CN207608461U - A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water - Google Patents

A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207608461U
CN207608461U CN201721442457.3U CN201721442457U CN207608461U CN 207608461 U CN207608461 U CN 207608461U CN 201721442457 U CN201721442457 U CN 201721442457U CN 207608461 U CN207608461 U CN 207608461U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
artificial wetland
wetland
waste water
artificial
pond
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721442457.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱四喜
赵斌
王凤友
杨秀琴
吴云杰
徐铖
曾龙
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Guizhou Minzu University
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Guizhou Minzu University
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Priority to CN201721442457.3U priority Critical patent/CN207608461U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of combined artificial wetland structures of processing molasses containing waste water, including artificial grid pond, regulating reservoir, neutralization pond, primary sedimentation pond, aeration tank, primary vertical artificial wetland, secondary sedimentation tank, surface current artificial wetland, secondary vertical artificial wetland, sand filter and the collecting-tank being arranged in series.Artificial grid pond is connect with the waste water input pipe equipped with switch valve, and artificial grid pond is equipped with the differential pressure levelmeter with switch valve connection communication, and regulating reservoir is equipped with agitating device.Kind is implanted with purifying plant in surface current artificial wetland, primary vertical artificial wetland and secondary vertical artificial wetland.The utility model handles SS, COD, BOD in refining waste water by primary vertical artificial wetland5, solid content, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc., to reduce the processing load of succeeding level-two vertical current constructed wetland, and inorganic acid, organic acid, pigment etc. in waste water are handled by secondary vertical artificial wetland, improve the treatment effect of waste water.

Description

A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water
Technical field
The utility model is related to technical field of environmental management more particularly to a kind of combined artificial wetlands of processing molasses containing waste water Structure.
Background technology
Crystalline mother solution when molasses are sugar refinery's production sugar, is a kind of by-product of sugar industry, total sugar content is reachable 50-60% is the raw material of microbiological industry containing a large amount of organic or inorganic substance.Molasses Wastewater can be divided into:High concentration molasses Alcohol waste water;Middle concentration waste water, slept essentially from filter wash water distribution, cleaning of evaporator and wash ground water etc.;Low concentration wastewater, essentially from sugaring The cooling water for boiling the equipment such as sugar, evaporative condenser, vacuum suction filter and power houses steam turbine generator in workshop.Wherein, high Pollutant concentration is high in concentration molasses alcohol waste water, and processing is difficult, is the primary pollution source of sugar industry.
The characteristics of molasses containing waste water, is that SS, COD, BOD and solid concentration are high, and containing a large amount of protein, vitamin, Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc. and inorganic acid, organic acid, pigment etc., deal with extremely difficult so as to cause it.
Invention content
For the above problem of the prior art, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of answering for processing molasses containing waste water Close artificial swamp structure.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
It is a kind of processing molasses containing waste water combined artificial wetland structure, including be arranged in series artificial grid pond, regulating reservoir, in With pond, primary sedimentation pond, aeration tank, secondary sedimentation tank, surface current artificial wetland, sand filter and collecting-tank,
The artificial grid pond is connect with waste water input pipe, and the waste water input pipe is set at the artificial grid pond There are switch valve, the artificial grid pond to be equipped with differential pressure levelmeter, the differential pressure levelmeter and the switch valve connection communication,
The regulating reservoir is equipped with agitating device, and the agitating device includes the motor and stirring by a stirring axis connection Paddle, the agitating paddle include frame type agitating blade and the anchor that is arranged in the middle part of the agitating shaft being arranged in the one end of the mixing shaft portion Formula agitating paddle,
Primary vertical artificial wetland, the primary vertical artificial wetland are equipped between the aeration tank and secondary sedimentation tank It is connected to the aeration tank by being arranged to be open the first of the aeration tank top, and the primary vertical artificial wetland is logical The second opening being arranged in the secondary sedimentation tank lower part is crossed to be connected to the secondary sedimentation tank,
Secondary vertical artificial wetland, the secondary vertical turning flow artificial are equipped between the surface current artificial wetland and sand filter Wetland is open by the third for being arranged on the surface current artificial wetland top and is connected to the surface current artificial wetland, and described Secondary vertical artificial wetland is connected to by being arranged to be open the 4th of the sand filter lower part with the sand filter,
Kind is implanted with only in the surface current artificial wetland, primary vertical artificial wetland and secondary vertical artificial wetland Change plant.
Further, in the artificial grid pond sewage approach axis successively be equipped with 20 ㎜ coarse rack and 5 ㎜ it is thin Grid.
Further, the primary vertical artificial wetland includes primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank and primary vertical Artificial wetland uplink pond;
The secondary vertical artificial wetland includes that secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank and secondary vertical turning flow artificial are wet Ground uplink pond.
Further, the purifying plant of the primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank plantation is giantreed, yellow flag, calamus Or thaliadeabata, the purifying plant of the primary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond plantation is reed, canna, Lythrum salicaria or hay In vain;
The purifying plant of the secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank plantation is cyperus alternifolius, yellow flag, Broadcrown or water Raw iris;The purifying plant of the secondary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond plantation is thaliadeabata, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani or mullet grass.
Further, hydrolysis acidification agent is added in the regulating reservoir;White lime and molysite are added in the neutralization pond;It is described first Coagulant reagent is added in secondary sedimentation basin;Aeration quantity is controlled in the aeration tank, and adds denitrification preparation;The secondary precipitation Add Biostimulation agent in pond;Activated carbon is added in the sand filter;Disinfection by ultraviolet light is arranged in the collecting-tank.
Further, gravel layer, coarse sands layer are added in the primary vertical artificial wetland successively from the bottom to top, wherein slightly The grain size of sand is 1-2cm, and the grain size of gravel is 3-5cm.
Further, gravel layer, coarse sands layer and fine sand are added in the secondary vertical artificial wetland successively from the bottom to top Layer, the wherein grain size of fine sand are 0.2-0.4cm, and the grain size of coarse sand is 1-2cm, and the grain size of gravel is 3-5cm.
Further, the primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank and secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank top are equal Arrange water distributor.
Further, the purifying plant of surface current artificial wetland's plantation is floating heart, fragrant marshweed herb, wheel blade watermifoil or big Najas marina.
A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water of the utility model has as follows
Advantageous effect:
The utility model is equipped with primary vertical artificial wetland between aeration tank and secondary sedimentation tank, and in surface turning flow artificial It is equipped with secondary vertical artificial wetland between wetland and sand filter, is handled in molasses containing waste water by primary vertical artificial wetland SS、COD、BOD5, solid content, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc., to reduce the processing load of succeeding level-two vertical current constructed wetland;By level-one Treated that waste water is further handled in secondary vertical artificial wetland for vertical current constructed wetland, to by the nothing in waste water Machine acid, organic acid, pigment etc. are disposed, and the treatment effect of waste water is substantially increased.
In addition, in order to ensure that wet land system water distribution is uniform, each wetland is equipped with independent water distribution system, using staged cloth Water mode.
Description of the drawings
It, below will be to institute in embodiment or description of the prior art in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the utility model Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some of the utility model Embodiment for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be attached according to these Figure obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of combined artificial wetland structure provided by the utility model.
In figure:The artificial grid ponds of 1-, 2- regulating reservoirs, 3- neutralization ponds, 4- primary sedimentation ponds, the aeration tanks 5-, 6- primary verticals Artificial wetland downstream tank, 7- primary vertical artificial wetland uplinks pond, 8- secondary sedimentation tanks, 9- surface current artificial wetlands, 10- Secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank, 11- secondary vertical artificial wetland uplinks pond, 12- sand filters, 13- collecting-tanks, 14- Primary vertical artificial wetland, 15- secondary vertical artificial wetlands, 16- water distributors, 101- waste water input pipes, 51- first are opened Mouthful, 81- second is open, and 91- thirds opening, 121- the 4th is open, L1- differential pressure levelmeters, K1- switch valves, 21- agitating devices, 211- agitating shafts, 212- motors, 213- agitating paddles, 213a- frame type agitating blades, 213b- anchor formula agitating paddles.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are in the premise for not making creative work Lower obtained every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The utility model provides a kind of high treating effect, for the combined artificial wetland structure of molasses containing waste water processing, tool Body, please refer to Fig.1 shown in the combined artificial wetland structure structural schematic diagram.
The combined artificial wetland structure includes connecting and being connected to the artificial grid pond 1 of setting, regulating reservoir 2, neutralization pond 3, just Secondary sedimentation basin 4, aeration tank 5, secondary sedimentation tank 8, surface current artificial wetland 9, sand filter 12 and collecting-tank 13.
In one embodiment, hydrolysis acidification agent is added in the regulating reservoir 2;In the neutralization pond 3 add white lime and Molysite;Coagulant reagent is added in the primary sedimentation pond 4;Aeration quantity is controlled in the aeration tank 5, and adds denitrification system Agent;The secondary sedimentation tank 8 adds Biostimulation agent;Activated carbon is added in the sand filter 12;Purple is arranged in the collecting-tank 13 Outside line sterilizes.
The artificial grid pond 1 is connect with waste water input pipe 101, and the waste water input pipe 101 is close to the artificial lattice Grid Chi1Chu be equipped with switch valve K1, the artificial grid pond 1 be equipped with differential pressure levelmeter L1, the differential pressure levelmeter L1 with it is described Switch valve K1 connection communications.
Specifically, differential pressure levelmeter L1 is used to detect the height of liquid level in artificial grid pond 1, when differential pressure levelmeter L1 is detected When higher to liquid level, which is sent to switch valve K1, after switch valve K1 receives the signal, executes closing motion, So as to prevent the liquid level in artificial grid pond 1 excessively high and excessive.
In one embodiment, the regulating reservoir 2 is equipped with agitating device 21, and the agitating device 21 includes passing through one The motor 212 and agitating paddle 213 that agitating shaft 211 connects, the agitating paddle 213 include being arranged in 211 one end of the agitating shaft Frame type agitating blade 213a and the anchor formula agitating paddle 213b at the middle part of the agitating shaft 211 is set.The setting of agitating device 21 makes The sufficient haptoreaction of hydrolysis acidification agent for obtaining waste water and being added in regulating reservoir 2 is conducive to improve treatment effect.
Primary vertical artificial wetland 14, the primary vertical turning flow artificial are equipped between the aeration tank 5 and secondary sedimentation tank 8 Wetland 14 51 is connected to by the first opening for being arranged on 5 top of the aeration tank with the aeration tank 5, and the primary vertical stream Artificial swamp 14 81 is connected to by the second opening for being arranged in 8 lower part of the secondary sedimentation tank with the secondary sedimentation tank 8.
Secondary vertical artificial wetland 15, the secondary vertical are equipped between the surface current artificial wetland 9 and sand filter 12 Artificial wetland 15 is by being arranged third opening 91 and the surface current artificial wetland on 9 top of the surface current artificial wetland 9 connection, and the secondary vertical artificial wetland 15 by be arranged 12 lower part of the sand filter the 4th opening 121 with it is described Sand filter 12 is connected to.
It is planted in the surface current artificial wetland 9, primary vertical artificial wetland 14 and secondary vertical artificial wetland 15 It is implanted with purifying plant.
In one embodiment, it is equipped with the coarse rack of 20 ㎜ in the artificial grid pond 1 successively in sewage approach axis With the fine fack of 5 ㎜.
In one embodiment, the primary vertical artificial wetland 14 includes primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank 6 and primary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond 7;The secondary vertical artificial wetland 15 includes under secondary vertical artificial wetland Row pond 10 and secondary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond 11.
In one embodiment, the purifying plant of 6 kinds of plants of the primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank is giantreed, Huang The purifying plant of calamus, calamus or thaliadeabata, the 7 kinds of plants in the primary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond is reed, canna, thousand Bend dish or wild rice stem.
The purifying plants of 10 kinds of secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank plant be cyperus alternifolius, yellow flag, Broadcrown or Aquatic iris;The purifying plant of the 11 kinds of plants in the secondary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond is thaliadeabata, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani or mullet Grass.
In one embodiment, gravel layer, thick is added in the primary vertical artificial wetland 14 successively from the bottom to top The grain size of layer of sand, medium coarse sand is 1-2cm, and the grain size of gravel is 3-5cm.
In one embodiment, gravel layer, thick is added in the secondary vertical artificial wetland 15 successively from the bottom to top Layer of sand and fine sand layer, the wherein grain size of fine sand are 0.2-0.4cm, and the grain size of coarse sand is 1-2cm, and the grain size of gravel is 3-5cm.
In one embodiment, under the primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank 6 and secondary vertical artificial wetland Water distributor 16 is arranged at 10 top of row pond.
In one embodiment, the purifying plant of 9 kinds of plants of the surface current artificial wetland is floating heart, fragrant marshweed herb, wheel blade Watermifoil or big najas marina.
A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water of the utility model has as follows
Advantageous effect:
The utility model is equipped with primary vertical artificial wetland between aeration tank and secondary sedimentation tank, and in surface turning flow artificial It is equipped with secondary vertical artificial wetland between wetland and sand filter, is handled in molasses containing waste water by primary vertical artificial wetland SS、COD、BOD5, solid content, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc., to reduce the processing load of succeeding level-two vertical current constructed wetland;By level-one Treated that waste water is further handled in secondary vertical artificial wetland for vertical current constructed wetland, to by the nothing in waste water Machine acid, organic acid, pigment etc. are disposed, and the treatment effect of waste water is substantially increased.
In addition, in order to ensure that wet land system water distribution is uniform, each wetland is equipped with independent water distribution system, using staged cloth Water mode.
Above description fully discloses specific embodiment of the present utility model.It should be pointed out that being familiar with the neck Right of any change that the technical staff in domain does specific embodiment of the present utility model all without departing from the utility model The range of claim.Correspondingly, the scope of the claims of the utility model is also not limited only to aforementioned specific embodiment party Formula.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water, which is characterized in that including the artificial grid pond being arranged in series (1), regulating reservoir(2), neutralization pond(3), primary sedimentation pond(4), aeration tank(5), secondary sedimentation tank(8), surface current artificial wetland (9), sand filter(12)And collecting-tank(13),
The artificial grid pond(1)With waste water input pipe(101)Connection, the waste water input pipe(101)Close to described artificial Grid pond(1)Place is equipped with switch valve(K1), the artificial grid pond(1)It is equipped with differential pressure levelmeter(L1), the differential pressure liquid level Meter(L1)With the switch valve(K1)Connection communication,
The regulating reservoir(2)It is equipped with agitating device(21), the agitating device(21)Including passing through an agitating shaft(211)Connection Motor(212)And agitating paddle(213), the agitating paddle(213)Including being arranged in the agitating shaft(211)The frame of one end Agitating paddle(213a)With setting in the agitating shaft(211)The anchor formula agitating paddle at middle part(213b),
The aeration tank(5)With secondary sedimentation tank(8)Between be equipped with primary vertical artificial wetland(14), the primary vertical person who lives in exile Work wetland(14)By being arranged in the aeration tank(5)First opening on top(51)With the aeration tank(5)Connection, and it is described Primary vertical artificial wetland(14)By being arranged in the secondary sedimentation tank(8)Second opening of lower part(81)With it is described secondary Sedimentation basin(8)Connection,
The surface current artificial wetland(9)With sand filter(12)Between be equipped with secondary vertical artificial wetland(15), the two level hang down Direct current artificial swamp(15)By being arranged in the surface current artificial wetland(9)The third on top is open(91)It is flowed with the surface Artificial swamp(9)Connection, and the secondary vertical artificial wetland(15)By being arranged in the sand filter(12)The of lower part Four openings(121)With the sand filter(12)Connection,
The surface current artificial wetland(9), primary vertical artificial wetland(14)With secondary vertical artificial wetland(15)In Kind is implanted with purifying plant.
2. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the people Work grid pond(1)In sewage approach axis successively be equipped with 20mm coarse rack and 5mm fine fack.
3. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described one Grade vertical current constructed wetland(14)Including primary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank(6)With primary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond (7);
The secondary vertical artificial wetland(15)Including secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank(10)With secondary vertical person who lives in exile Work wetland uplink pond(11).
4. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 3, which is characterized in that described one Grade vertical current constructed wetland downstream tank(6)The purifying plant of plantation is giantreed, yellow flag, calamus or thaliadeabata, and the level-one is hung down Direct current artificial swamp uplink pond(7)The purifying plant of plantation is reed, canna, Lythrum salicaria or wild rice stem;
The secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank(10)The purifying plant of plantation is cyperus alternifolius, yellow flag, Broadcrown or water Raw iris;The secondary vertical artificial wetland uplink pond(11)The purifying plant of plantation is thaliadeabata, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani or mullet Grass.
5. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the tune Save pond(2)In plus hydrolysis acidification agent;The neutralization pond(3)Middle addition white lime and molysite;The primary sedimentation pond(4)Middle addition Coagulant reagent;The aeration tank(5)Middle control aeration quantity, and add denitrification preparation;The secondary sedimentation tank(8)Addition life Object accelerating agent;The sand filter(12)Middle addition activated carbon;The collecting-tank(13)Disinfection by ultraviolet light is set.
6. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described one Grade vertical current constructed wetland(14)In add gravel layer, coarse sands layer successively from the bottom to top, the grain size of medium coarse sand is 1-2cm, gravel The grain size of stone is 3-5cm.
7. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described two Grade vertical current constructed wetland(15)In add gravel layer successively from the bottom to top, coarse sands layer and fine sand layer, the grain size of wherein fine sand are The grain size of 0.2-0.4cm, coarse sand are 1-2cm, and the grain size of gravel is 3-5cm.
8. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 3, which is characterized in that described one Grade vertical current constructed wetland downstream tank(6)With secondary vertical artificial wetland downstream tank(10)Water distributor is arranged at top(16).
9. a kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the table Surface current artificial swamp(9)The purifying plant of plantation is floating heart, fragrant marshweed herb, wheel blade watermifoil or big najas marina.
CN201721442457.3U 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water Expired - Fee Related CN207608461U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721442457.3U CN207608461U (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721442457.3U CN207608461U (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 A kind of combined artificial wetland structure of processing molasses containing waste water

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110342675A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-10-18 重庆迪盈精密电子科技有限公司 A kind of environment-protecting industrial wastewater treatment equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110342675A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-10-18 重庆迪盈精密电子科技有限公司 A kind of environment-protecting industrial wastewater treatment equipment

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Granted publication date: 20180713

Termination date: 20201102