sludge import, internal-circulation anaerobic reactor, level-one three phase separator, two level three phase separator, outlet canal, gas-liquid separation Device, mud discharging mouth and temperature control system.Described device have good mobility, be not easy to plug pipeline, need not sort mixing etc. it is pre- Many advantages, such as handling, be easy to operate.
CN102701553A discloses a kind of excess sludge organic carbon source equipment for separating liquid from solid comprising anaerobic hydrolysis reacts Device, screw pump, chemical cleaning tank, chemical cleaning pump, ceramic membrane microfiltration device I, ceramic membrane microfiltration device II and carbon source storage tank;Institute The bottom for stating anaerobic hydrolysis reactor is connected with the screw pump;The outlet of the screw pump respectively with the microfiltration of ceramic membrane Device I is connected with ceramic membrane microfiltration device II;The chemical cleaning tank is connected with the chemical cleaning pump;The chemistry is clear The outlet for washing pump is connected with the ceramic membrane microfiltration device I and ceramic membrane microfiltration device II respectively;The microfiltration of ceramic membrane dress I and ceramic membrane microfiltration device II is set to be connected with the carbon source storage tank by hydrolyzed filtrate conduit.Described device can be effective Dissolved organic carbon source is eluted, to promote the progress of sludge hydrolysis, acidification, and can double traffic organisings to reduce membrane channels stifled.
CN103043877A discloses a kind of wastewater biochemical excess sludge processing unit, and the processing unit includes that sequence is set It is placed in anaerobic pond on wastewater biochemical treated sewage pipeline, aerobic tank and device for separating mud and water (13), the anaerobic pond and muddy water Reflux line is provided between separator, be provided on the reflux line air-dissolving apparatus and to air-dissolving apparatus be passed through oxygen and The air inlet pipe of ozone gas.
CN103626372A discloses a kind of device of anaerobism+low dissolved oxygen excess sludge hydrolysed ferment production acid, the dress Set including:Nitrogen machine, excess sludge hydrolysed ferment reactor, air compressor machine, acidogenesis of waste activated sludge reactor, carbon source storage pool, Middle excess sludge hydrolysed ferment reactor is a sealing pond body, if enters mud pipe, blender and zymotic fluid efferent duct;Excess sludge produces Acid reactor is a sealing pond body, if fermentation liquor input pipe, blender and carbon source output pipe;Carbon source storage pool is a unlimited pond Body sets out water pipe, sludge pipe.
CN 103896401A disclose the water treatment facilities of a kind of excess sludge reduction and strengthening biological carbon and phosphorous removal, tool Body is:One biological reaction pool connects a water inlet, which is A2/ O-MBR techniques are sequentially from one end of water inlet Anaerobic pond, anoxic pond and aerobic-membrane biological reaction pond are equipped with anaerobic pond blender in anaerobic pond, anoxic pond are equipped in anoxic pond Blender, membrane module is equipped in aerobic-membrane biological reaction pond, and the bottom of membrane module connects an aerator, connects above membrane module Connect film water outlet suction pump;Excess sludge processing, A are carried out using microwave-alkali-hydrogen peroxide2/ O-MBR sludge enters sludge tune Pond is saved, sludge enters microwave reactor afterwards after the adjustment;Sludge enters dephosphorization sedimentation basin after microwaved;It is set in dephosphorization sedimentation basin There is blender, Treatment of Sludge supernatant is by the anoxic pond of piping connection to biological reaction pool after dephosphorization precipitates, as interior carbon It flows back in source.
CN104386892A discloses a kind of device of electrokinetics removal heavy metals in excess sludge, belongs to and decontaminates The device of heavy metal in mud.Described device is connected with polylith deflector between two electrode plates, tortuous passageway is constituted, in complications Two ends in channel are separately connected enters mud pipe and sludge out pipe, and DC power supply is connected in two electrode plates;Located using the device It manages in sludge process, the sludge that need to be handled is passed into the tortuous passageway between the electrode plate being connected to DC power supply through enters mud pipe, Electrode plate is flowed out under the water conservancy diversion of deflector of the sludge between electrode plate, heavy metal moves under the action of electric field force in this process It is precipitated to cathode plate and on pole plate.Advantage:Overcome method of chemical treatment acid consumption it is big, it is of high cost, reduce sludge fertilizer efficiency Disadvantage and the bioanalysis disadvantage unstable to the strict demand of condition, treatment effect, treatment effeciency is high and does not destroy sludge Fertilizer efficiency, the heavy metal accumulation being removed are conducive to recycle on electrode plate.
CN104609637A discloses a kind of wastewater biochemical excess sludge processing unit, and the processing unit includes that sequence is set Anaerobic pond (11), aerobic tank (12) and the device for separating mud and water (13) being placed on wastewater biochemical treated sewage pipeline (10), it is described It is provided with reflux line between anaerobic pond (11) and device for separating mud and water (13), air-dissolving apparatus (30) is provided on the reflux line And the air inlet pipe (31a) of oxygen and ozone gas is passed through to air-dissolving apparatus (30).
CN105647791A discloses a kind of device preparing biogas using three sections of excess sludges and rice straw, including charging Unit, marsh gas fermentation pool, supply unit and controller, dosage unit include two and clap the storage bin of setting, biogas fermentation Pond includes foundation of civil work, and support post is fixed on foundation of civil work, and sealing cover, supply unit packet are sealed and installed on support post Include traversing conveying mechanism and vertical shift conveying mechanism.The device that biogas is prepared by using three sections of excess sludges and stalk can not only Most of sludge caused by current sewage treatment plant is solved to ask without the environmental pollution caused by dealing carefully with and arbitrarily stacking Topic, moreover it is possible to avoid the problem that a large amount of stalk is underused to carry out burning and cause environmental pollution, the two is utilized simultaneously Biogas is generated, realizes the recycling of waste.
CN206156995U discloses a kind of aerobic desiccation apparatus of city domestic sewage excess sludge comprising sludge drying Cylinder, leaf agitator, reactive tank, electrical heat tracing set, catchment tray, aeration tube seat, water-permeable and air permeable orifice plate, drainpipe, aeration tube, Cover board, feed inlet, flapper, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, oxygen concentration sensor, exhaust pipe, condenser, condensate pipe, Active carbon adsorption column, air hose, discharge port, motor, air blower, sludge bucket, tank.Compared with prior art, described device The desiccation that city domestic sewage excess sludge is realized using microorganism aerobic fermentation fever, it is required can to greatly save sludge drying The energy;In addition, have the advantages that it is simple in structure, reliable for operation, be easily managed and safeguard, odorless.
CN206156991U discloses a kind of device using excess sludge of municipal sewage plant methane phase, it includes dirt Dredge pump, pyrolysis reactor, flash tank, force (forcing) pump, anaerobic digestion reaction vessel, temperature sensor, pressure sensor, humidity sensor Device, oxygen concentration sensor, sensing methane concentration device, Marsh gas collector, air purifier, it by be pyrolyzed, flash brokenly cell wall and Anaerobic fermentation converts the macromolecular in excess sludge of municipal sewage plant, hardly degraded organic substance to flammable hydrogen-rich fuel Methane realizes the recycling of solid waste, and by environment, there are potential prestige in excess sludge of municipal sewage plant The organic pollution of the side of body converts for the energy, and the apparatus structure is simple, and stable and reliable operation, system sealing is good, safe.
CN202671368U discloses a kind of residual sludge reduction pyrolysis installation, including:Compression pump, heat exchanger with it is anti- Answer kettle;Excess sludge enters device by pressure pump inlet;Pressure pump discharge connects the import of the heat-absorbing chamber of heat exchanger;Heat exchanger The outlet of heat-absorbing chamber connect the import of reaction kettle;The outlet of reaction kettle connects the import of heat exchanger heat release chamber;Heat exchanger is put Sludge after the outlet discharge minimizing pyrolysis of hot chamber.It is simple in structure, it is easy to operate, residue can be handled by way of pyrolysis Sludge makes the quality of the solid matter of sludge reduce, kills the pathogen of sludge, meet subsequent processing requirement.
CN202785935U discloses a kind of excess sludge processing unit, including dryer, cyclone dust collectors, high-pressure blast Machine;Boiler smoke import, boiler flue gas outlet, sludge import, sludge outlet are provided on the dryer, on cyclone dust collectors It is provided with feed pipe, discharge port, discharge pipe, sludge outlet is connected with feed pipe, and discharge port is connected with boiler feed mouth, high-pressure blast Machine is arranged on discharge pipe.Sludge is handled using described device, there is simple in structure, energy-saving and emission-reduction, the low advantage of operating cost.
CN202898181U discloses a kind of device that sewage disposal excess sludge is fast and safely handled, including mud inlet (1), device case (2) and the integrally welded closed circuit treatment channel of water outlet (11), mud inlet (1) and device case (2) weldering It is connected into one, forms a dashpot (3), charging baffle (4) and internal partition in device case (2) between charging baffle (4) (7) integrally welded, a froth overflow channel (5) is formed between internal partition (7) and device case (2), in froth overflow channel (5) It is interior to be provided with foam drainage mouth (6), electrode cathode (15) and electrode sun are mounted between charging baffle (4) and overflow baffle (9) Pole (16) forms oxidation reaction zone (8), and overflow baffle (9) and internal partition (7) are integrally welded, overflow baffle (9) and device A catch basin (10) is formed between shell (2), water outlet (11) and device case (2) are integrally welded, use described device It may make that mud decrement is more than 97%, can be widely used for city domestic sewage treatment plant, urban comprehensive wastewater treatment plant, urbanization The Treatment of Sludge of work sewage treatment plant and disposition.
CN203128361U discloses a kind of wastewater biochemical excess sludge processing unit, and excess sludge can be greatly reduced Processing cost, and can realize the zero-emission of biological wastewater treatment excess sludge.The processing unit includes that sequence is set to Anaerobic pond, aerobic tank and device for separating mud and water on wastewater biochemical treated sewage pipeline, the anaerobic pond and device for separating mud and water Between be provided with reflux line, air-dissolving apparatus is provided on the reflux line and is passed through oxygen and ozone gas to air-dissolving apparatus Air inlet pipe.
CN204022633U discloses a kind of residual sludge reduction processing unit, which is that intermittent cycle is upper high Concentration Sludge Bed processing system, including setting reaction tank, aeration tank, aerator, return duct and material pump.It uses the reaction tank upper end Return duct is connect with aeration tank lower part, and top is provided with exhaust outlet, and upper end is provided with effluent weir and outlet pipe, and lower end is provided with row Mud pipe, inside are additionally provided with three phase separator;The outlet of the return duct is set to three phase separator top mud in reaction tank Water mixed precipitation area center, material are pumped into material mouth and connects respectively with the discharge port of aeration tank and enters mud pipe, expect to pump out material mouth with into mud Pipe is connect with reaction tank lower end.Described device has the features such as simple in structure, small investment, low energy consumption, and sludge reduction effect is good.
CN205024060U discloses a kind of device of aeration reinforcing sewage disposal plant excess sludge pyrohydrolysis acidification.It should Device include sewage sludge storage pond, sewage sludge feed pump, aeration pump, blender, non-return valve, reactor for hydrolysis and acidification, heated water bath pond, Shell pump, sewage sludge feed pump are placed in sewage sludge storage pond, and aeration pump, blender are placed in reactor for hydrolysis and acidification, hydrolysis acidification Reactor is placed in heated water bath pond, and reactor for hydrolysis and acidification connects shell pump, and reactor for hydrolysis and acidification is equipped with gas outlet, should Non-return valve is housed at gas outlet.Described device not only realizes sludge reduction, recycling, stabilisation, reduce sludge for The pollution of urban environment, while the volatile fatty acid generated can be widely applied to the multiple fields such as environment and chemical industry.
It can be seen that the device of a variety of processing excess sludges is disclosed in the prior art, but it is remaining for novel processing The device of sludge also has very urgent realistic meaning there are still the necessity for continuing to study and research and develop, this is the current field In research hotspot and emphasis, where power that even more the utility model is accomplished and basis is leaned on.
Utility model content
In order to provide a kind of device of novel processing excess sludge, present inventor has performed a large amount of further investigation, After having paid creative work, so as to complete the utility model.
Specifically, the utility model provides a kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge, the reactor Including blender, baffle, enters mud pipe, signal projector, support leg, sludge out pipe, cavitation bubble jet emanator, cavitation jet dress Set, sewage sludge reactor, inlet opening, detecting head, jet port, control cabinet, conveyer and solenoid valve;
Wherein, it is provided with the enters mud pipe on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall, is provided on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall The control cabinet, the control cabinet lower section are provided with the signal projector, and the interior top of the sewage sludge reactor is provided with described Baffle is provided with the blender among the baffle, and the baffle lower surface is provided with the detecting head, the sludge reaction Device inner wall is provided with the inlet opening above the baffle, and the inlet opening is connected with the cavitation jet device, described Bottom is provided with the sludge out pipe in sewage sludge reactor, and the cavitation bubble jet emanator, institute are provided with above the sludge out pipe It states and is provided with the jet port on cavitation bubble jet emanator side wall, the solenoid valve is provided with below the sludge out pipe, it is described It is provided with the conveyer below solenoid valve, the support leg is provided with below the sewage sludge reactor.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the baffle is solid by screw It is scheduled on the sewage sludge reactor inner upper, the baffle is porous slabstone or porous metallic plate.
So setting can effectively separate water and excess sludge, individually be located to excess sludge to convenient Reason.
Wherein, the element that the porous slabstone or porous metallic plate all right and wrong are usually advised, those skilled in the art can root Suitable porous slabstone or porous metallic plate are bought according to actual demand, are no longer described in detail herein.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the blender passes through screw It is fixed on the baffle, the blender lower end is goed deep into inside excess sludge, and the blender is electrically connected with the control cabinet.
By structure design so and setting, the blender can be made to be sufficiently stirred excess sludge so that Excess sludge comes into full contact with bubble, to improve purification speed and treatment effeciency.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the enters mud pipe is welded on institute It states on sewage sludge reactor outer wall, and the position of the enters mud pipe is less than the position of the baffle.
So setting, can contact to avoid excess sludge with clear water, convenient to handle excess sludge.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the sludge out pipe is welded on institute Sewage sludge reactor bottom is stated, the sludge out pipe is up big and down small pyramidal structure, and the solenoid valve is mounted on described by pipe collar Below sludge out pipe.
Structure design so and setting are very beneficial for the discharge of excess sludge, while preventing when handling excess sludge Only sludge is revealed and influences treatment effect.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the cavitation bubble jet stream transmitting Device is nested in the sludge out pipe top exterior walls, the outlet side phase of the cavitation bubble jet emanator and the cavitation jet device Connection.
By being so arranged, bubble is enabled to be sprayed below the sewage sludge reactor, to broken excess sludge In organic matter and microorganism, improve Treatment of Sludge speed and treatment effeciency.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the cavitation bubble jet stream transmitting Device is loop configuration, and there are four jet port, four jet ports to be equidistantly arranged in the cavitation bubble jet emanator for tool On outer wall, the direction of four jet ports is identical.
Structure design so and setting are arranged, and the cavitation bubble jet emanator can be ensured in the mistake for spraying cavitation bubble It can be rotated automatically using reaction force in journey so that cavitation bubble contacts more abundant with excess sludge.
In the reactor of the utility model, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, on the inner wall of the sludge out pipe Equipped with helical blade, the helical blade is spirally extended to small end from the big end of the sludge out pipe.
Structure design so may make in sludge under Gravitative Loads, what is flowed downward along the helical blade Rotation is also generated in the process, can be more thoroughly discharged, be avoided the sludge and stick on the inner wall of the sludge out pipe.
In the reactor of the utility model, the detecting head can monitor the pH value of sludge, redox on-line Many real time information such as current potential, dissolved oxygen and COD, and be sent to these information monitored by the signal projector Remote control center, to realize remote control.
The course of work and/or principle of the reactor of the utility model are specific as follows:Excess sludge is from into the mud Pipe enters in the sewage sludge reactor, and the blender rotation drives excess sludge rotation, the cavitation jet device to generate big The cavitation bubble of amount, and sprayed from the jet port on the cavitation bubble jet emanator, the cavitation bubble that high speed sprays encounters dirt Rupture generates huge shock wave after mud, and organic matter, microorganism, the heavy metal etc. in sludge are ground into soluble by shock wave Microminiature particle, and the impurity that cannot be crushed then from the sludge out pipe enter the conveyer in transport.Period, by described Detecting head monitors a variety of real time information of sludge, and is sent such information in remote control by the signal projector The heart implements remote control, to realize that remote automation operates.
In conclusion the utility model provides a kind of reactor of novel cavitation jet processing excess sludge, it is described For reactor by unique structure design, a large amount of cavitation bubbles that can be generated can bring one in the rupture of cavitation bubble moment Strong impact, the impact and cavitation phenomenon can break the flco of sludge, and the cavitation bubble of generation being capable of degradation of organic substances, again Metal and microorganism, and cavitation bubble can destroy microbial cell structure, and intracellular organic matter is dissolved out, and reduce surplus sludge volume. To can be widely applied in technical field of sludge treatment, have a good application prospect and industrial production potential.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the reactor of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the external structure schematic diagram of the reactor of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of the cavitation bubble jet emanator of the reactor of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the sludge out pipe of the reactor of the utility model
Wherein, in figures 1-4, each number designation is respectively referred to for following concrete meaning, element or component.
1, blender;2, baffle;3, enters mud pipe;4, signal projector;5, support leg;6, sludge out pipe;7, cavitation bubble jet stream Transmitter;8, cavitation jet device;9, sewage sludge reactor;10, inlet opening;11, detecting head;12, jet port;13, control cabinet; 14, conveyer;15, solenoid valve;16, helical blade.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the utility model is described in detail by specific embodiment, but these particularizations The purposes and purpose of embodiment are only used for enumerating the utility model, not constitute and appoint to the real protection scope of the utility model Any restriction of what form, it is more non-that the scope of protection of the utility model is confined to this.
As Fig. 1-3 it is common shown in, the utility model provides the reactor that a kind of cavitation jet handles excess sludge, described Reactor includes blender 1, baffle 2, enters mud pipe 3, signal projector 4, support leg 5, sludge out pipe 6, cavitation bubble jet emanator 7, cavitation jet device 8, sewage sludge reactor 9, inlet opening 10, detecting head 11, jet port 12, control cabinet 13, conveyer 14 and electricity Magnet valve 15;
Wherein, it is provided with the enters mud pipe 3 on 9 outer wall of the sewage sludge reactor, is arranged on 9 outer wall of the sewage sludge reactor There are the control cabinet 13,13 lower section of the control cabinet to be provided with the signal projector 4, top is set in the sewage sludge reactor 9 It is equipped with the baffle 2, the blender 1 is provided among the baffle 2,2 lower surface of the baffle is provided with the detecting head 11,9 inner wall of the sewage sludge reactor is provided with the inlet opening 10 above the baffle 2, and the inlet opening 10 is connected with The cavitation jet device 8, bottom is provided with the sludge out pipe 6,6 top setting of the sludge out pipe in the sewage sludge reactor 9 Have the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7, be provided with the jet port 12 on 7 side wall of cavitation bubble jet emanator, it is described go out 6 lower section of mud pipe is provided with the solenoid valve 15, and 15 lower section of the solenoid valve is provided with the conveyer 14, the sewage sludge reactor 9 lower sections are provided with the support leg 5.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the baffle 2 is fixed by screws on 9 inside of the sewage sludge reactor Side, the baffle 2 are porous slabstone or porous metallic plate.
So setting can effectively separate water and excess sludge, individually be located to excess sludge to convenient Reason.
Wherein, the element that the porous slabstone or porous metallic plate all right and wrong are usually advised, those skilled in the art can root Suitable porous slabstone or porous metallic plate are bought according to actual demand, are no longer described in detail herein.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the blender 1 is fixed by screws on the baffle 2, the stirring 1 lower end of device is goed deep into inside excess sludge, and the blender 1 is electrically connected with the control cabinet 13.
By structure design so and setting, the blender 1 can be made to be sufficiently stirred excess sludge so that Excess sludge comes into full contact with bubble, to improve purification speed and treatment effeciency.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the enters mud pipe 3 is welded on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall 9, and described The position of enters mud pipe 3 is less than the position of the baffle 2.
So setting, can contact to avoid excess sludge with clear water, convenient to handle excess sludge.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the sludge out pipe 6 is welded on 9 bottom of the sewage sludge reactor, the mud extraction Pipe 6 is up big and down small pyramidal structure, and the solenoid valve 15 is mounted on 6 lower section of the sludge out pipe by pipe collar.
Structure design so and setting are very beneficial for the discharge of excess sludge, while preventing when handling excess sludge Only sludge is revealed and influences treatment effect.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7 is nested in 6 top exterior walls of the sludge out pipe On, the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7 is connected with the outlet side of the cavitation jet device 8.
By being so arranged, bubble is enabled to be sprayed from 9 lower section of the sewage sludge reactor, to broken excess sludge In organic matter and microorganism, improve Treatment of Sludge speed and treatment effeciency.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7 is loop configuration, and there are four injections for tool Mouth 12, four jet ports 12 are equidistantly arranged on 7 outer wall of cavitation bubble jet emanator, four jet ports 12 Direction it is identical.
Structure design so and setting are arranged, and can ensure that the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7 is spraying cavitation bubble Utilize reaction force that can rotate automatically in the process so that cavitation bubble contacts more abundant with excess sludge.
As shown in figure 4, as a kind of perferred technical scheme, the inner wall of the sludge out pipe 6 is equipped with helical blade 16, institute It states helical blade 16 and is spirally extended to small end from the big end of the sludge out pipe 6.
Structure design so may make in sludge under Gravitative Loads, flow downward along the helical blade 16 During also generate rotation, can more thoroughly be discharged, avoid the sludge and stick on the inner wall of the sludge out pipe 6.
The course of work and/or principle of the reactor of the utility model are specific as follows:Excess sludge is from into the mud Pipe 3 enters in the sewage sludge reactor 9, and the rotation of the blender 1 drives excess sludge rotation, the cavitation jet device 8 to produce Raw a large amount of cavitation bubble, and sprayed from the jet port 12 on the cavitation bubble jet emanator 7, the cavitation bubble that high speed sprays Rupture generates huge shock wave after encountering sludge, and organic matter, microorganism, the heavy metal etc. in sludge are ground by shock wave can The microminiature particle of dissolving, and the impurity that cannot be crushed then enters in the conveyer 14 from the sludge out pipe 6 and transports;Phase Between, the detecting head 11 can monitor many real time information such as pH value, oxidation-reduction potential, dissolved oxygen and COD of sludge on-line, And these information monitored are sent to by remote control center by the signal projector 4, implement remote control, to Remote automation operation can be achieved.
In conclusion the utility model provides a kind of reactor of novel cavitation jet processing excess sludge, it is described For reactor by unique structure design, a large amount of cavitation bubbles that can be generated can bring one in the rupture of cavitation bubble moment Strong impact, the impact and cavitation phenomenon can break the flco of sludge, and the cavitation bubble of generation being capable of degradation of organic substances, again Metal and microorganism, and cavitation bubble can destroy microbial cell structure, and intracellular organic matter is dissolved out, and reduce surplus sludge volume. To can be widely applied in technical field of sludge treatment, have a good application prospect and industrial production potential.
Although for the purpose illustrated and described, and describing and being tied shown in the above embodiment of the utility model, attached drawing Structure, micro-nano bubble generation process and basic principle etc., but it is to describe in detail that these, which are not, it can not be by the utility model Range is confined to this.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the above embodiment of the utility model can be made it is a variety of modification and/ Or variation, and these all modifications and/or variation be included in as the utility model claim limited range it It is interior, without departing from the scope of the utility model as defined by the appended claims and spirit.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge, the reactor includes blender, baffle, enters mud pipe, signal Transmitter, support leg, sludge out pipe, cavitation bubble jet emanator, cavitation jet device, sewage sludge reactor, inlet opening, detecting head, Jet port, control cabinet, conveyer and solenoid valve;
Wherein, it is provided with the enters mud pipe on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall, is provided on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall described Control cabinet, the control cabinet lower section are provided with the signal projector, and top is provided with the baffle in the sewage sludge reactor, It is provided with the blender among the baffle, the baffle lower surface is provided with the detecting head, in the sewage sludge reactor Wall is provided with the inlet opening above the baffle, and the inlet opening is connected with the cavitation jet device, the sludge Bottom is provided with the sludge out pipe in reactor, and the cavitation bubble jet emanator, the sky are provided with above the sludge out pipe It is provided with the jet port on bubble jet emanator side wall, the solenoid valve, the electromagnetism are provided with below the sludge out pipe It is provided with the conveyer below valve, the support leg is provided with below the sewage sludge reactor.
2. reactor as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The baffle is fixed by screws in the sewage sludge reactor Inner upper, the baffle are porous slabstone or porous metallic plate.
3. reactor as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The blender is fixed by screws on the baffle, The blender lower end is goed deep into inside excess sludge, and the blender is electrically connected with the control cabinet.
4. reactor as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The enters mud pipe is welded on the sewage sludge reactor outer wall On, and the position of the enters mud pipe is less than the position of the baffle.
5. reactor as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sludge out pipe is welded on the sewage sludge reactor bottom, The sludge out pipe is up big and down small pyramidal structure, and the solenoid valve is mounted on by pipe collar below the sludge out pipe.
6. reactor as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cavitation bubble jet emanator is nested in the sludge out pipe In top exterior walls, the cavitation bubble jet emanator is connected with the outlet side of the cavitation jet device.
7. reactor as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that:The cavitation bubble jet emanator is ring junction Structure, there are four jet ports for tool, and four jet ports are equidistantly arranged on the cavitation bubble jet emanator outer wall, described The direction of four jet ports is identical.
8. reactor as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the sludge out pipe is equipped with helical blade, described Helical blade is spirally extended to small end from the big end of the sludge out pipe.
CN201721403280.6U 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 A kind of reactor of cavitation jet processing excess sludge Active CN207608474U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111646650A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 广东源控环保科技有限公司 Sewage and sludge treatment system and hydrodynamic cavitation mud reducer thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111646650A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 广东源控环保科技有限公司 Sewage and sludge treatment system and hydrodynamic cavitation mud reducer thereof

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